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U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album

Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
18 Photographic prints
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Photograph albums
Date:
1898
Summary:
This photograph album contains 18 photographic portraits of American Indian delegates at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898. Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr's photographs of the Exposition are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 18 photographs arranged in an album. The photographs depict portraits of American Indians delegates at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition held in Omaha, Nebraska, between June 1 and October 31, 1898. During the Congress, Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and/or his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913) photographed more than 500 delegates and groups representing the estimated thirty-five tribes represented at the Exposition.

The photographs that Rinehart and Muhr shot during the Exposition depict the largest gathering of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century. This collection contains only 18 of the hundreds of photographs that Rinehart and Muhr shot at the event.

The photographers assigned the photograph titles.
Biographical / Historical:
The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair.

James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). Rinehart shot the majority of the outdoor battles, dance scenes, and events, while Muhr photographed the majority of the delegate portraits. Rinehart copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899 and 1900. The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.
Related Materials:
The Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas has a large collection of Frank Rinehart photographs from U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including the original glass plate negatives.

The National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center also holds other photographs shot by Rinehart and Muhr at Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including collection NMAI.AC.119.
Provenance:
Donated by Margaret Cross in 2001.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photograph albums
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.118
See more items in:
U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44ccaa207-fa6b-4fff-a948-b4a3ae02bc3e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-118
Online Media:

Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection

Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
43 Photographic prints
0.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1882-1913
Summary:
This collection consists of 43 photographic prints of Native American peoples from throughout North America. Dating from 1882 to 1913, the images in this collection document a variety of Native American communities and events, including the U.S. Indian Congress which took place at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. Photographers include Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, and Roland W. Reed, as well as a series of images by an unknown photographer who also documented American Indian life.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection consists of 43 photographic prints of Native American peoples at the turn of the twentieth century. Dating from 1882 to 1913, the images in this collection document a variety of Native American communities and events, including the U.S. Indian Congress which took place at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. This exposition, also referred to as the 1898 World's Fair, was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June through October, 1898. Attending the U.S. Indian Congress at the fair were over 500 American Indian delegates representing more than 35 Native communities from throughout the United States.

In addition to the Rinehart and Muhr 1898 photographs are also a number of staged portrait images created by Roland W. Reed in the early decades of the twentieth century. Traveling throughout the U.S. West and Canada, Reed photographed Native communities ranging from Minnesota to Montana and Canada, and extending to Arizona in the Southwest U.S.

This collection also consists of 18 photographs contemporary to those of Rinehart and Reed, dating approximately 1882 – 1904. The photographer(s) of these images is unknown. Although specific communities are not identified, many images appear to portray Northern Plains and Central Plains American Indian peoples.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series, organized by photographer, and then regionally by location or culture group. Series 1: Frank A. Rinehart photographs, Series 2: Roland W. Reed photographs, Series 3: Unknown photographer
Biographical / Historical:
Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) was born in Illinois, opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska in 1885 or 1886, and is best known for his work as the official photographer of the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha. In addition to portrait photographs of Native American delegates attending the U.S. Indian Congress of 1898, Rinehart as official exposition photographer also documented the broader exhibits and events that took place at the 1898 Omaha World's Fair.

Adolph R. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913) worked as Frank A. Rinehart's assistant at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, creating a photographic record of the events and attendees. While Rinehart documented many of the outdoor sham-battles, dance scenes, and other events related to the U.S. Indian Congress, Muhr was responsible for the majority of the posed delegate portraits. Muhr in later years worked with photographer Edward S. Curtis in Seattle, until Muhr's death in 1913.

Roland W. Reed (1864-1934) was born in Wisconsin, and is best known for traveling widely throughout the western United States and Canada, photographing Native American communities. Having apprenticed with photographer Daniel Dutro in 1890s Montana, Reed later ran photography studios in both Ortonville and Bemidji, Minnesota in the early 1900s. Over the next few decades he continued to document the lives and cultures of Native peoples, opening photography studios in Kalispell, Montana in 1909, and later in San Diego, California in 1915. Many of Reed's photographs are clearly staged, representing romanticized and stereotyped images of what Reed believed Native American life to be. He died in Colorado in 1934.
Related Materials:
The NMAI Archive Center collections also include an album of 18 photographic prints of Frank A. Rinehart's U.S. Indian Congress images: U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, NMAI.AC.118.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by the Dakota County Historical Society, South St. Paul, MN, in 2013.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a22f7def-a94d-45ff-a363-e5fe43bf6011
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-289
Online Media:

Chief Mountain, Blackfeet, No. 793

Collection Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of delegate Mountain Chief [1848-1942; Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)] photographed at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska in 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.118, Item P28461
See more items in:
U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a8bd44f5-2e59-436f-9852-d958b836b207
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-118-ref1

Black Wezel, Blackfeet, No. 1127

Collection Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan) delegate Black Wezel (Black Weasel, 1866-ca. 1940, son of Mountain Chief). Photographed at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.118, Item P28478
See more items in:
U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv467bf5e68-e0c7-4597-85f5-813133aafc82
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-118-ref18

