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Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
Carlen, Robert  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Painting -- United States  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
African American  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8586
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210765
AAA_collcode_pipphora
Theme:
Diaries
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210765
Online Media:

Horace Pippin notebooks and letters

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Names:
Carlen, Robert, 1906-1990  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
circa 1920, 1943
Summary:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters written by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The three notebooks and notebook fragments contain Pippin's World War I memoirs written in the 1920s, one of which is illustrated by Pippin with six drawings of war scenes. Two letters are dated 1943 and circa 1943. One of the letters is written to "Dear Friends" and begins with "life story of art."; the other is written to dealer Robert Carlen about showing his painting Domino [Game] Players.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters, circa 1920s, 1943; 8 items
Biographical Note:
Horace Pippin (1888 -1946) was a self-taught painter from West Chester, Pennsylvania. Pippin was inspired to paint by his experiences in France during World War I. He lost the use of his right arm when wounded during the war and, when painting, had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as "a true American primitive" in the 1940s for his paintings depicting childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, and religious subjects.
Provenance:
Horace Pippin's war memiors/notebooks and one letter were purchased from Robert Carlen, Pippin's dealer, in 1956. The 1943 letter from Pippin to Carlen was donated by Dr. and Mrs. Matthew Moore in 1983.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Painting -- United States  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pipphora
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e2285ed2-314d-43e6-ae0b-cd7bce70aae8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pipphora
Online Media:

Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1920s, 1943
Scope and Contents note:
This small collection consists of three notebooks and notebook fragments written by Pippin in the 1920s about his World War I experiences while serving in the 15th New York Infantry and as a corporal in the 369th Colored Infantry Regiment at Chateau-Thierry, Soissons, the Argonne, and elsewhere in France. One of the notebooks is illustrated by Pippin with six pencil and crayon drawings of war scenes. Also found are two letters written by Pippin in 1943 and circa 1943. One of the letters is written to Dear Friends and is entitled "life story of art"; the other is written to dealer Robert Carlen.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pipphora, Series 1
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw990df61be-2af6-4bf2-b05c-4ed5e3e2db8a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref13

Handwritten and Illustrated Notebook entitled, "Horace Pippin's Autobiography, First World War", (illustrated)

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
(62 numbered pages, pages 37-40 have been cut out)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1920s
Scope and Contents note:
Pippin recounts his World War I experiences in detail from the time he left the United States on November 17th, 1917 with the 15th N.Y. Infantry for France. Pippin writes of life in the trenches and dug-outs, night forays and traveling through enemy territory, details of days and nights of battles and getting shelled, gassed, and machine gun fire by the Germans, and his perceptions of fighting alongside French and Algerian soldiers. He also recounts the details of getting shot in the shoulder and right arm, lying in the trench too weak to get up, having a French soldier get shot and fall upon him dead and not being able to move out from under the dead man, getting some bread and water from the dead body, and finally being rescued and moved around in the field until being loaded onto an ambulance and taken to one hospital and being transferred to another one.

Illustrated with six pencil and crayon drawings of marching and battle scenes.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters / Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cff7f74b-e50a-4d8a-a9df-882dfd106cfe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref14

Handwritten Notebook

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
(50 numbered pages)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 4, 1920
Scope and Contents note:
A second handwritten account of Pippin's World War I experiences in France. In this notebook, Pippin recounts arriving in France, the cold and the snow, and his perception of the feelings of the French civilians. He also recounts an intense battle with the Germans, apparently the same battle as in the first notebook, but ending before he is shot.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters / Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dde2ef6f-3e33-410b-8bda-1e9b351369be
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref16

Handwritten Notebook entitled, "[t. Mihiel, Heaviest Champagne Argonne, Hear]"

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
(18 numbered pages)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1920
Scope and Contents note:
A third handwritten account of Pippin's World War I experiences in France. In this notebook, Pippin again recounts a battle with the Germans in France, most probably the same battle as in the other two notebooks. Note, however, that he spells Argonne as Oregon in this notebook, which differs from the writing on the cover. In this account, he recalls more conversations with fellow soldiers and orders from his officers. Again, this notebook ends before his injury occurs.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters / Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a804c150-a28b-4a22-a590-9c6199605ff0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref18

