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Oral history interview with Chuzo Tamotzu

Interviewee:
Tamotsu, Chūzō, 1888-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
An American Group (Organization)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Eddy, Stuart  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Knight, Frederic C., 1898-1979  Search this
Mandelman, Beatrice  Search this
Philipp, Robert, 1895-1981  Search this
Ribak, Louis, 1902-1979  Search this
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Extent:
11 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 September 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Chuzo Tamotzu (Tamotsu) conducted 1964 September 3 by Sylvia Loomis for the Archives of American Art.
Tamotzu discusses studying Occidental, Oriental art in Japan; traveling to Korea, Manchuria and China, South Sea Islands, Singapore, then Europe for a year; coming to New York in 1920; his involvement with An American Group; Juliana Force recruiting him for the Federal Art Project; being on the Easel Project and also on the Graphic Art Project; the Works Projects Administration; given "pink-slip" on the Project since he was not a U.S. citizen; stint in the U.S. Army, Office of Strategic Service doing propaganda paintings for psychological war material for the Japanese Army and soldiers; settling in Santa Fe, N.M.; Oriental painting; and Artist Equity Association. Tamotzu mentions Beatrice Mandelman, Louis Ribak, Robert Philip, Stuart Eddy, Frederick Knight, and Olive Rush.
Biographical / Historical:
Chuzo Tamotzu (1888-1975) was a Japanese American painter based in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Tamotzu was born in Japan and came to the United States in 1920. He moved to Santa Fe in 1948.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 40 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Occupation:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painting, Japanese  Search this
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Arts, Japanese -- Western influences  Search this
Painting, Asian  Search this
Japanese American art  Search this
Japanese American artists  Search this
Asian American painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.tamots64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9606ba830-2b86-4e11-b2ed-09c487270421
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tamots64
Online Media:

Cady Wells papers, 1913-1968

Creator:
Wells, Cady, 1904-1954  Search this
Subject:
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Cady Wells papers, 1913-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8608
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210788
AAA_collcode_wellcady
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210788
Online Media:

Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967

Creator:
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Subject:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Diaries
Photographs
Citation:
Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
American Indians in art  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Muralists -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Illustrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9223
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211418
AAA_collcode_rusholiv
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211418
Online Media:

William Penhallow Henderson papers, 1876-1987, bulk 1876-1943

Creator:
Henderson, William Penhallow, 1877-1943  Search this
Subject:
Henderson, William Oliver  Search this
Henderson, Alice Corbin  Search this
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Santa Fe Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
William Penhallow Henderson papers, 1876-1987, bulk 1876-1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Architects -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Furniture designers -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Craft  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9853
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212351
AAA_collcode_hendwill
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Craft
Architecture & Design
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212351
Online Media:

Bill Barrett papers, 1930-2013, bulk 1950-2013

Creator:
Barrett, Bill, 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Audubon Artists (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Hakone Bijutsukan  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Sketches
Photographs
Citation:
Bill Barrett papers, 1930-2013, bulk 1950-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16141
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)363872
AAA_collcode_barrbill
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_363872
Online Media:

Oral history interview with E. Boyd

Interviewee:
Boyd, E., 1903-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project (N.M.)  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 October 8
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Dr. E. Boyd conducted 1964 October 8, by Sylvia Loomis, for the Archives of American Art.
Boyd discusses her early art training in Philadelphia and Paris; involvement with the Index of American Design; work on the Federal Art Project; New Mexico folk artists; folk art exhibitions in Philadelphia; and the inception of Spanish Colonial department of New Mexico State Museum.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. E. Boyd (1903-1974) was an art administrator, painter, and writer from Santa Fe, New Mexico.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 55 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Authors -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women arts administrators  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.boyd64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b8c59f6d-dddd-4f29-b00a-9e0054ec00a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-boyd64
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jozef and Teresa Bakos, 1965 April 15

Interviewee:
Bakós, Józef, 1891-1977  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Subject:
Bakos, Teresa, 1884-1974  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.M.)  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Jozef and Teresa Bakos, 1965 April 15. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12456
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213256
AAA_collcode_bakos65
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213256
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jozef and Teresa Bakos

