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William M. Rau Steamship Collection

Collector:
Rau, William M., 1929-2007  Search this
Donor:
Ellis, Katherine  Search this
Ellis, Katherine  Search this
Extent:
100 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Advertisements
Brochures
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Calendars
Menus
Blueprints
Scrapbooks
Date:
1900 - 2007
Scope and Contents:
Approximately 100 cubic feet of photographs, slides, postcards, scrapbooks, brochures, artwork, drawings, and other ephemera documenting engine-powered vessels of the international maritime industry.

Brochures: The brochures are from international passenger lines and cruise lines. They detail both individual ships and shipping lines; they also detail features and services offered by the ship and crew.

Photographs: The photographs, which are captioned, depict ships of all kinds and sizes and in various locales. Some are of specific elements and equipment in the ships, including design elements.

Scrapbooks: Contain photographs, postcards, menus, brochures and flyers, advertisements and clippings. The majority cover passenger and cargo lines, whlie others are on regions or specific topics.

Postcard: include both commercially printed images and photographic postcards sent to Rau by friends.

Drawings and oversized materials, include blueprints of ships, dock and harbor facilities; artwork; posters; maps and charts; maritime calendars, large photographs, and miscellany.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks

Series 2: Brochures

Series 3: Photographs and slides

Series 4: Postcards

Series 5: Drawings and oversized materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Rau was a Navy veteran and later an officer of the court for New York State and New York City until he retired in 1989. From 1989-2006, he served as the editor of the maritime historical publication of the Steamship Historical Society of America.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Katherine Ellis, daughter of William Rau, through his estate, 2013.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Ocean liners  Search this
Ferries  Search this
Cruise ships  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Steamboats  Search this
Ships  Search this
Shipping  Search this
Passenger ships  Search this
Tourism  Search this
Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Advertisements
Brochures
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Calendars
Menus -- 20th century
Blueprints
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
William M. Rau Steamship Collection, 1900-2007, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1306
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1306

White, Edmunds, and Fallen Family Papers

Source:
Carter, Ethel H.  Search this
Former owner:
Carter, Ethel H.  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1894-1978, undated
Summary:
Collection documents the personal and working lives of tenant farmer Julius Lee White, who worked on a tobacco farm in Ringgold, Virginia, and those of his extended family.
Content Description:
Collection of papers relating to family, work, and African American life in Virginia, and Maryland. It documents the personal and working lives of tenant farmer Julius Lee White and his extended family. The papers are particularly important regarding tobacco farming and the precarious financial nature of this type of work. The papers concern three groups the White, Edmunds, and Fallen families who are connected through the marriage of Julius Lee White and Geraldine Edmunds. These papers consist of material generated by the families in their personal and working lives and are especially strong in 20th century material. They consist of financial papers including bills, receipts, and statements relating to utilities, insurance, medical matters, housing, automobiles, loans, banking, work (such as pay statements), taxes, and other such concerns; bills of sale for tobacco; greeting cards, postcards and letters; ephemera such as trading stamps, coupons, premiums; church related materials such as programs, a hymnal, religious tracts and other printed material; the personal papers of a World War II soldier including a 1909 letter and selective service documents; and numerous portrait photographs of family members, as well as candid photographs. The collection is divided into four series: Series 1, White family papers, Series 2, Edmunds family papers, Series 3, Fallen family papers, and Series 4, Photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series:

Series 1, White Family Papers, 1906-1978

Subseries 1.1, Julius Lee White, 1943-1978

Subseries 1.2, Geraldine White, 1950-1973

Subseries 1.3, Family Papers, 1906-1971

Series 2, Edmunds Family Papers, 1936-19701

Subseries 2.1, Thomas B. Edmunds, 1945-1970

Subseries 2.2, General Family Papers, 1936-1955

Series 3, Fallen Family Papers, 1949-1971

Series 4, Photographs, 1948-1967
Related Materials:
Tractor-pulled tobacco planter, Accession Number 1989.0600.01

Hand-held tobacco planter, Accession Number 1989.0600.02

Three wooden hand-held tobacco planting pegs, Accession Number 1989.0600.02

Ten assorted wall calendars, all advertising in nature, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.02

One sign: "Jesus is the head of this home,", Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.03

Admiral table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.04

Sonora table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.05

Silvertone table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.06

Sears and Roebuck table radio, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.07

Fourteen assorted burlap fertilizer sacks, Nonaccession Number 1990.3016.08
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ethel H. Carter, along with several three- dimensional objects in 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bills of Sale -- Tobacco  Search this
Church bulletins -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Financial records -- 20th century  Search this
Greeting cards -- 20th century  Search this
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century  Search this
Military records -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Religious tracts -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Trading stamps -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Tenant farmers -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Tobacco -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1444
See more items in:
White, Edmunds, and Fallen Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1444

Aladdin Industries, Inc. Records

Creator:
Johnson, Victor S., Sr., 1882-1943  Search this
Johnson, Victor, Jr., 1906-  Search this
Aladdin Industries, Inc. (Nashville, Tenn.).  Search this
Names:
Allen, Steve  Search this
Reagan, Ronald  Search this
Extent:
50 Cubic feet (120 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Newsletters
Commercial art
Picture postcards
Laboratory notebooks
Patents
Design drawings
Business records
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Date:
1889-2003
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of approximately 50 cubic feet of material documenting Aladdin Industries Inc., manufacturers of vacuum ware and lunch boxes. The majority of the material dates from 1947 to the 1970s. The strength of the collection is with the lunch box documentation and product development, marketing, and sales records. There is some interesting labor history—specifically United Steel Workers agreement. The files of Victor S. Johnson, Sr. and Victor S. Johnson, Jr. form the core of the collection and provide rich documentation on the company's activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seventeen series.

