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How Eleanor Roosevelt Redefined the Role of First Lady

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-12-26T16:30:01.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_XtNDAmYQwHg

Mary McLeod Bethune

Artist:
Betsy Graves Reyneau, 1888 - 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Mary McLeod Bethune, 10 Jul 1875 - 18 May 1955  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 114.9 x 89.5 x 2.5cm (45 1/4 x 35 1/4 x 1")
Frame: 133.4 x 108 x 6.4cm (52 1/2 x 42 1/2 x 2 1/2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1943
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Female  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Harmon Foundation
Object number:
NPG.67.78
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Peter Edward Fayard
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1930-1960
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 321
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ee515c6d-2679-449b-a721-6b43ad1bdd4a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.67.78

Mary McLeod Bethune

Artist:
Winold Reiss, 16 Sep 1886 - 29 Aug 1953  Search this
Sitter:
Mary McLeod Bethune, 10 Jul 1875 - 18 May 1955  Search this
Medium:
Pastel on board
Dimensions:
75.9 x 54.8cm (29 7/8 x 21 9/16"), Accurate
Frame: 89.5 × 68.4 × 3.3cm (35 1/4 × 26 15/16 × 1 5/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1925
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Brooch  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Female  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; purchase funded by Lawrence A. Fleischman and Howard Garfinkle with a matching grant from the National Endowment for the Arts
Object number:
NPG.72.75
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
The Struggle for Justice Refresh
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 220
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm439e0d1a8-54b9-4e58-b148-a4f45384c598
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.72.75

Bibliographies, Biographies, and Resumes

Collection Creator:
White, Charles, 1918-1979  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1941-circa 1975
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles W. White papers, 1933-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles W. White papers
Charles W. White papers / Series 1: Biographical Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93d341657-9dcb-4c11-98ea-f84e1e6f538a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-whitchar-ref20
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Bendix Trophy Race, 1953

Collection Creator:
Bendix Corporation.  Search this
Bendix Aviation Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1953
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Bendix Air Races Collection, Acc. NASM.1988.0115, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Bendix Air Races Collection
Bendix Air Races Collection / Series 2: Bendix Trophy Races by Year
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2553ffba6-fb3e-437f-ac32-e47565cdaff5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1988-0115-ref576
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National Youth Administration

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Container:
Reel 5217, Frame 496-499
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Rockwell Kent papers / Series 1: Alphabetical Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw909ab68eb-78a1-43c7-894f-9fa62b206230
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref2714

[Scrap Book - "Capt. Mary Charles"]

Collection Creator:
Charles, Mary  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1966
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Mary Charles Collection, Accession XXXX-0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Mary Charles Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2fae53444-b490-42f7-b194-e2275e17213c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0011-ref25
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  • View [Scrap Book -

Miscellaneous Documents

Collection Creator:
Knabenshue, A. Roy (Augustus Roy), 1876-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0136, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection / Series 6: Miscellaneous
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23697c5f5-1e67-4496-a76c-2056527ff6dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0136-ref160
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Correspondence--Material originally grouped together by Hattie when the collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 2: Soaring and Gliding
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ced2d7cd-08ef-4af2-8a29-779f54fb9902
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref122
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collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum digital asset number 1
  • View Correspondence--Material originally grouped together by Hattie when the
collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum digital asset number 2
  • View Correspondence--Material originally grouped together by Hattie when the
collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum digital asset number 3
  • View Correspondence--Material originally grouped together by Hattie when the
collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum digital asset number 4

Newspaper and Journal Articles: General

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 3: General materials of Hattie Meyers Junkin
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f9c2563e-5c4a-47d6-abbb-276111be86a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref141
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  • View Newspaper and Journal Articles: General digital asset number 1

Graduation

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.1: United States Military Academy (West Point, NY), Cadet
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg25939585b-0466-43d6-8f88-6fc38db63d72
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1800
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Newspaper clippings

Collection Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Lee Ya-Ching Papers / Series 2: Professional
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c0f4730c-90e6-4395-8d62-69d61e6813ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2008-0009-ref115
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  • View Newspaper clippings digital asset number 1

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Isaacs, Reginald R., 1911-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1936-1986, undated
Scope and Contents note:
Correspondents from 1936 to 1940 include Frank Lloyd Wright and the Chicago Planning Commission. Records from these years also include performance appraisals from the Federal Security Agency's National Youth Administration.

