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Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961

Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Subject:
Wildenstein, Felix  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Hays, Lee  Search this
Untermeyer, Louis  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Robeson, Paul  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)  Search this
Ruggles, Carl  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur  Search this
Nearing, Helen  Search this
Nearing, Scott  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Rasmussen, Knud  Search this
Reeves, Ruth  Search this
Seeger, Pete  Search this
Daniel, Charles  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland)  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Chamberlain, J. E.  Search this
Boyesen, Bayard  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Freuchen, Peter  Search this
Gellert, Hugo  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
FitzGerald, James  Search this
Keller, Charles  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Jones, Dan Burne  Search this
United American Artists  Search this
United Office and Professional Workers of America  Search this
United Scenic Artists  Search this
National Farmers' Union (U.S.)  Search this
National Maritime Union of America  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Citizens' Committee for Government Arts Projects  Search this
Farmers Union of the New York Milk Shed  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Writers' Project  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
International Workers Order  Search this
Type:
Poems
Sketches
Business records
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Politics and culture  Search this
Authors -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Political aspects  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Art and war  Search this
Commercial art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9557
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211757
AAA_collcode_kentrock
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211757
Online Media:

Zina Saro-Wiwa: On Mourning and Memory (Interview Only)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-05-03T13:50:32.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_G1Z3jrHrgOI

Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archive

Creator:
Freelon, Philip G., 1953-2019  Search this
Names:
American Institute of Architects  Search this
Freelon Adjaye Bond/SmithGroup  Search this
Freelon Bond Architects  Search this
Freelon Group  Search this
Hampton University (Va.)  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Architecture  Search this
National Museum of African American History and Culture  Search this
National Organization of Minority Architects (U.S.)  Search this
North Carolina Board of Architecture  Search this
NorthStar Church of the Arts  Search this
PPG Industries, Inc.  Search this
Perkins & Will  Search this
Adjaye, David, 1966-  Search this
Bond, J. Max, Jr.  Search this
Freelon, Allan Randall, 1895-1960  Search this
Extent:
5.1 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
North Carolina -- United States
United States of America -- North Carolina -- Durham County -- Durham
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Suffolk County -- Boston
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
United States of America -- New York -- New York
Date:
bulk 1939-2017
Scope and Contents:
The Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archival Collection documents the life and career of architect, educator, cultural heritage preservation advocate and artist Philip G. Freelon. The collection highlights his distinguished career from its inception to his role as the "architect of record" for the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Freelon was one of the leading African American architects of his generation and he created a focus designing and constructing buildings that paid reverence to African Americans and other underrepresented communities. This collection is comprised of business records, photographic materials, ephemera, correspondence, architectural drawings, and clippings.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been separated into seven series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content and chronology. Within each series and sub-series, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Biographical / Historical:
Philip Goodwin Freelon was born March 26, 1953, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Allan Freelon, Jr. and Elizabeth Neal Freelon. Freelon was greatly influenced by his grandfather, Allan Freelon Sr., a notable Harlem Renaissance visual artist, educator, and civil rights activist. His grandfather's values and artistry inspired him to create a career that focused on creating historical and cultural spaces in African American communities. Freelon attended high school at the former predominantly white elite all-boys school, Central High School located in upper North Philadelphia from 1967 to 1971. His attendance at this school during of the Civil Rights Movement afforded him the unique experience that inspired him to attend a historically Black college (HBCU). Freelon selected Hampton Institute (Hampton University) to develop his veneration of the composition and design of the buildings that held cultural and artistic treasures. Located in the Tidewater area of Virginia, Hampton was renowned among HBCUs for its architecture program. His professor and mentor at Hampton, John Spencer, pushed Freelon academically as he moved easily through the school's curriculum. After two years at Hampton, Spencer helped Freelon transition to a more challenging program at North Carolina State University (NCSU) in Raleigh, North Carolina. Freelon graduated in 1975 with a bachelor's in environmental design in architecture.

Later in the fall of 1975, Freelon enrolled at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to pursue a master's in architecture. During the summers, Freelon worked with one of former his NC State professors at the architectural firm of John D. Latimer and Associates. After graduating from MIT in 1977, Freelon returned to North Carolina to take his Architecture Registration Examination (ARE), becoming the firm's youngest person to receive licensure. He also began teaching classes at his alma mater, NC State. It was there that Freelon met his future wife, Nnenna Pierce. Pierce, a Massachusetts native was attending Simmons College in Boston at the time. The connection was immediate, and the pair was married in 1979 and welcomed their first son, Deen in 1980. After a brief employment for a large Texas firm 3/D International, Freelon returned to Durham to join O'Brien Atkins Associates. He was the firm's youngest partner, eventually serving as principal and vice president of architecture. Freelon worked on a wide variety of projects throughout the state including learning centers, university buildings, churches, and parking garages. Along with Freelon's budding career, his family was expanding as well. Phil and Nnenna welcomed their daughter Maya in 1982 and their son, Pierce in 1983. During this time, Freelon was being highly recognized for his work. The American of Institute of Architects (AIA) awarded him the Honor Award for his design of Terminal 2 of the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, which has since been rebuilt.

