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Kevin M. Tuohy Papers

Donor:
Wolver, Anita Tuohy  Search this
Collector:
Tuohy, Kevin M., 1921-1968 (optometrist, inventor)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Names:
Solex Laboratories  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiocassettes
Clippings
Flip books
Color prints (photographs)
Patents
Articles
Course outlines
Reprints
Pamphlets
Manuals
Lecture notes
Date:
1897-1959
Summary:
Papers of Kevin M. Tuohy (1921-1986) containing technical information on contact lenses designed to correct vision problems.
Scope and Contents:
Technical information on contact lenses, including manuals, brochures, etc. from Solex Laboratories, and articles from professional journals and other publications. Numerous photographs, including a set of color prints, illustrate techniques of fitting, inserting, and removing contact lens. Medical problems, legal cases involving patent infringement and other aspects of contact lenses are described. Includes an interesting thumb-flip "Movette" movie book demonstrating insertion of contact lenses, and a cassette tape recording.
Biographical / Historical:
Tuohy, a partner at Solex Laboratories, developed the corneal contact lens in the 1940s, which quickly supplanted the scleral lens.
Related Materials:
The Tuohy Corneal Lens Collection in the Division of Medicine and Science contains objects, such as contact lens samples, received as part of the same gift.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Anita Tuohy Wolver.
Restrictions:
Researchers must use researcher copy of audio tape (not yet available).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Optometrists -- 1940-1970  Search this
Contact lenses  Search this
Optometry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Audiocassettes
Clippings
Flip books
Color prints (photographs)
Patents
Articles -- 20th century
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Course outlines
Reprints
Pamphlets
Manuals
Lecture notes
Citation:
Collection donated by Anita Tuohy Wolver. Exhibit labels: Gift of Anita Tuohy Wolver.

Reproduction and print citation: Kevin M. Tuohy Papers, 1897-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Anita Tuohy Wolver.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0317
See more items in:
Kevin M. Tuohy Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84abaae84-1e3f-4cb3-b561-2ebbb3fc1923
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0317
Online Media:

Chevalier Jackson Papers

Creator:
Jackson, Chevalier, Dr., 1865-1958 (physician)  Search this
Names:
Jefferson Medical College.  Search this
Temple University.  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
University of Pittsburgh.  Search this
University of Western Pennsylvania.  Search this
Western Medical College.  Search this
Women's College of Pennsylvania.  Search this
Foster, Gilmore  Search this
Jackson, William Stanford  Search this
Mackenzie, Morell  Search this
Morage, Katherine Ann  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1883-1955
Summary:
Collection documents Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy.
Scope and Contents:
The Jackson papers include autobiographical notes, a draft of a brief biography for the National Cyclopedia of America Biography, some business papers among which are correspondence relating to a mill and to repairs to a dam, several legal papers including those concerned with real estate mortgages, and letters to and from Mrs. Jackson and household servants.

There are mementos such as dried flowers, family snapshots, final notes from Dr. Jackson to his wife, advising her of actions to be taken upon his death, and drafts of his obituary. There are a number of photographs, and negatives, primarily of Dr. Jackson.

The articles, reports and reprints are primarily by Dr. Jackson but include a few by or with his son and a few by other physicians. The papers include proofs and color proofs of equipment and procedures relating to Jackson publications and four books, one of which is by Dr. Jackson.

The material, most of which is relatively recent, is in good condition. Some of the notes are in pencil but are legible.

In addition to the papers in the Archives Center, the Division of Medical Sciences has a large number of surgical instruments including Dr. Jackson's bronchoscopes, esophagoscopes, laryngoscopes and microscopes, awards and medals, items of furniture from Dr. Jackson's study and oil paintings by him. The list of instruments is seven single-spaced pages. There are many Chevalier Jackson papers and memorabilia in the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, the Library and Museum of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia and the Library of Temple University.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into nine series.

Series 1: Personal Papers

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Legal Papers (including mortgages)

Series 4: Newsclippings, Articles and Book Reviews

Series 5: Photographs

Series 6: Chronological Journal

Series 7: Reports and Reprints

Series 8: Illustrations and Proofs

Series 9: Books
Biographical / Historical:
Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy, was born November 14, 1865 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and died August 16, 1958 in Philadelphia. His father, William Stanford Jackson, was a stock raiser and veterinarian. His mother was Katherine Ann Morage. Family financial reverses forced a move to Crafton, Pennsylvania, a working class community. Young Chevalier was not readily accepted by his classmates and seemed to have had a difficult time during his school years there. Money earned by decorating glass and pottery enabled Chevalier Jackson to attend the University of Western Pennsylvania (University of Pittsburgh) from 1878 to 1882. He then apprenticed himself to a local physician, Gilmore Foster. Continuing to paint china at night he earned enough to enroll at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1884, from which he graduated in 1886. During vacations he sold medical books and served as a cook on a fishing boat. Following his graduation from Jefferson Dr. Jackson went to England to pursue his interest in laryngology under a world-famous authority, Morell Mackenzie.

