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World War II Photographs and Publications [Shipley]

Creator:
Shipley, Vern Dean  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Corps  Search this
Extent:
0.47 Cubic Feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logs (records)
Date:
bulk 1943-1946
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of materials relating to Vern Dean Shipley's service with the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II including photographs, publications, and Shipley's pilot's log book. The log book covers the timeframe from May 1944 through June 1946. There are six photographs, all black and white, that range in size from approximately 4.5 by 6.5 inches up to 10 by 31 inches. The photographs show U.S. Army Air Corps personnel as well as the following aircraft: North American AT-6B Texan; Consolidated B-24 Liberator; and the Grumman F4F Wildcat. Also in the collection are several publications including Alert, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Quarterly of the Basic Training Center No. 4, Army Air Forces Technical Training Command); Wings for Combat: The Story of the Army Air Forces Training Command, 1943; and Marfa Army Air Field. Finally, the collection includes a program from the graduation ceremonies of Class 44-K at Marfa Army Air Field dated February 1, 1945.
Biographical / Historical:
Vern Dean Shipley (1924-2012) served with the U.S. Army Air Corps in World War II, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. Shipley flew from Sequoia Field, California; Gardner Army Air Field, California; Marfa Army Air Field, Texas; and Lincoln Army Air Field, Nebraska. Shipley flew various aircraft including the Stearman (1927) PT-13D Kaydet (Model E75); Vultee BT-13A Valiant; Cessna UC-78 (C-78, Bobcat, Cessna T-50); Cessna AT-17 (T-17, Bobcat, Cessna T-50); North American AT-6 Texan; and the Beech AT-11 Kansan. After retiring from the military, Shipley worked as an Engineer for Ford Motor Company.
Provenance:
David Shipley, Gift, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logs (records)
Citation:
World War II Photographs and Publications [Shipley], Accession 2014-0006, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2014.0006
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2014-0006

Cyrus Bettis Collection

Topic:
United States. Army. Air Service
Creator:
Bettis, Cyrus  Search this
Names:
Pulitzer Trophy Race  Search this
Patrick, Mason M. (Mason Mathews)  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1924-1926
Scope and Contents:
This collection consist of Cyrus Bettis' logbook, photographs, correspondence and news clippings that document the Pulitzer Trophy flights as well as Bettis' career as an Army Air Service pilot.
Biographical / Historical:
Cyrus Bettis (1893-1926) was one of the leading Army Air Service pursuit pilots in the early 1920s. Born in Carsonville, Michigan, Bettis entered the Army as a flying cadet in February 1918. He attended the school of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois and was sent to Camp Dick, Dallas, Texas in April of that year. He finished his flight training and was commissioned second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Air Service on September 11, 1918. On July 1, 1920, Bettis was commissioned in the Regular Army and promoted to first lieutenant. During the International Air Races in 1924, Lt. Bettis won the John L. Mitchell Trophy Race. Bettis won the 1925 Pulitzer Trophy competition and established a world record of 249.342 miles per hour, flying the Curtiss R3C-2 Racer in its land plane configuration. Bettis was also the backup pilot for the 1925 Schneider Trophy competition, and flew the R3C extensively in its float plane configuration. Bettis, along with Lt. James Doolittle, was awarded the Mackay Trophy for 1925. Bettis died at the Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington DC on September 1, 1926, as a result of injures he received in an aircraft accident on August 23, 1926, when in heavy fog he crashed into a mountainside near Bellefonte, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Aviationbug.com, purchase, 2009, NASM.2009.0038
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Curtiss R3C-2 Racer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Cyrus Bettis Collection, Acc. 2009.0038, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2009.0038
See more items in:
Cyrus Bettis Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2009-0038
Additional Online Media:

John DeCamp Collection

Creator:
DeCamp, John, 1917-2003  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logs (records)
Photographic prints
Date:
bulk 1943-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material relating to John H. DeCamp and his aviation career: color snapshot of DeCamp taken in April 1993 standing in front of a restored Consolidated B-24 (also an eight by ten inch color copy); one black and white eight by ten inch copy print of DeCamp in uniform as a Lieutenant; one eight by ten inch black and white photograph of DeCamp's crew taken 28 September 1944 at March Field; one five by seven tinted photograph of DeCamp standing in front of a North American AT-6 training aircraft; one tinted eight by ten inch copy print of DeCamp's wife Jane, in uniform as an Army nurse; one seven by ten inch black and white photograph of DeCamp's training class taken in front of a Beech AT-7; DeCamp's logbook of his flights from 19 August 1943 through 4 September 1945; one black and white snapshot of DeCamp in the cockpit of a Consolidated B-24; a photocopy of the "Form 1A" and "Badpenny" in formation; and an Illinois State Register article for May 24, 1945.
Biographical / Historical:
John DeCamp (1917-2003) was born in Springfield, Illinois. DeCamp was a bomber pilot who served with the 90th Bomb Group, the Jolly Roger Squadron, in the South Pacific during World War II. He received the Air Medal, several Bronze Star citations, and he led the 5th Air Force from the Philippines in bombing Hong Kong. DeCamp graduated from the University of Southern California and was the manager of Labor Relations for Caterpillar, Inc. He was a member of the 90th Bomb Group Association.
Provenance:
Jane DeCaqmp, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Consolidated B-24 Family  Search this
Beech AT-7  Search this
North American AT-6  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Photographic prints
Citation:
John DeCamp Collection, Accession number 2005-0064, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0064
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0064

