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Spring--Delightful Flower Bed

Created by:
Alma Thomas, American, 1891 - 1978  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 37 1/4 × 37 1/4 × 2 3/8 in. (94.6 × 94.6 × 6 cm)
Type:
oil paintings
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1967
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Nature  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of William J. and Brenda L. Galloway and Family
Object number:
2015.151
Restrictions & Rights:
© Charles Thomas Lewis
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Visual Art and the American Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b06433a4-e9f4-4f06-8e52-66e19141aa06
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.151
Online Media:

Black Panther demonstration, Alameda Co. Court House, Oakland, California, during Huey Newton's trial, #71

Photograph by:
Pirkle Jones, American, 1914 - 2009  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 14 × 14 in. (35.6 × 35.6 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 19 7/8 × 15 7/8 in. (50.5 × 40.3 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 30, 1968, printed 2011
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd526f54734-b093-4814-9094-4d4b00d1f0d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.1

David Lewis and Baby Jesus X, San Francisco, California, No. 3

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
David Lewis  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 1, 1968, printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ddd3e2e2-074a-44b0-b46b-6e7d5bf0be5d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.2

Kathleen Cleaver addresses the congregation of the Unitarian Church, San Rafael, California, #120

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Kathleen Cleaver Ph. D., American, born 1945  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
San Rafael, Marin County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 6, 1968, printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd588da6991-9b29-4cdd-84b4-f918927196a9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.3

Black Panther mother and her newborn son, Baby Jesus X, San Francisco, California, No. 125

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 1, 1968, printed 2010
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.4
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c6f5a7c5-a451-4de3-b6ff-388e4cb67f5a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.4

Serving Barbecue at the Free Huey Rally, De Fremery Park, Oakland, California, #34

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 16 x 20 in. (40.6 x 50.8 cm)
H x W (Mat): 22 x 28 in. (55.9 x 71.1 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 14, 1968, printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Cooking and dining  Search this
Foodways  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.5
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd541fd6fc2-27ad-433d-85b6-0dad57f9d16d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.5

Portrait of Captain David Hilliard, Chief of Staff of the Black Panther Party, at Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, Oakland, California, No. 152

Photograph by:
Pirkle Jones, American, 1914 - 2009  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
David Hilliard, American, born 1942  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 22, 1968, printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.149.6
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on The Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5338537fb-c18d-4988-89b9-b3e4112859dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.149.6

Black Panther guard at Unitarian Church, San Rafael, California, No. 123

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 17 3/4 x 12 in. (45.1 x 30.5 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
San Rafael, Marin County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 6, 1968; printed 2010
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57738ed1b-2505-4080-8006-df88619dc36b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.1

Couple listening at Free Huey Rally, De Fremery Park, Oakland, CA, No. 15

Photograph by:
Pirkle Jones, American, 1914 - 2009  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 16 x 20 in. (40.6 x 50.8 cm)
H x W (Mat): 22 x 28 in. (55.9 x 71.1 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 25, 1968; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53469e0f8-213f-4a5d-bf47-374625c5dac1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.2

Black Panther couple listening, Free Huey Rally, De Fremery Park, Oakland, CA, No. 20

Photograph by:
Pirkle Jones, American, 1914 - 2009  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 17 7/8 x 11 7/8 in. (45.5 x 30.2 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 14, 1968; printed 2010
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f8a79993-74b8-46ec-a7f5-5d74fac5974f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.3

Black Panther guards at Free Huey Rally, Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, Oakland, CA, No. 21

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 11 7/8 x 17 1/2 in. (30.2 x 44.5 cm)
H x W (Mat): 22 x 28 in. (55.9 x 71.1 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 25, 1968; printed 2010
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.4
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58972e72e-916e-4fac-9013-4ec62ec2ecf7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.4

Children cutting bread which was brought to the Free Huey Rally by the Diggers, De Fremery Park, Oakland, CA, No. 35

Photograph by:
Ruth-Marion Baruch, German American, 1922 - 1997  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
H x W (Mat): 28 x 22 in. (71.1 x 55.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 28, 1968; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.5
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f3ad5188-7ede-4044-a84b-33840c5dbbc8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.5

Black Panthers from Sacramento, Free Huey Rally, Bobby Hutton Memorial Park, Oakland, CA, No. 62

Photograph by:
Pirkle Jones, American, 1914 - 2009  Search this
Printed by:
Palm Press, American, founded 1977  Search this
Subject of:
Black Panther Party, American, 1966 - 1982  Search this
Mary Ann Carlton, American, born 1951  Search this
Delores Henderson, American  Search this
Joyce Lee, American  Search this
Joyce Means, American  Search this
Paula Hill, American  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with mat board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 11 7/8 × 17 7/8 in. (30.2 × 45.4 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 16 × 19 7/8 in. (40.6 × 50.5 cm)
H x W (Mat): 22 × 28 1/8 in. (55.9 × 71.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 25, 1968; printed 2010
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Pirkle Jones Foundation
Object number:
2012.83.6
Restrictions & Rights:
© Regents of the University of California
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
A Photo Essay on the Black Panthers, 1968
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd55e7a20c3-900d-4452-acc9-e05272a26ed2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.83.6

Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (approximate)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Business records
Plans (drawings)
Correspondence
Digital images
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Notes
Contracts
Videotapes
Slides (photographs)
Negatives
Memorandums
Sound recordings
Photographic prints
Date:
June 24-July 5, 1981
Summary:
The Smithsonian Institution Festival of American Folklife, held annually since 1967 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was renamed the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in 1998. The materials collected here document the planning, production, and execution of the annual Festival, produced by the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage (1999-present) and its predecessor offices (1967-1999). An overview of the entire Festival records group is available here: Smithsonian Folklife Festival records.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection documents the planning, production, and execution of the 1981 Festival of American Folklife. Materials may include photographs, audio recordings, motion picture film and video recordings, notes, production drawings, contracts, memoranda, correspondence, informational materials, publications, and ephemera. Such materials were created during the Festival on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., as well as in the featured communities, before or after the Festival itself.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 10 series.

Series 1: Program Books, Festival Publications, and Ephemera

Series 2: Adobe Architecture

Series 3: Arts Endowment Folk Arts Program

Series 4: A Celebration of the American Tent Show

Series 5: Children's Program

Series 6: Folklore of the Deaf

Series 7: Music and Crafts of the Southeastern United States

Series 8: Northeastern Music and Dance

Series 9: Ojibwa Culture

Series 10: South Slavic Americans
Historical note:
The Festival of American Folklife, held annually since 1967 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was renamed the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in 1998.

The 1981 Festival of American Folklife was produced by the Smithsonian Office of Folklife Programs and cosponsored by the National Park Service.

For more information, see Smithsonian Folklife Festival records.
Introduction:
In 1981, the fifteenth annual Festival of American Folklife returned to the summer, resuming the schedule of two five-day weeks that had characterized Festivals in the 1973-1975 era. The 1981 Festival would be the last held on a site on the National Mall later to be occupied by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, between 14th and 15th Streets and between Constitution Avenue and Madison Drive (see site plan).

Preparations for the Festival's return to summer involved going back to many old friends in mid-winter and asking them if they would make one or two kiln-loads of pottery in mid-spring for the coming Festival. The Folklife Program asked others, "Can you come to Washington for two weeks around the Fourth of July?" In keeping with the International Year of Disabled Persons, Festival organizers asked still others, 'Will you help us with a special program on the folklore of Deaf people?" The Smithsonian encountered approval at almost every turn. A return to summer was greeted with enthusiasm as was the combination of old themes with some new ones. The lengthened two-week format was appealing, and Fourth of ]uly weekend in the Nation's Capital sounded just fine, too.

The Smithsonian also turned to the Folk Arts Program of the National Endowment for the Arts to help out because the return to summer involved producing two Folklife Festivals in less than one year, and time for fieldwork was limited. The result was a series of daytime programs and evening concerts that drew on five years of intensive work on the part of the Arts Endowment in supporting folk arts performance and documentation.

The 1981 Program Book provided information on each of the programs.

The 1981 Festival was again co-presented by the Smithsonian Institution and National Park Service, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy and Music Performance Trust Funds. It was organized by the Office of Folklife Programs.

Folklife Advisory Council

Wilcomb E. Washburn, Chairman, Roger Abrahams, Richard Ahlborn, Richard Dorson, William Fitzhugh, Lloyd Herman, Robert Laughlin, Scott Odell, Ralph Rinzler, Peter Seitel, Richard Sorenson, Thomas Vennum

Office of Folklife Programs

Ralph Rinzler, Director; Richard Derbyshire, Archivist; Susan Kalcik, Folklorist; Jeffrey LaRiche, Program Coordinator; Jack Santino, Folklorist; Peter Seitel, Senior Folklorist; Thomas Vennum, Ethnomusicologist; Steve Zeitlin, Folklorist

National Park Service

Russell E. Dickenson, Director; Manus J. Fish, Jr., Regional Director, National Capital Region
Fieldworkers and presenters:
Erdye Betrand, Peggy Bulger, Simon Carmel, Marda Freeman, Monica Goubaud, Nick Hawes, Glen Hinson, Geraldine Johnson, Walter Mahovlich, Richard March, Brooks McNamara, Peter Nabokov, Alyce Newkirk, Earl Nyholm, Jo Radner, Kate Rinzler, Robert Sayers, Daniel Sheehy, Robert Teske, Margaret Yocom
Forms Part Of:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife forms part of the Smithsonian Folklife Festival records .