Upon his return to Pittsburgh, Dr. Jackson opened an office limited to the practice of laryngology. His patients were mostly indigent and income from the practice was limited. In 1890 he devised an instrument to remove a dental plate that a patient had swallowed. The news of this meant referral of other patients with similar problems that caused obstruction of the esophagus, including blockages in children from swallowing lye. From that time on Dr. Jackson carried on an unremitting campaign to have lye bottles labeled as poison, until in 1927 Congress passed the Federal Caustic Labeling Act.

On July 9, 1899, Chevalier Jackson and Alice Bennett White were married. They had one child, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson, who also became a surgeon. In the year of his marriage, Dr. Jackson developed a bronchoscope that could be passed through the larynx to visualize the bronchi. He became chief of laryngology at Western Medical College in 1900. In 1902 he adapted a suggestion of placing a light carrier at the far ends of the scopes used in bronchscopy and esophagoscopy, thus making those procedures relatively safe. He and a machinist friend built the instruments in the friend's shop in Pittsburgh.

Dr. Jackson developed tuberculosis in 1911. He spent the two years of convalescence writing an important text book, Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery, published in 1915, the year he was made head of the Department of Laryngology at Jefferson Medical College. Appointments at the Graduate School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania followed, and his 1930 appointment to the faculty at Temple meant that Chevalier Jackson held simultaneous appointments at five Philadelphia schools. He later relinquished all appointments except the chair at Temple from which he retired in 1938 to be succeeded by his son, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson. From 1935 to 1941 Chevalier Jackson was president of the Women's College of Pennsylvania. An early advocate of equal rights, he championed the role of women in medicine.

During his noted career Dr. Jackson wrote 250 papers, twelve text books, chapters in a number of other books, and an autobiography (1938). He was somewhat eccentric. He protected his hands by wearing silk gloves, even in summer, turned doorknobs by placing his hand in his coat pocket, preferred bowing to shaking hands, and developed a reputation for social aloofness.
Materials at the National Museum of American History:
The Division of Medicine and Science has surgical instruments, awards, medals, furniture, and oil paintings owned by Chevalier Jackson. See accession numbers are 300428.338 through .343.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Joan Bugbee (a granddaughter of Dr. Jackson), date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Laryngoscopy  Search this
Esophagus  Search this
Esophagoscopy  Search this
Endoscopy  Search this
Bronchoscopy  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Personal papers
Citation:
Chevalier Jackson Papers, 1883-1960, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0023
See more items in:
Chevalier Jackson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep871f2b21c-4046-40e6-a5e0-d03dcb692614
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0023
Online Media:

Agency history, 1881-

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Medicine and Science  Search this
Subject:
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
Hamarneh, Sami Khalaf 1925-  Search this
Flint, James M (James Milton) 1838-1919  Search this
Melosh, Barbara  Search this
Davis, Audrey B  Search this
Blake, John B  Search this
Donner, Joseph  Search this
Griffenhagen, George B  Search this
Lewton, Frederick L (Frederick Lewis) 1874-1959  Search this
Thomas, George S  Search this
Whitebread, Charles  Search this
McMurtrie, Daniel  Search this
Gravatt, C. U  Search this
Beyer, Henry G  Search this
Toner, Joseph M (Joseph Meredith) 1825-1896  Search this
Boyd, John C  Search this
Dixon, William S  Search this
White, C. H  Search this
Marmion, R. A  Search this
Kondratas, Ramunas  Search this
Gossel, Patricia Peck 1943-  Search this
Stine, Jeffrey K  Search this
Lord, Alexandra M  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Science, Medicine, and Society  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Materia Medica  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Medicine  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Textiles  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Medicine and Public Health  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1890
1881-
Topic:
Historical museums  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Historians of science  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Physical sciences  Search this
Mathematics  Search this
Computers--History  Search this
Information technology--History  Search this
Life sciences  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00101
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218177

Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland Collection

Author:
Maryland. Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Clippings
Patents
Pamphlets
Prescriptions
Paintings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Notebooks
Correspondence
Certificates
Papers
Diplomas
Place:
Maryland
Date:
ca. 1740-1965.
Scope and Contents:
18th, 19th, and 20th century material deposited with the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland, chiefly relating to the practice of medicine in the state. Includes correspondence, papers, certificates, diplomas, patents, maps, notebooks, clippings, prescriptions, pamphlets, photocopies of documents, scrapbooks, photographs, and paintings.
Arrangement:
Divided into four series: (1) Correspondence, (2) Biographical, (3) Photographs, (4) Certificates.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Physicians  Search this
Medicine -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Clippings
Patents
Pamphlets
Prescriptions
Paintings
Photographs -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 19th century
Notebooks
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Certificates
Papers
Diplomas
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland Collection, ca. 1740-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0114
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8680edc35-f7df-44c8-a0f8-2576164c246c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0114

Randolph Winslow Collection

Creator:
Winslow, Randolph, 1852-1937 (surgeon, medical school professor)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Oral history
Interviews
Account books
Patient medical records
Place:
Hartford (N.C.)
Baltimore (Md.)
Date:
1868-1924.
Scope and Contents:
The Winslow Collection contains diaries, patient records, account books, collected historical materials, taped oral history interviews and miscellaneous papers. The core of the collection consists of a chronological series of small, handwritten leather bound books used for personal diaries, college and medical school notes, and patient records, kept over a 54 year period. The contents of these volumes are described more fully in the "Non Medical" and 'Medical' notes on Diaries and Journals at the end of this finding aid.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Diaries and Journals

Series 2: Account Books

Series 3: Collected Historical Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Randolph Winslow, a Baltimore physician, surgeon, and medical school professor, was born in Hertford, North Carolina on October 23, 1852. He died in 1937.