Series 1: Historical and Background Materials, 1919-1997

Series 2: Victor S. Johnson Sr. Files, 1916-1945

Series 3: Victor S. Johnson Jr. Files, 1906-1983

Series 4: Employee and Personnel Records, 1910-2001

Series 5: Research and Development Records, 1910-1976

Series 6: Patent Records, 1889-1973

Series 7: Sales Records, 1939-2000

Series 8: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1931-2001

Series 9: School Lunch Kits, 1952-1989

Series 10: Lamps and Kerosene Heaters, 1911-2000

Series 11: Temp-Rite, 1972-2000

Series 12: Competitors, 1963-2001

Series 13: Style Guides, 1966-1998

Series 14: Newsletters, 1943-1998

Series 15: Photographs, 1923-1986

Series 16: Scrapbooks, 1908-1962

Series 17: Audiovisual Materials, 1993-1996
Biographical / Historical:
Victor Samuel Johnson Sr., (1882-1943) was born in Nebraska. As a soap salesman for the Iowa Soap Company, he became interested in kerosene mantle burners. Dissatisfied with the available kerosene lamps, he began selling and dealing U.S. made mantles and incorporated the Mantle Lamp Company of America in Chicago in 1908. Johnson selected the name "Aladdin" from the famous story, "Aladdin; or The Wonderful Lamp." Johnson began research and development of a mantle lamp that gave off a steady white light and did not smoke. The Mantle Lamp Company began manufacturing lamps in 1912, with Plume & Atwood Manufacturing Company burners, and marketed them as "Aladdin Lamps." The company diversified in 1917 and began producing insulated cooking dishes, known as Aladdin Thermalware jars, for the U.S. military. These jars had an aluminum or steel jacket wrapped around a heavy glass receptacle. The space between was filled with cork. The introduction of the thermalware began the company's venture into heat and cold retaining receptacles.

In 1919, Johnson organized a subsidiary of the Mantle Lamp Company of America, Aladdin Industries, Inc., to market and sell the Aladdin thermalware jars and vacuum ware. At the same time, Mantle lamp Company of America formed Aladdin Limited in Canada and England to sell thermalware as well as Pathfinder Radio Corporation, Cadillac Photograph Corporation, Aladdin Chemical Corporation, Aladdin Phonograph Corporation, Johnson Laboratories, Inc. (radio components), and Aladdin Radio Industries (magnetic and radio research). Pathfinder, Cadillac, Aladdin Chemical and Aladdin Phonograph all failed. In 1926, the Mantle Lamp Company acquired Lippincott Glass Company of Alexandria, Indiana, where it manufactured and fabricated glass chimneys, shades and lamp bases, mantles, wicks, and metal lamp bases. The Alexandria plant closed in 1952 and eventually moved to Nashville.

In 1943, Victor S. Johnson Sr. died and his son, Victor S. Johnson Jr. (1906-), succeeded him as president of Aladdin Industries Inc. Johnson Jr. moved Aladdin from Chicago to Nashville, Tennessee in 1949 to place the company strategically in mid-America to distribute its products. Aladdin's general offices, vacuum bottle production, and electric lamps and kerosene completed the move by 1952.

In 1950, Aladdin began illustrating flat metal school lunch kits (lunch boxes with liquid containers) with images of popular radio, movie and television figures. Hopalong Cassidy was the first character kit. This innovative marketing decision produced an explosive growth in the lunch kit market and made Aladdin a pioneer in image licensing. Character lunch boxes became a large part of the childhood experience and are collector's items today. Over the years, Aladdin extended the range of characters depicted and began manufacturing plastic and soft, vinyl lunch kits with printed themes. It also introduced "3D" embossing on the flat metal kits. Embossed metal lunch kits were completely phased out in 1986 due to high production costs. In addition to the school lunch kits, Aladdin also introduced wide mouth vacuum bottles (pint and quart size) in 1953. The wide mouth bottles also carried "adult" themes such as the "Angler" fisherman's bottle. The thermosware line eventually moved from metal to plastic jackets and from a glass insulated filler to foam.

In 1965, Aladdin purchased the Stanley steel bottle operation from Landers, Frary and Clark in New Britain, Connecticut. Aladdin's diversification strategy led to the introduction in 1968 of the Temp-Rite® meal distribution plan, an insulated thermal tray service for hospitals, the airline industry, and prisons. The Temp-Rite® system gave rise to a full line of products and services and Aladdin formed a subsidiary, known as Aladdin Synergetics, Inc., to handle its health care and food service operations. Aladdin Synergetics was sold to Welbilt Corporation in 1998; the new operation was named Aladdin Temp-Rite. Other products added over the years included electric lamps, shades, kerosene stoves, and an electronics division in 1956. This division was established from a small technical research group whose function was patent licensing. As a subsidiary of Aladdin Industries, it produced transformers and radio and telephone filters. The subsidiary was sold to Vernitron in October, 1979.

At various times, Aladdin established offices in Alexandria, Indiana; Chicago, Illinois; Nashville, Tennessee; Portland Oregon, Canada; Hungry; France; Australia, New Zealand; England; Iraq, Iran, Brazil, Japan, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Uruguay, France, Germany, Iceland, Sweden, and South Africa to market and sell its products.