Creator:
Bakós, Józef, 1891-1977  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Interviewee:
Bakos, Teresa, 1884-1974  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project (N.M.)  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
19 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 April 15
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jozef G. and Teresa Bakos conducted by Sylvia Loomis on 1965 April 15 for the Archives of American Art.
Bakos speaks of his background and education; moving to Santa Fe in 1920; founding the group Los Cinco Pintores; the art community in Santa Fe in the 1920s; going to work on the easel painting project of the Federal Art Project; his feelings about the FAP; his opinions of modern art; his post-FAP career; and commissions he received. Jozef Bakos' wife, Teresa, is also present.
Biographical / Historical:
Jozef Bakos (1891-1977) was a painter in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 1 hr., 1 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bakos65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw920df3568-8c9d-4b3d-950f-02928cc4173e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bakos65
Online Media:

Oral history interview with James Stovall Morris, 1964 May 14

Interviewee:
Morris, James Stovall, 1898-1973  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Subject:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with James Stovall Morris, 1964 May 14. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13292
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213671
AAA_collcode_morrisj64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213671
Online Media:

Oral history interview with James Stovall Morris

Creator:
Morris, James Stovall, 1898-1973  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
12 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 May 14
Scope and Contents:
An interview of James Stovall Morris conducted on 1964 May 14, by Sylvia Loomis for the Archives of American Art
Biographical / Historical:
James Stovall Morris (1898-1973) was a painter in Santa Fe, N.M.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav files. Duration is 21 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.morrisj64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99814b0ea-c094-4988-ad95-5181bc484526
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-morrisj64
Online Media:

Olive Rush papers

Creator:
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Names:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Extent:
6.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Diaries
Photographs
Date:
1879-1967
Summary:
The papers of Olive Rush measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1967. They contain correspondence, artwork, photographs, writings, and other personal papers documenting Rush's education and career as an illustrator, portraitist, muralist, painter, teacher, and promoter of Native American art.
Scope and Contents note:
The records of Olive Rush measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1967. They contain correspondence, artwork, photographs, writings, and other records that document her education and career as an illustrator, portraitist, muralist, painter, and promoter of Native American art.

Biographical materials include several narratives written by Rush and others, as well as a few items related to Delaware artist Ethel Pennewill Brown Leach, Rush's close friend and colleague. Correspondence spans Rush's education and career, and documents her early career in illustration, purchases and exhibitions of her work, her efforts to secure exhibitions for Native American artists, and her dealings with administrators of Federal Art Projects of the 1930s.

Writings include diaries from Rush's early years, including an especially detailed diary from her Santa Fe Indian School mural project in 1932. Also found are lectures, talks, essays, notebooks with technical experiments and aesthetic ideas, and loose notes for her FAP project at the New Mexico College of Agricultural and Mechanical Arts.

Records of Rush's artwork include two record books, receipts for supplies and shipments, price lists, inventories, records of submissions, and a small number of similar records of artwork by Native American artists. Sketchbooks, loose sketches, and drawings by Rush span her entire career and include many studies and proposed designs for murals and frescoes.

Printed Materials consist of exhibition catalogs, clippings, and reproductions of artwork, especially illustration work from Rush's early career. Photographs include a class photograph from the Corcoran School of Art circa 1890 and many of Rush and her fellow artists in Wilmington, Delaware from around 1904 to 1910. Photographs of works of art document Rush's murals and frescoes in private homes, businesses, and public buildings.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into seven series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1886-1966 (Box 1; 7 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1889-1964 (Boxes 1-2, 8; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1886-1962 (Box 2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Records of Artwork, 1904-1956 (Box 3; 8 folders)

Series 5: Artwork, 1896-1957 (Boxes 3-4, 7, OV 8-12; 1 linear foot)

Series 6: Printed Materials, 1879-1967 (Boxes 4-5, 7, OV 13; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1890-1966 (Box 6; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Olive Rush was born in Fairmount, Indiana in 1875 to a Quaker farm family of six children, and attended nearby Earlham College, a Quaker school with a studio art program. Encouraged by her teacher, Rush enrolled in the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. in 1890, where she stayed for two years and achieved early recognition for her work. In 1893, Rush joined the Indiana delegation of artists to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

In 1894, she moved to New York City and continued her studies at the Art Students League with Henry Siddons Mowbray, John Twachtman, and Augustus St. Gaudens. She secured her first job as an illustrator with Harper and Brothers and quickly started doing additional illustration work for Good Housekeeping, Scribner's, The Delineator, Woman's Home Companion, Sunday Magazine and St. Nicholas Magazine. Rush also became a staff artist at the New York Tribune and illustrated several books.

