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Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 Negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a7ad21af-6cc2-49e2-a636-bcf01e1c4dc6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Online Media:

New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
34 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1909-1917
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made in Nova Scotia among several Mikmaq (Micmac) communities and in New Brunswick among the Maliseet (Malecite) community. These photographs were taken between 1909 and 1917.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 3
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46c166eed-8a55-42ca-a1a2-7ffcc2043bd0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref512

Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"

Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Names:
Barlow, Peter, Chief  Search this
Extent:
23 Photographic prints
1 Contact sheet
Culture:
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Contact sheets
Place:
Maine
New Brunswick (Canada)
Date:
circa 1970
Summary:
This collection contains 23 photographic prints and one contact sheet (36 images) made by Frederick John Pratson for his book Land of the Four Directions, published in 1970. Photographs include images of Passamaquoddy community members in Indian Township, Maine as well as Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation and Mi'kmaq community members of Big Cove and Indian Island in New Brunswick, Canada.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes one contact sheet with 36 images and 23 photographic prints of varying sizes made for Frederick John Pratson's 1970 publication Land of the Four Directions. The images on the contact sheet were most likely shot on the Mi'kmaq First Nation on Indian Island in Kent County, New Brunswick, Canada. These include portraits of Mi'kmaq Chief Peter Barrow, along with several other unidentified men. A handful of these images include Pratson himself.

A large number of the photographic prints (silver gelatin) were shot in the late 1960s among the Passamaquoddy community in Maine and were identified in 2010 by Donald G. Soctomah, Historic Preservation Officer of the Passamaquoddy Tribe. Many of the photographs include images of children, many from the Dana family, going about their daily lives. The rest of the prints are listed as being photographed among Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation in New Brunswick, Canada and also include a large number of portraits of children, many of them still unidentified.
Contact sheet catalog numbers: P25886-P25922; Photographic Print catalog numbers: P25923-P25945, P37586-P37588
Arrangement:
Arranged in six folders by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Born October 4, 1935 in Hartford Connecticut to John and Catherine Pratson, Frederick John Pratson was a historian and travel guide writer. After graduating from Boston College in 1957, he wrote for the travel section of the Boston Globe in addition to publishing a number of guidebooks which covered Canada and parts of the United States. In 1970, Pratson published Land of the Four Directions based on travels, photography and interviews among Passamaquoddy community members in Indian Township, Maine as well as Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation and Mi'kmaq community members of Big Cove and Indian Island in New Brunswick, Canada.

Pratson later returned to Indian Island Reservation in New Brunswick to interview Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Chief Peter Barlow in 1972. He also conducted interviews with William Jalbert, a lumberjack in Round Pond, Maine and with a group of Fisherman in East Dover, Nova Scotia. These interviews, done under the sponsorship of the New England-Atlantic Provinces-Quebec Center at the University of Maine (Orono) are now held in the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History at the University of Maine.

Pratson died in December 1989, leaving a wife, four sons and two daughters.
Related Materials:
MF 042 Frederick Pratson Collection located at the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History, University of Maine.
Provenance:
Gift Frederick John Pratson, circa 1985.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv48707aea5-78f0-4896-9d31-13daf58e22a6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-341
Online Media:

Portrait of two smiling girls

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of two young girls, possibly Maliseet (Malecite), in cotton print dresses smiling at each other. Either shot in Maine or New Brunswick, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25932
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4706c7370-9790-4e28-86f5-96ba06bf729d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref11

Young boy watching television

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of a young boy, possibly Maliseet (Malecite), seated while watching television in a home. Either shot in Maine or New Brunswick, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25927
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44766ad7e-a3cd-41e1-98a9-c2299ce837d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref6

Two children running outside

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor view from behind of two children running, arm-in-arm, across snow-covered grassy area, with three dwellings in background. The children are possibly Passamaquoddy, photographed in Indian Township or Pleasant Point Reservation (Sipayik), Maine, though it is also possible this photograph was shot on the Maliseet (Malecite) Tobique Reserve in Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25928
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46b360741-b016-4e80-9bce-e2c9442a45cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref7

Malecite man, John Stevens

Creator:
Orr, A. F.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
Notation on front of print: "John Stevens." Embossed on front: "A.F. Orr, Oldtown, Me." Notations on back of mount: "John Stevens, Maliseet Tribe, Kingsclear Reserve, Fredericton, N. B. b. 1867." "1st wife Elizabeth - children George, James, Lawrence & Alice; had 5 wives in all; First Maine Indian Commissioner of Indian Affairs was grandson John W. Stevens (8/11/1933), Passamaquoddy (Son of George.)" "Orig. fam. is John Stevens, This picture: Father was James Stevens (N. B.); Mother was Susan Saulis (?) (N. B.); Sister Lizzie &; Mary; grandmother was Sally Saulis."

