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Washington -- Enid A. Haupt Garden

Donor:
Haupt, Enid A. (Enid Annenberg), 1906-2005  Search this
Principal architect:
Carlhian, Jean Paul  Search this
Consultant:
Collins, Lester, -1993  Search this
Stonecarver:
Seferlis, Constantine, 1928-2005  Search this
Architect:
Renwick, James, 1818-1895  Search this
Creator:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon), 1913-2001 (Smithsonian secretary)  Search this
Sasaki Associates  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Varying Form:
Victorian Garden, formerly known as.
General:
The Enid A. Haupt Garden was dedicated on May 22, 1987. It is located between the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arts and Industries Building, and south of the Smithsonian Institution Building, commonly referred to as the Castle. This 4.3 acre area actually sits atop the Quadrangle complex - an underground facility made up of three Smithsonian museum spaces: the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the National Museum of African Art, and the S. Dillon Ripley Center. Above-ground kiosk entrances to the Sackler and African Art museums are located in the Haupt Garden itself. The Haupt Garden contains three discrete gardens within it: the Parterre, the Moongate Garden, and the Fountain Garden.
After the Castle's construction was completed in 1855, the area to its south became known as the South Yard. In 1887, it functioned as a zoo for bison to promote the conservation of their over-hunted population. The bison were moved to the newly-established National Zoological Park in 1889, and for nearly a century, the South Yard was home to a number of different buildings including the Aerodrome Shop, a solar radiation lab, a bug house (where beetles cleaned skeletal remains of animal specimens), temporary storage and collection buildings, a U.S. Army hangar, and a greenhouse and Quonset hut for the Office of Horticulture. In 1976, the Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture (now Smithsonian Gardens) planted the Victorian Garden parterre on the South Yard, in celebration of America's Bicentennial and to complement a Victoriana exhibition on horticulture in the adjacent Arts and Industries Building. This garden was inspired by a similar parterre made for the 1876 Centennial celebration in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1979, President Jimmy Carter authorized $500,000 for the planning and construction of the Quadrangle - an underground complex built in the South Yard - to house the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the National Museum of African Art, and the S. Dillon Ripley Center. In 1982, the Victorian Garden was removed. Construction on the Quadrangle spanned from June 21, 1983 to 1987. Architect Jean Paul Carlhian of the firm Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson and Abbot was in charge of designing the Quadrangle complex which incorporated an initial design concept by Japanese architect Junzo Yoshimura.
Once basic construction was complete and soil returned to the ground-level (i.e. roof) of the Quadrangle, it was clear that there was more room for gardens beyond the reincorporated parterre. Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley invited philanthropist Enid A. Haupt to tour the garden site, hoping Mrs. Haupt would finance a Zen garden west of the parterre. In fact, she financed the entire design and construction of the new garden with a $3 million endowment, stipulating that the garden be mature when it opened in 1987. With funds in place, work on the garden began, with the primary goal being to harmonize the stylistically varied buildings in and around the Quadrangle (the three entrance pavilions to the underground museums, the Smithsonian Castle, Freer Gallery of Art, and the Arts and Industries Building). The design of the garden was a collaborative effort between principal architect Jean Paul Carlhian, the landscape architectural firm Sasaki Associates, Inc., landscape architect Lester Collins, and James R. Buckler, Director of the Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture. Together they designed the three gardens described below.
Enid A. Haupt (1906-2005) was a publishing heiress and philanthropist who especially supported American horticulture. In addition to this garden, Mrs. Haupt's horticultural philanthropy created and/or preserved several renowned garden spaces including The Enid A. Haupt Glass Garden at the Howard A. Rusk Institute, NYU Medical Center in New York City; the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory at the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx, New York; The Haupt Fountains on the Ellipse in Washington, D.C.; River Farm in Alexandria, Virginia; and The Cloisters in New York City. In 1994, the American Horticultural Society awarded her the Liberty Hyde Bailey award for her philanthropy.
The Parterre is the Victorian-style centerpiece of the Haupt Garden. It is a carefully manicured garden with a changing palette of colors and textures, laid out in symmetrical patterns that are redesigned every few seasons. Designs incorporate such motifs as diamonds, fleurs-de-lis, and scallops. While parterre is a French term meaning "on the ground," parterres as an ornamental garden style originated in 16th century Renaissance Italy.
The Moongate Garden is next to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, and was inspired by the Temple of Heaven in Beijing, China. The Temple of Heaven was designed using a geometrical, axial layout, centered on the cardinal points of the compass. The Moongate Garden's dominant features are stone and water, which symbolize the body and spirit of the earth in Chinese culture. Two 9-foot-tall pink granite moon gates stand on the southwest and northeast corners of the garden; two more lie as benches in the opposite corners. A circular platform lies in the center of a granite-paved square pool, connected by bridges to each side of the square.
The Fountain Garden is next to the National Museum of African Art, and was modeled after the Court of the Lions at Alhambra, a 13th-century Moorish palace in Granada, Spain. As with most Islamic gardens, the Fountain Garden is symmetrical and includes a central fountain with four water channels. Respectively, these channels represent paradise itself, and the four rivers of paradise described in the Koran: water, milk, honey, and wine. At the garden's north end is a chadar - a patterned, sloping stone ramp that has water running down it.
The Renwick Gates are cast iron carriage gates at the garden's entrance on Independence Avenue. The gates were erected in 1979, based on an 1849 drawing by James Renwick, Jr., architect of the Castle. The design includes piers made of the same sandstone that went into the Castle's great reddish walls from a quarry in Seneca, Maryland.
A European linden tree once stood in the northeast corner of the South Yard. When construction on the Quadrangle began, Secretary Ripley directed that the tree remain unharmed. Construction personnel and arborists minded the tree, helping it live through the end of construction. However, it died of old age two years later, in 1989.
The Downing Urn was originally erected on the National Mall in 1856 in memory of landscape designer and horticulturist Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-1852). The urn was restored in 1972. In 1989, it was moved to where the linden tree had stood in the Haupt Garden.
Plantings include saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangeana), Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis), weeping Higan cherry (Prunus pendula 'Pendula Rosea'), golden shrimp plant (Pachystachys lutea), coneflower (Echinacea), dusty miller (Senecio cineraria), and pansy (Viola x wittrockiana).
Persons associated with the garden include: Enid A. Haupt (donor, 1987). Jean Paul Carlhian (principal architect, 1987). Lester Collins (landscape architect consultant, 1987). Constantine Seferlis (stonecarver, 1979). James Renwick Jr. (architect, 1849). James Goode (SI Castle keeper, design and construction supervisor, 1979-1987). S. Dillon Ripley (Smithsonian Secretary, 1964-1984). Michael Riordan (horticulturist, 1995- ).
Related Materials:
Enid A. Haupt Garden related holdings consist of 3,124 35mm slides (photographs), 979 photographic prints, 15 contact sheets, 12 transparencies, and digital images
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG001
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb60d9f707f-530a-4f59-a462-57374ec70dd7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref4

