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Edward H. Dwight Papers

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca), 1843-1925  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H., 1889-  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Held, John, 1947-  Search this
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Extent:
18.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Date:
1821-2001
bulk 1950-1979
Summary:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still-life painting.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still life painting.

Dwight's biographical material includes two address books, a calendar, a small amount of personal correspondence including letters and postcards from Schomer and Ruth Lichtner, and printed material documenting his work as a museum curator and director.

Writings and notes include correspondence about Dwight's writings, drafts and typescripts of articles on Audubon and other artists, and lecture notes.

The bulk of the collection comprises Dwight's research material on Audubon and includes correspondence related to his research with scholars, collectors, publications, museums, and libraries, including: the American Museum of Natural History, the Audubon Society, the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Louisiana State Museum, Annie R. coffin, Waldemar H. Fries, John Francis McDermott, and the collections of G. Edmund Gifford, Jr., Paul F. Laning, and Morris Tyler.

Copies of Audubon's correspondence, including letters from Audubon's father-in-law, Benjamin Bakewell, son Victor G. Audubon, and grandchildren, form a substantial portion of Dwight's research files. Notes and card files reflecting Dwight's research by categories such as life event, activity, geographical area, and subject of study, further illuminate his research and provide cross references to the Audubon letters and other material.

Data compiled and supplemented with reproductions of Audubon's artwork forms another substantial portion of Dwight's research, and provides detailed information about individual Audubon works and works attributed to him.

Dwight's subject files on Audubon house collated research on individuals, subjects, and events that intersected with Audubon's life and work, as well as Audubon research from other sources and scholars. They include copies of documents, such as the journal of Audubon collaborator John G Bell, and a scrapbook of granddaughter, Maria Audubon; documents relating to Audubon collaborators such as John Bachman and Maria Martin; material related to collections of Audubon's work; and information concerning editions of his prints, such as the Havell Edition, engraved and hand-colored by the firm of Robert Havell Sr. and Jr. in the 1830s.

Printed material used by Dwight in his research includes original American newspapers, from states including New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, dating from 1821 to the 1870s, which include articles on Audubon, as well as later magazines, journals, catalogs, and news clippings on Audubon. A small number of photographs, slide transparencies, and negatives of Audubon's artwork can be found at the end of the series.

Dwight's research material on Raphaelle Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, James Peale, and other Peale family members, includes correspondence requesting and responding to requests for information; material collated by subject on Peale collectors, family history, miniatures, portraits, silhouettes, still lifes, and other subjects; and photographs of artwork.

Other research files document Dwight's interest in other artists such as Aaron H. Corwine, Robert S. Duncanson, and artists from the Cincinnati area in general. They include catalogs of data compiled on individual works of art, subject files, notes and index card files, printed material, and photographs of artwork. Of special note are eleven issues of John Held, Jr.'s, mail art correspondence sent to Dwight by the Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1944-1980 (8 folders; Box 1, OV 20)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1954-circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Audubon Research Material, 1821-circa 1979 (13 linear feet; Boxes 1-14, OVs 20-23)

Series 4: Peale Research Material, circa 1930-2001 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 14-16)

Series 5: Other Research, 1881-1980 (2.7 linear feet; Boxes 16-19)
Biographical / Historical:
Cincinnati art historian and museum director, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), conducted extensive research on American painting, in particular the works of John James Audubon, Charles Willson Peale, and Raphaelle Peale. He was also credited with rediscovering the Cincinnati artist, Aaron H. Corwine.

Dwight attended Yale and Cornell Universities, and studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy and the School of Fine Arts of Washington University, St. Louis. From 1946 he held posts, including curator of American Art, at the Cincinnati Art Museum, until becoming director of the Milwaukee Art Center in 1955. In 1962 he left Milwaukee to direct the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute Museum of Art, where he remained until the end of his career. He was the author of numerous articles for publications including Antiques, Audubon, Art in America, The Art Gallery, The Art Quarterly, and Canadian Art, and lectured widely on contemporary art, Spanish painting, and American painting.

In 1955 Dwight published the article "Aaron Houghton Corwine: Cincinnati Artist" in Antiques magazine. With this, and the exhibition, Rediscoveries in American Painting (1955), which he launched at the Cincinnati Art Museum, Dwight revived interest in this all but forgotten painter.

Dwight wrote many scholarly articles on Audubon's life and work throughout his career, in addition to writing catalogs for, and curating, exhibitions of Audubon's work. In 1960 he was awarded a $7,500 fellowship from the Ford foundation to pursue a reevaluation of Audubon, and to reexamine some long-held assumptions and exagerrations about Audubon's life and personality. He focused primarily on the artist-naturalist's original drawings and paintings, especially portraits and pictures of birds, animal life, and insects. Dwight was awarded an additional fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, to continue his research on Audubon.

Dwight's scholarly interest also extended to Raphaelle Peale and the Peale family of artists. In the 1960s and 1970s he wrote and published several articles about Raphaelle Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and his brothers, Rembrandt and James. Dwight was working on a book about the family, and a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale, when he died.

