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Oral history interview with Alberto Mijangos

Interviewee:
Mijangos, Alberto, 1925-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Creator:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Names:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Gamboa, Raul  Search this
Goitia, Francisco, 1882-1960  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Sanchez, Gabriel  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Tamayo, Olga  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino, 1899-  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2003 Dec. 5-12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Alberto Mijangos conducted 2003 Dec. 5- 12, by Cary Cordova, for the Archives of American Art, in San Antonio, Tex.
Mijangos speaks of his family background, early childhood memories and early art education at San Carlos Academy of Art; the Air Force in Mexico; Los Tres Grandes, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros; coming to the United States; painting bull fighters; leaving Texas for Chicago; favorite paintings at the Art Institute of Chicago; moving to San Antonio; suspicion of being a communist; becoming a Mexican diplomat; working with Mel Casas who led Mijangos to abstraction; Con Safo; difficulty in achieving respect from Americans; moving to Oaxaca, working there and trying to fit in; returning to San Antonio, changing his lifestyle; changing inspiration, Mark Rothko and Mijangos new use for color; tee-shirt paintings; his relationship with galleries; the artistic community of San Antonio; his use of numbers and fabric in his paintings; interest and use of photography in his artwork. Mijangos also recalls Raul Gamboa, Rufino and Olga Tamayo, Gabriel Sanchez, Francisco Goitia and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Alberto Mijangos (1925-2007) was an artist from San Antonio, Tex. Cary Cordova (1970- ) is an art historian from Austin, Tex.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 48 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.mijang03
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mijang03

Gaspar Enriquez papers

Creator:
Enriquez, Gaspar, 1942-  Search this
Names:
Antone, Bernadin  Search this
Jimenez, Luis, 1940-2006  Search this
Juárez, Miguel, 1958-  Search this
Marin, Cheech  Search this
Silva, Elda  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1973-2017
Summary:
The papers of Chicano painter, portrait artist, and educator Gaspar Enriquez measure 1.5 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1973 to 2017. The papers are comprised of biographical materials, correspondence, writings, commission and project files, exhibition files, and printed and digital materials that document Enriquez's career in El Paso, Texas.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Chicano painter, portrait artist, and educator Gaspar Enriquez measure 1.5 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1973 to 2017. The papers are comprised of biographical materials, correspondence, writings, commission and project files, exhibition files, and printed and digital materials that document Enriquez's career in El Paso, Texas.

Biographical materials include several awards and certificates, photographs, and sketches. Correspondence includes general personal and professional correspondence, notes to Enriquez, and letters with Bernadine Antone, Miguel Juarez, Elda Silva. Writings consist of artist statements, one notebook, a student paper about Luis Jimenez, and statements on teaching. Commission and project files contain digital photographs and other records for mural, book, and room design projects.

Files for exhibitions include documentation on Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation (1990-1993), or CARA, a traveling exhibition and Chicano Visions: American Painters on the Verge (2004), an exhibition of Chicano artwork collected by Cheech Marin. Printed materials contains art reproductions, clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, flyers, invitations, magazines, newsletters, and press releases.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as six series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1976-2014 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1985-2017 (Box 1; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1983-circa 2000 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 4: Commission and Project Files, 1994-2003 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1990-2007 (Box 1, OV 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Materials, 1973-2017 (Boxes 1-2, OV 3; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Gaspar Enriquez (1942- ) is a Chicano painter, portrait artist, and educator in San Elizario in El Paso County, Texas.

Enriquez was born in the historic El Segundo Barrio in El Paso. He received a bachelor's degree from the University of El Paso in 1970 and a master's degree in metals from New Mexico State University in 1985. In addition to his art career, he taught art at Bowie High School in El Paso for 34 years.

Enriquez is known for his portraits of individuals who reflect the Chicano community in which he was raised. Enriquez has stated that "one is born Mexican American, but one chooses to be a chicano." His work allows those unfamiliar with the Chicano community to connect through his portraiture.

Enriquez participated in two seminal, multifaceted exhibitions of Chicano art. Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation/CARA (1990-1993) and Chicano Visions: American Painters on the Verge (2001-2007), an exhibition showcasing the art collection of Cheech Marin, traveled to museums across the United States exposing Chicano art and the Chicano Movement to the traditional art world.