By the end of the decade, Freelon and his wife Nnenna needed a change of pace. Nnenna pursued a professional career in music while Phil took a break from his career to expand his skillset and reinforce his intellectual approach to design. In 1989, Freelon was granted the Loeb Fellowship for one year of independent study at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. He also pursued a longtime hobby of furniture design, calling the practice "small architecture". He received industry awards like first prize in the PPG Industries, Inc. Furniture Design Competition as well as AIA Honor Award for conference table designs. With a year away from the field to clarify his vision, Freelon opened his own firm, simply titled, the Freelon Group in 1990. Beginning as a one-man operation, the Freelon Group grew to become one of the largest African American owned architectural firms in the country with over 50 employees, forty percent of which were women, and thirty percent were people of color. With freedom within his own firm, Freelon focused on designing learning centers, libraries and museums and vowed to never build anything that did not bring cultural and intellectual value to a community.

Over the next twenty years, Freelon would assert himself as a force in designing notable cultural institutions and community-driven projects in and around the country including the Sonja Haynes Stone Center at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC), Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture (Baltimore, MD), Museum of African Diaspora (San Francisco, CA), Harvey B. Gantt for African American Arts and Culture (Charlotte, NC), the Anacostia and Tenley-Friendship branches of the District of Columbia Public Library , National Center for Civil Rights and Human Rights (Atlanta, GA), Mississippi Civil Rights Museum (Jackson, MS) and Emancipation Park (Houston, TX). Alongside his architectural career, Freelon served as a lecturer and adjunct professor at several colleges and universities including North Carolina State University, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Maryland College Park, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Syracuse University, and the Florence, Italy program at Kent State University. Freelon was awarded a full-time appointment as professor of Professional Practice at MIT in 2008. The Professional Practice (4.222) course was a requirement for the master's in architecture and he used examples from his extensive career and personal experience to illustrate legal, ethical, and management concepts. Nnenna's music career was also thriving. She would go on to record twelve albums and be nominated for six Grammys. This fusion of education, the arts, and music inspired another generation of Freelons: their son, Pierce Freelon is a hip-hop artist, educator, and political activist; daughter Maya Freelon is a visual artist; and son Deen Freelon is a professor.

In 2001, George W. Bush established a commission to create a new museum on the National Mall. Freelon wanted to enter his firm to participate in the international design competition. Freelon would partner with famed African American New York City architect, J. Max Bond, Jr. and by 2006 the two officially formed the Freelon Bond Architects.The Freelon Bond group submitted their proposal and soon after were elected to create programming and pre-design work for the museum. When the official design competition for the museum was announced in 2008, UK-based architect David Adjaye joined the team as the lead designer, and along with the partnering firm SmithGroup, the new architectural team became Freelon Adjaye Bond/SmithGroup. The three black architects combined a variety of distinctive elements from Africa and the Americas to create the building's unique, historically significant design. The Freelon Group served as the "architect of record" and were responsible for ensuring that key design ideas were upheld. Freelon and key firm members such as Zena Howard were active as on-site project managers during the museum's construction process to certify that the building would be developed according to plan. Freelon, Adjaye, and Bond were tasked with taking the collective history of the African American experience-- generations of pain, triumph, and perseverance-- and forming it into a structure. The team looked to African sources, such as Yoruban architecture, for inspiration. They sought to connect the building's design to the geographic and cultural roots of African Americans. Their design choices also reference the contributions of enslaved and free black metalworkers made to the landscape of the American South. Their goal was to make the museum an extension of its contents, and an expression of the stories told inside. By the groundbreaking for NMAAHC in 2012, Freelon had been appointed to the U.S. Commission of the Fine Arts by President Barack Obama. In an effort to broaden his resources and expand his firm, The Freelon Group merged with Perkins & Will, a firm originating in Chicago that grew to have offices across the United States. Freelon was appointed the managing director and later lead design director at the firm's North Carolina offices in Charlotte and Durham in 2014. By the next year, Freelon understood that his work in architecture and education was a necessary voice to preserve, which he did through donation of the bulk of his personal papers to his alma mater, NC State University. The year 2016 proved to be a year of triumph for Freelon as NMAAHC opened its doors on September 24th to much jubilation and celebration. That same year, Freelon's legacy was further cemented as the Phil Freelon Fellowship Fund was established at Harvard University Graduate School of Design, a fellowship designed to broaden opportunities for African Americans and other underrepresented communities in architecture and design.