Aladdin was financially mismanaged in the 1990s and rapidly declined. Aladdin Industries Inc. reorganized in 1999 and became known as Aladdin Industries LLC. High labor costs and unsuccessful efforts to develop new products led to further decline. By January, 2002, Aladdin had sold its remaining product lines and closed its Nashville plant. Aladdin lamps are still sold today by the Aladdin Mantle Lamp Company of Clarksville, Tennessee.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Cultural History, National Museum of American History, holds 30 lunch boxes and 28 thermos bottles from Aladdin Industries, Nashville, Tennessee. Additionally, there is a pair of lamps. See Accession 2003.0255. Although the children's steel lunch boxes predominate, the collection represents the full spectrum of Aladdin box designs including vinyl, hard plastic, and fabric.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Aladdin Industries in 2003.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Lunchboxes  Search this
Character merchandising  Search this
Celebrities  Search this
Food containers  Search this
Food container industry  Search this
Thermos bottles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 20th century
Commercial art
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Laboratory notebooks
Patents -- 20th century
Design drawings -- 1950-2000
Business records -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Aladdin Industries, Inc. Records, 1889-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0844
See more items in:
Aladdin Industries, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0844
Online Media:

Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection

Collector:
Meyerson, Daniel H.  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (43 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Magazines (periodicals)
Guidebooks
Press releases
Picture postcards
Bulletins
Date:
1915-2000
undated
Summary:
The collection primarily documents through press releases, news bulletins, guidebooks, souvenirs, maps, ephemera and related publications world's fairs occurring after 1960.
Scope and Contents:
The strength of this collection lies in the documentation of world's fairs occurring after 1960. There is a substantial amount of material for the 1964/1965 New York World's Fair, International and Universal Exposition or Expo 67 (Montreal, Canada), HemisFair '68 (San Antonio, Texas), Japan World Exposition or Expo '70 (Osaka, Japan), International Exposition on the Environment or Expo '74 (Spokane, Washington), International Ocean Exposition or Expo '75 (Okinawa, Japan), International Energy Exposition or 1982 World's Fair (Knoxville, Tennessee), Expo '86 (Vancouver, Canada), and Expo '88 (Brisbane, Australia). These materials were originally assembled by Eugene Kaeck, who created and managed the non-profit organization San Francisco Archive and Research Center for World's Fairs and Expositions, Incorporated. After Kaeck's death his home and its contents were purchased by Daniel Meyerson. The collection contains some of the correspondence from the San Francisco Archive and Research Center for World's Fairs and Expositions, Incorporated but primarily consists of material that was created for fair goers. These materials inform the consumer about activities, amusements, pavilions, eating establishments and offer tips about getting around the grounds. Included among these materials are guidebooks, press releases, news bulletins, brochures, schedules, postcards, souvenirs, maps, fact sheets and ephemera. There is also a substantial amount of material created by the hospitality industry that relates to tourism including lodging accommodations, transportation and sightseeing opportunities. Mostly created by transportation and lodging companies, the materials include maps, guides, tickets, brochures and tour books. In addition publications including magazines, newspapers and books discuss the history of world's fairs as well as the theme, significance, corporate participants and achievements of individual expos dating before, during and after the fair.

The collection is arranged into two series. Series one includes fairs sanctioned by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE). The materials are arranged in chronological order. Series two consists of other celebrations around the world including the Prague International Fair, Festival of Britain, Soviet Exhibition of Science, Technology, and Cuture, Mexican National Fair, Alaska Centennial, First World Exhibition of Transport and Communications and the International Garden Show in Amsterdam. There is a substantial amount of material from the Canadian National Exhibition, 1977-1981. These materials are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
Series 1, World Expositions, 1915-2000, undated

Series 2, Other Celebrations, 1949-1994, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Daniel H. Meyerson was San Francisco antiques dealer.
Provenance:
Collection was donated by Daniel H. Meyerson in 2000 in honor of Mel Seiden.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1960-1990  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures -- 1950-2000
Magazines (periodicals) -- 1950-1980
Guidebooks
Press releases
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Bulletins
Citation:
Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0745
See more items in:
Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0745
Online Media:

Archives Center Postcard Collection

Collector:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Donor:
Eudaily, Daniel  Search this
Flautt Antiques. Calvin R.  Search this
Franklin, Sue  Search this
Fry, Robert E.  Search this
Groves, Ruth Ann Empie  Search this
Johnson, Marjorie  Search this
Otto, Carlin, Ms.  Search this
Ravnitzky, Michael  Search this
Rupp, Gloria  Search this
Creator:
Fogel, Byron J.  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gocards
Picture postcards
Date:
20th-21st centuries
Scope and Contents:
Postcards, arranged by geographical area or by the subjects. Collection includes two boxes of "GoCards" (freely distributed commercial postcards) as well.
Arrangement:
1 series. Geographically and topically arranged.
Provenance:
The collection consists of materials found in collections, gifts from museum staff, and unsolicited gifts from the public.

Donated by Gloria A. Rupp (1980); purchased from Calvin R. Flautt Antiques (1987); donated by Marjorie Johnson (1990); donated by Susan elsass (1993); donated by Dolores Scott (1994); donated by Morrill B. Donnald (1999); donated by Claire Reilly (1999) donated by Michael Ravnitzky (2007); Gretchen Redd (2007); Ruth Ann Empie Groves (2008); Robert E. Fry (2008); Daniel Eudaily (2008); Byron Jeffrey Fogel (2008); Sue Franklin (2009); and Carlin Otto (2013)
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
GoCards
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Citation:
Archives Center Postcard Collection, twentieth century, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0483
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0483
Online Media:

William L. Bird Postcard Collection

Source:
Bird, William L.  Search this
Former owner:
Bird, William L.  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (19 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Place:
United States -- description and travel
Date:
1900-1990
Summary:
Collection consists of postcards on numerous subjects.
Content Description:
Postcards, on numerous subjects including American architecture, infrastructure, attractions, businesses, and travel related subjects.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Airports  Search this
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Beaches  Search this
Bridges -- United States  Search this
Cities and towns  Search this
Dams  Search this
Highways  Search this
Hotels  Search this
Kitsch -- United States  Search this
Museums -- United States  Search this
National parks  Search this
Restaurants -- United States  Search this
Shopping malls -- United States  Search this
State parks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Citation:
William L. Bird Postcard Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1465
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1465

Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers

Creator:
Kingston Trio  Search this
Reynolds, Nick, 1933-2008  Search this
Source:
Kingston Trio Legacy Project  Search this
Reynolds, Leslie  Search this
Former owner:
Kingston Trio Legacy Project  Search this
Reynolds, Leslie  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Cubic feet (4 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Business records
Business letters
Fliers (printed matter)
Legal records
Letters (correspondence)
Posters
Photographs
Programs
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Date:
1950-2014
Summary:
The collection documents Nick Reynolds, a member of the vocal music group, the Kingston Trio.
Content Description:
The collection documents the life and career of Nick Reynolds, one of the members of the Kingston Trio folk music group. Included in the collection are: a scrapbook approximately covering the years 1958-1970, and including such things as articles, photographs, and flyers announcing appearances by the Trio; letters, including fan mail, and a large set of letters and cards sent by member Nick Reynolds to his parents; postcards; business and legal papers, especially relating to a 1981 reunion; programs; songbooks and sheet music; posters advertising appearances; a book about the Trio; articles and miscellaneous printed materials.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Reynolds, Nick, Personal Papers, 1950-2014, undated

Series 2: Kingston Trio Papers and Ephemera, 1956-2013, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The history of the original Kingston Trio and its subsequent permutations has been well chronicled. The group came to national prominence in 1958 during the folk music revival of the 1950s and 1960s. At that time the trio consisted of Dave Guard, Bob Shane, and Nick Reynolds. Their first album released in 1958 contained their first gold record, Tom Dooley. Success continued for the trio but in 1961, Dave Guard left the group and John Stewart joined the group as his replacement. The group continued to have a successful run, their cover of Where Have All the Flowers Gone? and Greenback Dollar made the Billboard Top Ten chart in 1961 and 1963 respectively. The group in its configuration of Reynolds, Shane, and Stewart ceased actively performing in June 1967. Subsequent incarnations of the group performed into the twenty-first century.

Nicholas (Nick) Wells Reynolds, tenor, was a founding member of the Kingston Trio. He was born in San Diego, California on July 27, 1933. His parents were Stewart S. and Jane Keck Reynolds. His father was a commander in the United States Navy. Reynolds attended schools in Coronado, California graduating in 1951 from Coronado High School. He graduated from Menlo College, Atherton, California in 1956.

Reynolds, Bob Shane (1934-2020) and Dave Guard (1934-1991) formed the Kingston Trio in the 1950s. Reynolds left the Trio in 1967 moving to Oregon. He rejoined the Trio in 1988 after recording the album Revenge of the Budgie in 1983, and remained with the group until retiring in 2003. Reynolds died in San Diego, California on October 1, 2008 survived by his third wife, Leslie Yerger Reynolds, and four children.

Sources

Family Search, 1940 United States Census, accessed July 9, 2019. Obituary, Nick Reynolds, The New York Times, October 2, 2008. Obituary, Nick Reynolds, The Los Angeles Times, October 3, 2008. Kingston Trio Legacy Project, (http://kingstontriolegacyproject.com) last accessed July 9, 2019.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Kingston Trio Legacy Project to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution in 2018.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk musicians  Search this
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Business letters
Fliers (printed matter)
Legal records -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 21st century
Posters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century -- Color prints
Programs -- Concerts -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Sheet music -- 20th century
Citation:
Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1472
See more items in:
Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1472

Jane and Michael Stern Collection

Creator:
Stern, Michael, 1946-  Search this
Stern, Jane  Search this
Extent:
17 Cubic feet (41 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Trade literature
Articles
Notes
Menus
Cookbooks
Brochures
Correspondence
Slides (photographs)
Writings
Business records
Postcards
Date:
1890-2008
Summary:
The collection documents Jane and Michael Stern's travels across the United States collecting data for their books on American material culture subjects, with particular emphasis on food and dining.
Scope and Contents:
The collection primarily consists of the raw materials amassed by Jane and Michael Stern as they traveled the United States, researching for their books on American material culture subjects, with particular emphasis on food and dining. These materials include writings, jottings and notes from their various stops while traveling; photographs and slides of places they visited; vintage postcards collected in their travels; paper ephemera such as take-out menus, placemats, etc.; large quantities of trade literature such as product cookbooks (some dating back to the 1920s), food packaging and brochures on food-related subjects, under headings such as "Meat, Fish, Game", "Parties, Etiquette, How-To", "Baking" and numerous others; trade literature on other material culture subjects the Sterns wrote books about with headings which include Rodeo, Cowboys, Indians" and many others; correspondence; business records, articles and clippings.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Research Documentation, 1975-2015, undated

Series 2: Product Cookbooks, and Trade Literature, 1890-1993, undated

Series 3: Photographs, Slides, and Transparencies, 1947-2008, undated

Series 4: Subject Files, 1910-1995

Series 5: Vintage Postcards, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Sterns are authors who compiled a popular series of books called Roadfood, in which they provide recommendations of restaurants, truck stops, diners, delis, bakeries and other food-related establishments in each United States. state serving classic American regional specialties. They are also authors of books about other American material culture subjects including truckers, cowboys, kitsch, and dog shows. They are frequent guests on public radio, and are regular contributors to magazine columns.
Related Materials:
Archives Center Business Americana Collection, dates

Archives Center Cookbook Collection, dates

Carolyn and Donald Grepke Paper Doll Collection, dates

Warshaew Collection of Buiness Americana, dates
Provenance:
Collection donated by Jane and Michael Stern, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobile travel -- United States  Search this
Diners -- United States  Search this
Bakeries -- United States  Search this
Restaurants -- United States  Search this
Truck stops -- United States  Search this
Cowboys -- United States  Search this
Roads -- United States  Search this
Delicatessens -- United States  Search this
Dining  Search this
Dog shows -- United States  Search this
Truck drivers -- United States  Search this
Rodeos -- United States  Search this
Food -- United States  Search this
Local foods -- United States  Search this
Kitsch -- United States  Search this
Material culture -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 21st century
Trade literature
Articles -- 21st century
Notes -- 20th century
Menus -- 20th century
Cookbooks -- 21st century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 21st century
Brochures -- 21st century
Cookbooks -- 20th century
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Writings
Business records -- 20th century
Articles -- 20th century
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Correspondence -- 20th century
Menus -- 21st century
Citation:
Jane and Michael Stern Collection, circa. 1920-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1392
See more items in:
Jane and Michael Stern Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1392
Online Media:

Ricki Covette Burlesque Collection

Creator:
Covette, Ricki  Search this
Donor:
Jewell, Irene  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Cubic feet (1 box, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Decals
Photographs
Clippings
Certificates
Theater programs
Scrapbooks
Letters (correspondence)
Advertisements
Brochures
Date:
1950 - 1980
Scope and Contents:
Six scrapbooks documenting the Burlesque career of Irene Jewell (stage name:Ricki Covette), who was billed as "The World's Tallest Exotic Dancer" at 6'8". The albums contain clippings; letters; certiicates; photographs, includng photographs of her act; ephemera, such as postcards, travel brochures, postcards and decals, from her travels; advertisements; and theater programs.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1926 in Alberta, Canada, Covette (Irene Jewell) had a twenty year career in show business, including theater, small parts in television and film, but especially burlesque. She was billed as "The World's Tallest Exotic Dancer" at 6'8". After leaving show business, she started a succesful second career as a real estate broker in the Los Angeles area. Covette died in February 2016.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2014 by Irene Jewell.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Burlesque (Theater) -- 1920-1970  Search this
Striptease -- 1920-1970  Search this
Stripteasers -- 1920-1970  Search this
Burlesque shows -- 1920-1970  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Decals
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Certificates -- 20th century
Theater programs -- 1950-2000
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Advertisements -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Citation:
Ricki Covette Burlesque Collection, ca. 1950-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1335
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1335
Online Media:

Lester Shanks Collection of Covered Bridge Photographs and Ephemera

Collector:
Shanks, Lester  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (14 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Slides (photographs)
Photograph albums
Books
Picture postcards
Photographs
Ephemera
Travel brochures
Pamphlets
Newsletters
Postcards
Place:
Switzerland
Baltimore (Md.) -- 19th century
Date:
1876-2010
bulk 1973-2008
Summary:
The collection is comprised of the results of Shanks's research on covered bridges, mostly in America but also covered bridges in Canada and Switzerland. Included are albums containing color photographs of covered bridges, slides of covered bridges, postcards depicting covered bridges; maps, and guidebooks; newsletters, magazines, and newspaper clippings on the subject of covered bridges.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is comprised of the results of Shanks's research on covered bridges, mostly in America but also covered bridges in Canada and Switzerland. Included are albums containing color photographs of covered bridges, slides of covered bridges, postcards depicting covered bridges; maps, and guidebooks; newsletters, magazines, and newspaper clippings on the subject of covered bridges.

Series 1, Photograph Albums, 1963-2006, consists of bound albums of black-and-white and color photographs by Shanks documenting covered bridges in the United States and other countries. The series is arranged geographically and then alphabetically. Some of the states have documentation preceding the photographs which lists the counties where the covered bridges he photographed were located. Shanks assigned a number to each state and each county for organization purposes. The number 35-04-03 means Ohio-Ashtabula County-third photograph in the group. The majority of photographs are identified.

In some instances, correspondence, brochures, fliers for covered bridge activities, invitations to covered bridge events, and copies or portions of Covered Bridge Topics, a quarterly journal published by the National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, containing articles and information relating to covered bridges, are also included. Wooden Covered Spans, the newsletter for the Theodore Burr Covered Bridge Society of Pennsylvania is also present. The covered bridge photographs from Switzerland were taken by Leonard Reich.

Series 2, Slides, 1971-1997, consists of color slides taken by Shanks documenting covered bridges in Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and Quebec, Canada, and Switzerland. The slides depict bridge interiors, side elevations, landscape views surrounding the bridge, river views, views of the road leading up to the bridge, and restoration work. Each slide is labeled with the name of the state/country/province, county and/or township, date, name of bridge and in some instances, the name of the river the bridge spans. Other numbers such as 38-63-22 are also present on the slides and represent a numbering system Shanks applied to his slides, which are keyed to states and counties. Shanks assigned a Roman numeral and Arabic numeral system to some of the slides (e.g. I-1 to I-100) and (13-1 to 13-100). This arrangement has been retained and while there is no key to it, the slides are arranged chronologically.

Series 3, Guide Books, 1876-2009, consists of bound guide books about covered bridges. The most significant of the guide books is theThe Stranger's Guide in Baltimore and its Environs, 1876. This small pocket guide book contains sketches of public buildings, monuments, notable localities, resorts, and suburban drives. The guide book is intended to show strangers where to go and what to see when in Baltimore.

Series 4, Maps, 1850, 1982, contains two maps for the city of Baltimore and Baltimore County, Maryland.

Series 5, National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, Inc, 2005-2010, consists of copies of the Covered Bridges Topics, the official magazine for the National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, Inc. (N.S.P.C.B.) and the newsletter for the N.S.P.C.B.

Series 6, Newsclippings, 2006, 2008, consists of two articles fromThe Post Standard, New York about covered bridges.

