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Oral history interview with Fred Meyer, 1982 May

Interviewee:
Meyer, Fred, 1922-1986  Search this
Meyer, Fred, 1922-1986  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F  Search this
Subject:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Kansas City Art Institute  Search this
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
School for American Crafts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13267
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212339
AAA_collcode_meyer82
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212339
Online Media:

Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997

Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Moller, Hans  Search this
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Martin, Fletcher  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino  Search this
Maldarelli, Oronzio  Search this
Magafan, Ethel  Search this
Lahm, Ren'ee  Search this
Kingman, Dong  Search this
Healey, Francis C.  Search this
Hale, Nathan Cabot  Search this
Soyer, Isaac  Search this
Gruskin, Mary J.  Search this
Gruskin, Alan D. (Alan Daniel)  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Taubes, Frederic  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Sokole, Miron  Search this
Shulkin, Anatol  Search this
Simkhovitch, Simka  Search this
Schoener, Jason  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty  Search this
Saarinen, Lilian Swann  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Reinhardt, Siegfried  Search this
Palmer, William C.  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Nagler, Edith Kroger  Search this
Nagler, Fred  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Vickrey, Robert  Search this
Varga, Margit  Search this
Wingate, Arline  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Betts, Edward H.  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Coiner, Charles T.  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Etnier, Stephen  Search this
Etting, Emlen  Search this
Midtown-Payson Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Video recordings
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7098
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209231
AAA_collcode_midtgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209231
Online Media:

Fred Meyer papers, 1959-1982

Creator:
Meyer, Fred, 1922-1986  Search this
Meyer, Fred, 1922-1986  Search this
Subject:
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7665
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209828
AAA_collcode_meyefred
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209828

Oral history interview with Fred Meyer

Interviewee:
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Kansas City Art Institute  Search this
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
School for American Crafts  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (sound files Sound recording, digital, wav file)
34 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1982 May
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Fred (Frederick R.) Meyer conducted 1982 May, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Meyer speaks of his art activities as a youth in Wis.; his training at the Cranbrook Academy of Art; and his teaching positions at Cranbrook, the Kansas City Art Institute, the School for American Craftsmen in Rochester, N.Y., and the Rochester Institute of Technology.
Biographical / Historical:
Fred Meyer (1922-1986) was a painter, sculptor, and educator of Scottsville, N.Y. Full name Frederick R. Meyer.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs., 2 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.meyer82
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-meyer82

Fred Meyer papers

Creator:
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Names:
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1959-1982
Scope and Contents:
Thirty-eight letters (1975-1982) include correspondence from Midtown Galleries, the Allentown Art Museum, Gallery St. Paul, and the National Academy of Design concerning Meyer's work, letters from theaters reviewing scripts submitted by Meyer, 2 letters from friends, and 3 letters from his son Michael. The collection also contains outlines for teaching assignments (1959-1969) used in Meyer's classes at the Rochester Institute of Technology, a 21-page script for a skit "R.I.T. in Orbit", and 4 exhibition announcements (1968-1982).
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor and playwright. Born 1922. Full name Frederick R. Meyer. Meyer was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and received his art education at Cranbrook Academy of Art and the universities of Wisconsin and Notre Dame. He has taught at the Kansas City Art Institute, Wayne University, Rochester Institute of Technology, the School of Art and Design and the School for American Craftsmen. His first one-man show was held in 1949 at Midtown Galleries and in 1955 he won a Ford Fellowship for a year in Italy. He is represented in the collections of the Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Everson Museum, Little Rock Museum of Fine Art, and many private collections.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Meyer.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- United States  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.meyefred
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-meyefred

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5387, Frame 953-1401
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1974
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 1: Administrative Correspondence / 1.2: Artists Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4283

Meyer, Fred, cont.

