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Harrisburg -- Breeze Hill

Former owner:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
Landscape architect:
Manning, Warren H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Dauphin County -- Harrisburg
Breeze Hill (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Date:
1930-1940
Scope and Contents note:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General note:
Breeze Hill was a Victorian clapboard house and gardens on two and a half acres in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Planting began in 1909 by J. Horace McFarland (b.1859-1948). The informal garden rooms were made up of contoured beds. Over many years of planting, re-planting, testing new cultivars and replacing unsuccessful specimens it is estimated that more than 5,000 rose plants comprising 800 varieties were grown by McFarland. Although best known for roses, the garden at Breeze Hill also grew native plants, beds of spring bulbs, peonies, lilac and mock orange borders, and a lily pond.
Known as 'Doctor Rose,' J. (John) Horace McFarland was president of the American Rose Society (1930-1932) and helped to transform it from a growers' trade association to a public institution, with the slogan "A rose for every home, a bush for every garden." He was editor and publisher of American Rose Annual and American Rose Magazine (1916-1943), and established the generally accepted rose identification and registration method. Breeze Hill's gardens were used as trial sites for new rose cultivars. The Peace Rose, a French cultivar hybridized by Francis Meilland that was sent out of that country for safekeeping during World War II, was planted at Breeze Hill, and popularized by the American Rose Society. Three new roses were named for J. Horace McFarland: Editor McFarland, Horace McFarland, and The Doctor. He received the Dean Hole Memorial Medal in 1942 from The National Rose Society of England, the Jane Righter Medal of the Garden Club of America in 1942, the Pugsley Gold Medal of the American Scenic and Historical Preservation Society in 1937, and many other awards related to horticulture.
His professional life, as owner of Mt. Pleasant Press, was recognized with an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Dickinson College in 1924, and occasional lectures at Harvard University. McFarland was an innovator in producing and printing color photography, and his company was pre-eminent in printing flower and seed catalogs, and other horticultural work. He produced about 50,000 photographs of specimen blooms or displays from his own garden and elsewhere that were made available for reproduction.
Persons associated with the garden include: J. Horace McFarland (former owner, 1909-1948) and Warren H. Manning (landscape architect, 1860-1938).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Harrisburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF, File PA083
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
J. Horace McFarland Company collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mcf-ref11877

Bar Harbor -- Kenarden

Former owner:
Dorrance, Ethel Mallincknot  Search this
Collet, Ethel Dorrance  Search this
Kennedy, John Stewart  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Mount Desert  Search this
Garden designer:
Bracale, Dennis  Search this
Landscape architect:
Farrand, Beatrix, 1872-1959  Search this
Sculptor:
Soderholtz, Eric E.  Search this
Architect:
Rowe & Baker  Search this
Carroll, Grisdale & Van Alen  Search this
Collection Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Maine -- Hancock County -- Bar Harbor
Kenarden (Bar Harbor, Maine)
Scope and Contents note:
The folders includes worksheets, historical information about the property, and a garden tour description.
General note:
The original gardens at Kenarden were designed by landscape architect Beatrix Jones Farrand (1872-1959) early in the last century and have been restored and replanted by the current owners. The gardens include a formal rose garden with boxwood edging that has a contemporary Lunaform urn at its center. The fomal sunken Italianate garden's balustrade and pergola were replicated by garden designer Dennis Bracale, and the flower beds were replanted. Urns created by Eric Ellis Soderholtz in the early 20th century are in situ in the Italianate garden as well as around the residence. Large cutting and vegetable gardens were installed in the same location as the historic gardens, alongside greenhouses. Many of the original outhouses remain on the property as well as mature specimens including a Japanese umbrella pine, a very large hawthorn tree, a mature gingko, and very mature pieris, kalmia and rhododendron. An iron fence surrounding the property was added with new perimeter plantings. The drive from the main entrance cuts through native woods that are maintained as a decorative feature.
Kenarden Lodge was one of the original summer properties built at the end of the 19th century in Mount Desert, Maine. The turreted mansion with its own electrical plant designed by New York architects Rowe and Baker in 1892 was torn down in the 1960s and another house was built in its place circa 1970 by the architectural firm Carroll, Grisdale & Van Alen. The first owner of the property was financier John Stewart Kennedy; the estate was sold in the 1930s to Ethel Mallinckrot Dorrance, widow of Dr. John Thompson Dorrance, a chemist at Campbell who invented condensed canned soups.
Encouraged by Beatrix Farrand, Eric Ellis Soderholtz switched from photography to manufacturing garden urns and other ornaments, some of which remain at Kenarden.
Persons associated with the garden include John Stewart Kennedy and members of the Kennedy family (former owners, 1892-1933); Ethel Mallinckrot Dorrance (former owner 1933-1958); Ethel Dorrance Colket (former owner 1958-1966); Rowe and Baker (architects of original house, 1892); Beatrix Jones Farrand (landscape architect, circa 1915); Carroll, Grisdale & Van Alen (architects of current house, 1970-1972; firm in business 1946-1973 ); AB & JR Hodgkins, Inc. (builders of current house, 1970-1972); Dennis Bracale, Gardens by Design (landscape designer).
See others in:
Garden Club of America Collection, ca. 1920-[ongoing].
Holdings:
Kenarden related holdings consist of 3 folders (36 35 mm. slides; 15 digital images.; 4 photographic prints; 3 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maine -- Bar Harbor  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF, File ME044
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
J. Horace McFarland Company collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States / Maine
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mcf-ref8387