In 1904, Rush sent an inquiry with samples of her work to master illustrator Howard Pyle, who had established what was then the only school of illustration in the country in Wilmington, Delaware. There he provided free instruction to a small number hand-picked artists culled from hundreds of applicants. Although Pyle did not admit women to his studio, he encouranged her to come and join the class for lectures and criticisms. Rush moved to Delaware later that year, joining a growing number of female illustrators there including Ethel Pennewill Brown (later Leach), Blanche Chloe Grant, Sarah Katherine Smith, and Harriet Roosevelt Richards, among others. Rush and her female colleagues lived together in a boarding house known as Tusculum, which became well-known as a gathering place for women artists.

Rush traveled to Europe in 1910, embarking on a period of intense study and travel which would mark a steady transition from illustration to painting. She studied at Newlyn in Cornwall, England and then in France with the American impressionist Richard E. Miller. She returned to Wilmington in 1911, where she moved into Pyle's studio with Ethel Pennewill Brown. Rush bounced to New York, Boston, and back to France, where she lived for a time with fellow artists Alice Schille, Ethel Pennewill Brown, and Orville Houghton Peets. Her reputation grew, and she began to exhibit regularly in major national and regional juried exhibitions including the Carnegie, Pennsylvania Academy, and Corcoran annual exhibitions, as well as the Hoosier Salon.

In 1914, Rush made her first trip to Arizona and New Mexico. Passing through Santa Fe on her return trip, Rush made contact with the artists community at the Museum of New Mexico, where she secured an impromptu solo exhibition after showing her new work, inspired by the landscape of the Southwest. She made Santa Fe her permanent home in 1920 in an adobe cottage on Canyon Road, which became a main thoroughfare of the Santa Fe artists' community.

Rush began to experiment with fresco painting, and developed her own techniques suitable to the local climate. She became a sought-after muralist and was asked to create frescoes for many private homes and businesses. In her painting, she often depicted the Native American dances and ceremonies she attended. She exhibited these paintings around the country, including with the Society of Independent Artists in New York, and in the Corcoran Annual Juried exhibition, where Mrs. Herbert Hoover and Duncan Phillips both purchased her work.

In 1932, Rush was hired to teach at the Santa Fe Indian School. Rush's enthusiastic work in the 1930s with the young pueblo artists is credited with helping to bring about a flourishing of Native American visual art in New Mexico. Rush continued to work with native artists throughout her life, and many of her associates went on to gain national reputations, including Harrison Begay, Awa-Tsireh, Pop Chalee, Pablita Valerde, and Ha-So-De (Narciso Abeyta).

From 1934 to 1939, Rush executed murals for the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) and the Federal Art Project (FAP) of the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Rush's federal art projects included murals for the Santa Fe Public Library (1934), the Biology Building of the New Mexico Agricultural College (1935), the Pawhuska, Oklahoma Post Office (1938), and the Florence, Colorado Post Office (1939). Rush was also asked to join the Advisory Committee on Indian Art created by the PWAP in 1934, to help administer a segment of the program aimed at employing Native American artists.

In her later years, Rush's artwork became increasingly experimental, incorporating the ideas of Chinese painting, Native American art, and her contemporaries, the modernists, especially Wassily Kandinsky. She continued painting and exhibiting until 1964, when illness prohibited her from working. She died in 1966, leaving her home and studio to the Santa Fe Society of Friends.

