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Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists

Collector:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Photographer:
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (U.S.)  Search this
Gibson Art Galleries  Search this
Harris & Ewing  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Farrar, Richard  Search this
Prokopec, Miroslav  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Names:
Harper & Brothers, printers  Search this
Allen, Harrison, 1841-1897  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Baer, Karl Ernst von, 1792-1876  Search this
Barbour, Erwin Hinckley, 1856-1947 (possible photographer)  Search this
Bertillon, Alphonse, 1853-1914  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Broca, Paul, 1824-1880  Search this
Cobb, W. Montague (William Montague), 1904-1990  Search this
Corrêa, A. A. Mendes (Antonio Augusto Mendes), 1888-1960  Search this
Dubois, Eugène, 1858-1940  Search this
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Giuffrida-Ruggeri, V. (Vincenzo), 1872-1922  Search this
Goldstein, Marcus S. (Marcus Solomon), 1906-  Search this
Gorjanović-Kramberger, Dragutin, 1856-1936  Search this
Haddon, Alfred C. (Alfred Cort), 1855-1940  Search this
Harvey, William, 1578-1657  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert, 1887-1954  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972  Search this
León, Nicolás, 1859-1929  Search this
Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947  Search this
Manouvrier, L. (Léonce), 1850-1927  Search this
Meigs, James Aitken, 1829-1879  Search this
Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1857-1935  Search this
Purkyně, Jan Evangelista, 1787-1869  Search this
Retzius, A. (Anders), 1796-1860  Search this
Retzius, Gustaf, 1842-1919  Search this
Schultz, Adolph H. (Adolph Hans), 1891-  Search this
Schwalbe, Gustav Albert, 1844-1916  Search this
Sergi, Giuseppe, 1841-1936  Search this
Sims, J. Marion (James Marion), 1813-1883  Search this
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Todd, T. Wingate (Thomas Wingate), 1885-1938  Search this
Virchow, Rudolf, 1821-1902  Search this
Wyman, Jeffries, 1814-1874  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (engraving)
2 Prints (chalk manner lithograph)
3 Prints (etching)
23 photomechanical prints (halftone, photogravure, and collotype)
152 Photographic prints (silver gelatin and albumen)
8 copy prints
6 copy negatives
1 Print (offset lithography)
1 Print (probably chromolithograph)
11 Negatives (acetate)
3 Drawings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photomechanical prints
Photographic prints
Copy prints
Copy negatives
Negatives
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to physical anthropologists from around the 19th and 20th centuries in Europe and the United States. Many of the photographs depict Smithsonian staff, particularly Ales Hrdlicka and T. Dale Stewart, as well as people and artifacts relating to physical anthropology throughout history. Some of the portraits are signed and the collection also includes pamphlets from professional societies, prints mounted for publication, a copy of the Baltimore Sunday Sun relating to Adolph Schultz, and some correspondence.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4822
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Ales Hrdlicka papers, Thomas Dale Stewart papers, and John Lawrence Angel papers.
Additional photographs collected by the Division of Physical Anthropology held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 8 and Photo Lot 83-41.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4822, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4822
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4822

Records, 1949-1964

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
Subject:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
United States Arctic Research Laboratory  Search this
Link Foundation  Search this
Smithsonian Institution National Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board  Search this
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Research Corporatio  Search this
Smithsonian Science Information Exchange  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Centennial  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Century 21 Exposition (1962 : Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Physical description:
167.20 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (324 document boxes) (10 microfilm reels)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Maps
Books
Color transparencies
Brochures
Date:
1949
1949-1964
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000050
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Research Corporation Records 1912-1963 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216658

Records, 1964-1971

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Academic Studies  Search this
Smithsonian Resident Associate Program  Search this
Smithsonian National Associates Program  Search this
Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars  Search this
Renwick Gallery  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Symposia and Seminars  Search this
Yale University  Search this
Peabody Museum of Natural History  Search this
Festival of American Folklife  Search this
Physical description:
297.65 cu. ft. (568 document boxes) (91 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Serials (publications)
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1964
1964-1971
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000099
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Budget Records 1892-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216705

Administrative Records, 1972-1984

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Scientific Event Alert Network (National Museum of Natural History (U.S.))  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Museum Support Center  Search this
Center for African, Near Eastern and Asian Cultures  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Mt. Hopkins Observatory  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Physical description:
511.08 cu. ft. (369 record storage boxes) (236 document boxes) (2 12x17 boxes) (3 16x20 boxes) (141 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1972
1972-1984
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000613
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217173