Arthur T. Atherholt Collection

Creator:
Atherholt, Arthur T., 1867-1915  Search this
Names:
Ben Franklin Aeronautical Society  Search this
Gordon Bennett Balloon Race  Search this
Philadelphia Aero Club  Search this
Watts, John  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet (1 legal document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Maps
Clippings
Logs (records)
Date:
1906-1913
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographs, newspaper clippings, a speech, flight logs, and maps documenting Atherholt's balloon racing career.
Biographical / Historical:
Arthur T. Atherholt (1867-1915) was an aid to Major Hersey in the American Gordon-Bennett Trophy Race and was also one of the contestants during the 1907-1912 races. During his 1912 racing attempt he and copilot John Watts crashed in Russia and were held prisoners for over a week. Atherholt was one of the first members of the Philadelphia Aero Club, and later the president of this organization. He was also instrumental in organizing the Ben Franklin Aeronautical Society in Philadelphia.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mary Ellen Tully, gift, 1992, 1992-0043, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Maps
Clippings
Logs (records)
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0043
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0043

US Coast Guard Radioman Material

Creator:
Eastman, Ross F.  Search this
Names:
United States. Coast Guard  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logbooks
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1943-1954
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of an Aviators Flight Log Book belonging to United States Coast Guard Radioman Ross F. Eastman; the logbook records entries for the period July 23, 1943, through November 21, 1947, when Eastman was based at US Coast Guard Air Station Salem, on Winter Island in Salem, Massachusetts. Highlights include coastal patrols, rescues, and short hops in the Cape Cod region throughout 1944-45; a cross-country flight in February and March 1946 from Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Beverly (Massachusetts) to Seattle, Washington, and return; and Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress training in Florida in May 1946. The collection also includes five black and white photographs relating to his service, taken at the USCG Air Station Salem, Massachusetts (four images), and in the Yakutat, Alaska, region (one image).
Biographical / Historical:
Ross F. Eastman was a Radioman for the United States Coast Guard. He was based at US Coast Guard Air Station Salem, located on Winter Island in Salem, Massachusetts, from 1943-1947.
Provenance:
Leatrice Eastman, Gift, Year 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logbooks
Photographs
Citation:
US Coast Guard Radioman Material, Accession 2005-0057, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0057
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0057

John Earl Smerdon, Jr. Papers

Creator:
Smerdon, John Earl, Jr.  Search this
Extent:
0.28 Cubic Feet ((2 containers))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logbooks
Date:
bulk 1945-1963
Scope and Contents:
EThis collection consists of papers relating to John Earl Smerdon, Jr.'s military career including log books, pilot's licenses, photographs, correspondence, military records, and newsclippings. The log books cover the years of 1945-1963. The photographs are almost exclusively black and white and range in size from 3.5 by 2.5 inches up to 8 by 10 inches. The photographs include various views of Smerdon in uniform as well as in the cockpits of various aircraft including the North American FJ-4B (AF-1E) Fury; North American SNJ Texan; Curtiss SB2C Helldiver; Vought (RF-8A) F8U-1P Crusader; Douglas A3D (A-3) Skywarrior (photograph also includes McDonnell F3H-2N (F-3C) Demon, Douglas F4D (F-6) Skyray, North American FJ-4 (F-1E) Fury, Grumman F11F-1 (F-11A) Tiger, and Douglas A4D-1 (A-4A) Skyhawk); and the Douglas AD-5N (A-1G) Skyraider.
Biographical / Historical:
John Earl Smerdon, Jr. (1925-2000) was a naval aviator and test pilot who flew numerous aircraft, including the National Air and Space Museum's Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (BuNo 83479). Smerdon enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1943 at the age of 17. In 1946, Smerdon was designated as a naval aviator. Smerdon served with the reserves until being transferred to the Regular Navy at the rank of Lieutenant (junior grade) in March 1949. Smerdon later served as a test pilot at Naval Air Station Patuxent River and Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake. Smerdon retired from the Navy in 1963 as a Commander. During Smerdon's service with the U.S. Navy he flew numerous aircraft including the Stearman (1927) N2S-3 Kaydet (Model B75N1); North American SNJ Texan; Douglas SBD Dauntless; Curtiss SB2C Helldiver; Beech SNB-2C, SNB-3, and SNB-4 Navigator; Douglas R4D Skytrain; Douglas AD (A-1, BT2D) Skyraider; Grumman F6F Hellcat; Vought F4U Corsair; Boeing 767 Tanker Transport (KC-767); North American T-28 Trojan; Grumman S-2 (S2F) Tracker; Martin (Glenn L.) P5M (P-5) Marlin; Douglas F3D (F-10) Skyknight; Grumman TF-1 (C-1A) Trader; Lockheed P2V (P-2) Neptune; Douglas R5D Skymaster; Douglas A3D (A-3) Skywarrior; Martin (Glenn L.) P4M Mercator; McDonnell F2H (F2D, F-2) Banshee; Lockheed WV Super Constellation; Vought F7U Cutlass; Grumman F11F (F-11) Tiger; Grumman F9F Panther (Straight-Wing); Fairchild R4Q-2 (C-119F) Packet; Vought F-8 (F8U) Crusader; Grumman UF-1 (HU-16C) Albatross; Lockheed TV-2 (TO-2, T-33B) Shooting Star; Lockheed T2V Seastar; North American FJ-4B (AF-1E) Fury; Douglas A4D-2N (A-4C) Skyhawk; Beech TC-45J Expeditor; and the Piper UO-1 (U-11A).
Provenance:
David Smerdon, Gift, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver Family  Search this
North American FJ-4B (AF-1E) Fury  Search this
Douglas A3D-1 (A-3A) Skywarrior  Search this
Douglas AD-4NA (A-1D) Skyraider  Search this
Vought (RF-8A) F8U-1P Crusader  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logbooks
Citation:
John Earl Smerdon, Jr. Papers, Accession 2013-0035, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0035
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0035