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5388, Frame 5-87
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1974, undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 1: Administrative Correspondence / 1.2: Artists Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4284

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5404, Frame 221-233
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 2: Exhibitions / 2.2: Midtown Galleries Exhibition Files, A-Z
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4459

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5404, Frame 234-242
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 2: Exhibitions / 2.2: Midtown Galleries Exhibition Files, A-Z
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4460

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5411, Frame 1172-1313
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947-1975
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 3: Inventories and Sales Records / 3.3: Artist Accounts, A-Z
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4551

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5415, Frame 732-738
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 6: Photographs / 6.1: People, A-Z and Unidentified
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4644

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Container:
Reel 5418, Frame 203-206
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Midtown Galleries records / Series 6: Photographs / 6.2: Works of Art, A-Z
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4777

Meyer, Fred

Collection Creator:
Eisler Engineering Company.  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 81
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
[undated]
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the majority is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Series 3, Employee Records, personnel files are restrictedContact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Eisler Engineering Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Eisler Engineering Company records
Eisler Engineering Company records / Series 3 : Employee/Personnel Records / 3.1: Personnel Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0734-ref789

Midtown Galleries records

Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Names:
Midtown-Payson Galleries  Search this
Betts, Edward H., 1920-  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Coiner, Charles T., 1897-  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Etnier, Stephen, 1903-1984  Search this
Etting, Emlen, 1905-1993  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Gruskin, Alan D. (Alan Daniel), 1904-1970  Search this
Gruskin, Mary J.  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Hale, Nathan Cabot  Search this
Healey, Francis C.  Search this
Kingman, Dong, 1911-  Search this
Lahm, Ren'ee, 1897-1945  Search this
Magafan, Ethel, 1916-1993  Search this
Maldarelli, Oronzio, 1892-1962  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino, 1896-  Search this
Martin, Fletcher, 1904-1979  Search this
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Moller, Hans, 1905-  Search this
Nagler, Edith Kroger, 1890-1986  Search this
Nagler, Fred, 1891-1983  Search this
Palmer, William C., 1906-  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Reinhardt, Siegfried, 1925-1984  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty, 1889-1971  Search this
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Schoener, Jason  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Shulkin, Anatol, 1899-1961  Search this
Simkhovitch, Simka, 1893-1949  Search this
Sokole, Miron, 1901-  Search this
Soyer, Isaac, 1902-1981  Search this
Taubes, Frederic, 1900-  Search this
Thon, William, 1906-2000  Search this
Varga, Margit, 1908-2005  Search this
Vickrey, Robert, 1926-2011  Search this
Wingate, Arline, 1906-1998  Search this
Extent:
86.82 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Video recordings
Date:
1904-1997
Summary:
The records of Midtown Galleries measure 86.82 linear feet and date from 1904 to 1997. The collection documents the operation and general administration of the business and includes artist records, exhibition material, inventories, financial records, photographs, and printed material.
Scope and Content Note:
Records of Midtown Galleries [including the addition], circa 1904-1997, comprise 86.82 linear feet on 117 microfilm reels. Records are sparse for the early years when the gallery was operated as a cooperative. As the business expanded and became profitable, recordkeeping was more systematic and thorough. Records consist of administrative correspondence, 1927-1989 and undated; exhibition records, 1934-1982 and undated; inventories and sales records, 1946-1980 and undated; financial records, 1933-1957; miscellaneous, 1934-1985 and undated; photographs, circa 1925-circa 1980; printed matter, 1932-1982 and undated; personal papers of Alan D. and Mary J. Gruskin, 1932-1983 and undated; and Papers of Francis C. Healey, 1932-1935 and undated An addition, represents scattered material, 1932-1997 and undated, that remained after the gallery closed in 1995. It includes administrative records, 1934-1995 and undated; photographs circa 1938-1988 and undated; artists records, 1932-1993 and undated; exhibitions, 1958-1993 and undated; videotapes, 1977-1988; and oversize printed matter, 1973-1977 and undated Because microfilmimg of the Midtown Galleries records was already underway when this material was received, it could not be integrated with the main portion of the collection.

Administrative correspondence is categorized as General Correspondence, Artists Correspondence, and Artists Applications. General Correspondence is with clients, collectors, museums and galleries, arts organizations, and businesses providing services to Midtown Galleries, and concerns routine business matters. Artists Correspondence contains both personal and business letters since the Gruskins were close friends of many artists represented by Midtown Galleries. Artists Applications consists of correspondence with artists seeking representation by Midtown Galleries. Both accepted and rejected artists are included in this subseries.