Smithsonian Folklife Festival records

Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: Papers

1967 Festival of American Folklife records - [Ongoing]
Related Archival Materials note:
Within the Rinzler Archives, related materials may be found in various collections such as the Ralph Rinzler papers and recordings, the Lily Spandorf drawings, the Diana Davies photographs, the Robert Yellin photographs, and the Curatorial Research, Programs, and Projects collection. Additional relevant materials may also be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives concerning the Division of Performing Arts (1966-1983), Folklife Program (1977-1980), Office of Folklife Programs (1980-1991), Center for Folklife Programs and Cultural Studies (1991-1999), Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage (1999-present), and collaborating Smithsonian units, as well as in the administrative papers of key figures such as the Secretary and respective deputies. Users are encouraged to consult relevant finding aids and to contact Archives staff for further information.
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk festivals  Search this
arts and crafts  Search this
Folklore  Search this
World music  Search this
Food habits  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Business records
Plans (drawings)
Correspondence
Digital images
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Notes
Contracts
Videotapes
Slides (photographs)
Negatives
Memorandums
Sound recordings
Photographic prints
Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1981
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-cfch-sff-1981
Online Media:

Maps, Accessibility, August 2010 (added "and culture" to National Museum of African American History and Culture, added another access symbol to NASM)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Visitor Services  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 14-034, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Visitor Services, Publications
See more items in:
Publications
Publications / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa14-034-refidd1e2475

National Museum of African American History and Culture - Comment Forms, FY 2010

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Visitor Services  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Oct-01-2027; Transferring office; 5/2/2013 memorandum, Wright to Lim; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-200, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Visitor Services, Visitor Comment Forms
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Visitor Comment Forms
Visitor Comment Forms / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa13-200-refidd1e1870

Royalty Statement for Hall Johnson

Written by:
G. Schirmer, Inc., American, founded 1861  Search this
Received by:
Hall Johnson, American, 1888 - 1970  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 1/2 × 8 in. (24.1 × 20.3 cm)
Type:
invoices
Place depicted:
634 Saint Nicholas Avenue Apt. 4D, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
December 1, 1967
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Spirituals (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Dr. Eugene Thamon Simpson, Representative, Hall Johnson Estate
Object number:
TA2013.166.9.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Hall Johnson Estate
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Hall Johnson Collection
Classification:
Archival Collections
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Exhibition:
Musical Crossroads
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd504b6b502-2afe-49f5-8841-0b2fa070735a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_TA2013.166.9.3
Online Media:

Oil lamp from the Jones-Hall-Sims House

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
glass, metal and cloth wick
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 1/2 × 6 × 6 in. (29.2 × 15.2 × 15.2 cm)
Type:
oil lamps
Place used:
Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1860-1900
Topic:
African American  Search this
Communities  Search this
Domestic life  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Reconstruction (United States History, 1865-1877)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Donated by Bradley and Shannon Rhoderick
Object number:
2009.25.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Furnishings, Housewares, and Décor
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd539a33fca-69c7-4af5-a1b6-3732cfc2ae17
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.25.5

Pilate! Pilate!

Title:
Sheet music for the Pilate! Pilate! chorus of the Son of Man cantata
Composed by:
Hall Johnson, American, 1888 - 1970  Search this
Medium:
ink and graphite on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 13/16 × 7 11/16 in. (27.5 × 19.5 cm)
Type:
sheet music
Date:
ca. 1946
Topic:
African American  Search this
Religion  Search this
Spirituals (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.59.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Carl Fischer Inc. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Sheet music
Exhibition:
Musical Crossroads
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e4b55644-df4d-41e7-8041-60b4c6849597
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.59.1
Online Media:

Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records

Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Extent:
108 Cubic feet (257 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Type specimens
Business records
Minutes
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1886-1997
Summary:
These records document primarily the history of typeface development at the Mergenthaler Linotype Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The company supplied most of the typesetting machines used in the printing industry, both in America and worldwide. As changing technology ended the usefulness of the linotype machine the company pioneered new computer-driven, photo typesetting machines.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the development of typefaces and contains some company business records, including reports, memoranda, correspondence, marketing materials, and other business papers; and typeface examples.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 13 series. The series level arrangement scheme was imposed during processing to facilitate a more usable order for the records. Several series documenting typeface were combined into a single series, Series 2: Typefaces.

In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials.