Serge Gluhareff Papers

Creator:
Gluhareff, Serge Eugene  Search this
Names:
Sikorsky (Aircraft manufacturer)  Search this
Gluhareff, Michael.  Search this
Sikorsky, Igor Ivan, 1889-1972  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((3 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Correspondence
Logbooks
Diaries
Date:
bulk 1920 -1986
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.20 cubic feet of material relating to Serge Gluhareff's career with Sikorsky Aircraft including: photographs; news clippings; correspondence; philatelic materials; immigration paperwork; and his pilot's licenses, medical certificates, and ratings. Notable figures who appear in the photographs (in addition to Serge Gluhareff) include Michael E. Gluhareff; Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky; H. Franklin Gregory; Dimitry D. "Jimmy" Viner; Reginald Alfred Charles Brie; Charles L. "Les" Morris; and Leslie Bradford Cooper. Aircraft seen in the photographs include the Sikorsky (VS-317) S-51; Sikorsky S-39 Sport Amphibion; Sikorsky (VS-316A, S-48) XR-4; Sikorsky (VS-317, S-51) XR-5; Sikorsky (VS-316A, S-48) R-4B (H-4B); Sikorsky S-43 Amphibion (Baby Clipper); Sikorsky VS-300 ; and the Sikorsky S-37 "Ville de Paris" ("Southern Star"). Also in the collection are digital image files scanned from a diary, loaned for copying by the donor, written by Serge Gluhareff's wife, Norma. These pages contain both her written recollections of Serge and his career, as well as photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Serge Eugene Gluhareff (1903-1958) was an engineer who worked on several major Sikorsky aircraft models. Gluhareff was born in Russia in 1903 and went to school in Finland from 1919 to 1924, obtaining an engineering degree from the School of St. Alexis. While in Finland, Serge and his brother Michael (also an engineer) built and flew their own gliders. Serge and Michael came to the United States in 1924 and went to work for the Sikorsky Aero Engineering Corp. in Westbury, Long Island, New York as engineering draftsmen. Serge rose through the ranks becoming engineering supervisor at the Sikorsky plant in College Point, Long Island (1926-1929), then executive engineer (1934-1943) and later assistant engineering manager for research and development at the Stratford, Connecticut facility, a position he held from 1943 until he was forced to retire for health reasons in 1954. Serge had a long and close association with Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky and was the project engineer for important Sikorsky models such as the Sikorsky S-39 Sport Amphibion; Sikorsky S-40 Clipper; Sikorsky S-42 Clipper; Sikorsky VS-44; Sikorsky S-34; and the Sikorsky S-36. Serge also assisted in the development of Sikorsky's early helicopter models, including the Sikorsky VS-300. Serge obtained his pilot's license in 1928 and acted as test pilot for some early flights of the VS-300. Serge was also a member of many professional organizations including the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences; American Helicopter Society; Society of Automotive Engineers; and the Connecticut Association of Professional Engineers.
Provenance:
David Gluhareff, Gift, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Sikorsky (USA) VS-300 Family  Search this
Sikorsky (VS-316A, S-48) YR-4B (YH-4B)  Search this
Lockheed WV-2Q (EC-121M) Warning Star  Search this
Sikorsky S-39A Sport Amphibion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Correspondence
Logbooks
Diaries
Citation:
Serge Gluhareff Papers, Accession 2015-0050, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0050

