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William Page and Page Family papers

Creator:
Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887  Search this
Beecher, Thomas Kinnicut, 1824-1900  Search this
Briggs, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1804-1877  Search this
Curtis, George William, 1824-1892  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876  Search this
Fenton, Rueben  Search this
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Olmstead, Bertha  Search this
Olmstead, Mary  Search this
Page, Sophia Stevens, 1827-1892  Search this
Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood), 1831-1915  Search this
Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884  Search this
Scranton, William Walker  Search this
Shaw, Francis George, 1809-1882  Search this
Stark, William, 1825-1873  Search this
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874  Search this
Tilton, Theodore, 1835-1907  Search this
Wilmarth, Lemuel Everett, 1835-1918  Search this
Extent:
11.06 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Poems
Drawings
Diaries
Date:
1815-1947
bulk 1843-1892
Summary:
The papers of the portraitist and art theorist William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, bulk 1843-1892. In addition to the papers of William Page, the papers include documents related to Page's wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the painter William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, with the bulk of papers dating from 1843 to 1892. Papers contain records related to the life and career of William Page, president of the National Academy of Design from 1871 to 1873 and prominent portraitist and art theorist of his day. Also found are records related to his wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.

Correspondence includes the personal and professional correspondence of William and Sophia Page, and their parents, siblings, and children. Significant correspondents include Thomas Hicks, Enoch Wood Perry, William Stark, Theodore Tilton, Lemuel Wilmarth, Wendell Phillips, William Walker Scranton, Francis G. Shaw; James Russell Lowell, Charles Frederick Briggs, George W. Curtis, Charlotte Cushman, Thomas K. Beecher, Mary Olmsted, and Bertha Olmsted.

Writings include the essays and lectures of William Page, as written by him and revised by Sophia Page in the late 1870s, as well as Sophia's writings as a columnist in Europe in the 1850s. Notes, notebooks, diaries, and poems are also found. Personal Business Records include business records related to the sale and exhibition of artwork as well as financial and legal documents. A small number of memoranda and documents related to Page's work at the National Academy of Design are also found. Printed Materials include exhibition catalogs, published works by William and Sophia Page, and clippings and articles about Page.

Photographs consist mainly of portraits, most of them mounted cabinet photographs or cartes-des-visites, some of which appear to have been used as studies for Page's painted portraits. Among those pictured are William Page, James Russell Lowell, Henry Ward Beecher, Reuben Fenton, Wendell Phillips, Charles Sumner, William R. O'Donovan, and William Lloyd Garrison. Many of the photographic portraits are unidentified. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, prints, and a small number of notes made by Page in the course of painting portraits.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Materials and Artifacts, 1847-1917 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1815-1942 (Boxes 1-4, 9-10; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1839-1888, 1949 (Boxes 4-5, OV 10; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1848-1932 (Boxes 5 and 9; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1845-1938 (Boxes 5-7, 9, OV 11; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1845-1947 (Boxes 7-9, OV 12, MGP 5-6; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1856-1874 (Box 8, OV 13-16, rolled documents 17-19; 0.6 linear feet and 3 rolled documents)
Biographical Note:
The painter William Page was born in 1811 in Albany, NY. He attended public schools in New York City, and after working briefly in the law firm of Frederick de Peyster, was placed in the studio of the painter/engraver James Herring in 1825, where he received his first formal art training. He took classes at the National Academy of Design the year it was formed, in 1826, under Samuel F.B. Morse, and in 1827 he was awarded one of the National Academy's first annual student prizes.

Page joined the Presbyterian church and attended Phillips Academy and Amherst with the intention of becoming a minister, but his artistic ability won out, and by 1830 he was painting commissioned portraits in Albany, Rochester, and New York. He married Lavinia Twibill in 1833, and they had three daughters between 1834 and 1839. He joined the American Academy and served on its board of directors in 1835. He exhibited at the American Academy, the National Academy of Design, the Boston Athenaeum, and other venues throughout the 1830s. Favorable reviews brought steady portrait commissions, including John Quincy Adams and the New York governor William L. Marcy. He was made a full member of the National Academy in 1837.

In the 1840s, Page's reputation and maturity as a painter grew. His first wife left him around 1840, and in 1843 he married Sarah Dougherty. The couple moved to Albany, Boston, and back to New York seeking portrait commissions and patronage. He became friends with the poet James Russell Lowell and the writer and publisher Charles Frederick Briggs, two writers and editors who helped to promote his artwork in Boston and New York and published his theoretical writings. In 1844, Lowell dedicated his first published book of poetry to Page, and the following year, Briggs published a series of articles by Page in the Broadway Journal, entitled "The Art of the Use of Color in Imitation in Painting." The series described Page's arduous experiments with color and glazes, and his ideas about correspondences between spirituality and the natural world as expressed in art.

