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Edward H. Dwight Papers

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca), 1843-1925  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H., 1889-  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Held, John, 1947-  Search this
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Extent:
18.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Date:
1821-2001
bulk 1950-1979
Summary:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still-life painting.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still life painting.

Dwight's biographical material includes two address books, a calendar, a small amount of personal correspondence including letters and postcards from Schomer and Ruth Lichtner, and printed material documenting his work as a museum curator and director.

Writings and notes include correspondence about Dwight's writings, drafts and typescripts of articles on Audubon and other artists, and lecture notes.

The bulk of the collection comprises Dwight's research material on Audubon and includes correspondence related to his research with scholars, collectors, publications, museums, and libraries, including: the American Museum of Natural History, the Audubon Society, the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Louisiana State Museum, Annie R. coffin, Waldemar H. Fries, John Francis McDermott, and the collections of G. Edmund Gifford, Jr., Paul F. Laning, and Morris Tyler.

Copies of Audubon's correspondence, including letters from Audubon's father-in-law, Benjamin Bakewell, son Victor G. Audubon, and grandchildren, form a substantial portion of Dwight's research files. Notes and card files reflecting Dwight's research by categories such as life event, activity, geographical area, and subject of study, further illuminate his research and provide cross references to the Audubon letters and other material.

Data compiled and supplemented with reproductions of Audubon's artwork forms another substantial portion of Dwight's research, and provides detailed information about individual Audubon works and works attributed to him.

Dwight's subject files on Audubon house collated research on individuals, subjects, and events that intersected with Audubon's life and work, as well as Audubon research from other sources and scholars. They include copies of documents, such as the journal of Audubon collaborator John G Bell, and a scrapbook of granddaughter, Maria Audubon; documents relating to Audubon collaborators such as John Bachman and Maria Martin; material related to collections of Audubon's work; and information concerning editions of his prints, such as the Havell Edition, engraved and hand-colored by the firm of Robert Havell Sr. and Jr. in the 1830s.

Printed material used by Dwight in his research includes original American newspapers, from states including New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, dating from 1821 to the 1870s, which include articles on Audubon, as well as later magazines, journals, catalogs, and news clippings on Audubon. A small number of photographs, slide transparencies, and negatives of Audubon's artwork can be found at the end of the series.

Dwight's research material on Raphaelle Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, James Peale, and other Peale family members, includes correspondence requesting and responding to requests for information; material collated by subject on Peale collectors, family history, miniatures, portraits, silhouettes, still lifes, and other subjects; and photographs of artwork.

Other research files document Dwight's interest in other artists such as Aaron H. Corwine, Robert S. Duncanson, and artists from the Cincinnati area in general. They include catalogs of data compiled on individual works of art, subject files, notes and index card files, printed material, and photographs of artwork. Of special note are eleven issues of John Held, Jr.'s, mail art correspondence sent to Dwight by the Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1944-1980 (8 folders; Box 1, OV 20)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1954-circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Audubon Research Material, 1821-circa 1979 (13 linear feet; Boxes 1-14, OVs 20-23)

Series 4: Peale Research Material, circa 1930-2001 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 14-16)

Series 5: Other Research, 1881-1980 (2.7 linear feet; Boxes 16-19)
Biographical / Historical:
Cincinnati art historian and museum director, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), conducted extensive research on American painting, in particular the works of John James Audubon, Charles Willson Peale, and Raphaelle Peale. He was also credited with rediscovering the Cincinnati artist, Aaron H. Corwine.

Dwight attended Yale and Cornell Universities, and studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy and the School of Fine Arts of Washington University, St. Louis. From 1946 he held posts, including curator of American Art, at the Cincinnati Art Museum, until becoming director of the Milwaukee Art Center in 1955. In 1962 he left Milwaukee to direct the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute Museum of Art, where he remained until the end of his career. He was the author of numerous articles for publications including Antiques, Audubon, Art in America, The Art Gallery, The Art Quarterly, and Canadian Art, and lectured widely on contemporary art, Spanish painting, and American painting.

In 1955 Dwight published the article "Aaron Houghton Corwine: Cincinnati Artist" in Antiques magazine. With this, and the exhibition, Rediscoveries in American Painting (1955), which he launched at the Cincinnati Art Museum, Dwight revived interest in this all but forgotten painter.

Dwight wrote many scholarly articles on Audubon's life and work throughout his career, in addition to writing catalogs for, and curating, exhibitions of Audubon's work. In 1960 he was awarded a $7,500 fellowship from the Ford foundation to pursue a reevaluation of Audubon, and to reexamine some long-held assumptions and exagerrations about Audubon's life and personality. He focused primarily on the artist-naturalist's original drawings and paintings, especially portraits and pictures of birds, animal life, and insects. Dwight was awarded an additional fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, to continue his research on Audubon.

Dwight's scholarly interest also extended to Raphaelle Peale and the Peale family of artists. In the 1960s and 1970s he wrote and published several articles about Raphaelle Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and his brothers, Rembrandt and James. Dwight was working on a book about the family, and a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale, when he died.

Dwight was an accomplished photographer and his work was included in at least eight exhibitions from 1951 to 1972, including two one-man exhibitions at Louisiana State University (1952), and Weyhe Gallery (1972).
Provenance:
The Audubon materials were donated to the Archives of American Art by Dwight's widow, Ruth R. White, in 1982-1983. The Peale material was donated in 2002 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., which had received them from Ruth R. Dwight as they relate to the Foundation's mission to support scholarship in cultural history in the Philadelphia area. In 1983, the Barra Foundation loaned the documents to Dr. William H. Gerdts, an art historian, who was to continue Dwight's work on a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale. Dr. Gerdts made limited use of the materials and the Barra Foundation then transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
Rights:
The Edward H. Dwight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Artists -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Painters  Search this
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Topic:
Still-life painting  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwigedwa
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwigedwa
Online Media:

Charles Henry Hart autograph collection

Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Names:
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1846-1916  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
James McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Rubens, 1784-1865  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Vanderlyn, John, 1775-1852  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1731-1918
Summary:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.
Scope and Contents:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.

