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Big Tree's wife (Kiowa)

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of Kiowa woman, possibly the wife of Big Tree (Kiowa). Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09375
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4de1c872e-8219-49f0-a3af-863cfc4a63dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref10

Frizzle Head (Kiowa)

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of Frizzle Head (Kiowa). Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09361
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b42c13da-5963-49b7-af4b-3247dbd5da77
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref5

Big Tree (Kiowa)

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of Big Tree (Kiowa). Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09374
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ed424c8d-d0e2-478f-a7a2-9fbe9ec55268
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref6

Unidentified Kiowa girl, possibly a daughter of Stumbling Bear

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of an unidentified Kiowa girl, possibly a daughter of Stumbling Bear. Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09380
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4067c3e77-e8f5-40c5-bb35-fdeca29b922e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref7

Unidentified Kiowa girl, possibly a daughter of Stumbling Bear

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of an unidentified Kiowa girl, possibly a daughter of Stumbling Bear. Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09377
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d843548b-541c-498b-b7ab-f8bb29ae3244
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref8

Two unidentified Kiowa men

Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of two unidentified Kiowa men near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, by an unknown photographer, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09376
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ac5b0ace-afd7-41e7-9277-3cc0ecd03b5a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref9

Unidentified Kiowa girls and child

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of two unidentified Kiowa girls and child. Photographed in the field by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26730
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ec833a1a-36d3-4b9b-a793-b2bd63a5f568
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref10

Little Bow's Tipi

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Cabinet Card photograph of Little Bow's Tipi in a Kiowa village in the Oklahoma Territory. Photographed by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26731
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43cd250e4-c7da-4043-832d-715a3d5228ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref11

Hummingbird, Kiowa Chief

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of Chief Hummingbird of the Kiowa. Photographed in the field by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26723
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43f08daa4-33b7-4cef-98ad-37b8c7b26d32
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref7

Dosino or Do-Chan-No, Kiowa

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of Dosino or Do-Chan-No, daughter of Kiowa Chief Hummingbird. Photographed in the field by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26725
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv42de90839-8ca4-4244-9130-3b9d5f9106e4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref8

Chief Hummingbird's Camp

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Cabinet Card photograph of Kiowa Chief Hummingbird's Camp. Photographed by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26729
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40e83abc3-7a75-4f4f-87dc-bf81e01de113
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref9

General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs

Collector:
Grier, William Nicholson, General, 1812-1885  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfenstein, V (Valentin), 1844-1909  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Extent:
0.03 Linear feet
10 Photographic prints
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1868-1884
Summary:
The General William Nicholson Grier photograph collection contains 10 photographs that Grier collected related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The photographs include depictions of Carlisle Indian School students circa 1879-1884 and portraits of the 1868 Navajo Treaty signers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 10 photographs that were collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The collection includes 6 photographs of Carlisle Indian School students and visitors that were photographed by photographer John N. Choate circa 1879-1884, and one portrait of Chief Standing Bear (also known as Mochunozhi or Ma-chu-nu-zhe).

The most significant photographs in this collection are three albumen prints shot by Valentin Wolfenstein between March and June 1868. Photograph P20819 depicts an outdoor portrait most likely of the Navajo Treaty signers at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. This photograph is one of only two known photographs depicting this scene (the other copy is at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology).
Biographical / Historical:
William Nicholson Grier was born on June 11, 1812 in Northumberland, Pennsylvania. After graduating from West Point U.S. Military Academy in New York, he served as a Major of the 2nd U.S. Regular Cavalry during the Civil War and later as a Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st U.S. Regular Cavalry. Throughout his 35 year military career, Grier served in a number of capacities. His posts included serving at Fort Carlisle, Pennsylvania from April 1866 to April 1868, where he was Superintendent of Mounted Recruiting Service and was promoted to Colonel of the 3rd Cavalry. He then served as Commander at Fort Union in New Mexico from July 12, 1868 to May 1870. Grier retired on Dec. 15, 1870. He passed away on July 8, 1885 in Napa City, California and was buried in Northumberland, PA.