Unfortunately, this triumphant year was met with difficulty as Freelon was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive disease that affects the nervous system. He would continue to work and lecture for the next two years until it became too challenging. One of those projects was the renovation and opening of The NorthStar Church of the Arts in early 2019. A passion project with his wife and son, Pierce, a former church was renovated and repurposed as an arts and cultural space for all. This space was created in an effort to support the Durham cultural community as it began to feel the effects of gentrification. When Freelon lost his battle with ALS on July 9, 2019, in his home in Durham, North Carolina, the family requested that in lieu of flowers that donations be sent to the NorthStar Church to continue the center's mission and Phil's dream to give back to the Durham community.

Historical Timeline

1953 -- Philip Goodwin Freelon was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Allan Freelon Jr. and Elizabeth Neal Freelon.

1971 -- Freelon graduated from Central High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and entered School of Architecture, Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia as a design student.

1973 -- Freelon transferred to College of Design at the North Carolina State University in Raleigh.

1975 -- Graduated with a Bachelor's in Environmental Design in Architecture from NC State University. He received the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Book Award for Outstanding Work in Architectural Design. In the fall, he began his master's program in architecture at MIT.

1976 -- Began working as aide for architectural firm, John D. Latimer and Associates.

1977 -- Graduated with a Master's in Architecture and Design from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT.)

1978 -- Freelon became youngest architect to pass the North Carolina Architecture Registration Exam. Freelon started teaching at North Carolina State University.

1979 -- Married Chinyere "Nnenna" Pierce. Freelon began working for, 3/D International in Houston, Texas.

1980 -- Son Deen Freelon was born.

1981 -- Freelon returned to Durham, NC to join O'Brien Atkins Associates as the firm's youngest partner.

1982 -- Daughter Maya Freelon was born.

1983 -- Son Pierce Freelon was born.

1989-1990 -- Received Loeb Fellowship for independent study at Harvard University. Freelon received AIA Honor Award for American Airlines Terminal 2 at Raleigh-Durham Airport, NC (RDU).

1990 -- Freelon left O'Brien Atkins Associates to open his own firm The Freelon Group.

1991 -- Won first prize in the PPG Furniture Design Competition.

1992 -- Won the AIA Honor Award for Conference Table Designs.

2001 -- Won the AIA Firm Award for The Freelon Group and the AIA Design Award for Parking Structure, RDU Airport. Began attending meetings of President George W. Bush's commission on new National Mall museum dedicated to African American history and culture.

2003 -- Freelon merged his firm with New York architect Max Bond to create Freelon Bond Architects.

2004 -- Sonja Haynes Stone Center at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC) was completed.

2005 -- Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture (Baltimore, MD) and Museum of African Diaspora (San Francisco, CA) were both completed.

2008 -- UK-based architect David Adjaye and Washington, DC based architecture firm, Smithgroup joined the team, creating the Freelon Adjaye Bond Group/SmithGroup Freelon began teaching at MIT's school of Architecture and Design.

2009 -- Freelon Adjaye Bond/Smithgroup won the official design for the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC). Harvey B. Gantt for African American Arts and Culture (Charlotte, NC) was completed.

2010 -- Anacostia branch of the District of Columbia Public Library (Washington, DC) was completed.

2011 -- Tenley-Friendship branch of the District of Columbia Public Library (Washington, DC) was completed.

2012 -- Construction began on NMAAHC.

2014 -- The Freelon Group merged with Perkins & Will, a much larger architectural firm. Freelon became managing director and lead design director of the North Carolina branches in Durham and Charlotte. National Center for Civil Rights and Human Rights (Atlanta, GA) was completed.

2016 -- Freelon was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

2017 -- Mississippi Civil Rights Museum (Jackson, MS) and Emancipation Park (Houston, TX) were completed.

2019 -- Freelon died in his home in Durham, North Carolina at age 66 on July 9.
Related Materials:
Phil Freelon Papers, 1975-2019 at North Carolina State University Libraries.
Provenance:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Philip G. Freelon.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Business  Search this
Construction  Search this
Entrepreneurship  Search this
Local and Regional  Search this
Design  Search this
Education  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Museums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Philip G. Freelon Archival Collection, 1939-2017. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2017.51
See more items in:
Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archive
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3ba3ca2a2-5495-45cf-801c-f3d66a7002fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2017-51

Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection

Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
American Federation of Teachers  Search this
Department of Defense, Comprehensive Review Working Group  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center of Baltimore and Central Maryland  Search this
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives  Search this
San Diego LGBT Pride  Search this
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Smith College  Search this
University of Connecticut  Search this
William Way Community Center  Search this
Biren, Joan E.  Search this
Bushnell, Megan  Search this
Davidson, James, Dr.  Search this
Dietrich, Joe  Search this
Exline, Gregory  Search this
Florence, Laura  Search this
Huebner, David  Search this
Jain, Shawn  Search this
Karazsia, Amy  Search this
Karazsia, William G.  Search this
Lombardi, Angela  Search this
Lynch, Patsy  Search this
Meinke, Mark  Search this
Nitz, Ryan  Search this
Reichard, Bradley  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Ros, Silvia  Search this
Sabatino, Michael  Search this
Shannon, Michael A.  Search this
Sheets, Justin  Search this
Snodgrass, Adam  Search this
Voorheis, Robert  Search this
Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Other:
Larson, Gordon P., 1910-1988 -- 20th century  Search this
Names:
McWaine, Dwayne, Dr.  Search this
Extent:
66 Cubic feet (198 boxes, 21 map-folders)
64.2 Cubic feet (193 boxes, 21 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Passports
Postcards
Photographs
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
Dvds
Songbooks
Periodicals
Place:
Canada -- Description and Travel
Germany -- description and travel
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Washington, D.C. -- history
Los Angeles (Calif.)
New York, New York
Date:
1825-2023, undated
bulk 1960-2022
Summary:
This collection contains a variety of periodicals, photographs, correspondence, business and advertising ephemera (corporate and non-profit, personal), organizational records and ephemera, created by, for, and in reaction to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) community.
Scope and Contents:
The Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection contains periodicals, ephemera, posters, postcards, advertisements, photographs, organizational records, publications, correspondence, and other materials related to all aspects of the LGBT community and the civil rights issues pertaining thereto. The collection was created by the Archives Center to bring together materials specifically pertaining to the LGBT community. This collection contains material from communities and individuals throughout the United States. The collection is currently strongest in periodicals, newspapers and ephemera and very strong in material from California and New York. The collection continues to add new items and the researcher would be wise to take a broad view in targeting their research topics in the collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into twenty-five series.

Series 1: Periodicals, 1937-2021

Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations, 1965-2023, undated

Series 3: Community Life and Subject Files, 1825-2022, undated

Subseries 3.1: Photographs and Slides, 1870-2009, undated

Subseries 3.2: Ephemera and Buttons, 1969-2022, undated

Subseries 3.3: Posters and Prints, 1825-2018, undated

Subseries 3.4: Subject Files, 1958-2019, undated

Subseries 3.5: Pride, 1976-2022, undated

Subseries 3.6: HIV and AIDS, 1987-2020, undated

Subseries 3.7: Gay Games, 1982-2018

Series 4: Advertising, Business, and Publications, 1970-2021, undated

Subseries 4.1: Advertising, 1970-2018, undated

Subseries 4.2: Business, 1986-2021, undated

Subseries 4.3: Television, Theater, and Motion Pictures, 1978-2022, undated

Subseries 4.4: Bar ephemera and advertisement, 1979-2018, undated

Subseries 4.5: Publications, 1976-2019, undated

Series 5: Biren, Joan E. (JEB), 195-2018, undated

Subseries 5.1: Xerographic Copies of Photoprints, 1971-1995, undated.

Subseries 5.2: Posters and Oversize Advertisement, 1973-2018, undated

Series 6: Dietrich, Joseph A., 1992-2010

Series 7: Mattachine Society Records, 1942-1996, undated

Subseries 7.1: Correspondence, 1952-1991, undated

Subseries 7.2: Board of Directors Minutes, 1954-1974, undated

Subseries 7.3: Organizational Information, 1942-1993, undated

Subseries 7.4: Councils, Chapters, and Committees, 1953-1965, undated

Subseries 7.5: Conventions, 1953-1960, undated

Subseries 7.6: Publications, 1944-1996, undated

Series 8: Rainbow History Community Pioneers, 2003-2012, undated

Series 9: Strub, Sean O., addendum, 1987-2011, undated

Series 10: Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore (GLCCB, 1990-2014, undated

Series 11: Ros, Silvia, 2009-2011

Series 12: Huebner, David, 2009-2014

Series 13: St. George, Philip, 1945-1955, undated

Series 14: Will & Grace, 1995-2006

Series 15: Barna, Joseph T. and Heritage of Pride (HOP), New York, New York, 1910-2014, undated

Subseries 15.1: Photographs, Photographic Negatives, and Slides, 1985-2010, undated

Subseries 15.2: Heritage of Pride (HOP), 1984-2014, undated

Subseries 15.3: Barna, Joseph T., 1910-2013, undated,

Series 16: Becker, John M., 1999-2014, undated

Series 17: Rohrbaugh, Richard, 1972-1986, undated

Series 18: Guest, Michael E., 2001-2009

Series 19: The Fosters, 2013

Series 20: Pride at Work, 1990-2015

Series 21: Sabatino, Michael and Voorheis, Robert, 1980-2016, undated

Subseries 21.1: Archilla, Gustavo A. and Lokkins, Elmer T., 1916-2014, undated

Series 22: Gay Officers Action League (GOAL), 1982-2016, undated

Series 23: Brown, Adele "Del" and Herizon's Bar, 1985-1991, undated

Subseries 1: Changing Herizons, and Herizons Newsletter, 1983-1991

Series 24: Universal Fellowship Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC), 1957-2019, undated

