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National Maritime Union of America

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Container:
Reel 5216, Frame 1548-1565
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Scope and Contents note:
(correspondence about murals for the union's new headquarters; request from Joseph Hirsch to be considered for the commission, and letter from Kent to Hugo Gellert expressing disappointment in the finished mural; printed matter; invitations to special events; arrangements for exhibition of Soviet posters)
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Rockwell Kent papers / Series 1: Alphabetical Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw933d9dc0b-3987-4070-ba96-93ca026e539a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref2692

National Maritime Union of America, cont.

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Container:
Reel 5217, Frame 3-97
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Rockwell Kent papers / Series 1: Alphabetical Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c8a5ba0d-1d15-4cf8-b606-1bde72e44ad3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref2694

Alphabetical Files

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Extent:
(Reels 5153-5249, 5256, 5740-5741)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1900-1971, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This series contains Kent's personal and professional correspondence, along with business records of the dairy farm and associated enterprises; also included are printed matter on a wide variety of topics and promotional literature relating to organizations and causes of interest to him. Voluminous correspondence with his three wives, five children, and other relatives, as well as with literally hundreds of friends--both lifelong and of brief duration--illuminates Kent's private life and contributes to understanding of his complex character. Among the many correspondents of note are: his art teachers William Merritt Chase, Robert Henri, and Kenneth Hayes Miller; fellow artists Tom Cleland, Arthur B. Davies, James Fitzgerald, Hugo Gellert, Harry Gottleib, Marsden Hartley, Charles Keller, and Ruth Reeves; collectors Duncan Phillips and Dan Burne Jones; critics J. E. Chamberlain and Walter Pach; and dealers Charles Daniel, Felix Wildenstein, and Macbeth Galleries. Kent corresponded with such diverse people as Arctic explorers Peter Freuchen, Knud Rasmussen, and Vilhjalmar Steffanson; composer Carl Ruggles and songwriters Lee Hays and Pete Seeger; civil rights pioneers Paul Robeson and Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois; writers Bayard Boyesen, Scott and Helen Nearing, and Louis Untermeyer; and art historian and print curator Carl Zigrosser.

Kent's interest and involvement in the labor movement are reflected in correspondence with officials and members of a wide variety and large number of unions and related organizations, among them: the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, Farmers' Union of the New York Milk Shed, International Workers Order, National Maritime Union, and United Office and Professional Workers of America. Of special interest is his participation, often in leadership roles, in various attempts to organize artists. Files on the American Artists' Congress, Artists League of America, The Artists Union, United American Artists, and United Scenic Artists contain particularly valuable material on the movement.

A supporter of New Deal efforts to aid artists, Kent was actively interested in the various programs and often was critical of their limitations; he advocated continuing federal aid to artists after the Depression abated. The Kent Papers include correspondence with the Federal Arts Project, Federal Fine Arts Project, Federal Writers' Project, and the War Department, as well as correspondence with the Citizens' Committee for Government Art Projects and President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the subject.

Kent's professional correspondence documents exhibitions, sales, consignments, and reproduction of prints and paintings. He kept meticulous records of his advertising commissions and illustration work. Detailed correspondence with publishers and printers indicates Kent's involvement in the technical aspects of production and provides a good overview of the publishing industry during the mid-twentieth century.

Business records of Asgaard Farm include records of the dairy and transfer of ownership to its employees, tax and employee information, and documents concerning several related business ventures such as distributorships for grain, feed, and farm implements.

Letters to Rockwell Kent from wives Frances and Sally (Shirley Johnstone), sealed during Sally's lifetime, became available for research in 2000 and were microfilmed later on reels 5740-5741.
Arrangement note:
File titles are, in most cases, those used by Rockwell and Sally Kent, with some minor changes for consistency. The Kents' filing system included a "Miscellaneous" designation for each letter of the alphabet, used for single items or small quantities not requiring separate folders. To facilitate access and for ease of microfilm use, contents of the miscellaneous folders have been interfiled in sequence.

Material is arranged alphabetically, usually by the name of the individual or organization represented, though some file titles represent subjects or occasions (e.g., "Spanish Causes" and "Birthday").

Records are arranged chronologically within each file; brief summaries are provided for many titles, usually where there is a significant amount of material. Cross-referencing is supplied where possible to indicate areas of overlap, inconsistencies in filing, or name changes; references are to other file titles within this series.

The bulk of this series has been digitized. Material of very specialized or limited interest (e.g. banking records, dairy immunization records, employee tax records, dog licenses etc.) has not been digitized.
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kentrock, Series 1
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95b76f034-9e12-4149-9f05-b1169f2cbfb6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref15

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2, 8)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1920-1986
Scope and Contents note:
This series contains the correspondence of Hugo Gellert. Most of the correspondence is of a professional nature, related to Gellert's activities as an artist, political organizer, and activist. Correspondents include artists, friends, family members, Communist Party and Popular Front leaders, labor union leaders, federal art programs personnel, writers, historians, publishers, Hungarian cultural and political figures, and fellow activists. Significant correspondents in this series include Maurice Becker, William Patterson, Floyd Dell, Philip Evergood, Howard Fast, Mike Gold, Robert Gwathmey, and Rockwell Kent.

Letters from individuals involved in leftist political organizations and activities are common throughout the series. In addition to Gellert's fellow Communists and Socialists, a wide variety of political groups are represented, including those concerned with artists' employment and welfare issues, anti-fascist organizations, organized labor, watchdog groups and defense committees for civil liberties during the McCarthy era, advocates for jailed Mexican artist David Siqueiros, and American civil rights groups. Also found is correspondence with editors of publications for which Gellert supplied illustrations, and letters concerning exhibitions and murals.

Noteworthy items found in correspondence include a lengthy letter written by John Dos Passos enclosed with a circa 1930s letter from Carlo Tresca, a draft of an essay by Carl Sandburg with a 1942 letter, and an original New Year's card by Gellert for 1951. Drafts of outgoing letters from 1946 contain a number of sketches of Australian landscapes by Gellert.

See Appendix for names of selected individuals, organizations, and publications found in Series 2.
Arrangement note:
Letters received are interfiled with drafts of outgoing letters in chronological order. Undated correspondence that can be estimated within a decade is filed at the end of each decade with "circa" dates. Additional undated correspondence is filed at the end of the series. Outgoing drafts are common in correspondence and often have estimated dates.

Additional correspondence is found in the Organizational Records series. Additional cards made by Gellert are filed with Artwork. See series description for further details.
Appendix: Selected Individuals, Organizations, and Publications in Series 2:
The following is an index to selected individuals, publications, and organizations represented in the Correspondence in Series 2. This index is not comprehensive.

Additional correspondence is found with Series 4, Organizational Records, and is described in the container listing for that series. Letters which were mass mailings from dozens of political organizations can also be found in Series 5, Printed Materials.

