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Oral history interview with Nathan Oliveira

Interviewee:
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Albright, Ivan, 1897-1983  Search this
Beckmann, Max, 1884-1950  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Boyle, Keith  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Oldfield, Otis, 1890-1969  Search this
Extent:
92 Pages (Transcript, 1978-1980 sessions)
28 Pages (Transcript 1981 session)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Nathan Oliveira conducted 1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Oliveira speaks of his family background and ancestry; his childhood; his education; the development of his interest in art; working as a bookbinder; his inspirations from the old masters; studying with Max Beckmann and Otis Oldfield; his U.S. Army service; working with Richard Diebenkorn; getting established in galleries as a printmaker; teaching printmaking; his European travels; living in Illinois and its effect on his career; moving to California; and meeting and working with Martha Jackson. He recalls Billy Al Bengston, Ivan Albright, and Willem de Kooning, and discusses de Kooning's influence on him.
Oliveira also speaks of subject matter in his paintings, and his departure from and his later return to the human figure; the relationship between artist and model; the importance and persistence of the figurative tradition in American art; artists he admires. He recalls Keith Boyle and Frank Lobdell.
Biographical / Historical:
Nathan Oliveira (1928-2010) was a painter, printmaker, and sculptor from Stanford, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound tape reels and 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hrs., 39 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
1978-1980 session; transcript: Transcript available on microfilm.
Occupation:
Artists' models  Search this
Topic:
Figurative art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Artists' models -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.olivei78
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw973f41c6a-7f70-45ec-a356-536ec0195244
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-olivei78
Online Media:

Claude Buck papers

Creator:
Buck, Claude, 1890-1974  Search this
Jane Freeman Gallery (La Mesa, Calif.)  Search this
Names:
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Bontoux, August  Search this
Carlsen, Dines  Search this
Carlsen, Emil, 1853-1932  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Polasek, Albin, 1879-1965  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Linear feet ((on 7 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1912-1982
Scope and Contents:
Letters, photographs, original art works, printed materials, scrapbooks, biographical information, and writings.
REELS 2982-2987: Family correspondence, including letters between Buck and his parents, his wife, Estrid, and other family members; general correspondence, including letters from George Bellows, August Bontoux, Emil and Dines Carlsen, Kenyon Cox, Albin Polasek, and the Jane Freeman Gallery; a genealogical table, an autobiographical sketch, and birth and wedding announcements and a resume; an open letter to the Trustees of the Art Institute of Chicago; original art works including sketches, drawings, and a print; printed materials, including exhibition catalogs, announcements, invitations, clippings, published reproductions of artworks, and reviews; and miscellany, including teaching announcements, press releases and clippings.
Also included are writings on art; an album of photographs of works of art; photographs of Buck and his art work; a blueprint of Buck's studio in Midlothian, Illinois; financial material consisting of price lists for works of art, bills, receipts, and permit fees; four scrapbooks containing clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, photographs, writings and memorabilia; exhibition catalogs; an unpublished manuscript, "The Divine Dance" by Ruth St. Denis, 1933; and an unfinished manuscript by Buck, "How I Was Taught by the Old Masters," including drawings and photographs of family portraits and other paintings by Buck.
REEL 4588: A scrapbook, 1 v., ca. 1917-1969, containing: letters; newspaper and magazine clippings about Buck, his wife Leslie, and father William; Buck's statements against the jury system of the Santa Barbara Art Association 1963; exhibition checklists; photographs of Buck and his paintings; pencil sketches; and miscellany. Also included are written comments from visitors to his exhibition at the Oakland Art Gallery, September 1945, and the Santa Cruz Art League Gallery, May 1954, noting the "best" and "least liked" paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Santa Cruz, Calif. and New York, N.Y. Studied with Emil Carlsen and George de Forest Brush. Painted in a luministic and symbolic style.
Provenance:
Donated 1982-1992 by Diana V. Link, Buck's niece, by Mrs. Claude Buck, Buck's widow, and by Juel Buck Krisvoy-Schiller, Buck's daughter. Five works of art were transferred to the National Museum of American Art, including a self-portrait.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- California -- Santa Cruz  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American -- California -- Santa Cruz  Search this
Painting, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Symbolism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.buckclau
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91eb3ad3d-6b36-436c-b59c-276300b6e667
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-buckclau

Nancy Moure research material on artists

Creator:
Moure, Nancy Dustin Wall  Search this
Names:
Alvarez, Mabel, 1891-1985  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Blair, Lee Everett, 1911-1993  Search this
Campbell, Richard, 1921-  Search this
Helder, Zama Vanessa, 1904-  Search this
Kramer, Al, 1908-1991  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1978-1991
Scope and Contents:
Ca. 800 index cards containing information on works of art by George Bellows, preparatory to Moure's planned catalog raissone; a 28 p. transcript of an interview with watercolor painter Lee Blair, April 13, 1991; a 12 p. transcript of an interview with printmaker Richard Horton Campbell, Nov. 20, 1991, used as background for Moure's "Essay on Richard Campbell" in the catalog for his show at Baylor Studios, Pacific Palisades, California; material relating to Moure's work on primitive painter and gallery owner Al Kramer, including 14 photographs of his paintings; a list of paintings; notes; an article by Moure, "The California Primitives of Albert Kramer," published in the L.A. Art Show catalog; 6 photographs of Zama Vanessa Helder and one of Mabel Alvarez, artists and friends of Kramer who he handled at his gallery, La Cienega; 17 color photos of paintings by Helder, and 79 by Alvarez; and a list of Alvarez paintings in Kramer's collection, March 1990, compiled by Moure.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, art consultant, writer; Los Angeles, Calif. Former assistant curator of American art for the L.A. County Museum of Art.
Provenance:
Donated 1979-1992 by Nancy Moure. Moure received the photos of Alvarez and Helder from Al Kramer.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Museum curators  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.mournanc
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw954040754-3c25-4b12-b144-c0e1bb156952
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mournanc

