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Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives

Printer:
MacCormack, Forrest (intern)  Search this
Talman, Hugh (photographer)  Search this
Photographer:
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Names:
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.) -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Contact prints
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.) -- 1890-1900
Chicago Ill. -- 1890-1900
Date:
1993 - 1993
circa 1888-1899, 1906
Summary:
Twenty glass plate negatives and reference copy prints of the images taken between the late 1880s and the early 1900s by Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie. The images depict the skyline of Washington D.C., views from the 1893 World's Fair: Columbian Exposition, blueprints for the Smithsonian Arts and Industries Building, and an unidentified orchestra.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of twenty glass plate negatives and associated reference copy prints depicting scenes from the 1893 World's Fair: Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois as well as images of the Washington D.C. skyline dating from between 1888 and 1899. The glass plate negatives range in size from 17" x 20" to 20" x 24" while the silver gelatin, resin-coated paper prints are all 20" x 24". All the images are black and white.

Series 1, Glass Plate Negatives, 1893, 1906, circa 1888-1899, is arranged by a numbering system, possibly assigned by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic Services (OPPS). The numbers were etched or written on the negatives, for example 3107. The series begins with the numbered images from Washington DC (#3101-#3107), followed by images without identifying numbers. The numbered images from the 1893 Columbian Exposition (non-inclusive #11302-11359) come next, followed by the images without identifying numbers.

The images of Washington D.C., when arranged in the following sequence, form a panorama of the Washington D.C. city: #3103, #3107, #3104, #3101, #3106, #3105, #3102. The images were taken from the tower of the Smithsonian Castle facing north, beginning with a view of the United States Capitol Building in the east (#3102) and ending with a view of the incomplete Washington Monument in the west (#3103). An unnumbered image of the United States Capitol taken after 1899 from the tower of the Old Post Office and Clock Tower looking down Pennsylvania Avenue is included. Two unnumbered blueprints dated July 19, 1906 show the second and third floor layouts of the Smithsonian Arts and Industries Building.

The images of the 1893 World's Fair: Columbian Exposition show various buildings built for the event as well as a replica of the Battleship Illinois which was constructed to illustrate advances in naval technology. Exterior views of the Administration Building, Government Building, Palace of Fine Arts, Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building as well as an interior view of the World's Fair Post Office in the Government Building are found among the negatives. A number of the images appear to have been taken from atop some of the buildings looking down.

One unnumbered and unidentified picture of a musical orchestra sitting on stage is included at the end of the series.

Series 2, Copy prints, 1993, include duplicate or, in some instances triplicate, photographic copy prints of the images from the glass plate negatives. In the case of #11311 and #11359, no copy prints exist. The silver gelatin prints on resin-coated paper were created in the fall of 1993.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.

Series 1: Glass Plate Negatives, 1893, 1906, circa 1888-1899

Series 2: Copy prints (reference copies), 1993
Biographical / Historical:
While the origin and provenance of some of the glass plate negatives is uncertain, it is likely that the images were created by Smithsonian photographer and curator Thomas W. Smillie and by Frances Benjamin Johnston, a prominent female photographer who was a protege of Smillie's.

Thomas W. Smillie was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1843 and emigrated to the United States when he was five years old. He attended Georgetown University, where he studied medicine and chemistry. Shortly thereafter he became a photographer for the Smithsonian and remained with the institution until his death in 1917. In 1896 he was named "custodian" of photography for the Institution, in essence becoming its first photography curator. He staged photographic exhibits and actively collected both images and equipment related to photography.

Frances Benjamin Johnston was an early pioneer for women in the field of photography and photojournalism. Born in 1864 in Grafton, West Virginia, Johnston studied art in Maryland and later at the Académie Julien in Paris. Her high-profile family connection with the Eastman family as well as her insatiable appetite for knowledge about photographic processes quickly propelled her to a formidable professional career. Her work appeared in publications such as The Ladies' Home Journal, Harper's Weekly, and Cosmopolitan, among others. As an apprentice to Thomas W. Smillie, Johnston was engaged to photograph the 1893 World's Fair: Columbian Exposition in Chicago. She made Washington D.C. her home and had the opportunity to photograph a large number of high profile individuals and government officials, including five United States presidents. Her photography often documented mundane and commonplace aspects of life rather than spectacular or prominent ones. Later in her career she focused her photography on colonial architecture, with images of houses, barns, and other buildings that intentionally showed everyday life in the United States South rather than high profile structures which had already been well-documented. She moved to New Orleans in 1940 and died in 1952.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Records, circa 1883-1984 (SIA RU000529)