Joanna Cohan Scherer Papers, 1960-2014

Creator:
Scherer, Joanna Cohan  Search this
Uniform title:
Joanna Cohan Scherer v. S. Dillon Ripley  Search this
Handbook of North American Indians (Monograph)  Search this
Subject:
Scherer, Joanna Cohan  Search this
Kaeppler, Adrienne Lois  Search this
Rose, Carolyn L  Search this
Krupnik, Igor  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Anthropology  Search this
National Anthropological Archives  Search this
Physical description:
13.5 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Clippings
Newspapers
Newsletters
Serials (publications)
Date:
1960
1960-2014
Topic:
Natural history museums  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
Supervision of employees  Search this
Personnel management  Search this
Labor disputes  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Litigation  Search this
Law  Search this
Sexism in science  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 19-190
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398585

Records, circa 1986-1988

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Child Care Advisory Board  Search this
Subject:
Ellsworth, Gretchen Gayle  Search this
Smithsonian Early Enrichment Center  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Child Care Center  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Drawings
Architectural drawings
Date:
1986
1986-1988
circa 1986-1988
Topic:
Child care  Search this
Day care centers  Search this
Educational planning  Search this
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Early childhood education  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 97-164
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_252031

Photographs of Saul Riesenberg's retirement party

Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Challinor, David, 1920-2008  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Van Beek, Gus W. (Gus Willard), 1922-  Search this
Extent:
20 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1979
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting people and gifts at Saul Riesenberg's retirement party in the Department of Anthropology chairman's office in 1979. Pictured attendees, mostly Department of Anthropology staff, include William Fitzhugh, David Challinor, Steve Porter, Gus Van Beek, Betty Meggers, Clifford Evans, Judith Luskey, Riesenberg and his wife.
Biographical/Historical note:
Saul Herbert Riesenberg took part in the first American anthropological studies in Micronesia and was the first curator of Pacific ethnology at the Smithsonian in 1957. He later served as department chairman and retired as senior ethnologist.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Saul Herbert Riesenberg's papers.
Correspondence from Riesenberg can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Saul Herbert Riesenberg Correspondence 1962-1967 and Correspondence, 1967-1972, Records of the Department of Anthropology.
Additional photographs of Riesenber can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 80-17, Photographs of Saul Riesenberg's retirement party, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80-17

Copies of portraits of Smithsonian anthropologists

Depicted:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Allen, R. A.  Search this
Allen, Richard A.  Search this
Andrews, Andreas Joseph, d. 1992  Search this
Anglim, John E.  Search this
Blaker, Margaret Contant  Search this
Bray, William H.  Search this
Casanowicz, Immanuel M.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Egberts, William H.  Search this
Elder, Robert A.  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Gibson, Gordon D. (Gordon Davis), 1915-2007  Search this
Hawley, Edwin H.  Search this
Hendley, H. W.  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Jenkins, Richard C.  Search this
Jenkins, Robert C.  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Lewis, G. Robert  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Maynard, G. C.  Search this
McBryde, George  Search this
McCoy, George D.  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Paine, Richard G.  Search this
Pelham, Willie Mae  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Semple, Caroline I.  Search this
Setzler, Frank M. (Frank Maryl), 1902-1975  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Sweeney, Thomas W.  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Van Beek, Gus W. (Gus Willard), 1922-  Search this
Watkins, C. Malcolm  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Whitmore, Jeraldine M.  Search this
Names:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
1 copy negative
9 copy prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy negatives
Copy prints
Date:
1898-1962
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of copy prints depicting Smithsonian anthropologists, including group portraits of the staff of the United States National Museum Department of Anthropology and mounted individual portraits of department heads in 1904, 1931, 1952, 1959, and 1962. The photographs were possibly made as part of a 1969 event, "The Anthropology of Anthropology, or Everything You Wanted to Know About the Anthropology Department but Didn't Know What to Ask." The announcement for this event is available with the collection.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 39
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by the Smithsonian Institution, 1969.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for some images are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Records of the Department of Anthropology.
Additional photographs of Department of Anthropology staff can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 136, Photo Lot 76-127, Photo Lot 77-52, Photo Lot 77-80, Photo Lot 79-51, Photo Lot 80-17, Photo Lot 83-15, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo lot 39, Copies of portraits of Smithsonian anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-39