Dallas -- Neels Garden

Landscape designer:
Neels, Carl  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Neels Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles.
General:
Established in 1974, this Highland Park garden was modeled after an eighteenth-century English cottage garden. A longtime landscaper and garden designer in Dallas, the Carl Neels transformed the small flat 60 by 129 foot plot beginning with no trace of a garden into a lush landscape offering colorful displays in every season. The addition of two feet to the soil level at one corner, and building steps up to an elliptical lawn gave greater dimension to the landscape, and the appearance of a larger garden was achieved by creating sight lines which run diagonally from corner to corner. Features include a parterre, a pond, a cloister, and a woodland area, as well as various focal points provided by garden sculptures and outdoor furniture. In addition to creating a serene retreat in the naturalistic garden rooms at the back of the residence, the owner maintains the beds at the front of the property and public easements around his home, offering lovely garden views to members of the local community to enjoy as they pass by on their daily activities.
Maximizing the respite from the heat of summer, the garden is design to be enjoyed particularly in winter. It features over twenty varieties of arborvitae, and chamaecyparis, Japanese maple, juniper, cedars and over fifteen other evergreens serve as a year-round backdrop and provide winter interest. Plantings such as violets, lavender, stock, cyclamen, and white heath offer additional color in cooler months. In summer impatiens and begonia thrive in the regions of the garden dominated by wet soil, and in drier parts of the garden marigolds, periwinkles, salvia, ageratum and blue haze provide quick carpets of color. The owner has a particular fondness for perennials and has found lythrums, Coreopsis verticillata, coneflowers, peachleaf bellflower, and Achillea ptarmica to consistently perform well in the Texan summer.
Persons associated with the garden include: Emmy Hill (former owner, 1952-1984); Carl Neels (landscape designer, 1974-present; and owner,1984- present).
Related Materials:
Neels Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35 mm slides (photographs); 3 photographic prints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Cottage gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX103
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13488
Online Media:

Houston -- Schlumberger Garden

Landscape architect:
Fleming, C. C. Pat, d. 1996  Search this
Thompson & Hanson  Search this
Architect:
Eubanks, Edwin A.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Carmichael, Nona  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Houston  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Schlumberger Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, articles, and an update sheet.
General:
Situated on approximately three-quarters of an acre, this property features a series of garden rooms designed by landscape architect C.C. "Pat" Fleming. When the Tudor style home was purchased by former owners in 1980 Fleming was engaged to design the graceful sequence of spaces that as of 2012 remain preserved by the present owners. The original landscape design featured a rose garden at the front of the property, situated on the edge of an azalea framed motor court, as well as a large walled garden comprised of flagstone terraces, a secret garden, a crapemyrtle allée, and a formal pool garden
True to the original design, azaleas feature prominently in the landscape, as do roses and flowering trees. Star jasmine and climbing roses continue to grow on an arbor designed by architect Edwin A. Eubanks which presides over the formal pool garden. As the landscape has aged, the present owners have allowed the garden to evolve while respectfully maintaining the spirit of Fleming's original design. The crapemyrtle have given way to better highlight a crabapple, the many azalea, which had grown quite large, have been reigned in to allow other plantings to shine. A boxwood parterre, a cutting garden, and an herb garden have been added.
An update of the garden documentation was provided in 2012.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Showers (former owners, circa 1935-1949); Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Davis (former owners, 1949-1980); Mr. and Mrs. Pierre Marcel "Pete" Schlumberger (former owners, 1980-1994); Cameron Fairchild (architect, ca. 1935); C.C. Pat Fleming (landscape architect, 1980); Edwin A. Eubanks (architect, 1984); and Nona Carmichael of Thompson+Hansen (landscape architect, ca. 1995-present).
Related Materials:
Schlumberger Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (12 35 mm slides (photographs); 1 photographic print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX046
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13506