Photographer: A. F. Orr, Oldtown, Maine.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.748163
Local Note:
Mount: irregular size (5 1/8" x 7 1/8"); cream with beveled edge; no lines of additional colors; photo in oval in center surrounded by embossed bead and reel and plain line accents.
Black and white copy negative
Topic:
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Orr, A. F.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw371d606a8-f197-46eb-b321-0d9e02bf3775
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12129

Box with cover

Culture/People:
probably Maliseet (Malecite) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William F. Stiles (WFS), Non-Indian, 1912-1980  Search this
Seller:
William F. Stiles (WFS), Non-Indian, 1912-1980  Search this
Object Name:
Box with cover
Media/Materials:
Birchbark
Techniques:
Etched
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Nova Scotia; Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
23/1864
Barcode:
231864.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60f1a9f05-c168-4fce-ba43-f3bcd822dca0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247021
Online Media:

MS 2807 Truman Michelson notes on Malecite vocabulary

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Truman Michelson's brief notes on Malecite vocabulary. Includes a comparative term in Meskwaki (Fox.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2807
Topic:
Fox language  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2807, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2807
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3281a2547-fdcb-4e46-b842-0ef3f86158c6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2807

MS 3928 English-Algonquian vocabulary on cards, compiled from information in reply to letters of inquiry

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Cree  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Miami  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Munsee Delaware  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Natick  Search this
Nipissing Algonquin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The information is secondary and lacks documentation. The cards are interfiled, but terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Abnaki, Algonkin, Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Delaware, Malecite, Massachusetts Algonkin, Miami, Micmac, Mohegan, Montagnais, Montauk, Munsee, Narragansett, Nascapi, Natick, New England and New Jersey Algonkin, Nipissing, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Shawnee, Virginia Algonquian.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3928
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Delaware (Lenape)  Search this
Gros Ventre  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3928, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3928
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3545345ee-0477-4d03-a710-00bd8943cec6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3928

MS 4349 Stanley C. Fisher Papers

Creator:
Fisher, Stanley C.  Search this
Correspondent:
Nudahbeh Penobscot  Search this
Names:
Red Eagle, Henry Malecite  Search this
Culture:
Red Paint People  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
American Indian -- Northeast -- Headdress -- Costume  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Wawenock  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Red Paint culture  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters
Clippings
Notes
Sketches
Date:
1940
Scope and Contents:
Remarks: 10/18/40- Letter to National Geographic Society, referred to Dr. Stirling for reply. Inquiry re. Penobscot villages, and native dress of the pre-colonial period. 1/9/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Algonquians. 1/21/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Seminoles. Enclosed sketch of Indian figure wearing tunic. 2/18/46 - Letter re. Algonquian tribal divisions; dugout canoes, etc. 5/6/46 - Letter dated April 21, 1946, forwarded to Dr. F.G. Speck for reply.
3/26/50 - Sketch of native dress (from "Penobscot Man") and moccasin; notes; letter. 3/31/50 - North Eastern Indian costumes, Wawenock tribe (Abnaki?) in 1615 - who were they? 4/3/50 - Whitetail deer in Maine, its range, population etc. Sketch of Indian in native dress on snowshoes. 4/11/50 - Reply to above letters by Dr. Stirling in acknowledgement of information contained therein. 4/12/50 - Costumes of Maliset or Woolastook, and Passamaquoddy, including the kilt, etc., etc. enclosed sketches. 4/17/50 - Warfare between the Wabanaki and Iroquois; reference to Henry Red Eagle, A Wolastook, also known as Malacite; said to be a chief (?). 4/23/50 - Additional notes on the Malecite costume (kilt) (miscellaneous newsclippings included),
ate., etc. A typed and signed letter from F.G. Speck to Mr. Fisher was enclosed with the letter of April 17, 1950. 1950 (not itemized) 5/17/46 - Notes on "Red Paint People"; flint deposit at Mt. Kineo, Moosehead Lake; stone relics; collections of artifacts at State House, Maine, and U.S. National Museum. 9/19/49 - Data on early N.E. headdresses and costumes. Enclosed sketch of feather headdress. 2/ /50 - Notes on moccasins (sketches); notes on Saco or Sakoki tribe; linguistic notes. Enclosed letter to him written by Chief Nudahbeh (a Penobscot). 3/2/50 - Sketch of birch bark wigwam of Maine Indians, and notes in letter. 3/12/50 - Sketch of Indian moccasin; sketch (pen and ink) showing coon killing a copperhead.
Newsclipping on Cheyenne protest against mural in the Postoffice at Watonga, Oklahoma. 3/20/50 - Notes on scalping - taught to Indians by European soldiers (?). Sketch of Indian in native dress. Newsclipping of Maine bull moose. 3/22/50 - Drawings of Indians of Colonial period; birch bark wigwam; moccasins, headdress, costume decorations.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4349
Topic:
Migrations -- Algonquian  Search this
Migrations -- Seminole  Search this
Canoes  Search this
Wigwam  Search this
Scalping  Search this
Snowshoes and snowshoeing  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Abenaki  Search this
Eastern Abenaki  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Clippings
Notes
Sketches
Citation:
Manuscript 4349, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4349
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d8b5a2ec-2a29-4531-9a2c-82f94b2e8ffa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4349

