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Shanthi, Asian Elephant, Donated to NZP by Sri Lanka

Subject:
Challinor, David  Search this
Carter, Rosalynn  Search this
Carter, Amy  Search this
Reed, Theodore H  Search this
Kanakaratne, Neville  Search this
Bandaranaike, Sirimavo  Search this
Gunaratne, Punitha  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Bicentennial of the American Revolution  Search this
Place:
Sri Lanka
Date:
April 2 1977
Topic:
Shanthi (Elephant)  Search this
Elephants  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11379

The National Zoological Park: From Its Beginnings to 1973

Author:
Hamlet, Sybil E  Search this
Subject:
Blackburne, William H  Search this
Hornaday, William Temple 1854-1937  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Mann, William M. 1886-1960  Search this
Reed, Theodore H  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Living Animals  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Date:
1985
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Grounds  Search this
Facilities  Search this
Publisher:
Unpublished manuscript
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3179

Records

Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Extent:
38.22 cu. ft. (39 document boxes) (1 half document box) (5 12x17 boxes) (23 16x20 boxes) (3 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Serials (publications)
Clippings
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Scrapbooks
Brochures
Picture postcards
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Posters
Drawings
Illustrations
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Architectural drawings
Date:
1899-1988 and undated, with material from 1805
Descriptive Entry:
The records of the National Zoological Park, Office of Public Affairs were for the most part created and maintained by Sybil E. Hamlet, Public Information Officer at NZP for over twenty years. Also included are some general correspondence and memoranda created by Hamlet's predecessor, Marion McCrane.

As Public Information Officer, Hamlet was responsible for gathering and disseminating information about NZP's events, collections, and programs to the media and the general public. She garnered a great deal of information about animal births, deaths, breeding, and acquisitions from the daily and weekly animal reports written by the keepers, which are included in these records as series 1. Other data that Hamlet collected about animals at NZP and other zoos, including clippings, photographs, and manuscripts, can be found in the animal information files. This series (4) is an especially rich source of information on the arrival of and the public reaction to the two giant pandas, "Ling-Ling" and "Hsing Hsing."

A large portion of Hamlet's job was answering requests for information about animals and zoos from both the public at large and from other members of the zoo profession. Samples of incoming correspondence and the replies of Hamlet, her predecessor Marion McCrane, and other staff in the Public Affairs Office, can be found in series 5 and 6. Series 5 contains requests for information solely about animals, while series 6 is concerned with requests for photographs, guidebooks, maps, and more general information about NZP and zoo careers.

The general subject files (series 3) document the research and activities of the Office of Public Affairs not directly related to the animal collections at NZP. Other aspects of Hamlet's work as Public Information Officer can be seen in the memoranda and correspondence in this series concerning the planning and execution of special events at the zoo. Writing signs and labels for the zoo was another duty of the Office of Public Affairs until the Office of Graphics and Exhibits was created in 1974; series 2 contains drafts of text for those signs, including maps showing the geographic range of the animals described.

The more administrative side of the Office of Public Affairs is documented in series 7, which contains internal memoranda concerning such things as chain of command during leaves of absence, personnel issues, and commendations for exceptional performance by Public Affairs staff and other NZP staff assisting with Public Affairs activities.

In 1978, Sybil Hamlet was delegated a two-year assignment of researching and writing the history of the National Zoological Park. Series 8 contains all the notes, articles, correspondence, manuscripts, and clippings she used in order to create her manuscript, "The National Zoological Park from Its Beginnings to 1973." Three drafts of the manuscript are included, along with an index to one of the drafts. The manuscript was never published.

Another fine source for information about past events and animals at NZP is the large number of scrapbooks that make up series 12. Clippings about NZP people, animals, collection expeditions, and events were saved from 1924 to 1978, along with original photographs (black and white and color) in some albums. Twelve of these scrapbooks are devoted to the giant pandas, and four solely to obituaries for "Smokey Bear." A small collection of glass lantern slides and photographs can be found in series 9. The lantern slides were probably taken in the London Zoological Gardens at the turn of the century, and the photographs (both black and white and color) are images of NZP and its animals. Original artwork, primarily of "Smokey Bear" and of the giant pandas, make up series 10; series 11 contains architectural drawings and maps of NZP grounds and buildings.
Historical Note:
The Office of Public Affairs did not exist as an administrative entity at the National Zoological Park (NZP) until 1978. Prior to the early 1960s, dissemination of information about NZP programs, activities, and animals to the public and the media was carried out by the staff of the Office of the Director. In 1962, zoologist Marion McCrane was hired to head the Information and Education Division at NZP. In addition to handling public affairs, the division also created signs and labels for NZP exhibits. When McCrane resigned in December 1968, Sybil E. Hamlet was named acting head and later head of the office.

In 1972, Information and Education was reorganized and became the Division of Interpretation, with Saul W. Schiffman as chief of the division. The new division's duties were expanded to include exhibit production. In 1974, information and education work was again separated from exhibits production by the creation of the Office of Education and Information and the Office of Graphics and Exhibits. Judith White was named chief of the Office of Education and Information in 1975. This office was renamed the Office of Education in 1978, when information duties were transferred to the newly established Office of Public Affairs.

The Office of Public Affairs was headed by Patricia Hurley in 1978, and Robert J. Hoage became chief of the office in 1979. With the assistance of Sybil Hamlet and Michael Morgan, the Office of Public Affairs continued to provide general information about NZP programs and activities to the public and the media, as well as organizing and coordinating special events at NZP.
Oversize:
This collection contains oversize material.
Topic:
Smokey Bear  Search this
Giant panda  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Serials (publications)
Clippings
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Scrapbooks
Brochures
Picture postcards
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Posters
Drawings
Illustrations
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Architectural drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 365
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0365
Online Media:

Box 12

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1009

Folder 1 Cap-chur gun, 1961-1962 and undated

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1017

Folder 2 Closed-circuit television for pandas, 1972-1973

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1029

Folder 3 Commemorative benches, 1976, 1979

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1041

Folder 4 Congressional funding, 1977-1978. Includes press releases, articles, and budget information.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1053

Folders 5-6 Curators' meeting minutes, 1973-1974

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1066

Folder 7 Cage plan for nocturnal animals, 1968

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1078

Folder 8 DePrato, Mario (?-?). Consists of notes about snakes, 1963-1967 and undated.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1090

Folder 9 Diet A, 1956, 1964 and undated

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1102

Folder 10 Diploma from Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904. Consists of 1965 memorandum acknowledging receipt of the diploma.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1114

Folder 11 Directors of NZP, undated. Contains lists of directors and other important NZP people over the years.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1126

Folder 12 Division titles, 1981 and undated

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1139

Folder 13 DZR publications bibliography, undated

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1151

Folder 14 Eisenberg, John F. (1935- ). Contains manuscripts, 1965-1968, 1971-1972 and undated.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1163

Folder 15 "Electrical Communication," undated. Contains draft of slide show script by David A. Hounshell.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1175

Folder 16 Endangered species at NZP, 1972, 1974. Includes list of endangered animals at NZP.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1187

Folder 17 "The Enormous Egg," 1967-1968, and undated. Concerns filming of the NBC Children's Theater special. See also Uncle Beazley, Series 8, Box 36, folder 16.

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park. Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, CIRCA 1868-1988 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0365-refidd1e1199

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