Roland Chilton Collection

Creator:
Chilton, Roland.  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co  Search this
Extent:
0.91 Cubic Feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Patents
Photograph albums
Reports
Drawings
Logs (records)
Patent applications
Date:
bulk 1914-1965
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following items documenting Roland Chilton's aviation patent career: photographs; two 11 x 7 inch black photo albums, labeled "Healey-Aeromarine Bus Co., Inc. Keyport - New Jersey USA," which contain photographs of engines from Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co.; log book for a Wright R 760 engine; Chilton's pilot log books; World War I registration cards and passports; newspaper clippings; patent and tax paperwork; reports on Chilton's trip to the United Kingdom in 1941; an Aeromarine S-12 Engine report; and drawings of Blade Rolling Machines.
Biographical / Historical:
Roland Chilton (1890- ) was a prolific designer of over 150 aviation engine and accessory mechanisms. Born in Wolverhampton, England, Chilton immigrated to the United States in 1918, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1941. Chilton started his career working at Sunbeam Motor Car Co., LTD, in Wolverhampton, England, before moving to London where he was in charge of the engine section of B. Napier & Son. In 1914, Chilton became the Chief Engineer for Fergus Motors and entered the United States to work in Fergus' American offices. Chilton then joined Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co. as the Chief Engineer for Aero Engines, Starters and Buses in 1920. Ten years later, he was hired as a Consulting Engineer for Wright Aeronautical Corporation. He retired from Wright Aeronautical Corporation in 1949, and by that time held over 150 United States patents, ranging from articulated propellers to the Chilton Damper.
Provenance:
Bonnie Hampton, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Aeromarine S-12  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Photograph albums
Reports
Drawings
Logs (records)
Patent applications
Citation:
Roland Chilton Collection, Accession number 2005-0042, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0042
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0042

Louis W. Schalk, Jr. Collection

Names:
Lockheed Aircraft Corp  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logbooks
Newspaper clippings
VHS (videotape format)
Date:
bulk 1948-1957
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of .23 cubic ft of photographs, newspaper articles, and military documentation chronicling Louis W. Schalk's aviation career. The military records include the following: medical exam documentation; 2nd Lieutenant certificate (1948); individual flight records, 1949-1957, from the Air Force Flight Test Center (ARDC) at Edwards AFB, showing him flying the Lockheed F-104A Starfighter, the North American F-86 Sabre, F-100A Super Sabre, the Douglas C-47D Skytrain, and the Republic F-84 (P-84); and memos saying he was to perform maintenance test flights in the Lockheed T-33 (TP-80, TF-80) Shooting Star, Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star, Republic F-84, McDonnell F-101 Voodoo, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, and North American F-86 Sabre. The photographs consist of thirty-eight black and white, mostly 8 by 10 inch, images of Schalk and the various aircraft he flew. The collection also includes a folder of newspaper articles, and one videotape of the Lockheed A-12 (Blackbird)'s first flight and other Schalk-related footage.
Biographical / Historical:
Louis W. Schalk, Jr., (1929-2002) graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1948 with a bachelor of science in military arts and engineering. He received his aviation training at Nellis Air Force Base, and was assigned to a fighter bomber wing in Germany. In 1954, he attended the Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base and graduated at the top of his class. Schalk served as a test pilot at Edwards until 1957, when he joined Lockheed Aircraft as an engineering test pilot. In 1959 he was selected as chief test pilot for Lockheed Martin's Advanced Development Programs, i.e., "Skunk Works." In 1962, Schalk made the first flight of the Lockheed A-12 (Blackbird), and later flew Mach 3 flights of the Lockheed SR-71 (Blackbird). He was the winner of the 1964 Society of Experimental Test Pilots Iven C. Kincheloe Award.
Provenance:
Nancie Schalk Johnson, Gift, 2012
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Lockheed A-12 (Blackbird)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logbooks
Newspaper clippings
VHS (videotape format)
Citation:
Louis W. Schalk, Jr. Collection, Accession 2013-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0013
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0013

William J. Powell Collection

Topic:
Craftsmen Aero News (journal)
Creator:
Powell, William J., 1899-1942  Search this
Names:
"Five Blackbirds" Demonstration Team  Search this
Bessie Coleman Aero Club  Search this
Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Powell, William J., 1899-1942  Search this
Extent:
0.31 Cubic Feet (1 shared legal-size box 1 flat box 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Date:
1917 - 1942
Summary:
The William J. Powell Collection consists of materials concerning the career and personal life of African-American entrepreneur and pilot William J. Powell, including his service in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I, his automobile business in Chicago, and his advocacy for African-American aviation as the founder of Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., author of Black Wings, and a primary organizer of the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team. Materials include identification and membership cards, flight logs and officer records, newspaper clippings, advertisements, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials concerning the career and personal life of African-American entrepreneur and pilot William J. Powell, including his service in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I, his automobile business in Chicago, and his advocacy for African-American aviation as the founder of Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., author of Black Wings, and a primary organizer of the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team.