Oral history interview with Ruth Armer

Interviewee:
Armer, Ruth, 1896-1977  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Stein, Leo, 1872-1947  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Extent:
39 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1974 August 14
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ruth Armer conducted 1974 August 14, by Paul J. Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art. Armer speaks of her early interest in art; her education; moving to New York City in 1918; studying at the Art Students League under John Sloan, Robert Henri and George Bellows and the influences of Leo Stein and Max Weber. She discusses her early work in portrait painting; returning to San Francisco and working as a commercial artist; problems facing women artists in the 1930s; becoming a teacher; and her opinions of San Francisco art.
Biographical / Historical:
Ruth Armer (1896-1977) was a painter and art collector from San Francisco, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 39 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Collectors  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.armer74
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw998ed8042-a28d-4d3a-9418-5742d7ef5c02
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-armer74
Online Media:

Alice Klauber letters

Creator:
Klauber, Alice Ellen, 1871-1951  Search this
Names:
Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Adams, Wayman, 1883-1959  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Hartman, C. Bertram, 1882-1960  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Lawson, Ernest, 1873-1939  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Matisse, Pierre, 1900-1989  Search this
Organ, Marjorie, b. 1886  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1907-1946
Scope and Contents:
Letters to Alice Klauber from Walter Pach and Robert Henri about art activities; letters to Klauber and Edgar L. Hewett regarding the Panama-California Exposition of 1915-1916 in San Diego; and a few letters from William Zorach, Pierre Matisse and Wayman Adams regarding exhibits at the Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego. All letters are copies.
The 19 letters from Pach, 1907-1929, regard arrangements for Klauber to attend the Chase School in Italy (Pach was a manager/instructor), and his travels and work in Italy, Belgium, and Paris. Henri, writing 1912-1918, in 34 letters, discusses Maratta's color system, trips to Ireland, California, and Santa Fe, his health and work. The series concerning the Panama- California Exposition of 1915-1916 comprise mainly letters and telegrams to the art department chair Edgar L. Hewett from artists George Bellows, Arthur B. Davies, William Glackens, Bertram Hartman, Childe Hassam, Henri, Marjorie Organ (Mrs. Robert Henri), George Luks, Ernest Lawson, Maurice Prendergast, Joseph Henry Sharp, and John Sloan regarding their work, and a few to Klauber on her work for the exposition.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, curator, San Diego, Calif. Klauber was a member of the Women's Board of the Panama-Pacific Exposition, 1915-1916, in San Diego, working on art exhibitions, actively assisted by Robert Henri and Edgar L. Hewett. Later, she was a curator at the Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego (renamed San Diego Museum of Art in 1978).
Provenance:
The donor, Henry G. Gardiner, was affiliated with the San Diego Fine Arts Gallery. He received the Pach letters from Mrs. Paul Wormser of La Jolla, California. Included with his donation were photocopies of letters to Alfred Mitchell from Mrs. Thomas Eakins which were microfilmed and described separately. Originals are owned by the San Diego Museum of Art.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- California -- San Diego  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Diego  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.klaualic
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b91901c1-a8e9-434a-ac72-6519bab51cf0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-klaualic

Janice Lovoos papers

Creator:
Lovoos, Janice  Search this
Names:
Penney, Edmund F.  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1990
Summary:
The scattered papers of art historian and painter Janice Lovoos measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1966 to 1990. Found are biographical materials on Lovoos and her son Edmund Penney, copies of vintage family photographs, printed material, and writings by Lovoos relating to her work on California art and artists.
Scope and Contents:
The scattered papers of art historian and painter Janice Lovoos measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1966 to 1990. Found are biographical materials on Lovoos and her son Edmund Penney, copies of vintage family photographs, printed material, and writings by Lovoos relating to her work on California art and artists.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
California painter and art historian Janice Lovoos (1903-2007) attended the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles where she learned mural painting and illustration, and also studied rug and textile design. As a writer and art historian Lovoos documented the art of Southern California and was a contributing editor to American Artist magazine for almost 50 years.
Provenance:
Janice Lovoos donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1991 and 1993.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Illustrators -- California  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women illustrators  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Citation:
Janice Lovoos papers, 1966-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lovojani
See more items in:
Janice Lovoos papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw947da5b34-13f5-4fe6-9faf-58462cd5510f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lovojani

Arthur Monroe papers

Creator:
Monroe, Arthur  Search this
Names:
Oakland Museum  Search this
World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture  Search this
Extent:
22.6 Linear feet
6.36 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1940-2019
Summary:
The papers of African American abstract expressionist painter, arts administrator and educator Arthur Monroe measure 22.6 linear feet and 6.3 gigabytes and date from circa 1940 to 2019. Monroe was the registrar at the Oakland Museum and American Studies professor at University of California, Berkeley and San Jose State University. This collection documents his career through biographical material, correspondence, writings, FESTAC records, professional files, research files, teaching files, printed material, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American abstract expressionist painter, arts administrator and educator Arthur Monroe measure 22.6 linear feet and 6.3 gigabytes and date from circa 1949 to 2019. Monroe was the registrar at the Oakland Museum and American Studies professor at University of California, Berkeley and San Jose State University. This collection documents his career through biographical material, correspondence, writings, FESTAC records, professional files, research files, teaching files, printed material, and photographic material.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 9 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970-circa 2013 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1971-cira 2015 (1.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings, 1974-circa 2019 (3.7 linear feet; Boxes 3-6)