Between 1863 and 1866, the U.S. Army forced almost 12,000 Diné (Navajo) people from their ancestral homelands and relocated them 400 miles away to Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico. On June 1, 1868, General William T. Sherman and Colonel Samuel F. Tappen met in Fort Sumner with Diné (Navajo) leaders led by Chief Barboncito to negotiate a treaty to allow the Diné (Navajo) to return to their ancestral homelands.

Valentin Wolfenstein, a Swedish-American photographer, was at Fort Sumner, New Mexico from March to July of 1868 and photographed the events before and after the Navajo Treaty signing. The Diné (Navajo) set of photographs in this collection have been attributed to many different photographers over the years, but Wolfenstein is believed to be the original photographer. Based on an excerpt from his journal, a few scholars believed that Wolfenstein could have sold his photographic equipment and photographs to Nicholas Brown, and this belief, along with later reprinting of the Barboncito portrait, may have led to some misattribution of Wolfenstein's work to N. Brown and Son and the Browns' work to Wolfenstein.

John Nicholas Choate (1848-1902) was the official photographer of the Carlisle Indian School from the school's founding in 1879 to his death in 1902. The Carlisle Indian School was the first non-reservation government-supported Indian school. Choate sold his photographs as a series of cabinet cards, cartes-de-visite, and stereographs.

It is likely that Grier collected the Diné (Navajo) photographs when he served at Fort Union in New Mexico, immediately following the 1868 Navajo Treaty. Presumably, Grier collected the Carlisle Indian School photographs in this collection after his retirement from the U.S. Army, in connection to his service at Fort Carlisle.
Related Materials:
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also holds photographs related to the Navajo Treaty signing shot by Valentin Wolfenstein.

The National Anthrolopogical Archives also holds photographs shot by Valentin Wolfenstein and glass plate negatives shot by John N. Choate.
Separated Materials:
Gerneral William Nicholson Grier's grandson Robert C. Campbell also donated objects to NMAI in 1963 (NMAI Catalog numbers 232812-232855). These objects were collected by Grier during his military career.
Provenance:
Collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) during his service with the US Army (1835-1870); inherited by his daughter, Anna Grier Campbell (1848-ca. 1915) and then by her son Robert C. Campbell (1891-1966); donated to Museum of the American Indian by Robert C. Campbell in 1963 in memory of his grandfather.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs, Photograph Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.126
See more items in:
General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv410292d54-814e-490d-b6ac-54a20dfa85b7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-126
Online Media:

Carlisle Indian School girls

Collection Collector:
Grier, William Nicholson, General, 1812-1885  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolfenstein, V (Valentin), 1844-1909  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1879
Scope and Contents:
Carte-de-viste depicting a group portrait of Carlisle Indian School students. The girls may include Alice Lone Bear, Rebecca, Kissetta (Kesseta) Lopan, Mabel, and Harriet from the Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Kiowa, and Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce) tribes. Photograph by Official Carlisle Indian School photographer John Nicholas Choate, 1879.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs, Photograph Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.126, Item P20809
See more items in:
General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4209b483f-3a77-4e83-b0e0-f1d8dcc25b7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-126-ref1

Joseph K. Dixon photographs from the 1909 Wanamaker Expedition

Photographer:
Dixon, Joseph K. (Joseph Kossuth)  Search this
Creator:
Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
17 Photographs
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Date:
1909
Summary:
This collection consists of seventeen photogravures from Joseph K. Dixon's 1913 published book, The Vanishing Race. These images are part of the larger work of Rodman Wanamaker in his expeditions (1908-1913) to document the lives and cultures of Native American peoples.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of seventeen photogravures from Joseph K. Dixon's 1913 book, The Vanishing Race. Although published in 1913, the 80 photogravures in Dixon's work were taken in 1909. These images are part of the larger work of Rodman Wanamaker in his expeditions (1908-1913) to document the lives and cultures of Native American peoples, whom he viewed as a "noble, though vanishing race." Wanamaker's first and second expeditions (1908 and 1909) both took place in the Valley of the Little Bighorn, Montana, portrayed Native American men and women from throughout the United States, and included extensive photographic and moving picture footage. Wanamaker's third expedition (1913) was broader in scope, visiting and symbolically granting citizenship to over 250 Native American communities across the country. As with the first two expeditions, the third expedition, known as the "Rodman Wanamaker Expedition of Citizenship to the North American Indian," was photographed and filmed by Dixon.