Series 25: The Christmas House, Crown Media Family Networks, 2020-2021
Historical Note:
While the quest for equal rights has been pursued by generations, it is generally acknowledged that the modern day Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) civil rights movement began in New York City in June 1969 with the Stonewall Riots. Prior to this time a number of activists, individuals, and organizations such as The Mattachine Society, Daughters of Bilitis and others, fought to bring recognition of LGBT civil rights to the forefront of American society. While the movement was primarily, and most visably, centered in New York City and San Francisco, periodicals, guide books, and ephemeral material interconnected the larger LGBT community throughout the United States. The increased visibility of the LGBT movement inspired affinity groups at odds with the LGBT community's new found visibility and quest for broader civil rights. The challenge to what was termed "traditional" values encouraged these counter-LGBT groups to define and solidfy their constituency and also become more pro-active. This collection comprises material that is generated by individuals and organizations promoting both points of view.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Michio and Aveline Kushi Macro-Biotics Collection (AC0619)

The Shamrock Bar: Photographs and Interviews (AC0857)

John-Manuel Andriote Victory Deferred Collection (AC1128)

Archives Center Wedding Documentation Collection (AC1131 )

Division of Science, Medicine, and Society HIV/AIDS Reference Collection (AC1134)

John-Manuel Andriote Hot Stuff: A Brief History of Disco Collection (AC1184)

Joan E. Biren (JEB) Queer Film Museum Collection (AC1216)

World AIDS Institute (WAI) Collection (AC1266)

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) Records (AC1282)

Helping Persons with AIDS (HPA) Records (AC1283)

DC Cowboys Dance Company Records (AC1312)

Bil Browning and Jerame Davis Papers (AC1334)

David Hadley Rockwell New York Disco Ephemera Collection (AC1342)

Leonard P. Hirsch Federal Globe Records (AC1357)

Corbett Reynolds Papers (AC1390)

Mark Segal Papers (AC1422)

The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection (AC1428)

Academy of Washington Records (AC1458)

Matthew Shepard Papers (AC1463)

I'm From Driftwood Records (AC1503)

The Division of Political History holds artifacts related to gay activist Franklin Kameny and a variety of political buttons. They also hold LGBT related artifacts from Joan E. Biren (JEB).

The Division of Medical and Science holds objects donated from Dr. Renee Richards, Sean O. Strub, and Leonard Hirsch.

The Division of Entertainment and the Arts holds objects donated by The Fosters, Will & Grace, and The Christmas House.
Provenance:
This collection was assembled by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian, beginning in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women's music  Search this
Transgender people -- Identity  Search this
Sexual orientation  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
Gay activists  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
HIV and AIDS  Search this
Feminism  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Bars (Drinking establishments)  Search this
Gay Pride  Search this
Genre/Form:
Passports
Postcards
Photographs -- 2000-2010
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
DVDs
Photographs -- 20th century
Songbooks
Periodicals
Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1146
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80327b53b-2daa-47d1-8c11-89a7b3f4e1bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1146
Online Media:

Vistas and Dreams 1: Welcome and Introduction

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-12-14T19:21:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_O-pGdbyz_BA

Unita Blackwell

Artist:
Brian Lanker, 31 Aug 1947 - 13 Mar 2011  Search this
Sitter:
Unita Zelma Blackwell, 18 Mar 1933 - 13 May 2019  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 71.2 × 79.3 cm (28 1/16 × 31 1/4")
Sheet/Mount: 75.3 × 89.7 cm (29 5/8 × 35 5/16")
Mat: 88.1 × 94.4 cm (34 11/16 × 37 3/16")
Frame: 90.8 × 97.2 × 4.4 cm (35 3/4 × 38 1/4 × 1 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1988
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Unita Zelma Blackwell: Female  Search this
Unita Zelma Blackwell: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Unita Zelma Blackwell: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Lynda Lanker and a museum purchase made possible with generous support from Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker, Agnes Gund, Kate Kelly and George Schweitzer, Lyndon J. Barrois Sr. and Janine Sherman Barrois, and Mark and Cindy Aron
Object number:
NPG.2021.84
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Brian Lanker Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm495a27818-28da-4cee-9c66-3984bdff1d9e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2021.84