Exhibition records includes schedules and general correspondence about cooperative exhibitions and traveling shows. Exhibition files, arranged by title, contain correspondence concerning arrangements for each show.

Inventories include listings by artist and by warehouse location; also, lists of paintings on consignment, paintings returned to artists, loan/shipping log, and "traffic cards." Sales records include "groups totals,: artists account ledger, and sales slips.

Financial records consist of bills paid, banking records, accounting records, and tax returns with related documentation.

Miscellaneous items include manuscripts of Isabel Bishop Catalogue Raisonne and Biography by Karl Lunde and The Art of Philip Guston by Lester D. Longman. Also included are legal documents such as Act of Incorporation, partnership agreement, and leases; 32 guest registers, 1924-1985 and undated, and 15 samples of artist-designed fabrics produced by Onandoga Silk Co., 1946-1947.

Photographs of people include founders Alan D. Gruskin and Francis C. Healey, Mary J. Gruskin (Mrs. Alan D.) and many artists affiliated with Midtown Galleries. Photographs of works of art are by Midtown artists and others. Also, illustrations for Painting in the U.S.A. by Alan D. Gruskin; 2 albums of photographs of the work of Waldo Peirce, circa 1925-1930s (probably compiled by Peirce). Photographs of exhibitions include Midtown Galleries exhibitions and shows elsewhere featuring works by Midtown artists. Miscellaneous photographs include: Gruskin's Department Store (Pa.); models used by artists Julien Binford, Henry Koerner, and Doris Rosenthal; properties owned by Julien Binford and Hans Moeller; Anatol Shulkin's travel pictures of the Soviet Union; store window displays featuring Midtown artists, and fashion models at Midtown Galleries.

Printed matter includes material produced by Midtown Galleries: exhiition catalogs, 1932-1983 and undated; news releases, 1932-1983 and undated; Midtown News, 1965-1970; and miscellaneous items, 1943-1970 and undated Printed matter produced by others includes is comprised of artists files consisting mainly of newsclippings; also, articles about Midtown Galleries and the Gruskins.

Personal papers of Mary J. and Alan D. Gruskin contain biographical information, correspondence, financial records, miscellaneous items, calendars, and writings of Alan D. Gruskin. Correspondence, 1931-1970 and undated, with family and friends concerns personal business; also, letters of condolence on the death of Alan D. Gruskin, 1970. Financial records include personal finances and documentation of gifts of artwork to institutions, with appraisals and tax information. Calendars, 1939-1983, record both personal engagements and some business appointments. Writings of Alan D. Gruskin include manuscripts and drafts of columns, short stories, a screenplay, radio broadcasts, and lecture notes from courses at Harvard.

Papers of Francis C. Healey are comprised of correspondence that relates to both gallery and ersonal business. Also included are scripts and drafts for radio broadcasts, printed matter, press releases, and proposals for radio programs.

Administrative records received with the addition include general correspondence, correspondence with clients, and correspondence regarding gifts, sales and purchases. Records concerning the sale of Midtown Galleries to John Whitney Payson include Gruskin's and Payson's inventories. Also, included is a history of the gallery.

Photographs are of the Gruskins, their friends, and country house; also, views of Midtown exhibitions, openings, artists, and individual works of art.

Artists records are comprised mainly of artists files, largely containing printed matter. Among the artists records are a file of holiday cards by various artists, many with original artwork. Also included are catalogs of group shows featuring Midtown artists at other galleries

Exhibition materials include announcements, news releases, catalogs, miscellaneous printed matter, and a guest book. A small number of these items are dated after Payson's purchase of Midtown Galleries.

Videotapes of William Palmer, Isabel Bishop, and Robert Vickrey, as well as oversize printed matter relating to Midtown artists, complement the artists records.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 10 series. A detailed explanation of the arrangement of each series is provided with the series descriptions. Each series is subdivided, often by record type, with categories usually arranged chronologically; exceptions are noted. Administrative correspondence (Series 1) is arranged alphabetically, as are many inventories sales records (Series 3). Photographs of people, exhibitions, and works of art (Series 6) are arranged alphabetically, as are the artists files and exhibition clippings portions of the printed matter (Series 7). The addition is described separately in Appendix A; and, wherever possible, reel and frame numbers of related materials received and filmed with the addition have been included in the main text's series descriptions.

