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Niuam (Comanche) encampment

Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of Niuam (Comanche) encampment in the vicinity of Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory. Photographer unknown, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09362
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4318af364-8ea9-4529-9486-b260f5627275
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref15

Niuam (Comanche) encampment

Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of Niuam (Comanche) encampment in the vicinity of Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory. Photographer unknown, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09365
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b5684549-8533-43d3-9423-65d8e8c89219
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref16

Ce-tior Quinine [Niuam (Comanche)]

Creator:
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of Ce-tior Quinine [Niuam (Comanche)]. Probably photographed by either William Stinson Soule or W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09372
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41413d581-700a-4593-b329-a8eb5da61957
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref17

Unidentified Niuam (Comanche) man

Creator:
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
Circa 1875
Scope and Contents:
Portrait studio photograph of an unidentified Niuam (Comanche) man. Probably photographed by W.P. Bliss near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, circa 1875.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183, Item P09378
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41a244034-409b-40ae-a488-06b980de7fa4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-183-ref18

Plains

Collection Creator:
Evelyn, Douglas E.  Search this
Extent:
9 Postcards
7 Stereographs
Container:
Photo-folder 9
Photo-folder 10
Photo-folder 14
Photo-folder 15
Photo-folder 16
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Photographs
Postcards
Stereographs
Date:
1900-1937
Scope and Contents:
Postcards: 226_pht_009_001; 226_pht_009_002; 226_pht_009_003; 226_pht_009_004; 226_pht_009_005; 226_pht_010_001; 226_pht_010_002; 226_pht_010_003 (Restricted); 226_pht_010_004 (Restricted); Stereographs: P33121; P33126; P33127; P33128; P33132; P33133; P33134

This series contains 9 postcards and 7 stereographs. The images include depictions of Kiowa, Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), Niuam (Comanche), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), and White Mountain Apache communities. Individuals specifically identified are Bald Eagle (Sioux), Ho-Wear [Niuam (Comanche)], Horseback [Niuam (Comanche)], and Min-nin-ne-wah or Whirlwind [Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)]. Also represented in this series are a landscape image of the Garden of the Gods in Colorado Springs, as well as an exterior view of the buildings at the Kickapoo Mission in Horton, Kansas.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
The following images in this series are restricted due to cultural sensitivity: 226_pht_010_003; 226_pht_010_004.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.226, Series 6
See more items in:
Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b9ae0d42-6c07-4ae2-9856-e387cd0f5ba8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-226-ref6

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 Photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 Printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish  Search this
Skokomish  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso)  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47bb7e1cf-cd0f-42a1-ac5b-8ee402c1ab8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Online Media:

Thomas Croft cabinet cards

Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
19 Cabinet photographs
0.04 Linear feet
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
American Indian -- Southern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Date:
1888-1894
Summary:
This collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images depicting individuals from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities in the Oklahoma and Indian Territories between approximately 1888 and 1894.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Croft cabinet cards collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images taken between approximately 1888 and 1894 near Arkansas City, Kansas, and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. The photos depict men, women, and children from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities living in the regions then known as the Oklahoma and Indian Territories. Communities depicted include Oklahoma Cherokee, Niuam (Comanche), Kiowa, Otoe, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Ponca, and Sac and Fox individuals and groups. These cabinet cards consist of studio portraits as well as less formalized photographs shot outside of the studio on Native reservations and at the nearby Chilocco Indian School.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into folders by cultural group.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Croft was born in 1849 and lived in Illinois before moving further west. In the years soon after his 1885 arrival in Arkansas City, Kansas, Croft joined two already established photographers in the area, William Prettyman and George Cornish. Croft documented daily life in Arkansas City, but also frequently traveled to the then Oklahoma and Indian Territories to capture images of Native Americans living on nearby reservations. He maintained Elite Studio in Arkansas City, Kansas, and later another studio in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. Croft continued to practice photography into the early years of the twentieth century until his death in 1909. In addition to his numerous photographs of Native Americans, Croft is also known for documenting the 1893 Land Run in Oklahoma, as well as for taking what is considered to be the first photographic image of a tornado, shot in May of 1896 in Oklahoma City.
Related Materials:
Thomas Croft's photographic work is extensive and resides in many cultural heritage repositories, including the Kansas City Public Library in Kansas City, Missouri, the Department of Special Collections and University Archives of the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and the DeGolyer Library at Southern Methodist University in Texas, among other locations.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Joanne Reiter in 1995.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c03316d5-43c0-43b2-90a3-24b873caeb4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-350
Online Media:

Niuam (Comanche) village near Fort Sill, Indian Territory

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Cabinet Card photograph of a Niuam (Comanche) village near Fort Sill, Indian Territory. Photographed by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26732
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ef848fbf-4d33-486a-ad4e-bf427f7d2318
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref4

Unidentified Niuam (Comanche) woman and child

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of an unidentified Niuam (Comanche) woman and child. Photographed in the field by Thomas Croft.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26733
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4e3355fba-331a-4f9f-ae86-28d387730fb1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref5

Unidentified Niuam (Comanche) girls

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of two unidentified Niuam (Comanche) girls. Photographed in the field by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26734
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41c36ba3b-1e98-4cfc-91f5-e741bcda1cee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref6

Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection

Creator:
Evelyn, Douglas E.  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
42 Printed pages
30 Postcards
25 Photographic prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Printed pages
Postcards
Photographic prints
Date:
1880-1960
Summary:
This collection consists of 42 NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, 30 postcards, and 25 stereographs depicting indigenous peoples of North and Central America, with dates ranging 1880 – 1960. The bulk of the collection consists of images of Native communities throughout the United States, and includes portrait images, dwellings, and landscape views.
Scope and Contents:
The Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection consists of 42 NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, 30 postcards, and 25 stereographs, with dates ranging 1880 – 1960. The images depict indigenous peoples of the Americas, and spans a large geographical breadth extending from the Arctic in the north to El Salvador in Central America in the south. The bulk of the collection consists of images of Native communities throughout the United States, and includes portrait images, dwellings, and landscape views. Of particular note are the NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, marketed towards children from 1949 to 1952, which depict outdoor activities as romanticized constructions about American Indian identity and life.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 9 series, organized thematically and then regionally by location or culture group. Series 1: NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, Series 2: Arctic/Subarctic, Series 3: Northwest Coast, Series 4: California, Series 5: Southwest, Series 6: Plains, Series 7: Northeast/Great Lakes, Series 8: Southeast, Series 9: Central America
Biographical / Historical:
Douglas E. Evelyn worked for several decades in senior-level management positions with the Smithsonian Institution, including the National Portrait Gallery, the National Museum of American History, and the National Museum of the American Indian. Evelyn is also the author of a number of scholarly articles and books, among them On This Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington, D.C., co-authored with Paul Dickson.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Douglas E. Evelyn in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
The following images are restricted due to cultural sensitivity: 226_pht_010_003; 226_pht_010_004; 226_pht_012_002; P33114; P33116; P33120.
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of Central America -- El Salvador  Search this
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians. Minnesota  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.226
See more items in:
Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b273f6eb-dfba-407f-be23-97e7e40da172
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-226
Online Media:

He-vah

Culture/People:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Josephine Wapp (Jospehine Myers-Wapp), Niuam (Comanche), 1912-2014 and Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie (Hulleah Tsinahjinnie/Hulleah Tsinajinnie), Diné (Navajo)/Muskogee (Creek)/Seminole, b. 1954  Search this
Commissioner:
National Museum of the American Indian Exhibitions Department (NMAI Exhibits Department)  Search this
Subject:
Lena Fisher Myers (He-vah/Heva), Niuam (Comanche), 1879-1972  Search this
Title:
He-vah
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Board, paper, felt-tipped marker, colored pencil, ink, glue
Techniques:
Photographically reproduced, cut, collaged, colored, drawn, written
Dimensions:
50.8 x 38.2 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
George Gustav Heye Center, National Museum of the American Indian (Alexander Hamilton US Customs House), 1 Bowling Green; New York City, Manhattan; New York County; New York; USA
Island Name:
Manhattan Island
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/9681
Barcode:
269681.000
See related items:
Niuam (Comanche)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d623183b-49ce-46d2-be19-ad3b85dcd985
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412517

