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Basket Makers

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a woman (Eastern Band of Cherokee) and possibly her daugher weaving baskets. Finished baskets sit on ground in front of them. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29270
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4368e4965-4e73-40d1-8b18-92331f3a587b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref1

Making Cherokee Pottery

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting three women (Eastern Band of Cherokee) sitting on a porch making pottery and beading. Examples of pottery are displayed between them. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29272
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40c387ba4-1611-4484-9be4-22a92957bb11
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref3

Cherokee Pottery and Bead Worker

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of a young woman (Eastern Band of Cherokee) sitting on a porch and holding a bead loom with pottery displayed next to her. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29273
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv413c677e9-db07-4a2c-8ecd-45bba132570b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref4

Chief Nollyton

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Chief Nollyton (Eastern Band of Cherokee) posed outdoors wearing feathered headdress. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29274
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv497dd7420-4573-4fab-97f9-a636034d78f5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref5

Chief Standing Deer

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Chief Standing Deer (Eastern Band of Cherokee) posed outdoors in front of tipi wearing feathered headdress and holding bow and arrows. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29275
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c187dd4d-4dc6-4d85-bd93-4c123bd123b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref6

Cherokees Ready for the Green Corn Dance

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting three men and three women (Eastern Band of Cherokee) posed outdoors, wearing fringed traditional clothing in preparation for Green Corn Dance.Two of the men hold a drum and bows and arrows. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina, circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29276
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f3c62b2b-e732-4d5b-88ff-670677b13023
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref7

Cherokee, N.C.

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a view of a valley on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29277
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ba532612-cd47-4799-8a9c-fd324f450f2b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref8

Soco Falls

Collection Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Soco Falls on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina. Photographed by W.M. Cline Company circa 1937-1938.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362, Item P29278
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f66a55ea-e2de-45fe-83e7-ddff67cfed88
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-362-ref9

Joel B. Mayes, Principal Chief of the Oklahoma Cherokee

Collection Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
1 Cabinet photograph
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
1888-1891
Scope and Contents:
Portrait photograph of Joel B. Mayes, Principal Chief of the Cherokee in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Photographed by Thomas Croft.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350, Item P26722
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ca8c8396-fdbc-4651-bdfe-86adc89c897d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-350-ref3

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 Negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a7ad21af-6cc2-49e2-a636-bcf01e1c4dc6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Online Media:

Log school house in Qualla Boundary

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1930
Scope and Contents:
View of a log school house in Qualla Boundary on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Item N18564
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection / Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d6c556f1-2d24-4901-9581-2ba7cb173117
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref1098

Lula Owl and child

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1930
Scope and Contents:
View of Catawba/Eastern Band of Cherokee nurse Lula Owl crouching down with a child in Cherokee County, North Carolina.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Item N18565
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection / Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45f0d1b47-df66-4d10-94d5-60272a1a8df2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref1099

Ravensfork River

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1930
Scope and Contents:
View of the Ravensfork river leading to Big Cove settlement on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Item N18566
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection / Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43061a469-4f8a-43be-9fbf-48e73a195171
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref1100

W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee

Photographer:
W.M. Cline Company  Search this
Extent:
10 Photographic prints
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
North Carolina
Date:
circa 1937-1938
Summary:
This collection contains 10 photographs depicting the Eastern Band of Cherokee in North Carolina. The photographs were shot by W.M. Cline Company of Chattanooga, Tennessee circa 1937.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 10 photographs depicting scenes on the Eastern Band of Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina. The photographs were shot by W.M. Cline Company of Chattanooga, TN circa 1937. The photographs were originally sold in a small souvenir self-mailer portfolio entitled, "Selected Snapshots, 10 views, Cherokee Indian Reservation, N.C." The photographs themselves feature descriptions printed at the bottom. Based on the copyright entry, it seems that the photographs were copyrighted on Oct. 14, 1937 and most likely published in the souvenir package in 1938.

The photographs include images of Chief Nollyton and Chief Standing Deer; scenes of basket and pottery makers and bead workers; Green Corn Dancers; and landscapes.
Arrangement:
The photographs in this collection are arranged in folders by image number.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in Guernsey County, Ohio on April 21, 1873, Walter Matson Cline, Sr. began practicing photography in high school. He went on to establish Bell and Cline studio in Cambridge, Ohio and later moved with his mother and sister to Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1904 where he worked for photographers Elworth L. Mudge and Amos W. Judd. Around 1910, Cline established his own photography business Cline Studios. He traveled the country producing scenic and travel photography for commercial sale. In January 1914, he married Lucy Haley and their son Walter Matson, Jr. was born later in the year and Sara Antoinette was born in 1916. The family opened the C. M. Cline Company in 1938, which specialized in postcard photography, however, Walter Matson Cline, Sr. died three years later in 1941. His family took over the business.
Related Materials:
The University of Tennessee in Chattanooga and the Library of Congress in Washington, DC also hold photographs shot by Cline Studios and the W.M. Cline Company.
Provenance:
Gift of Fern Thomas Robertson and Martha N. Lundquist, 2004.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee, image #, NMAI.AC.362; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.362
See more items in:
W.M. Cline Company photographs of Eastern Band of Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40720353e-3e1c-4f5c-8f1b-5322cf1394f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-362
Online Media:

