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Lehigh Valley Railroad Records

Source:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
3.25 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Payrolls
Blueprints
Reports
Date:
1882-1936.
Scope and Contents note:
Papers and photographs relating to the infrastructure of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, including correspondence, blueprints, inspection reports, plat books, and photographs of tracks and bridges. .
Biographical/Historical note:
The Lehigh Valley Railroad was incorporated in 1846 as the Delaware, Lehigh, Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad Company. In 1853, the name was changed to Lehigh Valley Railroad. It was one of a number of railroads built in the northeastern United States primarily to haul anthracite coal.
Related Archival Materials:
Additional Lehigh Valley Railroad Company Records are at the Pennsylvania State Archives.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Division of Work and Industry,,National Museum of American History, 12th Street and Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20560.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad bridges  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1920-1940
Correspondence
Payrolls
Blueprints
Reports
Citation:
Lehigh Valley Railroad Records, 1882-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1046
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1046

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records

Collector:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co.  Search this
Names:
Atlantic City Railroad  Search this
Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad  Search this
Reading Belt Railroad  Search this
Bines, William H.  Search this
Boggs, George B.  Search this
Buckholz, Charles W.  Search this
Byers, Charles E.  Search this
Chamberlain, E.C.  Search this
Davis, N.M.  Search this
Gowen, Franklin B.  Search this
Jamison, Robert  Search this
Keim, George DeB  Search this
Lorenz, William  Search this
Manning, Charles P.  Search this
Nichols, Henry K.  Search this
Rice, George  Search this
Richardson, F.E.  Search this
Royers, John H.  Search this
Steele, J. Dutton  Search this
Thompson, J.W.  Search this
Whitney, E.S.  Search this
Wilson, H.T.  Search this
Wootten, John E.  Search this
Yarington, T.O.  Search this
Zacharias, H.C.  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (55 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence
Place:
Lackawanna County (Pa.)
Luzerne County (Pa.)
Cressona (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Norristown (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
New Jersey
Sumerton (Pa.)
Cheltenham (Pa.)
Sunbury (Pa.)
Reading (Pa.)
Trenton (N.J.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Date:
1860-1936
Summary:
Collection of engineering reports and correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was most used for the transportation of anthracite coal within Pennsylvania from 1833 through the early 1970s.
Scope and Contents:
Primarily outgoing correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company, the remainder being engineering reports and other miscellaneous papers.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks consists of 219 volumes from various engineers, each with own index (1865-1892): were generated by Chief Engineer, Assistant Chief Engineer, various resident engineers, other lower-level engineers, and the Chief Road-Master. Bulk of copybooks created by William H. Bines and Henry K. Nichols during long careers with the Philadelphia & Reading. Other volumes contain letters and reports by Charles W. Buckholz, Charles E. Byers, William Lorenz, and others. Correspondence covers all aspects of the engineering operations of the railroad, much of it at highest levels, being addressed to the Presidents of the Reading. Also includes one letterbook from John E. Wooten (1865), Superintendent.

Series 2: Reports of Chief Engineer to Auditor, 1908-1910; structural design calculation notebooks, 1901-1935; right of way deeds, 1903; and tracings of assorted machine parts.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks

Series 2: Reports and Miscellaneous papers
Biographical / Historical:
This railroad was chartered in 1833 to provide low-cost transportation from the Schuylkill and Mahanoy anthracite coal fields in eastern Pennsylvania to Philadelphia. Main line from Philadelphia to Pottsville opened 1842. Reading expanded by acquiring other railroads, and by 1869 had monopoly of coal traffic from Schuylkill anthracite region.

Expansion accelerated when Franklin B. Gowen became president (1869) and attempted to dominate entire anthracite trade. Purchased Schuylkill Canal (1870) to eliminate competition for coal trade; then organized the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company in 1871 to purchase and operate coal mines; secured over 40 percent of U.S. anthracite reserves, but debt incurred led railroad to bankruptcy and receivership (1880). Gowen's reckless style drove the Reading into second receivership (1886), and he was forced to resign.

Gowen's Successor, Archibald A. McLeod, tried to increase company control over anthracite trade (1892-1893), then control of several New England railroads. The Reading went bankrupt again and McLeod was ousted. In a reorganization (1896), the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad and the Coal & Iron Company became properties of the Reading Company, a holding company. Later additions to system were infrequent and largely confined to short branches and improvements inalignment. Due to anti-trust proceedings, company divested mining subsidiary (1923) and merged wholly owned railroad companies into an operating company. Acquired Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroad 1963, went bankrupt in early 1970s, and conveyed portions of its lines to Conrail (1976). The reorganized Reading Company retains real estate and other non-rail holdings.
Related Materials:
Hagley Museum & Library, Manuscripts & Archives Department, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington, Delaware 19807.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Reading Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1960s.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad accidents  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Railroads -- New Jersey  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Coal mines and mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Coal -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Railroad engineers  Search this
Coal -- Transportation  Search this
Anthracite coal industry  Search this
Railroads -- Surveying  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Signalling  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0208
See more items in:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0208

Railway maintenance : the men and machines that keep the railroads running / Brian Solomon

Author:
Solomon, Brian 1966-  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2001
Topic:
Railroads--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_716480

Track labor cost data / by Bruce V. Crandall

Author:
Crandall, Bruce V (Bruce Verne) b. 1873  Search this
Physical description:
110 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1920
C1920
Topic:
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads--Employees  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_614228

