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Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 175, Folder 139
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Access of diaries and appointment books required written permission.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, circa 1929-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
André Emmerich Gallery records
André Emmerich Gallery records / Series 11: Consignment Records / 11.2: Consignments from Other Galleries
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dfb7bad8-a6e3-46eb-9f9f-d70ed6c5f4d8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-andremmg-ref5651

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Associated American Artists  Search this
Container:
Box 24, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C., facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Associated American Artists records, circa 1934-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Associated American Artists records
Associated American Artists records / Series 2: Dealers, Galleries and Museums
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw925363dec-2496-46cb-95bd-3f418f4ae060
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-assoamea-ref1067

Untitled--People on Beach with Ferris Wheel, from the portfolio Photographs of New York

Artist:
Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898-died Dorset, VT 1954  Search this
Publisher:
Middendorf Gallery, active Washington, DC 20th century  Search this
Jem Hom, active ca. 1976  Search this
Printer:
Ron Stark, born Sidney, NY 1944  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
image: 5 x 7 1/4 in. (12.8 x 18.4 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1938-1945, printed 1976
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Cityscape\New York\New York  Search this
African American  Search this
Architecture\commercial\recreation  Search this
Cityscape\New York\Coney Island  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Dr. Katherine Alley and Dr. Richard Flax
Object number:
1982.115.12
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk783ce81b6-ec18-465b-8dd4-7104b1607bed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1982.115.12

Untitled--Black Men/"Adam" Storefront, from the portfolio Photographs of New York

Artist:
Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898-died Dorset, VT 1954  Search this
Publisher:
Middendorf Gallery, active Washington, DC 20th century  Search this
Jem Hom, active ca. 1976  Search this
Printer:
Ron Stark, born Sidney, NY 1944  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
image: 5 x 7 1/4 in. (12.8 x 18.4 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1938-1945, printed 1976
Topic:
Cityscape\New York\New York  Search this
Architecture\commercial\store  Search this
Figure group\male  Search this
African American  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Dr. Katherine Alley and Dr. Richard Flax
Object number:
1982.115.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk750271a0d-ecc9-4032-aa7b-502d77a4d1b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1982.115.4

Untitled--Gypsy Den, from the portfolio Photographs of New York

Artist:
Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898-died Dorset, VT 1954  Search this
Publisher:
Middendorf Gallery, active Washington, DC 20th century  Search this
Jem Hom, active ca. 1976  Search this
Printer:
Ron Stark, born Sidney, NY 1944  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
image: 7 1/4 x 5 in. (18.4 x 12.8 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1938-1945, printed 1976
Topic:
Cityscape\New York\New York  Search this
Architecture\detail\door  Search this
Gypsy  Search this
Occupation\occult\fortune teller  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Douglas Kenyon
Object number:
1986.94.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7a2396330-c8b1-468b-b853-f0b884270710
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1986.94.1

Untitled--People on Beach with Ferris Wheel, from the portfolio Photographs of New York

Artist:
Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898-died Dorset, VT 1954  Search this
Publisher:
Middendorf Gallery, active Washington, DC 20th century  Search this
Jem Hom, active ca. 1976  Search this
Printer:
Ron Stark, born Sidney, NY 1944  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
image: 5 x 7 1/4 in. (12.8 x 18.4 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
ca. 1938-1945, printed 1976
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Cityscape\New York\New York  Search this
Landscape\beach  Search this
African American  Search this
Architecture\commercial\recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Douglas Kenyon
Object number:
1986.94.25
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk77ed7947b-bd9e-49ce-aca0-97a727b7a60e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1986.94.25

Middendorf Gallery, D. C.

Container:
Box 15 of 17
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2020; Transferring office; 3/2/1988 memorandum, Massa to Fleckner; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-090, Archives of American Art, Director's Records
See more items in:
Director's Records
Director's Records / Box 15
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-090-refidd1e2187

Marianne Moore and Her Mother

Alternate Title:
Marianne Moore and Mary Warner Moore
Artist:
Marguerite Thompson Zorach, 25 Sep 1887 - 27 Jun 1968  Search this
Sitter:
Marianne Moore, 15 Nov 1887 - 5 Feb 1972  Search this
Mary Warner Moore, 1862 - 1947  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 102.2 x 77.5 x 3.8cm (40 1/4 x 30 1/2 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 125.4 x 101 x 7.6cm (49 3/8 x 39 3/4 x 3")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1925
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Mary Warner Moore: Female  Search this
Marianne Moore: Female  Search this
Marianne Moore: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Marianne Moore: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Marianne Moore: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Marianne Moore: Education\Educator\Librarian  Search this
Marianne Moore: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.217
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© The Zorach Collection, LLC
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1900-1930 (re-installation 2012)
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 322
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f6f9b00f-fe3f-45f5-a714-4ab321041063
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.87.217