MS 2806 Edward Sapir notes on vocabularies of Algonquian languages

Creator:
Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939  Search this
Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
28 Pages
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
circa 1911
Scope and Contents:
Edward Sapir's typed notes on the vocabularies of various Algonquian languages that he collected in 1911. List of languages covered: Delaware, pages 1-6; Abnaki (Pierreville), page 7-12; Malecite (Riviere du Loup, Thomas Paul), pages 13-17; Micmac, pages 18-23, Cree (Rupert's House), pages 24-25; Montagnais (Louis Clairie, Pointe Bleue), pages 26-28. There are annotations and corrections in ink in Sapir's handwriting (identified by Mary Haas, 4/58). There are also pencil additions signed by Michelson; perhaps all of the pencil additions are his.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2806
Local Note:
Title changed from "Vocabularies" 5/1/2014.
Topic:
Algonquian languages  Search this
Munsee language  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Micmac language  Search this
Cree language  Search this
Montagnais language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2806
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31caadc41-55ec-4b08-acc8-d99252281777
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2806
Online Media:

MS 2681 Malecite and Nascapi field notes collected by Truman Michelson

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
84 Pages
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923
Scope and Contents:
Anthropometric, linguistic, and ethnographic notes on the Maliseet (Malecite) and Naskapi (Nascapi). These were collected by Truman Michelson during his 1923 fieldwork in Canada among the Maliseet at "Indian Village," 14 miles from Fredericton, New Brunswich and the Naskapi and other Indians from Davis Inlet, Ungava, and Northwest River while lodged at a Hudson Bay Company post at Northwest River in Newfoundland and Labrador. Michelson added additional notes at a later period.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2681
Local Note:
Title changed from "Linguistics; some physical anthropology; general ethnology" 4/7/2014.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Naskapi language  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2681, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2681
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw313cb1620-d568-4fca-8a88-4b5ddc34a52d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2681
Online Media:

MS 13 Melicite (Malisit') vocabulary

Creator:
Chamberlain, Montague  Search this
Adney, E. Tappan  Search this
Annotator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Paul, James  Search this
Paul, Mary  Search this
Extent:
112 Pages
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1880
Scope and Contents:
Includes letter of transmittal. St John, New Brunswick. December 13, 1880. Autograph letter signed. 1 page. Recorded in Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages, 1877. Includes brief explanatory notes and ethnological remarks, also the text of "Story of the man the Bear gens take their name from," with English interlinear translations, pages 106-109.. Includes occasional comparative notes on Abnaki in the handwriting of A.S. Gatschet.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 13
Local Note:
With the Manuscript are filed some corrections concerning bird names received by the Bureau of American Ethnology from E. Tappan Adney, Typescript document. 1 page, and a reprint of Adney's article, "The Malecite Indian Names for Native Berries and Fruits, and their Meanings," Acadian Naturalist, volume 1, 1944, pages 103-110, with Manuscript corrections by Adney.
autograph document
Other Title:
Story of the man the Bear Gens take their name from
The Malecite Indian Names for Native Berries and Fruits, and their Meanings
Topic:
Folklore -- Malecite  Search this
Bird names -- Malecite  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 13, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS13
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38581406b-547f-41b7-983d-135586b71083
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms13

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Rush/rushes
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine, New Brunswick; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7590
Barcode:
067590.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c7467324-7abc-4390-81c2-673b84464eb0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72954
Online Media:

Basket bowl

Culture/People:
probably Maliseet (Malecite) (attributed)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket bowl
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, wood
Techniques:
Plaited, wicker-plaited, fancy plaited weave
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7595
Barcode:
067595.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws660c085fa-3862-4007-b0d2-ce0809ccc49e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72959
Online Media:

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
possibly Maliseet (Malecite) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Mrs. George E. Post, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Mrs. George E. Post, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Rush/rushes
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine, New Brunswick; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7596
Barcode:
067596.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66bab4153-27b4-4460-9048-892303459a2f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72960
Online Media:

Smoking mixture

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Wilson D. Wallis, Non-Indian, 1886-1970  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (The University Museum)  Search this
Object Name:
Smoking mixture
Media/Materials:
Willow bark
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/9274
Barcode:
029274.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a29ca7b9-b58a-4498-a16b-b72381d359a4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_31327
Online Media:

Snowshoes

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Snowshoes
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8178
Barcode:
028178.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69f830afe-fcbc-476c-86ce-1fe68cd72f55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30163
Online Media:

Snowshoes (child's)

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Snowshoes (child's)
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8179
Barcode:
028179.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws660271e35-17ba-4c4d-8e0a-f15ba63d1a53
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30164
Online Media:

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