Among the seventeen photogravures in this collection, many of note include portraits of tribal leaders Chief Koon-Kah-Za-Chy (Kiowa-Apache), Chief Two Moons (Northern Tsitsistas/Suhtai [Cheyenne]), Chief Pretty Voice Eagle (Ihanktonwan Nakota [Yankton Sioux]), Chief Plenty Coups (Apsáalooke [Crow/Absaroke]), Chief Brave Bear (Southern Tsisistas/Suhtai [Cheyenne]), Chief Red Cloud (Oglala Lakota [Oglala Sioux]), and Chief Red Whip (A'aninin [Gros Ventre]). Other images include group portraits of the 1909 "Last Great Indian Council," as well as Native veterans of the 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn. Image titles created by Joseph K. Dixon.
Arrangement:
The photographs in this collection are organized into folders.
Biographical / Historical:
Rodman Wanamaker (1863-1928) was the sole surviving heir of Philadelphia-based department store magnate, John Wanamaker. Rodman, among his other philanthropic endeavors with the arts, believed that Native Americans were a "noble, though vanishing race," whose lives needed to be recorded before they disappeared. Because of this belief, he funded three expeditions (1908-1913) to "perpetuate the life stories of the first Americans." In addition, he also strove, and ultimately failed, to create a National Indian Memorial to be situated in New York City which would rival the Statue of Liberty.

Joseph K. Dixon (1858-1926) was born in New York, and received a bachelor of divinity degree from the Rochester Theological Seminary before becoming a lecturer for the Eastman Kodak photographic company in 1904. Two years later he was hired to work in Wanamaker's department store, and by 1908 he was chosen to lead the three Wanamaker expeditions (1908-1913) to document the lives and cultures of Native peoples of the United States. For the remainder of his life, Dixon frequently lectured on and continued to photograph the lives of Native Americans.
Related Materials:
Other photographic collections of Joseph K. Dixon's work and Rodman Wanamaker's expeditions exist in the Smithsonian Institution's National Anthropological Archives, and the Mathers Museum of World Cultures at Indiana University.
Provenance:
Museum Purchase, 2017.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Montana  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph K. Dixon photographs from the 1909 Wanamaker Expedition, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.111
See more items in:
Joseph K. Dixon photographs from the 1909 Wanamaker Expedition
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46e5f1182-5d10-4a58-8b99-bde29adcfb7e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-111
Online Media:

Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs

Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
56 Photographic prints
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
1898-1901
Summary:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs were shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898 and the Greater America Exposition, 1899, both held in Omaha, Nebraska.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs depict photographic portraits and scenes of sham battles shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, from June 1 to October 31, 1898. Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and his assistant Adolph F. Muhr were the official photographers. During the Indian Congress they photographed more than 500 individuals and groups representing the estimated thirty-six tribes represented at the Exposition. Rinehart shot the majority of the outdoor battles, dance scenes, and events, while Muhr photographed the majority of the delegate portraits. Rinehart copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899 and 1900.

Other photographs in this collection are photographic portraits of American Indian leaders that were photographed by Herman Heyn and James Matzen at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha in 1899. Heyn copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899.

Finally, the collection also contains 7 loose photomechanical prints depicting portraits by photographer William Henry Jackson. These prints were colorized and published under Jackson's company the Detroit Photographic Co. Other loose color photomechanical prints include portraits shot by photographer William H. Rau (1855-1920) for the Chicago Inter-Ocean Newspaper in 1901.

The photograph titles were assigned by the photographers.
Arrangement:
The photographs in the album are in original order. The loose prints are organized into 3 folders.
Biographical / Historical:
Byron Harvey, III (1932-2005) was an anthropologist and collector specializing in southwestern American Indian tribes. He was the great-grandson of Frederick Harvey, best known as the founder of the Fred Harvey Company that ran a successful chain of gift shops, restaurants, and hotels known as Harvey Houses. The Company also amassed a collection of American Indian art and sold many collections to museums including the Museum of the American Indian (NMAI's predecessor museum).

The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair. James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.