Series 7, Postcards, 1963-1985, consists of color postcards of covered bridges from a variety of locations in the United States. The postcards are arranged alphabetically by state. Some bear cancelled postmarks, but the majority are blank.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1, Photograph Albums, 1963-2006

Series 2, Slides, 1971-1977

Series 3, Guide Books, 1876-2009

Series 4, Maps, 1850, 1982

Series 5, National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges, Inc., 2005-2010

Series 6, News clippings, 2006, 2008

Series 7, Postcards, 1963-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Shanks, an employee of Baltimore Gas and Electric for over 40 years, was a covered bridge enthusiast and collector. He set a goal of photographing every covered bridge in America. Lester Shanks died October 10, 2010.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Bridges (series), circa 1818-1940 (AC0060)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Bridges: stereographs, circa 1868-1902 (mostly circa 1875-1880) (AC0060)

Beata Drake Covered Bridge Collection, 1954-1981 (AC0998)

Raymond E. Wilson Covered Bridge Collection, 1958-1974 (AC0999)

Samuel E. Reed Bridge Collection, 1947-1964 (AC1001)

Lucinda Rudell Covered Bridge Collection, 1942-1979 (AC1028)

Robert Bagby Stereographs and Lantern Slides, 1919; circa 1940-1960 (AC1185)
Provenance:
Donated by Eunice C. Shanks on August 11, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- Switzerland  Search this
Covered bridges -- Switzerland  Search this
Covered bridges -- United States  Search this
Bridges -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps -- 20th century
Slides (photographs) -- 1950-2000
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Books
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 19th century
Travel brochures
Photographs -- Color transparencies -- Acetate film -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 20th century
Pamphlets -- 1950-2000
Newsletters -- 2000-2010
Postcards
Citation:
Lester Shanks Collection of Covered Bridge Photographs and Ephemera, 1876-2010 (bulk 1973-2008), Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1244
See more items in:
Lester Shanks Collection of Covered Bridge Photographs and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1244

Darrell Bertness Postcard Collection

Donor:
Bertness, Darrell  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (1 box, 371 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Date:
mid-20th century
Summary:
This is a small group of picture postcards.
Scope and Contents:
This collection of postcards consists primarily of birth announcements and birth congratulations, birthday greetings, and Valentine's Day cards. Also included are July 4th and Memorial Day greetings, postcards featuring George Washington and a group of Norwegian scenes. The postcards were manufactured in the United States, Germany and Norway; the texts are in English, with the exception of the Norwegian cards. The cards are printed in color, with the exception of the Norwegian cards.
Arrangement:
The postcards are arranged by type and subject matter as follows: birth announcements, birth congratulations, birthday greetings, friendship and good wishes, various holiday cards, Memorial Day and 4th of July, George Washington, and Norwegian scenes.
Provenance:
Donated by Darrell L. Bertness to the Archives Center in 2009.
Restrictions:
UNPROCESSED COLLECTION.
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Holidays  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
April Fools' Day  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Postcards
Citation:
Darrell L. Bertness Postcard Collection, mid-20th century, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1190
See more items in:
Darrell Bertness Postcard Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1190

Chuck Mangione Collection

Creator:
Mangione, Chuck, 1940-  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (12 boxes, 10 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Posters
Photographs
Picture postcards
Recordings
Articles
Press releases
Dvds
Handbills
Audiocassettes
Sound recordings
Compact discs
Scores
Date:
1972-2009
Summary:
Archival materials documenting the career of musician Chuck Mangione.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the career of musician Chuck Mangione. It includes recordings including 33 rpm and 45 rpm records, CDs, audio cassettes and DVDs; photographs, posters, postcards, articles, press releases, handbills, and printed material. The collection is arranged into five series.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Frank Mangione was born on November 29, 1940 in Rochester, New York. He has enjoyed fame as both a musician and a composer. Early in his musical career, he performed with Art Blakey's band. Mangione has created compositions for both the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec and the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, New York. In addition, he has created the music for motion picture films including the 1978 soundtrack for The Children of Sanchez, in which he won a Grammy in 1979, and for the theme song in 1981 for The Cannonball Run.
Provenance:
Donated by Chuck Mangione to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History in 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Trumpet  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Photographs -- 2000-2010
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Recordings
Articles
Press releases
DVDs
Handbills
Audiocassettes
Sound recordings
Compact discs
Scores
Citation:
Chuck Mangione Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1151
See more items in:
Chuck Mangione Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1151

Lighthouse Postcards Collection

Creator:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Postcards depicting lighthouses in the United States and Canada.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquistion unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Lighthouses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Postcards
Citation:
Lighthouse Postcard Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1055
See more items in:
Lighthouse Postcards Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1055
Online Media:

Lawrence Robbins Water Mill Photographs

Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Donor:
Ogden, Darius  Search this
Photographer:
Robbins, Lawrence  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Essays
Place:
Maryland
Virginia
Date:
1916-1917.
Scope and Contents:
Black-and-white photoprints of mills, taken ca. 1916-1917, some captioned in shorthand; a notebook, also in shorthand; two postcards of mills; a typescript essay entitled "On the Hunting of Old Mills"; and maps, presumably used to find the mills. Of those captioned, most of the mills in the captioned photographs are in Maryland and Virginia.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Washington, D.C. lawyer and amateur photographer.
Provenance:
Donated by Darius A. Ogden to the National Museum of American History's Division of Work and Industry (then called the Division of Engineering and Industry) in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Mills -- Maryland  Search this
Mills -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1910-1920
Essays
Citation:
Lawrence Robbins Water Mill Photographs, 1916-1917, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0995
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0995

Richard H. Miller Bridge Collection of Postcards and Slides

Collector:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Miller, Richard H.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1900-1991
Summary:
This collection is made up of Richard H. Miller's collection of postcards and slides illustrating bridges from around the world.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is made up of postcards and photographic slides of bridges collected and organizedby Miller. Many of the postcards were sent by others before being purchased by Miller and include messages, postmarks and secondhand prices. A small number of postcards appear to have been sent to Miller by friends, while the remainder do not have any dates or notations. The slides are captioned.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Postcards, undated