West Lake Hills -- David-Peese Garden

Photographer:
Druse, Kenneth  Search this
Designer:
David, James deGrey  Search this
Peese, Gary  Search this
Architect:
Coote, James Robert  Search this
Lamb, Paul  Search this
Lawrence, Mell  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
David-Peese Garden, (West Lake Hills, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Travis -- West Lake Hills
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a planting list, lecture notes, and articles featuring the property of James David.
General:
This two-acre garden in West Lake Hills, a suburb of Austin, Texas is based on classical and Texas garden traditions and designed by a professional landscape architect and horticulturist. The garden has evolved and expanded since its inception in 1978. The garden mixes formal and informal, modern and traditional elements through a series of garden rooms. Strong directional paths and architectural elements unify an otherwise eclectic style.
Features include a swimming pool, greenhouse, dovecote, gravel terrace, pond with limestone terrace bisected by a runnel leading to it, dining terrace, lawn, French-inspired garden and a vegetable garden. Plantings include agaves, bambusa, clematis, ilex, and pollarded sycamores.
Persons associated with the garden include: Robert James Coote (architect, 1979); Paul Lamb (architect, 1988); Mell Lawrence (architect, 2003 and 2007); James deGrey David (owner, landscape architect, 1978- ); Gary R. Peese (owner, 1978 - ).
Related Materials:
David-Peese Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (48 slides; 325 transparencies; 36 digital images)
See others in:
Ken Druse garden photography collection 1978-2005.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- West Lake Hills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX115
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13523

Harrisville -- Blackwood

Provenance:
Carrie T. Watson Garden Club  Search this
Garden designer:
Kemenyffy, Susan Hale.  Search this
Garden consultant:
Kemenyffy, Susan Hale.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Blackwood (Harrisville, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Butler County -- Harrisville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, and photocopies of articles.
General:
Blackwood is a forty-acre property that serves as a performance venue for a restored Art Deco theater pipe organ. The gardens were designed for strolling after the performances. The owners purchased part of their property, which borders mining areas, in 1970 and built a simple structure so they could obtain electricity. Other buildings were constructed and the nearby gardens in the 1970s and 1980s were planted with colorful annuals. Walkways were paved for easy access. Perennial garden beds were designed in the 1990s and planted first with more than seventy varieties of daylilies in raised beds with large rocks from the property anchoring the garden and interplanted with herbs, followed by plantings of sedum, hibiscus and hydrangeas to extend the season of blooms. Next to a swimming pool a 30-foot long pergola supports wisteria, beyond which there is a shade garden of ligularia, cimicifuga and ostrich ferns. A circular garden that is about sixty feet in diameter sits in a sunny meadow. That garden is divided into quadrants, each with distinct plantings of colorful spring bulbs and summer perennials. A spring house and pond are connected by an arced bridge to a fern garden with native and cultivated varieties, perennial geranium and snakeroot for color and nearby flowering shrubs that add fragrance. Beyond there is a woodland garden with oak, maple and wild cherry trees and naturalized Spanish bluebells.
Future plans include a meditation garden comprised of a 40-foot diameter labyrinth of stones with grass walkways that will be sited near the woodland garden. Another feature on the property is a 70-foot tall clock tower with an antique Seth Thomas clock.
Persons and groups associated with the garden include: Susan Kemenyffy (garden consultant and designer, 2000-2013).
Related Materials:
Blackwood related holdings consist of 1 folder (36 photographic prints; 15 digital images)
See others in:
Garden Club of American collection, ca. 1920- [ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Harrisville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA714
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16473

