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Cecilia Beaux papers

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Names:
Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Date:
1863-1968
Summary:
The papers of the painter Cecilia Beaux measure 3.3 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1968. Papers document her education, career and personal life through family and professional correspondence, twelve diaries, lectures, essays, poems, notes, clippings, catalogs, pamphlets, exhibition records, business records, photographs, certificates, diplomas, and artifacts.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the painter Cecilia Beaux measure 3.3 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1968.

Biographical Materials include autobiographical notes written by Beaux, published biographical essays, and articles about Beaux. A lengthy correspondence from Beaux to her friend A. Piatt Andrew of Massachusetts is found, as well as correspondence with family and professional associates. Lengthy letters from Beaux to her family during trips to Europe contain scattered illustrations. Professional correspondents include other artists, teachers, patrons, critics, curators, dealers, and writers.

Writings include one early diary from the 1870s, and a series of eleven additional diaries dating from 1905 to 1913, which record daily activities related to her artwork and personal life. Numerous lectures and essays from her later career are found, often in multiple drafts, as are manuscripts of published and unpublished poems by Beaux. A single sketch, a study for a portrait, is also found.

A floor plan, lists of paintings, receipts, written bids, and other notes document the exhibition and sale of Beaux's artwork. Printed materials related to her career include exhibition catalogs and other ephemera, a scrapbook of primarily clippings related to her early career, and loose clippings related to her later career. Photographs include formal portraits of Cecilia Beaux and informal photographs of Beaux alone and with colleagues, friends, and family members in various settings including Concarneau, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Gloucester, and Malines, Belgium. Also found is a photograph of John Singer Sargent painting.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series, with multiple subseries in Series 2:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1893-1943 (Box 1, OV 4-5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1863-1968 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1868-1954 (Boxes 2-3, OV 6; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1883-1936 (Box 3, OV 6; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1874-1953 (Box 3, OV 6; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1888-1919(Box 3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Cecilia Beaux was born in Philadelphia in 1855. Her mother died just days after her birth, and Beaux and her sister went to live with their grandmother and aunts. Her adoptive family exposed her to fine art throughout her childhood and, once in school, Beaux excelled in her drawing classes and began training in the studio of Catherine A. Drinker, an artist and a cousin of her uncle Will Biddle. From 1881-1883 she attended life classes directed by William Sartain, who traveled to Philadelphia from New York to give criticisms. She also counted the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts master Thomas Eakins among her early influences, though she did not receive direct instruction from him.

Her first major success in painting was a double-portrait of her sister and nephew entitled Les Derniers Jours d'Enfance, exhibited first at the American Art Association, and in 1885 at the Pennsylvania Academy, where it won the Mary Smith Prize, the first of many prizes Beaux received during her lifetime. In 1887, the painting was exhibited at the Paris salon to critical acclaim. Beaux's reputation as a Philadelphia portraitist grew steadily with the execution of several portraits her in Chestnut Street studio, and in 1888 she traveled to Europe to continue her studio education.

In Paris, she joined the Academie Julien, where she received criticisms from Tony Robert Fleury and William Adolph Bougereau. She spent the summer in Concarneau, Brittany, where Alexander Harrison and Charles Lazar critiqued her work, and returned to Paris, where she attended the Academie Colarossi under and sought out private criticisms in the atelier of Benjamin Constant. She copied paintings and classical sculpture at the Louvre, and traveled throughout Europe to view the works of old masters. In England, she painted several portraits of her friends, the Darwins, before returning to Philadelphia in August of 1889. She traveled to Europe several more times in her life, including a trip in 1896 to see six of her paintings exhibited at the Salon de Champs de Mars. At the time this was an unprecedented number of paintings shown there by an American, and their strength earned her a membership in the Societé Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

In the 1890s, Beaux earned a living painting commissioned portraits at her Philadelphia studio, while experimenting with and refining her style and technique with portraits of friends and family such as Sita and Sarita, of her cousin Sarah Leavitt with her cat, The Dreamer, of her friend Caroline Smith, and Ernesta with Nurse, of her niece, who was a favorite sitter of Beaux's throughout her life. Beaux became the first full-time female faculty member at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1895, and continued teaching there until 1915.