Field Research Photographs, circa 1909-1924 (SIA Acc. 02-086)

Personnel Records, 1892-1952 (SIA Acc. 05-123)

Collected Registers, 1908-1912 and undated (SIA Acc. 06-138)

National Anthropological Archives

Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by Bureau of American Ethnology)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Reference photograph copies should be used where possible. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special care is required when handling the glass plate negatives both because of their large size and because some of the negatives are broken.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1900
Contact prints -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives, 1888-1906, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0416
See more items in:
Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0416

John D. Crimmins Collection

Creator:
Crimmins, John Daniel, 1844-1917 (contractor)  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Cubic feet (6 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Menus
Admission tickets
Invitations
Announcements
Date:
1880-1919
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised primarily of menus. There are also programs, seating plans, invitations, announcements and admission cards from functions attended by John D. Crimmins. Some material bears autographs of other guests and/or rotations made by Mr. Crimmins. There are many items from civic, political, business, Roman Catholic and Irish American organizations.

Numerous programs or menus produced especially for each occasion by firms such as Dempsey and Carroll, Malcolm and Hayes and Tiffany are uniquely designed and decorated with photographs, embossing or water color paintings. There are a few menus printed on ribbons and one, from the Vulcan Detinning Company, printed on metal. Included in the collection are three programs dated after Mr. Crimmins' death and one example of political humor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged alphabetically by host or sponsoring organization. Where no host is named or there are several hosts, the material is filed by the name of the guest of honor or the event.
Biographical / Historical:
John Daniel Crimmins, Senior, contractor and philanthropist, was born May 18, 1844 in New York City, of parents who earlier had immigrated from Ireland. After graduating from college he joined his father's contracting business, becoming a partner in 1864 and head of the firm in 1873. The firm was involved in the construction of public works, churches, hospitals and other projects and buildings. Mr. Crimmins belonged to and held office in many organizations civic, social, and philanthropic. He was an active member of the Democratic party and served as New York City Park Commissioner, Presidential elector, and member of the New York State Constitutional Convention. Presumably, he was an active member of the Tammany Hall group. A Roman Catholic, Mr. Crimmins worked for the church in a variety of roles, from university trustee to waiter at a Christmas dinner for the poor. Through business contacts and affiliation with various organizations, Mr. Crimmins as guest or host attended numerous public and private functions, many of which involved well known figures of the time. John D. Crimmins died November 9, 1917.

SourcesWho Was Who in America. Volume I, 1897 1942 and The New York Times, November 9, 1317, page 13.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Programs
Menus
Admission tickets
Invitations
Announcements
Citation:
John D. Crimmins Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0398
See more items in:
John D. Crimmins Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0398
Online Media:

Paris Exposition Universelle Photoprints

Creator:
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900 (Paris, France)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (2 boxes , paper prints, 7-3/8 x 9-3/8," Silver gelatin, on mounts)
199 Photographic prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Tour Eiffel (Paris, France)
Paris (France) -- 1900-1910
Date:
1900
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of the Paris Universal Exposition of 1900, which record many buildings and pavilions that were among the chief points of interest, including the Monumental Entrance, Art Palaces and the Bridge of Alexander III, national pavilions lining the Seine River, and the Palace of Machinery; also, views of Paris from the Eiffel Tower, and statuary. Photographer unidentified; images appear to be an official documentation, perhaps commissioned by the exposition organizers.
Arrangement:
1 series. Numerical by original museum catalogue numbers.
Biographical / Historical:
L'Exposition Universelle de Paris, 1900, represented a desire to awe and mystify a new generation in a new century.,In 1892 the Republic of France announced her intention to host the Universal Exposition and dreamed of uniting the nations in a common project; many promptly accepted and planned exhibits enthusiastically. Central Paris was chosen as the fairgrounds, an area containing three great buildings, such as the Eiffel Tower, constructed for past world's fairs; an area on the right bank of the Seine was later added. Exhibits included the "Cineorama," with hand-colored films, phonograph music, and live commentary, which was the first of many developments in film technique and presentation which had their first public showing at world exhibitions, the Mareorama, and other attractions. Art Nouveau, the creative rage of the exhibition, seemed to symbolize its theme.
Provenance:
Division of Domestic Life.,National Museum of American History.,Transfer.,1990/05/31.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site.,Photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1900 -- Paris -- France  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 1900 -- Paris -- France  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Citation:
Paris Exposition Universelle Photoprints, 1900, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0373
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0373