Nabah

Culture/People:
probably Niuam (Comanche) (attributed)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Josephine Wapp (Jospehine Myers-Wapp), Niuam (Comanche), 1912-2014 and Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie (Hulleah Tsinahjinnie/Hulleah Tsinajinnie), Diné (Navajo)/Muskogee (Creek)/Seminole, b. 1954  Search this
Commissioner:
National Museum of the American Indian Exhibitions Department (NMAI Exhibits Department)  Search this
Subject:
Kathryn Peshlakai Arviso (Kay Arviso/K. P. Arviso/Mrs. John Charles Arviso), Diné (Navajo), 1913-1994  Search this
Title:
Nabah
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Board, paper, graphite, felt-tipped marker, glue
Techniques:
Photographically reproduced, cut, collaged, colored, written
Dimensions:
50.8 x 38.2 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
George Gustav Heye Center, National Museum of the American Indian (Alexander Hamilton US Customs House), 1 Bowling Green; New York City, Manhattan; New York County; New York; USA
Island Name:
Manhattan Island
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/9684
Barcode:
269684.000
See related items:
Niuam (Comanche)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws618c3d11d-ef7f-45e9-a00e-9f34b216dc87
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412520

He-vah

Culture/People:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Josephine Wapp (Jospehine Myers-Wapp), Niuam (Comanche), 1912-2014 and Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie (Hulleah Tsinahjinnie/Hulleah Tsinajinnie), Diné (Navajo)/Muskogee (Creek)/Seminole, b. 1954  Search this
Commissioner:
National Museum of the American Indian Exhibitions Department (NMAI Exhibits Department)  Search this
Subject:
Lena Fisher Myers (He-vah/Heva), Niuam (Comanche), 1879-1972  Search this
Title:
He-vah
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Board, paper, felt-tipped marker, glue
Techniques:
Photographically reproduced, cut, collaged, colored, drawn, written
Dimensions:
50.8 x 38.2 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
George Gustav Heye Center, National Museum of the American Indian (Alexander Hamilton US Customs House), 1 Bowling Green; New York City, Manhattan; New York County; New York; USA
Island Name:
Manhattan Island
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/9687
Barcode:
269687.000
See related items:
Niuam (Comanche)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68faaa88f-7a73-4c7b-a6c4-3427535bbb09
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412523

Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs

Creator:
Schraubstadter, Oswald  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Bliss, William P.  Search this
Extent:
26 Photographic prints
0.06 Linear feet
Culture:
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1869-1875
Summary:
This collection consists of twenty-six photographic prints depicting individuals from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities in the region of Fort Sill and Camp Supply, Oklahoma Territory, and dating to the 1860s and 1870s.
Content Description:
The Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs consists of twenty-six photographic prints dating to the 1860s and 1870s. The bulk of the photographs are studio portraits and depict a number of Southern Plains Indian community members and leaders in the region of Fort Sill and Camp Supply, Oklahoma Territory. These photographs represent the work of various late twentieth-century photographers of the American West including William Stinson Soule (Will Soule), William P. Bliss (W.P. Bliss), and others so far unidentified. The photographs were collected by Oswald Schraubstadter, who donated them to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1928.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into folders by cultural group.
Biographical / Historical:
Oswald Schraubstadter was born in 1868 in St. Louis, Missouri. Along with his father and brothers, Oswald worked in the type foundry business. With his brothers he established the Inland Type Foundry in St. Louis in 1894, and later worked for the American Type Founders company in New York until his retirement in 1932. Oswald Schraubstadter died in 1955 in New York at the age of 86.

Photographers William Stinson Soule (Will Soule) and William P. Bliss (W.P. Bliss) were contemporaries who briefly lived and worked in the region of Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory, at approximately the same time in the 1870s. Both men photographed the U.S. Army personnel and Southern Plains Indian communities living there, with Soule arriving in the area in the late 1860s and departing in 1874. Bliss arrived in either 1874 or 1875 and documented many of the same individuals and geographic features as Soule. At least some of Soule's original photography was later sold under Bliss's photographic imprint. Due to this, there continues to be debate over the correct attribution of the works of these two men in the Fort Sill region in the 1860s and 1870s.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Oswald Schraubstadter in 1928.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs, NMAI.AC.183; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.183
See more items in:
Oswald Schraubstadter collection of Fort Sill photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43d12aa64-823e-49c8-8045-22b7031b59d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-183
Online Media:

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