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU): 1935 (Lucille Milner)

American Committee Against Fascist Oppression in Germany: 1934 (Louis Gibarti)

American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born: 1962 (Annette Provinzano)

American League against War and Fascism: 1937 (Albert Prentis)

American Magazine -- : 1935

American Russian Institute: 1952 (Irene Miller, Holland Roberts)

Americans for Democratic Action: 1956 (Edward D. Hollander)

An American Group: 1940 (to Clifton Woodrum)

Aptheker, Herbert: 1959

Arms, John Taylor: 1952 (see also Series 4)

Artists Conference of the Americas: 1939

Artists League of America: 1942 (Dan Koerner)

Artists' Cooperative Group: 1943 (B. Nuno)

Association des Ecrivants et Artistes Revolutionnaries: 1933 (R. Ginsburger)

Balch, Earle: 1932

Bauch, Solomon "Stan": 1941

Becker, Maurice: 1951-1953, 1961, undated

Berkowitz, Harry: 1954

Bonnett, Clarence E.: 1937

Bramer, Nan: 1952

Breines, Simon: 1947, 1971

Bromsen, Archibald: 1940 (labor lawyer)

Brook, Alex: 1939

Buck, Pearl: 1953

Caswell, Edward: 1960

Chiostergi, Alessandro L.: 1937

Citizen's Committee for Constitutional Liberties: 1962 (Miriam Friedlander)

Citizens Emergency Defence Committee: 1953 (Sam Kanter)

Civil Rights Congress: 1953 (William L. Patterson)

Committee for Social Re-Education: 1934 (Jose Vallon)

Committee to End Sedition Laws: 1955 (Allan D. McNeil)

d'Harnoncourt, Rene: 1946

Davidson, Jo: 1944, 1945 (Independent Voters Committee of Artists, Writers, and Scientists)

Davis, Ben Jr.: 1942, undated

Decker, W.J.: 1956

Dell, Floyd: 1930

Dinnerstein, Harvey: 1960 (catalog)

Direction -- : 1942 (Marguerite Tjader Harris)

Dorner, Hannah: 1943

Dos Passos, John: circa 1930s

Dow, Hume: 1947

Durus, Alfred (a.k.a. Alfred Kemeny): 1935-1936

Einhorn, Nat: 1955

Ellis, Ethel: 1959 (re: Fred Ellis)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee: 1957-1958

Engel, Michael: 1962 (Audobon Artists)

Evergood, Philip: 1955, 1961 (See also Series 4)

Fast, Howard: 1951, 1954, 1955

Fiene, Ernest: 1939

Fine Arts Federation, NY: 1935

Fitelson, H. William: 1934 (entertainment lawyer, artists guilds)

Foreman, Clark: 1958

Fossum, Sydney: 1943

Friedlander, Miriam: 1962

Gainer, Morris: 1955

Garabedian, John: 1962 (Hudson Guild Theater Workshop)

Garcia, J. Uriel: 1943

Garst, Robert: 1951

Gibarti, Louis: 1934

Ginsburger, R.: 1933

Gold, Mike: see Granich, Mike

Granich, Grace: 1954

Granich, Mike (a.k.a. Mike Gold, born Irving Granich): 1956

Greenbaum, Dorothea: 1940 (Sculptor's Guild)

Gropper, William: 1951

Gwathmey, Robert: 1959, undated

Hall, Rob: 1952

Hardy, Lewis: 1955

Harris, Marguerite Tjader: 1942

Hars, Laszlo: 1953, 1955

Hartley, Paul: 1944 (National Art Foundation)

Hecht, Rosa: 1955

Henri Barbusse Memorial Committee: 1937

Hollander, Edward D.: 1956

International Bureau of Revolutionary Artists: 1935-1936 (Alfred Durus, a.k.a. Alfred Kemeny)

Joint Committee to Defend WPA Workers: 1941, 1942 (Ronald Shilen)

Jones, Alec: 1955, 1958

Kantor, Sam: 1953

Karolyi, Michael, Count: 1941, 1946

Kauffer, Edward McKnight: 1945

Kent, Rockwell: 1937, 1944, 1952-1953 (See also Series 4)

Klonsky, Bob: 1955

Koerner, Dan: 1942

Kohn, Robert D.: 1935 (architect)

Kovalski, Stanislaw: 1955 (Polish embassy)

Ksnyik, Andras: 1978

Laffitte, Jean: 1955

Lie, Jonas: 1939

Lorber, Dr. Herman "Harry": circa 1930s

Mabry, Thomas D.: 1942 (Graphics Div, Office of War Information)

Macagy, Jermayne: 1955

Magyar Jövo -- (Hungarian Daily Journal): 1952 (Alex Rosner), 1953

Mainstream -- : 1962

Maldonado, R.: 1978 (Smithsonian Labor History Project)

Manship, Paul: 1939, undated

Marceau, Henri: 1946

Marquardt, Virginia: 1978

Maruki, Toshiko and Iri: 1960

Masses and Mainstream -- : 1952 (Samuel Sillen), 1954 (Joe)

McNeil, Alan D: 1955

Michelson, Herman: 1934

Milner, Lucile: 1935

Moore, Sam: 1953

Nagy, Janos: 1956

National Association of Women Painters and Sculptors: 1940 (Bianca Todd)

National Council of American Soviet Friendship: 1943 (Hannah Dorner)

National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions: 1952 (Nan Bramer)

National Maritime Union: 1944 (Louis Oguss, M. Hedley Stone)

New Masses -- : 1934 (Sean, Herman Michelson)

New World Review -- : 1952 (Jessica Smith)

New York Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born: 1955 (Alec Jones)

Nuno, B.: 1943

Oguss, Louis: 1944

Oldham, John and Ray: circa 1930s

Ottley, Roi: 1943 (National CIO Committee)

Patrás, Pal: 1955

Patterson, William L.: 1953-1954

People's World -- : 1956 (W.J. Decker)

Perlo, Ellen: 1984

Perrot, Paul: 1960 (Corning Museum)

Philadelphia Forum of Social Sciences: 1955 (Bob Klonsky)

Popper, Lilly: 1953-1954

Prentis, Albert: 1937

Provisional Workers and People's Committee for May Day: 1955 (Morris Gainer), 1960 (Max Rosen)

Putnam and Sons: 1935 (Quintin Rossi)

Reed, Alman: 1955

Reisman, Philip: 1962, circa 1960s

Rickey, George: 1937

Rosen, Max: 1955

Rosner, A.: 1952, 1959

Rosner, Deak: 1955

Rossen, John: 1955

Rossi, Quintin: 1935

Royce, Edward: 1955

Sandburg, Carl: 1942

Sapiro, Aaron: 1932

Schappes Defense Committee: 1941 (Morris U. Shappes)

Schoen, Eugene: 1932, 1934

Schwartz, Morris: 1951

Selsam: 1951

Sequenzia, Sofia: 1983

Shields, T.A. "Art": 1959

Shillen, Ronald: 1942

Siegelbaum, Portia: 1978

Sillen, Samuel: 1952

Smith, Jessica: 1952

Soglow, Otto: 1942

Solomon: Dave: 1954 (New Talents Gallery), 1956

Starobin, Joseph: 1955

Steffens, Lincoln: 1934 (journalist)

Stone, M. Hedley: 1944

Street, Julian Jr.: 1940

Tandy, W. Lou: 1953

Time -- : 192-

Todd, Bianca: 1940 (See also Series 4)

