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Edward H. Dwight Papers

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca), 1843-1925  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H., 1889-  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Held, John, 1947-  Search this
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Extent:
18.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Date:
1821-2001
bulk 1950-1979
Summary:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still-life painting.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still life painting.

Dwight's biographical material includes two address books, a calendar, a small amount of personal correspondence including letters and postcards from Schomer and Ruth Lichtner, and printed material documenting his work as a museum curator and director.

Writings and notes include correspondence about Dwight's writings, drafts and typescripts of articles on Audubon and other artists, and lecture notes.

The bulk of the collection comprises Dwight's research material on Audubon and includes correspondence related to his research with scholars, collectors, publications, museums, and libraries, including: the American Museum of Natural History, the Audubon Society, the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Louisiana State Museum, Annie R. coffin, Waldemar H. Fries, John Francis McDermott, and the collections of G. Edmund Gifford, Jr., Paul F. Laning, and Morris Tyler.

Copies of Audubon's correspondence, including letters from Audubon's father-in-law, Benjamin Bakewell, son Victor G. Audubon, and grandchildren, form a substantial portion of Dwight's research files. Notes and card files reflecting Dwight's research by categories such as life event, activity, geographical area, and subject of study, further illuminate his research and provide cross references to the Audubon letters and other material.

Data compiled and supplemented with reproductions of Audubon's artwork forms another substantial portion of Dwight's research, and provides detailed information about individual Audubon works and works attributed to him.

Dwight's subject files on Audubon house collated research on individuals, subjects, and events that intersected with Audubon's life and work, as well as Audubon research from other sources and scholars. They include copies of documents, such as the journal of Audubon collaborator John G Bell, and a scrapbook of granddaughter, Maria Audubon; documents relating to Audubon collaborators such as John Bachman and Maria Martin; material related to collections of Audubon's work; and information concerning editions of his prints, such as the Havell Edition, engraved and hand-colored by the firm of Robert Havell Sr. and Jr. in the 1830s.

Printed material used by Dwight in his research includes original American newspapers, from states including New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, dating from 1821 to the 1870s, which include articles on Audubon, as well as later magazines, journals, catalogs, and news clippings on Audubon. A small number of photographs, slide transparencies, and negatives of Audubon's artwork can be found at the end of the series.

Dwight's research material on Raphaelle Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, James Peale, and other Peale family members, includes correspondence requesting and responding to requests for information; material collated by subject on Peale collectors, family history, miniatures, portraits, silhouettes, still lifes, and other subjects; and photographs of artwork.

Other research files document Dwight's interest in other artists such as Aaron H. Corwine, Robert S. Duncanson, and artists from the Cincinnati area in general. They include catalogs of data compiled on individual works of art, subject files, notes and index card files, printed material, and photographs of artwork. Of special note are eleven issues of John Held, Jr.'s, mail art correspondence sent to Dwight by the Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1944-1980 (8 folders; Box 1, OV 20)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1954-circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Audubon Research Material, 1821-circa 1979 (13 linear feet; Boxes 1-14, OVs 20-23)

Series 4: Peale Research Material, circa 1930-2001 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 14-16)

Series 5: Other Research, 1881-1980 (2.7 linear feet; Boxes 16-19)
Biographical / Historical:
Cincinnati art historian and museum director, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), conducted extensive research on American painting, in particular the works of John James Audubon, Charles Willson Peale, and Raphaelle Peale. He was also credited with rediscovering the Cincinnati artist, Aaron H. Corwine.

Dwight attended Yale and Cornell Universities, and studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy and the School of Fine Arts of Washington University, St. Louis. From 1946 he held posts, including curator of American Art, at the Cincinnati Art Museum, until becoming director of the Milwaukee Art Center in 1955. In 1962 he left Milwaukee to direct the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute Museum of Art, where he remained until the end of his career. He was the author of numerous articles for publications including Antiques, Audubon, Art in America, The Art Gallery, The Art Quarterly, and Canadian Art, and lectured widely on contemporary art, Spanish painting, and American painting.

