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Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection

Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Names:
Universal Gospel Singers  Search this
Bouldin, Ione B. (singer)  Search this
Martin, Sallie (singer)  Search this
Pleasant, Earl (singer)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheet music
Place:
Oklahoma
Tulsa (Oklahoma)
Date:
1931-1945
Scope and Contents:
The Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection consists of an album of Gospel music scores collected or composed by Reverend Eugene D. Smallwood andnineteen additional loose scores published by Rev. Smallwood's company. The publication dates range from 1931 to 1945. The scores were performed by Reverend Smallwood's choirs. As a composer/arranger, Rev. Smallwood was often able to "correct" or re-arrange the compositions of others to suit his own style. If he felt the music was in the "wrong key", he transposed it himself. Some compositions were the work of such well known artists as Dr. Thomas A. Dorsey and Theodore Frye, whose portraits appear in the collection. The published music includes some additional illustrations of Gospel musicians, e.g. Rev.Smallwood; Ione B. Bouldin, Gospel singer; Earl Pleasant, Gospel singer; and the Universal Gospel singers. Many of the works are numbered according to the system that Rev. Smallwood used in the album, or dated according to his use of the arrangements.

Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon, a staff member in the Division of Community Life, National Museum of American History, was instrumental in the acquisition of the collection. According to Dr. Reagon, the collection is unique because of Rev. Smallwood's use of an album of music which he kept intact. Although the music has been removed from the original album cover for the preservation purposes, this album is a written record of the performance of Gospel music by Reverend Smallwood and his choirs. The collection should prove to be of interest to anyone studying Gospel music and its creators.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Scrapbook album, 1931-1942

Series 2: Sheet music, 1939-1945
Biographical / Historical:
Reverend Eugene D. Smallwood is a Gospel musician and choir leader who owned his own music publishing company. Some of the more famous Gospel musicians with whom he worked were Mahalia Jackson and the Roberta Martin Singers.
Related/Analytical Title:
Jesus Lives In Me,[song]

I'm Just A Sinner Saved by Grace,[song]

Heaven's Radio,[song]

Lead Me To Calvary,[song]

No Disappointment In Heaven,[song]

The Little Wooden Church on the Hill,[song]
Provenance:
The Smallwood collection was acquired through Dr. Bernice Reagon. While doing research on Gospel music with the support of a MacArthur Foundation grant, from 1991 to 1992, she made several contacts with the originators of the Black Gospel music movement in the Americas. Dr. Smallwood was one of those contacts.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
Choral music  Search this
Church music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sheet music
Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0456
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0456

Album of Choral Arrangements

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931 - 1942
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0456, Series 1
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref11

"Just Pray On." -- 2 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref17

"Let's Go Back To Our Father's Praying Ground." -- 2 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref18

"Lord I Just Couldn't Hold My Peace." -- 1 copy

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref19

"The Man of Galilee." -- 2 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref21

"Something Peculiar Burns Within Me." -- 2 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref22

Loose Choral Arrangements

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1945
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0456, Series 2
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref12

Gospel Music Album (75pp) A - L.

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 1: Album of Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref13

"Hang Out Your Sign for the King." -- 2 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref14

"His Nail Scarred Hand." -- 1 copy

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref15

"Just for Today." -- 1 copy

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref16

"Lord Plant My Feet On Higher Ground." -- 3 copies

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref20

"Whither Shall I Go." -- 2 copies; 11, "Yes My Lord Is A to Z." -- 2 copies.

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 2: Loose Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref23

Gospel Music Album (75pp) M - Z.