Thomas Croft cabinet cards

Creator:
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
19 Cabinet photographs
0.04 Linear feet
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
American Indian -- Southern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Date:
1888-1894
Summary:
This collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images depicting individuals from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities in the Oklahoma and Indian Territories between approximately 1888 and 1894.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Croft cabinet cards collection consists of nineteen cabinet card images taken between approximately 1888 and 1894 near Arkansas City, Kansas, and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. The photos depict men, women, and children from a number of Southern Plains Indian communities living in the regions then known as the Oklahoma and Indian Territories. Communities depicted include Oklahoma Cherokee, Niuam (Comanche), Kiowa, Otoe, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Ponca, and Sac and Fox individuals and groups. These cabinet cards consist of studio portraits as well as less formalized photographs shot outside of the studio on Native reservations and at the nearby Chilocco Indian School.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into folders by cultural group.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Croft was born in 1849 and lived in Illinois before moving further west. In the years soon after his 1885 arrival in Arkansas City, Kansas, Croft joined two already established photographers in the area, William Prettyman and George Cornish. Croft documented daily life in Arkansas City, but also frequently traveled to the then Oklahoma and Indian Territories to capture images of Native Americans living on nearby reservations. He maintained Elite Studio in Arkansas City, Kansas, and later another studio in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory. Croft continued to practice photography into the early years of the twentieth century until his death in 1909. In addition to his numerous photographs of Native Americans, Croft is also known for documenting the 1893 Land Run in Oklahoma, as well as for taking what is considered to be the first photographic image of a tornado, shot in May of 1896 in Oklahoma City.
Related Materials:
Thomas Croft's photographic work is extensive and resides in many cultural heritage repositories, including the Kansas City Public Library in Kansas City, Missouri, the Department of Special Collections and University Archives of the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and the DeGolyer Library at Southern Methodist University in Texas, among other locations.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Joanne Reiter in 1995.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Croft cabinet cards, NMAI.AC.350; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.350
See more items in:
Thomas Croft cabinet cards
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c03316d5-43c0-43b2-90a3-24b873caeb4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-350
Online Media:

Lost on the Trail

Culture/People:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Bear Allison (John Allison), Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Previous owner:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians  Search this
Donor:
Kevin Gover, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)/Niuam (Comanche), b. 1955  Search this
Title:
Lost on the Trail
Object Name:
Photograph
Media/Materials:
Canvas, photographic emulsion, wood
Techniques:
Photographically reproduced, printed
Dimensions:
60.8 x 91.1 x 3.4 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
North Carolina; USA (inferred)
Date created:
2013
Catalog Number:
26/9311
Barcode:
269311.000
See related items:
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws624941c45-d369-423d-baaa-a3686afd7013
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_410448

Coming Into Power

Culture/People:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Previous owner:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Donor:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Title:
Coming Into Power
Object Name:
Photograph
Media/Materials:
Matboard, paint
Techniques:
Printed, painted
Dimensions:
50.3 x 40.3 x 50.3 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Tulsa; Tulsa County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1986
Catalog Number:
26/9976
Barcode:
269976.000
See related items:
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f7d03cf1-a074-420f-9f13-99c1ab9dc29f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412822

Earth Renewal

Culture/People:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Previous owner:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Donor:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Title:
Earth Renewal
Object Name:
Photograph
Media/Materials:
Paper, photographic emulsion, paint
Techniques:
Printed, hand-tinted
Dimensions:
51.0 x 61.1 x 50.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Tulsa; Tulsa County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1996
Catalog Number:
26/9968
Barcode:
269968.000
See related items:
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67b413d43-ea18-4487-ab48-ca728fac5e3d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412833

Earth Renewal, Earth Return

Culture/People:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Previous owner:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Donor:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Title:
Earth Renewal, Earth Return
Object Name:
Photograph
Media/Materials:
Paper, matboard, ink
Techniques:
Printed, hand-tinted
Dimensions:
50.7 x 38.0 x 61.0 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Tulsa; Tulsa County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
2003-2006
Catalog Number:
26/9969
Barcode:
269969.000
See related items:
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64c2da203-edf3-4f2c-8f89-35b6db0f61ba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412834

Kituwah Mound

Culture/People:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Previous owner:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Donor:
Shan Goshorn, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1957-2018  Search this
Title:
Kituwah Mound
Object Name:
Photograph
Media/Materials:
Foam-core board, ink
Techniques:
Printed, hand-tinted
Dimensions:
50.5 x 75.4 x 50.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Tulsa; Tulsa County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
2010
Catalog Number:
26/9970
Barcode:
269970.000
See related items:
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65f6567d6-1959-4d82-ac04-9e2814e26ab4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_412835
Online Media:

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