In 1850, Page traveled to Florence, Italy, where he painted several copies of the works of Titian in the galleries of the Uffizi and Pitti palaces, studying his use of color and further developing his own experimental techniques. He became friends with the sculptor Hiram Powers, who introduced him to the writings of Emmanuel Swedenborg, a Christian metaphysician whose ideas fueled Page's interest in the spiritual aspects of art. In 1852, Page moved to Rome, a city with an international artists' community and a strong market for art. Page found a loyal following in Rome's large circle of American ex-patriates, including the sculptors Thomas Crawford and Harriet Hosmer, the actress Charlotte Cushman, and the poets Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, all of whom sat for portraits by Page.

In 1854, Page's second wife left him amidst public scandal, and he sank deep in debt to his bankers at Packenham and Hooker, an English firm that by 1856 had a lien on all the paintings in his studio. That same year Page met Sophia Stevens Hitchcock, an American widow traveling in Rome with Bertha Olmsted, Frederick Law Olmsted's sister. Hitchcock was from Barnet, Vermont and came to Europe after her first husband died in 1852 after only a year of marriage. She traveled to England and Paris, where she wrote regular columns on local customs and events for the New York Tribune that were published under the by-line "An American Woman in Paris." She and Page met in Rome in 1856, and in October 1857, after Page traveled back the United States to obtain a divorce from Sarah Dougherty, he and Sophia married.

The couple stayed in Rome until 1860. His wife's three brothers, all businessmen, helped to promote his artwork in Europe and America. Page's paintings of this period include several Venus subjects, one of which was championed by his most loyal patrons, who raised $3000 by subscription to buy the painting for the Boston Athenaeum. A later Venus painting was rejected from the Paris salon for indecency, a controversy that was later leveraged for publicity in a touring exhibition in the United States.

The Pages returned to the United States in 1860 and settled in Tottenville, New York. They had six children between 1858 and 1870. Page had a studio at Eagleswood, NJ, and later in the Studio Building on 10th Street in Manhattan, where he held a large exhibition in 1867. In the 1860s, he painted a self-portrait and a companion portrait of Sophia set in Rome, as well as a series of civil war heroes including Robert Gould Shaw, Winfield Scott, and David Farragut. Photographs played a consistent part in Page's technique of portraiture, and he is known to have worked with the photographer Matthew Brady, who attended art classes early on with Page, as well as the photographers Sarony and Charles Williamson, who taught classes on drawing from enlarged photo-transparencies. Brady photographs taken for Page include David Farragut and Reuben Fenton.

Page lectured frequently on Titian and Venetian art, a subject in which he was considered an expert, and on painting technique and his philosophical ideas about nature, art, and spirituality. In 1871, Page was elected the president of the National Academy of Design, a post he held until 1873, but his poor health following a collapse in 1872 limited his accomplishments in office. Despite these limitations, he continued to paint, including portraits of General Grant, an idealized portrait of the president based on early photographs and Charles Sumner. He also became interested in portraiture of William Shakespeare around this time, and his studies resulted in a book, Shakespeare's Portraits, a bust based on existing portraiture, and a full-length portrait entitled "Shakespeare Reading," based on Page's measurements of a supposed death mask in Darmstadt, Germany, which he went to inspect against the advice of his doctor in 1874.

In 1877, another collapse left Page incapacitated for the remainder of his life. Sophia Page tried editing and publishing his writings and lectures, but with little success. Page died in 1885. A life marked by personal scandal ended the same, when two of his daughters from his first marriage contested his will, tying up his estate in a lengthy and public probate trial. Their suit was dismissed in 1889, and Sophia Page died in 1892.

This biography relies heavily on Joshua Taylor's William Page: The American Titian (1957).
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming (reel 1091) including letters from Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Lydia Maria Child, Charlotte Cushman, James Russell Lowell, Charles A. Dana, and others. Lent material was returned to the donor and is This material is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
A portion of the collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Mrs. Lesslie S. (Pauline Page) Howell, William Page's grandaughter, in 1963. William S. Page, Pauline Page Howell's nephew, donated additional papers in 1964 and 1973. Pauline Page Howell and William S. Page also loaned a group of letters to the Archives in 1964 which were microfilmed on reel 1091 and then returned to the donors. Mrs. Howell's son, William Page Howell, donated material in 1980.

Letters of Charles F. Briggs to James Russell Lowell (Series 2.2) were a part of Pauline Page Howell's 1963 donation to the Archives of American Art. They had been given to Mrs. Howell by Charlotte Briggs, daughter of Charles F. Briggs, because of her father's lifelong friendship with William Page. Letters from Lowell to Briggs are in the James Russell Lowell papers in Houghton Library at Harvard University.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The William Page and Page Family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Poems
Drawings
Diaries
Citation:
William Page and Page Family papers, 1815-1947, bulk 1843-1892. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pagewill
See more items in:
William Page and Page Family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pagewill
Online Media:

Albert Duveen art reference files, [ca. 1831-1950]