Oral history interview with Godfrey Frankel

Interviewee:
Frankel, Godfrey  Search this
Interviewer:
Foresta, Merry A.  Search this
Names:
Photo League  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (Sound recording (90 min.), analog)
22 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1993 Nov. 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Godfrey Frankel conducted 1993 Nov. 29, by Merry Foresta, for the Archives of American Art.
Frankel recalls his early "sensitivity to art" and childhood visits to the Cleveland Museum; his first job in advertising on a daily newspaper in Ohio; his first camera; being suspected as a spy for photographing outdoors in Ohio in the 1940s; his move to Washington, D.C., in the 1940s; working as the nightclub editor for a Washington newspaper; photographing alley dwellings in D.C.; photographing in 1945 the resettlement of people who were in internment camps in the U.S.; and his move to New York City and his participation in the Photo League from 1946 to 1950.
Frankel describes meetings, lectures, classes, and camaraderie among members of the Photo League; common concerns between the Photo League and the photography department at the Museum of Modern Art; Photo League projects; and photographing New York's Lower East Side. He recalls his move to Cleveland in 1950 and photographing children and industrial sites there; his job as a social worker; his move back to D.C. in 1962; his work for various government agencies; being interviewed by government agents in 1962 for suspected communist activities; the accessibility of FSA photographs at the Library of Congress; teaching managerial skills at the University of Maryland; and exhibiting his photographs in the 1980s through George Hemphill at Middendorf Gallery and at the Kathleen Ewing Gallery, both in Washington, D.C. Frankel also comments on future plans to publish a book with the Smithsonian Press.
At the end of side one Frankel mentions Jacob Reiss, but called after reviewing the tape to say he meant Lewis Hine.
Biographical / Historical:
Godfrey Frankel (1912-1995) was a photographer from Washington, D.C., and New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the Jacob Kainen Oral History Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Photographers -- Washington (D.C.) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.franke93
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c124732a-6833-4458-9d1f-e20a42c5f15c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franke93
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Godfrey Frankel, 1993 Nov. 29

Interviewee:
Frankel, Godfrey, 1912-1995  Search this
Frankel, Godfrey, 1912-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Foresta, Merry A. (Merry Amanda)  Search this
Subject:
Photo League  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Photographers -- Washington (D.C.) -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12004
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215675
AAA_collcode_franke93
Theme:
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215675
Online Media:

Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2009, bulk 1940-2001

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob, 1909-2001  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole.  Search this
Kainen, Jacob, 1909-2001  Search this
Subject:
Acton, David  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Tejera, V. ((Victorino))  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Frohlich, Newton  Search this
Powell, Richard J.  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Fine, Ruth  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Halasz, Piri  Search this
Lunn, Harry  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Solman, Joseph  Search this
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
Ries, Martin  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Printmakers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9025
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211214
AAA_collcode_kainjaco
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211214
Online Media:

Middendorf Gallery [Folder]

Additional name:
Middendorf/Lane Gallery  Search this
Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Topic:
Art Organizations  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_105515

Jacob Kainen papers

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole.  Search this
Names:
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Acton, David, 1953-  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Fine, Ruth, 1941-  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Frohlich, Newton, 1936-  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Halasz, Piri  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole, 1922-  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist, 1701-1780?  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Lunn, Harry, 1933-1998  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Powell, Richard J., 1953-  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Ries, Martin, 1926-  Search this
Solman, Joseph, 1909-2008  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991  Search this
Tejera, V. ((Victorino))  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Extent:
33.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1905-2009
bulk 1940-2001
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diaries, calendars, inventories, interview transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diary and journal entries, calendars, inventories, interview and "dialog" transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.

Biographical materials include items concerning Kainen's career as a curator and artist, in addition to a useful bibliography, detailed biographical outline, and a copy of an FBI report compiled on him. Also included are five videocassette recordings of Kainen.

Alphabetical correspondence/subject files comprise the bulk of the collection and include both Jacob's and Ruth's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, artists, art critics, curators, museums, arts organizations, galleries, and many others. There is a significant amount of correspondence with David Acton, the Addison Gallery of Art and Jock Reynolds, William Agee, Australian National Gallery, Baltimore Museum of Art, Avis Berman, the British Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Elizabeth Broun and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bryce Butler, Pheobe Cole, the Corcoran Gallery and School of Art, Richard Field, Ruth Fine, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Newton Frohlich, Gordon Gilkey and the Pacific Northwest College of Art, Arshile Gorky, Piri Halesz, Carol Harrison, Donald Holden, Wilhelmina Holladay, John Baptist Jackson, Jim Jordon, Lou Kantor, Harry Lunn Jr., Middendorf Gallery, National Gallery of Art, Peter Morse, Gerald Nordland, Francis O'Connor, Jerome Pollack, Richard Powell, Ann Purcell, Harry Rand, Martin Ries, Joseph Solman, Leo Steinberg, Prentiss Taylor, Victorino Tejera, Valerie Thornton, Joanne Weber, and numerous family members.