He grew up in an environment of medicine: his father, Caleb, was a much respected surgeon; his uncle, John, was a prominent physician who held the chair of materia medica at the Maryland College of Pharmacy; and his brother, John was a recognized specialist in diseases of the nose and throat and professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. The medical atmosphere was maintained throughout Randolph's life and two of his sons followed the family tradition: both Nathan and FitzRandolph graduated from the University of Maryland School of Medicine and later became members of the faculty.

Randolph himself received his A.B. from Haverford College in 1871, his M.D. from the University of Maryland College of Medicine in 1873 (standing at the head of his class), and an M.A. from Haverford after special study in advanced Greek. Dr. Winslow pursued further medical studies in 1883 and 1906 when he traveled to Berlin, Paris, Vienna and other European cities. There he attended medical clinics in such subjects as surgery and midwifery and purchased a number of surgical instruments.

On graduation from medical school Dr. Winslow began pedagogical work at the University of Maryland Medical School as an Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy (1873 1880). He then served as Demonstrator of Anatomy (1880 1886), Lecturer on Clinical Surgery (1886 1891), professor of Anatomy and Clinical Surgery (1891 1902) and Professor of Surgery (1902 1921). He was named Professor Emeritus of Surgery in 1921.

During his early career he was on the surgical staff of the Baltimore City Hospitals (then Bay View Asylum), the Good Samaritan Hospital, Hebrew Hospital (now Sinai) and the Elkton Hospital. He served for more than twenty five years as consultant surgeon to the Maryland Training School for Boys at Lock Raven, and as physician to the Johns Hopkins Colored Orphan Asylum. He was one of the founders of the Woman's Medical College in Baltimore, a professor of surgery there (1882 1893) and dean (1890 1892). He held the chair of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of the Baltimore Polyclinic (1984) and was also surgeon in chief to the University Hospital and Consulting Surgeon to the Hebrew Hospital.

Dr. Winslow was very interested in the advancement of medical education. It was mainly through his efforts that the second University Hospital was built, the medical curriculum was expanded from two to three years and then to four years and that the Baltimore Medical College and the College of Physicians and Surgeons were merged into the School of Medicine at the University of Maryland. He served as a regent of the University of Maryland (1891 1920) and on the board of trustees of the Endowment funds of the University of Maryland. Dr. Winslow sat in the House of Delegates of the American Medical Association, on the Judicial Council of the AMA (7 years), and on the Executive Council of the Association of American Medical Colleges (20 years). He was a member of the House of Delegates and on the Council of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland and he served as the vice president of the Faculty (1896 97) and president (1914). He was a member of numerous Medical Associations. Winslow was honorary president of the 'Randolph Winslow Surgical Society, a club founded by students at the University of Maryland in 1911 and named in his honor. He was president of the Southern Surgical Association (1921) and a fellow and a founder of the American College of Surgeons (1913). He attended many national and international medical conferences, and wrote prolifically on surgical and medical subjects (see attached listing of published articles available at the University of Maryland at Baltimore, Health Services Library).

In addition to his professional service and writing, Dr. Winslow was well known for his surgical practice. He was one of the first to introduce surgical antisepsis in Maryland; he was the first Maryland surgeon to resect the pylorus for carcinoma and to shorten the round ligaments; he performed the first vaginal hysterectomy in the state (1888); he was the first Maryland surgeon to operate successfully for gunshot wound of the intestine (1893).

From 1911 until he retired, he was a lieutenant in the Medical Reserve Corps of the Army, and is described by his son, Nathan, as being very disappointed at not being called into active service when the United States entered World War I.

Professionally Dr. Winslow seems to have been regarded as an excellent as well as demanding teacher, and as a surgeon with sound judgment, bold when necessary, but conservative, "never jeopardizing his patients for the sake of effect" (University of Maryland School of Medicine). He wrote well, simply and with clarity, and possessed skill, earnestness, and leadership qualities when working with students, and was quick to recognize merit. Personally, he was rigorously honest, direct, earnest, sincere, loyal, and fearless. (University of Maryland School of Medicine, Annals of Surgery, etc.)

He was happily married in 1877 to Rebecca Fayssoux Leper, who survived him by 3 years. Thirteen children were born of the marriage, delivered by Dr. Winslow himself. Twelve of them survived him, nine sons and three daughters: Nathan, 1878; John Leiper, 1880; Fitz Randolph, 1881; Edwards Fayssoux, 1883; Mary Fayssoux, 1885; Jane Parry, 1886; Caleb, 1889; Eliza Leiper, 1891; George Leiper, 1893; Oliver Parry, 1895; Richard Randolph Parry, 1897; St. Clair Spruill, 1899; Callender Fayssoux, 1901.