Department of Anthropology photograph collection of anthropologists

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Names:
H. B. Hall & Sons, engraver  Search this
Wilcox, John Angel James, 1835- (engraver)  Search this
Depicted:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887  Search this
Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878  Search this
Birtwell, Francis Joseph  Search this
Boban, E.  Search this
Bohmersheim, August Bohn von  Search this
Bolles, T. Dix (Timothy Dix), -1892  Search this
Casanowicz, Immanuel M.  Search this
Craddock, Charles Egbert, 1850-1922  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Daniel, Z. T.  Search this
Dedrick, Thomas S.  Search this
Eames, Moses  Search this
Evans, Sir John  Search this
Fisk, Clinton Brown  Search this
Golovneen, D.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hawley, Edwin H.  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert, 1887-1954  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Johnston, T. C.  Search this
Knowlton, Frank Hall, 1860-1926  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
LeConte, Joseph N. (Joseph Nisbet), 1870-1950  Search this
Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McCartee, Divie Bethune, 1820-1900  Search this
Millner, Isaac B.  Search this
Montgomery, Henry  Search this
Morse, Edward Sylvester, 1838-1925  Search this
Murfree, Mary Noailles, 1850-1922  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rathbun, Richard, 1852-1918  Search this
Renshawe, John H.  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Simpson, Charles Torrey, 1846-1932  Search this
Slocum, Joshua, 1844-1909  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Volk, Ernest  Search this
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897  Search this
Ward, Herbert, 1863-1919  Search this
Winson, Justin  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Dumble, A. E.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Herman, Mme de (of Paris)  Search this
Holland (of Trenton, New Jersey)  Search this
Lainer, Charles  Search this
Macnabb Studio  Search this
Notman, J.  Search this
Parker, Charles  Search this
Parker, Joseph C.  Search this
Prince, George  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Teel, S. S.  Search this
Yasvoin, A. (of St. Petersburg, Russia)  Search this
Collector:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Extent:
4 copy prints
4 Engravings
2 Prints (woodburytype)
42 Prints (albumen, silver gelatin, and platinum)
18 Prints (halftone)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Engravings
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1864-1921
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of studio portraits and expedition photographs of anthropologists, administrators, scholars, and others. It includes some photographs of an American Indian demonstrating sign language, possibly made during W J McGee's Seriland expedition.

Photographers represented in the collection are Charles Milton Bell, A. E. Dumbie; De Lancey W. Gill, Mme de Hermann, of Paris; Holland, of Trenton, New Jersey; Charles Lainer, J. Notman; Parker, George Prince, Macnabb, of New York; Moses P. Rice; Napolean Sarony; S. S. Teel; and A. Yasvoin, of St. Petersburg, Russia.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 70
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photograph collections of anthropologists held in the National Anthropological Archives are Photo Lot 4822, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 39, and Photo Lot 77-80.
See others in:
Department of Anthropology photograph collection of anthropologists, circa 1864-1921
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 70, Department of Anthropology photograph collection of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.70
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-70

Guide to photographic collections at the Smithsonian Institution / Diane Vogt O'Connor, [editor]

Author:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Redding, Joan  Search this
Vogt-O'Connor, Diane  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution Photograph collections  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
Smithsonian Astropysical Observatory Photograph collections  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
v. <1-4 > : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1989
C1989-<1995 >
Topic:
National Air and Space Museum--Photograph collections  Search this
Call number:
Q11 .S79
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_383012

Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites

Collector:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Russell, James Townsend  Search this
Extent:
14 copy prints of photographs and drawings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Place:
England
Java
France
Date:
circa 1933
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting archeological sites and diagrams of excavations. Depicted Paleolithic archeological sites include the following: Pithecanthropus site in Trinil, Java; Piltdown site in Suffolk (or Sussex), England; Heidelberg site in Heidelberg, Germany; Moustier site in Dordogne, France; La Chapelle aux Saints site in Coreze, France; La Quina sitein Charante, France; Galilee Skull site on the Sea of Galilee; Laugerie Haute in Dordogne, France; and La Madeleine in Dordogne, France. The prints were made by the Smithsonian laboratory for the Synoptic Series in the Old World Archeological exhibits, from photographs furnished, and possibly made, by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka and J. Townsend Russell.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 160, USNM ACC 124072
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1933.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 79-38.
Originals for some of these drawings and photographs as well as additional drawings and photographs of Paleolithic sites can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 157 and the Ales Hrdlicka papers.
Material found in Gus Van Beek's office can also be found in the National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 79-34.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Paleolithic period -- France  Search this
Paleolithic period -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 160, Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.160
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-160

Walter Hough

Author:
Sherwin, C. Allen  Search this
Subject:
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Anthropology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Sepia; Size: 8w x 11 1/4h; Type of Image: Drawing; Medium: Pencil and paper
Type:
Pencil and paper
Drawing
Photographic print
Date:
circa 1930
Topic:
Anthropologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2009-4241 or SA-694
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12198