The following types of materials are included: AEF identification card and records book, advertisements for his automobile business, his 1938-1939 flight logs, legal documents, marriage license, diploma, membership cards, burial and funeral records, and newspaper clippings. The collection also includes photographs from his time with the AEF and Bessie Coleman Aero Club, as well as portraits of Powell and his family. Materials found in the collection seem to indicate that some photographs have come from individuals other than Powell.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three categories: Aviation Career (American Expeditionary Forces and African-Americans in Aviation), Personal Materials (marriage and death records, automobile business, and memberships), and Photographs (AEF, aviation, portraits and family, and albums). Within these categories, materials are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
William J. Powell (1899-1942) was a prominent African-American entrepreneur and pilot who urged African-Americans to become part of the future aviation industry.

Powell was born in Henderson, Kentucky, on July 29, 1899. He moved to Chicago at the age of eight. He entered the University of Illinois in 1916. He went to Officers' Training Camp in Fort Des Moines, Iowa, in June 1917, and was commissioned as a First Lieutenant in the American Expeditionary Forces at the completion of training camp. He served with the 317th Engineers and 365th Infantry during World War I. After his honorable discharge in 1919, he returned to the University of Illinois, graduating with honors and a degree of Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering in 1922.

He worked as an electrical engineer and electric welding instructor for Rock Island Railroad for two years. In 1924, he opened his first filling station and in two years' time, he had built a successful automobile business in South Chicago before moving to Los Angeles in 1928.

During the late 1920s and 1930s, Powell worked tirelessly to promote airmindedness in the black community. Under his umbrella organization, Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., Powell wrote a thinly disguised autobiography, Black Wings, in 1934; wrote and directed a 1935 documentary film, Unemployment, the Negro and Aviation; and published a trade journal entitled Craftsmen Aero News (1937-1938). Powell was also instrumental in organizing the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team. William J. Powell died in July 1942.
Provenance:
Donated by William H. Powell, III, gift, in 1999. Materials found in the collection seem to indicate that some photographs have come from individuals other than Powell.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Citation:
William J. Powell Collection, Accession 1999-0049, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0049
See more items in:
William J. Powell Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0049
Additional Online Media:

Denis H. Carey (Isle of Grain) Collection

Creator:
Carey, Denis H.  Search this
Names:
Great Britain. Royal Air Force  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Naval Air Service. Air Stations  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Naval Air Service. Air Stations. Isle of Grain  Search this
Carey, Denis H.  Search this
Extent:
2.04 Cubic feet ((9 folders) (2 20x24x3 flatboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Date:
1918-1923
bulk 1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three scrapbooks and five logbooks belonging to Denis H. Carey. The scrapbooks contain photographs of Royal Navy Air Stations, ships, flying boats, floatplanes and land planes used by the British around 1918. They include approximately 28 different airplanes, 9 different ships and aerial views of various air stations. The five logbooks document Carey's flying career in the Royal Air Force (1919-1936) [and perhaps Royal Naval Air Service?]. Two hundred and fifteen of the photographs from his scrapbooks that pertain to seaplanes at the Isle of Grain facility are found on National Air and Space Museum Videodisc 2B. More than three dozen types of aircraft are represented in the collection, including: the De Havilland D.H. 9A and D.H. 10 Amiens, the Fairey Atalanta, the Bristol F.2B, and the Parnall Puffin. Also pictured are several aircraft that have crashed. The seaplanes are shown on the airfield, on the HMS Eagle carrier, at takeoff, landing, and taxiing both on land and water. Only a small number of photographs display aircraft weaponry, with even fewer showing any Naval personnel.
Biographical / Historical:
Denis Carey was a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force. According to his logbooks, Carey flew over eighty different types of aircraft. The seaplane test-site on the Isle of Grain was one of the principal sites out of which he flew. This facility was established in 1912 by Winston Churchill for the Royal Naval Air Service (which merged with the Royal Air Force in 1918). Following World War I, test-flying of seaplanes continued to be carried out at the Isle of Grain.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
D. H. Carey?, gift, XXXX-0289, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.9A  Search this
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.10 Amiens Family  Search this
Fairey N.4 "Atalanta"  Search this
Bristol Fighter F.2B (Brisfit)  Search this
Parnall Puffin (GP)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0289
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0289