In the late 1890s, Beaux painted several works for which she would be repeatedly honored, including Mother and Daughter, a double-portrait of Mrs. Clement A. Griscom and her daughter Frances, which won four gold medals at international exhibitions, and The Dancing Lesson, a double-portrait of Dorothea and Francesca Gilder, the daughters of Richard Watson Gilder, editor of Century Magazine and himself a devoted friend and supporter of Beaux. The Gilders, and especially Dorothea, were steady companions as well as sitters for Beaux throughout her adult life. In 1901 and 1902, Beaux painted Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt and her daughter Ethel in the White House, and in 1903, she was elected to the National Academy of Design.

By 1905 Beaux was living and working primarily in New York during the winter, and at "Green Alley," a home she built in Gloucester, Massachusetts, in the summer. She was introduced to Gloucester by her friend, the Harvard economist A. Piatt Andrew, and entertained a steady stream of intellectual, literary, and artistic friends such as Isabella Stuart Gardner, William James, and Thornton Oakley. Beaux continued to amass prizes and honors for her artwork, including an honorary doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania in 1908. She had solo exhibitions at Macbeth Gallery in 1910, the Corcoran Gallery in 1912, and M. Knoedler Gallery in 1915 and 1917. She had regular public speaking appearances, published articles, and interviews on such subjects as art education, women in art, and modernist art, the pervasive influence of which she eschewed as a passing fad.

In 1919, she traveled to war-torn Europe as the official portraitist of the United States War Portraits Commission painted the portraits of three European war heroes: Cardinal Mercier, Admiral Beatty, and Georges Clemenceau. In 1924, she broke her hip in Paris, and although she continued to paint, she would never again be the prolific painter of her earlier years due to the injury. She wrote her autobiography Background with Figures in 1930, and in 1935-1936, the American Academy of Arts and Letters held the largest exhibition of her work that was mounted during her lifetime. Beaux died in 1942 in Gloucester, at the age of 87.
Related Material:
The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts holds additional papers related to Cecilia Beaux, particularly personal photographs. Portions of these papers were loaned to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1985 and were microfilmed on reel 3658.

The Archives of American Art also holds the Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 3425 and 3658) including a sketchbook and other related papers. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Portions of the papers were first lent for microfilming by Harrison Cultra in 1968. The bulk of the collection was donated in1970-1971 by Catherine Drinker Bowen, Beaux's niece, and by Cultra. In 1985, the sketchbook on reel 3425 was lent for microfilming by art dealer Jeffrey Brown with additional material by The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. A palette was donated by Helen Seely Wheelwright, whose former husband, Paul Seeley, was an artist and friend of Beaux. Awards and diplomas were gifted in 1995 by Cecilia Saltonstall, a descendant of Beaux. Material and a poster reproduction of Beaux's portrait of Rear-Admiral Sampson advertising an article in Century Magazine, 1899, was donated in 1991 by Alfred J. Walker, a dealer who organized a Beaux exhibition. He received the material along with artwork he exhibited from the estate of Richard Barker, who had received them from Harrison Cultra. Cultra had inherited them from Beaux's niece, Ernesta Drinker Barlow.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Citation:
Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.beauceci
See more items in:
Cecilia Beaux papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b73488eb-4fd6-48d5-82fe-36e503af84c5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-beauceci
Online Media:

Niccolo Cortiglia papers, 1920-1982

Creator:
Cortiglia, Niccolo, 1893-  Search this
Citation:
Niccolo Cortiglia papers, 1920-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10992
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214864
AAA_collcode_cortnicc
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214864