Records, 1974-1992, with related records from 1967

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Registrar  Search this
Subject:
Lytle, Richard H  Search this
Leslie, Philip  Search this
Case, Mary E  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Council of Registrars  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Collection Policy and Management Committee  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
18 cu. ft. (18 record storage boxes)
Type:
Clippings
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Date:
1967
1967-1992
1974-1992, with related records from 1967
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Museums--Collection management  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000568
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217132

Clifford Evans photograph collection of Smithsonian anthropologists

Collector:
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Photographer:
Harris & Ewing  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Extent:
6 Prints (silver gelatin)
1 Print (halftone or collotype)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1933-1952
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting members of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology and Department of Anthropology. The collection includes photographs of William Duncan Strong, Robert Stephenson, and M.T. Newman in the field (1933, 1938, and 1952); a photograph of Dr. Walter Hough and Neil M. Judd (1935); a group portrait of the Department of Anthropology staff on the steps of the Natural History Building (1952); and winners at an award presentation for the department (1952). The collection also includes a photomechanical print with a portrait of William Henry Holmes, made by Harris & Ewing.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clifford Evans (1920-1981) was curator of Latin American archeology for the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History. Born in Dallas, Dr. Evans grew up in California and graduated from the University of Southern California in 1941. He served in the Army Air Force in World War II and later earned a doctorate at Columbia University.

A former instructor in archeology and anthropology, Dr. Evans joined the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History as a curator in 1951. A pioneer in studies of the prehistoric past of the Amazonian forest and lowlands, he conducted archeological field work throughout South America and in the Pacific Islands. He and his wife, anthropologist Betty Meggers, collaborated on more than 100 scientific articles and monographs. Dr. Evans was honored with the Washington Academy of Sciences Award for Scientific Achievement, the 37th International Congress of Americanists Gold Medal and the Order of Merit from the Government of Ecuador.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-80
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Smithsonian anthropologists can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4822, Photo Lot 7A, Photo Lot 7D, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 39, Photo Lot 77-52, and Photo Lot 92-35.
Additional photographs by Harris & Ewing can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 33, and Photo Lot 78-20.
The Library of Congress holds the Harris & Ewing Collection of glass and film negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-80, Clifford Evans photograph collection of Smithsonian anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-80
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-80

William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Ivan Karp papers

Creator:
Karp, Ivan  Search this
Names:
Emory University  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Kratz, Corinne Ann, 1953-  Search this
Masolo, D.A.  Search this
Extent:
16.24 Linear feet (43 boxes and 2 sets of rolled maps)
0.21 Gigabytes
19 sound recordings
Culture:
Teso (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Electronic records
Place:
Busia District (Kenya)
Date:
circa 1945-2012
bulk 1969-2012
Summary:
Ivan Karp (1943-2011) was a curator of African Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) from 1984 to 1993. He was also a professor at Emory University from 1993 to 2011. He conducted fieldwork among the Iteso (Teso) of Kenya and made significant contributions to the areas of African systems of thought, social theory, museum studies, and public scholarship. His collection contains his research on the Iteso of Kenya; his work at Emory University and the Smithsonian Institution; his reviews of manuscripts and books; recommendations that he wrote for his colleagues and students; his published articles and papers presented at conferences; and his project files on various topics including museum studies, African philosophy, public scholarship, agency and personhood, and the history of social anthropology.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of Ivan Karp, documenting his work as an anthropologist, professor, and museum curator. The materials include his research on the Iteso of Kenya; his work at Emory University and the Smithsonian Institution; his reviews of manuscripts and books; recommendations that he wrote for his colleagues and students; his published articles and papers presented at conferences; and his project files on various topics including museum studies, African philosophy, public scholarship, agency and personhood, and the history of social anthropology.

Karp's Iteso research files span from the late 1960s to the 1990s. These materials consist of his field notes, in both paper and digital form; household surveys; photographs; sound recordings; maps; grant proposals; bibliographic research; correspondence; notes and drafts of his dissertation; and his other writings. A great deal of the field materials was collected by his field assistants, particularly Steven Omuse. Some field materials were also collected by Karp's first wife, Patricia.

His Smithsonian files are electronic and contain little documentation regarding his administrative work. There are, however, some materials relating to the planning of exhibits at NMNH and a proposal to establish a program focusing on the African continent and the African Diaspora. There is also a memo with Karp's response to questions from a House Subcommittee regarding the National African American Museum and complaints about the NMNH Africa Hall. Other associated materials include his research and papers on museums and exhibits. While there are no files pertaining to the first two museum conferences he organized, a folder titled "Bellagio" contains documentation for the conference and associated workshops on museums and globalization that he organized while at Emory.

Karp's files from Emory are also in digital form and more substantive than his Smithsonian materials. They document his work on the different committees he chaired and programs he directed and founded, including the Center for the Study of Public Scholarship. His Emory files also include his comments on students' dissertations, papers, and proposals.