Balloon Poster Wall

Medium:
Posters, Advertising, Air Shows and Races (Mounted on Barn Wall)
Dimensions:
3-D: 193 × 90.2 × 2.5cm (6 ft. 4 in. × 2 ft. 11 1/2 in. × 1 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Lynch.
Inventory Number:
A19920012000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d997487f-648e-4014-a695-fa0a21cef7ea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19920012000

Le Comte d'artois Aerostat de Javel

Artist:
Jean-Baptiste Le Vachez  Search this
Medium:
Printing Plate, Engraving, Copper
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 9 in. x 6 1/4 in. (22.9 x 15.9cm)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Donor: Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A19820216000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9acda4308-dd2c-491d-94a5-ec178b38bc9a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19820216000
Online Media:

Montgolfière Lancée à Tivoli, 1800.

Medium:
Print, on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 1.3 × 30.5 × 24.1cm (1/2 in. × 1 ft. × 9 1/2 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Inventory Number:
A20080418000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv95bae662b-35d1-4f7c-a8b3-834069692f64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20080418000
Online Media:

Experience Aerostatique

Medium:
Print, Etching on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D) (Frame): 41.6 × 28.9 × 1.9cm (1 ft. 4 3/8 in. × 11 3/8 in. × 3/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Inventory Number:
A20080419000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv92eefc0cc-0894-4cc5-9fec-142b3dd87c82
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20080419000
Online Media:

The Montgolfier

Medium:
Print, Etching on Paper
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W) (Overall): 35.2 × 25.2cm (1 ft. 1 7/8 in. × 9 15/16 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Credit Line:
Donor: Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises
Inventory Number:
A19820068000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv97f566d03-c307-42e1-929b-6966f023e902
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19820068000
Online Media:

En Ballon Captif

Publisher:
Destouches  Search this
Artist:
Honoré Daumier  Search this
Medium:
Print, Lithograph on Paper
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W) (Print): 28.9 × 28.9cm (11 3/8 × 11 3/8 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W) (Mat Board Frame): 38.1 × 33cm (1 ft. 3 in. × 1 ft. 1 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Gift of Harry F. Guggenheim
Inventory Number:
A19680074000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv991142147-1cdd-4db1-b42a-fa868d51b009
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680074000
Online Media:

The Table of Events: The French Revolution

Artist:
G. Jacowick  Search this
Medium:
Print, Engraving on Paper
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 43.2 x 56.5cm (17 in. x 22 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Donor: Unknown
Inventory Number:
A19780302000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9ae856a14-58e8-460f-beeb-2afd4069362b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19780302000
Online Media:

Liste des Ballons Sortis de Paris Pendantle Siege 1870-1871

Medium:
Print, Lithograph on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 78.1 x 92.7cm (30 3/4 x 36 1/2 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 45.1 x 64.1cm (17 3/4 x 25 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Donor: Unknown
Inventory Number:
A19780307000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9977db904-109f-4ba4-a5a8-e260af205d60
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19780307000
Online Media:

Expedition Polaire Andree, 1897

Artist:
Enbrun  Search this
Medium:
Print, Lithograph on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 62.9 x 62.9cm (24 3/4 x 24 3/4 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 31.8 x 40.6cm (12 1/2 in. x 16 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Donor: Unknown
Inventory Number:
A19780308000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9ef81e6ca-1639-4a22-a555-9ea40d5d4183
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19780308000
Online Media:

Vase

Medium:
Vase, Glass, Decorative
Dimensions:
3-D: 22.9 x 12.7cm (9 x 5 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Gift of Bella C. Landauer
Inventory Number:
A19760854000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b0907ce8-68ab-4b5e-bb5e-e468341c5c74
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760854000
Online Media:

Balloon Plaque

Medium:
Painting, Oil on Canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 14 x 14 x 1.3cm (5 1/2 x 5 1/2 x 1/2 in.)
Other (Painting): 5.5cm (2 3/16 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
18th Century
Credit Line:
Donated by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Inventory Number:
A19760863000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b684eaea-060a-4398-8846-e1792a495406
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760863000
Online Media:

Balloon Plaque

Medium:
Painting, Oil on Canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 14 x 14cm (5 1/2 x 5 1/2 in.)
Other (Painting): 1.8cm (11/16 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
18th Century
Credit Line:
Donated by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Inventory Number:
A19760864000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv907098d67-3e2b-4897-b472-b5773c9cb451
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760864000
Online Media:

Balloon Plaque

Medium:
Painting, Oil on Canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 14 x 14 x 1.3cm (5 1/2 x 5 1/2 x 1/2 in.)
Other (Painting): 7.6cm (3 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
18th Century
Credit Line:
Gift of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Inventory Number:
A19760865000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv989bc9c2c-ff22-4033-992b-0c141af26803
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760865000
Online Media:

Balloon Plaque

Medium:
Painting, Oil on Canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 14 x 14 x 1.3cm (5 1/2 x 5 1/2 x 1/2 in.)
Other (Painting): 7.6cm (3 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
18th Century
Credit Line:
Donated by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Inventory Number:
A19760866000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv931e69d4a-415b-4377-8500-fa111ac365ea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760866000
Online Media:

Balloon Plaque

Medium:
Painting, Oil on Canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 14 x 14 x 1.3cm (5 1/2 x 5 1/2 x 1/2 in.)
Other (Painting): 7.6cm (3 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
18th Century
Credit Line:
Donated by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Inventory Number:
A19760867000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv946478fb6-33a3-4bc1-98a1-a31b0291329e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760867000
Online Media:

Texile, Fabric, Toile de Jouy, Balloon Print

Medium:
Texile, Fabric, Toile de Jouy, Balloon Print
Dimensions:
Overall: 2 ft. 5 in. × 3 3/8 in. (73.7 × 8.6cm)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 81.3 × 94cm (2 ft. 8 in. × 3 ft. 1 in.)
Type:
ART-Fabric/Textile
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises
Inventory Number:
A20020156000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9eb1ab528-889c-4c6d-a285-85c175e70bd7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020156000
Online Media:

Textile, Fabric, Balloon Print

Medium:
Textile, Fabric, Balloon Print
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 94 × 83.8cm (3 ft. 1 in. × 2 ft. 9 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 101.6 × 84.5cm (3 ft. 4 in. × 2 ft. 9 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Fabric/Textile
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises
Inventory Number:
A20020167000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9ffeca6eb-17c5-4bf9-8baf-5dc2535002f9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020167000
Online Media:

Magic Lantern Slide

Medium:
Slide, Magic Lantern
Dimensions:
3-D: 17.8 x 1.3 x 9.5cm (7 x 1/2 x 3 3/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Purchased from: Clifford Krainik
Inventory Number:
A19890203000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv955fdc5ce-915a-46be-aecb-83d1a5c23a4c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19890203000

Henson-Stringfellow Aerial Steam

Medium:
Textile, Fabric, Printed
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 45.7 × 60cm (1 ft. 6 in. × 1 ft. 11 5/8 in.)
Type:
ART-Fabric/Textile
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Credit Line:
Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises
Inventory Number:
A20020146000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9ecc27307-1dfa-4754-82e3-1b0ae0db2579
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020146000
Online Media:

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