Niccolo Cortiglia papers

Creator:
Cortiglia, Niccolo, 1893-  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1982
Scope and Contents:
Files on portrait commissions, primarily of individuals in Pennsylvania, containing photographs, letters and newspaper clippings; files on Cortiglia's murals and honorary degrees from Kings College, 1977-1978, and his participation in the Hoosier Salon Jury, 1950-1951, and the Primaverile Exhibition in Florence, Italy, 1920. Also included are letters to Cortiglia praising his portraits, 1936-1977; printed material, 1920-1982; and photographs, 1922-1977, of Cortiglia's work and a few photographs of Cortiglia.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Donated 1989 by Anna Cortiglia, the widow of Niccolo Cortiglia.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.cortnicc
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95c52d231-f3cf-453a-8041-ea7f168905f5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cortnicc

Catalogue of an exhibition of portraits painted by the late Gilbert Stuart, Esq. died 1828

Names:
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
[ca. 1828]
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten catalog, 12 p., listing 182 of Stuart's portraits, and 27 of his pictures in Philadelphia. On cover: "Exact copy of the catalog of portraits by Stuart exhibited 1828 in Boston...see Dunlap's History of Design, v.1."
Provenance:
Microfilmed by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for the Archives of American Art, 1955.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 18th century -- Catalogs  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- Catalogs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.cataofae
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c82fd124-e04a-41cc-bb7d-5a79b91a2e81
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cataofae

Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings

Creator:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Names:
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel (partial microfilm reel)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
circa 1890-1912
Scope and Contents:
The microfilmed Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings contain photographs of Beaux and her family, among them William F. Biddle, Rev. Aratus Kent, Ernesta Drinker, Emily Leavitt Biddle, Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Drinker, and Eliza Leavitt; a glass negative of Beaux's residence, Green Alley; and news clippings about Beaux, including an interview, excerpts from Beaux's lectures, and untitled and undated gallery sheets on Beaux by Anne O'Hagan.
Biographical / Historical:
Cecilia Beaux (1855-1942) was a painter and art instructor in Philadelphia, New York, and Gloucester, Massachusetts. Born in Philadelphia, Beaux studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where she later taught. She also studied under William Sartain and at the Académie Julian in Paris.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968; the Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux, 1897-1920; and the microfilmed Henry Drinker research material on Cecilia Beaux, circa 1880-1920.
Provenance:
Microfilmed from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts archives in 1985. Additional family and Beaux memorabilia related to Beaux at the PAFA was not microfilmed.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.beauceci3
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bc692078-7e2d-40a6-a2d1-2f99cbd776dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-beauceci3

Letter to General Daniel Parker

Creator:
Delaplaine, Joseph, 1777-1824  Search this
Names:
Parker, Daniel, 1782-1846  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on 1 fr. of microfilm))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1818 Oct. 22
Scope and Contents:
Letter to General Daniel Parker from Joseph Delaplaine, Oct. 22, 1818, in reference to a promise of having a portrait painted.
Provenance:
Microfilmed by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for the Archives of American Art, 1955.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.delajosl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f4bdf5cf-ff56-4266-8ebb-a68cd1cd494c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-delajosl

James Cameron letters

Creator:
Cameron, James, b. 1816?  Search this
Names:
Ashton, Thomas B., fl. 1835-1850  Search this
Mozier, Joseph, 1812-1870  Search this
Extent:
140 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1843-1876
Scope and Contents:
Letters to Cameron's mother and wife; 37 letters from wood engraver, landscape and genre painter Thomas B. Ashton, 1846-1850; and 5 letters from sculptor Joseph Mozier, 1846-1847.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait and landscape painter; Philadelphia, Pa. Born in Scotland ca. 1816. Worked in Indianapolis, Ind. prior to 1849, later settled in Philadelphia.
Provenance:
Microfilmed with other art-related papers from Mills College Library, July 1981.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Engravers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.camejame
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d35f44f1-7cf3-4740-81b0-84990a2ef974
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-camejame