Notebook Fragments

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
(3 loose pages)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1920
Scope and Contents note:
Handwritten fragments, possibly from another notebook, recalling the same intense World War I battle in France but prefaced with some of his thoughts on war and soldiering.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters / Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9fdc2d2d1-305a-447c-8848-965422f000e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref20

Letters

Collection Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1943, 1943
Scope and Contents note:
One letter, circa 1943, is addressed to "My Dear Friends" and begins with "my life story of art. that is my art, and no one el[c]...." wherein Pippin recounts a childhood memory of creating artwork for a Sunday school sale and how the "war of 1917... brought out all of the art in me" and how he paints from it today.

A second letter dated February 1, 1943 is to Robert Carlen, his dealer. Pippin apologizes for Mr. Carlen thinking that he does not treat his friends or Mr. Carlen's friends "right, in my home, if anyone comes in to [see me] art." Pippin will see to it that Mrs. John D. Hamilton is treated as nice as possible. He goes on to say that he wants Carlen to send his Domino game painting to a show so Dr. Albert C. Barnes can see it.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters / Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c74882a2-62e2-44ec-afcb-d7fd80e33732
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pipphora-ref22

Judith K. Zilczer research photographs, ca. 1974-2003

Creator:
Zilczer, Judith  Search this
Names:
Dove, Arthur Garfield, 1880-1946  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Lindner, Richard, 1901-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia , 1887-1986  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1974-2003
Summary:
Photograph prints, negatives and color transparencies documenting early modern American artists and the contemporary artist Richard Lindner.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic images (black-and-white photographic prints, negatives and color transparencies) collected by art historian Judith Zilczer in support of her research in early modernists, collectors and patronage; early 20th century sculpture, post-Impressionists; and music and art synergies. Among the artists represented: Milton Avery, Oscar Bluemner, John Covert, Andrew Dasburg, Arthur B. Davies, Charles Demuth, Arthur Dove, Marcel Duchamp, Marsden Hartley, B.J.O. Nordfelt, Georgia O'Keeffe, Francis Picabia, Horace Pippen, Morton Schamberg, Charles Sheeler, Joseph Stella, Abraham Walkowitz and Max Weber.

A second large part of the collection consists of research images assembled during the organization of the Hirshhorn Museum's 1996 retrospective exhibition for artist Richard Lindner.

In addition, the collection also includes some typescript manuscripts and article offprints authored by Zilczer in which the images were featured, including:

"Decoding John Covert's Time, 1919," Art Bulletin, Vol. LXXV, no. 4 (Dec. 1993), pp. 713-722.

"Light Coming on the Plains: Georgia O'Keeffe's Sunrise Series," artibus et historiae, No. 40, 1999, pp. 191-208.

"Color Music": Synaesthesia and Nineteenth Century Sources for Abstract Art," artibus et historiae, No. 16, 1997, pp. 101-126.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into two series:

Series I: Early Modernists

Series 2: Richard Lindner
Biographical / Historical:
Judith K. Zilczer, Curator Emerita of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, organized more than two dozen exhibitions in her twenty–nine years at the museum, where she served as Historian, Curator of Paintings, and Acting Chief Curator.

She has written and lectured widely on modern and contemporary art and is particularly known for her work on connections between music and art, and artists such as Horace Pippin, Willem de Kooning, and Richard Lindner. Born in 1948, she holds a PhD from the University of Delaware.
Provenance:
The collection was receieved as a gift from Judith K. Zilczer in 2014.
Restrictions:
The collection, which is undergoing processing and cataloging, is open for research use in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions may apply.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art, American -- Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Judith K. Zilczer Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Identifier:
SAAM.Photo.ZIL
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ih74269b0bf-fabf-4120-9ac8-edd20ca04929
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-saam-photo-zil