Series 4: FESTAC Records, 1973-1993, bulk 1974-1978 (4.5 linear feet; Boxes 6-11, 23)

Series 5: Professional Files, 1957-2019 (4 linear feet; Boxes 11-15)

Series 6: Research Files, 1951-2010 (4.5 linear feet; Boxes 15-19, 23)

Series 7: Teaching Files, 1970-circa 2010 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 19-20)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1955-2014 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 20-21, 24)

Series 9: Photographic Material, circa 1940-circa 2019 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 21-22)
Biographical / Historical:
Arthur Monroe (1935-2019) was an African American abstract expressionist painter, arts administrator, and educator in Oakland, California. Monroe was the Chief Registrar at the Oakland Museum for over 30 years and also taught African American Studies as a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and San Jose State University. Arthur Monroe was the Chair of the Far West Region North Committee for FESTAC (1977), also known as the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture, as well as an organizer for the First Statewide Conference of Black Artists held in 1978.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2019 by Arthur Monroe as part of the Archives' African American Collecting Initiative funded by the Henry Luce Foundation.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Oakland  Search this
Educators -- California -- Oakland  Search this
Arts administrators -- California  Search this
Topic:
African American painters  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
African American art -- African influences  Search this
African American educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Arthur Monroe papers, circa 1940-2019. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.monrarth
See more items in:
Arthur Monroe papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98ed18ada-836d-488b-9ef8-d027e1a92751
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-monrarth
Online Media:

Eugene Berman papers

Creator:
Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972  Search this
Names:
Berman, Leonid, 1896-1976  Search this
Lynes, Russell, 1910-1991  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Photographer:
Galdi, Vincenzo  Search this
Gloeden, Wilhelm von, Baron, 1856-1931  Search this
Extent:
6.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Postcards
Notes
Place:
Italy -- Description and travel, Photographs
Mexico -- Description and travel, Photographs
Date:
1926-1975
Summary:
The papers of painter and theatrical set designer Eugene Berman date from 1926-1975 and measure 6.7 linear feet. Found within the papers are scattered letters, primarily postcards, from various colleagues including Juliet and Man Ray and Berman's brother Leonid. There are also notes, scattered artwork, printed material, and extensive photographs, many of Mexico.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and theatrical set designer Eugene Berman date from 1926-1975 and measure 6.7 linear feet. Found within the papers are scattered letters, primarily postcards, from various colleagues including Juliet and Man Ray and Berman's brother Leonid. There are also notes, scattered artwork, printed material, and extensive photographs, many of Mexico.

Notes include a booklet of photocopies of notes in Italian conerning miscellaneous art work, including prices. There are also scattered notes in French concerning miscellaneous topics.

Art work consists of miscellaneous sketches, primarily on the reverse sides of postcards, depicting human figures and architectural details, sometimes annotated in Russian and Italian.

Printed material includes clippings concerning Eugene and Leonid Berman's art work, exhibition announcements and catalogs, reproductions of art work by Berman, picture postcards, a ballet program, and a guide book for Grado, Italy.

Photographs comprise the largest series in this collection. Photographs of Eugene Berman include two by Russell Lynes. Photographs are also of Berman's wife, Ona Munson, unidentified colleagues, exhibition installations, art work executed by Berman between 1937 and 1948, and miscellaneous photographs of Italy including images by Vincenzo Galdi and Wilhelm von Gloeden. There are ten portfolios of photographs of Mexico, primarily taken by Berman, but Portfolios 1, 6, 9, and 10 include images photographed by Hugo Brehme. There are also commercially produced photographs of various scenes and art work primarily in Italy and Mexico, publicity photographs of ballet and opera performers, and two stereographs of novelty subjects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Letters, 1926-1970 (Box 1, 8; 12 folders)

Series 2: Notes, 1944 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 3: Art Work, 1947 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1941-1975 (Box 1, 8; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, 1933-1956 (Box, 2-9; 4.9 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Eugene Berman (1899-1972) worked in New York City, Los Angeles, California, and Rome, Italy as a Neo-Romantic painter and designer of theatrical sets and costumes for opera and ballet productions.

Eugene Berman was born on November 4, 1899 in St. Petersburg, Russia, the son of Lydia and Gustav Berman, who died when Eugene was seven years old. His stepfather was a wealthy banker who paid for his education in Germany, Switzerland, and France. In 1918, the family fled to Paris to escape the Bolshevik Revolution.

While in Paris, Berman studied at the Academie Ranson from 1920 to 1922, under Pierre Bonnard, Edouard Vuillard, and Félix Valloton. With his brother Leonid, Berman joined a group of painters who became known as Neo-Romantics whose paintings were of melancholy dreamlike scenes with mournful figures, defying the prevalent abstract movements in art. By the late 1920s, Berman was beginning to successfully sell his paintings and after meeting American gallery owner Julian Levy, he was offered an exhibition in New York. Berman continued to exhibit at the Julian Levy Gallery from 1929 to 1947.

In 1935, Eugene and Leonid Berman became war refugees and came to New York City. Eugene Berman designed covers for fashionable publications and by 1937, he was painting murals in private residences and designing sets and costumes for opera and ballet performances including those at the Metropolitan Opera.

Berman moved to California in 1938, settling in Los Angeles, and continued to paint murals and design for the theater. He became an American citizen in 1944. Between 1947 and 1949, he received Guggenheim Fellowships to obtain background images from the Southwest United States and Mexico for use in his art work. Berman married actress Ona Munson in 1949.

Two years after his wife's suicide in 1955, Berman moved to Rome, Italy where he continued to paint and design sets for the theater.