Tresca, Carlo: circa 1930s (anarchist)

Turner, Jeannette S.: 1957-1960

Tyler, Hugh: 1939 (WPA)

Vallon, Jose: 1934

Van Rensselaer, Sylvia: 1944 ("Portrait of America Competition" report)

Weber, Max: 1953 (See also Series 4)

Weyhe Gallery: 1947

Wilson, Steve: 1959 (Progressive Lithographers)

The Worker -- : 1952 (Rob Hall)

World Council of Peace: 1955 (Jean Laffitte)

World -- : 1925

Zigrosser, Carl: 1937

Zorach, Bill: 1942

Zundel, Eugenia: 1957, 1959

Zurier, Rebecca: 1984, circa 1980s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gellhugo, Series 2
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93d1449f1-69ff-4772-bdc0-08ac34acc09e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-gellhugo-ref31

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Extent:
2.9 Linear feet (Boxes 2-5)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1923-1960
Scope and Contents note:
Series consists primarily of McCausland's professional and, to a lesser extent, personal correspondence, which includes general, artist, and some family correspondence. Correspondence typically consists of letters to and copies of letters from McCausland, along with enclosures (such as clippings and other printed material; contracts, agreements, and other business and financial papers; and proposals and manuscripts) and related material (such as notes, illustrations, and writings). Correspondents include artists, art organizations, museums, curators, editors, publishers, scholars, research institutions, her agent (Mary Squire Abbot), friends, and her mother, Belle Noble McCausland. Correspondence largely documents McCausland's various professional activities as an art critic, art historian, and freelance writer, and her relationships with various figures of the art and publishing worlds before, during, and immediately after the Second World War.

General correspondence relates to articles and reviews that McCausland wrote for the Springfield Republican; to freelance articles she wrote over the years for various publications, including ones for Parnassus, The New Republic, and Magazine of Art, as well as yearly articles for various encyclopedias (such as Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Americana, and Collier Encyclopedia); and to various book projects, including Changing New York (1939), Careers in the Arts (1950), and ones on the artists E. L. Henry, George Inness, and Alfred H. Maurer. General correspondence also relates to her teaching job at Sarah Lawrence College and other courses taught; to various editing projects, including photo-editing Carl Sandburg's Poems of the Midwest and the planned book Art and Advertising; her work as a research consultant on the American Processional exhibition and book, and on other exhibitions; and her involvement in various art and social organization, as well as her participation in various conferences. General correspondence largely documents McCausland's tireless efforts to drum up work, and to fund (through various grants and fellowships) and carry out her many research and writing projects.

Correspondence from particular artists, including Arthur Dove, Louis Eilshemius, Marsden Hartley, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz, was maintained by McCausland in files separate from general correspondence. Artist correspondence documents her relationships with these artists - particularly well-documented are her relationships with Dove and Stieglitz - and the artists' reactions to her reviews of their shows. Files of artist correspondence also include some of McCausland's own notes on her feelings about or relationship with particular artists.

Family correspondence consists almost entirely of letters and copies of letters from McCausland to her mother, Belle Noble McCausland. These seem to have originated from the scrapbook kept by McCausland's mother which can be found amongst personal papers.

See Appendix for a list of notable correspondents from Series 2
Arrangement note:
General correspondence is arranged in rough chronological order. Within individual yearly files, McCausland often grouped together letters to and from a particular correspondent; this existing organization has for the most part been maintained. Selected artist correspondence and family correspondence are arranged in files at the end of the series. Correspondence can also be found amongst research and writing files.
Appendix: Notable Correspondents from Series 2:
List represents only a selection of correspondents from general correspondence.

A. A. Wynn Inc.: 1951

ACA Gallery: 1941, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1947

Abbot, Mary Squire (McIntosh and Otis Company): 1941, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1958

Abbott, Berenice: 1934

Adams, Charles: 1938, 1939, 1940, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952

Adams, Harriet Dyer: 1946

Adelphi College: 1953

Adlow, Dorothy ( -- Christian Science Monitor -- ): 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954

Albany Institute of History and Art: 1946, 1947

Aldrich, Adolf: 1945

American Academy of Arts and Sciences: 1946, 1947

American Artist Magazine -- : 1952

American Artists Congress: 1938, 1939, 1942

American Artists Group: 1939, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1950

American Association of University Women: 1951

American Federation of Arts: 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1956

American Museum of Natural History: 1944

American Newspaper Guild: 1942

American Philosophical Society: 1947

Anderson, Mrs. Sherwood (Eleanor): 1949

Antiques -- : 1955

Arden, Elizabeth: 1937

Arnason, H. Harvard (Walker Art Center): 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954

Art Digest -- : 1951

Art in America -- (see also Jean Lipman): 1957

Art Institute of Chicago: 1945, 1947

Art of this Century: 1944

Artists for Victory: 1944

Artists Equity Association: 1956

Artists League of America: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945

Artists Society for National Defense: 1941

Associated American Artists: 1940

Baltimore Museum of Art: 1953

Bard College: 1953

Barnes, Djuna: 1951

Barr, Alfred H.: 1939, 1944, 1947, 1951

Barr, Norman: 1941, 1942, 1943, 1945

Baumann, Gustave: 1946

Baur, John I. H.: 1939, 1942, 1946

Beam, Lura: 1945, 1958

Beard, Mary: 1938, 1939, 1944

Benn, Ben: 1951

Bennington School of the Arts: 1940

Berkshire Museum: 1939, 1940

Biddle, George: 1947

The Bobbs-Merrill Company: 1944

Bourke-White, Margaret (letter to Berenice Abbott): 1940

Brewster, William F.: 1954, 1955

The Brooklyn Museum: 1943, 1945, 1948, 1954

Brown, Milton: 1945

Buchholz Gallery: 1941, 1943

Butler, Joseph (Butler Institute of Art): 1954, 1955

Cahill, Holger: 1937, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1950

Carter, Clarence H.: 1945, 1946

Cinema -- : 1947

Clarke, Bert: 1950

Constantine, Mildred: 1939, 1941, 1942

Cook, Waldo Leland: 1949

Cooper Union: 1949, 1952

Cooper Union Art School: 1947, 1948

Corcoran Gallery of Art: 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951

Cowdrey, Mary Bartlett (Smith College Museum of Art): 1943, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954

Crawley, Lawrence: 1950

Crehan, Hubert ( -- Art Digest -- ): 1953

Crichlow, Ernest: 1941

Curran, Charles: 1942

D'Harnoncourt, Rene: 1947

Daura, Pierre: 1949, 1951, 1954

Detroit Institute of Arts: 1945

Devree, Howard: 1949

Diamond (Rotkin), Adele: 1941

Donato, Louis: 1939

Dows, Olin: 1942

Eames, Charles: 1950, 1951

Estler, William C.: 1944

Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors: 1946

Fitch, George: 1955

Fitch, James: 1940

Fortune Magazine -- : 1946

Francis, Robert: 1940, 1942, 1943

Frick Art Reference Library: 1944, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1958

Friedman, William: 1939

Fuerstenberg, Eugenia Maurer: 1950, 1951

Fulton, W. Joseph (University of Chicago): 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959