Oral history interview with Edward L. Loper

Interviewee:
Loper, Edward L., 1916-2011  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Names:
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Carlen Galleries  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration.Art Program  Search this
Barnes, Albert C. (Albert Coombs), 1872-1951  Search this
De Mazia, Violette, 1899-  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
132 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1989 May 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edward Loper conducted 1989 May 12, by Marina Pacini, for the Archives of American Art. Loper speaks of his early life and education; his work on the WPA's Federal Art Project in Delaware, on the Index of American Design and the easel project; his self-education and stylistic development; meeting Albert Barnes; studying with Violette De Mazia at the Barnes Foundation; meeting Horace Pippin; his exhibition history and his affiliation with various galleries, including the Carlen Galleries; his teaching career; his experiences as an African American artist; the art scene in Wilmington.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward L. Loper (1916-2011) was a painter and instructor of Wilmington, Del.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hrs., 33 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Delaware -- Wilmington  Search this
Educators -- Delaware -- Wilmington  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.loper89
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93e2a1d70-3066-4b22-bfc3-a2b7940efd8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-loper89
Online Media:

Horace Pippin memoir of his experiences in France during World War I

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
between 1920 and 1943?
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Memoirs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7432
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7432

Horace Pippin memoir of his experiences in France during World War I

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Type:
Writings
Place:
France
Date:
1920 Oct. 4
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Memoirs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7433
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7433

Horace Pippin memoir of his experiences in World War I

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Type:
Writings
Place:
Europe
Date:
ca. 1921
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Memoirs  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7434
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7434

Horace Pippin memoir fragments

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
ca. 1920
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Inspiration  Search this
Memoirs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7435
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7435
Online Media:

Horace Pippin, West Chester, Pa. letter to unidentified recipient

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
Pippin, Horace  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
ca. 1943
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Inspiration  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7468
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7468
Online Media:

Horace Pippin, West Chester, Pa. letter to Robert Carlen, Philadelphia, Pa.

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Carlen, Robert, 1906-1990  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Subject:
Barnes, Albert C. (Albert Coombs)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1943 Feb. 1
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7469
See more items in:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7469

Horace Pippin printed material, 1939-1946

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Pennsylvania -- West Chester  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10161
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213144
AAA_collcode_pipphopm
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213144

3 self-taught Pennsylvania artists: Hicks, Kane, Pippin. Exhibition at the Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Oct. 21-Dec. 4, 1966, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, Jan. 6-Feb. 10, 1967

Title:
Three self-taught Pennsylvania artists
Hicks, Kane, Pippin
Author:
Carnegie Museum of Art  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Subject:
Hicks, Edward 1780-1849  Search this
Kane, John 1860-1934  Search this
Pippin, Horace 1888-1946  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) 121 plates (some col.) 29 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1966
[1966?]
Call number:
N40.1.H59 T5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_43782

Horace Pippin printed material

Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel (25 items on partial microfilm reel)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1939-1946
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection consists of printed material related to the artistic career of African American painter Horace Pippin. Materials include newspaper clippings, exhibition announcements, and exhibition catalogs.
Biographical / Historical:
Horace Pippin (1888-1946) was a self-taught painter from West Chester, Pennsylvania. Pippin was inspired to paint by his experiences in World War I. He lost the use of his right arm when he was wounded during the war and, when painting, had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as "a true American primitive" in the 1940s for his paintings depicting childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, and religious subjects.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1987 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- West Chester  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Pennsylvania -- West Chester  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.pipphopm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw973a2828d-9f6c-487a-b1a5-fc27faca168e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pipphopm

