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Oral history interview with George Biddle

Interviewee:
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington), 1920-  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Billings, Henry, 1901-  Search this
Bouché, Louis, 1896-1969  Search this
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Curry, John Steuart, 1897-1946  Search this
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino, 1899-  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
239 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963
Scope and Contents:
An interview of George Biddle conducted in 1963, by Harlan Phillips, for the Archives of American Art.
Biddle speaks of his background in Philadelphia; his Harvard education in preparation for a law career; literary acquaintances; travel; the beginning of his art career; his preoccupation with portraiture; his tragic and pleasant works; the importance of mood; his drawing techniques; drawing from nature; color experimentation; Stieglitz's circle; the susceptibility of artists to change during the 1930s; his involvement with the Public Works of Art Project; government censorship of his murals; his involvement with artists overseas during World War II; and his aesthetic philosophy. He recalls Max Weber, Maurice Sterne, George Grosz, William Zorach, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Peggy Bacon, Marsden Hartley, Charles Demuth, Edith Halpert, Boardman Robinson, Reginald Marsh, Thomas Hart Benton, Henry Billings, Ned Bruce, Holger Cahill, Philip Evergood, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Siqueiros, and Rufino Tamayo.
Biographical / Historical:
George Biddle (1885-1973) was a painter and sculptor, in Croton-on-Hudson, New York.
General:
Originally recorded 3 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 13 hr., 56 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Censorship  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.biddle63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bb4fdb2d-29ab-4c56-bcef-655c27a0afb8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biddle63
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Arnold Blanch

Interviewee:
Blanch, Arnold, 1896-1968  Search this
Interviewer:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Names:
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Hague, Raoul, 1905-1993  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Extent:
37 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963 June 13-August 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Arnold Blanch conducted by Dorothy Seckler (31 pages) on 1963 June 13 for the Archives of American Art, and a lecture by Blanch recorded by Seckler (6 pages), August 1, 1963.
In the interview, Blanch speaks of his childhood in Minnesota; his hostility toward formal education; his art education; moving to New York; the influence of Cezanne and Renoir on his work; the Woodstock art circle; travels in Paris; his association with New York galleries; his involvement with WPA projects; the American Artists Congress; the American art scene in the 1930s; his opinions of government aid to the arts; changes in his style; and his opinions on the contemporary art scene. He recalls Boardman Robinson, Juliana Force, George Bellows, Robert Henri, John Sloan, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Arshile Gorky, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Siqueiros, and Raoul Hague. The lecture,"Art Tradition," was delivered by Blanch to the Woodstock Art Association, Woodstock, New York, August 1, 1963.
Biographical / Historical:
Arnold Blanch (1896-1968) was a mural painter in Woodstock, New York.
General:
Originally recorded 5 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 12 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.blanch63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90ce9ffe3-ba4d-4131-b160-99f0588088aa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blanch63
Online Media:

Left Behind in Serbia Send Money for the Women and Children to the Serbian Relief

Issuing body:
Serbian Relief Committee of America. (New York.)  Search this
Creator:
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Serbian Relief Committee of America. (New York.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (Full size; Monochrome, 91.5 x 61 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 354
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Date:
circa 1917
Image:
Main Image: Serbian family sitting and standing with ruined house in background
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 2857
General:
Issued by: Serbian Relief Committee of America

Artist(s): Boardman Robinson
Locale:
New York
Related Materials:
Duplicates: 2857, 600

Condition differs: No
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
International relief  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Fund raising  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Posters -- World War, 1914-1918 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 2: World War One / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8070ac552-6c7b-4d9b-8540-61d480bb2369
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref7978

Left Behind in Serbia Send Money for the Women and Children to the Serbian Relief

Issuing body:
Serbian Relief Committee of America. (New York.)  Search this
Creator:
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Serbian Relief Committee of America. (New York.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (Full size; Monochrome, 90 x 61 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 63
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Date:
circa 1917
Image:
Main Image: Sketch of Refugee family
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 600
General:
Issued by: Serbian Relief Committee of America

Artist(s): Boardman Robinson
Locale:
New York
Related Materials:
Duplicates: 2857, 600

Condition differs: No
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Fund raising  Search this
International relief  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 2: World War One / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8503846bb-ff27-424d-8649-dc0b35fadeba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref7979