1941 to 1945 correspondents include Marcel Breuer on the purchase of a Fernand Leger painting; Walter Blucher on the Michael Reese Hospital project; Hubert H. Humphrey; Mies van der Rohe; the Federal Works Agency's United States Housing Authority; and the National Housing Agency regarding notification of personnel action.

1946 to 1950 correspondence concerns the Michael Reese Hospital project; Rexford G. Tugwell; the University of Chicago regarding enrolling for a Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology; and activities as a panel speaker for the Citizens' Housing and Planning Council of Detroit.

Correspondents from 1951 to 1955 include Hubert H. Humphrey, Leon Eugene Arnal, Jose Luis Sert, Rafael Pico, Earl H. Reed, Chester Nagel, Edward Everett Horton's (autograph), Christian Herter, Leverett Saltonstall, Nathan M. Pusey (President of Harvard University on Urban Renewal project), Peter Nash, Walter H. Blucher, and Lewis Mumford. The records also contain correspondence with Adlai Stevenson on nominating Ferd Kramer for an award; and letters of congratulations on appointment as the Charles Dyer Norton Professor of Regional Planning and Chairman of the Regional Planning and Landscape Architecture Department of Harvard University.

Correspondents from 1956 to 1960 include William F. Buckley, Jr., on Dr. von Mises', Jose Luis Sert, Lewis Mumford, Edwin S. Burdell, President of The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, Lewis Mumford, Jasper D. Ward (Architect of General Electric Company) on the project "Research for Living," Rexford G. Tugwell, Leverett Saltonstall, Hubert H. Humphrey, John F. Kennedy, Paul Douglas on Senator John Sparkman's bill S. 1230, Candido Oliveras (Chairman of the Puerto Rico Planning Board on the Southern Metropolitan Area Project), Fernando Belaunde Terry, and Richard M. Bennett.

1961 to 1965 correspondents include John A. Holabird on an urban design project, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Fernando Belaunde Terry, and Francois C. Vigier.

1966 to 1970 correspondents include Lewis Mumford, Walter F. Bogner, and Abraham A. Ribicoff.

Correspondents from 1966 to 1970 include Everett McKinley Dirksen, Ralph M. Paiewonsky (Governor of the Virgin Islands), Hubert H. Humphrey, Jorge Ricardo Riba (Director of Instituto de Vivienda y Urbanismo in Panama), and Luis A. Ferre (Governor of Puerto Rico).

Correspondents from 1971 to 1975 include Fernando Belaunde Terry, and Frank O. Gehry which includes the publication Children and the City, by Olga Adams.

1976-1980 correspondents include William Saltzman, Newton S. Friedman, Arete Publishing Company, Inc. on manuscripts for an encyclopedia, and The Free Press on biographies for the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects.

1981-1985 correspondents include Jeffrey Potter on Jackson Pollock, Kazuhiko Satani of the Satani Gallery in Tokyo, Ati (Beate) Gropius Johansen, Norma Farber, Fernando Belaunde Terry, William W. Nash, Jr., Newton S. Friedman, Leone Blooston, Bruno Zevi, Robert Rosenthal, Chester Nagel, Howard Henry, Harry Seidler, and Ferd Kramer.

1986 correspondence includes sympathy cards to Charlotte Aldes Isaacs.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Reginald R. Isaacs papers, circa 1842-1991, bulk 1928-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.isaaregi, Subseries 4.1
See more items in:
Reginald R. Isaacs papers
Reginald R. Isaacs papers / Series 4: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90e14f2ad-6b97-47d6-9c78-e01dea5cce07
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-isaaregi-ref34

Warner, Mrs. Harold Hambridge (Ruth)

Collection Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Container:
Box 100, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1946
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.3: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9660ee723-9462-462d-b9d7-dbee268a881a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jacqself-ref11580
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  • View Warner, Mrs. Harold Hambridge (Ruth) digital asset number 4
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Alma Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Bader, Franz, 1903-1994  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Johnson, Nathalie J. Cole  Search this
Sarg, Tony, 1882-1942  Search this
Tarbary, Celine  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Thomas, J. Maurice (John Maurice), 1900 or 1901-  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1894-2001
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.