In his diaries, Dr. Winslow notes in 1869 that he is 'getting a pretty good knowledge of carving as father is away from nearly every dinner and I have to carve." It would seem that with his multiple professional obligations in addition to an active private practice, Dr. Winslow was seldom at home; nevertheless, he was apparently able to give his family a sense of his responsibility to duty but also a recognition of his devotion to them and his stern regard for their religious and moral upbringing.

In religious affiliation, Dr. Winslow was an active member of the Society of Friends. Politically he was a life long Republican. (National Cyclopedia of American Biography)

During his college days Dr. Winslow was an ardent sportsman, playing cricket, baseball, billiards, croquet, participating in bowling, skating, wrestling, literary societies, going hunting, and attending the theater. He went regularly to religious meeting, and was occasionally involved in playing pranks, visiting with friends and expressing an active interest in pretty girls. With increasing professional and family responsibilities he had less and less leisure time although he maintained his membership in the cricket clubs and at one time was one of Baltimore's crack cricket players.

He remained an active man throughout his life and visited the University regularly up to about 10 days before his death. He died in Baltimore following an illness of one week on February 27, 1937.

His friend and colleague Arthur Shipley wrote the following about him: "During his long service to his fellows he displayed the changing phases of a useful and successful life; the virile and fighting qualities of a young man, the strength and certainty of the maturer man and, after retirement, he unconsciously gave a fine exhibition of how a strong man grows old; showing, qualities of gentleness, kindness, understanding and sympathy with no evidence of bitterness or regret. He continued to take an interest in his profession, his societies, his friends and his school, which made association with him not only an inspiring companionship, but a real joy."
Provenance:
The Winslow Collection was donated to the Maryland Medical and Chirurgical Faculty. The diaries were willed by Dr. Winslow; other papers and photographs were given by his wife and/or several of his sons.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Education -- Medical  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Patient care  Search this
Medical care  Search this
Medical colleges -- Faculty  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Oral history
Interviews
Account books
Patient medical records
Citation:
Randolph Winslow Collection, Archives Center, National museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0150
See more items in:
Randolph Winslow Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a5011d77-9e70-428a-8f60-5621dc86d9f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0150

University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection

Topic:
The Dental Cosmos (monthly journal)
Author:
Ziesel, William, Dr.  Search this
Darby, Edwin Tyler, Dr.  Search this
Collector:
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Names:
National Dental Association  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Adams, Henry, 1838-1918  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Lectures
Notebooks
Correspondence
Programs
Menus
Place:
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1885-1935
Scope and Contents:
Papers of two dentists: Ziesel, who developed a technique and instruments for treating pyorrhea, and Darby, a founder of the University of Pennsylvania Dental School.

Included are articles, speeches, lectures, correspondence, unidentified photographs; an autograph book of attendees at testimonial dinner for Darby, dinner menus and programs; copies of journal entitled The Dental Cosmos, with articles by Ziesel; notebook of an unidentified dentist with names of patients, including Mr. and Mrs. Henry Adams; notebook presumably belonging to Lt. Cmdr. G. R. Bevan.The papers are largely mementoes of several occasions on which Dr. Darby was honored. They also include a record of the practice of an unnamed dentist that began in May 1885. The collection contains speeches and articles in which Ziesel describes his surgical techniques and instruments used in pyorrhea treatment. The series begins in 1919 when he asked the National Dental Association to allow him to speak at its annual convention, but his proposal was late and he was refused. It encompasses his disagreements with entrenched traditionalists, correspondence with many dentists interested in copying technique, work with patients referred for surgery, and his attempts to have this surgery made part of dental school curriculum.
Arrangement:
Divided into 2 series

Series 1: Dr. William Ziesel

Series 2: Dr. Edwin Tyler Darby
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. William Ziesel, who developed a surgical technique to eliminate pyorrhea, practiced dentistry in Philadelphia. This collection contains Dr. Ziesel's speeches and articles. In these he describes his surgical techniques and the instruments he used in pyorrhea treatment. The collection begins in 1919 when Dr. Ziesel asked the National Dental Association to allow him to be on the program of its annual convention although he was late in so requesting and he was refused. It encompasses his disagreements with the entrenched traditionalists, his correspondence with many dentists interested in copying his technique, his work with patients referred to him for this surgery, and his attempts to have this surgery made part of dental school curriculum.

Dr. Edwin Tyler Darby was one of the founders of the dental school at the University of Pennsylvania where he was a professor of operative dentistry from 1878 to 1926. He was Emeritus Professor for five years. An attempt was made to set up a Chair of Operative Dentistry in his name. Dr. Ziesel referred to Dr. Darby as a supporter of his methods to eliminate pyorrhea. The papers are largely mementos of several occasions on which Dr. Darby was honored. They also include a record of the practice of an unnamed dentist that began in May 1885. Scope and Content
Related Materials:
Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science

Collection contains 2871 specimens of dental instruments, furniture, equipment and other materials relating to the history of dentistry. See Accession # 218383.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Dentists  Search this
Topic:
Dentistry -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Periodontal disease  Search this
Dental schools -- 1880-1940 -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Dental instruments and apparatus -- 1880-1940  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Lectures
Notebooks
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Programs
Menus
Citation:
University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection, 1885-1935, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0025
See more items in:
University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8849f1f03-850d-4410-895c-6847d13febfb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0025

Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records.

Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Names:
Pfizer Inc.  Search this
Warner-Lambert/Parke-Davis  Search this
Warner-Lambert/Parke-Davis. Pharmaceutical Research Division  Search this
Davis, George S.  Search this
Duffield, Samuel P., Dr. (physician, pharmacist)  Search this
Parke, Hervey Coke , 1827-1899  Search this
Extent:
365 Cubic feet (510 boxes, 43 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Annual reports
Blueprints
Brochures
Catalogs
Correspondence
Employee records
Formulae, chemical
Lantern slides
Newsletters
Newspaper clippings
Notebooks
Price lists
16mm films
Sound recordings
Tracings
Trade literature
Date:
1866-1992
Summary:
The collection documents Parke, Davis and Company, one of the largest and oldest pharmaceutical firms in America.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Parke, Davis and Company, one of America's oldest and largest drug makers. Parke, Davis had the first research laboratory in the American pharmaceutical industry. The company played a major role in the development of some of the principle new drugs of the twentieth century and pioneered the field of drug standardization. They were one of the first American firms to produce antitoxins, hormones, and other biologicals. They introduced new and important drugs such as adrenalin, dilantin, chlorenpleniol, and other antibiotics. They also did important research on vitamins, disinfectants, and pencillin.

The collection contains complete documentaion of all the research activities done, including research laboratory notes, correspondence, and published papers. The collection also contains corporate, financial, advertising and sales materials, photographs, and audiovisual materials. The collection is important for those researchers interested in the history of public health, the history of biologicals, pharmaceutical manufacturing and business history.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into 13 series.

Series 1: Corporate Materials, 1887-1951

Series 2: Financial Materials, 1880-1970

Series 3: Employee/Personnel Materials, 1900-1989

Series 4: Advertising/Sales Materials, 1868-1980

Series 5: Photographs, 1866-1992

Series 6: Notebooks, 1908-1968

Series 7: Control Department Records, 1884-1931

Series 8: Formulas, 1882-1967

Series 9: Equipment Data Files, 1922-1978

Series 10: Publications, 1968-1988

Series 11: Research Materials, 1920-1978

Series 12: Drawings, 1911-1971

Series 13: Addenda, 1867-1970

Series 14: Audio Materials, 1956-1957
Historical:
Parke, Davis and Company traces it's origins to Samuel Pearce Duffield (1833-1916), a physician and pharmacist. Duffield was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and his family moved to Detroit when he was an infant. Duffield graduated from the University of Michigan in 1854 and he attended medical school at the University of Pennsylvania, latter leaving for Germany where he studied chemistry and sought treatment for his eyesight. He subsequently earned a Doctor of Philosophy from Ludwig University at Giessen in Germany. Duffield returned to Detroit in 1858 and established a retail drugstore with a strong interest in manufacturing pharmaceuticals. Duffield sought financial partners for his retail and manufacturing venture with A.L. Patrick and Francis C. Conant. Both men retracted their investments and Duffield met Hervey Coke Parke (1927-1899), a native of Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Duffield and Parke formed a formal partnership in 1866. George S. Davis, a third partner and traveling salesman previously with Farrand, Sheley and Company, was added 1867. Augustus F. Jennings joined the company as a partner to head manufacturing. The company became known as Duffield, Parke, Davis, & Jennings Company. Duffield withdrew in 1869 and the name Parke, Davis & Company was adopted in 1871. The company incorporated in 1875 and began planning world-wide scientific expeditions to discover new vegetable drugs such as Guarana, Bearsfoot, Eucalyptus Globulus, and Coca. The company first showed a profit in 1876, and the first dividend paid to shareholders in 1878 and dividends paid until mid-1960s. Research was a major activity of the company.

In 1907, Parke, Davis and Company bought 340 acres in northeast Avon Township, Michigan, and called it Parkedale Farm. The farm was dedicated on October 8, 1908, and included sterilization rooms and a vaccine propagating building. By 1909 the farm included 200 horses, 25 to 50 cattle, 150 sheep, and employed 20 men. The horses produced the antitoxin for diphtheria and tetanus, the cattle produced a vaccine for smallpox preventatives, and the sheep made serum. Only the healthiest animals were used and all were well cared for. Exotic plants were also grown on the site and used for drugs. Parke-Davis' chief products were antitoxins and vaccines as well as farm crops for feeding the animals. The farm continued to produce vaccines for diphtheria, scarlet fever, tetanus, smallpox, anthrax, and in the 1950s, the Salk polio vaccine.