Harry Wickey papers

Creator:
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Society of American Etchers  Search this
Names:
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Curry, John Steuart, 1897-1946  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Myers, Jerome, 1867-1940  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Street, Frank, 1893-1944  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (ca. 237 items (on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1918-1973
Scope and Contents:
Letters, printed material, photographs, writings, and two etchings.
REEL 3683: Letters, annotated by Wickey, from John Taylor Arms, John Steuart Curry, Adolph Dehn, Rockwell Kent, Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Walter Pach, the Society of American Etchers, and other art organizations discussing art theory, exhibitions, and personal matters; 3 exhibition catalogs, ca. 1931-1973; a notice of a Guggenheim Fellowship award; and two landscape etchings by Wickey.
REEL 1079: A typescript of Wickey's autobiography, THUS FAR, (published by the American Artists Group, 1941); letters from Wickey to Ethel and Virginia Myers about Jerome Myers, and to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Street sent from France during World War I; letters from Syracuse University about the Wickey Collection, and from George Grosz; a list of letters given to Syracuse University; and photographs of Wickey and Grosz.
Biographical / Historical:
Etcher, lithographer, teacher; Cornwall Landing, New York.
Related Materials:
Harry Wickey papers also at Syracuse University.
Provenance:
Material on reel 1079 donated by Mrs. May Wickey, wife of Harry Wickey, 1976. Material on reel 3683 lent for microfilming by Ralph Sandler, the son of Wickey's friend and patron Marc Sandler, 1986.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Etchers -- New York (State)  Search this
Lithographers -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Landscape prints -- 20th century  Search this
Prints -- 20th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wickharr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f9ff777b-b300-4110-8399-9a26f55526f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wickharr

Oral history interview with James Brooks

Interviewee:
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Names:
Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Nicolaïdes, Kimon, 1892-1938  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 June 10 and June 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of James Brooks conducted 1965 June 10-12, by Dorothy Seckler, for the Archives of American Art.
Brooks speaks of his childhood, early art training, study with Kimon Nicolaides and Boardman Robinson at the Art Students League, mural projects, and his work in advertising. He comments on the Artists Union, his Air Force service, Army art projects, teaching at Columbia and Pratt Institute, an early abstract expressionist group called "the 8th Street Club" or just "The Club"; influence of Hans Hofmann, practicing Zen, changes in his work, his use of line and his drawings. He recalls George Biddle, Philip Guston and Jackson Pollock.
Biographical / Historical:
James Brooks (1906-1992) was a painter from East Hampton, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 59 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.brooks65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw941282273-bd41-41f0-abf2-8a2db1e3600c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brooks65
Online Media:

Vera Andrus papers

Creator:
Andrus, Vera Eugenia, 1895-1979  Search this
Names:
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Drawings
Date:
1907-1990
Summary:
The papers of painter Vera Andrus measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1990. The scattered papers include artwork, correspondence, twelve diaries, photographs, printed material, and writing project files.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Vera Andrus measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1990. The scattered papers include artwork, correspondence, twelve diaries, photographs, printed material, and writing project files, including a project on Boardman Robinson.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Vera Andrus (1895-1979) was a lithographer, painter, and author active in Dobbs Ferry, New York.

Andrus was born in Plymouth, Wisconsin in 1895. She studied at the Minnesota School of Architecture, the Minnesota Institute of Art, and the Art Students League. Throughout her career, she painted nautical and marine scenes and wrote and published multiple books.

She died in 1979 in Rockport, Massachusetts.
Provenance:
The collection was donated 1990 by Lura Andrus Crowther, Andrus's sister.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Lithographers -- New York (State)  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State)  Search this
Authors -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Drawings
Citation:
Vera Andrus papers, 1907-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonain Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.andrvera
See more items in:
Vera Andrus papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95a6c15b0-8fda-459a-b520-8d5b10668566
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-andrvera
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Alexander Calder