Eugene Berman died on December 14, 1972 in Rome, Italy.
Provenance:
The Eugene Berman papers were donated by the artist's sister-in-law, Sylvia Marlowe Berman, in 1978.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Italy -- Rome  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Set Designers  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Postcards
Notes
Citation:
Eugene Berman papers, 1926-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bermeuge
See more items in:
Eugene Berman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw946e567d0-f447-484c-a3c1-689ae12ff3d9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bermeuge
Online Media:

Sonia Gechtoff papers

Creator:
Gechtoff, Sonia, 1926-2018  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1950-1980
Summary:
The papers of abstract expressionist painter Sonia Gechtoff measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1950 to 1980. The scattered papers include artwork, biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, photographs, printed material, and writings by Gechtoff.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of abstract expressionist painter Sonia Gechtoff measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1950 to 1980. The scattered papers include artwork, biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, photographs, printed material, and writings by Gechtoff.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Sonia Gechtoff (1926-2018) was a painter and printmaker active in San Francisco, California, and New York City, New York.

Gechtoff was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and raised in San Francisco, California. Her parents, Ethel (Etya) and Leonid Gechtoff, were active in the art industry--her mother ran art galleries and her father was a successful painter. Gechtoff studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and, after graduation, moved to San Francisco where she became acquainted with Beat culture and continued her studies at the San Francisco Art Institute. Over the course of her career her style moved toward abstract expressionism. Her works were included at the Guggenheim Museum's Younger American Painters in 1954.

Gechtoff married artist Jim Kelly and together they moved to New York City in the late 1950s, where she continued to paint and was active in the New York art world. Additionally, Gechtoff taught at various institutions later in her career.

With Kelly, Sonia Gechtoff had two children, Susannah and Miles. She died in 2018 in New York City.
Provenance:
Sonia Gechtoff donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1980.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Citation:
Sonia Gechtoff papers, 1950-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gechsoni
See more items in:
Sonia Gechtoff papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96ef72c7f-f45b-4d3c-bbf1-6495a6af0423
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gechsoni
Online Media:

Ruth Armer papers

Creator:
Armer, Ruth, 1896-1977  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1911-1976
Summary:
The papers of painter Ruth Armer measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1911 to 1976. The collection includes scattered documentation of Armer's career through printed bookplates, biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, photographs, printed material, a scrapbook, and writings and notes.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Ruth Armer measure 0.6 linear feet and date from 1911 to 1976. The collection includes scattered documentation of Armer's career through printed bookplates, biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, photographs, printed material, a scrapbook, and writings and notes.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Ruth Armer (1896-1977) was a painter active in San Francisco, California.

Armer studied at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art (San Francisco Art Institute) and in New York City with Robert Henri, George Bellows, and John Sloan. During her career she worked as a commercial illustrator as well as a landscape and portrait artist. In the late-1930s she experimented with abstraction, a tendency reinforced by contact with the California School of Fine Arts abstract expressionist movement in the late-1940s.

Armer taught for years in the Bay area and was an active exhibiting artist until her death.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an oral history interview with Ruth Armer conducted by Paul Karlstrom on 1974 August 14.
Provenance:
Ruth Armer donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1974. Additional material was donated by John and Robert Brantsen in 1986.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Educators -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Collectors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Armer papers, 1911-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.armeruth
See more items in:
Ruth Armer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92460344a-3937-4a91-9d4b-dde14560d916
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-armeruth
Online Media:

Merle Schipper interviews, 1978-1987

Creator:
Schipper, Merle  Search this
Subject:
Graham, Robert  Search this
Harden, Marvin  Search this
Kauffman, Craig  Search this
Kent, Claude  Search this
Kessler, Charles  Search this
Kipper, Harry  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Pashgian, Helen  Search this
Phillips, Jay  Search this
Seliger, Charles  Search this
Shelton, Peter  Search this
Simonian, Judith  Search this
Trowbridge, David  Search this
Valentine, De Wain  Search this
Van Hamersveld, John  Search this
Wight, Frederick Stallknecht  Search this
Yokoi, Rita  Search this
Anderson, John S.  Search this
Card, Greg S.  Search this
Cutler-Shaw, Joyce  Search this
DeLap, Tony  Search this
Hammersley, Frederick  Search this
Citation:
Merle Schipper interviews, 1978-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- California  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9603
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211808
AAA_collcode_schimerl2
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211808

Harry Bowden papers

Creator:
Bowden, Harry, 1907-1965  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Bransom, Paul, 1885-  Search this
Campbell, Charles, 1905-  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Hirsch, Hy  Search this
Hobbs, Fredric  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963  Search this
Johnson, Robert E. (Robert Emory), 1932-  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
McNeil, George, 1908-1995  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Post, George, 1906-1997  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Schevill, James Erwin, 1920-  Search this
Smith, Hassel, 1915-2007  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Weston, Brett  Search this
Weston, Edward, 1886-1958  Search this
White, Minor  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet ((on 4 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1922-1972
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, photographs, writings, sketches, drawings, paintings, and printed material.
REELS 1880-1882: Extensive correspondence with Bowden's wife, Lois; letters from Paul Bransom, Imogen Cunningham, Hi Hirsch, Hans Hofmann, Robert Johnson, George McNeil, George Post, James Schevill, Hassel Smith, Brett Weston, and Edward Weston; notes and writings on photography and art; sketches, drawings, and paintings; business papers and business correspondence from museum and gallery directors including Edward Steichen, Fred Hobbs, Charles Campbell, Minor White, and others; catalogs, clippings, and other printed materials.
REEL 1885: Ca. 500 photographs, mostly by Bowden, including photos of George Abend, Al and Frances Bernstein, Richard and Pat Bowman, M. Carles, Walter Chabrow, Imogen Cunningham, Willem de Kooning, Vic and Jeanne Di Suvero, Loyola and Ed Fourtane, Mrs. Gibson, Grabhorn, Robinson Jeffers, Aristodemos Kaldis, Lee Krasner, Darius Milhaud, Gordon Onslow-Ford, Phylis and Bob Pauey, Jackson Pollock's studio, Otis Oldfield, George Post, Kenneth Price, Ad Reinhardt, Kenneth Rexroth, Serge Trubach, Edward and Brett Weston, Yvor Winters, Wilfred Zogbaum, and Aldous Huxley. Also included are photographs Bowden, Bowden's family, his wife, Lois, nudes, his works, and exhibits.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and photographer; San Francisco, California. Studied with Hans Hofmann; founding member of the American Abstract Artists and was associated with the Artists' Gallery; photography influenced by Edward Weston.
Provenance:
Lois Bowden, Harry Bowden's widow, donated the greater part of this collection to the Archives of American Art via Charles Campbell of the Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco, Calif. Mr. Campbell subsequently donated 28 additional photographs.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Photography, Artistic -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bowdharr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw971f420b7-0757-46d2-a6bd-881c34e604e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bowdharr