David M. Brown Papers

Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Extent:
11.76 Cubic feet (33 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mini dv (videotape format).
Technical manuals
Commercial correspondence
Calendars
Reports
Date:
1970-2005
bulk 1980-2002
Summary:
The David M. Brown Papers consist of almost twelve cubic feet of archival material documenting his career as a U.S. Navy flight surgeon, naval aviator, and NASA astronaut. It includes Brown's diaries, manuals, checklists, certificates, workbooks, notebooks, and related training materials.
Scope and Contents:
The David M. Brown Papers reflect Brown's career as a U.S. Navy flight surgeon, naval aviator, and NASA astronaut. Represented in some of the collection's correspondence, memoranda, and other materials is his early interest in becoming an astronaut, his applying to NASA, and his selection by the space agency as an astronaut candidate. Most of this collection consists of materials related to his professional work. A large part of this series is composed of technical manuals, handbooks and checklists. Also included in this grouping are official U.S. Navy/NASA documents, correspondence, memoranda, drafts, worksheets, reports, handouts, briefings, notes, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, books, booklets, guidebooks, magazines, journals, and miscellaneous materials. The rest of the collection contains a small amount of personal materials. This includes personal documents from Brown (birth certificate, passports, etc.), correspondence, day planners, yearbooks, photographs, and miscellaneous materials. The collection also includes 160 mini DV (SD) tapes that Brown shot of the astronaut crew training for STS-107 Columbia.
Arrangement:
The Brown Papers are organized into two broad series. First, is the material pertaining to Brown's personal life. This includes personal documents, correspondence, day planners, yearbooks and photographs. The second series contains papers revolving around Brown's professional life. This includes official U.S. Navy/NASA documents, correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts, reports, handouts, briefings, a variety of manuals, checklists, handbooks, procedures and instructions, notebooks, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, books, guidebooks, magazines, journals, and miscellaneous materials. Brown's papers are arranged both chronologically and alphabetically. Official and personal documents, correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts, worksheets, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, magazines, journals, day planners, yearbooks and miscellaneous materials are organized by the former method. Reports, handouts, briefings, manuals, handbooks, checklists, procedures, instructions, books, booklets, and guidebooks are arranged alphabetically by title. The reader will note that the parts of this finding aid containing manuals, handbooks, checklists, procedures, and instructions are further organized into the following groupings: NASA only, corporation/contractor only, jointly-issued NASA and corporation/contractor, and miscellaneous.

The reader should note that this group of material also contains a collection of films pertaining to Brown's life and career as an astronaut. A National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives staff person can assist you regarding access to these films.

SERIES I -- Personal Papers

Personal Documents

Correspondence

Day Planners

Yearbooks

Photographs

Miscellaneous Materials

SERIES II -- Professional Papers

Official U.S. Navy/NASA Documents

Correspondence

Memoranda

Notes, Drafts, and Worksheets

Reports, Handouts, and Briefings

Manuals, Handbooks, Checklists, Procedures, and Instructions

Notebooks and Workbooks

Photographs

Invitations, Programs, and Pamphlets

Books

Booklets and Guidebooks

Magazines and Journals

Newsletters

News Clippings

Miscellaneous Materials

Oversized Materials
Biographical / Historical:
David M. Brown was a U.S. Navy officer, flight surgeon, naval aviator, and Space Shuttle astronaut. Born in Arlington, Virginia, on April 16, 1956, Brown earned a B.S. in biology from the College of William and Mary in 1978 and a doctorate in medicine from Eastern Virginia Medical School in 1982. During his years in college, he performed in the Circus Kingdom as an unicyclist, stilt walker, and acrobat. Upon completing an internship at the Medical University of South Carolina, Brown joined the Navy and finished his flight surgeon training in 1984. After a stint as director of medical services at the Navy Branch Hospital in Adak, Alaska, he was then assigned to Carrier Airwing Fifteen which deployed aboard the USS Carl Vinson in the western section of the Pacific Ocean. In 1988, Brown was selected for pilot training, the only flight surgeon chosen for this program in over ten years. Two years later, he was designated a naval aviator and ranked first in his class. Subsequently, Brown was sent for training and carrier qualification in the Grumman A-6E Intruder. In 1991, he was attached to the Naval Strike Warfare Center in Fallon, Nevada, where he served as a Strike Leader Attack Training Syllabus Instructor and a Contingency Cell Planning Officer. The following year, he was sent to serve aboard the USS Independence, flying the A-6E with squadron VA-115. In 1995, he reported to the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School as their flight surgeon. By this time, Brown was qualified in a variety of military aircraft, including the McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet and the Northrop T-38 Talon. All told, Brown accumulated over 2,700 hours with 1,700 in high performance military aircraft.