Sources consulted for this biography include Olive Rush: A Hoosier Artist in New Mexico (1992) by Stanley L. Cuba, and Almost Forgotten: Delaware Women Artists and Arts Patrons 1900-1950 (2002) by Janice Haynes Gilmore.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art holds a brief oral history interview with Olive Rush concerning her involvement with Federal Art Projects.
Separated Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel SW4) including scrapbooks, photographs, clippings, and exhibition catalogs. Most of this material was later donated, but some items remain with the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Olive Rush donated the bulk of her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1963 and 1964. Additional exhibition catalogs and photographs were added to the collection upon her death in 1966. An anonymous donation of diaries, sketchbooks, and a photograph was received by the Archives in 1970. Also in 1970, the Olive Rush Memorial Studio lent papers for microfilming. Many, but not all, of the loaned materials were later donated.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
American Indians in art  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Muralists -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Illustrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Diaries
Photographs
Citation:
Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rusholiv
See more items in:
Olive Rush papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9658989d9-2bae-49ac-8468-a447e744a90e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rusholiv
Online Media:

Cady Wells papers

Creator:
Wells, Cady, 1904-1954  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Date:
1913-1968
Summary:
The papers of painter Cady Wells measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1968. The collection provides a range of documentation of Wells' life and career, namely as a landscape artist in New Mexico and as a servicemember of the United States Army during World War II. Among these materials are twenty-two personal journals; correspondence with friends, family, and art organizations; preliminary sketches and watercolors; fourteen sketchbooks; photographs; printed material; biographical material; and documents related to his professional affiliations.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Cady Wells measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1968. The collection provides a range of documentation of Wells' life and career, namely as a landscape artist in New Mexico and as a servicemember of the United States Army during World War II. Among these materials are twenty-two personal journals; correspondence with friends, family, and art organizations; preliminary sketches and watercolors; fourteen sketchbooks; photographs; printed material; biographical material; and documents related to his professional affiliations.

Biographical material consists largely of documents and awards pertaining to Wells' military service in the 1940s. A large collection of correspondence provides a broader perspective of Wells' personal and professional affiliations, including a number of letters from his friend and painter Georgia O'Keeffe. Writings feature twenty-two nearly uninterrupted personal journals from the age of thirteen to his death at age 49, providing candid insight to Wells' upbringing, family and friends, creative pursuits, and life during wartime. A variety of printed material includes exhibition announcements and brochures, art periodicals, and news clippings from his lifetime. A small amount of documents outline his professional affiliations, highlighting his support of both established and emerging art organizations of the 1930s-1950s. Fourteen sketchbooks and a variety of loose preliminary drawings and watercolors trace Wells' development as an artist during his time in New Mexico. Photographs feature images of Wells throughout his life, along with his personal photos of family and friends, including one photo each of Ansel Adams and Georgia O'Keeffe. A scrapbook provides additional printed material pertaining to Wells' exhibitions and the greater Sante Fe arts community.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as eight series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1940-1945 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1913-1968 (14 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1918-1954 (24 folders; Boxes 2-3)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1910s-1950s (8 folders; Boxes 3-4)

Series 5: Professional Affiliations, circa 1930s-1950s (1 folder; Box 4)

Series 6: Artworks, circa 1930s-1950s (10 folders; Box 4)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920s-1950s (9 folders; Box 4)

Series 8: Scrapbook, circa 1920s=1950s (4 folders; Box 5)
Biographical / Historical:
Cady Wells (1904-1954) was a painter and a patron of the arts, most associated with the Santa Fe, New Mexico, landscape artists of the 1930s and 1940s. Born in Southbridge, Massachusetts, Wells was raised in an affluent family, and pursued music as a concert pianist before discovering his passion for painting. Upon moving to New Mexico in 1932, Wells quickly gained rapport with regional modernist painters Andrew Dasburg and Georgia O'Keeffe. His artistic career was interrupted in the first half of the 1940s while he served in the United States Army during World War II. Returning to New Mexico in the mid-1940s, his innovative command of pattern and color earned him a reputation as a significant landscape painter of the American Southwest. Along with his original contributions, Wells was an avid supporter of his local arts community, assisting in the development of the Spanish Colonial Arts Society and the Museum of New Mexico.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1975 by Mason B. Wells, brother of Cady Wells.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Cady Wells papers, 1913-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wellcady
See more items in:
Cady Wells papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d2d4f529-2767-46ed-a59b-4e33c145a1ff
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wellcady
Online Media:

Fritz Scholder papers

Creator:
Scholder, Fritz, 1937-2005  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Linear feet ((22 items))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1994
Summary:
The papers of painter and sculptor Fritz Scholder measure 0.01 linear feet and consists of 22 items that date from 1960 to 1994. The collection includes twenty letters received by Scholder concerning various topics about his art work and professional career and two exhibition announcements. Correspondents include Rene d'Harnoncourt (MOCA), Raymond Burr, Jon Voight, Paolo Soleri, Georgia O'Keeffe, Alexander Hogue, Jane Alexander (NEA), and others.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and sculptor Fritz Scholder measure 0.01 linear feet and consists of 22 items that date from 1960 to 1994. The collection includes twenty letters received by Scholder concerning various topics about his art work and professional career and two exhibition announcements. Correspondents include Rene d'Harnoncourt (MOCA), Raymond Burr, Jon Voight, Paolo Soleri, Georgia O' Keeffe, Alexander Hogue, Jane Alexander (NEA), and others.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, the papers are arranged as one series.

Series 1: Fritz Scholder papers, 196-1994 (Folder 1; 22 items)
Biographical / Historical:
Fritz Scholder (1937-2005) was a painter and sculptor who was primarily based in Santa Fe, New Mexico and Scottsdale, Arizona. Much of his artwork is associated with the Southwest and is perhaps best known for his paintings of Western and Native American themes. Scholder was born in Breckenridge, Minnesota, and grew up near a reservation where his father was an Indian Affairs official. He identified as French, German, and Native American and was a registered member of the Luiseño tribe. Scholder has degrees in art from Sacramento State University (BA) and the University of Arizona (MFA). At Sacramento State, he studied with painter Wayne Thiebaud. Scholder taught at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe from 1964 to 1969. In 1996, he received the Visionary Award from the Institute of American Indian Arts, an organization that again honored him in summer 2001.

Scholder is an honoree and board member of the American Academy of Achievement. His works are in many major museum collections, including New York's MoMA, SAAM, Biblioteque Nationale (Paris), Walker Art Center, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by Fritz Scholder in 2001.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Sculptors -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- Arizona -- Scottsdale  Search this
Sculptors -- Arizona -- Scottsdale  Search this
Topic:
Native American artists  Search this
Citation:
Fritz Scholder papers, 1960-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.schofrit
See more items in:
Fritz Scholder papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9de98eb02-f322-4400-9005-a33b64a0fbbe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schofrit
Online Media:

William Penhallow Henderson papers

Creator:
Henderson, William Penhallow, 1877-1943  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Santa Fe Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949  Search this
Henderson, William Oliver  Search this
Extent:
10.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
1876-1987
bulk 1876-1943
Summary:
The papers of Chicago and Santa Fe painter, muralist, architect, and furniture designer William Penhallow Henderson measure 10.5 linear feet and date from 1876 to 1987 (bulk dates 1876 to 1943). Found within the papers are scattered biographical material; correspondence with friends and colleagues; three diaries; personal business records; two files concerning the Santa Fe Painters and Sculptors and the Art in Embassies Program; architecture, furniture, and other design project files; exhibition files; notes and writings; artwork, including 64 sketchbooks by Henderson and others; miscellaneous printed material; and photographs of Henderson, his family and colleagues.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Chicago and Santa Fe painter, architect, and furniture designer William Penhallow Henderson measure 10.5 linear feet and date from 1876 to 1987 (bulk dates 1876-1943). Found within the collection are biographical material; a file concerning Henderson's father William Oliver Henderson; correspondence primarily with colleagues discussing art-related topics; two diaries describing his student days in Paris, 1902-1903, and one concerning the latter part of his life; personal business records; subject files for the Santa Fe Painters and Sculptors and the Art in Embassies Program; architecture and furniture files containing notes, designs, and photographs of Henderson's work in these areas; additional project files concerning other projects, including a play, architectural projects, and a mural; exhibition files; notes and writings; artwork, including 64 sketchbooks by Henderson; miscellaneous printed material; and photographs of Henderson, his family, colleagues, and artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 13 series primarily according to type of material; materials within series are arranged chronologically.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1897-1984 (Boxes 1, 12; 14 folders)

Series 2: File on William Oliver Henderson, 1876-1906 (Box 1; 12 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1883-1987 (Boxes 1-2; 1.9 linear feet)

Series 4: Diaries, 1902-1940 (Box 3; 4 folders)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, 1887-1984 (Box 3; 40 folders)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1921-1975 (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 7: Architecture and Furniture Files, 1926-1983 (Boxes 3-4, 12, OV 14; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 8: Project Files, 1916-1942 (Boxes 4-5, 12, OV 14; 40 folders)