H. H. French Tallapoosa (Ga.) Photoprints

Creator:
Chace, Franklin, Mrs.  Search this
French, H. H.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (1 box , Paper prints, 8" x 10".,Silver albumen(?),mounted on cardboard.)
14 Photographic prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Lithia Springs (Tallapoosa ,Ga.) -- 1870-1880
Georgia -- photographs -- 1870-1890
Tallapoosa (Ga.) -- 1870-1890
Date:
circa 1880
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains fourteen silver albumen photoprints, mounted on cardboard, 8" x 10", all by H. H. French. Each picture is stamped with the photographer's name. The photographs depict homes and businesses, including the Tallapoossa Land, Mining & Manufacturing Co., the Lithia Springs Hotel site, a railroad bridge and the Tallapoosa River, the Tallapoosa Glass Works, a meeting of the Ladies' Aid Society at the Episcopal Mission, residences, etc. Of special interest is a photograph of a burro and wagon with two men in front of H. H. French's studio.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
No information about the photographer H. H. French available.
Provenance:
Gift of Mrs. Franklin Chace, accompanying accession no. 317832. Deed of Gift signed October 26, 1974.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Photography -- Studios and dark rooms -- 19th century  Search this
Mining corporation -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Hotels, taverns, etc. -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Glass manufacture  Search this
Burros -- Photographs -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Churches -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Wagons -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Bridges -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Railroads -- 1870-1890 -- Georgia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1880-1890
Citation:
H. H. French Tallapoosa (Ga.) Photoprints, ca. 1880, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0375
See more items in:
H. H. French Tallapoosa (Ga.) Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0375

Domestic Life Glass Photograph Collection

Donor:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
St. Paul (Minn.)
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
circa 1900
Scope and Contents note:
Miscellaneous glass photonegatives and lantern slides, originally housed in cardboard plate boxes, some containing newspaper clipping separators with dates as late as 1961. Subjects include a flood in 1911, family photographs and portraits, and buildings, with labels indicating locations such as Chicago, St.Paul, etc. The lantern slides depict art historical subjects and may be academic lecture materials.
Arrangement:
Organization by plate size. Unarranged at this time.
Biographical / Historical:
The lantern slides and glass photographs include miscellaneous family photographs and portraits, photographs of buildings, and art historical subjects.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site.,Contact David Haberstich, Head of Photographic Collections, for an appointment.,As this collection is glass, it must be handled with extreme care. Researchers must handle the material with gloves.
Rights:
Photographs available for reproduction. Most probably in public domain. Fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Art -- History -- Lectures  Search this
Floods -- 1910-1920 -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides -- Lectures
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1920
Citation:
Domestic Life Glass Photograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0292
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0292

American Furniture Industries Survey Collection

Creator:
Woodward, Inc.  Search this
Vaughan Furniture Co., The.  Search this
Steelcase, Inc.  Search this
Lane Company, The.  Search this
Kessler Industries, Inc.  Search this
Jasper Cabinet Co.  Search this
Howland, Richard H., Dr. (special assistant to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1978-1979))  Search this
Hooker Furniture Corp.  Search this
Furniture World.  Search this
American Heirloom Galleries.  Search this
Drexel Heritage Furnishings  Search this
Broyhill Industries.  Search this
Century Furniture Co., Inc.  Search this
Bass Brothers Furniture Co.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Schedules
Sales catalogs
Date:
1977-1980
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of the raw materials (completed schedules and catalogues) for a survey of material of historical interest and importance associated with American furniture manufacturers. There is a folder for each of the approximately 210 furniture manufacturing companies asked to participate in the survey, filed alphabetically by company.

