Proceedings of the Ninth Triennial Congress, International Association of Museums of Arms and Military History : papers delivered at the working sessions of IAMAM IX, 28-29 September 1981, Washington, D.C., 2-3 October 1981, New York City
International Association of Museums of Arms and Military History Congress (9th : 1981 : Washington, D.C. and New York, N.Y.) Search this
International Association of Museums of Arms and Military History Search this
Les reveries, ou, Memoires sur l'art de la guerre de Maurice comte de Saxe, duc de Courlande et de Semigalle ... ; dedieś a messieurs les officiers generaux par Mr. de Bonneville capitaine ingenieur de campagne de Sa Majesté le Roi de Prusse
Bound notebook of ruled paper with 89 drawings, primarily scenes of warfare. The drawings are the work of several different artists and depict battles with several different tribes as well as with White civilians and Army troops. Slip case embossed with title "Outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians 1878. Sign Language Written by the Chief 'Little Skunk'." Three letters regarding history and identification of the book inserted. One insert, a note dated September 10, 1892, and signed by A. Wernher, states "this book was presented to me in 1879 by Hermann Hauser of the Q. Mr. Dept. at Fort Reno, Ind. Terr. Hauser was affiliated by marriage to the Cheyenne tribe of Indians and assured me that the book represented in sign language (i.e. drawings) the outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians at Fort Reno Ind Terry and their raid through Kansas to the North in 1878, written by the Cheyenne Indian "Little Skunk." Another insert is a letter dated February 2, 1897, written by Frank Hamilton Cushing returning the book to a Colonel Cushing and asking to see it again later. The third insert is a letter dated March 11, 1902, written by P. C. Knox to Colonel William C. Sanger with thanks for letting him see the book.
Biographical / Historical:
P.C. Knox (1853-1921), author of one letter, was appointed Attorney General of the United States under the McKinley Administration and continued to serve until 1904 when he was appointed to a vacancy in the Senate. Knox was reelected to this position in 1905, resigning in 1909 to join the Cabinet under Taft's administration. For more information about P.C. Knox see Archibald Dodds' The Public Services of Philander Chase Knox, 1950, PhD. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. Col. William C. Sanger, to whom the letter is addressed, was appointed as Assistant Secretary of War in 1901.
NAA MS 7463
OPPS SLIDE 22,227-22,297
Varying Form of Title:
Outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians, 1878 / sign language written by the Chief "Little Skunk"
The content of the images is not consistent with the accompanying identification that they depict the Northern Cheyenne outbreak of 1878. The names Little Skunk and Hermann Hauser do not appear in the index to the records of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency held at the Oklahoma Historical Society, but the latter's name appears as "Herman Hauser" in separate material at the Oklahoma Historical Society relating to Fort Reno.
Indians of North America -- Southern States Search this
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Extracts from journal of Mr. Lusser, January 12-March 23, 1730. Typescript document. 5 pages; extract from Le Clerque de Milfort, (date), pages 288-310. Typescript document. 12 pages; extract from letter of February 8, 1733 about number of Choctaw warriors. Typescript document. 1 slip. "A Choctaw Tradition," by Reverend C.C. Copeland, tear-sheets from American Ethnological Society Transactions, volume 3 (date), pages 170-171. Printed document. 4 pages.
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs musst be handled with gloves, unless protected by plastic sleeves.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
The Rand History Project Interviews constitute one of several oral history projects conducted within the National Air and Space Musuem's Department of Space History. The principal investigator for this project was Martin Collins and the following individuals were interviewed: Bruno Augenstein, Robert Bacher (with Lee DuBridge), Edward Barlow, Robert Belzer, Paul Blasingame, Edward Bowles, Frank Collbohm, Merton Davies, Richard Frick, Lawrence Henderson, Charles Hitch, Amrom Katz, Scott King, Burt Klein, David Novick, Malcolm Palmatier, Ernst Plessett, Edward Quade, Arthur Raymond, Ben Rumph, Robert Salter, Bernard Schriever, Gustave Shubert, Robert Specht, Hans Speier, George Tanham, Crawford Thompson, and Albert Wohlstetter.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the compact audio cassettes and transcripts for the Rand History Project interviews, which is a dual institutional study of the RAND Corporation and its military sponsor, the Air Force. This collection covers the period 1945 though the early 1960s and consists of 104 hours of interviews with 29 individuals. The RAND interviews were conceived as another angle of inquiry on the relations between expert knowledge and the military in the early Cold War. RAND drew together engineers, scientists, and mathematicians whose specialties were oriented toward military hardware design and the physical sciences and sociologists, political scientists, economists, psychologists, and other social science and humanities specialists. All were organized within a single institution to study the problem of warfare in the cold War, especially from the perspective of the Air Force.
