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Virginia Drew Watson papers

Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Cole, J. David, 1941-  Search this
Extent:
8.13 Linear feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Brazil
Papua New Guinea
Mato Grosso (Brazil : State)
Papua New Guinea -- Social life and customs
Papua New Guinea -- Antiquities
Date:
1930-2001
Summary:
Virginia Drew Watson was a cultural anthropologist best known for her work in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Her papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. The majority of the field work relates to her work in Papua New Guinea, both with her husband (James B. Watson) and with J. David Cole, but there are also materials related to her work in Brazil.
Scope and Contents:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. Her work could be conveniently separated into four areas: Brazil, Plains and Caddo Indians, Papua New Guinea ethnographic, and Papua New Guinea archaeology with Cole. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. Most of the correspondence is with colleagues doing related work in other museums or universities in the United States or Australia. A small part of the correspondence is with friends, including missionaries, who report relevant information of interest. The collection includes original field notes from Brazil, including notes from a lecture by Radcliffe-Brown in 1943. There are also original field notes from the Tairora, Agarabi, and Gadsup groups in Highland New Guinea. In addition, this collection includes a list of Watson's publications, a copy of most of them, and some reviews.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: (1) Correspondence, 1930s-2000; (2) Brazil, 1943-1955, 1966; (3) New Guinea, 1949-2000; (4) Manuscripts, 1939-2001; (5) Books/Monographs, 1942-1977, 1997; (6) Slides of PEHNG Archeological Sites, 1965-1973, undated
Biographical Note:
Virginia Drew Watson was born on June 17, 1918, in Tomah, Wisconsin. Her undergraduate work was completed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she received a PhB in Sociology (1940). She conducted graduate work for both AM (1943) and PhD (1965) degrees at the University of Chicago. She was a Fellow of both the American Anthropological Association and the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Virginia Watson's early work was in archaeology, but later she pursued both archaeology and socio-cultural anthropology. She married James B. Watson, a cultural anthropologist, in 1943. During that year they went to Brazil, where Virginia Watson's work was primarily ethnographic among the Cayua Indians of Mato Grosso. On the trip returning from the field to Sao Paulo the Watsons stopped at the archaeological site of Ciudad Real del Guayra. From 1944 to 1945 Watson worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The Watsons made two trips to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The first, 1954-1955, was funded by the Ford Foundation. Watson focused on socio-cultural aspects of the Tairora and Agarabi groups, and her work resulted in the 1965 publication of her dissertation, "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change." The Watsons' second Papua New Guinea trip was in 1963-1964. It was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and focused on the Tairora and Gadsup groups. For Virginia Watson, the second trip was partly connected to archaeological work previously carried out by J. David Cole. Due to illness, he was unable to analyze the mass of material (25,000 objects) that he had collected. Watson analyzed the material and produced publications, one of which was in collaboration with Cole.

Virginia Watson often held one or more part-time positions. As a graduate student in 1942, she was a part-time Lecturer in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. On returning from Brazil, the Watsons moved to Oklahoma University in Norman for one year. There, Watson supervised archeology students in sorting and putting in order the university collection of artifacts as well as directing them in the field. From 1948 to 1953 Watson was a Lecturer at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, and she also directed students in field work. During the St. Louis years the Watsons spent two summers studying the Anglo-Spanish community in Colorado. From 1957 to 1963 she was a Lecturer at Seattle University and from 1961 to 1971 she was also an Occasional Lecturer at the University of Washington, Seattle. From 1969 to 1989 Watson held the position of Affiliate Curator at the Burke Museum, University of Washington. After she retired, Virginia Watson spent her winters in Florida and her summers in Boulder, Colorado.

Virginia Watson died in 2007.

Sources Consulted

Watson, Virgina Drew. "Curriculum vitae, 2001, For National Anthropological Archives." Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

"James Watson III." Bangor Daily News, December 10, 2009.