After the Trans-Mississippi Exposition ended, the Greater America Exposition opened on the same fair grounds from July 1, 1899 to October 31, 1899. Herman Heyn and James Matzen won the contract to be the official photographer of the new Exposition. This Exposition featured many of the same buildings and set up as the Trans-Mississippi Exposition of the previous year.
Related Materials:
The Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas has a large collection of Frank Rinehart photographs from U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including the original glass plate negatives.

The National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center also holds other photographs shot by Rinehart and Muhr at Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including collection NMAI.AC.118.
Provenance:
Donated by Byron Harvey, III in 1966.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Greater America Exposition (1899 : Omaha, Neb.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.119
See more items in:
Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a0d820a2-4caf-43a3-b0c2-37c49a927171
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-119
Online Media:

General Photograph collections

Collector:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Extent:
13 Photographs
Culture:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1886-1913
Summary:
The General Photograph collections contains photographs depicting people, events, and activities related to the historical and contemporary lives of Native peoples throughout the Western Hemisphere.
Scope and Contents:
The General Photograph collections is comprised of individual small collections of photographs that were acquired by the Archive Center from various sources. These small collections are presented together under a single collection for easy access and depict the historical and contemporary lives of Native peoples throughout the Western Hemisphere.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in folders by accession numbers.
Biographical / Historical:
The photographs in this collection were shot by a variety of photographers and depict many different people and scenes. For specific biographical and historical notes please see individual photographs listed in this guide.
Provenance:
The National Museum of the American Indian and its predecessor, Museum of the American Indian, acquired the photographs in this collection from 1916 to the present.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); General Photograph collections, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.999
See more items in:
General Photograph collections
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f939fe05-6395-40b0-a532-f614b2f7ac5d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-999
Online Media:

Frank Kenjockety and Louis Belmont Newell Native American Entertainers collection

Creator:
Newell, Louis Belmont  Search this
Kenjockety, Frank  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
39 Photographs
Culture:
Cayuga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Broadsides
Date:
1886-1940
Summary:
The Frank Kenjockety and Louis B. Newell Native American Entertainers collection includes ephemera, documents and photographs from two prominent Native American [entertainers] Frank Kenjockety (Cayuga), also known as "Chief Strong Fox" and Louis Belmont Newell, also known as "Rolling Thunder". Kenjockety's collection contains photographs, ephemera and a small amount of personal records from his career as a circus troupe leader and lecturer from 1909-1940. Newell's collection contains ephemera from his career as a traveling Medicine Man and entertainer including remedy and ointment packaging as well as broadsides and flyers.
Scope and Contents:
The Native American Entertainers collection includes ephemera, documents and photographs from two prominent Native American entertainers, Frank Kenjockety, also known as "Chief Strong Fox" and Louis Belmont Newell, also known as "Rolling Thunder". Kenjockety's collection contains photographs, ephemera and a small amount of personal records from his career as a circus troupe leader and lecturer from 1909-1940. Newell's collection contains ephemera from his career as a traveling Medicine Man and entertainer from the 1880's until the 1930's. This includes remedy and ointment packaging as well as broadsides and flyers.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in two series; Series 1: Frank Kenjockety "Chief Strong Fox", and Series 2: Louis Belmont Newell "Chief Rolling Thunder". Series 1 contains three subseries by material type and is arranged alphabetically.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection of Native American Entertainers materials was put together by Crown Collectibles, a privately held historical research company based out of Richmond Virginia.