For a long time, Brown harbored a strong desire to become an astronaut. During the mid 1990s, he applied for admission into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) astronaut corps. In April 1996, Brown was selected as an astronaut candidate by the space agency and reported to the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas, later that year. By 1998, he completed his training and evaluation, and was qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Initially, Brown was given the task of supporting payload development for the International Space Station (ISS), followed by an assignment on the astronaut support team responsible for Space Shuttle cockpit setup, crew strap-in, and landing recovery. Eventually, he was assigned a flight aboard Space Shuttle Columbia for the STS-107 mission. Columbia was launched from the Kennedy Space center (KSC) on January 16, 2003. This 16-day flight was dedicated to scientific research while in Earth orbit. On February 1, after the successful in-space mission and only minutes from its scheduled landing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Cape Canaveral, Florida, the orbiter suffered structural failure upon reentry into the atmosphere and disintegrated over Texas and Louisiana. Brown, as well as the other six members of the STS-107 crew, was killed in the accident. Brown logged 15 days, 22 hours and 20 minutes of space flight experience.

The following chronology covers key events in Brown's life, as well as in the realm of space exploration history. Events involving Brown are shown in normal type while those of the latter are shown in bold type.

1956 April 16 -- Brown born in Arlington, Virginia

1957 October 4 -- Russia's successful launch of first artificial satellite,Sputnik 1

1958 January 31 -- Successful launch of first U.S. artificial satellite,Explorer 1

1961 April 12 -- Russia's successful launch of first human into space, Yuri Gagarin aboardVostok 1

1961 May 5 -- Successful launch of first U.S. astronaut into space, Alan Shepard aboard Mercury-Redstone 3 (Freedom 7)

1969 July 16-24 -- Flight ofApollo 11succeeds in landing U.S. astronauts on the moon

1972 -- The Nixon administration approves the Space Shuttle as a national program

1974 -- Brown graduates from Yorktown High School, Yorktown, Virginia

1977 August-October -- Series of five Approach and Landing Tests (within the atmosphere) of Space ShuttleEnterprise

1978 -- Brown graduates from William and Mary College with a B.S. in biology

1981 April 12 -- First launch into earth orbit for the Space Shuttle program byColumbia(STS-1)

1982 -- Brown graduates from Eastern Virginia Medical School with a doctorate in Medicine (M.D.)

1984 -- Brown completes his U.S. Navy flight surgeon training

1986 January 28 -- Space ShuttleChallenger(STS-51-L) explodes shortly after launch, killing all on board

1988 -- Brown is selected by the U.S. Navy for pilot training

1988 September 29 -- Return to flight of the Space Shuttle program byDiscovery(STS-26)

1990 -- Brown is designated as a naval aviator and ranks first in his class

1990 April 24 -- Launch of Space ShuttleDiscovery(STS-31) with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) as payload

1991 -- Brown is attached to the Naval Strike Warfare Center in Fallon, Nevada

1992 -- Brown serves aboard aircraft carrier USS Independence and pilots the Grumman A-6E Intruder aircraft with VA-115

1995 -- Brown reports to U.S. Naval Test Pilot School as the flight surgeon

1996 April -- Brown is selected by NASA as an astronaut candidate (ASCAN)

1998 -- Brown successfully completes his astronaut training and evaluation

1998 October 29 -- Launch of Space ShuttleDiscovery(STS-95) with astronaut John Glenn returning to space after his first orbital flight aboardFriendship 7in 1962

2003 January 16 -- Launch of Brown and the crew of Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107)

2003 February 1 -- STS-107 disintegrates over Texas and Louisiana shortly before scheduled landing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida, with the loss of Brown and the crew
Provenance:
Paul and Dorothy Brown, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Space flight  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Space Shuttles, Columbia (OV-102)  Search this
Space Shuttle Program (U.S.)  Search this
Color photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Mini DV (Videotape format).
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Commercial correspondence
Calendars
Reports
Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, NASM.2006.0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0013
Online Media:

SCDB-148: Freestar Training

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
February 26 - 27, 2002
Scope and Contents:
2/26/2002 and 2/27/2002. Freestar training audio (pic soft). Crew in clean room with Principal Investigator, wearing masks. Classroom, possibly whole crew synchronized. Lunar eclipse photography working with PGSCs (Payload General Support Computers) and procedures.