Rubye Berau Collection

Creator:
Berau, Rubye, 1900-1978  Search this
Names:
National Air Races  Search this
Ninety-Nines (Organization)  Search this
Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993  Search this
Harter, Harry  Search this
Kitchingman, Ray "Kitch"  Search this
Settle, Thomas G. W.  Search this
Smith, Babe Walker  Search this
Extent:
0.18 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Articles
Logs (records)
Telegrams
Tickets
Place:
Ohio -- Akron
Date:
bulk 1931-1977
Summary:
The Rubye Berau Collection measures 0.18 cubic feet and dates from 1931-1977. The collection materials document Berau's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following types of material chronicling the aviation career of Rubye Berau: scrapbook pages; photographs, including shots of Berau, Babe Walker Smith, Admiral T. G. W. Settle, Harry Harter, Major Addison, Ray "Kitch" Kitchingman, Jimmy Doolittle, and groups shots of Squadron of Death (S. O. D.) members; newspaper articles; Berau's logbook (1931-1936); Berau's 1935 noncommercial pilot's license; telegram; S.O.D. Emblem; and autographed National Air Race tickets, 1934-1935.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Biographical / Historical:
Rubye Berau (1900-1978) was the proprietor of "The Canteen" in Akron, Ohio, when she became interested in aviation. In 1931, she became a member of the Squadron of Death (S.O.D.), an all-woman group of student fliers based at the Akron Airport. The Squadron had thirteen members and met the second Friday of each month and always on a Friday the 13th. Berau completed her training under Ray "Kitch" Kitchingman and received her pilot's license on August 23, 1932. She was part of an act with Babe Smith Walker, where Berau flew the aircraft and Walker was the parachute jumper. Berau also bought an aircraft, flown by Kitchingman, which was used to charter trips. She was a member of the Ninety-Nines.
Provenance:
Robert B. Cooley, Gift, 2004, NASM.2004.0066
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Women air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Articles
Logs (records)
Telegrams
Tickets
Citation:
Rubye Berau Collection, Acc. 2004.0066, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0066
See more items in:
Rubye Berau Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0066
Additional Online Media:

Harry Copland Collection

Creator:
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Flying Service, Inc  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
United States. Army. Air Corps. Southeast Army Air Corps  Search this
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.78 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box) (3 shoeboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Date:
1917-1953
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three boxes of 4' and 3' glass slides, dating from the early 1930s. The slides are probably from 1919-1932 when Copland was an instructor and lecturer for Curtiss Flying Service, Inc. There are also seven log books chronicling both Copland's civilian and military flights (1917-1942) and numerous private and commerical pilots, mechanic, and medical licenses mostly from the 1920s-1940s. Lastly, there is a small black binder full of aerial photographs and notes, relating to a number of fields that were used for World War II training. All of the fields were part of the Southeast Army Air Corps, which included a number of civilian contract schools. Included in this notebook are lists of the officers for each school. The following fields and schools are included: Riddle Aero Inst., Florida; Lodwick School of Aero, Florida; Hawthorne School of Aeronautics, South Carolina; Tuskegee Institute, Alabama; Darr Aero Tech, Georgia; Graham Aviation Company, Georgia; Embry-Riddle Company, Florida; Lodwich Aviation Military Academy, Florida; Southeastern Air Service, South Carolina; Southern Aviation School, South Carolina; Clarksdale School of Aviation, Mississippi; South Aviation Training School, Alabama; Raymond-Richardson Aviation Co, Georgia; Helena Aero Tech, Arkansas; and Greenville Aviation School, Florida.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Depew Copland (1896-1976) was an Early Bird, soloing in a glider in 1909 and in an airplane in 1911. His many achievements include: exhibition flights, (1911); British Blockade Runners, radio officer (1915-1916); Canadian Royal Flying Corps 203rd Squadron, 1st Lieutenant and Flight Commander (1917-1919); District Manager of the New England Flying Service in charge of Curtiss Primary School Flying Operations (1929-1932). During World War II he served at Maxwell Field, AL, and as commanding officer of the 19th AAF Basic Flying Detachment at Greenville, S.C. Copland was also involved with Altantic Airways, Inc., United Air Lines, and was the Director of Florida Aviation Department.
General:
Other materials: Two pouches which had held licenses and log books were transferred to NASM Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Harry Copland?, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0439, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0439
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0439
Additional Online Media:

William Aiken, Sr., Papers

Creator:
Aiken, William Sr., 1907-  Search this
Names:
United States. Civil Air Patrol -- California.  Search this
Aiken, William Sr., 1907-  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Logs (records)
Financial records
Date:
1907-1980
bulk 1935-1974
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Pilot Log Books, photographs, newspaper clippings, California Civil Air Patrol documents, financial and personal records, an autobiographical manuscript and negatives, all pertaining to William Aiken, his family and friends.
Biographical / Historical:
William Aiken, Sr. was a pioneer in African-American aviation in California from the 1930s through the 1960s. He was born in Plainsdealing, Louisiana in 1907, left home at the age of 13 and worked his way to California performing odd jobs. In the mid-1920s he started his own car washing business and began taking flying lessons. In 1928 he soloed for the first time and in 1936, Aiken earned his private pilot's license. He joined the California Civil Air Patrol, and was appointed a Second Lieutenant and Commanding Officer of the Los Angeles Squadron #7, California Wing in 1948. Aiken became a flight instructor, instructing not only his own children, but any African-American youth with the desire to learn to fly. He continued to fly until he suffered a stroke in 1969.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Kim Hamilton, gift, 1997, 1997-0024, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Logs (records)
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0024
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0024