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 1: Album of Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref24

Album cover

Collection Composer:
Frye, Theodore M. (singer)  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A. (choral director)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Community Life, Div. of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smallwood, Eugene D., Rev., -2005 (composer, music director)  Search this
Container:
Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Use of this collection for performance purposes requires notification of Smallwood's daughter. Contact the Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection, 1931-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection
Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection / Series 1: Album of Choral Arrangements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0456-ref25

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

Petit Valle Trinidad Group; Sweet Honey in the Rock

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. African Diaspora Program 1974 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Sweet Honey in the Rock (Musical group)  Search this
Petit Valley Village Troupe (Performing troupe)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Haiti
Date:
1974 July 6
Contents:
Petit Valle--Vole--jam--Twenty women; Sweet Honey--we've come a long way--Going to see my baby--Hey ,mama--Jesus is my only friend
General note:
DPA number 74.201.09
Local Numbers:
FP-1974-7RR-0094
General:
74.201.09
CDR copy
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 6, 1974.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
World music -- Haiti  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1974, Item FP-1974-7RR-0094
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: African Diaspora / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1974-ref3252

Sweet Honey in the Rock; Sound System with Roger Hogan

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. African Diaspora Program 1974 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Sound System (Musical group)  Search this
Artist:
Sweet Honey in the Rock (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1974 July 6
Contents:
Sweet Honey--Jesus is my only friend (frag.)--Sound System--Alone together--Beard-o
General note:
DPA number 74.201.10
Local Numbers:
FP-1974-7RR-0095
General:
CDR copy
74.201.10
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 6, 1974.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1974, Item FP-1974-7RR-0095
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: African Diaspora / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1974-ref3255

Bernice Johnson Reagon Collection of African American Sacred Music

Consultant:
Richardson, Deborra  Search this
Collector:
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Names:
Chick Webb Orchestra  Search this
Hampton University Choir  Search this
Harmonizing Four  Search this
Jubilee Singers  Search this
Dett, Nathaniel  Search this
Dorsey, Thomas A.  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Tharpe, Rosetta  Search this
Tindley, Charles  Search this
Extent:
6.55 Cubic feet (17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1822-1994
Summary:
The collection documents the customs and culture of black gospel song and its performance in 19th- and 20th-century America. Dr. Reagon collected photographs, sheet music, and other primary and secondary sources chronicling the development and legacy of this medium, from the Civil War to the Civil Rights movement, from blues to Gospel to classical to jazz.

Among the subjects included in this collection are trailblazers such as Charles Tindley, Thomas A. Dorsey, Rosetta Tharpe, Duke Ellington, and Nathaniel Dett. Noted performers are the Fisk Jubilee Singers, the Harmonizing Four, the Hampton University Choir, and the Chick Webb Orchestra.
Scope and Contents:
The Bernice Johnson Reagon Collection of the African American Sacred Music Tradition documents the music, and the society, history, and customs from which it emerged. The materials were collected by Dr. Reagon during her tenure as Director of the Program in Black American Culture, Curator, and Curator Emerita at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (1977-1997). The records span the nineteenth century and greater part of the twentieth century. The collection is important because it allows an understanding of the interconnectivity of African American musical forms. Gospel, Jazz, and Protest Songs document the African experience in America through verse and melody. Dr. Reagon collected photographs, sheet music and other primary and secondary sources chronicling the development of African American sacred music tradition from its birth during the period of slavery through the creation of concert spiritual, gospel music, jazz and the performance of protest song in the century following Emancipation.

The records, which measure approximately six linear feet, contain photographs, sheet music, and what Dr. Reagon calls "cultural files" pertaining to figures in, types of, and history of African American music. The cultural file material formats include book, news and magazine articles, programs, bio-sketches, and music. Information about personalities such as Marian Anderson, La Verne Baker, Dorothy Love Coates, Nathaniel Dett, Thomas Dorsey, Frederick Douglass, Duke Ellington, and the Golden Gate Quartet are contained among the collection materials. Also, there are items on gospel trailblazers such as Charles Tindley, Thomas A. Dorsey, and Rosetta Tharpe. In addition, the collection features materials connected to historians and other scholars who participated in a number of teams Reagon organized to carry out specific research initiatives in sacred music traditions and the larger African American experience.