The Trail Makers

Collection Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Photographic print of seven unidentified Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan) men and women on horseback with travois. Photographed by Roland W. Reed in Montana, in 1912.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289, Item 289_pht_005_001
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection / Series 2: Roland W. Reed photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ab985bc7-c9bd-44ec-a9cc-4d0af9e4293b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-289-ref21

The Council

Collection Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Photographic print of unidentified man, standing, addressing several unidentified Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan) men seated on ground. Photographed by Roland W. Reed in Montana, in 1912.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289, Item 289_pht_005_002
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection / Series 2: Roland W. Reed photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43ba12eff-982c-48c5-ab3a-276f952f07bc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-289-ref22

The Pow Wow

Collection Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Photographic print of unidentified man, standing, addressing several unidentified Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan) men seated on ground. Photographed by Roland W. Reed in Montana, in 1912.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289, Item 289_pht_005_003
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection / Series 2: Roland W. Reed photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49eb8832e-f97b-44e6-beeb-094fc8d79240
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-289-ref23

Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs

Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Names:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Photographer:
Averell, William H.  Search this
Coe, Wesley R. (Wesley Roswell), 1869-1960  Search this
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909  Search this
Keen, Dora, 1871-  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Pillsbury, Arthur C. (Arthur Clarence)  Search this
Ridgway, Robert, 1850-1929  Search this
Artist:
Schreyvogel, Charles, 1861-1912  Search this
Extent:
396 Lantern slides
286 Photographic prints
1 Map
Culture:
Suquamish  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Maps
Place:
British Columbia
Siberia (Russia)
Alaska
Date:
1898-1900
1903
1914
bulk 1899-1899
Summary:
The Mary Harriman Rumsey collection largely consists of photographic prints and lantern slides documenting the Harriman Expedition to Alaska in summer 1899. These depict members of the expedition and Alaskan scenery and people. The collection also includes scenic photographs of Alaska taken by Dora Keen in 1914 and photographs of Blackfeet, Hopi, Apache, and Suquamish Indians made by Edward Curtis in 1900 and 1903.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection comprises photographic prints, lantern slides, and one map documenting the Harriman Alaska Expedition from May to July of 1899. These photographs were made by members of the expedition, most prominently its official photographer Edward S. Curtis, funder Edward Henry Harriman, and lead scientist C. Hart Merriam. They depict Alaskan scenery, members of the expedition, and Native people and settlements that they encountered. Mary Harriman Rumsey's collection also includes later platinum prints of American Indians made and signed by Curtis (1900, 1903), photographs of glaciers in Alaska by Dora Keen (1914), a photograph of a painting by Charles Schreyvogel (1903), and a photograph of White Pass by Arthur Clarence Pillsbury (1898).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series: photographs relating to the Harriman Expedition; photographs of Alaska that were not made on the Harriman Expedition; and other photographs relating to American Indians. The Harriman series is arranged in a rough chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Harriman Rumsey (1881-1934) was an important American philanthropist and the oldest child of railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman. In 1901, while studying at Barnard College, she co-founded the Junior League for the Promotion of Settlement Movements (later named the Junior League of the City of New York), which facilitated charitable work by privileged women among New York's impoverished groups. Rumsey's efforts lead to the establishment of the Association of Junior Leagues International Inc. in 1921. Additionally, Rumsey co-founded Today magazine with her brother Averell Harriman and others, and in 1933 she chaired the Consumer Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration.

In 1899, Mary Harriman was among the Harriman family members who accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Originally planned as a bear-hunting trip for the family, the expedition, was funded by Edward Henry Harriman and organized with the help of ethnographer and naturalist Clinton Hart Merriam. The party of accomplished scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers cruised from British Columbia to Siberia and back on a private ship, the SS George W. Elder, in June and July of 1899. The scientists' findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series, and Harriman also paid the expedition's official photographer, Edward S. Curtis, to compile souvenir albums from the over 5,000 photographs made during the course of the expedition.
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives, University of Washington Special Collections, and Library of Congress have photo albums relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition. The SI Archives also holds the Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection and photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series.

NMAI holds photogravure plates and proofs made from Edward Curtis's later photographs and Frederick Dellenbaugh's expedition notes in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records. The National Anthropological Archives also holds Curtis photographs and papers.
Separated Materials:
The following materials were also part of Mary Harriman Rumsey's estate, gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1934. Where possible, their current locations have been noted.