Chronology

1918 -- Born on June 17 in Tomah, Wisconsin

1940 -- Earned PhB in Sociology from University of Wisconsin-Madison

1942 -- Lecturer in archaeology at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1943 -- Earned AM from University of Chicago Married James B. Watson Field research of the Cayua Indians, Mato Grosso, Brazil

1944-1945 -- Worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil

1947 -- Special Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma, Norman

1948-1953 -- Lecturer in anthropology and archaeology at Washington University in St. Louis

1949-1950 -- Field research of the Anglo-Spanish community, Del Norte, Colorado

1953-1955 -- First field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1957-1963 -- Lecturer in anthropology at Seattle University

1961-1971 -- Lecturer in anthropology at the University of Washington, Seattle

1963-1964 -- Second field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1965 -- Earned PhD from the University of Chicago Published dissertation: "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change"

1969-1989 -- Affiliate Curator of Melanesian Archaeology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington

2007 -- Died
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also has the papers of Virginia D. Watson's husband, James Bennett Watson.
Provenance:
Virginia Drew Watson donated her papers to the National Anthropological Archives in 2002.
Restrictions:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers are open for research.

Access to the Virginia Drew Watson papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-12
See more items in:
Virginia Drew Watson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2002-12

Zuni Olla Maidens 1

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Xghe46FfqM4

Zuni Olla Maidens 4

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_a9IgEnJItn8

Zuni Olla Maidens 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_qUJD95GmcsE

Native/American Fashion 15 | Virgil Ortiz

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-04-25T00:59:23Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_r5kNzTRfD1U

Zuni Olla Maidens 5

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-18T15:50:40Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_wclJ8mrxu3M

Design Dictionary: Ceramics

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-06-17T13:07:39Z
Topic:
Design  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Gt3AKhC115M

Olivier Van Herpt - 3D Printed Ceramic Process

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-02-10T20:52:22Z
Topic:
Design  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_leHDnmX_cpg

Euskal Zeramika (Basque Pottery)

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-07-01T14:14:03Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_527Ui6BsG5c

Tibetan Black Pottery

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2020-04-14T22:32:18Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_B_G3qRQ7hzw

Dr. Alexander Benitez, Archaeologist: Central American Ceramics Research Project (Presentation)

Creator:
Smithsonian Education  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2013-09-12T15:57:37Z
Topic:
Education  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianEducation
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianEducation
Data Source:
Smithsonian Education
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_2J0Y8gG5guM

1960 Limoges, France

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-12-31T15:26:07Z
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_6v0DqWAQNC4

1958 Sololá - Guatemala

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2013-07-12T18:37:38Z
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_mCeRvYly3Ws

Meleagris gallopavo tularosa Schorger

Collector:
W. Hough  Search this
Preparation:
Skin: Whole
Remarks:
mummified
Sex:
Male
Type Citation:
Schorger. January 20, 1970. Auk. 87 (1): 169.
Type Status:
Type
Place:
Tularosa River, ancient cave at head, near Reserve, [Catron], New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1905
Common name:
Wild Turkey
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Aves, Galliformes, Phasianidae, Meleagridinae
Published Name:
Meleagris gallopavo tularosa Schorger
USNM Number:
477501
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Birds
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Birds Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38363f3d7-3a71-470b-9599-b434ecd85911
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_4100507
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326134-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e3cce17f-769b-4044-a15c-0b1279f8061d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394573
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326135-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30f8e385f-1cfb-4516-a0f8-f925634828e6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394574
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326136-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/390ac3f74-5862-44c2-a1d0-4a1ae81b8006
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394575
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326137-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/319ee464c-815e-4d9b-af17-c5f1d8d177ef
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394576
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico (not certain), North America (not certain) / Africa (not certain)
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326138-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3fd095435-7445-441e-bcd4-a18ec68b2ab1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394577
Online Media:

Pottery Vase

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Object Type:
Vase
Place:
Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326139-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39c29a3e1-e2da-49c2-a2bc-6f7f4d411e8e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394578
Online Media:

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