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Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs

Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
56 Photographic prints
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
1898-1901
Summary:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs were shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898 and the Greater America Exposition, 1899, both held in Omaha, Nebraska.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs depict photographic portraits and scenes of sham battles shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, from June 1 to October 31, 1898. Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and his assistant Adolph F. Muhr were the official photographers. During the Indian Congress they photographed more than 500 individuals and groups representing the estimated thirty-six tribes represented at the Exposition. Rinehart shot the majority of the outdoor battles, dance scenes, and events, while Muhr photographed the majority of the delegate portraits. Rinehart copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899 and 1900.

Other photographs in this collection are photographic portraits of American Indian leaders that were photographed by Herman Heyn and James Matzen at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha in 1899. Heyn copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899.

Finally, the collection also contains 7 loose photomechanical prints depicting portraits by photographer William Henry Jackson. These prints were colorized and published under Jackson's company the Detroit Photographic Co. Other loose color photomechanical prints include portraits shot by photographer William H. Rau (1855-1920) for the Chicago Inter-Ocean Newspaper in 1901.

The photograph titles were assigned by the photographers.
Arrangement:
The photographs in the album are in original order. The loose prints are organized into 3 folders.
Biographical / Historical:
Byron Harvey, III (1932-2005) was an anthropologist and collector specializing in southwestern American Indian tribes. He was the great-grandson of Frederick Harvey, best known as the founder of the Fred Harvey Company that ran a successful chain of gift shops, restaurants, and hotels known as Harvey Houses. The Company also amassed a collection of American Indian art and sold many collections to museums including the Museum of the American Indian (NMAI's predecessor museum).

The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair. James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.

After the Trans-Mississippi Exposition ended, the Greater America Exposition opened on the same fair grounds from July 1, 1899 to October 31, 1899. Herman Heyn and James Matzen won the contract to be the official photographer of the new Exposition. This Exposition featured many of the same buildings and set up as the Trans-Mississippi Exposition of the previous year.
Related Materials:
The Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas has a large collection of Frank Rinehart photographs from U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including the original glass plate negatives.

The National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center also holds other photographs shot by Rinehart and Muhr at Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including collection NMAI.AC.118.
Provenance:
Donated by Byron Harvey, III in 1966.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Greater America Exposition (1899 : Omaha, Neb.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.119
See more items in:
Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a0d820a2-4caf-43a3-b0c2-37c49a927171
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-119
Online Media:

Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
54 Albumen prints
7 Copy negatives
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Ute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Arizona
Colorado
New Mexico
Idaho
Date:
1871-1874
Summary:
This collection contains photographs documenting American Indian communities and landscape scenes in the Southwest photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan and William Bell for U.S. geographical surveys circa 1871-1874.
Scope and Contents:
P01730, P01731, P01733, P01735, P01743-P01792 (copy negatives: N34849-N34851, N34853- N34855, N35051)

This collection contains 54 photographs (plus 7 copy negatives) that were shot by photographer Timothy O'Sullivan 1871, 1873, and 1874 and William Bell in 1872 for the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. The survey was commonly referred to as the "Wheeler Surveys."

The photographs depict American Indian Pueblos in the Southwest including Apache; A:shiwi (Zuni); Diné (Navajo); Hopi; Jicarilla Apache; Laguna Pueblo; Mohave; San Felipe Pueblo; Taos Pueblo; and Ute, among other communities. In addition, the collection contains landscape and scenic shot in the same region.

The bulk of the photos in this collection are one half of a stereoscope photograph that was never pasted onto a stereoscope card. The copy negatives in this collection were created by the Museum of the American Indian in the late 1960s.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by year and subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of American Indian tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1873, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1872. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.

[History note from the National Anthropological Archives collection record NAA.PhotoLot.167 with edits made by NMAI]
Provenance:
It is unclear when most of these photographs were obtained by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.229
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a33124fa-9948-47bc-b2a5-62f0b6f77693
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-229
Online Media:

Ralph Aspaas collection

Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Names:
Aspaas, Allie Ward  Search this
Aspaas, Carl Henry  Search this
Aspaas, Ellanette  Search this
Aspaas, Max Herndon  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph Ward  Search this
Wirt, Emmet  Search this
Wirt, Emmet  Search this
Extent:
26 Photographic prints
181 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Correspondence
Marriage certificates
Place:
Tohono O'odham Reservation (Ariz.)
Jicarilla Indian Reservation (N.M.)
Arizona
Dulce (N.M.)
New Mexico
Date:
1900-1915
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 207 photographs documenting U.S. Allotting Agent Ralph Aspaas (1876-1939), his work, his family, and his travels around the United States southwest circa 1900-1915. The bulk of the materials in this collection depict scenes from the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in New Mexico and the Tohono O'odham (Papago) in Arizona. The photographs may have been shot by Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas (1873-1968).
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into three series: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, Tohono O'odham (Papago) Reservation, and Colorado, Utah, and unidentified locations.
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph Aspaas served as an Allotting Agent for the United States Indian Service (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs). He was first assigned to the Jicarilla Apache reservation from circa 1900 to 1910 and then to the Tohono O'odham reservation from circa 1912 to 1915. As an Agent, he allotted land within these reservations to individual tribal members and for tribal community use. Born in 1876, Aspaas married schoolteacher Allie Maud Ward (1881-1959) on July 15, 1905. Together they had six children- Ralph Ward Aspaas (1906-1972), Carl Henry Aspaas (1908-1975), Max Herndon Aspaas (1911-1971), Ellanette Aspaas (b. 1913), Helen Marie Aspaas (1920-2012), and Ruth Louise Aspaas (1922- 1966). By 1920 Ralph was working as a farmer and rancher in Breen, La Plata County, Colorado. He died on September 30, 1939 in Colorado.
Separated Materials:
The nitrate negatives are stored at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
Gift of Helen R. Aspaas, 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Southwest -- Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona -- Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- New Mexico -- Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social life and customs  Search this
Indian land transfers -- New Mexico  Search this
Indian land transfers -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1910-1920
Marriage certificates
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ebcf03e5-d6a8-4a9d-8b49-2ed98e210847
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-086
Online Media:

Landscape view on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting the Jicarilla Apache boarding school on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Photographed probably by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47188
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4738a4178-417c-4a8a-9f2f-0f217bea9771
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref530

Jicarilla Apache boarding school

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph overlooking a boading school building on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Photographed probably by either Ralph Aspaas or Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47189
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43909129d-cd76-4498-9e48-531008278fa2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref531

Unidentified man (Jicarilla Apache)

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of a man standing outside a boarding school building on Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. The photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47190
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49af68b4d-267c-470b-8182-9fe3de2e5451
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref532

Woman holding a baby (Jicarilla Apache)

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Double exposure photograph depicting a woman holding a baby in front of a boarding school building on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. The photograph was probably shot by Ralph Aspaas or Hans Aspaas, circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47191
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44fcbed1c-33e0-4644-9200-0e45930e3373
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref533

Jicarilla Apache boarding school children

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a group of school children lined up outside the boarding school on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Photographed probably by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47192
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45aa6fb6f-8cc9-4b9b-8dc4-96c407c32f1c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref534

Group portrait

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting six men standing in front of a brick building on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Ralph Aspaas (Allotting Agent) is standing third from left and Emmet Wirt is 5th from left. Photograph probably by Ralph Aspaas' brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47193
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv42ef4ee61-69de-4dea-9779-cfa655d40d7a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref535

Jicarilla Apache boarding school children

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1905-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a group of students in uniform standing in front of the boarding schoolhouse on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Schoolteacher Allie Ward Aspaas may be one of the women standing behind the students. Photographed probably by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1905-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47194
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv487958321-4bcf-4874-a925-e71832df6117
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref536

Emmet Wirt and children (Jicarilla Apache)

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Emmet Wirt sitting outside of woodframe building with 2 small children (Jicarilla Apache) on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. Photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47198
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv456ba8d82-a535-422b-8929-60489c0cb3a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref540

Men and children (Jicarilla Apache)

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting two men with two small children (Jicarilla Apache) sitting on steps of woodframe building. The photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47199
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv465249555-4403-443a-9633-c97754636123
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref541

Outdoor group portrait

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting three men, one holding baby, standing in yard on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. The man on the right is probably Ralph Aspaas (Allotting Agent) holding one of his sons Ralph Ward Aspaas or Carl Henry Aspaas. This photograph was probably shot by Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47201
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43d70373a-d1e6-40c9-919c-5431e63db05e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref543

Ralph Aspaas and Emmet Wirt

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Allotting Agent Ralph Aspaas (on left) and Emmet Wirt (on right) sitting on horseback with pack mule. This photograph was probably shot by Hans Aspaas on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47202
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv443a529f0-4a8b-4ac6-bf76-aeded019bd8c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref544

Emmet Wirt trading post

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a group of people standing outside Emmet Wirt's trading post store on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. The store is decorated with American flags. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47203
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4cbbd703e-66a7-457b-a6a2-b000a8b00cab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref545

Landscape

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a landscape with a rocky hillside on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47204
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv482d356f6-b151-4a44-a10d-d0bff99f6315
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref546

Teams of horses

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting two men standing with teams of horses on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47205
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44743a94e-6feb-471d-bee0-2d73f0d67acd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref547

Landscape

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a rocky landscape on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47206
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46d757ea7-6f93-4ed8-a939-8cd2dbeaf70b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref548

Outdoor portrait

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1905-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a man and woman standing on a dirt road on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. The woman may be schoolteacher Allie Ward Aspaas. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1905-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47207
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ce51d1ca-61e6-47af-b1aa-845d8df19590
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref549

Road construction

Collection Creator:
Aspaas, Hans  Search this
Aspaas, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 3 (Nitrate film negatives: N47188 - N47225, N47232 - N47276, N47343 - N47354, N47358 - N47362, N47365)
Culture:
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting men walking a long line of horses pulling gear for road construction on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in Dulce, New Mexico. This photograph was probably shot by either Ralph Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas circa 1900-1910.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.086, Item N47208
See more items in:
Ralph Aspaas collection
Ralph Aspaas collection / Series 1: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, N.M.
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4749ec320-e732-4551-a80b-14a1a8a13578
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-086-ref550

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