Writings are by and about Jacob Kainen. Kainen's writings include articles, lectures, exhibition catalog essays, notes, travel notebooks, short stories, poems, and written statements about his artistic motivations and justifications. There are writings about Kainen by Avis Berman, Ruth Cole Kainen, and others. The bulk of the numerous diary entries are from Ruth Cole Kainen's diaries, many of which concern Jacob and their family. There are also annotated and revised diary entries. There is one folder of diary entries and one folder of journal entries by Jacob Kainen and two dismantled journal-like notebooks. The papers include daily calendars and travel itineraries from 1972 through 2001.

The papers include transcripts of formal interviews and informal conversations with Jacob Kainen. Transcripts are of informal dinner, telephone, and general conversations between friends, colleagues, artists, and Ruth Cole Kainen. Included are conversations with Avis Berman, Walter Hopps, Harry Rand, Joshua Taylor, and several others. Many of these transcripts were also annnotated by Jacob and Ruth Kainen. Also found are numerous transcripts of more formal interviews with Kainen by art historians, art critics, and students.

There are inventories, appraisals, and lists of sold and not sold paintings, as well as color photographs of some of Kainen's works of art. Also found are inventories of the Kainens' art collection. Printed materials include Kainen's exhibition catalogs and announcements, clippings of articles by and about Jacob Kainen, and an exhibition guestbook.

Photographs are of Kainen with his family and friends, at exhibition openings, and working in his studios. Works of art by others includes handmade greeting cards, limited edition prints, and portfolios given to Jacob Kainen. Nine scrapbooks containing news clippings and exhibition publications document the entirety of Kainen's career as an artist.
Arrangement:
The Jacob Kainen papers are arranged into 11 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2001 (Boxes 1, 32; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence/Subject Files, 1936-2003 (Boxes 1-12, 32-33; 11.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1920s-2002 (Boxes 12-13, 33; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Diaries, circa 1952-2002 (Boxes 13-18, 33-38; 10.0 linear feet)

Series 5: Calendars, 1953-2008 (Boxes 18-20, 38; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 6: Transcripts, circa 1975-1994 (Boxes 20-21, 38; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Inventories, 1927-2001 (Boxes 21-22; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1938-2003 (Box 22, 38, OV 31; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographs, 1905-2000 (Boxes 22-25, 38, OV 31; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Works of Art by Others, 1942-2000 (Boxes 25-26, OV 31; 1.2 linear foot)

Series 11: Scrapbooks, 1936-1998 (Boxes 27-30, 38; 1.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jacob Kainen (1909-2001) was a painter, printmaker, and curator who worked primarily in Washington, D.C.

Born on December 7, 1909 in Waterbury, Connecticut, Jacob Kainen moved with his family to New York City in 1918. Kainen studied at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn from 1927 until 1930, and at the Art Student's League. In the early 1930s, Kainen became involved in social causes and formed close friendships with the early abstractionists, including John Graham, Arshile Gorky, and Stuart Davis. He joined the Artists' Union and a contributor to its journal, Art Front, along with Stuart Davis and Harold Rosenberg. Jacob's participation in the Artists' Union was later investigated by the FBI.

From 1935 until 1942, Kainen worked for the Graphic Arts Division of the Works Progress Administration in New York City and began exhibiting with the New York School. It was during this period that he married Bertha Friedman. Jacob and Bertha had two sons together, Dan and Paul, and divorced in 1968.

In 1942, Kainen made a life-changing decision to leave New York City and move to Washington, D.C. to accept what he thought would be a temporary position as a scientific aide in the Division of Graphic Arts at the Smithsonian Institution. Kainen quickly became Assistant Curator and Curator in 1946. He served as Curator for twenty years, completely reshaping the department and building the graphic arts collection. His print exhibitions brought the work of S.W. Hayter, Josef Albers, Adja Yunkers, Louis Lozowick, Karl Schrag, José Guerrero, Louis Schanker, Werner Drewes, and Boris Margo to Washington audiences - graphic work that might not have been shown that early in the area.

1947 marked the opening of the Washington Workshop Center for the Arts, where Kainen served as a teacher and guide to several important artists, helping to make the workshop a magnet for new talent and instrumental in furthering the careers of several artists. Although Kainen taught Gene Davis and Alma Thomas and introduced Morris Louis to Leon Berkowitz, he never considered himself a member of the "Washington Color School."