Series 1: Administrative Correspondence, 1927-1989, undated (51 linear ft.)

Series 2: Exhibitions, 1932-1982, undated (4 linear feet)

Series 3: Inventories and Sales Records, 1932-1980, undated (5.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1933-1957 (3.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1934-1985, undated (2 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1925-circa 1980 (6.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Matter, 1932-1990, undated (7.25 linear ft.)

Series 8: Personal Papers of Alan D. and Mary J. Gruskin, 1904-1990, undated (4.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Papers of Francis C. Healey, 1932-1935, undated (0.5 linear ft.)

Series 10: Addition, 1932-1997, undated (2.5 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Alan D. Gruskin (1904-1970) hoped to become an artist, but while still a student realized that his talents were better suited to art administration than painting. Following graduation from Harvard University, he worked at a New York gallery that specialized in old masters, returning home to Pennsylvania after a year to pursue a writing career that ultimately proved unsuccessful. Gruskin returned to New York and opened Midtown Galleries at 559 Fifth Avenue in 1932. Specializing in work by living American artists, Midtown was one of a rather small number of commercial galleries in New York City that showed contemporary American art. Midtown Galleries represented academic and realist painters, and purposely avoided abstract art.

Founded during the Depression, Midtown Galleries was a shoe-string operation in its early years. Originally operated as a cooperative, Midtown Galleries' participating artists contributed to the costs and work of presenting exhibitions. Between 1932 and 1935, Gruskin served as "Art Director" of the gallery and his business partner, Francis C. Healey was "Publicity Director." Healey appears to have been responsible for weekly broadcasts on NBC radio designed to interest people in visiting the gallery. The 15-minute programs consisted of discussions with museum directors, curators, artists, writers, and musicians about a broad range of cultural topics. Copies of the scripts were offered for a dime, and the payments mailed by radio listeners bought Gruskin's meals. During this period, Gruskin lived in the gallery. After Healey's departure in 1935, Midtown Galleries ceased to be run as a cooperative.

Midtown Galleries usually represented approximately two dozen artists, and many remained with the gallery for decades. They included: Julien Binford, Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Gladys Rockmore Davis, Emlen Etting, Maurice Freedman, Dong Kingman, Oronzio Maldarelli, William C. Palmer, Waldo Peirce, Doris Rosenthal, Zoltan L. Sepeshy, Frederic Taubes, William Thon, Margit Varga, and Robert Vickrey.

Gruskin worked to educate and interest the public in American art and to promote the artists he represented. In addition to countless reviews, articles, and catalog essays, he wrote three books: Painting in the U.S.A. (1946), The Watercolors of Dong Kingman and How the Artist Works (1958), William Thon: The Artist and His Technique (1964). Gruskin advocated the use of fine art in advertising and industry, obtaining commissions for his artists and at the same time assisting clients in building corporate collections. A prime example is the Upjohn Company which, at Gruskin's urging, included reproductions of paintings in "Your Doctor Speaks," a series of public service announcements. Many of the paintings were purchased subsequently, forming the basis of the Upjohn Collection. A traveling exhibition, The Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, was circulated by Midtown Galleries and featured in a Life magazine article about fine art and advertising. Another example is the fabric patterns, based on paintings by several of Midtown Galleries' artists, commissioned by the Onandoga Silk Company; the fabrics were used for dresses by popular designers, with fashion shows and window displays of paintings by the participating artists at selected department stores throughout the country. Working closely with architects and interior designers, Gruskin and Midtown Galleries were innovators in the use of domestic and business settings to showcase art with Art In Interiors, a series of exhibitions held annually between 1952 and 1961.

