13.5 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
This record unit documents the administration and programs of the SOSC during its entire thirty year history. Included is correspondence, memoranda, proposals, and
reports documenting SOSC contracts with agencies of the Federal Government, especially the United States Arctic Research Program of the National Science Foundation and the
National Marine Fisheries Service, United States Department of Commerce; correspondence of SOSC Directors; administrative records, including budget files; annual reports of
the SOSC and the Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center; and correspondence with specialists studying SOSC geological and photograph collections.
The Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center (SOSC) was established in 1962 as a unit of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) reporting to the Assistant Director
for Oceanography. In 1966, administrative responsibility for SOSC was transferred to the newly created Office of Oceanography and Limnology (OLP). OLP was abolished in June
1974, and SOSC again became an administrative unit of NMNH. SOSC was terminated in 1992.
The purpose of SOSC was to assist the international oceanographic effort by processing biological and geological specimens for scientists throughout the world. Other objectives
of SOSC included environmental analyses of biological specimens, and support services for field activities of the Smithsonian and other organizations. Directors of SOSC included
H. Adair Fehlmann, 1962-1973; Betty J. Landrum, 1973-1978; Frank D. Ferrari, 1978-1981; Leslie W. Knapp, 1981-1988; and Ernani G. Menez, 1988-1992.
Smithsonian Institution. Office of International Programs Search this
5.5 cu. ft. (11 document boxes)
This record unit consists of files created primarily by OES, 1970-1973, and OIEP, 1973-1975. Also included are some records of OIP, 1975-1976. Files predating the creation
of OES in October 1969 are those of Irvin Eugene Wallen, in his capacity as Assistant Director for Oceanography, NMNH, and Head of the Office of Oceanography and Limnology,
1964-1969. The records consist of correspondence and memoranda, project proposals and reports, and publications; and include a file documenting the administration and operation
of the Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, 1967-1976, and administrative records, 1964-1975. For other records of OES and OIEP see Record Units 218, 271, and 273.
The history of the Office of International Programs (OIP) can be traced to October 1969 when the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) was established under the Assistant
Secretary for Science. Irvin Eugene Wallen, who had served since 1962 as Assistant Director for Oceanography, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) and Head of the Office
of Oceanography and Limnology, was appointed Director of OES. William L. Eilers replaced Wallen as Director in 1971. Programs and offices under OES direction included: the
Ecology Program; the Oceanography and Limnology Program (OLP), including the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center and the Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center; the Center
for Short-Lived Phenomena (CSLP); and the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), which become an independent bureau in 1973.
In October 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to form the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). Wymberley D. Coerr, former
Ambassador to Ecuador and Uruguay, was appointed Director of the new office. Eilers became Deputy Director of OIEP. Programs under the direction of OIEP included the Smithsonian
Foreign Currency Program and the International Liaison Program, as well as the programs administered by its predecessor, OES. In May 1975 OIEP was renamed the Office of International