The RAND History Project Interviews are arranged alphabetically by interviewee. Series I (boxes 1-9) contains interviews on audio cassette tapes. Series II (boxes 10-12) contains the transcripts.
This collection contains the interviews for the RAND History Project Interviews. These interviews explore the non-profit research firm's efforts to study the various problems of U.S. national security during the Cold War, in particular, from the perspective of the U.S. Air force (USAF). RAND brought together physical scientists, political scientists, sociologists, engineers and mathematicians and organized them within this single institution to pursue such research efforts. The RAND Project constitutes one of a number of oral history endeavors conducted by the National Air and Space Museum's (NASM) Department of Space History. The principal (though, by no means the only) interviewer for this project was Martin Collins, and the interview set consists of 104 hours of interviews with 38 individuals. The following people were interviewed for this project: Bruno Augenstein, Robert Bacher (with Lee DuBridge), Edward Barlow, Robert Belzer, Paul Blasingame, Edward Bowles, Charles Carey, Frank Collbohm, Merton Davies, Robert Davis, James Digby, Gene Fisher, Richard Frick, Olaf Helmer, Lawrence Henderson, Charles Hitch, Victor Jackson, Amrom Katz, Scott King, Burt Klein, Charles Lindblom, Hugh Miser, David Novick, Malcolm Palmatier, Ernst Plessett, Edward Quade, Arthur Raymond, Ben Rumph, Robert Salter, Bernard Schriever, Lloyd Shapley, Gustave Shubert, Robert Specht, Hans Speier, George Tanham, Crawford Thompson, and Albert Wohlstetter.
Similar materials, specifically a series of videohistories on the same topic, are housed in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in the The Research and Development (RAND) Corporation Interviews, local collection number SIA 9536.
Department of Space History, NASM, Transfer, 1999, NASM.1999.0037, Varies.
No restrictions on access.
The Everett H. Bickley Collection, 1919-1980, documents the inventions of Everett Huckel Bickley, most known for his electric sorting machine used to automate the process of sorting beans by use of a photoelectric cell. The collection consists of patents, drawings, photographs, correspondence, and artifacts designed by Bickley. The collection spans a considerable portion of the twentieth century and is of value to those researchers interested in product development, the patent application process, product marketing and promotion, World War II innovation, and the daily operation of a small, privately-owned industry.
Scope and Contents:
The collection spans a considerable portion of the twentieth century and is of value to those researchers interested in product development, the patent application process, product marketing and promotion, World War II innovation, and the daily operation of a small, privately-owned industry.
The collection consists of general correspondence, patents and patent correspondence, drawings, manuals, trade literature, and photographs. In addition, there are several artifacts designed by Bickley in the collection. These include a photographic exposure meter (Fotimer), a prototype slide mount (Color Tight Slide Mount), dance charts, and even a clipboard (Deskette).
Series 1: Everett H. Bickley Personal Papers, 1920-1999
This series consists of personal information about Everett H. Bickley. It includes his will, a company biography written by Bickley and edited by his daughter, and the story of the motograph, also written by Bickley.
Series 2: Bickley Manufacturing Company, 1933-1980
In this series is information directly related to the day-to-day operations of the company, including a checks-received ledger, office instructions, shop instructions, and employment information.
Series 3: Sorter Information, 1928-1965
This series consists of information about the various sorters that Bickley developed. Included are drawings related to the development of the sorters, engineering part drawings, equipment histories for plants where leased sorters were located (arranged alphabetically by location, though H-M is missing), patents, and patent correspondence related to specific sorter improvements. The patent correspondence in this series is sorted by starting date of the correspondence for each individual patent. If the starting dates were the same, they were then arranged alphabetically within the starting date. This was done to make it easier to trace the development of the sorter. The actual patents are also arranged alphabetically.