Midtown Galleries was a pioneer in circulating traveling exhibitions to colleges and art associations in communities distant from major art museums and commercial galleries. Beginning in 1936 and or more than 35 years, Midtown Galleries circulated 8-10 shows throughout the country each year; most were group shows organized around a theme, though occasional solo exhibitions were offered. Other important exhibitions off the premises were the Central Illinois Art Exposition, 1939, and the contemporary American art exhibition at the New York World's Fair, 1964-1965. The 1939 show organized by Gruskin for the Bloomington, Illinois, Art Association was a large exhibition of American art borrowed from a variety of institutions; the very well-publicized show was heavily attended, drawing visitors from a large area of the rural Midwest, many of whom had never visited a museum or seen original art.

1932 -- established as a cooperative gallery at 559 Fifth Ave. by Alan D. Gruskin (Art Director) and Francis C. Healey (Public Relations Director); Midtown Galleries presented programs on contemporary American art broadcast by NBC radio

1934-1935 -- Tudor City Art Galleries at 8 Prospect Place, New York City, featuring works by Midtown Galleries' artists and others, administered by Gruskin and Healey

1935 -- departure of Francis C. Healey; gallery moved to 605 Madison Ave.; gallery ceased to be run as a cooperative

1936 -- began traveling exhibitions to universities, museums, and regional art associations

1939 -- Central Illinois Art Exposition (Bloomington, Ill.)

1946 -- San Francisco branch opened and closed; publication of Painting in the U.S.A. by Alan D. Gruskin

1951 -- gallery moved to 17 East 57th Street

1958 -- publication of The Watercolors of Dong Kingman and How the Artist Works by Alan D. Gruskin

1962 -- gallery moved to 11 East 57th Street

1964 -- exhibition of contemporary American art at the New York World's Fair, organized by Midtown Galleries; shown in American Interiors Pavilion, this was the only exhibit of its kind at the Fair; publication of William Thon: The Artist and His Technique by Alan D. Gruskin

1966 -- loan of Midtown Galleries' records for microfilming by the Archives of American Art; this small selection, along with many other gallery records, was donated by Mary Gruskin to the Archives between 1972 and 1991, with an additional gift in 1997

1970 -- death of Alan D. Gruskin (1904-1970); Mary J. Gruskin assumes position of Director

1972 -- first portion of Midtown Galleries' records donated to the Archives of American Art by Mrs. Gruskin

1985 -- sale of Midtown Galleries to John Whitney Payson; Bridget Moore, Director, and Mary J. Gruskin, Director Emerita

1986 -- majority of Midtown Galleries' records acquired by the Archives of American Art

1990 -- name changed to Midtown-Payson Galleries; gallery moved to 745 Fifth Ave.

1991 -- additional gift of records by Mrs. Gruskin

1992 -- records arranged, described, and prepared for microfilming

1993 -- microfilming began; continued sporadically, in small segments

1995 -- Midtown-Payson Galleries closed

1997 -- additional gift of records by Mrs. Gruskin

1999 -- microfilming completed
Provenance:
Midtown Galleries loaned a small number of records consisting of news releases, 1939-1966, and exhibition schedules to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1966. Subsequently, Mary J. Gruskin donated this material, along with many other gallery records, to the Archives in several installments between 1972 and 1991; an additional gift was received in 1997. The portion loaned in 1966 is now integrated with the main records and has been refilmed in sequence. Unfortunately, the addition of 1997 was received in Washington, D.C. after microfilming was well underway. The addition has been microfilmed and described separately as Series 10. Wherever possible, the main text has been annotated with reel and frame numbers for related items contained in the addition.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Video recordings
Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.midtgall
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-midtgall