Hans and Thordis Burkhardt papers

Creator:
Burkhardt, Hans Gustav, 1904-1994  Search this
Burkhardt, Thordis W., 1908-1993  Search this
Names:
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Date:
1905-1981
Scope and Contents:
Resumes, awards, and memberships; letters thanking the Burkhardts for paintings, regarding visits to their home and studio, and from scholars and institutions requesting information about his own work as well as his collection of works by Mark Tobey and Arshile Gorky; writings and notes by and about Burkhardt; 2 bound sketchbooks, undated and 1961, containing black felt-tip pen drawings; exhibition related materials including lists of works exhibited, acknowledgements of gifts, loan agreements, and receipts; exhibition announcements and catalogs; clippings, press releases, and bulletins, and 2 scrapbooks of clippings; and photographs of Burkhardt, his wife Thordis, and others including Mark Tobey and Willem de Kooning.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and collector; Los Angeles, Calif.; d. 1994.
Provenance:
Donated 1975-1981 by the Burkhardts.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.burkhans
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c2530c31-6c7e-42a3-b5ee-22a95b17a7aa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-burkhans

Oral history interview with Ivan Messenger, 1964 July 31

Interviewee:
Messenger, Ivan, 1895-1983  Search this
Interviewer:
McGlynn, Betty Lochrie Hoag, 1914-2002  Search this
Subject:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Ivan Messenger, 1964 July 31. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11651
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213663
AAA_collcode_messen64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213663
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ivan Messenger

Interviewee:
Messenger, Ivan, 1895-1983  Search this
Interviewer:
McGlynn, Betty Hoag  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
26 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 July 31
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ivan Messenger conducted 1964 July 31, by Betty Hoag, for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project.
Biographical / Historical:
Ivan Messenger (1895-1983) was a painter from San Diego, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 37 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.messen64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw916883016-6b02-4fb4-85f1-e19c760d75ca
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-messen64
Online Media:

Hisako Hibi and Matsusaburo "George" Hibi papers

Creator:
Hibi, Hisako, 1907-1991  Search this
Hibi, Matsusaburo George, 1886-1947  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1906-2000
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Japanes American artists Hisako Hibi and Matsusaburo "George" Hibi measure 3.3 linear feet and date from circa 1906-2000. These papers are mainly focused on Hisako Hibi's life and career, with some small elements related to Matsusaburo "George" Hibi. Included are biographical material consisting of immigration documents and interview transcripts; scrapbooks; photographs of family members; printed material including catalogs and newspaper clippings; personal and professional correspondence; records of works sold, loaned and donated; and few sketches. Also found is Matsusaburo's handwritten account of founding the art school at Topaz camp.
Biographical / Historical:
Hisako Hibi née Shimizu (1907-1991) was Japanese American an artist in Hayward and San Francisco, California. She was married to­ artist Matsusaburo "George" Hibi (1886-1947). Both artists were incarcerated at the Topaz relocation center in Utah during World War II.
Provenance:
Donated in 2022 by Ibuki Hibi Lee, Hisako and Matsusaburo "George" Hibi's daughter.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Japanese American artists  Search this
Japanese Americans -- Forced removal and internment, 1942-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.hibihisa
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96ad4ec94-a26a-44a8-94e1-868fddd32f1d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hibihisa

Claire Falkenstein papers

Creator:
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997  Search this
Names:
Coos Art Museum  Search this
Fresno Art Museum  Search this
Galerie Anderson-Mayer  Search this
Galerie Stadler  Search this
Jack Rutberg Fine Arts (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
John Bolles Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Los Angeles Museum of Art  Search this
Malvina Miller  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Merging One Gallery  Search this
Mills College -- Faculty  Search this
Pond Farm Workshop  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Art  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts -- Faculty  Search this
Green, Ray, 1908-1997  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy, 1898-1979  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
O'Donnell, May, 1906-2004  Search this
Sawyer, Kenneth B.  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Still, Patricia  Search this
Tapie, Michel  Search this
Temko, Allan  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wildenhain, Frans, 1905-1980  Search this
Extent:
42.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Date:
circa 1914-1997
bulk 1940-1990
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, painter, jewelry designer, and teacher Claire Falkenstein measure 42.8 linear feet and date from 1917 to her death in 1997. There is extensive correspondence with fellow artists, collectors, critics, friends, museums, and galleries. The collection also contains biographical materials, much of it collected and organized by Falkenstein, personal and business records, writings, diaries, exhibition files, commission files, teaching files, photographs, original artwork, scrapbooks, and printed materials. There is a short motion picture film of an interview with Falkenstein featuring the windows she designed for St. Basil's Church in Los Angeles.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor, painter, jewelry designer, and teacher Claire Falkenstein measure 42.8 linear feet and date from 1917 to her death in 1997. There is extensive correspondence with fellow artists, collectors, critics, friends, museums, and galleries. The collection also contains biographical materials, much of it collected and organized by Falkenstein, personal and business records, writings, diaries, exhibition files, commission files, teaching files, photographs, original artwork, scrapbooks, and printed materials. There is a short motion picture film of an interview with Falkenstein featuring the windows she designed for St. Basil's Church in Los Angeles.