33 artifacts, most of which were likely collected in Alaska by the Harriman Alaska Expedition, are now housed in the NMAI object collection (catalog numbers 18/6460 - 18/6494)

A set of Harriman Alaska Expedition books, probably now in the Cornell University Libraries

4 phonograph records

A bundle of botanical specimens
Provenance:
This collection was donated as part of the estate of Mary Harriman Rumsey to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in May 1934.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4043dd48c-ff74-4ab4-8c80-e46a55517c90
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-053
Online Media:

Elmer E. Higley collection

Topic:
Methodist Episcopal Church
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth
Creator:
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth  Search this
Extent:
534 Lantern slides
0.2 Linear feet
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Haida  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
bulk circa 1900-1968
Summary:
This collection consists of 534 glass lantern slides depicting Indigenous groups throughout North America. It also includes a small number of publications written by Elmer E. Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work during the early twentieth century.
Scope and Contents:
The Elmer E. Higley collection consists of both Lantern Slides and Printed Materials. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924, includes 534 glass lantern slides, many hand-colored. The lantern slides were used by Higley in lectures to promote his missionary and reform work with the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was the Superintendent from 1919 to 1923. While Higley was the photographer of some of the lantern slide images, specifically those taken in Mesa Verde, the majority of the photographs were not taken by Higley, but rather collected by him for use in his lectures as he traveled around the country. Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968, includes a small number of early twentieth-century publications written by Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work in the United States during this time.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into two series. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924 and Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968.
Biographical / Historical:
Elmer Ellsworth Higley was born in Ohio in 1867. He attended high school and college in northwestern Pennsylvania before marrying Alice C. Dowler in 1892. Higley later also attended the Drew Theological Seminary and afterwards worked as a pastor in a number of Methodist churches around the country. In approximately 1919 Higley was appointed Superintendent of the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, with his office based in Chicago, Illinois. Employed in this work until 1923, Higley traveled the United States, visiting Native reservations and promoting Christian reform efforts for American Indian education. While traveling, Higley frequently presented illustrated lectures on his missionary work to audiences, using the glass lantern slides now residing in the collections of the National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. In the years after 1923, Higley continued as a pastor in both Ames, Iowa, and Evanston, Illinois, the latter where he eventually died in 1931.
Provenance:
Gift of Mrs. R. S. Jensen and Family in 2018 and 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some photographs in this colletion are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Missionaries  Search this
cliff dwellings -- Colorado -- Mesa Verde National Park  Search this
Methodist church buildings  Search this
Missions -- Mission School  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Elmer E. Higley collection, NMAI.AC.228; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.228
See more items in:
Elmer E. Higley collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45ca4b0f8-01c2-4114-b663-3d3cb3d59f0c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-228
Online Media:

Plains

Collection Creator:
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth  Search this
Extent:
96 Lantern slides
Container:
Box 3
Box 4
Box 5
Box 6
Box 7
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Date:
1900-1924
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains 96 glass lantern slides from the Plains region. Communities depicted include primarily the Pikuni (Piegan) and Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet) peoples of Montana.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Some photographs in this series are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Elmer E. Higley collection, NMAI.AC.228; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.228, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Elmer E. Higley collection
Elmer E. Higley collection / Series 1: Lantern Slides
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a99b5fbb-b2d2-437e-8115-86b359b5bc34
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-228-ref6

Tipi cover

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Tipi cover
Media/Materials:
Hide
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Architecture/Housing
Place:
Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1880-1900
Catalog Number:
3/7221
Barcode:
037221.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Architecture/Housing
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bb33bcc7-2adc-4615-bebf-13d0bba2aa03
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_39936
Online Media:

Headdress

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, ermine skin/fur, buffalo horn, hide, rawhide, glass bead/beads, wool cloth, brass tacks/bosses, feather/feathers, silk cloth, grass, hide thong/babiche, paint, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, split, studded, painted
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
3/2915
Barcode:
032915.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws693eedb2b-900b-40a7-b4ce-ce837c7913f7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_34779
Online Media:

Cradleboard

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Cradleboard
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
2/5992
Barcode:
025992.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws635ebe479-f64d-4b21-be79-60bbcfe4d03c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27713
Online Media:

Man's hair ornament/hair extensions

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Man's hair ornament/hair extensions
Media/Materials:
Hair, tree pitch/gum, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Bead-wrapped
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Wyoming; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5993
Barcode:
025993.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6715d35ef-ee99-40bd-9a13-78f67cd8d503
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27714
Online Media:

Breastplate

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Breastplate
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, bone hairpipe/hairpipes, hair, feather/feathers
Techniques:
Strung
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Wyoming; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5995
Barcode:
025995.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d514beb0-7165-4b94-a9cf-97dbf6a12f73
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27716
Online Media:

Woman's dress

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's dress
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, dentalium shell/shells, ribbon
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Wyoming; USA
Date created:
1880-1900
Catalog Number:
2/5996
Barcode:
025996.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws616e0a72c-8a43-4b29-a69f-57e78fa495c7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27717
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
20/1108
Barcode:
201108.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6960ffa46-0161-4213-8875-2b8237b9c4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_214493
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
20/1109
Barcode:
201109.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61fbf0628-6f9b-4585-8288-f279631a2f40
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_214494
Online Media:

Tipi model

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Seller:
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Tipi model
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, wood
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Architecture/Housing
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
15/6935
Barcode:
156935.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Architecture/Housing
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws699dbcf67-fe62-4d6e-8f60-f02641010c66
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_168277
Online Media:

Backrest

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Seller:
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Backrest
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Cut, stitched
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
15/6936
Barcode:
156936.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b107c3b6-cdcf-4991-be6a-2dffbc4512be
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_168278
Online Media:

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