Interviewee:
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Extent:
27 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Date:
1971 October 26
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Alexander Calder conducted 1971 October 26, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Calder speaks of his studies in engineering at the Stevens Institute; his instructors at the Art Students League including George Luks, Boardman Robinson, and John Sloan; working in Paris; performances of his CIRCUS; artists in Paris in the late 1920s; his materials; his use of color and water; motorized sculpture; commissions; and his interest in works by Constantin Brancusi, Jean Arp, and Alberto Giacometti.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Calder (1898-1976) was a sculptor from New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 1 hr., 3 min.
This transcript has been corrected and edited at the Calder Foundation by Alexander S.C. Rower.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Sculpture -- Technique  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.calder71
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw920b642ac-a0bb-4ea2-99ca-417b45c05e2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-calder71
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Louis Bunce

Interviewee:
Bunce, Louis, 1907-1983  Search this
Interviewer:
Lafo, Rachel Rosenfield, 1951-  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Kharouba Gallery (Portland, Or.)  Search this
Portland Art Museum (Or.)  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth, 1905-1986  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Extent:
78 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1982 December 3-13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Louis Bunce conducted 1982 December 3-13, by Rachel Rosenfield, for the Archives of American Art's Northwest Oral History Project.
Bunce speaks of his family background and education at the Portland Museum Art School; attending the Art Students League in New York and studying under Max Weber, Boardman Robinson and others; returning to Portland during the Depression and working on WPA projects; his interest in jazz and its influence on his work; his involvement in the Northwest arts community; his interest in landscapes and figures; teaching at the Portland Museum Art School; founding the Kharouba Gallery; developing his interest in the graphic arts; and the current Portland art scene. He recalls Kenneth Callahan.
Biographical / Historical:
Louis Bunce (1907-1983) was a painter, printmaker, and educator from Portland, Oregon.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 43 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Northwest Oral History Project, begun in 1982 to document the Northwest artistic community through interviews with painters, sculptors, craftsmen, educators, curators, and others, in Oregon, Washington and Montana.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Artists -- Northwestern States -- Interviews  Search this
Art, Modern -- Northwestern States  Search this
Art, American -- Northwestern States  Search this
Painters -- Oregon -- Portland -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Oregon -- Portland -- Interviews  Search this
Printmakers -- Oregon -- Portland -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bunce82
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dde1094f-ff48-4425-a04d-57b8be9959c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bunce82
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Adolf Dehn

Interviewee:
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Interviewer:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Names:
Blanch, Arnold, 1896-1968  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard, 1895?-1942  Search this
Gag, Wanda, 1893-1946  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Extent:
50 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963 January 23-1964 February 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Adolf Dehn conducted by Dorothy Gees Seckler between 1963 January 23-1964 Febuary 29 for the Archives of American Art.
Dehn speaks of his art training; military service; his drawings for "The Masses," "The Dian," "Playboy," "Broom," "Vanity Fair," and other publications; odd jobs; his European travels; his first wife, Mura Ziperovitch; the influence of Jules Pascin, George Grosz, and Mayan art upon his work; his use of batik, lithography, watercolor, crayon-wash, casein, and gouache; exhibitions as Weyhe Gallery in New York City; and Federal Art Projects. He recalls Arnold Blanch, John Flanagan, Wanda Hazel Gág, Boardman Robinson, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Adolf Dehn (1895-1968) was a painter and lithographer in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 6 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav file. Duration is 4 hr., 4 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Lithographers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.dehn63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97975ebfb-b426-49af-a029-bfa8a17ae687
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dehn63

Adolf Dehn papers

Creator:
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Names:
American Artists Group  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Atelier Desjobert  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
University of Missouri Press  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Castellón, Federico, 1914-1971  Search this
Christ-Janer, Albert, 1910-1973  Search this
Dehn, Mura  Search this
Dehn, Virginia E. (Virginia Engleman), 1922-2005  Search this
Eastman, Max, 1883-1969  Search this
Freeman, Joseph  Search this
Gag, Wanda, 1893-1946  Search this
Goetsch, Gustav F. (Gustav Frederick), 1877-1969  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William, 1901-1988  Search this
Kuh, Frederick, 1895-1978  Search this
Lake, Eileen Hall  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Mitchell, Olivia Dehn  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Shane, Fred, 1906-  Search this
Smith, William Arthur, 1918-1989  Search this
Spruance, Benton, 1904-1967  Search this
Thayer, Scofield, b. 1889  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Photographer:
Kertész, André  Search this
Extent:
6.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Sketches
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Date:
1912-1987
Summary:
The papers of printmaker and painter Adolf Dehn measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. The collection contains extensive correspondence, as well as writings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, clippings, invoices, receipts, legal documents, scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs. There is also scattered correspondence of Virginia Dehn, mostly concerning her husband Adolf Dehn.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of printmaker and painter Adolf Dehn measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. The collection contains extensive correspondence, as well as writings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, clippings, invoices, receipts, legal documents, scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs. There is also scattered correspondence of Virginia Dehn, mostly concerning her husband Adolf Dehn.