Series 1: Organizational Records, 1929-1997

Series 2: Office Files, 1908-1992

Series 3: Typefaces, 1904-1991

Subseries 3.1: Typefaces, 1923-1993

Subseries 3.2: Designers of Typeface, 1929-1987

Subseries 3.3: Technical Development of Typeface, 1933-1985

Subseries 3.4: Matrix Data for Typeface, 1923-1974

Subseries 3.5: Typographic Committee Meetings (Standards), 1984-1988

Series 4: Licensing Agreements, 1939-1988

Series 5: International Files, 1956-1989

Series 6: Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda, 1968-1994

Subseries 6.1: Domestic, 1968-1994 Subseries 6.2: Marketing, 1984-1993

Series 7: Variable Input Phototypesetter (VIP), 1970-1977

Series 8: Conferences, 1986-1993

Series 9: Executives' Records

Suberies 9.1: Brian Boyajian Files, 1989

Subseries 9.2: Bruce Brenner Files, 1981-1991

Subseries 9.3: Jackson Burke Files, 1956-1961

Subseries 9.4: Stephen "Steve" Byers Files, 1973-1995

Subseries 9.5: Ames Gutierrez Files, 1990-01-1991

Subseries 9.6: Karl Heidenreich Files, 1983

Subseries 9.7: Jürgen Krufcyzk Files, 1989-1990

Subseries 9.8: Franklin J. Lassman Files, 1984-1985

Subseries 9.9: Mike Parker Files, 1969-1981

Subseries 9.10: Ray Pell Files, 1982

Subseries 9.11: Günter Zorn Files, 1990-01-1990-12

Series 10: Sales Materials, 1886-1982

Series 11: Project Files, 1977-1987

Series 12: Xerox Corporation Materials, 1982-1989

Series 13: Adobe Systems Incorporated Materials, 1983-1993
Biographical:
Ottmar Mergenthaler (born May 11, 1854 in Hachtel (today: Bad Mergentheim), Kingdom of Württemberg; died October 28, 1899 in Baltimore, MD) was part of a large wave of German immigrants who sailed to the United States and settled in Baltimore between 1861 and 1910. He arrived in 1872, at eighteen years of age, and started working for his step-cousin August Hahl, who ran a workshop for electrical equipment and patent models. It was during Mergenthaler's time in Hahl's workshop that he first discovered his true passion: print technology. In 1885, thirteen years after landing in the United States, Mergenthaler was awarded a patent for a typesetting machine that eventually became known as the Linotype. The invention was the result of a decade of intense engagement with mechanized typesetting machines and the surrounding literature. The Linotype represented a major milestone in the history of printing, and, by extension, the larger history of Mergenthaler's time. His invention revolutionized the printing industry, making it possible to print faster and more efficiently than ever before. Ultimately, Mergenthaler's Linotype opened a new chapter in the history of mass communication and determined the path of the printing industry for the next century.

Mergenthaler Linotype Company was founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

Source

Tsaniou, Styliani. "Ottmar Mergenthaler." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 3, edited by Giles R. Hoyt. German Historical Institute. Last modified July 26, 2013. http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entry.php?rec=42
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Printing and Printers

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Presentation of Mergenthaler Linotype Machine to the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. (SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1521])

Smithsonian Trade Literature Collection

Mergenthaler Linotype Company catalogs

National Postal Museum

Ottmar Mergenthaler, postage stamp, 1996. See 1997.2004.49.

Smithsonian American Art Museums

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See IAS 08650110.

National Portrait Gallery

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See NPG.79.77.

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Linotype Machine used by the Chicago Defender Publishing Company, 1902-1906. See NMAAHC-2012.18.

Materials at Other Organizations

University of Delaware Library, Special Collections Department

Mergenthaler Linotype Collection, 1881-1954

Eight linear feet of materials including letters, legal papers, and patents. The collection represents only a limited portion of the company's history.

University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center

Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers, 1903-1969, undated

Primarily of manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century.

Syracuse University Libraries, Special Collections Research Center

William Addison Dwiggins Collection, 1927

Typewritten manuscript for an essay written by Dwiggins and related correspondence.

University of Maryland, Special Collections

William Addision Dwiggins Collection, 1902-1990

Includes over 130 volumes and over 30 pieces of ephemera documenting Dwiggins's design career, as well as works written about him.

New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division

Paul A. Bennett papers, 1925-1966

Personal and professional correspondence, research materials, typescripts of writings, and other papers relating to Bennett's career in advertising and his work with the Typophiles. Includes material relating to the Chap Book series, published by the Typophiles.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds objects related to the Mergenthaler Linotype Company that include books, models, linofilm system, matrices, typecasting and typesetting machine, reports, and letters.

See accessions: 1981.1011; GA.22989; GA.22952; GA 22984; GA.22948; GA.22951; 22949; GA.22953; ZZ.RSN85692F20; GA.24877; GA.23057; GA.24582; 1979.0372.1; GA.22988; GA.22950; GA.17070; GA.22947; GA.22959; GA.22961; GA.22986; GA.22987; GA.22955.
Provenance:
Donated by Mergenthaler Linotype Company in 1998 and 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Typesetting  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Type designers  Search this
Typesetting machines  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Type specimens
Business records -- 20th century
Minutes -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0666
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0666
Online Media:

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