G. P. Putnam's Sons: 1937

Genauer, Emily: 1947

George Walter Vincent Art Museum (Cordelia Sargent Pond): 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948

Gibran, Khalil: 1928

Gilbert, Dorothy: 1950

Godsoe, Robert Ulrich: 1951

Golden, Samuel (see also American Artists Group): 1946

Goodrich, Lloyd: 1942, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1952

Goodwin, Phillip L.: 1943

Gottlieb, Harry: 1944

Griffin, Maude: 1953

Graham, Martha: 1934, 1942

Grossman, Sid: 1938

Gwathmey, Robert: 1945

Harcourt, Brace and Company: 1947, 1949

Harper and Brothers: 1951

Hayes, Bartlett (Addison Gallery of Art): 1942, 1945, 1947

Hess, Thomas ( -- Art News -- ): 1950

Hope, Henry (University of Indiana): 1949, 1950

International Fine Arts Council: 1950

Irvine, Rosalind: 1952

J. B. Lippincott Company: 1951, 1952

Jacques Seligmann and Company: 1938

James, Rebecca Salsbury: 1951

Javitz, Romana: 1946, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955

Jewell, Edward Alden: 1946, 1947

John Day Company: 1950, 1951, 1955

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation: 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1952, 1953

Jones, Howard Mumford (Harvard University): 1947

Kauffer, E. McKnight: 1946

Kent, Rockwell: 1945, 1946

Kirstein, Lincoln: 1941, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1947

Kish, Maurice: 1945

Kistler, Aline: 1941

Knight Publishers Inc.: 1938

Kuniyoshi, Yasuo: 1945

Landon, Edward: 1939

Lange, Dorothea: 1945

Larkin, Oliver: 1943, 1944, 1949

Leeper, John and Blanche (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1950, 1951, 1954

Leighton, George: 1945

Lerner, Abe (see also World Publishing Company): 1950, 1951

Lipman, Jean: 1945, 1946, 1947, 1952

Lipton, Norman C. ( -- Good Photography -- ): 1941, 1942, 1943

Longman, Lester: 1940

MacMahon, Audrey (see also -- Parnassus -- ): 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942

The MacMillan Company: 1943, 1947, 1949, 1950

Magazine of Art -- : 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947

Magriel, Paul: 1954

Maurer, Alfred L.: 1951

Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1943, 1947, 1955

Miller, Dorothy: 1950, 1951

Milwaukee Art Institute: 1948

Minicam Photography -- : 1941, 1943, 1944

Modernage Furniture Corp.: 1945

More, Herman (Whitney Museum of American Art): 1954

Morton, Phillip: 1951, 1952

Mount Holyoke College: 1943

Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute: 1956

Museum of Modern Art: 1934, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945

Museum of the City of New York: 1958

N.W. Ayer and Son: 1945, 1946, 1950

The Nation -- : 1940, 1955

National Gallery of Art: 1944, 1945

National Maritime Union: 1945

Navas, Elizabeth: 1952, 1953, 1954

Neuberger, Roy: 1952

The New American Library -- : 1955, 1956

The New Republic -- : 1944, 1947

The New School for Social Research: 1945

The New York Herald Tribune -- : 1945, 1947

New York Historical Society: 1943

New York Public Library: 1943, 1955, 1956

New York State Museum: 1949

The New York Times -- : 1940

Newark Museum: 1944

Newhall, Beaumont: 1944

Newhall, Nancy: 1945

Norman, Dorothy: 1934, 1937, 1938, 1940

Old Print Shop: 1945

Olmsted, Anna Wetherill (Syracuse Museum of Art): 1950

Opportunity -- : 1943, 1944, 1945

Ossorio, Alfonso: 1953

P. F. Collier and Son Corp.: 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1958

Pach, Walter: 1955

Parnassus -- : 1939

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art: 1951

Pepsi-Cola Company: 1944, 1945

Philadelphia Art Alliance: 1946

Pierre Matisse Gallery: 1938, 1939

Popular Photography -- : 1943

Portland Art Museum: 1940

Porter, Eliot: 1954

Printer's Ink (Carl Weiss): 1951

Railway Express Agency: 1949

Rivera, Diego: 1949

Rogers, John C.: 1941

Roosevelt, Eleanor: 1944

Rosenblum, Walter: 1944

Rothschild, Lincoln: 1937, 1942, 1945, 1946, 1949

Royce, William: 1933, 1934, 1935, 1942, 1958

Rukeyser, Muriel: 1941, 1950



San Francisco Chronicle -- : 1951, 1953

Sarah Lawrence College: 1942, 1943, 1944

Saturday Evening Post -- : 1946

Schlesinger, Arthur: 1943

School Art League of New York City: 1953, 1954

Schwimmer, Rosika: 1933, 1935, 1943

Sculpture's Guild: 1938, 1940, 1941

Segy, Ladislaw: 1943

Shelter -- : 1939

Sloan, John: 1951

Smith College Museum of Art: 1939, 1954

Soby, James Thrall: 1935, 1946, 1951

Social Science Research Council: 1948

Springfield Museum of Fine Art: 1938, 1940, 1941

Standard Oil: 1946

Stein, Gertrude: 1934

Sterling, Charles (Department of Painting, The Louvre): 1951

Strand, Paul: 1942

Survey Associates -- : 1938, 1939

Sweeney, James John: 1954, 1955, 1956

Thornton, Russell (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1951, 1952, 1953

Time Magazine -- : 1945

Toklas, Alice B.: 1949

Traphagen School of Fashion: 1957

U.S. Camera -- : 1940

University of Chicago Library: 1951

University of Minnesota: 1951

University of Nebraska: 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957

Vanderbilt, Paul (Library of Congress): 1950

Vogue Magazine -- : 1953

Vose, Robert C.: 1945

Wade, Henry: 1954

Walker Art Center: 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951

Walker, Hudson: 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952

Ward, Lynd: 1942, 1945, 1947



Western Photography -- : 1946

Weston, Edward: 1943

Weyhe Gallery: 1940, 1951

Wheaton College: 1955

Wheeler, Monroe: 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945

Whitney Museum of American Art: 1946, 1947, 1951

Wichita Art Association: 1947

Williams, Hermann Warner (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954

Wilson, Sol: 1945

Worcester Art Museum: 1943, 1945

World Publishing Company: 1946, 1949, 1950, 1955

Yale University Art Gallery: 1949

Yale University Library: 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954

Young, Art: 1941

Young Artists Guild: 1948
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1995, bulk 1920-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.mccaeliz, Series 2
See more items in:
Elizabeth McCausland papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c5d24e2b-e768-46c3-ad9f-cdb7e238e691
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccaeliz-ref60

Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961

Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Subject:
Wildenstein, Felix  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Hays, Lee  Search this
Untermeyer, Louis  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Robeson, Paul  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)  Search this
Ruggles, Carl  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur  Search this
Nearing, Helen  Search this
Nearing, Scott  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Rasmussen, Knud  Search this
Reeves, Ruth  Search this
Seeger, Pete  Search this
Daniel, Charles  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland)  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Chamberlain, J. E.  Search this
Boyesen, Bayard  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Freuchen, Peter  Search this
Gellert, Hugo  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Fitzgerald, James  Search this
Keller, Charles  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Jones, Dan Burne  Search this
United American Artists  Search this
United Office and Professional Workers of America  Search this
United Scenic Artists  Search this
National Farmers' Union (U.S.)  Search this
National Maritime Union of America  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Citizens' Committee for Government Arts Projects  Search this
Farmers Union of the New York Milk Shed  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Writers' Project  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
International Workers Order  Search this
Type:
Poems
Sketches
Business records
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Politics and culture  Search this
Authors -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Political aspects  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Art and war  Search this
Commercial art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9557
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211757
AAA_collcode_kentrock
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211757
Online Media:

National Maritime Union of America

Collection Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1962
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Bridget R. Sutton via Bridget's son, Tim Sutton. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Anton Refregier papers / Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files / 5.1: Murals
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e21b694b-eef1-4c6a-9234-a0ccad27bc1c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-refranto-ref355

Theodore G. Haupt papers, 1952-1976

Creator:
Haupt, Theodore G., 1902-  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7687
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209850
AAA_collcode_hauptheo
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209850

National Maritime Union

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1930s-1950s
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Labor & Labor Unions, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Labor & Labor Unions
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Labor & Labor Unions / Organization Records, Literature, and Photographs / 1: Labor Organizations / 1.1: Unions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89ec0c7d2-f5ae-4d43-b5c0-794a75a05e8e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-labor-ref556

National Maritime Union of America Tanker Strike

Measurements:
overall: 2 1/2 in x 4 in; 6.35 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
clearance card
Date made:
1939
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard Bethell
ID Number:
2005.3081.09
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-b18b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1290915

id plate, national maritime union

Object Name:
Id Plate, National Maritime Union
ID Number:
1995.3092.01
Catalog number:
1995.3092.01
Nonaccession number:
1995.3092
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-2946-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1181526

receipt, national maritime union

Object Name:
Receipt, National Maritime Union
ID Number:
1995.3092.23
Catalog number:
1995.3092.23
Nonaccession number:
1995.3092
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-3a52-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1181552

receipt, national maritime union

Object Name:
Receipt, National Maritime Union
ID Number:
1995.3092.24
Catalog number:
1995.3092.24
Nonaccession number:
1995.3092
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-3a53-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1181553

National Maritime Union

Measurements:
overall: 11 cm x 7 cm; 4 5/16 in x 2 3/4 in
Object Name:
Booklet
Credit Line:
Gift of Fereuza Gifford
ID Number:
2002.3039.06
Catalog number:
2002.3039.06
Accession number:
2002.3039
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-e479-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1029239

Theodore G. Haupt papers

Creator:
Haupt, Theodore G., 1902-  Search this
Extent:
24 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1952-1976
Scope and Contents:
Business correspondence; a career resume; a copy of a contract with the National Maritime Union for a portrait of Shannon Wall; a photo of Haupt and photos of his works; exhibition catalogs and announcements; and clippings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York City. WPA artist. Born in St. Paul, Minnesota on October 11, 1902. Worked in St. Paul in 1920's and 1930's, then went to New York. Member of Artist's Equity.
Provenance:
Donated 1979 by Theodore Haupt.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.hauptheo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw906fd828d-51ca-4f60-87ee-e80b6146756e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hauptheo

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Hayden, Palmer C., 1890-1973  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931-1967
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Palmer C. Hayden papers, 1920-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Palmer C. Hayden papers
Palmer C. Hayden papers / Series 3: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9291a2764-be79-4a8f-bf4e-8c464778484b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-haydpalm-ref38
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Correspondence digital asset number 1

Hugo Gellert papers

Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Names:
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Art of Today Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artist's Committee of Action (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Coordination Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Council  Search this
Artists for Victory, Inc.  Search this
Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome  Search this
Hungarian Word, Inc.  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Derkovits, Gyula, 1894-1934  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Gellert, Ernest  Search this
Gellert, Lawrence, 1898-1979  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reisman, Philip, 1904-  Search this
Sequenzia, Sofia  Search this
Extent:
6.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
1916-1986
Summary:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical political left through an interview, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, extensive printed materials (many of them illustrated by Gellert), photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical left through an oral interview conducted by Sofia Sequenzia, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, clippings, exhibition catalogs, various printed materials illustrated by Gellert, pamphlets, periodicals, mass mailings, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical Material includes an audio interview with Gellert; official documents related to memberships, property, and legal matters; financial documents that include bills, receipts, and contracts related to professional activities; papers of Gellert's brothers, Lawrence and Ernest; and artifacts. Correspondence is with other artists, writers, publishers, activists, friends, and family, including Ernest Fiene, Rockwell Kent, Harry Gottlieb, William Gropper, Philip Evergood, Howard Fast, and Jonas Lie. Writings include essays, book projects, notes, and notebooks written by Gellert; and stories and articles by other authors, including typescripts of early twentieth-century Hungarian short stories collected by Gellert.

Organizational Records are related to political and art organizations in which Gellert was an active organizer, officer, and in some cases, a founder. Because of his central role in many of these organizations, records often contain unique documentation of their activities. Records are found for the American Artists Congress, the Art of Today Gallery, the Artists Committee of Action, the Artists Coordination Committee, the Artists Council, Artists for Victory, Inc., the Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome, Hungarian Word, Inc., the National Society of Mural Painters, and other organizations.

Printed materials include a variety of political publications and periodicals with illustrations by Gellert, including New Masses, Art Front, Magyar Szo, and American Dialog; clippings related to his career, exhibition catalogs, political pamphlets, Hungarian literature, and mass mailings received from political organizations. Photographs contain a few personal photographs but are mostly news and publicity photographs, many of which depict prominent Communists and other newsmakers. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, designs, prints, and production elements for Gellert's artwork, as well as prints and drawings by Philip Reisman, Gyula Derkovits, and Anton Refregier.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-1982 (Box 1 and OV 9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 1-2, 8; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1916-1970 (Boxes 2 and 8; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Organizational Records, circa 1920-1977 (Boxes 3, 8, and OV 9; 1 linear foot)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 4-6, 8, and OV 9; 3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1920-1959 (Boxes 6-7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1927-1981 (Box 7, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert was born Hugo Grünbaum in Budapest, Hungary in 1892, the oldest of six children. His family immigrated to New York City in 1906, eventually changing their family name to Gellert.

Gellert attended art school at Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design. As a student, he designed posters for movies and theater, and also worked for Tiffany Studios. A number of student art prizes with cash awards enabled him to travel to Europe in the summer of 1914, where he witnessed the outbreak of World War I, an experience which helped shape his political beliefs. Aesthetically, he was also influenced by a folk revival among Hungarian artists at the time of his trip, and was more impressed, he later said, with the street advertising in Paris than he was with the cubism he saw in the Louvre.

Returning to the United States, Gellert became involved in the Hungarian-American workers' movement, and contributed drawings to its newspaper, Elöre (Forward). He remained involved in Hungarian-American art and activism throughout his life, including membership in the anti-fascist group, the Anti-Horthy League. When members of the fascist Horthy government unveiled a statue of a Hungarian hero in New York in 1928, Gellert hired a pilot and dropped leaflets on the group, a stunt for which he was arrested. In the 1950s, Gellert served as director of Hungarian Word, Inc., a Hungarian-language publisher in New York.