Linda Freeman papers

Creator:
Freeman, Linda, 1941-  Search this
Names:
L & S Video, Inc.  Search this
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Pindell, Howardena, 1943-  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Extent:
32.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Moving images
Documentary films
Date:
1971-2015
bulk 1990-2011
Summary:
The papers of multimedia artist and filmmaker Linda Freeman measure 32.9 linear feet and date from 1971-2015, with the bulk of the material dating from 1990-2011. The collection primarily consists of the production archives of Freeman's video documentary production company L and S Video, producer of 27 short subject documentaries on contemporary American art and artists. Subjects include Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Charles Burchfield, Elizabeth Catlett, Chuck Close, Robert Colescott, Jimmy and Max Ernst, Red Grooms, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Faith Ringgold, and Betye and Alison Saar. Additional documentaries on subjects other than single artists include works on Luba artists of Central Africa, the creative process (on Freeman and five other artists featured in other documentaries in the collection), mixed media artists (on Alvin Loving, Flo Oy Wong, and Alison Saar), self-taught artists (on William Hawkins, Bill Traylor, and Grandma Moses), and a six-part series on art subjects for children called I Can Fly.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of multimedia artist and filmmaker Linda Freeman measure 32.9 linear feet and date from 1971-2015, with the bulk of the material dating from 1990-2011. The collection primarily consists of the production archives of Freeman's video documentary production company L and S Video, producer of 27 short subject documentaries on contemporary American art and artists. Subjects include Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Charles Burchfield, Elizabeth Catlett, Chuck Close, Robert Colescott, Jimmy and Max Ernst, Red Grooms, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Faith Ringgold, and Betye and Alison Saar. Additional documentaries on subjects other than single artists include works on Luba artists of Central Africa, the creative process (on Freeman and five other artists featured in other documentaries in the collection), mixed media artists (on Alvin Loving, Flo Oy Wong, and Alison Saar), self-taught artists (on William Hawkins, Bill Traylor, and Grandma Moses), and a six-part series on art subjects for children called I Can Fly.

For each documentary, original, unedited footage shot by Freeman of artist interviews, studio footage, and interviews with subject experts is found, featuring curators, gallerists, collectors, and art historians speaking about the documentary subjects. In almost every case, significant original footage is found that was not used in the finished documentary and therefore unique to this collection, especially in the form of original interviews and studio footage.

Footage obtained from third-parties for use in the documentaries is found for several works including the Red Grooms, Luba, Crown Heights, and Romare Bearden documentaries. Notable among third-party material is a copy of Howardena Pindell's video performance work "Free, White, and 21" (1980). Also found are original footage and master material for "Pit Stop," a short fiction film by Robert Colescott, produced by Linda Freeman.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 25 series, with most series representing the records of a single documentary production. Order of series is alphabetical by subject's last name, followed by titles for non-biographical works.

Media within series are typically grouped into three subseries: one for original, unedited footage and transcripts; one for production material, including media artifacts from intermediate stages of production and paper records of the production such as notes and drafts; and finally one for finished documentaries. Footage obtained from third-party sources is arranged with production material. Smaller series are arranged similarly but without formal subseries.

Audio and video tapes are housed separately from paper and digital records to facilitate access to both types of material. Also note that media are listed as items, which may be comprised of multiple tapes or single tapes, or multiple items on a single tape. As a result, physical folders may contain tapes from more than one item, and items can span multiple folders.

Series 1: Emma Amos: Action Lines (1996), 1991-2005 (1.3 linear feet; boxes 1-2, 28)

Series 2: Benny Andrews: The Visible Man (1996), 1991-2000 (1.2 linear feet; boxes 2, 28)

Series 3: Romare Bearden: Visual Jazz (1995), 1971-2000 (2.3 linear feet; boxes 3-4, 28, FC 34-36)

Series 4: Charles Burchfield's World (2004), 2004-2005 (0.3 linear feet; boxes 4, 28)

Series 5: Elizabeth Catlett: Sculpting the Truth (1998), 1998-2000 (1.3 linear feet; boxes 4-5, 28-29)

Series 6: Chuck Close: Close-up (2003), 2003-2006 (0.8 linear feet; boxes 6, 29)

Series 7: Robert Colescott: The One-Two Punch (1992), 1980-2005 (1.7 linear feet; boxes 6-8, 29, 33)

Series 8: "Pit Stop" by Robert Colescott (1995), 1995-1998 (1.1 linear feet; boxes 8, 29, FC 37-38)