Biographical material includes identity cards, chronologies, an audio recording including a biographical account, and scattered documentation of Thomas's education and teaching careers with D.C. Public Schools, Howard University, and Thomas Garrett Settlement in Wilmington, Delaware. Also found are records relating to Thomas's participation in a summer marionette class taught by Tony Sarg in 1934, and a tour of European art centers which Thomas took in 1958.

Letters relate primarily to the exhibition of Thomas's work and related events and are from galleries, museums, other art institutions, colleagues, and friends including Franz Bader, Adelyn Breeskin, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Howard University Gallery of Art, Martha Jackson Gallery, Nathalie J. Cole Johnson, Vincent Melzac, Celine Tabary, and Joshua Taylor.

Notes and writings include four notebooks and autobiographical writings by Thomas, a "Birthday Book," and an annotated engagement calendar. J. Maurice Thomas's writings about Alma Thomas, her research for a bibliography on James Weldon Johnson, and writings by others, including Jacob Kainen, about Alma Thomas, are also found here.

Exhibition files contain a wide variety of documentation for many group and solo exhibitions of Thomas's work from the early 1950s through a 1998-2000 traveling retrospective exhibition, including solo exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1972. The records include letters from Franz Bader Gallery, David Driskell at Fisk University, and Vincent Melzac. Photographs include Thomas with individuals including William Buckner, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, James W. Herring, and Vincent Melzac. Also found is a photograph of the 1951 Little Paris Studio Group picturing Lois Mailou Jones, Celine Tabary, Alma Thomas, and others. Two video recordings are of events related to the 1998-2000 retrospective at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Columbus Museum of Art. Records documenting a 1981-1982 exhibition at the Smithsonian National Museum of American Art, A Life in Art: Alma Thomas, includes the script of a video written by Adolphus Ealey.

Personal business records include price lists, gift and loan receipts, and files concerning the Art in Embassies Program, the Martha Jackson Gallery, a benefit auction for the Corcoran School of Art, and the designation of the Thomas family home in Washington, D.C. as a historic property.

Eleven scrapbooks document Thomas's teaching career through the activities of the art classes she taught at Shaw Junior High School.

Printed materials include announcements and catalogs for exhibitions and other events; clippings which document Thomas's career and subjects of interest to her; Christmas cards featuring block prints designed by Thomas; and other programs and publications featuring Thomas.

Photographs are of Alma Thomas, family, and friends and colleagues including Sam Gilliam, James V. Herring, and Nathalie V. Cole Johnson; art classes taught by Thomas; Thomas's homes in Columbus, Georgia and Washington, D.C.; and exhibitions not documented in Series 4: Exhibition Files, including photographs of Alma Thomas at an opening at Barnett Aden Gallery with Alonzo Aden and others.
Arrangement note:
The papers have been arranged into 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1911-2001 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Letters, circa 1930-2001 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1920s-circa 1998 (Box 2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1951-2000 (Boxes 2-3, OV 7; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1950s-1994 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1908-2000 (Boxes 3-5, OV 7; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1930-1946 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1894-2001 (Boxes 5-6; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas (1891-1978) was known for her abstract paintings filled with dense patterns of color, and was considered a major artist of the Washington Color School.