Due to a weakening financial position, the company became susceptible to take-over, and was purchased by Warner-Lambert in 1970. Warner Lambert, was then acquired by Pfizer in 2000. In 2007, Pfizer closed its research facilities in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Source

Rochester Hills Museum at Voon Hoosen Farm (last accessed on September 29, 2021 https://www.rochesterhills.org/Museum/LocalHistory/ParkeDavisFarm.pdf)

Parke, Davis and Company. Parke-Davis At 100...progress in the past...promise for the future. Detroit, Michigan, 1966.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Alka-Seltzer Documentation and Oral History Project (NMAH.AC.0184)

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records (NMAH.AC.0059)

Cover Girl Advertising Oral History Documentation Project (NMAH.AC.0374)

Garfield and Company Records (NMAH.AC.0820)

Albert W. Hampson Commercial Artwork Collection (NMAH.AC.0561)

Ivory Soap Advertising Collection (NMAH.AC.0791)

Kiehl's Pharmacy Records (NMAH.AC.0819)

Alan and Elaine Levitt Advertisement Collection (NMAH.AC.0303)

Medical Sciences Film Collection (NMAH.AC.0222)

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, Inc. Collection (NMAH.AC.0395)

Procter & Gamble Company Product Packaging Collection (NMAH.AC.0836)

Sterling Drug Company Records (NMAH.AC.772)

Syntex Collection of Pharmaceutical Advertising (NMAH.AC.0821)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine (NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Medicine)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Patent Medicines (NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.PatentMedicines)

Materials at the Smithsonian Institution Libraries

Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collection

Trade catalogs related to Parke, Davis & Co.; Warner-Lambert; Pfizer Pharmaceuticals; and Pfizer, Inc.

Materials at Other Organizations

Detroit Public Library, Special Collections

Parke, Davis & Company records, 1892-1959

Scrapbook of clippings, 1929-44; Excursions & Announcements, 1892-1902; and company newsletters.

University of California San Francisco

Drug Industry Documents was created by the University of California San Francisco Library in collaboration with faculty members C. Seth Landefeld, MD and Michael Steinman, MD. Originally established to house documents from an off-label marketing lawsuit against Parke-Davis (United States of America ex rel. David Franklin vs. Parke-Davis), the archive has grown to include documents from additional sources illustrating how the pharmaceutical industry, academic journals and institutions, continuing medical education organizations and regulatory/funding agencies operate in ways that are detrimental to public health.
Separated Materials:
Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The division holds objects related to Parke, Davis that primarily include containers (boxes and glass bottles) that held phamrmaceuticals, biologicals (vaccines), crude drugs, and herb packages. See accessions: 1978.0882; 1982.0043; 1982.0043; 1984.0351; 1985.0475; 1988.3152; 1991.0415; 1992.3127; 2001.3066; 2012.0165; and 2018.5001.
Provenance:
The initial collection of approximately 185 cubic feet was donated by the Warner-Lambert Company, through Jerry A. Weisbach, Vice-President and President of the Pharmaceutical Research Division, on February 3, 1982.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Antibiotics  Search this
Architectural Blueprints  Search this
Biologicals  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Drugs -- 1900-1950  Search this
Drug factories  Search this
Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919  Search this
Laboratories  Search this
Medical scientists -- 1900-1950  Search this
Patents  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry -- 1900-1950  Search this
Pharmacology -- 1900-1950  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Vaccines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Annual reports -- 20th century
Blueprints -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Catalogs
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Employee records
Formulae, chemical
Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Newsletters -- 20th century
Newspaper clippings
Notebooks -- 1900-1950
Price lists
16mm films
Sound recordings -- Audiotapes -- Open reel
Tracings
Trade literature
Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0001
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8869c518d-5cbd-42cf-b508-e688de3bf14d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0001
Online Media:

Fournet Drugstore Collection

Creator:
Fournet, Fred G.  Search this
Hallmark.  Search this
Fournet Drugstore.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (7 boxes, 8 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Trade catalogs
Packaging
Hand coloring
Advertisements
Place:
St. Martinville (La.)
Louisiana
Date:
1950-1977, undated
Summary:
The collection consists primarily of advertising and promotional materials for products sold by the Fournet Drugstore. In addition, there are photographs of the African American community in St. Martinville, Louisiana.
Scope and Contents:
Collection consists primarily of advertising and promotional materials for products sold by the Fournet Drugstore in St. Martinsville, Louisiana. Most of these materials are from well-known companies such as Hallmark Cards, Incorporated; Johnson & Johnson; Yardley of London; and Max Factor & Company. Of particular interest are the photographs documenting the African American community primarily from the 1950s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1, Photographs, 1950-1967, undated

Subseries 1.1, Identified Prints, 1950-1967, undated

Subseries 1.2, Unidentifed Prints, 1956-1964, undated

Series 2, Hallmark Cards, Incorporated, 1971-1977, undated

Series 3, Point of Purchase Displays and Packaging, 1973-1977, undated
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Scurlock Studio Records, NMAH.AC.0618

African American Portrait Tintypes, NMAH.AC.0515

African American Family Photograph Collection, NMAH.AC.1127

G. Dwoyid Olmstead Photonegatives, NMAH.AC.0270

Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, NMAH.AC.0001

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subject: Patent Medicine, NMAH.AC.0060