The collection, which was arranged by Dr. Reagon and staff, consists of four parts: a cultural file, a sheet music file, a photography file, and a negative file. The cultural file includes primary documents such as programs from historic performances, personal letters, press releases, and programs from scholarly conferences as well as secondary materials such as journal articles, excerpts from books, and biographical notes. The photography (and negative) files contain photographs of performers and scholars who have participated in the evolution of the African American sacred music tradition. The sheet music file encompasses songbooks and individual pieces of music.

Series 1: Cultural Files, ca. 1836 - 1994: The bulk of materials date from the 1920's to the 1960's. Four document boxes of materials which relate to prominent personalities, groups and events that contributed to the popularization of African American sacred music. Also included in this series is information on slave songs, the Civil War, the Black Church, the Civil Rights Movement, and popular music culture.

Series 2: Sheet Music, ca. 1901 - 1993: The bulk of materials date from the 1900's to the 1950's. Three document boxes of sacred music sheets and songbooks including concert, spiritual, and gospel arrangements. Also included are a few popular compositions, some written by classically trained musicians.

Series 3: Negative Files, ca. 1880's - 1993: The bulk of the materials ranges from 1940 to 1965. Two boxes document boxes of photographic negatives depicting gospel music performers and performances. Included .are contact sheets and individual negatives of varying sizes.

Series 4: Photographs and Illustrations, ca. 1822 - 1993: The bulk of materials range from the 1900's to the 1980's. Eight document boxes of photographs featuring gospel performers, performances, sacred rituals, sacred organizations, Civil Rights activity , and gospel music conferences (primarily black and white).
Biographical / Historical:
Bernice Johnson Reagon, noted vocalist, musician, curator, historian, writer and civil rights activist, provided the impetus for the Smithsonian Institution's research into African American sacred song and music traditions from 1977 until ca. 1997.

Dr. Reagon was born October 2, 1942 to a rural Georgia Baptist minister (Jesse Johnson) and his wife (Beatrice Wise) whose religious influence is evident in her research and performance style. She came of age during the 1960's Civil Rights era, and was a Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singer. The SNCC Freedom Singers were an African American group whose vocal singing style was an integral element in the civil rights struggles. The Singers traveled throughout the country performing protest songs such as "We Shall Not Be Moved" and "This Little Light of Mine". Their songs reflected the Black church theology of the era, emphasizing freedom, long denied, but fervently sought by civil rights activists and the people they represented.

At one march, Reagon was jailed along with hundreds of other demonstrators. This experience taught her the importance of music as a political act. Reagon reflected on this in the book We Who Believe in Freedom: Sweet Honey in the Rock... She founded Sweet Honey in the Rock, a highly regarded female a capella ensemble dedicated to performing traditional music of the African diaspora in 1973, started working full time at the Smithsonian Institution in 1974, and earned a Ph. D. from Howard University in 1975.

Reagon's life has combined political activism with music and cultural history. She began directing the Smithsonian's Program in Black American Culture in 1976. In 1988 she became a curator at the National Museum of American History and after retirement in 1993 continued her work in African American songs of protest and sacred traditions as a curator emeritus at the Smithsonian and a distinguished professor at American University.

Dr. Reagon has authored and edited numerous publications including, We'll Understand It Better By and By: African American Pioneering Gospel Composers, (Smithsonian Press, 1992) and We Who Believe in Freedom: Sweet Honey in the Rock...Still on the Journey (Anchor Books, 1993). She was principal scholar, producer and host of the National Public Radio series "Wade in the Water: African American Sacred Music Traditions (1994). Dr. Reagon has served as consultant composer and performer for several film and video projects including programs for PBS,"Eye on the Prize" (Blackside Productions) and "We Shall Overcome" (Ginger Productions), and has won a number of awards for her scholarship and pioneering work (MacArthur Fellowship, 1989; the Charles Frankel Prize,1995 and the Isadora Duncan award, 1996).
Provenance:
Collection donated by Bernice Johnson Reagon.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0653
See more items in:
Bernice Johnson Reagon Collection of African American Sacred Music
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0653
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