Series 9: Jimmy and Max Ernst: Dada's Son (2005), 2005 (0.2 linear feet; boxes 8, 29)

Series 10: Red Grooms: Sculptopictoramatist (2008), 2008 (1.2 linear feet; boxes 9-10, 29)

Series 11: Jacob Lawrence: The Glory of Expression (1993), 1991-2007 (2.3 linear feet; boxes 10-11, 29, 32-33)

Series 12: Richard Mayhew: Spiritual Landscapes (2000), 1999-2000 (0.8 linear feet; boxes 11-12, 29)

Series 13: Howardena Pindell: Atomizing Art (1998), 1991-2005 (0.9 linear feet; boxes 12-13, 29)

Series 14: Horace Pippin: There Will Be Peace (1997), 1997-2000 (0.9 linear feet; boxes 13-14, 29-30)

Series 15: Faith Ringgold: The Last Story Quilt (1992), 1990-2007 (1.9 linear feet; boxes 14-15, 30, 33)

Series 16: Faith Ringgold Paints Crown Heights (1994), 1994-2005 (2.5 linear feet; boxes 15-17, 30, 33)

Series 17: Betye and Alison Saar: Conjure Women of the Arts (1994), 1990-2005 (2.3 linear feet; boxes 17-19, 30, 33)

Series 18: African Art, Women, History: The Luba People of Central Africa (1998), 1990-2000 (1.0 linear feet; boxes 19-20, 30)

Series 19: The Creative Process: Artists At Work (2011), 2006-2011 (0.3 linear feet; boxes 20, 30)

Series 20: I Can Fly Series, 1999-2011 (3.8 linear feet; boxes 20-23, 31)

Series 21: Mixed Media Masters (2008), 1991-2008 (1.0 linear feet; boxes 24, 31)

Series 22: School's Out: Self-Taught Artists (2001), 1995-2001 (1.1 linear feet; boxes 24-25, 31)

Series 23: Women in Their Studios: Jennifer Bartlett and Jackie Winsor (2006), 2005-2006 (0.6 linear feet; boxes 25-26, 31)

Series 24: Other Projects, 1988-2015 (1.6 linear feet; boxes 26-27, 31-32)

Series 25: L and S Video Records, 1990-2008 (0.5 linear feet; boxes 27, 32)
Biographical / Historical:
Linda Freeman(1941- ) is a multimedia artist and filmmaker in New York, New York. Freeman manages L and S Video (established 1987), a company that creates, produces, and distributes documentaries about American Artists.

In a lecture by Freeman at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in October 2000, she describes how she received training in filmmaking at New York University, and set out to create documentaries about contemporary artists who were both widely recognized as important artists and had not yet been the subjects of documentaries. Her first subject was Faith Ringgold, who she approached in 1990 for what would become Faith Ringgold: The Last Story Quilt. Freeman went on to produce 28 documentaries with director and writer David Irving featuring primarily living African American artists, but also women artists, self-taught artists, and mixed-media artists. The documentaries are based on extended interviews with the artists, studio footage of the artists working, and interviews with notable curators, dealers, critics, art historians, and other artists with expertise in the work and career of the subject at hand. Freeman included herself in the documentary The Creative Process: Artists at Work along with footage of other artists from her previous productions that had not been used in her finished works to date.

As an artist, Freeman has shown work in multiple traveling group exhibitions including "Women Call for Peace: Global Vistas," "Our Ancestors Quilt Project," "Women Only! In Their Studios," "Voices in Cloth: Story Quilts," and has had solo exhibitions at the Henry Gallery at Penn State Great Valley and SOHO20 gallery.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2015 by Linda Freeman, L and S Video.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The donor has retained all intellectual property rights, including copyright, that she may own.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Multimedia artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women filmmakers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Moving images
Documentary films
Unedited footage
Citation:
Linda Freeman papers, 1971-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.freelind
See more items in:
Linda Freeman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c7fb8df0-ed52-4180-bcff-6da23941a3c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-freelind

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