Series 4: Other Inventions, 1919-1958
This series documents Bickley's non-sorter related inventions. Included are the development drawings, patents, patent correspondence, and marketing material. In addition, the artifacts that are part of the collection can be found in this series.
Series 5: World War Two Related Activities, 1939-1950
The material in this series pertains to Bickley's work in World War II. It includes correspondence, information on the various ideas he submitted to the National Inventor's Council, and his attempts to get patent protection extended for the years during the war when he could not exploit his inventions. Information on sorter-related activities during the war is in Series III.
The collection is divided into five series.
Series 1, Everett Bickley Personal Papers, 1920-1999
Subseries 1, General Information,1920-1999
Subseries 2, Publication Material, 1933-1998
Series 2: The Bickley Manufacturing Company, 1933-1980
Subseries 1, General Information, 1949-1980
Subseries 2, Company Operations, 1933-1972
Series 3, Sorter Information, 1928-1965
Subseries 1, Sorter Specific Information, 1933-1965
Subseries 2, General Information, 1928-1965
Series 4, Other Inventions, 1919-1958
Subseries 1, General Information, 1919-1951
Subseries 2, Inventions, 1920-1958
Series 5, World War two Related Activities, 1939-1950
Subseries 1, General Information, 1939-1950
Subseries 2, Ideas Submitted, 1941-1943
Biographical / Historical:
Everett Huckel Bickley (1888-1972) was an active inventor and enterpreneur. His inventing career began while a student at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, where he invented a number of items, including a variable speed governor with which he won the Senior Design Competition in 1910, the year he graduated.
In 1911, Bickley developed and marketed his first commercial invention, the "motograph," which was an electric sign which spelled out moving messages with light bulbs. The first motograph was erected over the Columbian Theatre in Detroit, but others were eventually seen in cities throughout the world. Unfortunately, he sold his interests too soon and made little money from this idea.
Only a few years later, while he was watching lines of women sorting navy pea beans in his job as chief engineer for the H. J Heinz Company, Bickley came up with the idea to develop an electric sorting machine to automate the process. By the early 1930s he had developed, patented, and begun to market a machine that could, by use of a photoelectric cell, sort the good beans from the bad. The first company to lease a bean sorter from him was the H. J. Heinz Company. Bickley continued to improve the sorter for the next thirty years, eventually adapting it to sort rice, peanuts, and ball bearings.
The sorter was the only invention from which Bickley ever made any considerable money, but it never dulled his enthusiasm for developing new ideas. At times he had up to nine active patent applications in the works. Examples include a nutcracker, snow shovel, slide mount, faucet, and photographic exposure meter.
Bickley was also active during World War II as a $1.00 A Year Man and member of the National Inventors Council, which reviewed war related invention ideas. In addition, he contributed over fifty ideas of his own to the National Inventors Council. During the war, his company was able to produce little of its own products due to wartime material restrictions and having most of its workers drafted. Consequently, Bickley spent several fruitless years after the war trying to get his patent rights extended to cover time lost during the war.
Early on, Bickley realized the need to form a company to help develop and promote his many inventions, and formed the Bickley Manufacturing Company shortly after his graduation for just this purpose. When he married in 1913, his new wife, Mary, became an active partner in the company. Later, their daughter Audrey joined the company, producing the photoelectric cells for the sorter, going on sales trips, and working as one of her father's most reliable troubleshooters when the sorters broke down.
Bickley died in 1972 at the age of 84. Always a believer that hard work was necessary for success, he left behind a legacy of inventions, including one that helped to revolutionize the agricultural processing industry.
Materials at the National Museum of American History
The machine that Bickley used to demonstrate his bean-sorting process is held by Division of Work and Industry.
Audrey Bickely Beyer, Everett Bickley's daughter, donated the collection to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, in March of 1999.
The collection is open for research use.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright status of items varies.
Trattato del compasso di proporzione composto da Giovanni Marchelli della compagnia di Gesu' ad istruzione de' signori convittori del Collegio de' nobili di Milano e dedicato A S.E. il Signor Marchese Giacomo Maria Brignole