Frank Kenjockety was born in 1871 to Jesse and Sarah Kenjockety on Cattaraugus Territory, Seneca Nation and made his home in Salamanca, New York. He was head of the Cayuga Tribe of the Iroquois Federation. In the early 1900's he formed a vaudeville troupe called "Kenjockety' s Hippodrome and Wild West Show". They traveled by train and played at state fairs, carnivals and with other traveling circuses. In the late 1920's Frank Kenjockety took the name "Chief Strong Fox". He became nationally known as an "Indian Chief Lecturer" and his troupe was billed as "Real American Indians in Costume- Direct from the U.S. Government Indian Reservation". Their performances included "Ceremonial Rites, Singing, War Dance, Medicine Dance, Feather Dance, Prayer Song, Famous Adoption Form and lectures on the part the American Indian had played in the history of the United States". Kenjockety's wife, Leona, and daughter, Mabel, also traveled as performers with the troupe. Mabel first appeared on horseback as a child and went on to become a trick rider. While on tour in December 1915, the train on which they were traveling ran head-on into another train that was mistakenly switched on the same track. Mr. Kenjockety survived, but many in his company perished. Undaunted by the tragedy, he rebuilt his company and continued to perform. He and his troupe continued to play fairs, school assemblies and circuses and went on at least two world tours. In 1937, they traveled on the steamer ship "Bremen". Correspondence in 1941 reveals that their popularity had waned and apparently the troupe disbanded around that time. Chief Strong Fox was also well known for the "lectures" he gave on Native American History. He became popular with school and other groups (Rotary Club, etc.) throughout New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and often "adopted" some of his Caucasian audience as members of his tribe. He received many letters from school officials praising his talks on Indian history and customs to be of"educational value". Kenjockety passed away in 1944.

Known to his family as Belmont and to the public as Chief Rolling Thunder, Louis Belmont Newell was born around 1858 to Thomas Newell and Marie Parsons of Indian Island, Old Town, Maine. Newell appears to have married several times and his first daughter Blanche was born to Victoria Tahamont around 1886. It is around this time that Newell is first referred to as Chief Rolling Thunder and that his company, the Kiowa Medicine Company, begins touring. The show was comprised of "moral" entertainment and lectures given on the customs, habits, manners and religion of tribes. Newell would also sell "traditional Kiowa" medicines and give out health guides. It is uncertain when the company was actually formed and though Newell claimed that he was a descendent of the First Chief Medicine Man of the Kiowa Nation, Teet-Toot-Sah, this was most likely just for his public image. It is much more likely that his parents were Penobscots from Maine. Newell married Louisa Stump of Iroquois descent in 1891. Louisa was an expert shot and travelled with the Kiowa Medicine Company for some time. In 1894, Newell married his fourth wife Jeanne "Jennie" Congleton who served as business manager for the Kiowa Medicine and Vaudeville Company for many years. Newell died December 1, 1933 and was buried in Randolph, NY. More information on L.B. Newell has been compiled by descendants of Newell and can be found on Ne-Do-Ba, a geneological website for the Wabanaki people.
Separated Materials:
Along with the archival materials, five additional objects were purchased and are a part of the NMAI Ethnology collection. They have catalog numbers 26/5414 through 26/5418 and include outfits supposedly worn by Frank Kenjockety "Chief Strong Fox" and his wife Leona Kenjockety.
All of the photographs in this collection are located in cool storage and arranged in folders by their catalog numbers.
Provenance:
This collection was purchased in 2005.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Circus performers -- Photographs  Search this
Kiowa Indians -- Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Traveling theater -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Broadsides
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Kenjockety and Louis B. Newell Native American Entertainers collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.025
See more items in:
Frank Kenjockety and Louis Belmont Newell Native American Entertainers collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45c139a20-098a-47bc-864e-bac3142f448d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-025
Online Media:

Alice Kennedy Eagan Collection of George A. Addison Fort Sill photographs

Photographer:
Addison, George A.  Search this
Collector:
Eagan, Alice Kennedy  Search this
Extent:
23 Cabinet photographs
0.25 Linear feet
Container:
Box 1
Photo-folder folder 1
Photo-folder 2
Photo-folder 3
Photo-folder 4
Photo-folder 5
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Place:
Fort Sill (Okla.)
Date:
circa 1894-1896
Summary:
This collection of twenty-three cabinet card photographs was collected by Alice Kennedy Eagan, and depicts Native American and non-native life in the Fort Still, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1894-1896.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of twenty-three cabinet cards of Native Americans and non-native soldiers and civilians in the Fort Sill area of the Oklahoma Territory. The images consist of studio portraits and exterior shots of Fort Sill school buildings, military barracks, and the surrounding countryside. Particular images of note include studio portraits of Kiowa women and children, babies in cradleboards, women quilting, a baseball game, and soldiers in uniform. All photographs are attributed to photographer George A. Addison, taken in approximately 1894-1896, and collected by Alice Kennedy Eagan.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection are organized into folders, and arranged by image number: (P34119-P34141).
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Kennedy Eagan (1870-1955) was born in Ohio in 1870, and moved to Fort Sill in the Oklahoma Territory in the 1890s, collecting cabinet cards of local Native American tribes and non-native Fort Sill soldiers and civilians while there. She later received her nursing degree in San Francisco, California in 1904, met and married James E. Eagan in Nevada in 1907, and eventually moved to Columbia County, Wisconsin in 1908. She raised her family there and remained in Wisconsin for the rest of her life, passing away in 1955 at the age of 85.