In 1949, the Corcoran Gallery of Art held a retrospective of Kainen's prints and three years later Kenneth Noland organized Kainen's first painting retrospective at Catholic University. Kainen's paintings from the 1940s illustrated a shift away from social realism toward abstract expressionism. In 1956, Jacob Kainen received a grant from the American Philosophical society to conduct research in Europe for his monograph on the English woodcut artist, John Baptist Jackson. He traveled to Europe again in 1962 to study paintings and prints from the Mannerist Period.

From 1966 until 1970, Kainen worked as the Curator of prints and drawings at the National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum). He married Ruth Cole in February of 1969. Kainen retired from the Smithsonian a year later to devote himself full-time to his art, but continued to serve as a special consultant to the Smithsonian American Art Museum for nineteen years. In 1971 and 1972, Kainen taught painting and the history of printmaking at the University of Maryland. A retrospective of Kainen's paintings was held in 1993 at the National Museum of American Art (SAAM).

Throughout his artistic career, Kainen experimented with different mediums and explored different styles, yet he identified himself as a painter. Jacob Kainen participated in at least twenty-five one man shows and several group exhibitions. His works are in collections across the United States and abroad, including the National Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the British Museum. He worked in his studio up until the time of his death on March 19, 2001 at his home in Chevy Chase, Maryland.
Related Material:
Found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview of Jacob Kainen conducted by Avis Berman in 1982 for the Archives' "Mark Rothko and His Times" oral history project. Also found are microfilm copies of Bertha Kainen's correspondence with Avis Berman regarding Berman's essay about Jacob Kainen.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 565, 2147-2149, and 2200) including correspondence, writings by Kainen, and papers relating to the Smithsonian Institution Loyalty Board's investigation of Jacob Kainen from 1942-1954. Most, but not all, of the loaned materials were included in later gifts. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Jacob and Ruth Kainen first lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming from 1973-1981, the bulk of which was included in the later gifts. Papers were then donated in multiple accretions between 1981-2007 by Jacob and Ruth Kainen, and in 2009 from the estate of Ruth Kainen via executor Teresa Covacevich Grana. Also in 2003, eight photographs of Jacob and Ruth Kainen were transferred from the National Portrait Gallery to the Archives of American Art.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art teachers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Printmakers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2008, bulk 1940-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kainjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Kainen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw974ec158d-d417-4d06-931d-44a4af17ab27
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kainjaco
Online Media:

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole.  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 55-56
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977-1994, undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2008, bulk 1940-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Jacob Kainen papers
Jacob Kainen papers / Series 2: Correspondence/Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw950ea484e-bb77-4ba1-9901-798b3675e3fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kainjaco-ref272

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Scanga, Italo, 1932-2001  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-1990
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Italo Scanga papers, circa 1930-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Italo Scanga papers
Italo Scanga papers / Series 4: Exhibition and Gallery Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92e1d681a-5c48-4bd1-97bb-2918f1d0f4dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-scanital-ref178

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Christenberry, William, 1936-2016  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990s
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
William Christenberry Papers, circa 1917-2018. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
William Christenberry papers
William Christenberry papers / Series 2: Gallery and Museum Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97efc5fda-01be-466f-8a66-9f02d868041d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-chriswill-ref56

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Holly Solomon Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984-1993
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is access restricted. Use requires written permission. Financial and Legal Records (Series 8) are closed to researchers until they can be processed to a more detailed level. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Holly Solomon Gallery records, circa 1948-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Holly Solomon Gallery records
Holly Solomon Gallery records / Series 3: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9208b9d15-96b7-4301-8512-c6c605c2e313
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hollsolg-ref441

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Fendrick Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 65, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980, 1984-1989
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use of unmicrofilmed material requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Fendrick Gallery records, 1952-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Fendrick Gallery records
Fendrick Gallery records / Series 5: Museums and Galleries Files / 5.1: Domestic Museums and Galleries / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f6edcb36-8fe8-4ff7-9739-f8b0d6dbed64
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-fendgall-ref821

Middendorf Gallery

Collection Creator:
Davis, Gene, 1920-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983-1985
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Gene Davis papers, 1920-2000, bulk 1942-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Gene Davis papers
Gene Davis papers / Series 4: Business and Estate Records / Gallery Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99915904b-82d7-458e-bd2e-9fb08fd50374
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-davigene-ref314

2-2-1: To Dickie and Tina

Artist:
Richard Serra, American, b. San Francisco, California, 1938  Search this
Medium:
Steel
Dimensions:
51 3/8 × 120 1/4 × 99 3/8 in. (130.5 × 305.4 × 252.4 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
(1969/fabricated in steel, 1986)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Joseph H. Hirshhorn Purchase Fund, 1986
Accession Number:
86.5898
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Minimalism
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2c385443c-a32b-4240-bee6-535bba6548d0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.5898

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