Biographical material includes appointment calendars, awards and honorary degrees, interview transcripts, passports, resumes, wills, and scrapbooks. Scrapbooks were compiled by Falkenstein and focus primarily on her exhibitions at the Galerie Stadler and Gallery Meyer in 1959 and 1960. Also of interest are the "biography files" created and arranged by Falkenstein. These files contain material that she personally felt was the most important in documenting her activities each year. They include correspondence, exhibition catalogs, printed material, and invitations.

Measuring nine linear feet, correspondence is extensive and comprehensively documents Falkenstein's work, social life, relationships, and other business and personal activities. Correspondence dates from 1941 to 1997 and includes business letters and correspondence with friends and family. Her communications with friends, family, clients, gallery owners, collectors, museums, publishers, foundations, and grant agencies reveal many of her ideas and techniques. Individual correspondents include Ray Green, Peggy Guggenheim, Katharine Kuh, May O'Donnell, Ken Sawyer, Clyfford and Pat Still, Michel Tapie, Allan Temko, Mark Tobey, and Frans Wildenhain. Gallery and museum correspondence is with the San Francisco Museum of Art, Coos Art Museum, Los Angeles Museum of Art, Galerie Stadler (Paris), Gallery Mayer (Paris), Malvina Miller (New York), Martha Jackson Gallery (New York), Jack Rutberg Fine Arts (Los Angeles), Galerie Anderson-Mayer (Paris), and Bolles Gallery. Correspondence is also found in the Commission Files and Exhibition Files.

Personal and business records contain a wide variety of material documenting Falkenstein's business, financial, legal, professional, and personal transactions. Files are found for sales and prices, art inventories, smaller jewelry commissions, her work as a juror, her business with galleries, legal affairs and contracts, expenses, records of arts organizations to which she belonged, conferences, grants and fellowships, studio and house renovations, her Paris studio and Paris expenses, travel, donations, loans and consignments, conservation, art shipping, insurance, and taxes. Oversized visitor's logs contain comments from visitors to Falkenstein's studio in Venice, California.

Falkenstein maintained comprehensive documentation of her exhibitions from her first exhibition in the 1930s to the last one at the Merging One Gallery in 1996. Files include both a chronological record and individual record for nearly all of her exhibitions. Found with the files are correspondence, photographs, loan and shipping records, catalogs, announcements, clippings, articles, and other records. Most of the photographs related to exhibitions are found in the Photographs Series. The files for exhibitions at the Fresno Art Museum, Martha Jackson Gallery and Jack Rutberg Fine Art Gallery are particularly rich.

Commission files document nearly all of Falkenstein's public and private large-scale projects and often contain a visual record of the work, as well as correspondence, design notes, contracts, and expense reports. There is documentation of the St. Basils Church windows in Los Angeles; the Peggy Guggenheim gate in Venice, Italy; and the fountain at the California Savings and Loan, in Los Angeles; and many others. There is also a chronological record of her commissions. The bulk of the photographs of commissions are found in the Photograph series. Also, most of Falkenstein's jewelry design commissions are found in the Personal and Business Records series.

Falkenstein's work as a prolific writer, particularly in the 1940s and 1950s, is well-documented here through her numerous published articles in Arts and Architecture magazine, and the New York Herald-Tribune. Her work for Arts and Architecture was primarily written for the "Art Comments from San Francisco" section. She was living in Paris when she contributed an art news column to the New York Herald-Tribune. Also found here are five diaries and one journal dating from circa 1929-1978. The entries are inconsistent and concern mostly travel. The diaries from 1929 and 1934 are more personal. Falkenstein also maintained extensive notes and notebooks about artwork ideas, observations about art, research, and even drafts of letters. There are also many notes about various topics, including art and class notes. Additional writings are eclectic and cover a wide range of topics, including music, poetry, the script for Falkestein's film entitled Touching the Quick, and drafts of her unpublished book on murals. A handful of writings by others are found, most with annotations by Falkenstein.

Teaching files include Falkenstein's numerous lectures given while teaching at Mills College, Pond Farm Workshops, and California School of Fine Arts, and various symposiums and conferences. Also found are lesson plans, contracts, scattered correspondence, and notes. The files on her tenure at the Pond Farm Workshops are particularly interesting, with notes about her fellow teacher Frans Wildenhain and correspondence with workshop owners, Jane and Gordon Herr.

There are extensive photographs of Falkenstein, her family and friends, colleagues, commissions, exhibitions, and works of art. Included are many images of Falkenstein, of Falkenstien with her art, of Falkentstien working, and of Falkenstein's studio. There are numerous photographs of Falkenstein with friends, family, and colleagues in social or work settings. Also found are photographs of exhibition openings, installation views, and works of art exhibited. Additional photographs document Falkenstein's commissions, including images of her at work. Additional images of commissions may also be found in the Commission Series, but the bulk are filed here. There are numerous photographs of Falkenstein's works of art, including drawings, sculpture, jewelry, murals, lamps, and ceramics.

Falkenstein's papers include a large amount of sketches, sketchbooks, and drawings. Many of the sketches and drawings relate to her ideas about commissions and large sculpture, jewelry designs, and general sketches. Sketches are also found in the Commission Files. Also included are drawings by Mark Tobey and Michel Tapie, and others.