George Anthony Addison (1853-1937) was a photographer who operated studios in Texas and the Oklahoma Territory from the early 1880s until approximately 1907. Addison operated studios in Taylor and Georgetown near Autsin, Texas, Norcona in northern Texas, Wheeler County in the Texas Panhandle, and from 1890 to 1895, in the Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory area. He passed away and was buried in the town of Canadian, Oklahoma in 1937.
Related Materials:
Additional photographs by George A. Addison in the NMAI Archive Center include image numbers: [P13128, P20326-P20329, and P20455].

Other photographic collections of George A. Addison's work exist in the Smithsonian Institution's National Anthropological Archives, and the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, OK.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Robert J. Pietrykowski in 2008.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Fort Sill Indian School  Search this
Indians of North America -- Oklahoma  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Alice Kennedy Eagan Collection of George A. Addison Fort Sill photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.097
See more items in:
Alice Kennedy Eagan Collection of George A. Addison Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv439bb2911-b856-48b1-862e-53d3be8c0a62
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-097
Online Media:

Thomas Croft cabinet cards

Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
19 Cabinet photographs
0.04 Linear feet
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
American Indian -- Southern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Date:
1888-1894
Summary:
This collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images depicting individuals from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities in the Oklahoma and Indian Territories between approximately 1888 and 1894.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Croft cabinet cards collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images taken between approximately 1888 and 1894 near Arkansas City, Kansas, and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. The photos depict men, women, and children from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities living in the regions then known as the Oklahoma and Indian Territories. Communities depicted include Oklahoma Cherokee, Niuam (Comanche), Kiowa, Otoe, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Ponca, and Sac and Fox individuals and groups. These cabinet cards consist of studio portraits as well as less formalized photographs shot outside of the studio on Native reservations and at the nearby Chilocco Indian School.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into folders by cultural group.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Croft was born in 1849 and lived in Illinois before moving further west. In the years soon after his 1885 arrival in Arkansas City, Kansas, Croft joined two already established photographers in the area, William Prettyman and George Cornish. Croft documented daily life in Arkansas City, but also frequently traveled to the then Oklahoma and Indian Territories to capture images of Native Americans living on nearby reservations. He maintained Elite Studio in Arkansas City, Kansas, and later another studio in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. Croft continued to practice photography into the early years of the twentieth century until his death in 1909. In addition to his numerous photographs of Native Americans, Croft is also known for documenting the 1893 Land Run in Oklahoma, as well as for taking what is considered to be the first photographic image of a tornado, shot in May of 1896 in Oklahoma City.
Related Materials:
Thomas Croft's photographic work is extensive and resides in many cultural heritage repositories, including the Kansas City Public Library in Kansas City, Missouri, the Department of Special Collections and University Archives of the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and the DeGolyer Library at Southern Methodist University in Texas, among other locations.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Joanne Reiter in 1995.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c03316d5-43c0-43b2-90a3-24b873caeb4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-350
Online Media:

Photo Album

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Tom Poolaw (Thomas Lee Poolaw), Kiowa, b. 1959  Search this
Previous owner:
Tom Poolaw (Thomas Lee Poolaw), Kiowa, b. 1959  Search this
NMAI agent:
Fred Nahwooksy (Reaves Fred Nahwooksy), Niuam (Comanche), 1955-2009  Search this
Title:
Photo Album
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint, vinyl phonograph record, photograph/photographs, wood
Techniques:
Painted, collaged, framed
Dimensions:
68.7 x 83.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Norman; Cleveland County; Oklahoma; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/5183
Barcode:
265183.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67c702fb0-397d-4944-97c4-1b0d51ccabad
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_281378
Online Media:

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