Series 2: Slides, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Richard H. Miller (1913-2015) was an an industrial engineer and bridge enthusiast. A longtime resident of Cheshire, Connecticut, Miller collected postcards and slides of famous bridges as a lifelong hobby.
Provenance:
Donated by Richard H. Miller in 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Photographs -- Color transparencies -- 1950-2000
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Richard H. Miller Bridge Collection of Postcards and Slides, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0950
See more items in:
Richard H. Miller Bridge Collection of Postcards and Slides
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0950

Beatrice Litzinger Postcard Collection

Creator:
Litzinger, Beatrice  Search this
Litzinger, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
2.75 Cubic feet (8.5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Trade cards
Picture postcards
Ephemera
Clippings
Parallax stereographs
Birthday cards
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Xographs
Lenticular processes
Parallax panoramagrams
Date:
1900-1990
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of seven series, the largest, Series 1, being the postcards. The largest categories in this series are the geographic, both United States and foreign, and greeting cards. The most important and probably the most interesting of the geographic cards are from Maryland as they give us an historic view of the state. This is particularly true of the large number of cards depicting Baltimore and its buildings, parks, schools, etc. There are several cards showing the Great Fire of February 7, 1904 and postcards such as this are a valuable historic resource.

The greeting cards are primarily from the "golden age" of postcards and were sent or given on many occasions. There are large numbers of Christmas, Easter and Valentines Day cards, but there are also substantial numbers of cards for days that we no longer associate with card giving such as Decoration Day (now known as Memorial Day) and Washington's Birthday (though these cards are included under political figures in Box 8).

There are a number of postcards depicting various Popes and other religious themes such as the Lord's Prayer. Some of the postcards of Rome have cartouches of a Pope in the center of the pictures and were sent by a monsignor to someone in Baltimore.

Many cards show various means of transportation such as airplanes, boats and ships, and railroads and streetcars. Another interesting category is "novelty" with a number of postcards with pictures of women with real hair. Throughout the collection there are other novelty cards on wood and leather.

The other series are smaller, though all consist of ephemera collected by Mrs. Litzinger. Series 2, Oversize Postcards, and Series 3, Greeting Cards are the largest and those most directly related to the primary collection. These series are organized in the same manner as Series 1.

Series 4 consists of paper dolls, another popular collectible in the early part of the century. Series 5 consists of scraps which were chromolithographed pictures which were either cut out of printed sheets of pictures and designs or punched out of die cut sheets. The designs were then used to make early greeting cards or were placed in albums called scrap books. Sometimes scraps and postcards were included in the same album. Series 6 consists of trade cards which were used to advertise various businesses. Sometimes these were in the form of postcards and sometimes the designs were cut out to make scraps, so it is easy to see how these various types of ephemera are inter-related. Series 7 consists of a small number of miscellaneous items such as metal prints the size of postcards, religious cards, political birthday cards, magazine clippings, plastic cards, invitations and bicentennial souvenirs.
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into seven series.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection of postcards and other ephemera was assembled by Beatrice Litzinger who lived her entire life in and around Baltimore, Maryland. The collection is particularly rich in view cards from both Baltimore and Maryland. The collection also has a large number of greeting cards from the "golden age." It was acquired by the Archives Center in February, 1997 from Joseph Litzinger, the widower of Beatrice Litzinger who died in 1995. We know little about Mrs. Litzinger or how she acquired her collection as it came to the Archives Center after she died by way of a nun with whom she had become friendly and was returning to Ireland. Her husband was quite elderly and had moved to California though he indicated that Mrs. Litzinger had wanted her collection to come to the Smithsonian. The collection was donated by him to the Smithsonian in memory of his wife.

It is believed that Mrs. Litzinger started to collect postcards when she was young. She continued to collect throughout her life. She purchased some of the postcards, and others were mailed to her or given to her by friends. A large portion of the modern geographic postcards came by way of an extended family of friends and neighbors who traveled extensively. Mrs. Litzinger was deeply religious and a devout Catholic and the collection has a substantial number of religious postcards including some sent to her by a writer we believe was her parish priest on trips to Rome.
General:
Picture postcards were immensely popular at the beginning of the twentieth century. They were a novelty at a time when large numbers of people of moderate means began to travel. They became souvenirs of trips and an easy way for travelers to communicate with friends and relatives left behind. At the same time, the low cost of stamps and postcards combined with colorful and imaginative pictures and greetings made them a convenient way to send greetings at holidays and for other special events such as birthdays. Postal regulations did not allow private postcards until the 1890's. Though the dates varied from country to country, in the United States these were first allowed in 1898. The period 1901-1907 is known as the undivided back era. Until 1907 the picture or design was on the front and only the address was to appear on the back, forcing the message to be written on or around the image. On March 1, 1907 postcards with divided backs for address and message were allowed in the United States, though they had been permitted in England as early as 1902. This was the beginning of the divided back era and the "golden age" of postcards which continued until 1915.

During this period, collecting postcards and other ephemera became a very popular pastime. Often they were placed in scrapbooks and albums. The subject range of postcards is almost limitless and various categories, such as view cards, greeting cards, humor or novelties, were collected. Often the postcards were printed in sets or series and many were designed by famous artists. Postcard collecting in the United States was given the name deltiology and is still a popular hobby.

Most of the postcards during the "golden age" were printed in Europe, primarily in Germany, where the printing technology was considered the best. The start of World War I ended this importation and from 1915 printing was concentrated in England and the United States. White border cards were developed at this time and they were popular until 1930, though greeting card publication declined and only view cards remained popular. From 1930 until 1945 ( or, variously, 1955 or 1960) linen postcards were published, using a type of paper that had the look and uneven feel of linen. Photochrome postcards, which tend to be slick and glossy, were introduced in 1939 and are still in use today. During the entire period, starting around 1900, real photographs, which could be matte or glossy, color or black and white, or hand tinted, were used.