Film Type: Color; Sound; DVCAM (SD) Run Time: 0:28:34
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, NASM.2006.0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VK 00127
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref1023

250 Alcazar, Patio de las Doncellas - Fachada del Salon de Carlos Quinto

Maker:
Laurent, Jean  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
albumen (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 24.8 cm x 33 cm; 9 3/4 in x 13 in
Object Name:
photograph, albumen
Place made:
Spain: Andalusia, Seville
Date made:
1855-1886
Subject:
Architecture  Search this
ID Number:
2019.0179.0001
Accession number:
2019.0179
Catalog number:
2019.0179.0001
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-9f9a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1935910

1429. Sevilla - Vista general del Ayuntamiento

Maker:
Laurent, Jean  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
albumen (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 24.8 cm x 33 cm; 9 3/4 in x 13 in
Object Name:
photograph, albumen
Place made:
Spain: Andalusia, Seville
Date made:
1855-1886
Subject:
Architecture  Search this
Carriages  Search this
Horses  Search this
ID Number:
2019.0179.0002
Accession number:
2019.0179
Catalog number:
2019.0179.0002
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-9f9b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1935911

269. Sevilla, Torre de la Catedral ó Giralda

Maker:
Laurent, Jean  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
albumen (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 33 cm x 24.5 cm; 13 in x 9 21/32 in
Object Name:
photograph, albumen
Place made:
Spain: Andalusia, Seville
Date made:
1855-1886
Subject:
Architecture  Search this
Church  Search this
ID Number:
2019.0179.0003
Accession number:
2019.0179
Catalog number:
2019.0179.0003
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-9f9c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1935912

1552 San Sebastian - Entrada del puerto

Maker:
Laurent, Jean  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
albumen (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 24.8 cm x 33 cm; 9 3/4 in x 13 in
Object Name:
photograph, albumen
Place made:
Spain: Basque Provinces, San Sebastián
Date made:
1855-1886
Subject:
Maritime  Search this
ID Number:
2019.0179.0004
Accession number:
2019.0179
Catalog number:
2019.0179.0004
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-9f9d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1935913

Camera slate used in production of Everybody Loves Raymond

User:
Rosenthal, Phil  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
metal (screws material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 1/2 in x 11 in x 1 in; 24.13 cm x 27.94 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
camera slate
Place made:
United States: Texas, Fort Worth
Date made:
before 1996
ID Number:
2018.0200.04
Accession number:
2018.0200
Catalog number:
2018.0200.04
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-5bf7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1924738
Online Media:

Final Night of the Republican Convention

Depicted (sitter):
Bush, George W.  Search this
Bush, Laura Welch  Search this
Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
August 3, 2003
2000-08-03
Subject:
Presidents--Election  Search this
Presidents  Search this
First Ladies  Search this
Related event:
Republican National Convention of 2000  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0005.001
Catalog number:
2003.0005.001
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09cf-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246823

John and Cindy McCain end their presidential campaign

Depicted (sitter):
McCain, John  Search this
McCain, Cindy  Search this
Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: Arizona, Sedona
Date made:
2000-03-09
Subject:
Presidential Candidates  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 2000  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0005.002
Catalog number:
2003.0005.002
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Government, Politics, and Reform
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-b944-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246824

Jeff MacNelly

Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: Virginia, Flint Hill
Date made:
2000-03-25
Subject:
Men  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Dogs  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0005.003
Catalog number:
2003.0005.003
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09d0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246825

Joe Rosenthal

Depicted:
Rosenthal, Joe  Search this
Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: California, San Francisco
Date made:
2000-07-01
ID Number:
2003.0005.004
Catalog number:
2003.0005.004
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09d4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246826

Howard Fineman

Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Yachats
Date made:
2000-06-22
ID Number:
2003.0005.005
Catalog number:
2003.0005.005
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09d5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246827

West of Eden

Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 35.5 cm x 28 cm; 13 31/32 in x 11 1/32 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
France: Occitanie, Canet
Date made:
2000-09-10
ID Number:
2003.0005.006
Catalog number:
2003.0005.006
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09d6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246828

A dip in the road

Maker:
Kennerly, David Hume  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
emulsion (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 35.5 cm; 11 in x 14 in
Object Name:
Photograph
Silver gelatin
Place made:
United States: California, Santa Monica
Date made:
2000-06-13
ID Number:
2003.0005.007
Catalog number:
2003.0005.007
Accession number:
2003.0005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-09d7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1246829

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