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G. Gage Skinner collection

Photographer:
Skinner, G. Gage  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
265 Slides (photographs)
1 Sound cassette
Culture:
Ika (Ica/Arhuaco)  Search this
Kogi (Kagaba)  Search this
Mapuche  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Audiocassettes
Place:
Santa Marta Range (Colombia)
Chile
Colombia
Date:
1964-1966
1972
Summary:
This collection consists of 265 photographic slides and 1 audio cassette recording made by former Peace Corps volunteer G. Gage Skinner while living and traveling in Chile and Colombia in the 1960s-1970s. Images include portraits, landscapes, ceremonies, and daily village life. Audio recording includes songs, chants, and musical instruments.
Scope and Contents:
The G. Gage Skinner collection consists of 265 photographic slides and 1 audio cassette recording made by former Peace Corps volunteer G. Gage Skinner while living and traveling in Chile and Colombia in the 1960s-1970s. Series 1: Chile, 1964-1966, includes images of individual portraits, landscapes, ceremonies, and daily village life of the Mapuche peoples of what is now the Araucanía Region of Chile. Also part of Series 1 is an audio recording of songs, chants, and musical instruments from a 1965 Nguillatún fertility ceremony near Lumaco, Chile. Series 2: Colombia, 1972, includes images of landscapes and daily village life of the Ika (Ica/Arhuaco) and Kogi (Kagaba) peoples of the area near Donachui in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range of Colombia. Images include a particular focus on Ika (Ica/Arhuaco) dwellings and architecture, weaving, trade goods, and agriculture.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in two series. Series 1: Chile, 1964-1966 and Series 2: Colombia, 1972.
Biographical / Historical:
G. Gage Skinner is a former Peace Corps volunteer, having served in Chile, 1964-1966, and later in Colombia, 1969-1972. A student of cultural anthropology and a graduate of San Diego State University, Skinner has taught at the college level, and has published on a wide range of topics, including beekeeping, the fur trade, and the history of the American West.
Related Materials:
The Peace Corps Community Archives at American University in Washington, DC maintains a collection of manuscript materials donated by G. Gage Skinner documenting his Peace Corps service in Chile and Colombia. These materials include diaries, biographical information, training materials, and publications. In addition to material culture objects in the NMAI Object Collections donated by Skinner, there are also a large number of objects documenting Mapuche culture which he donated to the San Diego Museum of Man's ethnographic collections.
Separated Materials:
G. Gage Skinner also donated a number of material culture objects to the NMAI Object Collections, documenting the Mapuche, Ika (Ica/Arhuaco), and Kamsá (Sebondoy) peoples of Chile and Colombia. The object numbers are 27/0087 - 27/0089 and 27/0102 - 27/0108.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by G. Gage Skinner in 2017 and 2018.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Peace Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Indians of South America -- Chile  Search this
Indians of South America -- Colombia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); G. Gage Skinner collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.116
See more items in:
G. Gage Skinner collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47fd8ff0c-b133-438a-9a96-0bf38fd0b978
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-116
Online Media:

Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska

Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
11 Glass plate negatives
11 Copy negatives
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Place:
Alaska
Siberia (Russia)
Date:
1921
Summary:
The Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska consists of negatives taken by Bernard in 1921 among the Inupiaq (Alaska Inupiat Eskimo) and Siberian Yu'pik communities. Bernard was an artic trader, trapper and captain of the schooner "Teddy Bear."
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 11 black and white glass negatives, taken by Joseph-Fidèle Bernard in 1921, along with 11 copy negatives (acetate) made by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in the 1960's. The images include scenes of daily life in Nome, Alaska among the Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) community. The majority of the image are portraits of men, women and children. None of those photographed have been identified. In additon to the photographs in Nome, there is one view of a Siberian Yu'pik vilage in East Cape, Siberia, and one view of a kayak storage location in Cape of Prince of Wales, Alaska.
Arrangement:
The negatives are arranged in original catalog number order; N08110-N08120.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1878 in Tignish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, Joseph-Fidèle Bernard was an arctic trader, trapper and captain/owner of the schooner "Teddy Bear"(based in Nome, Alaska). He assisted Canadian ethnologist/explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962) and anthropologist Diamond Jenness (1886-1969) on their travels in Alaska and upper Canada. Bernard was in Coronation Gulf in 1910 and remained there for extended periods between 1910-1914, trading for furs and ethnographic objects. Nearby Bernard Harbour is named for him. In 1921, Bernard and the Teddy Bear became locked in the ice on their way from Nome to Wrangell Island to rescue members of Stefansson's party. Bernard later settled in Cordova, Alaska, where he was harbor master. He died in 1972 in Sitka.
Related Materials:
Additional collections with Joseph F. Bernard materials iclude the Joseph F. Bernard papers, 1900-1970, at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library and the Joseph-Fidele Bernard photograph collection, 1901-1923, at the Alaska State Library.
Provenance:
This collection was likley a purchase from Joseph-Fidèle Bernard around 1923 by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Alaska  Search this
Teddy Bear (Schooner)  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e0637bec-e550-42a5-84b9-14c3c0f4377c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-132
Online Media:

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Children

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 236
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Group portrait of Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) children standing outdoors in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08110
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv401411279-a280-49c5-aee5-8e99148ebf90
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref13

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Man

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 236
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) man standing outdoors in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08111
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv48c32f8b3-bcad-4b44-b194-7d1e2cf655c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref14

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Men

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 236
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of two Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) men standing alongside a boat at a dock in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08112
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f406bba7-3603-4fc1-971a-3e65665bdcd1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref15

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Woman and Baby

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 236
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of an Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) woman with a baby on her back standing outdoors in Nome, Alaska. See also N08118.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08113
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41adfc657-f456-4fc6-aacd-11b026d3bc43
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref16

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Young Woman

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of a young Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) woman standing in front of a wooden building in Nome, Alaska. She is wearing a parka, possibly sealskin.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08114
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv491531bd6-a965-4b37-bba9-bf00047181af
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref17

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Girl

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of a young Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) girl, wearing a parka, standing in front of a wooden building in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08115
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4281c4ab6-30eb-4ffb-8545-af844e4373de
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref18

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Kayak Storage

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) [Kinugumiut/Kingegan/Cape Prince of Wales]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
View of Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) kayak and umiak storage and cache in Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08116
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4bc428c6e-7edc-4946-bd2b-0142703b5f0d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref19

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Children

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Group portrait of Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) children standing in front of and on a stone dwelling in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08117
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ca922e82-d9ce-463f-9bb9-f0cf9f5ec8eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref20

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Woman and Baby

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of an Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) woman with a baby on her back standing outdoors in Nome, Alaska. See also N08113.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08118
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d2bec183-2074-46fd-bfd3-922b7b356426
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref21

Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) Woman and Baby

Collection Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 237
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of an Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) woman with a baby on her back standing outdoors in Nome, Alaska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132, Item N08119
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4588a0113-ade5-4de6-8a5a-fe70c2e6c922
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-132-ref22

William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs

Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Linear feet
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1888-1905
Summary:
This collection contains 5 photographs of that were collected by William W. Wotherspoon that depict Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto. The bulk of the photos were shot while Goyathlay and Chatto were a prisoners of war at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama from 1888-1894.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains five photographs collected by William W. Wotherspoon that depict Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto, two Chiricahua Apache leaders. The bulk of the photos were most likely shot while Goyathlay and Chatto were a prisoners of war at Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama from 1888-1894. One photograph of Goyathlay was shot on May 14, 1905, possibly on his return trip to Fort Sill, Oklahoma from President Theodore Roosevelt's inauguration parade in Washington, DC on March 4, 1905.

The photos on card mounts were shot by different photography studios including Dagle's Studio in Murphysboro, Illinois; Reed and Wallace Co. in Mobile, Alabama; William Reed Studio in Mobile, Alabama; and other unidentified photographers.

William W. Wotherspoon most likely collected the photographs while he served as a post commander at the Mt. Vernon Barracks.
Arrangement:
Arranged in 1 folder by image number.
Biographical / Historical:
William Wallace Wotherspoon was born in Washington, D.C. in 1850. He served as a troop officer and quarter master during the Indian Wars from 1874 to 1881. On May 16, 1889 Lieutenant Wotherspoon became the new post commander at the Mt. Vernon Barracks in Alabama. Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto arrived at the Barracks as prisoners of war in 1888. Their tribe, the Chiricahua Apaches, were forced from their traditional homelands in New Mexico, Arizona, and Mexico beginning in the 1850s. Tribal leaders like Goyathlay and Chatto fought to protect their tribal lands, but the U.S. Government ultimately forced the Chiricahua Apaches to move to the San Carlos Reservation in Arizona in an effort to concentrate all Apache-speaking tribes in one location. From 1886 to 1913, the Chiricahua Apaches were transferred as prisoners of war to internment camps in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma. Goyathlay died as a prisoner of war on February 17, 1909 in Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Chatto eventually settled on the Mescalero Apache Reservation in New Mexico and died in 1934. Wotherspoon went on to become a military General and Chief of Staff of the United States Army. He died in on October 21, 1921 in Washington, D.C.
Provenance:
Donated by William W. Wotherspoon [grandson of William Wallace Wotherspoon (1850-1921)] in 1972.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indian encampments -- Alabama  Search this
Mount Vernon (Ala.)  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41d00abac-cd84-4d42-aab4-ee95e947eb6d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-120
Online Media:

St. Bernard Mission School photographs

Creator:
St. Bernard Indian Residential School (Grouard, Alta.)  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Linear feet
5 Photographic prints
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Plains Cree (Prairie Cree)  Search this
Cree Metis  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Grouard (Alta.)
Date:
circa 1925-1935
Summary:
This collection contains 5 gelatin silver prints depicting students and teachers at the St. Bernard Mission School (also known as the St. Bernard Indian Residential School) in Grouard, Alberta, Canada, circa 1925-1935.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 5 gelatin silver prints depicting students and teachers at the St. Bernard Mission School (also known as the St. Bernard Indian Residential School) in Grouard, Alberta, Canada. The photographs, shot by an unidentified photographer, depict student classes, activities, and teachers circa 1925-1935. One photograph also depicts a nurse and child at St. Theresa Hospital in Ft. Vermilion in Alberta, Canada. The students are most likely from the Plains Cree First Nations Indigenous community in Canada.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1872, the St. Bernard Mission was located at Lesser Slave Lake in Alberta, Canada near the Hudson's Bay Company trading post. The Catholic mission run by the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate worked with the Plains Cree and Cree Metis Indigenous communities in the region. By 1900, the mission ran the St. Bernard Mission School (also known as the St. Bernard Residential School), a residence for nuns, and a farming operation at Grouard, Alberta, Canada. The school closed its doors in 1962.
Provenance:
Donated by Patricia Krehbiel in 2017 and 2018.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools -- Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); St. Bernard Mission School photographs; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.125
See more items in:
St. Bernard Mission School photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a451230c-a4ad-42ab-8fa4-6ab58105c9ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-125
Online Media:

Studio portrait of Chatto

Collection Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1888-1894
Scope and Contents:
Cabinet card studio portrait of Chatto (Chato; also known as Alfred; circa 1854-1934). This photograph was probably shot circa 1888-1894 when Chatto was a prisoner of war at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama. The photograph was shot by the Reed and Wallace Studio of Mobile, Alabama. A handwritten note on the verso of the print incorrectly identifies the sitter as "Geronimo's Son Chiquito."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120, Item P23235
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ce6ea184-0590-431d-a1a7-4ca10764e497
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-120-ref1

Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo)

Collection Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
May 14, 1905
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo, ca. 1825-1909; Chiricahua Apache), posing wearing a rawhide cap with attached feathers down the back. This photograph was possibly shot on Goyathlay's return trip to Fort Sill, Oklahoma from President Theodore Roosevelt's inauguration parade in Washington, DC on March 4, 1905. The date May 14, 1905 is handwritten on the back of the card mount and Geronimo's name is etched on the back as well. The photograph was shot by the Dagle's Studio of Murphysboro, Illinois.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120, Item P23236
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a5abb83b-ca71-4dc3-a4bc-ff83096c5a9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-120-ref2

Studio portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo)

Collection Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1888-1889
Scope and Contents:
Cabinet card vignette photographic portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo, ca. 1825-1909; Chiricahua Apache), shot by the Reed Studio of Mobile, Alabama. This photograph was most likely shot when Goyathlay was a prisoner of war at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120, Item P23237
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45029a3e8-ec6b-4f44-b86e-07bd7899fd7d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-120-ref3

Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo)

Collection Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1888-1894
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo, ca. 1825-1909; Chiricahua Apache), posing in front of a building at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama where he was a prisoner of war. This image was photographed by an unidentified photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120, Item P23238
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e149028c-bb99-4dfe-b2a5-3b06c0885f4e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-120-ref4

Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo)

Collection Creator:
Wotherspoon, William W. (William Wallace), 1850-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1888-1894
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Goyathlay (Geronimo, ca. 1825-1909; Chiricahua Apache), standing in front of a house at the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama where he was a prisoner of war. This image was photographed by an unidentified photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.120, Item P23239
See more items in:
William W. Wotherspoon collection of Goyathlay (Geronimo) and Chatto photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b8635703-e297-4617-b1d9-2f569385857e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-120-ref5

Students sewing

Collection Creator:
St. Bernard Indian Residential School (Grouard, Alta.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Plains Cree (Prairie Cree)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1925-1935
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting girls sitting behind sewing machines in a classroom. A stack of clothes sits on a table before them. Photographed at the St. Bernard Mission School in Alberta, Canada. A handwritten note on the back of the photograph reads, "Our sewing room."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); St. Bernard Mission School photographs; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
St. Bernard Mission School photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv469c8163b-db2c-444b-937f-b6ffed4c8087
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-125-ref1

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