View cards have been the most popular type of card collected. In addition to being souvenirs of places traveled, they offer historic references to buildings and places which have changed or may no longer exist.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, ca. 1724-1977 (AC0060)

Victor A. Blenkle Postcards, 1880 - 1975 (AC0200)

Susie Paige Afro-American Greeting Card Collection, 1918, 1960s (AC0263)

Hoffman/Boaz African American Postcard Collection, 1900-1933 (AC0281)

Rocky Herosian Postcard Collection, 1910-1943 (AC0295)

Washington Postcards, ca. 1906, (AC0413)

Archives Center Scrapbook Collection (AC0468)

Archives Center Postcard Collection, (AC0483)

Miscellaneous Postcards (AC0497)

Lou Newman Collection of Baseball Memorabilia (AC0696)
Provenance:
Gift of Joseph Litzinger in memory of his wife, Beatrice Litzinger.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Greeting cards -- 20th century  Search this
Holidays -- 1900-1990  Search this
Fires -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Paper dolls  Search this
Valentines -- 1900-1990  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade cards -- 20th century
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Ephemera -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Parallax stereographs
Birthday cards
Photographs -- Photomechanical prints
Stereoscopic photographs -- 1950-2000
Xographs
Lenticular processes
Parallax panoramagrams
Citation:
Beatrice Litzinger Postcard Collection, 1900-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0530
See more items in:
Beatrice Litzinger Postcard Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0530
Online Media:

Burris and Byrd Family Card Sample Case

Creator:
Burris, Jeanne  Search this
Burris, Charlene  Search this
Byrd, James  Search this
Byrd Family  Search this
Byrd, Kathryn  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Card samples
Picture postcards
Trade literature
Greeting cards
Postcards
Sample books
Place:
Atlanta (Ga.)
Ohio
Date:
ca. 1920
Scope and Contents note:
A pocket sample case of greeting cards and postcards offered for sale by the Ohio Card Company of Cadiz, Ohio.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Ohio Card Company was a dealer in postcards, namecards, fine art pictures, games, novelties, etc. The company offered a way of ordering namecards and postcards via the mail using sample books. Acquired in the 1920s (probably in Atlanta, Georgia) by Charlene J. Burris's grandparents (Milton and Mary Lola Johnson) to hold a lock of hair from Ms. Burris's mother (Ouida LaRuth Johnson, b. 1918).
Provenance:
Collection donated by Jeanne and Charles Burris and James and Kathryn Byrd and Family, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Traveling sales personnel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Card samples
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Trade literature
Greeting cards
Postcards
Sample books
Citation:
Burris and Byrd Family Card Sample Case,1920, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Jeanne and Charles Burris and James and Kathryn Byrd and Family.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0126

David Hoffman/Boaz Postcard Collection

Creator:
Hoffman, David  Search this
Boaz, Joyce  Search this
Hoffman, Iris  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Date:
1900-1933
Summary:
The collection consists of 932 postcards with images of African Americans. Most of the postcards are illustrated with stereotypical images of Blacks depicted in drawings, cartoons, and similar forms.
Biographical / Historical:
The Hoffman/Boaz African-American Postcard Collection was assembled between 1946 and 1970 by David and Iris Hoffman and Iris's sister Joyce Boaz. Most of the cards were purchased in antique shops during the early days of the Civil Rights Movement. The donors created the collection as a way to visually document the historical changes in the way African Americans were treated and perceived in the United Statesart.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by David and Iris Hoffman, in December 1987.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Postcards -- 1900-1950
Picture postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Citation:
David Hoffman/Boaz Postcard Collection, 1900-1933, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box X, folder XX, digital image file XXXXXXX.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0281
See more items in:
David Hoffman/Boaz Postcard Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0281
Online Media:

This man was brutally murdered for being gay. [Color postcard.]

Publisher:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Names:
Schindler, Allen  Search this
Series Collector:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 4-1/4" x 6".)
Container:
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Scope and Contents:
Image shows a uniformed sailor, Allen Schindlerm, with a U.S. flag image behind him.
Local Numbers:
AC1146-0000023.tif (AC Scan No.)
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Homosexuality  Search this
Flags -- United States  Search this
Murder  Search this
Sailors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations / Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), Conduct Unbecoming, first annual report
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref2726

Observatory Postcards

Extent:
0.79 Cubic feet (2 containers)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1905-2001
Summary:
This collection consists of the observatory postcards gathered by Dr. David DeVorkin as part of the Explore the Universe exhibit.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the postcards gathered by Dr. David DeVorkin as part of the Explore the Universe exhibit. Postcards from the following observatories are included: Allegheny; Arecibo Radio; Berlin-Treptow; Cambridge University, UK; David Dunlap; Dominion Astrophysical; European Southern; Green Bank Radio Telescope; Griffith; Harvard-SAO; Jodrell Bank; Keck; Kitt Peak National; Lick; Mauna Kea; McDonald; Mount Wilson; Palomar; Potsdam Astrophysical; Royal Observatory Greenwich; Vassar College; Very Large Array; and Whipple-MMT. The collection also contains CDs containing digital surrogates of the postcards, which were scanned by NASM staff or volunteers.
Arrangement:
Arranged by Observatory.
Biographical / Historical:
The National Air and Space Museum's (NASM) Explore the Universe exhibit shows how ideas about the Universe evolved as new astronomical instruments were developed. It presents the Universe as discerned by the naked eye, then shows how the telescope, photography, spectroscopy, and digital technology revolutionized our view. The largest section describes what astronomers today think about the nature of the Universe. As part of this exhibit, curator Dr. David DeVorkin, collected astronomical observatory postcards from the public. Some of the postcards were featured in the exhibit as well as the associated NASM website.

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Provenance:
NASM Space History Department, Transfer, 2018, NASM.2018.0060
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Observatories -- Astrophysical  Search this
Astronomy -- 20th century  Search this
Citation:
Observatory Postcards, NASM.2018.0060, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0060
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0060

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