Nearly all of the material has been kept in the original folders (not acid free) which are filed alphabetically by company. It is in excellent condition (1988) but should be transferred to acid free folders if a decision to keep it indefinitely is made).
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged alphabetically by company name.
Biographical/Historical note:
This collection constitutes the raw materials from an attempt to survey the archival holdings of American furniture manufacturers which was undertaken by the office of Dr. Richard H. Howland, Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1978-1979. The survey was intended as a preliminary study of industry owned collections and the possibility of a repository for such material. A letter and schedule were sent to approximately 210 furniture companies in the summer of 1979. In some instances follow up letters were sent in the fall. Each company was asked to complete a single page schedule and to send a catalogue if available.

Of the approximately 210 companies which received schedules, over 100 companies failed to respond. Forty five schedules were returned and more then 60 companies provided catalogues. Several companies sent brochures, pamphlets or annual reports in addition to or in lieu of catalogues. A few folders contain correspondence relating to prospective visits by the project director, or to preliminary plans for the survey.

The material received was not analyzed and no formal report was written. Funding did not materialize and the project was discontinued.

David A. Hanks, who worked on various projects under Dr. Howland's sponsorship before moving to New York in 1979 and Mrs. Johanna Rieg, a volunteer, worked on the project.

Page 5 of David Hanks paper before the Decorative Arts Archives Conference held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art on October 21, 1979 refers to a report by Mrs. Rieg on the initial findings of the survey. A telephone conversation with Mrs. Rieg March 2, 1988 indicated that her statement was an informal one not a written paper. At that time the project was not far enough along for any significant data to be available.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Furniture industry and trade  Search this
advertising  Search this
Business -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Schedules
Sales catalogs
Citation:
American Furniture Industries Survey Collection, 1978-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0286
See more items in:
American Furniture Industries Survey Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0286

Bernard Levine Sample Book Collection

Manufacturer:
Milwaukee Printed String Company  Search this
Modern Vogue Company, Inc.  Search this
Orchard Paper Company  Search this
American Lace Paper Company  Search this
Collector:
Levine, Bernard  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 vertical box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Trade literature
Sample books
Place:
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Milwaukee (Wis.)
Wisconsin
Date:
circa 1930s.
Scope and Contents:
Five sample books from the 1930s: (1) Christmas wrapping paper manufactured by Gift Wrap, (2) shelf paper made by the American Lace Paper Co. of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, (3) confectionery bag samples and stock designs for printing by the Orchard Paper Company of Saint Louis, (4) gift wrapping paper made by Modern Vogue Co., Inc., and (5) a sample sheet of ribbons manufactured by the Milwaukee Printed String Co., Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Bernard Levine, in March 1987.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Print Advertising  Search this
advertising -- History  Search this
Gift wrapping  Search this
Gift wraps  Search this
advertising -- 1930-1940 -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade literature
Sample books
Citation:
Bernard Levine Sample Book Collection, 1930s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0278
See more items in:
Bernard Levine Sample Book Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0278
Online Media:

Zippo Lighter Advertising Collection

Author:
Zippo Manufacturing Company  Search this
Collector:
Jones, William (Vice President, Zippo Lighter)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (2 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pamphlets
Posters
Articles
Date:
1937 - 1998
Scope and Contents:
Advertising brochures, posters, and articles on the company.
Biographical / Historical:
The Zippo Company has made over 300 million cigarette lighters since it was founded in 1932. The founder, George Blaisdell, believed that the policy of planned obsolescence repulsive, so he guaranteed his product "forever". Any Zippo lighter sent back to the factory has always been repaired at no charge to the customer. According to the company's official history, the lighter's qualities, windproof and rugged, caught on big during World War II when just about every man in the service, dogface to Dwight D. Eisenhower, had one. There are numerous stories of the lighter being used to illuminate airplane instrument panels and as emergency signaling devices. There is a confirmed instance of a lighter working after being frozen in solid ice for four months, and one which survived an 1,100 foot fall. Zippo began diversifying in 1962 into such products as money clips, flashlights and pocket rules. The Case Cutlery Company has been a subsidiary of Zippo since 1993.
Related Materials:
Collected in conjunction with accession no. 1983.0394, Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
Provenance:
Collection donated by William Jones, Vice President of Zippo, March 1983.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Cigar lighters -- 1930-1980  Search this
Smoking -- 1930-1980  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pamphlets -- 20th century
Posters -- 20th century
Articles
Citation:
Zippo Lighter Advertising Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0094
See more items in:
Zippo Lighter Advertising Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0094