In 1955 Dwight published the article "Aaron Houghton Corwine: Cincinnati Artist" in Antiques magazine. With this, and the exhibition, Rediscoveries in American Painting (1955), which he launched at the Cincinnati Art Museum, Dwight revived interest in this all but forgotten painter.

Dwight wrote many scholarly articles on Audubon's life and work throughout his career, in addition to writing catalogs for, and curating, exhibitions of Audubon's work. In 1960 he was awarded a $7,500 fellowship from the Ford foundation to pursue a reevaluation of Audubon, and to reexamine some long-held assumptions and exagerrations about Audubon's life and personality. He focused primarily on the artist-naturalist's original drawings and paintings, especially portraits and pictures of birds, animal life, and insects. Dwight was awarded an additional fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, to continue his research on Audubon.

Dwight's scholarly interest also extended to Raphaelle Peale and the Peale family of artists. In the 1960s and 1970s he wrote and published several articles about Raphaelle Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and his brothers, Rembrandt and James. Dwight was working on a book about the family, and a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale, when he died.

Dwight was an accomplished photographer and his work was included in at least eight exhibitions from 1951 to 1972, including two one-man exhibitions at Louisiana State University (1952), and Weyhe Gallery (1972).
Provenance:
The Audubon materials were donated to the Archives of American Art by Dwight's widow, Ruth R. White, in 1982-1983. The Peale material was donated in 2002 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., which had received them from Ruth R. Dwight as they relate to the Foundation's mission to support scholarship in cultural history in the Philadelphia area. In 1983, the Barra Foundation loaned the documents to Dr. William H. Gerdts, an art historian, who was to continue Dwight's work on a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale. Dr. Gerdts made limited use of the materials and the Barra Foundation then transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
Rights:
The Edward H. Dwight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Artists -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Painters  Search this
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Topic:
Still-life painting  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwigedwa
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwigedwa
Online Media:

Selected art related letters from Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Society Collection