John T. Harris papers

Creator:
Harris, John T. (John Taylor), 1908-1972  Search this
Names:
State Teachers College at Cheyney  Search this
Hardy, Lavinia Harris  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Scrapbooks
Date:
1943-1988
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection of the papers of African American painter, printmaker, and instructor John T. Harris date from 1943 to 1988. The collection contains biographical information; correspondence (1965-1979) regarding paintings, as well as a draft of a letter detailing Harris' family history; and financial information (1960-1977). Also included are teaching records (1958-1979) from State Teachers College at Cheyney, including class notes, exhibition checklists, an annual report, and a scrapbook containing photographs of Harris' students in class; lists of paintings; exhibition guest lists; printed material (1943-1988), including exhibition catalogs and announcements; and 13 works of art, including prints and drawings. Photographs of Harris, works of art, and works by Lavinia Harris Hardy, Harris' sister, are also included in the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
John T. Harris (1908-1972) was an African American painter, printmaker, and instructor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1991 by Earl Harris, John Harris' nephew. Microfilmed in 1991 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania  Search this
African American artists  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
African American educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.harrjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99f58a74d-b8e9-4265-927e-edb4dbdef633
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-harrjohn

Thomas Eakins letters

Creator:
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Names:
Couture, Thomas, 1815-1879  Search this
Crowell, Frances Eakins, b. 1848  Search this
Crowell, William J.  Search this
Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hallowell, William R.  Search this
Richards, Frederick de Bourg, 1822-1903  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Wallace, J. Laurie (John Laurie)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Paris (France) -- description and travel
Date:
1866-1934
Summary:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Scope and Content Note:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are categorized into one series consisting of five folders. Items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Realist painter Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1844. He was encouraged by his parents to develop his talent in art, and in 1862 he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Also during this period Eakins developed an interest in anatomy, revealed later in the realistically detailed Gross Clinic, painted in 1875. In 1866 he moved to Paris, where he studied painting with Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for three years, and briefly with sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont and painter Léon Bonnat. He toured Spain for six months in 1870 and then returned to Philadelphia to become a portrait artist. Eakins began teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and became its director of instruction in 1882. During this period he also met fellow artist Susan MacDowell and they were married in 1884. While at the Academy, he promoted a curriculum based on the study of the human figure, and began using photography as a method of study for his paintings. A dispute over the use of nude models forced Eakins to resign from the Academy in 1886, but he continued painting and exhibiting until his death in 1916.
Provenance:
Letters from Eakins to his family were donated by Dr. Caroline Crowell, daughter of Frances Eakins Crowell, and niece of Thomas Eakins. Other letters were donated in 1962 and 1963 by Irving Levitt and Lawrence Fleischman. Both accessions were microfilmed upon receipt.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Thomas Eakins letters, 1866-1934. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.eakithom
See more items in:
Thomas Eakins letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91895976e-8421-4b60-bd90-771ec0699da7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eakithom
Online Media:

Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection

Creator:
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Harriet Cany, ca. 1800-1869  Search this
Names:
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860 (Court of death)  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
circa 1820-1932
Summary:
This collection of papers measures 0.2 linear feet, dates from circa 1820-1932, and provides scattered documentation of the lives of painter Rembrandt Peale and his wife Harriet. There are seven letters from Peale which discuss his Patriae Pater portrait of George Washington and his subsequent attempts to gain a commission from Congress for his equestrian portrait of the first president, as well as illuminating his opinion on patronage for the arts. The collection also contains a copy of Peale's lecture on "Washington and his Portraits," a page with drawings of Roman coins by Peale, two codicils to Harriet Peale's will, printed material including a pamphlet for Peale's The Court of Death and a catalog of sale for Harriet Peale's estate, and photographs of Rembrandt and Harriet Peale.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection of papers measures 0.2 linear feet, dates from circa 1820-1932, and provides scattered documentation of the lives of painter Rembrandt Peale and his wife Harriet. The papers contain seven letters from Peale to various individuals, including Massachusetts senator Elijah Hunt Mills, that document his attempts to seek recognition and recompense from Congress for his portraits of George Washington and illuminate his opinions on patronage of the arts. Also found here is a copy of Peale's lecture on "Washington and his Portraits," and legal papers consisting of two codicils to Harriet Peale's will which list the disposition of Rembrandt Peale paintings in her possession. There is a page with drawings of Roman coins by Peale, printed material including a pamphlet for Peale's popular allegorical painting The Court of Death, and a catalog of sale for Harriet Peale's estate. Photographs picture Rembrandt and Harriet Peale respectively, circa 1850.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.
Biographical Note:
Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and was the second son of painter Charles Willson Peale. He was known primarily for his historical paintings and portraits, particularly those of George Washington. Peale painted his first Washington portrait in 1795 at the age of 17, in a sitting arranged by his father. From 1795-1800 he traveled in Maryland and the South painting portraits, and from 1801-1803 studied with Benjamin West in London.