Found within the biographical materials are several address books, official travel documents, exhibition price lists, and a biographical sketch.

Correspondence, both personal and business, makes up the bulk of this collection. Dehn maintained long friendships with many fellow artists and his correspondence includes letters from Aaron Bohrod, Federico Castellon, Albert Christ-Janer, Wanda Gág, Gustav Goetsch, George Grosz, Reginald Marsh, Elizabeth Olds, Abraham Rattner, Boardman Robinson, Frederick Shane, William Smith, and Benton Spruance. Additional notable correspondents include print dealer and curator Carl Zigrosser; journalists Max Eastman, Joseph Freeman, Frederick Kuh; editor Scofield Thayer, and his former wife, the Russian dancer Mura Dehn (neé Tsiperovitch). Business correspondence includes letters from art schools, associations, museums, and galleries affiliated with Dehn, including the Weyhe Gallery; Associated American Artists, a gallery that promoted American art to the middle classes; and the Kennedy Gallery, which represented the Dehn estate upon the artist's death. There is also correspondence from companies and organizations that commissioned commercial work from Dehn, such as greeting card publisher, American Artists Group . Finally the correspondence of Virginia Dehn includes letters to and from the University of Missouri Press related to the publication of Adolf Dehn Drawings and condolence cards and letters from friends and associates after the Adolf Dehn's death in May 1968.

Writings include manuscripts for Adolf Dehn's manual on painting technique, Watercolor, Gouache, and Casein Painting (Studio Publications, 1955), as well as his entries on technique and watercolor painting for Encyclopedia Britannica. Writings by others includes the catalog Adolf Dehn Drawings, prepared by his wife Virginia Dehn, and published in 1971 by the University of Missouri Press. There is also a journal with handwritten poems attributed to Eileen Hall Lake.

Printed materials consists of exhibition announcements and catalogs from galleries featuring Dehn's work including the Weyhe Gallery and Associated American Artists; art school brochures and newsletters from programs which Dehn attended or taught; and newspaper and magazine clippings including examples of his editorial cartoons, which appeared in The Liberator, The New Yorker, and Vanity Fair, among other publications as well as clippings of news items related to the artist. This series also includes examples of Dehn's commercial work, such as book covers, calendars, and Christmas cards. Additional similar printed materials can be found in the scrapbooks. Artwork consists of only a few sketches attributed to Dehn, others to Eileen Lake Hall, and an etching by S.W. Hayter.

Dehn is well documented through numerous photographs, both alone and with others, including a portrait by the renowned photographer André Kertész. Additional vintage photographs include Dehn with family members, friends, and a series of photographs taken with his wife, Virginia Dehn at Atelier Desjobert, where he had been making lithographs since the 1920s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1920-1968 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1919-1982 (Boxes 1-4; 3.75 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1920-1971 (Boxes 4-5; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1936-1965 (Box 5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1915-1987 (Boxes 5-6; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1912-1968(Boxes 6-7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1920-1945 (Box 6; 3 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1912-1961 (Boxes 6 and 8; 7 folders)
Biographical Note:
Adolf Dehn (1895-1968) was well-known for his drawings, lithographs and watercolors which satirically chronicled the social and political milieu of his times, as well as poetic landscapes, many of which depicted the rolling hills and farmlands of his native Midwest. Although he worked mostly in New York, Dehn also spent substantial time traveling and working in Europe, the Middle East, South America, and the American mid-west.

Dehn was born on a farm in Waterville, Minnesota on November 22, 1895, he began his formal art education in 1914 at the Minneapolis School of Art (currently known as the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). As a student, his drawings were featured in the school's humor journal, The Minne-Ha-Ha and by 1917 he had published his first drawing in one of his favorite political journals, The Masses. Later that year he and fellow Minneapolis School of Art student Wanda Gág were among a select group of art students nationwide who won scholarships to the Art Students League of New York. After only eight months in New York, however, Dehn was drafted into the Army to serve in the final months of World War I, but he proclaimed himself as a conscientious objector and was sent to Camp Wadsworth in South Carolina for several months.