Enriquez has won the 2016 Segundo Barrio Person of the Year Award, the University of Texas at El Paso's Distinguished Alumni Award, and the Mid-Americarts Alliance Fellowship in 1994.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Gaspar Enriquez in 2017.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival born-digital records with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Texas  Search this
Painters -- Texas  Search this
Portrait painters--Texas  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art--Texas  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Gaspar Enriquez papers, 1973-2017. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.enrigasp
See more items in:
Gaspar Enriquez papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-enrigasp

Oral history interview with Santa Barraza

Interviewee:
Barraza, Santa  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Creator:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Names:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Bailey, Ben  Search this
Bustamante, Jorge  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985  Search this
Delgado, Viola  Search this
Dodson, Nora Gonzales  Search this
Juarez, Isabel  Search this
King-Hammond, Leslie, 1944-  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Orozco, Sylvia, 1954-  Search this
Peña, Amado Maurilio, 1943-  Search this
Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-2012  Search this
Reyna, Israel  Search this
Ringgold, Faith  Search this
Schmidt, Maurice  Search this
Starpattern, Rita  Search this
Tibol, Raquel  Search this
Trevino, Barbina Modesta  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
Wilson, Liliana, 1953-  Search this
Extent:
76 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2003 November 21-22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Santa Barraza conducted 2003 November 21-22, by Cary Cordova, for the Archives of American Art, in Kingsville, Texas.
Barraza speaks of her childhood, family and early education; picking cotton in the summer; the University of Texas, Kingsville; meeting Carmen Lomas Garza and learning graphic design; her daughter Andrea; involvement with Mayo, a Mexican-American Youth Organization; Austin, Tex. and the differences between UT Kingsville and UT Austin; and Acuña Rodolfo's book, "Occupied America: the Chicano's Struggle Toward Liberation," 1972. Barraza also discusses Jacinto Quirarte and the first formal art history class on Mexican-American art; the formation of MAS, Mujeres Artistas del Suroeste; the Conferencia del Plástica Chicana, held September 13-16, 1979 in Austin, Texas; Con Safo; use of the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe in her artwork; stories of witchcraft; La Llorona; MACLA, the Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana, founded in 1989 in San Jose, California; teaching at Pennsylvania State University; her studio space in Kingsville, Texas; the distinction between Chicana and Latina; the visual artists Faith Ringgold and Leslie King Hammond whom Barraza admires; her travels to Oaxaca and other places; her book, "Santa Barraza, Artist of the Borderlands," 2001. Barraza also recalls Ben Bailey, Maurice Schmidt, José Rivera, Amado Peña, Israel Reyna, Sylvia Orozco, Barbina Modesta Treviño, Nora González Dodson, Rita Starpattern, Raquel Tibol, Jorge Bustamante, Liliana Wilson, Isabel Juárez, Viola Delgado, Kathy Vargas, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Santa Barraza (1951-) is an artist from Kingsville, Texas. Cary Cordova (1970-) is an art historian from Austin, Texas.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.barraz03
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barraz03

Oral history interview with Alberto Mijangos, 2003 Dec. 5-12

Interviewee:
Mijangos, Alberto, 1925-2007  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Subject:
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Tamayo, Olga  Search this
Goitia, Francisco  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Casas, Mel  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Gamboa, Raul  Search this
Sanchez, Gabriel  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12561
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)246985
AAA_collcode_mijang03
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_246985
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Santa Barraza, 2003 November 21-22

Interviewee:
Barraza, Santa Contreras  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Subject:
Peña, Amado Maurilio  Search this
Orozco, Sylvia  Search this
Wilson, Liliana  Search this
King-Hammond, Leslie  Search this
Tibol, Raquel  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Ringgold, Faith  Search this
Quirarte, Jacinto  Search this
Bailey, Ben  Search this
Schmidt, Maurice  Search this
Reyna, Israel  Search this
Trevino, Barbina Modesta  Search this
Dodson, Nora Gonzales  Search this
Starpattern, Rita  Search this
Bustamante, Jorge  Search this
Juarez, Isabel  Search this
Delgado, Viola  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13254
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)246712
AAA_collcode_barraz03
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_246712
Online Media:

Gaspar Enriquez papers, 1973-2017

Creator:
Enriquez, Gaspar, 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Antone, Bernadin  Search this
Jimenez, Luis  Search this
Juárez, Miguel  Search this
Marin, Cheech  Search this
Silva, Elda  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art--Texas  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17462
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)387806
AAA_collcode_enrigasp
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_387806
Online Media:

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