Peale returned to Europe from l808 to l8l0, and spent most of his time in Paris where he was inspired to take up historical painting. From 1813-1822 he lived in Baltimore where, in 1814, he established a museum for paintings and natural history that later became known as the Peale Museum. Peale's most famous allegorical painting, Court of Death, was completed in 1820 and was one of the most popular paintings of the decade.

In 1822 Peale moved to New York City where he embarked on an attempt to paint what he hoped would become the "Standard likeness" of Washington. In the process he reviewed portraits by other artists including John Trumbull, Gilbert Stuart and his father, as well as his own 1795 picture which had never truly satisfied him. His resulting Patriae Pater, completed in 1824, depicts Washington through an oval window, and is considered by many to be second only to Gilbert Stuart's iconic Athenaeum painting of the first president. Peale subsequently attempted to capitalise on the success of what quickly became known as his "Porthole" picture, collecting tesimonials praising the portrait from people who had known the president, and lobbying Congress, in vain, for a commission to paint an equestrian portrait of Washington. Despite his failure to gain such a commission, "Patriae Pater" was purchased by Congress in 1832 and still hangs in the U.S. Capitol.

Peale subsequently produced over 70 replicas of the "porthole" picture and in the late 1850s delivered a series of lecture entitled "Washington and his Portraits" along the East coast. He was also an accomplished writer and lecturer on natural history, and was among the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, a president of the American Academy, and a founder of the National Academy.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the following collections relating to Rembrandt Peale: the Albert Duveen collection of artists' letters and ephemera, 1808-1910, includes an 1855 September 8 letter from Rembrandt Peale to an unidentifed person, available on 35 mm microfilm reel D9 (frames 848-850); Printed material relating to Rembrandt Peale, 1830-1862, lent for microfilming by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1855, is available on microfilm reel P29; and the Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1912, contains a lithograph by Peale available on 35mm microfilm reel D5 (frame 103).
Provenance:
In 1960, Lawrence A. Fleischman donated one letter. Six items were donated by Charles E. Feinberg in 1962. An additional 35 items were transferred from the National Collection of Fine Arts Library to the Archives in 1979.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Coins, Roman  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection, circa 1820-1932. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pealremb
See more items in:
Rembrandt and Harriet Peale collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e7be1fd9-ffff-43a0-a514-995011de3c4e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pealremb
Online Media:

Alice Kent Stoddard photograph album

Creator:
Stoddard, Alice Kent Pearson, 1885-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1906]-1971
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of 89 portraits and 2 landscapes by Stoddard, and of Stoddard at work on one of her last portraits. Also included is a group shot of unidentified young women, possibly students at Moore College of Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Kent Stoddard (1885-1976) was a portrait painter from Philadelphia, Pa. Married to painter Joseph T. Pearson, Stoddard is known for her portraits of Philadelphians and their children.
Provenance:
Album donated to Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts by Stoddard. Microfilmed by AAA, 1985.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stodalic
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw908b0c372-88a3-4138-b8e5-1782faf2d41f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stodalic