Creator:
Historical Society of Pennsylvania  Search this
Names:
Carey & Hart  Search this
Peale's Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Abbey, Mary Gertrude, d. 1931  Search this
Alexander, Archibald, 1772-1851  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Bayley, Frank W.  Search this
Beale, Pennel  Search this
Belcher, Wm. (William)  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Brodhead, Col  Search this
Burrell, B.  Search this
Carey, Edward L., 1806-1845  Search this
Carey, Henry Charles, 1793-1879  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Ceracchi, Giuseppe, 1751-1801  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889  Search this
Cheney, John, 1801-1885  Search this
Clarke, Miss  Search this
Claypoole, James, Sr., 1720-1796  Search this
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 1772-1834  Search this
Cox, James, 1751-1834  Search this
Curren, Mr  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-1888  Search this
Delaplaine, Joseph, 1777-1824  Search this
Dickinson, John, 1732-1808  Search this
Dillwyn, William, 1743-1824  Search this
Donnehue, Humphrey  Search this
Du Simitière, Pierre Eugène, ca. 1736-1784  Search this
Duane, William J. (William John), 1780-1865  Search this
Dunlap, William, 1766-1839  Search this
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965  Search this
Elliott, James B.  Search this
Elwyn, Langdon, Mrs  Search this
Fielding, Mantle, 1865-1941  Search this
Francis, John W. (John Wakefield), 1789-1861  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944  Search this
Gillingham, Harrold E. (Harrold Edgar), 1864-1954  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Harding, George, 1882-1959  Search this
Hayes, Charles P.  Search this
Hollingsworth, Levi, 1739-1824  Search this
Hosack, David, 1769-1835  Search this
Hunt, William Morris, 1824-1879  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Jackson, William  Search this
Jones, Horatio Gates, 1822-1893  Search this
Jordan, John W. (John Woolf), 1840-1921  Search this
Kimball, Henry H. (Henry Hastings), b. 1835  Search this
Lambdin, James Reid, 1807-1889  Search this
Leidy, Joseph, 1823-1891  Search this
Leland, Charles Godfrey, 1824-1903  Search this
Lippincott, J. B. (Joshua Ballinger), 1813-1886  Search this
Livermore, George, 1809-1865  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
Madison, James, 1751-1836  Search this
Marchant, Edward Dalton, 1806-1887  Search this
Martin, John Hill, 1823-1906  Search this
McAllister, John A.  Search this
McMurtrie, James, fl. 1843-1864  Search this
Monaghan, James  Search this
Montgomery, John C., Mrs  Search this
Moody, William H. (William Henry), 1853-1917  Search this
Murray, J.  Search this
Myers, Albert Cook, 1874-1960  Search this
Nathans, Isabella  Search this
Nathans, Rebecca  Search this
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Newsam, Albert, 1809-1864  Search this
Ogden, C. S.  Search this
Otis, Bass, 1784-1861  Search this
Paca, John  Search this
Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Franklin, 1795-1870  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Mary Jane, 1827-1902  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Penrose, Clement B. (Clement Biddle), 1832-1911  Search this
Piggot, Robert, 1795-1887  Search this
Randolph, Benjamin, 1737 or 8-1791  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872  Search this
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick, 1812-1895  Search this
Rush, William, 1756-1833  Search this
Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de, 1770-1852  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Schoff, Stephen Alonzo, 1818-1904  Search this
Schreiner, Jacob  Search this
Shrigley, James, 1814-1891  Search this
Smith, Howell Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Smith, Russell, 1812-1896  Search this
Snowden, James Ross  Search this
Snyder, W. D.  Search this
Somerville, Dr.  Search this
Stanbridge, J. C.  Search this
Stephens, Charles H., 1855?-1931  Search this
Stone, Frederick D. (Frederick Dawson), 1841-1897  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Syng, Philip, 1703-1789  Search this
Taylor, Frank H. (Frank Hamilton), 1846-1927  Search this
Troth, Henry, 1794-1842  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Vanderlyn, John, 1775-1852  Search this
Vaux, Mr  Search this
Ward, Townsend, 1817?-1885  Search this
Wells, William Hill, 1769-1829  Search this
Wharton, Geo. M. (George Mifflin), 1808-1870  Search this
Wharton, Mr  Search this
Wharton, Thomas Kelah, 1814-1862  Search this
Williams, Henry, 1828-1893  Search this
Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867  Search this
Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813  Search this
Woodside, John Archibald, 1781-1852  Search this
Wright, Patience Lovell, 1725-1786  Search this
Wylie, Samuel B. (Samuel Brown), 1773-1852  Search this
Extent:
2 Reels (ca. 150 items (on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1760-1935
Scope and Contents:
Letters, mainly from artists, and documents selected from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's miscellaneous manuscript collection (Society Collection). Letters are to various people; 46 of them are to Townsend Ward and a few are to John A. McAllister, photographer. Many of the letters refer to paintings, portraits, commissions, and awards.
Writers of letters include: Edwin Austin Abbey, Mary Gertrude Abbey, F.W. Bayley, Albert Bierstadt, George Catlin, Joseph Ceracchi, John Gadsby Chapman, John Cheney, James Claypool, James Cox, F.O.C. Darley, Joseph Delaplaine, Humphrey Donnehue, William Dunlap, Pierre Eugene Du Simitiere, S. Eliot, Charles Fevret De Saint-Memin, Charles Dana Gibson, Harold Edgar Gillingham, Horatio Greenough, George Harding, Levi Hollingsworth, William Morris Hunt, Daniel Huntington, Henry Inman, Horatio Gates Jones, James Reid Lambdin, Will Hicok Low, Edward Dalton Marchant, William Henry Moody, John Neagle, Albert Newsam, Bass Otis, Thomas Paine, Charles Willson Peale, Franklin Peale, James Peale, Jr., Mary Jane Peale, Rembrandt Peale, Titian Ramsay Peale, Joseph Pennell, Clement Penrose, Robert Piggot, Thomas Buchanan Read, William Trost Richards, Thomas Prichard Rossiter, Peter Frederick Rothermel, William Rush, John Sartain, Stephen Alonzo Schooff (to Townsend Ward), Russell Smith, Charles H. Stephens, Thomas Sully, Philip Syng, John Vanderlyn, N.P. Willis, Alexander Wilson and Patience Wright.
Among the recipients of letters are Archibald Alexander, David S. Brown, William Belcher, Col. Brodhead, B. Burrell, Carey & Hart, Edward L. Carey, Henry C. Carey, Miss Clarke, Mr. Curren, Joseph Delaplaine, John Dickinson, Dr. Dickson, William Dillwyn, William Duane, James B. Elliott, Mrs. Langdon Elwyn, Mantle(?) Fielding, John W. Francis, Charles P. Hayes, David Hosack, Mr. Howell, Major William Jackson, Horatio Gates Jones, John W. Jordan, H.H. Kjmball, C.G. Leland, Joseph Leidy, J.B. Lippincott, George Livermore, James Madison, J. Hill Martin, John McAllister, James McMurtrie, James Monaghan, J. Murray, Albert Cook Myers, Rebecca and Isabella Nathans, John Neagle, C.S. Ogden, John Paca, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, David Rittenhouse, Albert Rosenthal, John Sartain, Jacob Schreiner, James Shrigley, James Ross Snowden, W.D. Snyder, Dr. Sommerville, J.C. Stanbridge, F.D. Stone, Henry Troth, Mr. Vaux, Townsend Ward, William Hill Wells, G.M. Wharton, Thomas Wharton, Henry J. Williams, and Samuel B. Wylie.
Other items include a sonnet of S.T. Coleridge by Washington Allston; business card of Pennel Beale; catalog of medals and coins of silver in the possession of Hon. John Smith compiled by Du Simitière, 1772; printed address by Mrs. John C. Montgomery soliciting donations for the repair of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, destroyed by fire, 1845; William Morris Hunt's admission ticket to Peale's Museum, 1836, stating his height and weight; description of objects on display at the Peale Museum, 1820; a photograph and business card of Benjamin Randolph; invitations and notes to Gilbert Stuart; typescript by Frank H. Taylor on lithography, 1923; subscription book for engravings of paintings by John Trumbull; and a page from John Archibald Woodside's daybook, 1802-1803.
Provenance:
Microfilmed by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for the Archives of American Art, 1955.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art, Modern -- 17th-18th centuries -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.histsopa
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-histsopa