Series 9: Exhibition Files, 1927-1964 (Box 5; 25 folders)

Series 10: Notes and Writings, 1901-1985 (Boxes 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 11: Artwork, 1886-1929 (Boxes 6-8, OV 14; 1.9 linear feet)

Series 12: Printed Material, 1891-1988 (Boxes 8-9; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 13: Photographs, 1887-1985 (Boxes 9-11, 13; 1.6 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Painter, architect, and furniture designer, William Penhallow Henderson was born in 1877 in Medford, Massachusetts. His father, William Oliver Henderson was a friend of painter William Edward Norton and an amateur painter himself. During Henderson's childhood, the family moved several times, settling in Turkey Creek, Texas, in 1879, and Clifton, Kansas, in 1886.

Returning to Boston in 1891, Henderson studied at the Massachusetts Normal Art School and, and in 1899, entered the School of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, studying under Edmund C. Tarbell. In the following year, he won the Paige Traveling Scholarship for two years of study in Europe. His travels, from 1902-1903, included London, where he became acquainted with the family of John Singer Sargent. He also traveled to Paris, Berlin, Dresden, Madrid, and the Azores.

From 1904 to 1910, Henderson taught at the Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago. In 1904 he painted in Mexico and Arizona with colleague Carl N. Werntz. He married the poet-editor of Poetry magazine, Alice Corbin in 1905, and their only child, Alice Oliver Henderson, was born in 1907.

Between 1906 and 1907 Henderson completed ten murals for the Joliet Township High School. Mrs. Henderson's book Anderson's Best Fairy Tales, illustrated by her husband, provided the funds for a second trip to Europe from 1910-1911. In 1914, Henderson built a house and studio of his own design at Lake Bluff, Illinois, and in the same year he was commissioned by Frank Lloyd Wright to design murals for Midway Gardens, Chicago. Unfortunately, the murals were painted over shortly after completion. In the following year, he designed the scenery and costumes for the Chicago Fine Arts Theatre production of Alice in Wonderland.

Due to his wife's failing health, the family moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico in 1916, and in 1918, Henderson was employed by the U. S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation in San Francisco to paint camouflage onto the hulls of ships during World War I.

In 1925, Henderson, with his first son-in-law John Evans, formed the Pueblo-Spanish Building Company, through which he designed and built many private homes and some public buildings, including the Railroad Ticket Office in Santa Fe. Henderson was also successful at designing carved wooden furniture. In the mid-1930s, he was appointed to the Federal Arts Project, for which he completed easel paintings and six murals for the Santa Fe Federal Court Building.

In 1937, Henderson completed the impressive Navajo House of Religion, built in the style of an American Indian hogan and later re-named the Museum of Navajo Ceremonial Art.

William Penhallow Henderson died in 1943 in Tesuque, New Mexico.
Provenance:
The William Penhallow Henderson papers were donated by Carlton Colquitt, on behalf of the estate of his late wife, Alice Henderson Rossin, the daughter of William Penhallow Henderson, in 1988.
Restrictions:
Open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Architects -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Furniture designers -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
William Penhallow Henderson papers, 1876-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hendwill
See more items in:
William Penhallow Henderson papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw907ed777d-bfe7-4ea9-91e2-b949eec89bc1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hendwill
Online Media:

Józef and Teresa Bakós papers

Creator:
Bakós, Józef, 1891-1977  Search this
Bakos, Teresa, 1884-1974  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels (circa 800 items on 3 partial microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1900-1977
Scope and Contents:
The microfilmed Józef and Teresa Bakós papers include biographical information; correspondence; writings by Teresa and Józef; exhibition announcements and catalogs; and clippings. Also included are photographs of Józef and Teresa, their family and friends, and works of art; as well as printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Józef Bakós (1891-1977) was a painter in Sante Fe, New Mexico. He is best known for his Western landscapes. Bakós was a founding member of the Modernist art group Los Cinco Pintores (the five painters) with Walter Mruk, Fremont Ellis, Willard Nash, and Will Shuster. He married Teresa Bakós in 1927. Teresa Bakós (1884-1974) was an Italian-born painter in Santa Fe.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the oral history interview with Jozef and Teresa Bakos, 1965 April 15.
Provenance:
The lender, Norman Bakos, is Jozef's nephew, and executor of his estate.
Restrictions:
Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bakoj
See more items in:
Józef and Teresa Bakós papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e1585df2-f630-48b2-8b68-d35608e7c7ba
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bakoj