John Rolland Snowdall Papers

Names:
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logbooks
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
bulk 1940-1950
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.23 cubic feet of John Rolland Snowdall's personal papers including copies of his full military service records; Snowdall's Aviators Flight Log Book for all the official military flights in which he participated; photographs; and a newsclipping. The collection also contains ten humorous cartoons depicting Navy life signed by Chuck Haven. One of the cartoons is an original pencil sketch and Snowdall is the subject of the cartoon. Also in the collection is a page taken from a scrapbook which contains a handwritten poem entitled, "My Dog Tags," written by Charles MacJanus.
Biographical / Historical:
John Rolland Snowdall enlisted in the U.S. Navy at the age of 17 in May 1941 in Creston, Iowa. After training, Snowdall was first assigned to Utility Squadron One (VJ-1) in February 1942 and was later stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. During this time, Snowdall was first a Seaman Second Class and later was a Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class. During his time with VJ-1, Snowdall worked on Sikorsky (S-43) JRS-1 and Grumman J2F-5 Duck aircraft. In April 1943, Snowdall was transferred to Utility Squadron 9 (VJ-9) and stationed at Espiritu Santo and Efate, Vanuatu. During this time, Snowdall worked on the following aircraft: Lockheed PV-1 Ventura; Consolidated PBY Catalina; Cessna JRC-1 (Cessna T-50); Martin (Glenn L.) JM-1 Marauder (Model 179C); Douglas SBD Dauntless; and the Grumman JRF-5 Goose. In April 1945, Snowdall was transferred once again to Utility Squadron Twelve (VJ-12). Snowdall attended Aircraft Hydraulics School in Chicago, Illinois in May 1945. John Rolland Snowdall was honorably discharged from the Navy in September 1945 as an Aviation Machinist's Mate H First Class.
Provenance:
Dan Snowdall, Gift, 2012
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Sikorsky (USA) JRS-1  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logbooks
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
John Rolland Snowdall Papers, Accession 2013-0033, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0033
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0033

Cecil P. Northrop Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI) Collection

Names:
Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI)  Search this
Pennsylvania Central Airlines  Search this
Extent:
0.79 Cubic Feet (2 letter document boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logs (records)
Training manuals
Correspondence
Photographic prints
Date:
1931-1943
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to Cecil P. Northrop's aviation career with the Pennsylvania Central Airlines and the Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI).
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to Cecil P. Northrop's aviation career with the Pennsylvania Central Airlines and the Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI). The following types of material are included: correspondence, photographs, technical manuals, training instructions, pilot licenses, reports, newspaper articles, and log books.
Arrangement:
...
Biographical / Historical:
Cecil P. Northrop (1901-1949) attended the State University Of New York Maritime College, graduating as a Merchant Marine Officer. After leaving the Merchant Marines, he spent a few years as a newspaper publisher and journalist before taking up flying. Northrop worked for Fairchild as a test pilot and then joined Pennsylvania Central Airlines as a pilot. He was also a pilot training supervisor for the Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI) during World War II. The AWTI was an unincorporated association of nineteen American airlines that was formed in August 1942 to meet the need for air transport personnel to support the war effort. In October 1943, AWTI was formally disbanded, having met the needs of Air Transport Command through the training of approximately 12,000 flight crew and 35,000 ground personnel. Northrop retired from the airlines in 1942 due to heart problems.
Provenance:
William B Northrop, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0061
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Technical manuals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Training manuals -- 21st century
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Photographic prints
Citation:
Cecil P.Northrop Airline Wartime Training Institute (AWTI) Collection, NASM.2018.0061, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0061
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0061

Geraldine Mock Collection

Creator:
Mock, Geraldine L. "Jerrie"  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
bulk 1963-1964
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of materials from Geraldine Mock's record setting flight around the world. Documents in this collection include requests for sponsorship; correspondence with foreign dignitaries; pilot's daily log; documentation of the record set; aircraft modifications; maps of Hawaii, the Philippines, and Europe; an insurance statement; menus; receipts for gas; photographs; permissions to land from foreign countries; weather forecasts; and flight plans.
Biographical / Historical:
Geraldine L. "Jerrie" Mock was born November 22, 1925 in Newark, Ohio. She studied aeronautical engineering at Ohio State University. She was nicknamed "the flying housewife" when she became the first woman to circle the globe. She left Columbus, Ohio on March 19, 1964. Her airplane, the "Spirit of Columbus" was a 1953 single-engine Cessna 180 monoplane. Mock landed April 18, 1964 having taken 29 days, 11 hours, and 59 minutes to fly around the world. The trip also made her the first woman to cross the Atlantic and the Pacific. She was named the Vice-Chairman of the Women's Advisory Committee on Aviation to the FAA. On May 4, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson gave her the FAA's Gold Medal for Exceptional Service. In 1966, she set a straight line distance record for a flight between Honolulu, Hawaii and Columbus, Ohio. Overall, Mock set twenty-one world records, seven of which were set flying around the world. She wrote about her experience in Three Eight Charlie.
Provenance:
Geraldine Mock, Gift, Unknown, Deed signed in 2007
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Geraldine Mock Collection, Accession XXXX-0833, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0833
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0833

Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection

Creator:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Names:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Extent:
1.74 Cubic Feet (1 legal document box, three oversized boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1919-1946
bulk May 1919 to June 1919
Summary:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.