Dehn returned to New York, where his friend and mentor Boardman Robinson introduced him to lithography through the master printer George Miller and brought him to the Weyhe Gallery to meet Carl Zigrosser, an avid supporter of American printmakers. However, he soon left New York for Europe in September 1921 where he spent most of the following eight years. There he traveled with his sketchbooks to the cafes and opera houses of Berlin, Paris, and Vienna, as well as on hiking trips in the Alps. He became friends with the poet E.E. Cummings, Scofield Thayer, editor of The Dial, who published many of his drawings, and met the German artist, George Grosz, whose work he so admired. In addition to The Dial, his satirical drawings of jazz-age entertainments and European cafe life also appeared in , The Liberator, Jugend, Vanity Fair, and Simplicissimus. Finally during his stint in Europe, Dehn met and married the Russian dancer Mura Tsiperovitch. They were married in Vienna in 1926, but divorced sometime in the early 1930s.

Unfortunately Dehn's return to the United States coincided with the Great Depression of 1929 and sales of his work were slim. However in the 1930s, The New Yorker and Vogue began to publish his work. He continued to work in lithography and returned to Paris to work at the Atelier Desjobert, the print studio with whom he worked most closely throughout his life. In the late 1930s, Dehn began working in watercolors, mostly rural landscapes, and had a one man show of works in his new medium at Weyhe Gallery in 1938. In 1939 Dehn traveled through the Southwest and Mexico on his first Guggenheim Fellowship (he was awarded his second in 1951).

By the 1940s Dehn was an active member of both the American Artists Group and Associated American Artists; both organizations sought to popularize contemporary American Art, primarily through reproductions of fine art prints and commercial use of artists' designs on greeting card, calendars, and even wall paper. Appreciation for his lithographs and watercolors grew, and along with it his recognition. He also taught art classes a few summers; in the late 1930s at Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri where his friend Albert Janner-Christ was head of the art department and in the early 1940s at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, where friend and mentor Boardman Robinson was the director. In 1955 he published Watercolor, Gouache, and Casein Painting, a manual on technique. Throughout the rest of his life he continued to travel, not only returning to Europe, but also visiting Afganistan, Cuba, Haiti, and a trip to Venuzuala on assignment from Standard Oil to document the oil industry there. On many of his later trips, he was accompanied by his wife, fellow artist, Virginia Engleman Dehn, whom he had married in November 1947.

Near the end of his long career, Dehn was elected in 1961 to the National Academy of Design as a full academician. He was later elected to the National Academy of Arts and Letters. After his death in 1968, his wife Virginia worked with the University of Missouri Press on the catalog Adolf Dehn Drawings (Columbia: University of Missouri, 1971).
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming. Reel 287 contains printed materials, including exhibition announcements, catalogs, magazines, and newspaper and magazine clippings. After filming, these materials were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum/National Portrait Gallery Library. Reels 2938-2939 include 750 letters from Adolf Dehn to various family members. This material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Adolf Dehn papers were donated in several installments from 1966 to 1985 by Adolf Dehn and his wife Virginia. Dehn's sisters, Viola Dehn Tiala and Olivia Dehn Mitchell, separately donated additional materials in 1971 and 1972. Olivia Dehn Mitchell also loaned the Archives letters from Adolf in 1983 for microfilming. Finally in 1989, Lillian Morrison, a friend and editor, donated a published book of Mura Dehn's poetry and a four page draft of a letter signed by Adolf Dehn.
Restrictions:
Use of originals requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic arts -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Sketches
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Citation:
Adolf Dehn papers, 1912-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dehnadop
See more items in:
Adolf Dehn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92c8a7afd-8bd9-4c4c-935d-90de370a645e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dehnadop

Boardman Robinson: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF002488
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141142

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072657
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72658

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072658
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72659

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072659
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72660

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072660
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72661

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072661
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72662

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072662
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72663

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072663
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72664

Mack [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Robinson, Boardman 1876-1952  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072664
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72665

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