The digital files also document Karp's other areas of interests, particularly African philosophy; concepts of identity, personhood, and agency; and the relationships between international development and personhood. His work on African philosophy largely consists of files from a number of collaborative projects with Kenyan philosopher Dismas Masolo, including the 1993 conference in Nairobi they organized and the associated volume they edited, African Philosophy as Cultural Inquiry (2000). There are a few files of research on the Luo people. His research on development and personhood focuses on Africa, particularly on Kenya, and includes his papers, notes, and reference sources, which also exist in paper form. There are also files of obituaries and memorials of Karp from numerous publications and events.

Other materials in Karp's collection include his doctorate diploma, his Master's thesis, family photos, and a wedding album from his first marriage.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Iteso Research; 2) Development Discourse; 3) Personal; 4) Photographs; 5) Sound Recordings; 6) Born Digital Files.
Biographical / Historical:
Ivan Karp (1943-2011) was a curator of African Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) from 1984 to 1993. He conducted fieldwork among the Iteso (Teso) of Kenya and made significant contributions to the areas of African systems of thought, museum studies, and public scholarship.

Karp was born on August 27, 1943 in Stamford, Connecticut. He attended the University of Vermont as an undergraduate, majoring in Sociology and Anthropology (1961-1965), and pursued graduate studies in Social Anthroplogy at the University of Rochester (1967-1969). Karp received his M.A. (1969) and Ph.D. (1974) from University of Virginia. As a doctoral student he conducted research among the Iteso from 1969 to 1971. His dissertation, titled Fields of Change Among the Iteso of Kenya, was published in 1978. Karp continued his research on the Iteso into the 1990s and published various papers including "Beer Drinking and Social Experience in African Society" (1980) and "Laughter at Marriage: Subversion in Performance" (1987).

Before his employment at the Smithsonian, Karp held a teaching appointment at Colgate University from 1972 to 1975 and was a professor at Indiana University from 1976 to 1984. At Indiana University, he coedited with Charles S. Bird Explorations in African Systems of Thought (1980), the first of a 34-volume series published under his editorship.

He left Indiana University in 1984 to become the Curator of African Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History. While at the Smithsonian, he served as Chair of the Ethnology Division and established with William Merrill the Smithsonian Series in Ethnographic Inquiry. It was also during this period that Karp began to critically examine museum practice, concepts of identity and agency, and systems of representation in relation to museum exhibits. He and Steven Lavine organized two major conferences on museums and co-edited the resulting conference proceedings: Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display (1991) and Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture (1992).

In 1993, Karp left the Smithsonian to direct the Graduate Institute of Liberal Arts (1993-1996) at Emory University. He also served as director of the university's Institute of African Studies (1996-1999) and the Emory Center for International Studies (1996-1999). In addition, he cofounded and codirected with Corinne Kratz, his second wife, the Center for the Study of Public Scholarship (CSPS) from 1994 to 2009 and the Grant Writing Program from 1992 to 2011. Through the CSPS, he and Kratz also established and codirected the Institutions of Public Culture program, a collaboration with South African colleagues that brought together scholars of public culture from universities, museums, NGOs, political and arts organizations and related institutions (2000-2008). Karp also continued to facilitate discussions on museums, working with Kratz and his colleagues at the Rockefeller Foundation to organize a series of international workshops and a conference in 2002 on museums and globalization. He coedited Museum Frictions: Public Cultures/Global Transformations (2006), a collection of papers presented at the conference.

Karp retired from teaching at Emory University in May 2011 but planned to continue working with the Laney Graduate School's Grant Writing Program until full retirement in August 2013. Not long after finishing his last graduate seminar, Ivan Karp died at the age of 68 on September 17, 2011 in New Mexico.

1943 -- Born on August 27 in Stamford, Connecticut.

1961-1965 -- Undergraduate studies at University of Vermont with major in Sociology and Anthropology.

1965-1967 -- Graduate studies in Social Anthropology at the University of Rochester.

1969 -- Earns M.A. from University of Virginia. Begins conducting fieldwork among the Southern Iteso in Busia District, Kenya.

1972-1975 -- Instructor and Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Colgate University.

1974 -- Earns Ph.D. from University of Virginia.

1976-1984 -- Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University.

1984-1993 -- Curator of African Ethnology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Insitution.

1987 -- Organizes conference on "The Poetics and Politics of Exhibiting Other Cultures."

1988 -- Organizes conference on "Museums and their Communities."

1993-1996 -- Director of Graduate Institute of Liberal Arts, Emory University.