Division of Domestic Life Greeting Card Collection

Creator:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Norcross Greeting Card Company (West Chester (Pa.))  Search this
Prang, Louis, fl. 1880-1900  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (Dedham (Mass.))  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (West Chester (Pa.))  Search this
Tuck, Raphael, fl. 1880s  Search this
Ward, Marcus, fl. 1880s  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Greeting cards
Valentines
Scrapbooks
Date:
ca. 1854-1975.
Scope and Contents note:
Includes greeting cards primarily filed by season or occasion and by name of designer/manufacturer, e.g., Valentines, Christmas cards, and cards by Louis Prang, Raphael Tuck, Marcus Ward, and a number of 20th century designers and manufacturers. Includes mechanical, hand-drawn, cutout, and fringed cards. Also other types of material, such as postcards, calling cards, and scrapbooks of cards.
Arrangement:
1 series. Arranged roughly by type.
Provenance:
These cards are from a variety of donors and accessions, from the 1960s through the 1970s.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Christmas  Search this
Holidays in art -- 1850-1980  Search this
Holidays  Search this
Genre/Form:
Greeting cards -- 1850-1980
Valentines
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Division of Domestic Life Greeting Card Collection, ca. 1854-1975, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0109
See more items in:
Division of Domestic Life Greeting Card Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0109
Online Media:

James Rumsey Bill

Author:
Hartshorne, William, fl. 1780s  Search this
Rumsey, James, 1743-1792 (machinist, inventor)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Names:
Potomac Company.  Search this
William Hartshorne and Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1786.
Scope and Contents:
A bill, June 21, 1786, from William Hartshorne and Company to James Rumsey for Potomac Company, regarding rum, gunpowder, blanketing, and hats. A bill or a receipt? It's signed by Rumsey.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Commerce -- 1780-1800  Search this
Citation:
James Rumsey Bill, 1786, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Washington, DC
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0087
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0087

Joel Ryder Cyphering Books

Author:
Ryder, Joel  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
New York (State)
New Jersey
Date:
1792-1793.
Scope and Contents:
Two cyphering books belonging to and/or compiled by Joel Ryder (or Rider) of either New York or New Jersey, containing mathematical tables, square roots, computations, etc. One book bears the date 1792, the other 1793. Both soft-bound in cloth. One contains a number of locks of hair.
General Note:
First page of one book spells the name "Rider".
Provenance:
Collection donated by John Ryder, and Mrs. C.L. DiMarco, 1973, Febuary 13.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Arithmetic -- Study and teaching  Search this
Hair  Search this
Hair art  Search this
Mathematics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- 18th century
Citation:
Joel Ryder Cyphering Books, 1792-1793, Archives Center.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0089
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0089

John Kearsley Bill [with George Washington autograph]

Creator:
Gilpin, George, fl. 1780s  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Kearsley, John, fl. 1780s  Search this
McKaig, W. Wallace  Search this
Fitzgerald, John, fl. 1780s  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Names:
Potomac Company.  Search this
Drake, William, Colonel, fl. 1780s  Search this
Hartshorne, William, fl. 1780s  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1786-1787.
Scope and Contents note:
A bill from Potomac Company to John Kearsley, May 17, 1786. John Kearsley asked William Hartshorne to pay account to Col. William Drake. On January 3, 1787 it was passed and signed by George Washington, John Fitzgerald, and George Gilpin.
Provenance:
Collection donated by W. Wallace McKaig.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Commerce -- 1780-1800  Search this
Citation:
John Kearsley Bill, 1786, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C. Gift of W. Wallace McKaig.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0086
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0086

John Fitzgerald Bill [with George Washington autograph]

Creator:
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Gretter, Michael, fl.1780s  Search this
McKaig, W. Wallace  Search this
Fitzgerald, John, fl. 1780s  Search this
Gilpin, George, fl. 1780s  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Invoices
Date:
1786-1787.
Scope and Contents:
Bill to John Fitzgerald from Michael Gretter. Three different dates shown: March 13, 1786; December 12, 1786; and January 3, 1787. The bill was for confinement for servants, passed and signed by George Washington, John Fitzgerald, and George Gilpin.
Provenance:
Collection donated by W. Wallace McKaig, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Domestics -- 1780-1790  Search this
Servants  Search this
Genre/Form:
Invoices -- 1780-1790
Citation:
John Fitzgerald Bill, 1786-1787, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C. Gift of W. Wallace McKaig.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0085
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0085