Norcross Greeting Card Collection, NMAH.AC.0058

Albert W. Hampson Commercial Artwork Collection, NMAH.AC.0561

Syntex Collection of Pharmaceutical Advertising, NMAH.AC.0821

Marion O'Brien Donovan Papers, NMAH.AC.0721

Alka-Seltzer Oral History and Documentation Project, NMAH.AC.0184

Product Cookbooks Collection, NMAH.AC.0396

NW Ayer Advertising Agency Records, NMAH.AC.0059

Binney & Smith, Incorporated, Records, NMAH.AC.0624

Carolyn Jones Papers, NMAH.AC.0552

Beverly Partridge Shopping Bag Collection, NMAH.AC.0493
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Museum by Magdell F. Theriot and Fred G. Fournet in 1984.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Family-owned business enterprises  Search this
African American weddings  Search this
Drugstores  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade catalogs
Packaging
Hand coloring
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Fournet Drugstore Collection, 1950-1977, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0346
See more items in:
Fournet Drugstore Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fa76a298-f0ab-4848-b795-9b97377e622f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0346
Online Media:

Education for Childbirth (series)

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF 8 222.7-11
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Produced for Medical Films, Inc. by Photo and Sound Productions ; direction, C. A. Larrance ; writer-director, D. M. Hatfield, PhD. ; director of photography, W. C. Eymann ; cinematography, K. F. Patton ; art director, F. P. Barker ; drawings, W. R. Larrance ; editing, G. H. Watson and C. A. Larrance. A public service presentation of the Allegheny County Health Department ; Medical Arts Productions, [195-?]. 4 reels (ca. 15 min. each) : sd., b&w ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Consulting Obstetrician, Earle M. Marsh, M.D. ; cooperation and assistance, the staff of Franklin Hospital, San Francisco. Summary: A series of four films explaining the stages of pregnancy and birth.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89e16ee9a-44a2-422d-911a-5c819c247c47
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref117

Genetic Studies of Infant Behavior From the Photographic Library of the Clinic of Child Development; The Growth of Behavior in Fetal Infancy by Arnold Gesell. M.D. Fandl Catherine S. Amatruda. M.D.

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF8 222.37 (reference print)
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
[1939—1940?]. 1 ree (ca. 700 ft.) si., b&w; 16mm. positive (ref. print); Credits: [Clinic] director, Arnold Gesell, M.D.

Summary: Premature infants in incubators and being fed, bathed, and dressed by nurses. Footage is quite choppy and sometimes of poor quality. There are some intertitles and signs identifying individual infants.

The Archives Center's copy (archival positive) listed in previous Medical Sciences Film Catalogue as "N.Y. World's Fair, 1939-1940, Incubator Baby." This probably is the film listed in Medical Sciences Division's inventory as "1939 Fair Sequences, 7 min, Hartman-Gesell."

For convenience, Archives Center's copy also has been labeled "Collection #222, can #1." Additional prints were borrowed from the Gesell Institute of Human Development: "Fetal Film R2068" and "Behavior of Fetal Infant Reel 2069" (from can labels). They were virtually alike and more complete than Coll. #222 can #1, although AC's copy has some footage not in the Gesell prints. Coll. #222 can #1 and Gesell #2068 were chosen for preservation; duplicate negatives and reference prints were made of these prints at Bono Film & Video Services in February 1989. These negatives and prints have been retained by the Archives Center. (Video copies also were made for Martin Pernick.) Gesell #2068 and Gesell #2069 were forwarded to the Historical Audiovisuals Collection at the National Library of Medicine in July 1989, as a transfer from the Gesell Institute of Human Development.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films / Genetic Studies of Infant Behavior
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81b7f5506-ca7a-4797-84c9-ada20f861115
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref133

Cryothalamectomy / Medical photographers, Rose Marie Spitaleri and George Tanis, ; medical art, Mary Lorence. 1964?

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF8 222.1
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
1 reel (ca. 15 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Irving S. Cooper, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Neurologic Surgery, St. Barnabas Hospital, Bronx , New York. Summary: [Definition: Cryothalamectomy: destruction of a portion of the thalmus by application of extreme cold] Case One: A woman with Parkinson's Disease She is conscious throughout the procedure of introducing a canula (tube) into the brain. The surgeon observes her tremors, rigidity and motor, sensory, and intellectual functioning throughout surgery and tailors the size of the lesion (frozen area) to her indivdualized needs. In one year follow-up exam she is free of rigidity tremors and able to be employed full time. Case Two: A teenaged female with dystonia. She requires constant help with living and is unable to attend school. She undergoes two procedures and at one-year follow-up shows remarkable improvement.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 1: Technical Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep857396745-6331-4f28-9c9e-52a4109c48ea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref25

Medical Sciences Film Collection

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (81 Films, 16mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1938-1974
Scope and Contents:
Films vary in subject, production source, and intended audience. Includes both silent and sound black-and-white, and color films with sound.
Arrangement:
Divided into 5 series.