1994-2009 -- Director of Center for the Study of Public Scholarship, Emory University.

1996-1999 -- Director of Emory Center for International Studies, Emory University. Director of Institute of African Studies, Emory University

2000-2008 -- Director of Institutions of Public Culture program through CSPS.

2002 -- Organizes conference on " Museums and Global Public Spheres" held in Italy at Bellagio Conference Center of the Rockefeller Foundation.

2009 -- Moves to Santa Fe, NM where he had bought a home in 2003.

2011 -- Retires from teaching at Emory University. Dies on September 17 at the age of 68.
Related Materials:
Artifacts collected by Ivan Karp can be found in the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology Collections (Accession #390893 and 416181). Indiana University Archives of Traditional Music holds some of Karp's original Iteso sound recordings.
Separated Materials:
Four DVDs and a videotape were separated from the collection and transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. One of the recordings is an interview with Karp that Robert Lavenda and Emily Schultz conducted in 1989 to accompany their introductory anthropology textbook, Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition. The rest of the recordings are of Karp giving presentations.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Corinne Kratz in 2014.
Restrictions:
Recommendations that Karp wrote for his colleagues and students are restricted until 2061.

Access to the Ivan Karp papers requires an appointment.
Topic:
Museum techniques  Search this
Luo (African people)  Search this
Social sciences -- Philosophy  Search this
Philosophy, African  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Teso language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Electronic records
Citation:
Ivan Karp papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2013-30
See more items in:
Ivan Karp papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-30

Diorama Depicting Burial of Plains Woodland Child

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Place:
Kansas
Date:
1962
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Hall of North American Archeology (Exhibition)  Search this
Burial  Search this
Children  Search this
Prairie Dog Creek  Search this
Plains Woodland Indians  Search this
Prehistoric peoples  Search this
Standard number:
MNH-1019 or MNH1019
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10549

Department of Anthropology records

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
330.25 Linear feet (519 boxes)
Note:
Some materials are held off-site; this will be indicated at the series or sub-series level. Advanced notice must be given to view these portions of the collection.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1840s-circa 2015
Summary:
The Department of Anthropology records contain administrative and research materials produced by the department and its members from the time of the Smithsonian Institution's foundation until today.
Scope and Contents:
The Department of Anthropology records contain correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, memoranda, invoices, meeting minutes, fiscal records, annual reports, grant applications, personnel records, receipts, and forms. The topics covered in the materials include collections, exhibits, staff, conservation, acquisitions, loans, storage and office space, administration, operations, research, budgets, security, office procedures, and funding. The materials were created by members of the Section of Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, the Division of Anthropology of the United States National Museum, the Office of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History, and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History and range in date from before the founding of the Smithsonian Institution to today. The Department of Anthropology records also contain some materials related to the Bureau of American Ethnology, such as documents from the River Basin Surveys.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 28 series: (1) Correspondence, 1902-1908, 1961-1992; (2) Alpha-Subject File, 1828-1963; (3) Alpha-Subject File, 1961-1975; (4) Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Subject Files, 1967-1968; (5) River Basin Survey Files, 1965-1969; (6) Research Statements, Proposals, and Awards, 1961-1977 (bulk 1966-1973); (7) Publication File, 1960-1975; (8) Memoranda and Lists Concerning Condemnations, 1910-1965; (9) Notebook on Special Exhibits, 1951-1952 (10) Section on Animal Industry; (11) Administrative Records, 1891-1974; (12) Administrative Records, 1965-1994 (bulk 1975-1988); (13) Fiscal Records, 1904-1986; (14) Annual Reports, 1920-1983; (15) Chairman's Office Files, 1987-1993; (16) Division of Archaeology, 1828-1965; (17) Division of Ethnology, 1840s, 1860-1972, 1997; (18) Division of Physical Anthropology; (19) Division of Cultural Anthropology, 1920-1968; (20) Records of the Anthropological Laboratory/Anthropology Conservation and Restoration Laboratory, 1939-1973; (21) Collections Management, 1965-1985; (22) Photographs of Specimens and Other Subjects (Processing Laboratory Photographs), 1880s-1950s; (23) Exhibit Labels, Specimen Labels, Catalog Cards, and Miscellaneous Documents, circa 1870-1950; (24) Antiquities Act Permits, 1904-1986; (25) Ancient Technology Program, circa 1966-1981; (26) Urgent Anthropology; (27) Records of the Handbook of North American Indians; (28) Personnel; (29) Repatriation Office, 1991-1994
Administrative History.:
The Smithsonian Institution was founded in 1846. Although there was no department of anthropology until the creation of the Section of Ethnology in 1879, anthropological materials were part of the Smithsonian's collection from its foundation. The Section of Ethnology was created to care for the rapidly growing collection. In 1881, the United States National Museum was established. Soon thereafter, in 1883, it was broken up into divisions, including the Division of Anthropology. In 1904, Physical Anthropology was added to the Division.

The Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879 as a research unit of the Smithsonian, separating research from collections care. However, during the 1950s, research became a higher priority for the Department of Anthropology and, in 1965, the BAE was merged with the Department of Anthropology to create the Office of Anthropology, and the BAE's archives became the National Anthropological Archives (NAA).

In 1967, the United States National Museum was broken up into three separate museums: the Musuem of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History), the National Museum of American Art, and the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). The Office of Anthropology was included in NMNH and was renamed the Department of Anthropology in 1968.

New divisions were added to the Department, including the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA) in 1981, the Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES) in 1982, and the Repatriation Office in 1993. In 1983, the Smithsonian opened the Museum Support Center (MSC) in Suitland, Maryland, as offsite housing for collections with specialized storage facilities and conservation labs.

The Department of Anthropology is currently the largest department within NMNH. It has three curatorial divisions (Ethnology, Archaeology, and Biological Anthropology) and its staff includes curators, research assistants, program staff, collections specialists, archivists, repatriation tribal liaisons, and administrative specialists. It has a number of outreach and research arms, including the Repatriation Office, Recovering Voices, Human Origins, and the Arctic Studies Center.

The Museum is home to one of the world's largest anthropology collections, with over three million specimens in archaeology, ethnology, and human skeletal biology. The NAA is the Smithsonian's oldest archival repository, with materials that reflect over 150 years of anthropological collecting and fieldwork. The HSFA is the only North American archive devoted exclusively to the collection and preservation of anthropological film and video.

Sources Consulted

National Museum of Natural History. "Department of Anthropology: About" Accessed April 13, 2020. https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/anthropology/about

National Museum of Natural History. "History of Anthropology at the Smithsonian." Accessed April 13, 2020. https://naturalhistory.si.edu/sites/default/files/media/file/history-anthropology-si.pdf

National Museum of Natural History. "History of the Smithsonian Catalog." Accessed April 13, 2020 https://siris-sihistory.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?profile=sicall

Chronology

1846 -- The Smithsonian Institution is founded

1879 -- George Catlin bequeaths his collection to the Smithsonian The Section of Ethnology is established to oversee ethnological and archaeological collections The Bureau of Ethnology is established by Congress as a research unit of the Smithsonian

1881 -- The U.S. National Museum (USNM) is established as a separate entity within the Smithsonian Institution

1883 -- The staff and collections of the USNM are reorganized into divisions, including a Division of Anthropology

1897 -- The United States National Museum is reorganized into three departments: Anthropology headed by W. H. Holmes; Biology with F. W. True as head; and Geology with G. P. Merrill in charge The Bureau of Ethnology is renamed the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) to emphasize the geographic limit of its interests

1903 -- The Division of Physical Anthropology established

1904 -- The Division of Physical Anthropology is incorporated into the Division of Anthropology

1910 -- The USNM moves into the new Natural History Building

1965 -- The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology is created on February 1 The BAE is eliminated and merged with the Office of Anthropology

1968 -- The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA) of the National Museum of Natural History is retitled the Department of Anthropology on October 29

1973 -- The Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES) is established at the National Museum of Natural History's (NMNH) Center for the Study of Man (CSM) to study the waves of immigration to the United States and its overseas outposts that began in the 1960's

1975 -- The National Anthropological Film Center is established

1981 -- The National Anthropological Film Center is incorporated into the Department of Anthropology

1982 -- The RIIES, part of the CSM at the NMNH, is transferred to the Department of Anthropology

1991 -- NMNH establishes a Repatriation Office

1993 -- The Repatriation Office is incorporated into the Department of Anthropology

Head Curators and Department Chairs

1897-1902 -- William Henry Holmes

1902-1903 -- Otis T. Mason (acting)

1904-1908 -- Otis T. Mason

1908-1909 -- Walter Hough (acting)

1910-1920 -- William Henry Holmes

1920-1923 -- Walter Hough (acting)

1923-1935 -- Walter Hough

1935-1960 -- Frank M. Setzler

1960-1962 -- T. Dale Stewart

1963-1965 -- Waldo R. Wedel

1965-1967 -- Richard Woodbury

1967-1970 -- Saul H. Riesenberg

1970-1975 -- Clifford Evans

1975-1980 -- William W. Fitzhugh

1980-1985 -- Douglas H. Ubelaker

1985-1988 -- Adrienne L. Kaeppler

1988-1992 -- Donald J. Ortner

1992-1999 -- Dennis Stanford

1999-2002 -- Carolyn L. Rose

2002-2005 -- William W. Fitzhugh

2005-2010 -- J. Daniel Rogers

2010-2014 -- Mary Jo Arnoldi

2014-2018 -- Torbin Rick

2018- -- Igor Krupnik
Related Materials:
The NAA holds collections of former head curators and department chairs, including the papers of Otis Tufton Mason, Walter Hough, T. Dale Stewart, Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel, Saul H. Riesenberg, Clifford Evans, and Donald J. Ortner; the photographs of Frank Maryl Setzler; and the Richard B. Woodbury collection of drawings of human and animal figures.