This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence in both Portuguese (with English translations) and English.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Biographical/Historical note:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.
Provenance:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read, gift, 1962, XXXX.0391, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Curtiss NC-1 (P2N-1)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection, Acc. XXXX.0391, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0391
See more items in:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0391
Additional Online Media:

Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers

Creator:
Campbell, Lawrence Edward "Larry," Jr.,, 1926-1992.  Search this
Extent:
0.87 Cubic Feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Articles
Correspondence
Video recordings
Logbooks
Date:
bulk 1945-1992
Summary:
This collection consists of approximately 0.87 cubic feet of material relating to the career of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. in the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Air Force Reserves, the National Transportation and Safety Board, and the Alaska Air National Guard.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.87 cubic feet of material relating to the career of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr., including photographs; news clippings; correspondence; military and personnel records; award certificates and commendations; training materials and manuals; flight records; and a folder of material pertaining to a racial discrimination complaint that Campbell filed against his supervisor at the Alaska Field Office of the National Transportation and Safety Board. There are fifteen black and white photographs in the collection ranging in size from approximately 2.5 by 3.5 inches up to 8 by 10 inches. Aircraft shown in the photographs are the Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt; Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star; and the Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar. The collection also contains three VHS tapes containing oral history interviews of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. that were conducted by his family, the ceremony presenting him the The Alaskan Legion of Merit, and his memorial service; as well as two of Campbell's pilot's log books. The first log book covers the dates October 1947 to June 1960, and the second has a single entry for June 1968.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material, or in some cases topic. Items within each folder are arranged chronologically. Titles in brackets were applied by Archivist.
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. (1926-1992) was a pioneering African American aviator. He volunteered for military service in 1944 and was sent for cadet training with the 332nd Fighter Group at Tuskegee Army Air Field but was discharged in 1945 at the end of World War II. Campbell was again accepted for flight training in 1947, which he successfully completed in 1948. In the late 1940s, Campbell flew the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star which was widely reported to be the first jet flight to be made by an African American for the U.S. Air Force. Campbell was discharged again a few years later but continued his flying career with the U.S. Air Force Reserves. Campbell worked as an accident analyst and later administrative assistant with Boeing from the 1950s until taking a position as an air safety investigator with the National Transportation and Safety Board in 1963. In February of that year, Campbell joined the Alaska Air National Guard at the rank of captain making him the first African American member, and when he assumed command of the Guard unit in 1972, he became the first African American group commander in the country. Campbell retired from the Air National Guard in 1973 at the rank of colonel. Throughout his career, Campbell held a number of positions in state and Federal government including membership on the Alaska Transportation Commission; director of operations and safety manager for the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Aircraft Services; and loan examiner for the Alaska Department of Commerce, Division of Veterans Affairs. Campbell was the recipient of numerous honors and awards including being selected by then Alaska governor Walter J. Hickel as the state's representative to the American Foundation for Negro Affairs Conference (1966); receiving the Air Force Commendation Award for outstanding achievement (1972); and being honored with the Alaska Legion of Merit (1992).
Provenance:
Dolores R. Campbell, Gift, 2016, NASM.2016.0035
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt Family  Search this
Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar  Search this
Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Articles
Correspondence
Video recordings
Logbooks
Citation:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers, NASM.2016.0035, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0035
See more items in:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0035
Additional Online Media:

Charles B. Sewell POW Collection

Creator:
Sewell, Charles B., 1918-1991  Search this
Names:
United States. Army Air Forces. 100th Bombardment Group. 350th Bombardment Squadron  Search this
Chamberlain, William  Search this
Ray, Frank  Search this
Sewell, Charles B., 1918-1991  Search this
Vecchione, Casper  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Logs (records)
Photographs
Postcards
Audiocassettes
Clippings
Date:
1940-1993
bulk 1942-1946
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the wartime log Sewell kept while a prisoner at Stalag Luft IV. The log includes poems, sketches, photographs, and food labels from the Red Cross Parcels. The collection also contains V-Mail and prisoner mail postcards, copies of newspaper articles about Sewell and Stalag Luft IV; photographs of Sewell; and copies of The Oversea Kid newspaper 1944. There are also newspaper articles on POW Edward Sanders, and cassette narratives of the following three POWs who were imprisoned with Sewell: Casper Vecchione; William Chamberlain; and Frank Ray.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles B. Sewell (1918-1991) enlisted in the Army in 1942. Technical Segeant Sewell was a top turrent gunner in a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortess, 350th Bomb Squadron, 100 Bomb Group. He was on his 14th mission when he was shot down over Germany. Sewell was held as a POW from May 1944 until April of 1945, with most of his time spent in Stalag Luft IV. Sewell was discharged from the Army in October 1945.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mae Y. Sewell, Gift, 1993, 1993-0014, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Prisoners of war  Search this
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Family  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Germany  Search this
Stalag Luft IV (Germany : Concentration camp)  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Photographs
Postcards
Audiocassettes
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0014
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0014

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