Portraits of Native Americans made by Charles Milton Bell in his Washington, DC studio. Depicted individuals include Red Cloud, Oglala; Spotted Tail, Brule; Quanah Parker, Comanche; Nawat, Arapaho; Scabby Bull, Arapaho; Wolf Robe, Cheyenne; D. W. Bushyhead, Cherokee; John Jumper, Seminole; Plenty Coups, Crow; Rushing Bear, Arikara; Gall, Hunkpapa; John Grass, Sihasapa; Lean Wolf, Hidatsa; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; and Lone Wolf, Kiowa; as well as people associated with Pawnee Bill's Wild West Show. The collection also includes copies of some images by other photographers, including G. G. Rockwood and F. T. Cummins.
Charles Milton Bell (circa 1849-1893) was the youngest member of a family of photographers that operated a studio in Washington, DC, from around 1860-1874. Bell established his own studio on Pennsylvania Avenue in 1873 and it rapidly became one of the leading photography studios in the city. Bell developed the patronage of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, who sent Native American visitors to the studio to have their portraits made. Bell also made photographs of Native Americans for the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80, NAA MS 4661
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Copy prints previously filed in MS 4661 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 80. These are also copy prints of Bell negatives that were acquired from Boyce and form part of this collection.
Additional C. M. Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4420, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 81-44, Photo lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The collection is open for research.
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Indians of North America -- Southern states Search this
On-a-wat was a member of the 1890 Sauk and Fox delegation which was photographed by C. M. Bell in BAE 693-c,-d.
"On-on-a-wat" name written on original jacket. Spelling corrected and date determined from BAE Negative 667-a,-b (R), in which he is wearing similar clothing except that in BAE Negative 667-a,-b he is wearing a bear-tooth necklace and fur hat.
Story of Red Leggins handwritten in Meskwaki (Fox) syllabary with an English paraphrase by Ida Poweshiek. These texts were collected by Truman Michelson in Tama, Iowa.The author of the story was originally identified as Bill Leaf, but the Meskwaki text is not in his hand. The writer may be Joe Tesson, Jr.
NAA MS 2985
Title changed from "Red Leggins Legend" 4/30/2014.
Primarily Meskwaki (Fox) word lists handwritten by Alfred Kiyana and other ethnological and linguistic notes. Topics include medicines; foods fed to sick people; laxatives; names of dogs and horses; ethno-etymology; and ethno-ichthyology. There are also lists of founders of ceremonies and rules governing membership in tribal dual division appropriate to various gentes. Some notes are in Truman Michelson's hand. These materials were collected by Michelson in Tama, Iowa.
Meskwaki (Fox) syllabic texts and linguistic notes collected by Truman Michelson in Tama, Iowa. The Meskwaki texts were handwritten by Jack Bullard and Edward Davenport. Bullard authored "Red Eagle" and "What Thunderers Did," both with English translations by Michelson. There is also an English translation by Michelson of MeùÞkwihowa, another story by Bullard; the original Meskwaki text is not present. Davenport's texts include stories of his departure from Tama and arrival with "Flodo Keahna" at Carlisle; a visit to Ringling Bros. circus (1918); and a trip to the town of Carlisle. English translations, handwritten by Michelson, are present for all three stories. Also present are a phonetic version by Davenport of his first story and a phonetic version of his third story transcribed from a dictation by Harry Lincoln. The collection also contains linguistic notes, including short texts by Lincoln, and place names.
NAA MS 2830
Title changed from "Vocabulary; phrases; syntax; legend" 4/30/2014.
Texts and anthropometric measurements collected by Truman Michelson during his research among the Arapaho at Fort Washakie, Wyoming. The texts consists of two stories handwritten by Michelson. The first story is in Arapaho with an interlineal English translation. The second story is in English and titled "N. runs a race with elk." The anthropometric measurements are primarily of Arapaho people, but includes measurements of people of other Native and European backgrounds. Included are the measurements of Harry Lincoln, who frequently assisted Truman Michelson with his Meskwaki research. It is unclear if all the measurements were collected in Wyoming as Lincoln resided in Iowa.
NAA MS 3353
Title changed from "Physical anthropology" 5/28/2014.
Notebook containing six ethnological texts handwritten in Meskwaki (Fox) syllabary by Frank Shawata. The titles are "Camp police," "Buffalo-Fish," "Localization of manitous," "Names of months," "Wolf gens," and "Eagle gens."
NAA MS 3351
Other Archival Materials:
See Manuscript 3350 for English translations of texts.
A diagrammatic list of Meskwaki (Fox) expressions, in phonetic text, giving "Meskwaki tiers of earth", numbered 1,2,3,4, and "sky divisions", numbered 5,4,3,2,1. Includes glosses and notes. Information collected from Alfred Kiyana.
NAA MS 1314
Title changed from "Tiers where super-animals are located, etc." 3/14/2013.
Meskwaki (Fox) syllabic text handwritten by Alfred Kiyana on Snail dance, with English translation by Truman Michelson and an unidentified writer. There are also 12 pages of vocabulary notes on the Meskwaki texts in the same unidentified hand. Story and notes collected by Michelson in Tama, Iowa.
NAA MS 2606
Title changed from "Snail dance Legend" 3/27/2014.
Notebook containing Meskwaki (Fox) syllabic text on the waterfowl clan by Alfred Kiyana, with Truman Michelson's English translation on the opposite page. The name "Milford S. Chandler" appears on the top of the first page.
NAA MS 2239
Title changed from "A gens festival; Wabano (?) White Deer (?) Ethnology; legends" 3/25/14.
Page 4 of Meskwaki (Fox) text, handwritten by an unidentified writer. Previously misattributed to Sakihtanohkweha (Mrs Bill Leaf). According to Ives Goddard, this page belongs with MS 2695, which is missing pages 1-6.
NAA MS 2697
Title changed from "Text" 4/15/2014.
See MS 2695 for what is likely the associated text.
Two handwritten Meskwaki (Fox) syllabic texts by an unidentified author, collected by Truman Michelson in Tama, Iowa. The first text is a story of men on the warpath. The second text is the beginning of another story, which is continued in MS 2769.
NAA MS 2768
Title changed from "Story of those who went to war, and portion of another story" 4/28/2014.