Gellert's political commitment and art remained deeply intertwined throughout his life, as he continually sought to integrate his commitment to Communism, his hatred of fascism, and his dedication to civil liberties. Throughout the 1910s and 1920s, he contributed artwork to several magazines of the radical left, including Masses and its successors Liberator and New Masses, both of which featured Gellert's artwork on their inaugural issue. Through Masses, he came to know other radicals such as Mike Gold, John Reed, Louise Bryant, Max Eastman, Floyd Dell, Anton Refregier, William Gropper, Harry Gottlieb, Bob Minor, and Art Young, and with them he followed the events of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia with sympathy and growing political fervor.

His brother, Ernest Gellert, also a socialist and activist, was drafted into the military but refused to serve. He died of a gunshot wound under suspicious circumstances while imprisoned at Fort Hancock, New Jersey, as a conscientious objector. Traumatized by this event, Gellert fled to Mexico to avoid conscription. In 1920 to 1922, he taught art at the Stelton School in New Jersey, a radical, utopian community school. He participated in the cultural scene of Greenwich Village, working on set designs, publications, and graphic art for political productions. He founded the first John Reed Club in 1929 with a group of Communist artists and writers including Anton Refregier, Louis Lozowick, and William Gropper. Initially, the group held classes and exhibitions, and provided services for strikes and other working-class activism. Later, John Reed Clubs formed around the country and became a formal arm of the United States Communist Party (CPUSA).

In the late 1920s, Gellert became a member of the National Society of Mural Painters (which, partly due to Gellert's activism in the group, became the Mural Artists' Guild local 829 of the United Scenic Artists Union of the AFL-CIO in 1937. Other members included Rockwell Kent, Anton Refregier, Arshile Gorky, and Marion Greenwood). In 1928, he created a mural for the Worker's Cafeteria in Union Square, NY. Later murals include the Center Theater in Rockefeller Center, the National Maritime Union Headquarters, the Hotel and Restaurant Workers' Union Building, NYC, the interior of the Communications Building at the 1939 World's Fair, and the Seward Park Housing Project in 1961.

In 1932, Gellert was invited to participate in a mural exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, and submitted a political mural about the robber barons of contemporary American politics and industry called Us Fellas Gotta Stick Together - Al Capone. The museum attempted to censor the mural, along with the murals of William Gropper and Ben Shahn. Other artists threatened to boycott the exhibition over the censorship and were successful in restoring them to the show.

The cooperation of artists in this controversy foreshadowed a larger protest in 1934, organized by Gellert, Saul Belman, Stuart Davis, and Zoltan Hecht, when Diego Rivera's pro-labor mural was destroyed at Rockefeller Center. After the incident, the group formed the Artists' Committee of Action and continued to fight censorship and advocate for artists' interests and welfare. They also co-published the magazine Art Front with the Artists' Union, a labor organization. Gellert served for a time as editor of Art Front, and chairman of the Artists' Committee of Action.

Gellert was active in producing both art and strategic policy for the cultural arm of the CPUSA, and he worked to mobilize the non-communist left, often referred to as the Popular Front. In 1933 he illustrated Karl Marx's Capital in Lithographs, and in 1935, he wrote a Marxist, illustrated satire called Comrade Gulliver, An Illustrated Account of Travel into that Strange Country the United States of America. Other published graphic works include Aesop Said So (1936) and a portfolio of silkscreen prints entitled Century of the Common Man (1943).

Other artist groups he helped to found and/or run include the American Artist's Congress, a Communist organization founded with Max Weber, Margaret Bourke-White, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Harry Sternberg, and others, which held symposia and exhibitions between 1936 and 1942; the Artists' Coordination Committee, an umbrella group of national organizations which sought protections for federally-employed and unionized artists; Artists for Victory, Inc., which formed in 1942 to mobilize artists in support of the war effort; and the Artists' Council, formed after the war to advocate for artists' welfare and employment.

Gellert maintained his loyalty to the Communist party throughout the post-war period despite growing disillusionment in the Popular Front over the actions of Josef Stalin, and despite the intense anti-communist crusades in the late 1940s and 1950s. He was investigated by the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and was nearly deported. He spent a number of years during this period in his wife's native Australia. Returning to the United States in the early 1950s, he threw his efforts into the defense of others who faced prison, deportation, and the blacklist following the HUAC hearings. He established The Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome in 1951 when Jerome, the cultural commissioner of CPUSA, was convicted under the Smith Act. The writer Dorothy Parker was the group's treasurer.

In 1954, Gellert established the Art of Today Gallery in New York City with Rockwell Kent and Charles White to provide an exhibition venue for blacklisted artists. Exhibitions included Maurice Becker, Henry Glintenkamp, Harry Gottlieb, Kay Harris, and Rockwell Kent. Gellert served as the gallery's secretary until it closed in 1957.

In the 1960s until his death in 1985, Gellert continued his activism through involvement in grassroots political organizations. Unlike many of his radical contemporaries, Gellert lived to see the revival of some of the ideas of the progressive era of the thirties in the countercultural years of the late 1960s and early 1970s. There were retrospectives of his work in Moscow in 1967 and in his native Budapest in 1968, and he appeared in Warren Beatty's film Reds in 1981.

Sources used for this essay include James Wechsler's 2003 dissertation "The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert: Embracing the Spectre of Communism," his essay "From World War I to the Popular Front: The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert," ( Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts number 24, Spring 2002), and Jeff Kisseloff's biographical essay for the 1986 Hugo Gellert exhibition at the Mary Ryan Gallery.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are an oral history with Hugo Gellert from 1984, a recording of a lecture Gellert gave at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1985, and additional records of Artists for Victory, Inc., 1942-1946.

The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University holds additional papers of Hugo Gellert.
Provenance:
A portion of the papers were donated in 1970 by Hugo Gellert. Additional papers were donated by Gellert and his wife, Livia Cinquegrana, in 1983 and 1986.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Artists' writings  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gellhugo
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9eb96ed42-b751-47f6-a0ca-038014c8800e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gellhugo
Online Media:

Audio Interview of Gellert by Sofia Sequenzia and Questionnaire

Collection Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Extent:
(Contains 3 hour-long audio cassettes)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1982
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers
Hugo Gellert papers / Series 1: Biographical Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d4b05863-cae1-451b-a145-cc82da0f8441
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-gellhugo-ref16
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Audio Interview of Gellert by Sofia Sequenzia and Questionnaire digital asset number 1