Series 1: Technical Medical films

Series 2: Dental Films

Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films

Series 4: Pharmaceutical Films

Series 5: Advertisements
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dentistry  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Public health  Search this
Child care  Search this
Childbirth -- 1930-1960  Search this
Pharmacology  Search this
Medical education  Search this
Surgery  Search this
Medical Equipment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0222
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b343b45a-d360-44f7-905b-00ae3fdcc505
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0222

Because She Lived

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF8 222.36
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Reid H. Ray Film Industries ; presented by The Sister Elizabeth Kenny Foundation ; director, Saul Elkins ; writer, R. Glen Low. [195-?]. 1 reel (495 ft.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Narrated by Herbert Marshall. Summary: "Today thousands who might have been hopelessly crippled by polio lead active, normal lives." The film focuses on the Kenny Institute's treatment facility for polio victims. It shows the methods used to stimulate the muscles back to normal. The film was made to solicit donations to support the foundation.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e7112d25-3255-4027-a459-f846240f8c53
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref107

Program #1. Preparing the Home for Baby.

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF12.222.1
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
This is the introductory film to the series. It suggests ideas for preparing the home for baby physically and psychologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 2: Dental Films / At Home With Your Child (series)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ed724bc0-3ebb-4432-9009-14126d4ffdf3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref83

Behind the Shadows

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF4 222.34
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
A Windsor Production ; National Tuberculosis Association and it's Affiliated Associations ; Christmas Seal Film Library. [194-?]. 1 reel (ca. 15 min.) : sd., b&w ; 16mm. positive. Summary: A professor is teaching high school students about tuberculosis. The school tests for the possibility of infection. Thirty per cent of the students have been exposed. X-rays indicate only one or two are actually infected. Film illustrates how the disease is contracted, pathology of the disease, and the Neumothorax operation. That operation collapses the lung so it can rest and recuperate, then it can be replenished with air.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep822897015-bd7a-41ac-83e7-25a737635320
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref109

Spot Prevention

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF8 222.17
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare ; produced for the Communicable Disease Center ; A Public Health Services Audiovisual Facility Production. 1966. 1 reel (ca. 6 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Copyright: MCMLXVI. Animated. Credits: Preston Charles, narrator. Summary: This is a cartoon with measles as the bad guy and Captain Immunity searching—finally successfully—to develop a vaccine to prevent the disease. All children over one year should be vaccinated.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b647125a-91ee-4706-9b50-8fede2c121ff
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref158

TResuci Kitl

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF4 222.9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Cigna Health/plan of Texas (a Cigna Company). 1 reel (ca. 5 min.) : si., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Medical director, Kit G. Johnson, M.D. Summary: Shows how incubator babies are resuscitated by administration of oxygen—from 60 beats/minute to 140 beats/minute with the use of the "Resusci-Kit." Repeats the procedure several times.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 4: Pharmaceutical Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d9588f44-45fc-4ac7-9ee0-a8e044f3e559
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref173

[McDonald's Television commercials]

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF8 222.5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1974
Scope and Contents:
1 reel (547 ft.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Contents: Fifteen commercials advertising McDonald's food products and special campaigns, plus one Burger King commercial. (Note taped to can lists 14 McDonald's titles and 1 Burger King title.) Several have notice: copyright McDonald's Corporation, 1974. See viewing notes for details.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 5: Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89bd6dd97-5da8-47a5-8372-f53899fd01e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref183

Electronic Production of Coordinated Limb Movements

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF4 222.17
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Supported in part by a U.S.P.H.S. Grant #1-4462 and by the Ottinger Research Foundation ; photography by Howard Friedman, BPA. 1960 1 reel (ca. 6 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Adrian Kantrowitz, M.D. & Rene Khalif, M.D., ; The Department of Surgery, Maimonides Hospital of Brooklyn and the State University of NY; Downstate Medical Center. Summary: Walking is a coordination of automatic movements of the muscles of the trunk and shoulders as well as the leg and foot. This experiment, shown on a dog, is concerned only with the basic motion of one leg. Electrodes are implanted in that leg. Conclusion: In an anesthetized dog we can perform a basic automatic walking motion which is completely under control.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 1: Technical Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87ebf39fb-8226-4a17-920e-5ee558d9b438
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref29

Orthotopic Homotransplantation of the Mammalian Heart

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF4 222.15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968
Scope and Contents:
Cinematographer, Harold Friedman, BPA. From the Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons, 1968. 1 reel (ca. 7-10 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Title and date on can label: Orthotopic Homotransplantation of the Heart in Puppies. 1964. Credits: Yoshio Kondo, M.D., Franz Gradel, M.D., Adrian Kantrowitz, M.D., ; from the Division of Surgical Research, Maimonides Hospital of Brooklyn ; supported by U.S.P.H.S. Grant # H-6510. Summary: Our experiment is an attempt to develop a practical technique for transplantation of the heart in puppies under profound hypothermia, thus avoiding the use of a pump oxygenerator. Recipient is cooled to about 16 degrees C.; donor is cooled to 28 degrees C. The recipient's chest is opened and the slow-beating heart under this degree of hypothermia is removed. The donor's heart is removed by another surgical team and kept in a cold solution until needed. It is attached to the recipient, taking care to make a water-tight seal and traumatize the tissue as little as possible. The aorta is re-attached and all air removed. The operation takes 45 minutes. We're shown the growth and development of three pups with transplanted hearts. No immunosuppresant drugs were used.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 1: Technical Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84dc9fc3e-121a-4a2b-add8-f31c8df996d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref48

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