Creator:
Duveen, Albert, 1892-1965  Search this
Subject:
Allston, Washington  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Henry, Edward Lamson  Search this
Strong, William J.  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Alexander, Francis  Search this
Birch, Thomas  Search this
Remington, Frederic  Search this
Prior, William Matthew  Search this
Cole, Thomas  Search this
Smibert, John  Search this
Hicks, Thomas  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Sharples, James  Search this
Robins, Louisa Winslow  Search this
Blauvelt, Charles F.  Search this
Despiau, Charles  Search this
Chabor, Moura  Search this
Maurer, Louis  Search this
Organ, Donald  Search this
Malbone, Edward Greene  Search this
Peale, James  Search this
Lefferts, M. F.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S.  Search this
Gillman, Paul  Search this
Sawitzky, William  Search this
Polk, Charles Peale  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert  Search this
Whitney, Anne  Search this
Shulman, Morris M.  Search this
Inness, George  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Lane, Fitz Hugh  Search this
Philippoteaux, Felix Emmanuel Henri  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Vanderlyn, Pieter  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood)  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Field, Robert  Search this
Homer, Winslow  Search this
Carter, Dennis Malone  Search this
Catlin, George  Search this
Harvey, George W.  Search this
Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de  Search this
Moeller, Louis  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Chambers, Thomas  Search this
Jarvis, John Wesley  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Spencer, Frederick R.  Search this
Browere, A. D. O. (Alburtis Dell Orient),  Search this
Branchard, Emile Pierre  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Johnston, Henrietta  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
West, Benjamin  Search this
Penn, William  Search this
Weinberg, Elbert  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Harding, Chester  Search this
Washington, George  Search this
Tirrell, G.  Search this
Porter, Rufus  Search this
Soutine, Chaim  Search this
Eichholtz, Jacob  Search this
Trumbull, John  Search this
Stewart, Albert T. (Albert Theodore)  Search this
Neagle, John  Search this
Serres, D.  Search this
Leigh, William Robinson  Search this
Durrie, George Henry  Search this
Gelb, Jan  Search this
Duveneck, Frank  Search this
Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander)  Search this
Bartlett, William Henry  Search this
Cope, George  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Otis, Bass  Search this
Sullivan, Charles  Search this
Schussele, Christian  Search this
Drew-Bear, Jessie  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Blakelock, Ralph Albert  Search this
Waldo, Samuel  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham  Search this
Blume, Peter  Search this
Welch, Thomas B.  Search this
Inman, Henry  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Dibble, Thomas R. (Thomas Reilly),  Search this
Ranney, William Tylee  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert  Search this
Miller, Alfred Jacob  Search this
Hudson, Samuel Adams  Search this
Gullager, Christian  Search this
Kayn, Hilde B.  Search this
Hesselius, John  Search this
Gargallo, Pablo  Search this
Wertmuller, Adolph Ulric  Search this
Ganso, Emil  Search this
Street, Robert  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Soudeikine, Serge  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Charlot, Jean  Search this
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Ben-Zion  Search this
Quirt, Walter  Search this
Von Schlegell, Gustav William  Search this
Savage, Edward  Search this
Buddington, Jonathan  Search this
Donati, Enrico  Search this
Doughty, Thomas  Search this
Lawson, Ernest  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard  Search this
Johnston, John Bernard  Search this
Detre, Roland  Search this
Wiltz, Arnold  Search this
Hicks, Edward  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion)  Search this
Schattenstein, Nikol  Search this
Winner, William E.  Search this
Buttersworth, James Edward  Search this
Pope, T. B. (Thomas Benjamin)  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Harnett, William Michael  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Hays, William Jacob  Search this
Wood, S.  Search this
Tait, Arthur Fitzwilliam  Search this
Constable, John  Search this
Duyckinck, Evert A. (Evert Augustus)  Search this
Kelekian, Dikran  Search this
Vanderlyn, John  Search this
Blackburn, Joseph  Search this
Roesen, Severin  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
Doriani, William  Search this
Centurion (Firm)  Search this
Holland House Corporation of the Netherlands  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7076
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209209
AAA_collcode_duvealbe2
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209209

Thomas Seir Cummings correspondence and printed material [microfilm], 1826-1893

Creator:
Cummings, Thomas Seir, 1804-1894  Search this
Subject:
Edmonds, Francis William  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Inman, Jane  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Durand, John  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood)  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby)  Search this
Inman, Henry  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Lang, Louis  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7565
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209725
AAA_collcode_cummthom
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209725

Diary, Vol. III

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Subject:
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Blum, Robert Frederick  Search this
Booth, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Cooper, Peter  Search this
Dielman, Frederick  Search this
Gifford, James C.  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander)  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Norton, Charles Eliot  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood)  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott Jr.  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper  Search this
Vanderlyn, John  Search this
Vaux, Calvert  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Writings
Place:
Bismarck, N.D.
Chicago, Ill.
Fargo, N.D.
Greece
Me.
New Haven, Conn.
New Orleans, La.
Quebec, Canada
St. Paul, Minn.
Date:
1878 Dec. 15-1883 June 15
Topic:
Finances, Personal  Search this
Sketching  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5250
See more items in:
Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5250