Originally titled by Hart as "The History of Art in America as Told in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century," the collection includes letters and other items signed by Thomas Anshutz, John J. Audubon, William Merritt Chase, Frederic Edwin Church, John Singleton Copley, Kenyon Cox, Thomas Eakins, Jervis McEntee, Samuel F.B. Morse, Charles Willson Peale, Raphaelle Peale, Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale, Titian Peale, James Daivd Smillie, Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Sully, Abbott Handerson Thayer, John Vanderlyn, Elihu Vedder, John Quincy Adams Ward, Benjamin West, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and many others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1917 (226 items; Box 1-5)
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Henry Hart (1847-1918) was a historian, lawyer, writer, and director, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1882-1904. Widely, he published on the subject of 18th and 19th century portraiture in the United States.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the personal papers of Charles Henry Hart, dating from 1774-1930, bulk 1888-1918.
Provenance:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1954 as an anonymous gift. It is assumed that Hart assembled the letters. Original collation was two letterbooks entitled "The History of Art in America as Tolk in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Autographs -- Collections  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Autographs -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Autographs  Search this
Citation:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hartchar
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hartchar

Raphaelle Peale letter, 1816 Sept. 6

Creator:
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10323
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213525
AAA_collcode_pealraph
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213525

Research Files, 1735-1885

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Charles Willson Peale Papers  Search this
Subject:
Miller, Lillian B  Search this
Schaffer, Michael D  Search this
Hart, Sidney  Search this
Peale, Anna Claypoole 1791-1878  Search this
Ward, David C  Search this
Reinhardt, Leslie Kaye  Search this
Peale, Sarah Miriam 1800-1885  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay 1799-1885  Search this
Physical description:
44.1 linear meters
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1735
1735-1885
Local number:
SIA RU204001
Restrictions & Rights:
(1) Restricted; (2) the records are located at the Peale Family Papers, National Portrait Gallery
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217662

Still Life with Cake [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1818
Topic:
Still Life--Foodstuff  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0011875
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_11875

A Deception, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Still Life--Trompe L'Oeil  Search this
Object--Written Matter  Search this
Control number:
IAP 70080391
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_127504

Still Life (Melon), (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1821
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit--Melon  Search this
Control number:
IAP 70080859
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_127736

Yellow and Red Apples, Raisins and Porcelain Plate, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit--Apple  Search this
Control number:
IAP 70510546
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_129078

Still Life, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1820
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit  Search this
Control number:
IAP 73260789
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_167052

Kenneth Jewell, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Subject:
Jewell, Kenneth  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Newman Galleries 1625 Walnut St Philadelphia Pennsylvania 19103
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 80040998
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_174587

Martha Jewell, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Subject:
Jewell, Martha  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Newman Galleries 1625 Walnut St Philadelphia Pennsylvania 19103
Topic:
Portrait female--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 80040999
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_174588

Mrs. Wade Mosby (Susannah Turehart), (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Subject:
Mosby, Wade, Mrs. (Susannah Turehart)  Search this
Type:
Paintings-Miniature
Paintings
Topic:
Portrait female--Head  Search this
Dress--Accessory--Hat  Search this
Control number:
IAP 80042621
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_176139

Blackberries, (painting)

Title:
Dish of Blackberries, (painting)
Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil on wood panel
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco M. H. de Young Memorial Museum Golden Gate Park San Francisco California 94118 Accession Number: 1993.35.23
Date:
Ca. 1813
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit--Blackberry  Search this
Still Life--Fruit--Raspberry  Search this
Control number:
IAP 83410026
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_205714

George Washington, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt 1778-1860  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1790
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Occupation--Political--President  Search this
Control number:
IAP 92670001
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_241229

Conrad Heller (1760-1836), (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825 (possibly by)  Search this
Subject:
Heller, Conrad  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1810
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 94240001
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_242131

Mrs. Conrad Heller (Catherine) (1765-1838), (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825 (possibly by)  Search this
Subject:
Heller, Conrad, Mrs. (Catherine)  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1810
Topic:
Portrait female--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 94240002
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_242132

Peaches and Grapes, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1822
Topic:
Still Life--Fruit--Peach  Search this
Still Life--Fruit--Grape  Search this
Control number:
IAP 95390001
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_242480

Still Life of Ruben Peale's Wedding Cake and Wine, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1813
Topic:
Still Life--Foodstuff--Wine  Search this
Still Life--Foodstuff--Cake  Search this
Control number:
IAP 97160022
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_243131

David Cox, (painting)

Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Subject:
Cox, David  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Indianapolis Museum of Art 1200 West 38th Street Indianapolis Indiana 46208-4196 Accession Number: 15.205
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 13730205
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_256352

Still Life with Wine Glass, (painting)

Title:
Still Life with Wineglass, Biscuit and Fruit, (painting)
Painter:
Peale, Raphaelle 1774-1825  Search this
Medium:
Oil on panel
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Detroit Institute of Arts 5200 Woodward Avenue Detroit Michigan 48202 Accession Number: 39.7
Date:
1818
Topic:
Still Life--Other--Dish  Search this
Still Life--Fruit  Search this
Still Life--Foodstuff--Cake  Search this
Still Life--Foodstuff--Bread  Search this
Still Life--Foodstuff--Wine  Search this
Control number:
IAP 24150002
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_272841

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