Finally, printed materials include general exhibition catalogs, newspapers clippings, and clippings of articles by and about Falkenstein. Also included are books that have been inscribed and signed by the author.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 9 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1934-1997 (Box 1-4, 41; 4.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1931-1997 (Box 5-13; 9 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal and Business Records, 1936-1997 (Box 14-17, 41, 46-49; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibitions, 1930-1996 (Box 18-21, 42, OV 50; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 5. Commissions, 1930-1992 (Box 21-22, OV 50-54 ; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 6: Writings, circa 1929-1993 (Box 22-26, 42, 55; 4.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Teaching Files, 1929-1995 (Box 26; .8 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1917-1997 (Box 27-35, 43, 55-56; 9.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Artwork, circa 1937-1995 (Box 36-37, 44, 57; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 10: Printed Materials, circa 1914-1990 (Box 37-40, 45, 58; 3.9 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Claire Falkenstein (1908-1997) spent the majority of her life working as an artist, sculptor, jewelry designer, teacher, and writer in California.

Claire Falkenstein was born in 1908 and grew up in Coos Bay, Oregon. In 1920, Falkenstein and her family moved to Berkeley, California, where she attended high school and then college at the University of California at Berkeley, studying philosophy, anthropology, and art. She graduated in 1930. Falkenstein had her first solo show at the East-West Gallery in San Francisco in 1930, the only member of her class to have an exhibition before graduation.

During the early 1930s, Falkenstein studied at Mills College with modernist sculptor Alexander Archipenko. There she also met Bauhaus artists Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Gyorgy Kepes. Falkenstein married her high school sweetheart, Richard McCarthy in 1936.

In 1944, Falkenstein had her first New York exhibition at the Bonestall Gallery. At that time, Falkenstein's primary mediums were stone and wood. However, she became increasingly experimental with new materials that included sheet aluminum, Cor-Ten steel, glass, plastics, and welded wire rods while maintaining a connection to organic and natural forms. Her work in jewelry design was an outlet for exploring these new materials, forms, and techniques on a small scale. As her work grew physically larger, so did her recognition and it was her work in sculpture that won her a faculty appointment at the California School of Fine Arts from 1947-1949. It was here that she met Patricia and Clyfford Still, Hassel Smith, and Richard Diebenkorn.

In 1948, Falkenstein was invited to exhibit at the Salon des Realites Nouvelle in Paris, her first European show. She eventually moved to Europe in 1950 and had studios in Paris, Venice, and Rome. While in Europe, Falkenstein executed a number of large scale commissions, including the stair screen for Galerie Stadler (1955), grotto gates for Princess Pignatelli's villa in Rome (1957), and the bronze, steel, and the glass gate at the Peggy Guggenheim Museum in Venice (1961). While in Paris, she became acquainted with noted art critic Michel Tapie, with whom she maintained a life-long friendship.

During the 1940s and 1950s Falkenstein was a regular contributor to Arts and Architecture magazine, most often writing the "Art Comments from San Francisco" section. While in Paris, she also wrote a column on art news for the New York Herald Tribune.

Falkenstein returned to the United States in 1962, eventually renovating a studio space in Venice, California. It was here that she conceived her largest commissions. In 1965, Falkenstein received a commission from the California Savings and Loan to create a sculpture for a large fountain at the front of the bank in downtown Los Angeles. The copper tube fountain, entitled "Structure and Flow #2," was the first of many large scale public art commissions that Falkenstein completed during her years in California. Her most important commission in the United States, completed in 1969, was for the doors, rectory gates and grills and stained-glass windows for St. Basil's Church on Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles. The eight doors and fifteen rectory screens, including 80 foot high windows in the nave, were an expansion of the "never ending screen" concept that Falkenstein executed with the Pignatelli commission in Rome. She continued to use this motif in her work throughout her career.

Claire Falkenstein worked as an arts instructor, visiting artist, and guest lecturer at many colleges, workshops, and schools in California. Her first position was at Mills College from 1946-1947. Shortly thereafter, she was appointed to the faculty at the California School of Fine Arts and later taught in the Extension Divisions of the University of California, Berkeley. She taught classes at California State Polytechnic University, California State University at Davis, and the Anna Head School. Falkenstein also taught art at the Pond Farm Workshops in California, and lectured at numerous colleges and museums. She served on many juried art shows in Southern California.

Falkenstein was acquainted with many artists, writers, instructors, collectors, gallery owners, and critics. Close friends included Esther and Bob Robles, Clyfford and Patricia Still, Michel Tapie, Allan Temko, Mark Tobey, Frans Wildenhain, and other notable figures in the art world.

Falkenstein continued to complete large scale private and public commissioned sculptures during the 1960s through the 1980s, including work for the University of Southern California, Hyland Biological Laboratory, California State University at Dominquez Hills and the California State Department of Motor Vehicles. Throughout her career, Falkenstein's work was featured in numerous exhibitions across the country. Her sculpture and other artwork can be found in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Coos Art Museum, Harvard University Art Museum, University of Southern California Fisher Museum of Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Tate Gallery.