Bulletin / American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association

Author:
American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Railroad engineering--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
TF1 .A44
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_508142

Bulletin of the American Railway Engineering Association

Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Railroad engineering--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
TF1 .A44
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_508143

Bulletin / American Railway Engineering Association

Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Railroad engineering--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
TF1 .A44
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_508144

Railway track & structures cyclopedia

Title:
Railway track and structure cyclopedia
Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Association of American Railroads Signal Section  Search this
Physical description:
854 p. : illus. ; 30 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Date:
1955
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Call number:
TF240 .R35 1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_546826

Operation of railroads : maintenance of way and structures / War Department

Title:
Maintenance of way and structures
Author:
United States War Department  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Military Railway Service  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 124 p. : ill. ; 17 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1945
Topic:
Military railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Military railroads--Management  Search this
Call number:
UG345 .U58 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_546829

Improvements at Defiance, Ohio, June-November 1916 / Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company

Author:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company  Search this
Physical description:
[35] leaves : all ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ohio
Defiance
Date:
1916
[1916]
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF530 .B19 1916
TF530.B19 1916
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_401762

Manual of recommended practice for railway engineering and maintenance of way, containing the definitions, specifications and principles of practice adopted and recommended by the American railway engineering and maintenance of way association. Publication approved by the Board of direction

Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Physical description:
291 p. illus., fold. tables, diagrs. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1907
[1907?]
Topic:
Railway Engineering  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF145 .A51 1907
TF145.A51 1907
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_436659

[Trade catalogs on turret lathes, turret lathe tools and equipment: turning equipment, turret screw machines, chucking tools, bushings and bearings, bar tools, cross slide tools, holding devices, dimension drawings; iron and brass working machine tools; crawler, rubber-tired, self-propelled and railroad model construction, excavating and maintenance equipment: hydraulic backhoes, 4-wheel drive hydraulic loader and automatic attachments, excavators, multi-purpose earth moving and construction machine and quick-change attachments, track mount or crawler, multi-purpose railroad maintenance machine, and hydraulic ditch cleaner; planers, milling, boring, and drilling machines; astronomical instruments; hydraulic surface grinders, new and rebuilt grinding machines and attachments, and Ring Master cutting machine]

Author:
Warner & Swasey  Search this
G.A. Gray Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<186> v. : ill. (some col.)
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1887
1887-
Topic:
Lathes  Search this
Lathes--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Turning--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Excavating machinery  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Cleaning--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Planer saws--Catalogs  Search this
Milling machinery  Search this
Drilling and boring machinery  Search this
Astronomical instruments  Search this
Grinding machines  Search this
Grinding machines--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Duplex Beaver (Brand name)  Search this
Hopto (Brand name)  Search this
Insta-Hitch (Brand name)  Search this
Snap-Mount (Brand name)  Search this
Hopto Snap-Mount (Brand name)  Search this
Gradall (Brand name)  Search this
Hydro-Scopic (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
47919
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_469206

Construction and maintenance of railway roadbed and track : arranged and compiled from authoritative sources with an exhaustive description of railway surveys and construction / by Frederick J. Prior

Author:
Prior, Frederick John 1858-  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 569, xv p., [7] leaves of plates (folded) : ill. ; 17 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1908
Topic:
Railroads--Design and construction  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Call number:
TF200 .P95 1908
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485954

Railway reporter

Author:
Railway Reporter Company  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 32-39 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1880
1880-
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Railroads--Employees--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Equipment and supplies--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
HE1001 .R153
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_487326

Maintenance of way rules, Military Railway Service / War Department, 4 February 1944

Author:
United States War Department  Search this
Subject:
United States War Department Military Railway Service  Search this
Physical description:
175 p. : ill. ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1944
Topic:
Military railroads  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
UG345 .U58 1944
UG345.U58 1944
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_321085

Railroad Department repair bulletin / U.S. Wind Engine & Pump Co

Title:
Repair bulletin
Author:
U.S. Wind Engine & Pump Co  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Water towers--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Pumping machinery--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF340 .R152
TF340.R152
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_204413

Railroad lubrication manual / Simmons Boardman Publishing Corp., Educational Division

Author:
Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation Educational Division  Search this
Shell Oil Company  Search this
Physical description:
43 p. : ill. ; 16 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
Topic:
Railroads--Lubrication  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF530 .S59 1977
TF530.S59 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_204722

Painting of railway equipment, by B. E. Miller

Author:
Miller, Bernard Ernest 1863-  Search this
Physical description:
5 p. l., 47, [2], 41, [2], 39, [14] p. illus. 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1924
[c1924]
Topic:
Painting, Industrial  Search this
Railroads--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TT305.M625X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_296567

Rules of the Maintenance of Way Department

Author:
Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada  Search this
Subject:
Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada  Search this
Physical description:
125 p. : ill. ; 16 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1916
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
HE2810.G65 A1
HE2810.G65A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_112015

The Track cyclopedia / compiled and edited in cooperation with the Association of American Railroads ; contributing editors, Richard G. Barker ... [et al.]

Author:
Barker, Richard G  Search this
Association of American Railroads  Search this
Physical description:
342 p. in various pagings : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
Topic:
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads--Track--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF240 .T75 1978
TF240.T75 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_116132

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