Thomas Sully letters

Creator:
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Names:
Mercur, Rodney Augustus, b. 1851  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1811-1847  Search this
Extent:
3 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1831-1870
Scope and Contents:
Letters from Sully, one sending his autograph to Rodney A. Mercur, April 27, 1870; and to the Literary Society of Marshal College decling his election as an honorary member of the society, May 6, 1839; a copy of an engraving by John Sartain of Sully, signed by Sully; and a letter to "Jasper" from Sully's son, Thomas, Jr., responding for his father in his absence, July 1831.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Donated 1955-1962 by Charles E. Feinberg, an active donor and friend of AAA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sullthol
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c1a692ef-c9fc-49e0-a0e1-21ea3060e825
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sullthol

Thomas Sully letters

Creator:
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Names:
Carroll, Charles, 1702-1782 -- Portraits  Search this
Extent:
2 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1827 and [undated]
Scope and Contents:
Letter to Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, October 10. 1827, regarding a portrait Sully painted of him; and a letter from Mary G. Ravenel to Robert Tyler of Philadelphia in which she mentions a Sully painting she has just received, n.y. March 2.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Letter to Charles Carroll donated 1963 by Carnegie Book Shop. Letter to Robert Tyler donated 1966 by Jean Meissner and William T. Campbell, Jr.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sullthom
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98e364978-980e-463d-adee-1c05fee9a2b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sullthom

Thomas Sully papers

Creator:
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
3 Items ((619 p. on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1792-1871
Scope and Contents:
Register of paintings, 1801-1871 (1 v., 139 p.); Sully's hints for pictures, 1809-1871 (179 p. typescript), including techniques for painting portraits, ingredients for colors, care and preservation of paintings, criticisms of other artists and explanations of their paintings and techniques; and a journal, 1792-1793 and 1799-1846 (1 v., 301 p. typescript).
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Prints -- Technique  Search this
Prints -- 19th century  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sullthom2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e9ddf633-8bc6-419f-9005-f0496639f89b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sullthom2

James B. Sword letter

Creator:
Sword, James B. (James Brade), 1839-1915  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1905 Apr. 14
Scope and Contents:
A note thanking Miss Peters for her "kind words and appreciation in regard to my [Sword's] paintings..."
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Donated 1955-1962 by Charles E. Feinberg, an active donor and friend of AAA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sworjame
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f232b6f4-071a-4231-88b4-75976dd37e62
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sworjame

Receipt to Col. Johnston

Creator:
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on 1 fr. of microfilm))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1828 May 21
Scope and Contents:
Receipt to Colonel Johnston of Salem, N.J., from John Neagle, for 120 dollars for the portrait of Miss Johnston, May 21, 1828.
Provenance:
Microfilmed by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for the Archives of American Art, 1955.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.neagjohr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96a9b562b-10d8-4321-9fe4-645d9d036eec
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neagjohr

John Neagle notebooks and account books

Creator:
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Names:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1824-1861
Scope and Contents:
Five volumes of notebooks and account books documenting personal activities, financial matters, information on art and artists.
REEL P23 (fr. 453-512): Commonplace book, May 1839, handwritten by Neagle, with note by Charles Henry Hart that the book was commenced on the above date, but much of the matter was copied from a book of memorandums kept by Neagle years before.
REELS 3656-3657: Four volumes of notebooks and account books documenting personal activities, financial matters, information on art and artists. The memorandum of articles loaned lists prints and books, when and to whom they were loaned and sometimes, when they were returned. Items loaned include Burke on the Sublime, Price on Picturesque, as well as others. The blotter discusses commissions, sitters, prices and dates, in the form of individual entries for most days. The cash book lists cash received, cash paid and the amount of money owed by each client. Student notebook includes a recipe for "Mastick Varnish" and quotations of Mengs, Reynolds and Lawrence as well as color samples from Sir Thomas Lawrence's palette as copied by Thomas Sully.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Penn. aAt 14 years, Neagle apprenticed with Thomas Wilson, a coach and ornamental painter. Through Wilson, Neagle met and studied under Bass Otis. Influences on Neagle's work include Thomas Sully and Gilbert Stuart. Neagle's painting "Pat Lyon at the Forge" was exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy in 1827 and brought him recognition and a reputation as a fine painter. In addition to painting, he devoted his attentions to the Pennsylvania Academy, the Artists' Fund Society, and art theory.
Provenance:
Commonplace book microfilmed by AAA in 1955. Remainder microfilmed with other art-related collections at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania as part of the Archives of American Art's Philadelphia project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.neagjona
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91b4940d3-0d00-41fb-a4a5-36a895cfab67
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neagjona