Other related collections at the NAA include the papers of Gordon D. Gibson, Eugene I. Knez, and Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans; and the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the Center for the Study of Man, and the River Basin Surveys.
Provenance:
This collection was transferred to the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) by the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology in multiple accessions.
Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0311
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0311

Website Records, 2015-2018

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Uniform title:
Recovering Voices (Website)  Search this
Recovering Voices (Blog)  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Electronic records
Collection descriptions
Web sites
Date:
2015
2015-2018
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Endangered languages  Search this
Blogs  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 20-119
See more items in:
Website Records 1995-2020 [Smithsonian Institution]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400114

John Canfield Ewers Papers

Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Names:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States. National Park Service  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Taylor, James E. ((Artist))  Search this
Extent:
97 Linear feet
Culture:
Chippewa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1993
Scope and Contents:
The John Canfield Ewers Papers document his wide ranging anthropological interests from early White depictions of Native Americans to the material culture of the Plains tribes through correspondence, exhibit catalogs, field notes, illustrations, lectures, maps, photocopies of archival materials, photographs, and writings. The collection includes materials relating to his numerous research projects and publications such as his books on plains sculpture and Jean Louis Berlandier as well as his field research among the Assiniboin and Blackfoot tribes. Ewers' career as an ethnologist based in a museum is amply documented through correspondence, exhibit plans and scripts, notes, and reports showcasing his work for the National Park Service and his fifty plus years at the Smithsonian. The voluminous correspondence file highlights his close collaboration with individuals such as Stu Conner, Hugh Dempsey, Claude Schaeffer, and Colin Taylor. Ewers' graduate studies and his family are featured in Series XI. One special category of materials in this collection is Series XIV, the card files. Ewers pulled information from his field notes and other sources, classified them, and typed or wrote them up on 3x5 or 5x7 inch index cards. He then organized these files alphabetically by subject within large categories such as "Collecting Alpha by Collectors Name" or "Fur Trade and Trade Goods." The card files include correspondence and photographs and closely relate to materials throughout the rest of the collection. Though Ewers' papers are primarily textual in nature, there are graphic materials throughout his files. Series XIII features the graphic materials that Ewers kept separate from his files such as the contents of his slide cabinets. There is overlap within this series as Ewers kept multiple copies of his slides in various locations. This series also includes audiotapes of conferences and symposia at which Ewers spoke and three scrapbooks. Of note are original pencil and ink drawings from his book, The Horse in Blackfoot Culture, in Series XV. Transcripts of oral history interviews with John Canfield Ewers are also available at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Arrangement note:
This collection was organized into 15 series - Correspondence, Research & Subject Files, Research Projects, Trips and Presentations, Artists of the Old West, North American Indian Art, Plains Sculpture Book, Berlandier Project, Smithsonian Institution, National Park Service, Personal, Writings by Ewers, Audiovisual Materials, Card Files, and Art Work.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Canfield Ewers (1909-1997) earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College in 1931 and an M.A. in Anthropology from Yale University in 1934. Ewers began his career in museums as a Field Curator for the National Park Service. He helped design exhibits at Vicksburg National Battlefield and Ocmulgee National Monument among others. In 1941, the Bureau of Indian Affairs hired Ewers to design and establish the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana. After a short stint in the Navy during World War II, Ewers joined the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. He worked at the Smithsonian for over fifty years in numerous capacities including Director of the National Museum of History and Technology (now called the National Museum of American History). Ewers' research dealt with the Plains Indians and the Blackfoot tribe in particular. Ewers wrote several books on a wide variety of topics including White artists depictions of Native Americans, Plains Indian sculpture, and the horse in Blackfoot Indian culture.
Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnohistory  Search this
Carving  Search this
American Indians -- Plains  Search this
Artists -- United States -- West -- Biography  Search this
American Indians -- Clothing  Search this
American Indians -- arts and crafts  Search this
Museums -- History -- Exhibitions  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Repatriation  Search this
Artists  Search this
Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-35
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-35

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