FBI Wanted poster for Angela Davis

Created by:
Federal Bureau of Investigation, American, founded 1908  Search this
Subject of:
Angela Y. Davis, American, born 1944  Search this
Signed by:
J. Edgar Hoover, American, 1935 - 1972  Search this
Medium:
lithographic ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 16 x 10 7/16 in. (40.6 x 26.5 cm)
Type:
posters
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 18, 1970
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Law  Search this
Politics  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Andrew Breitbart and Michael Silver
Object number:
2012.146
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Movement:
Black Power (Black Pride)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e300c946-46e3-4f80-a215-7f82a29504b3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.146

Fred Karger Papers

Creator:
Karger, Fred, 1950-  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (15 boxes, 2 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Magazines (periodicals)
Newsletters
Newspaper clippings
Posters
Television scripts
Place:
California -- Motion pictures
Date:
1950-2015, undated
Summary:
Papers documenting Fred Karger's acting career, his activism for marriage equality, preservation of the Boom Boom Room (Laguna Beach, California) and other LGBT concerns, Karger's political consulting, and his candidacy for United States President, 2012, as the first openly gay candidate of a major political party.
Content Description:
The Fred Karger Papers consist mostly of secondary materials, film scripts, newspapers, periodicals, and clippings documenting activist and former presidential candidate Fred Karger's brief film and television acting career, his activism for preservation of the Boom Boom Room (originally the South Seas) at the Coast Inn, "Save the Boom", and material from his candidacy for president in 2012. The papers contain material related to Karger's activism for marriage equality and other LGBT concerns.

The collection includes material relating to his childhood education, such as school photographs; his acting career, scripts from television shows and motion pictures he appeared in; and brochures and flyers from his political activism, including boycotts of businesses supporting Proposition 8 (protecting "traditional marriage") in California. The bulk of material relates to Karger's efforts to save the Boom Boom Room (Laguna Beach, California) credited with being the oldest gay bar in West of the Mississippi. The collection includes protest posters, some hand made; columns, articles, clippings and magazines containing articles by and about Karger, some gay-oriented, others not. Material from his presidential campaign is also included such as yard signs, posters, and posters from the 2014 documentary, Fred. There is also a framed letter from Richard M. Nixon.

There are also vintage magazines and newspaper articles covering major events, such as President John F. Kennedy's assassination and the attack on 9/11.
Arrangement:
These papers are arranged into four series.

Series 1: Activism and Presidential Campaign, 1988-2014, undated

Series 2: Theatrical Scripts, 1971-1976

Series 3: Newspapers and Magazines, 1963-2025

Series 4: Photographs and Ephemera, 1950-2010, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Portions of this biography were supplied by the donor, Fred Karger.

Fred S. Karger was born on Januray 31, 1950 in Glencoe, Illinois, the son of Richard (1911-1998) and Jean Foreman Karger (1918-2003). He attended primary and secondary schools in Glencoe. In the mid-1970s Karger pursued an acting career in Los Angeles, California. He later pursued a career in political consulting.

"Fred Karger is an American political consultant, LGBTQ rights activist, author, political pundit, writer, public speaker, former actor and 2012 presidential candidate for the Republican nomination for President. Karger has worked on ten presidential campaigns and served as a senior consultant during the campaigns of President's Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Gerald Ford.

Karger was a partner in the Dolphin Group, a California based political consulting firm for 27 years. He retired in 2004 and has since worked as an LGBTQ activist. He began in 2006 trying to save a Laguna Beach, California landmark gay bar, the Boom Boom Room.

In 2008 he founded Californians Against Hate, now Rights Equal Rights and led boycotts of four of the biggest donors to California's Proposition 8. He successfully settled three of those boycotts. Immediately after Prop 8 passed, Fred called for the State of California to investigate The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon Church) and later the states of Maine, Iowa, Hawaii and California to investigate the rabidly anti-gay National Organization for Marriage (NOM). In the summer of 2012, he launched the ongoing global Boycott of Amway after its owners, the DeVos family, contributed $750,000 to NOM.

Fred's running for the Republican nomination for president in 2012 made him the first openly gay presidential candidate from a major political party in American history, helping to pave the way for Mayor Pete Buttigieg's run in 2020." [Fred Karger Biography, AC/NMAH Control File, AC1439]

During his presidential campaign Karger appeared on six ballots; New Hampshire, Michigan, Puerto Rico, Maryland, California, and Utah. He campaigned in over 30 states and received, "widespread praise for paving the way for future LGBT candidates." Karger has been interviewed on many local, national, and international television, radio, and webcast programs. His autobiography, Fred Who? was published in 2011.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution by Fred Karger in November 2017.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gay activists  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
LGBT  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Political campaigns  Search this
Presidential campaigns  Search this
Presidential candidates  Search this
Protest  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Magazines (periodicals)
Newsletters
Newspaper clippings
Posters
Television scripts
Citation:
Fred Karger Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1439
See more items in:
Fred Karger Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83a324618-1842-4d58-891e-d85129e19037
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1439