Rockwell Kent papers

Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Names:
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Citizens' Committee for Government Arts Projects  Search this
Farmers Union of the New York Milk Shed  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Writers' Project  Search this
International Workers Order  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
National Farmers' Union (U.S.)  Search this
National Maritime Union of America  Search this
United American Artists  Search this
United Office and Professional Workers of America  Search this
United Scenic Artists  Search this
Boyesen, Bayard  Search this
Chamberlain, J. E.  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland), 1880-1964  Search this
Daniel, Charles, 1878-1971  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen), 1862-1928  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963  Search this
Fitzgerald, James, 1899-1971  Search this
Freuchen, Peter, 1886-1957  Search this
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hays, Lee, 1914-1981  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Jones, Dan Burne  Search this
Keller, Charles, 1914-2006  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Nearing, Helen  Search this
Nearing, Scott, 1883-1983  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966  Search this
Rasmussen, Knud, 1879-1933  Search this
Reeves, Ruth, 1892-1966  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945  Search this
Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977  Search this
Wildenstein, Felix, 1883-1952  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Extent:
88 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Poems
Sketches
Business records
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
circa 1840-1993
bulk 1935-1961
Summary:
The Rockwell Kent papers measure 88.0 linear feet and date from circa 1840 to 1993 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1935 to 1961. The collection provides comprehensive coverage of Kent's career as a painter, illustrator, designer, writer, lecturer, traveler, political activist, and dairy farmer.
Scope and Content Note:
The Rockwell Kent papers measure 88 linear feet and date from circa 1840 to 1993 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1935 to 1961. The collection provides comprehensive coverage of Kent's career as a painter, illustrator, designer, writer, lecturer, traveler, political activist, and dairy farmer.

Circumstances surrounding the acquisition of the papers are highlighted in an article by Garnett McCoy ("The Rockwell Kent Papers," in the Archives of American Art Journal, 12, no. 1 [January 1972]: 1-9), recommended reading for researchers interested in the collection. The collection is remarkably complete, for in the mid 1920s Kent began keeping carbon copies of all outgoing letters, eventually employing a secretary (who became his third wife and continued her office duties for the remainder of Kent's life).

Series 1: Alphabetical Files contain Kent's personal and professional correspondence, along with business records of the dairy farm and associated enterprises; also included are printed matter on a wide variety of topics and promotional literature relating to organizations and causes of interest to him. Voluminous correspondence with his three wives, five children, and other relatives, as well as with literally hundreds of friends, both lifelong and of brief duration, illuminates Kent's private life and contributes to understanding of his complex character. Among the many correspondents of note are: his art teachers William Merritt Chase, Robert Henri, and Kenneth Hayes Miller; fellow artists Tom Cleland, Arthur B. Davies, James Fitzgerald, Hugo Gellert, Harry Gottleib, Marsden Hartley, Charles Keller, and Ruth Reeves; collectors Duncan Phillips and Dan Burne Jones; critics J. E. Chamberlain and Walter Pach; and dealers Charles Daniel, Felix Wildenstein, and Macbeth Galleries. Kent corresponded with such diverse people as Arctic explorers Peter Freuchen, Knud Rasmussen, and Vilhjalmar Steffanson; composer Carl Ruggles and songwriters Lee Hays and Pete Seeger; civil rights pioneers Paul Robeson and Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois; writers Bayard Boyesen, Scott and Helen Nearing, and Louis Untermeyer; and art historian and print curator Carl Zigrosser.

Kent's interest and involvement in the labor movement are reflected in correspondence with officials and members of a wide variety and large number of unions and related organizations, among them: the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, Farmers' Union of the New York Milk Shed, International Workers Order, National Maritime Union, and United Office and Professional Workers of America. Of special interest is his participation, often in leadership roles, in various attempts to organize artists. Files on the American Artists' Congress, Artists League of America, The Artists Union, United American Artists, and United Scenic Artists contain particularly valuable material on the movement.

A supporter of New Deal efforts to aid artists, Kent was actively interested in the various programs and often was critical of their limitations; he advocated continuing federal aid to artists after the Depression abated. The Kent papers include correspondence with the Federal Arts Project, Federal Fine Arts Project, Federal Writers Project, and the War Department, as well as correspondence with the Citizens' Committee for Government Art Projects and President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the subject.

Kent's professional correspondence documents exhibitions, sales, consignments, and reproduction of prints and paintings. He kept meticulous records of his advertising commissions and illustration work. Detailed correspondence with publishers and printers indicates Kent's involvement in the technical aspects of production and provides a good overview of the publishing industry during the mid-twentieth century.

Business records of Asgaard Farm include records of the dairy and transfer of ownership to its employees, tax and employee information, and documents concerning several related business ventures such as distributor ships for grain, feed, and farm implements.

Series 2: Writings consists of notes, drafts, and completed manuscripts by Rockwell Kent, mainly articles, statements, speeches, poems, introductions, and reviews. The Kent Collection given to Friendship House, Moscow, in 1960, was augmented later by a set of his publications and the illustrated manuscripts of many of his monographs. Also included are a small number of manuscripts by other authors.

Series 3: Artwork consists mainly of drawings and sketches by Kent; also included are works on paper by other artists, many of whom are unidentified, and by children.

Series 4: Printed Matter consists of clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, brochures, broadsides, programs, and newsletters. These include items by and about Kent and his family, as well as articles written and/or illustrated by him, and reviews of his books. There is also material on a variety of subjects and causes of interest to him. Additional printed matter is included among the alphabetical files, mainly as attachments to correspondence.

Series 5: Miscellaneous includes biographical material, legal documents, and memorabilia. Artifacts received with papers include textile samples, a silk scarf, dinnerware, ice bucket, and rubber stamp, all featuring designs by Rockwell Kent. Also with this series are a variety of documents including a phrenological analysis of an ancestor, lists of supplies for expeditions, a hand-drawn map of an unidentified place, and technical notes regarding art materials and techniques.

Series 6: Photographs includes photographs of Kent, his family and friends, travel, and art number that over one thousand. Also included here are several albums of family and travel photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series. Series 1 is arranged alphabetically. The arrangement of the remaining series is explained in each series description. Note that sealed materials that became available in 2000 were microfilmed separately on reels 5740-5741, but have integrated into this finding aid.

Missing Title

Series 1: Alphabetical Files, circa 1900-1971, undated (Reels 5153-5249, 5256, 5740-5741)

Series 2: Writings, 1906-1978, undated (Reels 5249-5252, 5741)

Series 3: Art Work, 1910-1972, undated (Reels 5252, 5741)

Series 4: Printed Matter, 1905-1993, undated (Reels 5252-5254)

Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1859-1969, undated (Reels 5254, 5741)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1840-1970, undated (Reels 5254-5255, 5741)
Biographical Note:
Rockwell Kent (1882-1971), an energetic and multitalented man, pursued many interests and careers during his very long and active life. At various times he was an architect, draftsman, carpenter, unskilled laborer, painter, illustrator, printmaker, commercial artist, designer, traveler/explorer, writer, professional lecturer, dairy farmer, and political activist.

While studying architecture at Columbia University, Kent enrolled in William Merritt Chase's summer school at Shinnecock Hills, Long Island. He then redirected his career ambitions toward painting and continued to study with Chase in New York. Kent spent a summer working and living with Abbott H. Thayer in Dublin, New Hampshire, and attended the New York School of Art, where Robert Henri and Kenneth Hayes Miller were his teachers.