Fred R. Meyer collection of lantern slides, negatives, and photographic prints

Creator:
Meyer, Fred R.  Search this
Names:
Miller, Fred E., 1868-1936  Search this
Throssel, Richard, -1933  Search this
Extent:
199 Lantern slides (black and white)
381 Negatives (photographic) (black and white)
6 Photographic prints
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Juneau (Alaska)
Yosemite Valley (Calif.)
Date:
1890-1915
Scope and Contents:
The Meyer collection consists primarily of lantern slide and glass plates negatives made by Meyer among the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke) and Pikuni (Piegan) in Montana on the Crow and Blackfeet Reservations, perhaps in1902 and in 1904. The Apsáalooke and Pikuni lantern slides and negatives are mostly informal, outdoor portraits of men and women in traditional clothing, but they also depict camps and ceremonials and even buffalo herds. In addition, there are depictions of Ute, Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet), Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Numakiki (Mandan), and Ojibwa individuals. He made the Numakiki photographs on the Fort Berthold Rerservation in North Dakota. The collection also contains landscape views made in Yosemite Valley, California, and British Columbia and cityscapes of Juneau, Alaska. Although Meyer likely photographed the vast majority of the items in the collection, it is unlikely that he created all of them. For example, there are many studio portraits that an amateur such as Meyer lacked the studio space, equipment, and experience to make. In addition, there is at least one glass plate negative of a Fred Miller Crow Reservation photograph and several that appear to be by Cree photographer Richard Throssel, who also made photographs on the Crow Reservation. The five prints (one of these--assigned a print number--is in fact a newspaper clipping announcing the death of Ka-Be-Na-Gway-Wence or Meet-Ka-Be-Nah-Gway) are certainly not by Meyer. Of interest here is a photograph depicting Goyathlay (Geronimo) in later life wearing traditional Chiricahua Apache clothing, including his headdress. Most of the negatives are on glass but some of them are film copies of the glass negatives and lantern slides.
Arrangement note:
Lantern slides: organized in envelopes; arranged by image number

Negatives: organized in envelopes; arranged by negative number
Biographical/Historical note:
Relatively little is known about Fred R. Meyer (1874-1939), but from his photographic record it is clear that he was an amateur photographer who traveled extensively throughout the western United States, particularly in Montana and North Dakota possibly from 1890 to 1915. A handful of his Montana photographs were given to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center by Meyer's friend William P. Sargent. Meyer's notations on the versos of these prints are dated either 1902 or 1904. According to the Historical Center's records, Meyer was a surveyor but other sources indicate that he (also) worked as a butcher. It has also been suggested that he was associated in some way (perhaps as a clerk) with the Indian agencies that served the Apsáalooke, Pikuni, and Numakiki reservations. He apparently also photographed in Pine Ridge in 1907 and collected objects in Wyoming and Montana. On January 19, 1914, he gave a lantern slide lecture at the Rochester Historical Society entitled "Indian Life and Customs in the Great Northwest," and it appears that he was either originally from or eventually settled in Rochester. In addition, in 1913 he may have corresponded with Joseph Keppler. In the letter, he thanks Keppler for a book and a gun and states that he was pleased to give Keppler the medicine teeth, some of which he also planned to give to "Mr. Pepper" (George Pepper?).
Provenance:
Gift of Mrs. Fred R. (Hattie M.) Meyer.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian
Topic:
Crow Indians -- Montana -- Crow Indian Reservation -- Photographs  Search this
Piegan Indians -- Montana -- Great Blackfeet Reservation -- Photographs  Search this
Mandan Indians -- North Dakota -- Fort Berthold Indian Reservation -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Lantern slides
Citation:
Fred R. Meyer collection of lantern slides, negatives, and photographic prints, 1890-1915, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide and catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.032
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-032

Meyer, Fred, New York, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lithography, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lithography
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lithography / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-lithography-ref600

Meyer, Fred G. (1948-1953)

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Phanerogams  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 230, United States National Museum. Division of Phanerogams, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Curatorial Correspondence / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0230-refidd1e1099

Meyer, Fred G.

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 7 of 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Record unit available on microfilm.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 227, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1936-1965. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 7
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0227-refidd1e4493

Calumet pipestem (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Possible collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Hattie M. Meyer (Henrietta Marie Frank/Mrs. Fred R. Meyer), Non-Indian, 1886-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Calumet pipestem (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, fur, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Painted, strung
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
2/6003
Barcode:
026003.000
See related items:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws610331f56-4a8c-4fc3-a826-0fcc0c13688a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27724

Rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Collector:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Seller:
Fred R. Meyer, Non-Indian, 1874-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Rawhide
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
3/5037
Barcode:
035037.000
See related items:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69756e563-ec51-4ff7-8188-09d60101679f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_37399
Online Media:

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