Norman Mattoon Thomas

Artist:
Enit Kaufman, 1897 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
46.3 x 33cm (18 1/4 x 13")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1940 - 1945
Topic:
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Object number:
1947.188 NYHS
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm489219fda-7b65-46e7-abea-72b357335ec9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1947.188_NYHS

Norman Thomas

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 21.9 × 17.3 cm (8 5/8 × 6 13/16")
Sheet: 23.6 × 18.5 cm (9 5/16 × 7 5/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
November 2, 1932
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Equipment\Podium  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Richard and Andrea Kremer
Object number:
NPG.2017.144
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45b69a9c6-43a6-448d-8e95-2a80f7a113e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2017.144

Eugene Debs

Cast after:
Louis Mayer, 26 Nov 1869 - 1969  Search this
Foundry:
Roman Bronze Works, Inc.  Search this
Sitter:
Eugene Victor Debs, 5 Nov 1855 - 20 Oct 1926  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
With Base: 64.5 x 53.3 x 29.2cm (25 3/8 x 21 x 11 1/2")
Base: 28.6 x 20.3cm (11 1/4 x 8")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1968 cast after 1919 original
Topic:
Eugene Victor Debs: Male  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Firefighter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.68.36
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm445c49614-dddc-45fe-8b85-ba212471be2a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.68.36

Norman Mattoon Thomas

Artist:
Joy Buba, 1904 - 1998  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Cast stone
Dimensions:
42cm (16 9/16"), Accurate
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1951
Topic:
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.71.56
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ea3c2d04-39ec-4ef0-a977-d0912c696bf1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.71.56

Norman Mattoon Thomas

Artist:
Miriam Troop, 27 Apr 1917 - 19 Nov 2016  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 27.7 × 35.2 cm (10 7/8 × 13 7/8")
Mount: 31.5 × 40.5 cm (12 3/8 × 15 15/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1948
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Desk  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.72.48
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Miriam Troop
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b391d643-531e-462d-80f2-f85fde601d11
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.72.48

Norman Mattoon Thomas

Artist:
Samuel Johnson Woolf, 12 Feb 1880 - 03 Dec 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and chalk on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 32.3 × 23.2 cm (12 11/16 × 9 1/8")
Sheet: 56 × 42.5 cm (22 1/16 × 16 3/4")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1936
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the artist's daughters, Muriel Woolf Hobson and Dorothy Woolf Ahern
Object number:
NPG.87.128
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c404801b-6d14-4d87-ab47-ea37a461dc32
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.87.128

Eugene Victor Debs

Artist:
Hugo Gellert, 3 May 1892 - 6 Dec 1985  Search this
Sitter:
Eugene Victor Debs, 5 Nov 1855 - 20 Oct 1926  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30 × 19 cm (11 13/16 × 7 1/2")
Sheet: 63.5 × 48.2 cm (25 × 19")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1925
Topic:
Eugene Victor Debs: Male  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Firefighter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.27
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Hugo Gellert
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a4e696fc-19ae-4fc9-a009-588ee93c49d7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.87.27