American natural history Part 1.--Mastology By John D. Godman

Author:
Godman, John D (John Davidson) 1794-1830  Search this
Author:
Lesueur, Charles Alexandre 1778-1846  Search this
Neagle, In  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson 1741-1827  Search this
Rider  Search this
Ill:
Peale, James 1789-1876  Search this
Physical description:
3 volume plates 22 cm
Type:
Books
Etchings
Intaglio prints
Place:
North America
Date:
1826
1828
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .G65
QL715.G65
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_281835

American natural history. Part 1, Mastology / by John D. Godman

Title:
Mastology
Author:
Godman, John D (John Davidson) 1794-1830  Search this
Engraver:
Kearny, Francis 1785-1837  Search this
Ellis, George B.  Search this
Maverick, Peter 1780-1831  Search this
Bridport, Hugh 1794-ca. 1868  Search this
Illustrator:
Peale, James 1789-1876  Search this
Neagle, John 1796-1865  Search this
Rider, A.  Search this
Lesueur, Charles Alexandre 1778-1846  Search this
Wood, W. W. active 1825-1830  Search this
Former owner:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887 DSI  Search this
Baird, W. M. DSI  Search this
Manchester City Library (Manchester, N.H.) DSI  Search this
Donor:
Burndy Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 volumes, [49] leaves of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1831
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .G65 1831
QL715.G65 1831
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_326834

American natural history. Part 1.--Mastology. By John D. Godman

Author:
Godman, John D (John Davidson) 1794-1830  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson 1741-1827  Search this
Neagle, In  Search this
Lesueur, Charles Alexandre 1778-1846  Search this
Rider  Search this
Ill:
Peale, James 1789-1876  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. plates. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1826
1828
1826-28
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .G65
QL715.G65
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_202019

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