Dwight was an accomplished photographer and his work was included in at least eight exhibitions from 1951 to 1972, including two one-man exhibitions at Louisiana State University (1952), and Weyhe Gallery (1972).
Provenance:
The Audubon materials were donated to the Archives of American Art by Dwight's widow, Ruth R. White, in 1982-1983. The Peale material was donated in 2002 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., which had received them from Ruth R. Dwight as they relate to the Foundation's mission to support scholarship in cultural history in the Philadelphia area. In 1983, the Barra Foundation loaned the documents to Dr. William H. Gerdts, an art historian, who was to continue Dwight's work on a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale. Dr. Gerdts made limited use of the materials and the Barra Foundation then transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
Rights:
The Edward H. Dwight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Artists -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Painters  Search this
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Topic:
Still-life painting  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwigedwa
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwigedwa
Online Media:

A Bird Named for a Confederate General Sparks Calls for Change

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 21 Jul 2020 19:19:00 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_f56afefcd57917d1444822743b004eec

Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Subject:
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S.  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca),  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
McDermott, John Francis  Search this
Peale, James  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H.  Search this
Audubon, John James  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
Peale fam, Peale family  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Peale, James  Search this
Held, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Still-life painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209775
AAA_collcode_dwigedwa
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209775
Online Media:

Junior Member National Audubon Society

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.1153
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.1153
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Giving in America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-8a00-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1284655

Help Save Tropical Rain Forests Rare Animal Relief Effort, Inc. C O National Audubon Society 950 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10022

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.0966
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.0966
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-890f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1284951

Help Save The Seacows Manatee Rare Animal Relief Effort, Inc. C O National Audubon Society 950 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10022

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.0967
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.0967
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-914a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1284979

Help Save The Whales Rare Animal Relief Effort, Inc. C O National Audubon Society 950 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10022

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.0969
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.0969
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Giving in America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-914c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1284981

Environmental Button

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .33 cm x 5.8 cm; x 1/8 in x 2 5/16 in
Object Name:
button
Date made:
1981-1983
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.1528
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.1528
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Artifact Walls exhibit
Clothing & Accessories
Natural Resources
Government, Politics, and Reform
Environmental Buttons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-8b1c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1285324
Online Media:

Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary National Audubon Society

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Lapel Pin
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.1576
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.1576
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Environmental Buttons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-a208-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1285514

Environmental Button

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .33 cm x 7.5 cm; x 1/8 in x 2 15/16 in
Object Name:
button
Subject:
Environmental Movement  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0014.0143
Accession number:
2003.0014
Catalog number:
2003.0014.0143
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Biological Sciences
Artifact Walls exhibit
Clothing & Accessories
Natural Resources
Environmental Buttons
Giving in America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-9610-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1284273

Here’s How to (Safely) Bird-Watch During Lockdown

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 13 May 2020 14:46:03 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_c6d635a10cba248a6d1ec0b49d976454

National Audubon Society

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-041, National Zoological Park. Office of the Director, Development Records
See more items in:
Development Records
Development Records / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa01-041-refidd1e2447

Patricia Waak, National Audubon Society

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Environmental Awareness Program  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 95-173, National Museum of Natural History. Environmental Awareness Program, Ocean Planet Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Ocean Planet Exhibition Records
Ocean Planet Exhibition Records / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa95-173-refidd1e1699

Carl Safina, Director, Scully Science Center, National Audubon Society

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Environmental Awareness Program  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 95-173, National Museum of Natural History. Environmental Awareness Program, Ocean Planet Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Ocean Planet Exhibition Records
Ocean Planet Exhibition Records / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa95-173-refidd1e585

John H. Baker, National Audubon Society NY

Collection Creator:
Freeman, Ethel Cutler, 1886-1972  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946 April 9
Collection Restrictions:
By Ethel Freeman's instructions, the collection was restricted for ten years dating from the receipt and signing of the release forms on October 12, 1972. Literary property rights to the unpublished materials in the collection were donated to the National Anthropological Archives.

Access to the Ethel Cutler Freeman papers requires an appointment.
Seminole recordings cannot be accessed without the permission of the Seminole Tribe.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers / Series 2: Correspondence / Anthropological Colleagues
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0166-ref699

The Audubon magazine / published in the interests of the Audubon Society for the protection of birds

Author:
National Audubon Society  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1887
1889
1887-1889
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Call number:
QL671 .A91
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_690067

Portraits and habits of our birds / prepared by various authors ; edited by T. Gilbert Pearson ; illustrated with fifty colored plates by Louis Agassiz Fuertes ... [et al.]

Author:
Pearson, T. Gilbert (Thomas Gilbert) 1873-1943  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (400 p., [169] leaves of plates) : ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
Date:
1925
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Call number:
QL681 .P35 1925
QL681.P35 1925
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_276589

Alaskan bird-life as depicted by many writers. Edited by Ernest Ingersoll. Seven plates in colors and other illustrations

Author:
Ingersoll, Ernest 1852-1946  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
Physical description:
72 p. col. front., illus., col. plates. 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1914
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Call number:
QL684.A4 I47
QL684.A4I47
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_97818

Common Gallinule, Male Adult

Graphic artist:
Havell, Robert  Search this
Abbeville Press  Search this
Publisher:
National Audubon Society  Search this
Maker; original artist:
Audubon, John James  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 68 cm x 101 cm; 26 25/32 in x 39 3/4 in
Object Name:
print
Object Type:
Photomechanical Lithographic Processes
Place made:
Japan
Date made:
1985
Subject:
Birds  Search this
ID Number:
2012.0004.03
Accession number:
2012.0004
Catalog number:
2012.0004.03
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-8caf-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1420973

Wandering Shearwater

Original artist:
Audubon, John James  Search this
Graphic artist:
Abbeville Press  Search this
Havell, Robert  Search this
Publisher:
National Audubon Society  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 68 cm x 101 cm; 26 25/32 in x 39 3/4 in
Object Name:
print
Object Type:
Photomechanical Lithographic Processes
Place made:
Japan
Date made:
1985
Subject:
Birds  Search this
ID Number:
2012.0004.04
Accession number:
2012.0004
Catalog number:
2012.0004.04
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-8a3a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1420987

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