Mortals and Immortals

Artist:
Carlo de Fornaro, 1871 - 1949  Search this
Sitter:
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich, 6 Nov 1841 - 16 Apr 1915  Search this
William Jennings Bryan, 19 Mar 1860 - 26 Jul 1925  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr., 10 May 1841 - 14 May 1918  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon, 7 May 1836 - 12 Nov 1926  Search this
Andrew Carnegie, 25 Nov 1835 - 11 Aug 1919  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs, 5 Nov 1855 - 20 Oct 1926  Search this
Thomas Alva Edison, 11 Feb 1847 - 18 Oct 1931  Search this
Samuel Gompers, 27 Jan 1850 - 13 Dec 1924  Search this
William Randolph Hearst, 29 Apr 1863 - 14 Aug 1951  Search this
James Jerome Hill, 16 Sep 1838 - 29 May 1916  Search this
James Weldon Johnson, 17 Jun 1871 - 27 Jun 1938  Search this
Newton Booth Tarkington, 29 Jul 1869 - 19 May 1946  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr., 14 Jun 1855 - 18 Jun 1925  Search this
Jack London, 12 Jan 1876 - 22 Nov 1916  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary, 6 May 1856 - 2 Feb 1920  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr., 8 Jul 1839 - 23 May 1937  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
Elihu Root, 15 Feb 1845 - 7 Feb 1937  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
Medium:
Bound collection of commercial relief prints on paper
Dimensions:
Book: 28 x 22.8 x 0.8 cm (11 x 9 x 5/16")
Type:
Book
Date:
1911
Topic:
James Weldon Johnson: Male  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Civil rights leader  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\School administrator\Principal  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Consul\US Consul  Search this
James Weldon Johnson: Education and Scholarship\Scholar\Translator  Search this
Jack London: Male  Search this
Jack London: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Newton Booth Tarkington: Male  Search this
Newton Booth Tarkington: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Newton Booth Tarkington: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Newton Booth Tarkington: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Male  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Wisconsin  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Wisconsin  Search this
Robert Marion La Follette, Sr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Wisconsin  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.: Male  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.: Journalism and Media\Newspaper publisher  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.: Business and Finance\Capitalist  Search this
Thomas Alva Edison: Male  Search this
Thomas Alva Edison: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Alva Edison: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary: Male  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary: Natural Resource Occupations\Explorer  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary: Natural Resource Occupations\Explorer\Arctic  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer  Search this
Robert Edwin Peary: Politics and Government\Government official\Surveyor  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Male  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive\Oil  Search this
Elihu Root: Male  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Elihu Root: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Elihu Root: Visual Arts\Visual arts administrator\Art museum administrator\Art museum trustee  Search this
Elihu Root: Nobel Prize  Search this
Elihu Root: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Think tank administrator  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Male  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Steel  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Andrew Carnegie: Education and Scholarship\Founder\Library  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Male  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Male  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Nebraska  Search this
James Jerome Hill: Male  Search this
James Jerome Hill: Business and Finance\Financier  Search this
James Jerome Hill: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad  Search this
James Jerome Hill: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Shipping  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Male  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Firefighter  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Male  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Business and Finance\Banker  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive\Railroad  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Rhode Island  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Grocer  Search this
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Rhode Island  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Education and Scholarship\Scholar\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Samuel Gompers: Male  Search this
Samuel Gompers: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Male  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Journalism and Media\Magazine publisher  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Journalism and Media\Newspaper publisher  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion pictures  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Visual Arts\Art collector  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.90.117
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d49a944f-1f29-4d2d-a713-e1ff603ac3d9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.90.117

Eugene Victor Debs

Alternate Title:
Mortals and Immortals
Artist:
Carlo de Fornaro, 1871 - 1949  Search this
Sitter:
Eugene Victor Debs, 5 Nov 1855 - 20 Oct 1926  Search this
Medium:
Commercial relief print on paper
Dimensions:
Book: 28 x 22.8 x 0.8 cm (11 x 9 x 5/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1911
Topic:
Caricature  Search this
Print  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Illustration  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Male  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Firefighter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.90.117.f
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4df18d5bb-3d7d-4a3a-8296-ef63ebce9831
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.90.117.f

Eugene Victor Debs

Artist:
Moses Wainer Dykaar, 1884 - 10 Mar 1933  Search this
Sitter:
Eugene Victor Debs, 5 Nov 1855 - 20 Oct 1926  Search this
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
78.8 x 58.4 x 30.5cm (31 x 23 x 12")
Socle footprint: 53.3 x 36.8cm (21 x 14 1/2")
With Socle: 75.6 x 53.3 x 36.8cm (29 3/4 x 21 x 14 1/2")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1922
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Male  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Eugene Victor Debs: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Firefighter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of David E. Dykaar Conserved with funds from the Smithsonian Women's Committee
Object number:
NPG.92.14
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1900-1930 (re-installation 2012)
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 322
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e4561309-a448-453e-aa8e-3d815a630516
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.92.14

Norman Mattoon Thomas

Artist:
Bernard Sanders, 1906 - 1967  Search this
Sitter:
Norman Mattoon Thomas, 20 Nov 1884 - 19 Dec 1968  Search this
Medium:
Drypoint on paper
Dimensions:
Image (plate mark): 17.6 x 12.6 cm. (6 15/16 x 4 15/16")
Sheet: 26.5 x 23 cm.
Type:
Print
Date:
1932
Topic:
Illustration  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Male  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Norman Mattoon Thomas: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Political activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.99.42.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f7c8cd26-032c-4049-9b7c-c5c331dfa14a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.99.42.4

Oral history interview with Amalia Mesa-Bains

Interviewee:
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Interviewer:
Zavala, Adriana, 1964-  Search this
Extent:
9 Items (sound files (5 hrs., 6 min.) Audio, digital, wav)
101 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2019 Nov. 3 and 4
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Amalia Mesa-Bains conducted 2019 Nov. 3 and 4, by Adriana Zavala, for the Archives of American Art, at Mesa-Bains's studio in San Juan Bautista, Calif.
Biographical / Historical:
Interviewee Amalia Mesa-Bains (1943- ) is is a visual artist and educator in San Jan Bautista, Calif. Interviewer Adriana Zavala (1964- ) is is an Associate Professor in the Department of History of Art and Architecture at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Installation artists -- California -- San Juan Bautista  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Installations (Art)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.mesa19
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f0bdf0b5-7b78-47bc-b1a9-738d6d2625fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mesa19
Online Media:

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