Washington Irving Letter

Correspondent:
Paterson, George P., fl. 1850s  Search this
Irving, Washington, 1783-1859  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Donor:
McKaig, W. Wallace  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (8"x10")
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Correspondence
Place:
Sunnyside (Irvington, N.Y.) -- 1850-1860
Date:
1852-12-27
Scope and Contents:
Letter from Washington Irving, of Sunnyside, Irvington, N.Y., to George P. Paterson, apparently a friend or business associate. Irving wrote to thank Paterson for books he had sent him, which he notes arrived on Christmas morning. Fragile condition; torn or broken at folds into separate fragments.
Biographical/Historical note:
Major American author.
General:
Original catalog no. 64.160.
Provenance:
Collection donated by W. Wallace McKaig, September 5, 1963
Restrictions:
Very fragile condition, requires special care.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gifts -- 1850-1860  Search this
Christmas -- Gifts -- 1850-1860  Search this
Acknowledgments -- 1850-1860  Search this
Books -- Gifts -- 1850-1860  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1850-1860
Correspondence -- 19th century
Citation:
Washington Irving Letter, 1852, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0084
See more items in:
Washington Irving Letter
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0084
Online Media:

Ramsay Family Papers

Author:
Ramsay, William, 1716-1785 (minister)  Search this
Names:
Alexandria Dyeing and Cloth Dressing Establishment  Search this
Alexandria Turnpike Co.  Search this
Snicker's Gap Turnpike Co.  Search this
Washington National Monument Society  Search this
Ramsay family -- 18th century -- Virginia  Search this
Bartleman, William  Search this
Carlyle, John  Search this
Dalton, John  Search this
Dinwiddie, Robert  Search this
Dixon, John  Search this
Fairfax, George William  Search this
Fauquier, F.  Search this
Frazier, Joseph  Search this
Gilpin, G.  Search this
Gilpin, Thomas  Search this
Gilpin, William  Search this
Henry, Patrick, Jr  Search this
Irving, Washington, 1783-1859  Search this
Johnston, George  Search this
Lee, Richard  Search this
Madison, James  Search this
McCarthy, Daniel  Search this
McCarty, Dennis  Search this
Ramsay, Anthony  Search this
Ramsay, Betty ("Betsy")  Search this
Ramsay, Dennis  Search this
Ramsay, Edward  Search this
Roberts, M.  Search this
Rumsey, James  Search this
Sanford, Capt. Edward  Search this
Stewart, James  Search this
Stoddert, Benjamin  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Wythe, George  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (9 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Genealogical tables
Account books
Financial records
Correspondence
Family papers
Wills
Legal documents
Obituaries
Tickets
Manuscripts
Insurance policies
Place:
Alexandria (Va.) -- 18th century
Virginia -- 18th century
Date:
1749-1924; 1957
Scope and Contents:
Original and photocopied correspondence, financial papers, newspaper clippings, legal documents, insurance policies, account book, genealogical notes, wills, lottery tickets, and currency, documenting the activities of the Ramsay family of Alexandria, Virginia and related families.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged topically.
Biographical / Historical:
William Ramsay (1716-1785), a Scottish Presbyterian minister, played a major role in the establishment of Alexandria, Virginia and later served as its mayor. His son, Dennis, also served as mayor and as a colonel in the Continental Army. Other descendants remained active in local affairs.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Heirs of William and Dennis Ramsay,1962, April 30.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Clergy -- 18th century -- Virginia  Search this
Domestic relations -- 18th century -- Virginia  Search this
City and town life -- 18th century -- Virginia  Search this
Community life -- 18th century -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- newspaper -- Virginia
Genealogical tables -- Virginia
Account books -- 18th century
Financial records -- 18th century
Correspondence -- 18th century
Family papers -- 18th century
Wills -- Virginia
Legal documents -- Virginia
Obituaries
Tickets -- Lottery
Manuscripts -- 18th century
Insurance policies -- Virginia
Citation:
Ramsay Family Papers, 1749-1924, 1957, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0088
See more items in:
Ramsay Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0088
Online Media:

Manuscript Account Book

Vendor:
Goodspeed's Book Shop  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Account books
Manuscripts
Date:
1742-1794.
Scope and Contents:
Account book of an unidentified merchant living in an unknown location; includes entries for dry goods and other items purchased and sold.
General Note:
Cultural History catalog card in control file.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Domestic and family life -- 18th century  Search this
Merchants -- 18th century  Search this
Dry-goods -- 18th century  Search this
Textile fabrics -- 18th century  Search this
Community life -- 18th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 18th century
Manuscripts -- 18th century
Citation:
Merchant Account Book, 1742-1794, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0082
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0082

Alexander Smith Account and Letter Book

Author:
Smith, Alexander, fl. 1790s  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Donor:
Dodd, Jean M., Mrs.  Search this
Names:
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Manuscripts
Letter books
Account books
Place:
Alexandria (Va.) -- 1790s
Date:
1792-1797
Scope and Contents:
In 1792-1797, Alexander Smith, a merchant living in Alexandria, Va., kept a record of dry goods purchased and sold. Most of the 1797 correspondence is copies of his letters to other merchants. Of particular interest is a letter dated 9 November 1796, from Smith to George Washington concerning Smith's loan repayment. Washington's response of 14 November 1796 can be found in "The Writings of George Washington, 1745-1799" by John C. Fitzpatrick.
Approx. 1/3 of the ledger consists of general accounts, 1/3 of accounts at "Difficult Mill," and the remaining third copies of letters from Alexander Smith.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Jean M. Dodd, 1963, July 25.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Commerce -- 1780-1800  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- 18th century
Letter books -- 1780-1800
Account books -- 18th century
Citation:
Alexander Smith Account and Letter Book, 1792-1797, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0083
See more items in:
Alexander Smith Account and Letter Book
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0083
Online Media:

John W. Hereford Letter

Author:
Hereford, John W.  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Virginia
Alabama
Tennessee
Date:
1827
Scope and Contents:
Letter, September 5, 1827, by Hereford, Meridianville, Madison County, Alabama, to his father in Shenandoah County, Virginia. It describes his family's journey from Virginia to Alabama with stops in several counties of Tennessee looking for places to settle, and visiting relatives.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Lavina Lancaster, August 18, 1983.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 19th century
Citation:
John W. Hereford Letter, 1827, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0066
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0066

Treadwell Account Books

Author:
Treadwell, Sanford L.  Search this
Treadwell, George B.  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Donor:
Wilkinson, Madeleine  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (1 folder, 3 books)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Account books
Place:
Mittineagus (Mass.)
Massachusetts
Date:
1861-1865
Scope and Contents:
Includes accounts of several employees of George B. and Sanford L. Treadwell of Mittineagus, Massachusetts, written on small pieces of paper sewn between covers of calfskin. One volume is for 1861, one for 1862, and the other for 1863-1865.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Miss Madeleine Wilkinson, November 10, 1955
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 19th century
Citation:
Treadwell Account Books, 1861-1865, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Madeleine Wilkinson.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0026
See more items in:
Treadwell Account Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0026

Herder Cutlery Collection

Creator:
Herder Cutlery, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Clarenbach and Herman Herder.  Search this
Herder Cutlery, Inc.  Search this
Herder-Fine Cutlery.  Search this
L. Herder and Son.  Search this
Herder Family  Search this
Herder, Charles  Search this
Herder, Herman  Search this
Herder, Leopold  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Domestic Life  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1836 - 1976
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents through corporate records, correspondence, financial records, news clippings, personal papers, photographs, and sales records of several Herder family cutlery businesses in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Corporate Records

Series 2: Financial Records

Series 3: Sales Records

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Clippings

Series 6: Correspondence

Series 7: Herder Family
Biographical / Historical:
The Herder Family had several cutlery businesses in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Charles Clarenbach and Herman Herder, 606 Arch Street; L. Herder and Son, founded 1871 by Herman's son Leopold, the elder of two sons; Herder-Fine Cutlery, founded by younger son, Charles, 830 Arch Street; and Herder's Cutlery, Inc.
Separated Materials:
Artifacts in the Division of Work and Industry include ice skates, steel punches, stamps, grinders, scissors, shears, store signs, a grinder's stool, claim tags, honing stones, and razor blades. See accession 1983.0406.
Provenance:
Herder's Cutlery, Incorporated, through Lynn Herder Walker, Secretary-Treasurer, 1997.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Cutlery trade  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 19th century
Citation:
Herder Cutlery Collection, 1847-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0050
See more items in:
Herder Cutlery Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0050
Online Media:

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