Falkenstein died in 1997 at the age of 89.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds two oral history interviews with Claire Falkenstein. The interview on April 13, 1965 was conducted by Betty Hoag and the one on March 2 and 21, 1995 was conducted by Paul Karlstrom.
Provenance:
The Claire Falkenstein papers were donated in 1997 by Steffan Wacholtz and Nancy Kendall, trustees for the Claire Falkenstein Trust.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- California  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Jewelers -- California  Search this
Educators -- California  Search this
Authors -- California  Search this
Topic:
Art patronage  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women designers  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Citation:
Claire Falkenstein papers, circa 1914-1997, bulk 1940-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.falkclai
See more items in:
Claire Falkenstein papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9911c74ff-413b-4b54-9280-89c8b0480495
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-falkclai
Online Media:

Alice Brown Chittenden papers

Creator:
Chittenden, Alice Brown, 1859 or 60-1944  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1860-1974
Summary:
The scattered papers of painter Alice Brown Chittenden measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1860 to 1974. Found are biographical material, correspondence, drawings by Chittenden and others, an inventory of works of art, photographs and albums, printed material, and a clippings scrapbook.
Scope and Contents:
The scattered papers of painter Alice Brown Chittenden measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1860 to 1974. Found are biographical material, correspondence, drawings by Chittenden and others, an inventory of works of art, photographs and albums, printed material, and a clippings scrapbook.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Brown Chittenden (1859-1944) was a painter active in San Francisco, California. She is known for her paintings of flowers and California wildflowers. Additionally, she taught painting at the Hopkins Art School (later the California School of Design) and the California School of Fine Arts.
Provenance:
Donated 1974 by Virginia Larribeau, granddaughter of Alice B. Chittenden.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Citation:
Alice Brown Chittenden papers, 1860-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.chitalic
See more items in:
Alice Brown Chittenden papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95358003a-a774-46bb-b9dd-bb72ad9a85bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chitalic

Oral history interview with Lita Albuquerque

Interviewee:
Albuquerque, Lita  Search this
Interviewer:
Clearwater, Bonnie, 1957-  Search this
Extent:
156 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 July 9-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Lita Albuquerque conducted 1990 July 9-19, by Bonnie Clearwater, for the Archives of American Art.
Albuquerque tells of her Sephardic, Turkish, and Spanish heritage; growing up in Carthage, Tunisia; arrival in the U.S. in 1957; art history studies at UCLA in the 1960s; early influence on her work of James Turrell, Eric Orr, Guy Dill, Larry Bell, and the Los Angeles Woman's Building; later influence of Zen meditation; travel in India; use of figures and abstract symbols in public commissions; second marriage to Carey Peck; teaching at the Art Center College of Design.
Biographical / Historical:
Lita Albuquerque (1946- ) is a painter from California.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 8 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Installation artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Environmental artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.albuqu90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97123afad-bb50-410a-84f6-ed363b6bcc66
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-albuqu90
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Judy Chicago

Interviewee:
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
Interviewer:
Richards, Judith Olch  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
LewAllen Contemporary (Gallery)  Search this
Bergen, Jeffrey, 1955-  Search this
Bullard, E. John (Edgar John), 1942-  Search this
Copeland, John  Search this
Dobbins, Norman  Search this
Dobbins, Ruth  Search this
Flack, Audrey  Search this
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
LaMonte, Karen, 1967-  Search this
Lemon, Jack  Search this
LewAllen, Arlene  Search this
Lu, Jie, 1958-  Search this
Lucie-Smith, Edward  Search this
Marisol, 1930-2016  Search this
McFadden, David Revere  Search this
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Perkins, Flo  Search this
Pruitt, Tom  Search this
Rodee, Susannah  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold, 1906-1978  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-2002  Search this
Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-  Search this
Semmel, Joan, 1932-  Search this
Taylor, Mary, 1947-  Search this
Thompson, Viki D., 1947-  Search this
Woodman, Donald  Search this
Youdelman, Nancy, 1948-  Search this
Extent:
74 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2009 August 7-8
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Judy Chicago conducted 2009 August 7 and 8, by Judith Olch Richards, for the Archives of American Art, at Chicago's home and studio, in Belen, New Mexico.
Chicago speaks of her work since the late 1980s, having previously discussed her early life and works; printmaking projects with various print studios around the country; giving archived documents to important museums; creating a foundation with her husband Donald Woodman to protect the legacy of their art; the non-profit organization she started in 1978, Through the Flower; her studio practices and her most practiced techniques; keeping a regular schedule; her interest in collaborative projects such as The Dinner Party [1974-1979], the Birth Project [1980-1985], the Holocaust Project [1985-1993] and Resolutions: A Stitch in Time [1994-2000]; working with various textile and glass artists; feeling a kin with other female artists, like Nikki de Saint Phalle and Marisol Escobar; the responsibility she feels to share underrepresented information; her enjoyment of the process of making art and the hope that she creates art that is not bound by time; her relationships with galleries though the years including the ACA Galleries in New York and LewAllen Contemporary in Santa Fe; her intention in making art was not create proactive or controversial art; various teaching positions; her interest in combining text and images in works like Song of Songs [1997-1999]; her more current interest in glass; experimenting with the techniques of casting and etching to achieve her desired images; her want to change institutional policies that underrepresent women artists in museums and the absence of images of women by women artists. Chicago also recalls Henry Hopkins, Mary Ross Taylor, Susannah Rodee, John Bullard, Jack Lemon, Alice Neel, Edward Lucie-Smith, John Copeland, Harold Rosenberg, Carolee Schneemann, Jeffery Bergen, Audrey Flack, Joan Semmel, Nancy Youdelman, David McFadden, Viki Thomson Wylder, Tom Pruitt, Arlene LewAllen, Flo Perkins, Norman and Ruth Dobbins, Karen LaMonte, Lu Jie and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Interviewee Judy Chicago (1939- ) is a feminist artist and author who lives and works in Belen, New Mexico. Interviewer Judith Olch Richards (1947- ) is former executive director of iCI in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 compact discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Installation artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Performance artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Educators -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Feminism and art  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women performance artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios -- New Mexico
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.chicag09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw928399961-f9b0-4d50-8a17-8cf441459e13
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chicag09
Online Media:

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