E. Boyd memoirs

Creator:
Boyd, E., 1903-1974  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1963 November 6
Scope and Contents:
Typed notes dated November 6, 1963, excerpted from her notebook. Boyd describes her work for the Index of American Design in New Mexico, 1936-1937, where she was engaged in research, did renderings of folk art for the Index and especially the Portfolio of Spanish Colonial Design, and handled photographs by project photographers. She comments on the quality of work done by artists and photographers on the project.
Biographical / Historical:
E. Boyd (1903-1974) was an art administrator, painter, and writer from Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Provenance:
Donated 1964 by E. Boyd.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Authors -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women arts administrators  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.boydeliz
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw994b17fd9-0464-4272-a906-f6ef890ff5b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-boydeliz

Grace Spaulding John papers

Creator:
John, Grace Spaulding  Search this
Names:
Uhler, Ruth Pershing, 1898-1969  Search this
Extent:
6 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1890-1972
Scope and Contents:
Diaries, writings, sketches and drawings, scrapbooks, printed matter and photographs relating to John and her work.
Circa 650 pages of undated sketches and notes from travels on the west coast of Mexico, and 24 combination journals and sketchbooks from her travels throughout Europe, Canada, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. Poetry, descriptions of places and people visited, and statements about her work comprise the major portion of the journal entries.
Biographical data; writings and notes; 3 scrapbooks containing family photographs, printed material and letters; a scrapbook on Ruth Uhler containing letters to John and clippings; photographs of paintings; a list of paintings in her collections; and a card index containing information of exhibitions.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Spaulding John (1890-1972) was a painter, writer, and lecturer in New York, N.Y. and Houston, Texas. Ruth Uhler was a painter and lecturer who worked in Houston as well as Santa Fe, N.M.
Provenance:
The lender, Patricia John Keightley, is Grace Spaulding John's daughter.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.johngrac
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d053878e-be96-48c4-abde-51030162ba3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-johngrac

Oral history interview with Linda Lomahaftewa

Interviewee:
Lomahaftewa, Linda  Search this
Interviewer:
Evans, Lara  Search this
Names:
Pandemic Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((23 min.), digital, mp4)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Video recordings
Date:
2020 September 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Linda Lomahaftewa conducted 2020 September 2, by Lara M. Evans, for the Archives of American Art's Pandemic Oral History Project, at Lomahaftewa's home in Santa Fe, New Mexico.­
Biographical / Historical:
Linda Lomahaftewa (1947 - ) is a Hopi-Choctaw printmaker, painter, and arts educator in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Lomahaftewa received the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation Power of Art Award in 2001 and has taught at Sonoma State, UC Berkeley, and the IAIA.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its Oral History Program interviews available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. Quotation, reproduction and publication of the audio is governed by restrictions. If an interview has been transcribed, researchers must quote from the transcript. If an interview has not been transcribed, researchers must quote from the audio recording. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Printmakers -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Educators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Pandemics  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease)  Search this
Native American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Black Lives Matter movement  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Economic aspects  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Social aspects  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.lomaha20
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b2410d29-6c71-48d3-a32b-880b80a28d74
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lomaha20
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dorothy Morang

Interviewee:
Morang, Dorothy, 1906-1994  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 Dec. 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Dorothy Morang conducted on 1964 Dec. 3, by Sylvia Loomis, for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project.
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothy Morang (1906-1994) was a painter from Santa Fe, N.M.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 26 min.
Sound quality is poor.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.morang64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95e7a46ad-8ad5-4d9e-b561-4831eefa12b9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-morang64
Online Media:

Fremont F. Ellis scrapbook

Creator:
Ellis, Fremont F., 1897-1985  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1919-1969
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook containing ca. 50 letters, clippings, reproductions, articles, and miscellany.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1970 by Fremont F. Ellis.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.ellifrem
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96bebf068-b105-46b2-8a4d-1926a0e6858a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ellifrem

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