John Neagle printed material

Collector:
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1781-1857
Scope and Contents:
Bound pamphlets and reprints, 1781-1857, from Neagle's library, including material on the American Academy of Fine Arts, John Trumbull, National Academy of Design, transactions of the American art union, John R. Clark and a discourse by S.F.B. Morse.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming, 1954, by the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art literature -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.neagjopm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ce387d7f-3c10-46c4-80d6-017c998d5f55
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neagjopm

Edward A. Newnam papers

Creator:
Newnam, Edward A.  Search this
Names:
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Hewitt, W. K. (William Keesey), 1817-1893  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Linton, Frank Benton Ashley, 1871-1943  Search this
Meyers, Samuel  Search this
Penington, Edward, 1766-1834  Search this
Rourke, Constance, 1885-1941  Search this
Rubicam, Jonathan  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Extent:
19 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1978
Scope and Contents:
Letters to Newnam written in response to queries regarding portraits Newnam is painting or selling. Included are letters, 1937, from Victor Morris Tyler, Morris Tyler, and Constance Rourke regarding a Henry Inman portrait of John J. Audubon which Newnam wishes to copy; from Mildred Steinbach,1952, Asst. Librarian at the Frick Art Reference Library regarding portraits by Thomas Eakins of Frank Linton and Samuel Meyers; from Hannah J. Howell, 1952-3, Librarian at the Frick Art Reference Library regarding photographs of Gilbert Stuart's portraits of Edward Penington and Mrs. Penington; from Raymond Rubicam, 1955, regarding his purchase of a portrait by William K. Hewitt of his great uncle Jonathan Rubicam; also included is a photograph of the portrait; from Howell, 1957, thanking Newnam for a photo of a painting by Gustavus Hesselius; letters and a photograph regarding a portrait of Baroness Brudenell, 1966 and 1970; and a letter from Marguerite Coolbaugh, 1978, regarding a photograph of Abraham Lincoln.
Biographical / Historical:
Art dealer and portrait painter; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Donated 1994 by Edward A. Newnam.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art dealers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.newnedwa
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97037848b-f785-419f-aa14-fb5fef8df48b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-newnedwa

Pierre Eugène Du Simitière papers

Creator:
Du Simitière, Pierre Eugène, ca. 1736-1784  Search this
Extent:
10 Volumes ((on 3 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Place:
United States -- History -- 18th century
Date:
1560-1786
bulk 1721-1786
Scope and Contents:
Papers relating to natural history and Du Simitière's collection of specimens; material collected on the history of the West Indies and Colonial American affairs in New England, Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey, including the Lancaster Treaty, 1744, and Indian treaties, 1721-1756; letters, 1560-1781; journals, pamphlets and extracts; a broadside of the Du Simitière sale, 1785; drawings and portraits of American legislators and soldiers by Du Simitière; and leaves of a medieval illuminated manuscript.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter, curator and naturalist; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Born in Geneva, Switzerland. Came to America in 1765 after spending several years in the West Indies collecting natural history specimens. Elected curator, 1768, of the American Philosophical Society, and set up a natural history museum. He collected Revolutionary War ephemera and literature.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming, 1955, by the Library Company of Philadelphia. In 1785 Du Simitière's effects were sold at auction, resulting in his library being scattered. Most of the manuscripts were purchased by the Library Company of Philadelphia. The Library of Congress later acquired some others. The whereabouts of some material is still uncertain.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Natural history -- Catalogs and collections -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painting -- 18th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Naturalism  Search this
Function:
Natural history museums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Identifier:
AAA.dusipier
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c92353a5-0e8f-4388-80da-c592cda79863
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dusipier

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