United States of America -- South Carolina -- Charleston County -- Charleston
Located next to Charleston Museum, Visitors Ticket House.
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This accession consists of the primary website of the Smithsonian Institution as it existed on October 18, 2019. The website contains general information for visitors,
volunteers, researchers, donors, and the general public and serves as a portal for other Smithsonian Institution websites. In addition, the domain includes subsites maintained
by many of the smaller Smithsonian Institution units. Due to technical issues, some video content may be missing from this accession. Materials are in electronic format.
This accession consists of the Smithsonian Organization and Audience Research website as it existed on March 18, 2020. The website includes information about the office
and the services it provides as well as information about current projects and reports from completed projects. Due to technical issues, reports in this accession may not
be downloadable. Materials are in electronic format.
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2034. Records may contain personally identifiable information (PII) that is permanently restricted; Transferring office; 3/1/2021 memorandum, Johnstone to File; Contact reference staff for details
The Thomas Bailey Marquis papers comprise material related to the Custer Battle Museum and the Native people with whom Marquis interacted. Included are museum visitors' registers, inventories of museum artifacts, photographic displays, certificates of artifact authenticity, and newspaper clippings. There are also contracts delineating the disposition of museum artifacts by Marquis' heirs and a 1917 census of the Northern Cheyenne with extensive annotations. Photographs include snapshots of many of the Cheyenne people inteviewed by Marquis, as well as some landscapes and structures at Lame Deer. Finally, Marquis' papers contain numerous drawings made by Wooden Leg and Limpy (Cheyenne), along with a collection of maps made by Marquis based on his interviews.
Materials relating to Marquis' medical practice were turned over to the United States Army Medical Library and are now housed at the National Library of Medicine.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Thomas Bailey Marquis (1869-1935) was a printer, physician, writer, and amateur historian who spent most of his working life in Montana. He served with the U.S. Army Medical Corps in WWI. When he returned, he worked as a government physician on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation and, later, the Crow Reservation. His work with the Cheyenne fueled his personal interest in George Armstrong Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Marquis began collecting artifacts related to the battle and interviewing survivors, which led to the publication of numerous books and pamphlets. He displayed the artifacts, together with photographs and hand-drawn maps, in the Custer Battle Museum in Hardin, Montana, where he lived during the last years of his life. After his death, his museum's collection was donated to the National Parks Service and is now incorporated into displays at the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument. As the only individual who worked to record Cheyenne eyewitness accounts of that era, Marquis' writings are of great value to scholars interested in battles and life on the plains.
The National Library of Medicine holds the Thomas B. Marquis papers, 1906-1973, which includes documents related to his publications and his work as a physician, as well as his diary and correspondence.
Received from Anna Rose Heil, Marquis' daughter, in 1976.
Access to the Thomas Bailey Marquis papers requires an appointment.