Critically and financially, Kent was a successful artist. He was very well known for his illustration work--particularly limited editions of the classics, bookplates, and Christmas cards. He was a prolific printmaker, and his prints and paintings were acquired by many major museums and private collectors. During the post-World War II era, Kent's political sympathies resulted in the loss of commissions, and his adherence to artistic conservatism and outspoken opposition to modern art led to disfavor within art circles. After many years of declining reputation in this country and unsuccessful attempts to find a home for the Kent Collection, Kent gave his unsold paintings--the majority of his oeuvre--to the Soviet Union, where he continued to be immensely popular.

An avid traveler, Kent was especially fascinated by remote, Arctic lands and often stayed for extended periods of time to paint, write, and become acquainted with the local inhabitants. Between 1918 and 1935, he wrote and illustrated several popular books about his experiences in Alaska, Tierra del Fuego, and Greenland. In the 1930s and 1940s, Kent was much in demand as a lecturer, making several nationwide tours under the management of a professional lecture bureau; he spoke mainly about his travels, but among his standard lectures were some on "art for the people."

In 1927, Kent purchased Asgaard Farm at AuSable Forks, New York, in the Adirondacks, where he lived for the remainder of his life, operating a modern dairy farm on a modest scale for many years.

As a young man, Kent met Rufus Weeks, became committed to social justice, and joined the Socialist Party. Throughout his life, he supported left-wing causes and was a member or officer of many organizations promoting world peace and harmonious relations with the Soviet Union, civil rights, civil liberties, antifascism, and organized labor. Kent was frequently featured as a celebrity sponsor or speaker at fund-raising events for these causes. In 1948, he ran unsuccessfully as the American Labor Party's candidate for Congress. Kent's unpopular political views eventually led to the dissolution of his dairy business, resulted in a summons to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee, and prompted the U.S. State Department to deny him a passport, an action that subsequently was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court.

Kent wrote two autobiographies, This Is My Own (1940) and It's Me, O Lord (1955). In 1969, he was the subject of an oral history interview conducted by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art.

Missing Title

1882 -- born, Tarrytown, New York

1887 -- death of Rockwell Kent, Sr.

1894-1896 -- attended Cheshire Academy

1895 -- toured Europe with Aunt Jo

1896 -- attended Horace Mann School, New York City

1900-1902 -- studied architecture at Columbia University

1900-1902 -- attended William Merritt Chase's summer school, Shinnecock Hills, Long Island

1903 -- studied with William Merritt Chase, New York City

1904 -- first sale of a painting

1904 -- met Rufus Weeks and attended first Socialist meeting

1905 -- lived and worked with Abbott H. Thayer, Dublin, New Hampshire

1905 -- first painting trip to Monhegan Island, Maine

1907 -- first one-man show, Claussen Galleries, New York City

1908 -- marriage to Kathleen Whiting

1908 -- studied with Robert Henri

1908 -- joined Socialist Party

1909 -- birth of Rockwell, III

1910 -- ran Monhegan Summer School of Art

1910 -- first trip to Newfoundland

1910 -- helped to organize first Independent Exhibition

1911 -- birth of Kathleen

1912 -- moved to Winona, Minnesota

1913 -- birth of Clara

1914 -- settled in Newfoundland

1915 -- deported from Newfoundland

1915 -- birth of Barbara

1917 -- served as full-time organizer and administrator of Independent Exhibition

1918-1919 -- in Alaska with son Rocky

1919 -- purchased Egypt Farm, Arlington, Vermont

1919 -- incorporated self

1920 -- publication of Wilderness

1920 -- birth of Gordon

1922 -- traveled to Tierra del Fuego

1924 -- publication of Voyaging

1925 -- trip to France

1925 -- divorced from Kathleen

1926 -- marriage to Frances Lee

1926 -- traveled to Ireland

1927 -- purchased Asgaard Farm, AuSable, New York

1927 -- editor of Creative Art

1927 -- helped organize National Gallery of Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C.

1929 -- sailed to Greenland on Direction

1930 -- publication of N by E

1932-1933 -- returned to Greenland

1934-1935 -- final trip to Greenland

1935 -- publication of Salamina

1936 -- trip to Puerto Rico

1937 -- trip to Brazil

1937-1938 -- Post Office Department mural commission and controversy over Eskimo-language message interpreted as encouraging Puerto Rican independence

1939 -- divorced from Frances

1939 -- General Electric Co. mural commission for New York World's Fair

1940 -- publication of This Is My Own

1940 -- marriage to Shirley Johnstone (Sally)

1942 -- solo exhibition, Know and Defend America, at Wildenstein Galleries, New York City

1946 -- elected to Executive Committee of American Labor Party

1948 -- congressional candidate, American Labor Party

1948 -- transferred ownership of dairy to remaining employees after boycott resulting from support of Wallace for president

1949 -- attended World Congress for Peace, Paris

1950-1958 -- denied U.S. passport; lawsuit, appeals, and Supreme Court decision reinstating right to travel

1953 -- testified before House Un-American Activities Committee

1955 -- publication of It's Me, O Lord

1958 -- one-man show at Hermitage Museum, Leningrad

1959 -- publication of Of Men and Mountains

1960 -- gift of Kent Collection to Friendship House, Moscow

1960 -- exhibition at Pushkin Museum, Moscow

1963 -- publication of Greenland Journal

1966 -- elected to Academy of Arts of the USSR

1967 -- awarded Lenin Peace Prize, Moscow

1969 -- oral history interview, Archives of American Art

1969 -- home at Asgaard destroyed by fire; papers survived with some water and smoke damage

1969 -- first installment of Rockwell Kent Papers donated to Archives of American Art

1971 -- died, Plattsburgh, New York

1971 -- gift of additional Rockwell Kent Papers to Archives of American Art

1979 -- gift of textile samples to the Archives of American Art

1996 -- gift of additional Rockwell Kent Papers to Archives of American Art

2000 -- death of Sally [Shirley Johnstone] Kent Gorton

2000 -- previously sealed correspondence of wives Frances and Sally (Series 1) opened to researchers

2001 -- gift of additional Rockwell Kent papers to the Archives of American Art from the Estate of Sally Kent [Shirley Johnstone] Gorton
Provenance:
In 1969, Rockwell Kent donated his papers to the Archives of American Art; textile samples were received in 1979, and his widow gave additional papers in 1971 and 1996. Letters to Rockwell Kent from wives Frances and Sally, sealed during Sally Kent Gorton's lifetime, became available for research after her death in 2000, and further material was donated to the Archives of American Art in 2001 by the Estate of Sally Kent [Shirley Johnstone] Gorton.
Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Politics and culture  Search this
Authors -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Political aspects  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Art and war  Search this
Commercial art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Function:
Labor unions
Genre/Form:
Poems
Sketches
Business records
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kentrock
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97edd9940-eb61-4562-9583-def2da778b6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kentrock
Online Media:

Newspaper Articles on Colonial

Collection Creator:
Gitt, Michael.  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Captain Michael Gitt Papers, Acc. NASM.2003.0033, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Captain Michael Gitt Papers
Captain Michael Gitt Papers / Series 2: Canadian Colonial Airways and Colonial Airlines
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b4f0f393-215d-4106-a594-1da45ab3b955
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2003-0033-ref594
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