Thomas was born in Columbus, Georgia, in 1894, and was the eldest of the four daughters of John Harris Thomas and Amelia Cantey Thomas. The family moved to Washington, D.C. in 1906 and Thomas was first introduced to art classes at Armstrong Technical High School. Following her graduation in 1911 she took a course in kindergarten teaching at the Miner Normal School, and subsequently worked as a substitute teacher in the Washington, D.C. public school system until 1914, when she took a teaching position on the Eastern shore of Maryland. From 1916 to 1923 she taught kindergarten at Thomas Garrett Settlement House in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thomas originally enrolled at Howard University in Washington, D.C. as a home economics major in 1921, but after studying under Lois Mailou Jones amd James V. Herring in Herring's newly established art department, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Fine Art in 1924, and became the first person to graduate from the program. Thomas then began her teaching career at Shaw Junior High School in Washington, D.C. that lasted from 1924, until her retirement in 1960. During this time she established community arts programs that would encourage her students to develop an appreciation of fine arts. Activities included marionette programs, distribution of student-designed holiday menu cards for dinners given for soldiers at the Tuskegee Veterans' Hospital, art clubs, lectures, and student exhibitions. In 1943 she became the founding vice president of Barnett Aden Gallery, which was established by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden and was the first integrated gallery in Washington, D.C.

In 1934 Thomas earned an M.A. degree in Art Education from Columbia University. At American University in Washington, D.C., she studied creative painting under Joe Summerford, Robert Gates, and Jacob Kainen from 1950 to 1960, and began to break away from representational painting and experiment more seriously with Abstract Expressionism. In 1958 she participated in a tour of the art centers of Western Europe under the auspices of the Tyler School of Fine Arts at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Following her retirement from teaching in 1960, Thomas devoted herself full-time to painting, and continued to develop her signature style. She was inspired by nature and the desire to express beauty through composition and color, and refused to be constrained by societal expectations related to her race, gender, and age, achieving her greatest success in the last decade of her life. Her work was exhibited at the Dupont Theatre Art Gallery, Franz Bader Gallery, and the Howard University Gallery of Art, before she was honored in 1972 with exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Thomas's work has been exhibited at the White House and can be found in the permanent collections of major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Separated Materials note:
In 1979, J. Maurice Thomas loaned papers for microfilming. Most, but not all, of the loaned material was later donated and is described in this finding aid. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are available on reels 1541-1543 and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
J. Maurice Thomas, the artist's sister, loaned portions of the collection for microfilming in 1979. Most, but not all of this material was then later donated in several accretions by J. Maurice Thomas, between 1979 and 2004. Charles Thomas Lewis, Thomas' nephew, gave additional papers in 2010.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Women painters  Search this
African American educators  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Alma Thomas papers, circa 1894-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.thomalma
See more items in:
Alma Thomas papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98cd54656-ee02-4a0d-81ad-6db24f1be010
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomalma
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Online Media:

Refrigerators and women’s empowerment: The “peaceful revolution” of rural electrification

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 20 Oct 2021 21:05:53 +0000
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more posts:
Blog Feed
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_4e3646aea21c178d7867566cbe1ba7c2

22c Mary McLeod Bethune single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2137
Depicts:
Mary McLeod Bethune, American, 1875 - 1955  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
March 5, 1985
Topic:
Education & Teaching  Search this
The Cold War (1945-1990)  Search this
Black Heritage  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1999.2004.425
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8d763337d-6946-4cbb-9b94-386630b994bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1999.2004.425

Oral history interview with Roswell Weidner, 1989 July 20-27

Interviewee:
Weidner, Roswell T., 1911-1999  Search this
Weidner, Roswell T., 1911-1999  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Subject:
Curran, Mary  Search this
De Mazia, Violette  Search this
Garber, Daniel  Search this
Harding, George  Search this
Laessle, Albert  Search this
McCarter, Henry  Search this
Nuse, Roy Cleveland  Search this
Pierson, Joseph  Search this
Pinto, Angelo  Search this
Speight, Francis  Search this
Thrash, Dox  Search this
Weidner, Marilyn Kemp  Search this
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
United States. National Youth Administration  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12252
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212536
AAA_collcode_weidne89
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212536

National Youth Administration of Illinois

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Education
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Education / Series H3: Education, School Supplements and Curricula
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21fe8c941-1486-486a-8341-587bf539adee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-h-ref2151

National Youth Administration of Illinois, Occupations: Air Transportation

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer H3, Folder 546200-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Education
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Education / Series H3: Education, School Supplements and Curricula / National Youth Administration of Illinois
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2609f7752-a55d-47db-9620-cb8d73d45c22
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-h-ref2152

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