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Oral history interview with Santa Barraza

Interviewee:
Barraza, Santa  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Creator:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Names:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Bailey, Ben  Search this
Bustamante, Jorge  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985  Search this
Delgado, Viola  Search this
Dodson, Nora Gonzales  Search this
Juarez, Isabel  Search this
King-Hammond, Leslie, 1944-  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Orozco, Sylvia, 1954-  Search this
Peña, Amado Maurilio, 1943-  Search this
Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-2012  Search this
Reyna, Israel  Search this
Ringgold, Faith  Search this
Schmidt, Maurice  Search this
Starpattern, Rita  Search this
Tibol, Raquel  Search this
Trevino, Barbina Modesta  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
Wilson, Liliana, 1953-  Search this
Extent:
76 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2003 November 21-22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Santa Barraza conducted 2003 November 21-22, by Cary Cordova, for the Archives of American Art, in Kingsville, Texas.
Barraza speaks of her childhood, family and early education; picking cotton in the summer; the University of Texas, Kingsville; meeting Carmen Lomas Garza and learning graphic design; her daughter Andrea; involvement with Mayo, a Mexican-American Youth Organization; Austin, Tex. and the differences between UT Kingsville and UT Austin; and Acuña Rodolfo's book, "Occupied America: the Chicano's Struggle Toward Liberation," 1972. Barraza also discusses Jacinto Quirarte and the first formal art history class on Mexican-American art; the formation of MAS, Mujeres Artistas del Suroeste; the Conferencia del Plástica Chicana, held September 13-16, 1979 in Austin, Texas; Con Safo; use of the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe in her artwork; stories of witchcraft; La Llorona; MACLA, the Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana, founded in 1989 in San Jose, California; teaching at Pennsylvania State University; her studio space in Kingsville, Texas; the distinction between Chicana and Latina; the visual artists Faith Ringgold and Leslie King Hammond whom Barraza admires; her travels to Oaxaca and other places; her book, "Santa Barraza, Artist of the Borderlands," 2001. Barraza also recalls Ben Bailey, Maurice Schmidt, José Rivera, Amado Peña, Israel Reyna, Sylvia Orozco, Barbina Modesta Treviño, Nora González Dodson, Rita Starpattern, Raquel Tibol, Jorge Bustamante, Liliana Wilson, Isabel Juárez, Viola Delgado, Kathy Vargas, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Santa Barraza (1951-) is an artist from Kingsville, Texas. Cary Cordova (1970-) is an art historian from Austin, Texas.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.barraz03
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barraz03

Oral history interview with Benito Huerta, 2004 Feb. 29-Mar. 2

Interviewee:
Huerta, Benito, 1952-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Subject:
Livingston, Jane  Search this
Yanez, Rene  Search this
Pitman, Bonnie  Search this
Hernandez, John  Search this
Zamudio-Taylor, Victor  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
Beardsley, John  Search this
Chin, Mel  Search this
Caton, David  Search this
Lynn Goode Gallery  Search this
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Curators -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12217
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)247972
AAA_collcode_huerta04
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_247972
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mel Casas, 1996 August 14 and 16

Interviewee:
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Incarnate Word College (San Antonio, Tex.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5449
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216023
AAA_collcode_casas96
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216023
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Barbara Carrasco, 1999 April 13-26

Interviewee:
Carrasco, Barbara, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Chavez, Cesar  Search this
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Valadez, John  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts  Search this
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5447
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216606
AAA_collcode_carras99
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216606
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Benito Huerta

Interviewee:
Huerta, Benito, 1952-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Creator:
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Names:
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Lynn Goode Gallery  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Beardsley, John  Search this
Caton, David  Search this
Chin, Mel, 1951-  Search this
Hernandez, John, 1952-  Search this
Livingston, Jane  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Pitman, Bonnie  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
Yanez, Rene  Search this
Zamudio-Taylor, Victor  Search this
Extent:
5 Sound discs (Sound recording, master (5 hrs., 52 min.), digitial, 2 5/8 in.)
84 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound discs
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 Feb. 29-Mar. 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Benito Huerta conducted 2004 Feb. 29-Mar. 2, by Cary Cordova, for the Archives of American Art, in Arlington, Tex.
Huerta speaks of his early childhood; interest in art; attending graduate school at New Mexico State University; the exhibition "Hispanic Art in the United States: Thirty Contemporary Painters and Sculptors," 1987; interest in music and planning programs while attending undergraduate school at the University of Houston; his relationship with artist Mel Chin; his exhibition at the Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston; the Lynn Goode Gallery and an exhibition entitled "Aneurism"; criticism of his artwork; living in San Francisco for two years; Galería de la Raza; painting on black velvet; the exhibition "Chulas Fronteras (Beautiful Borders)" 1986; his chalupas series; the value of curating versus making his own art; "Seen and Unseen" at Diverse Works 1983; "Cowboys, Cadillacs, and Computers" Lawndale Art and Performance Center, University of Houston, 1985; his installation pieces; maps and global images in his work; his co-founding of the art Magazine "Artlies"; public commissions; connections to North Carolina; the Serie project; and the artists he has worked with since arriving at University of Texas, Arlington. Huerta also recalls David Caton, Jane Livingston, John Beardsley, René Yañez, Carmen Lomas Garza, John Hernandez, Kathy Vargas, Victor Zamudio Taylor, Bonnie Pitman, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Beniton Huerta (1952-) is an artist from Arlington, Tex. Interviewer Cary Cordova (1970-) is an art historian.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Curators -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.huerta04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-huerta04

Oral history interview with Mel Casas

Interviewee:
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Incarnate Word College (San Antonio, Tex.) -- Faculty  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Extent:
66 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1996 August 14 and 16
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Mel Casas conducted 1996 August 14-16, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Casas discusses his current work - dipped acrylic paintings in which technique and material become the subject; his involvement with Chicano art political issues and his own experience as a Mexican-American; a discussion of his family background; art education; early Abstract Expressionist painting; a shift to figuration; thirty years teaching at San Antonio College; the Chicano "movimiento"; and Chicano art and key figures, including Carlos Almaraz and Carmen Lomas Garza.
Biographical / Historical:
Mel Casas (1929-) is a painter from San Antonio, Texas.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 5 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.casas96
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-casas96

Oral history interview with Carmen Lomas Garza

Interviewee:
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
5 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (4 hrs.), analog)
122 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Apr. 10-May 27
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Carmen Lomas Garza conducted 1997 Apr. 10-May 27, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Lomas Garza discusses her working environment at Hunter Point Shipyard, a former naval facility on San Francisco Bay, near Candlestick Park, occupied by artists and small businesses; growing up in Kingsville, Tex., near Corpus Christi; her education at Texas A and I University (now Texas A and M) and graduating from the University of Texas at Austin with a B.S. in art education (1969); her activism in the Chicano movement during her college years; joining the farm workers march in Kingsville in 1965; installing an art show for MAYO (Mexican Workers Youth Organization) conference in 1969; the impact upon her of MAYO's walkout at Robstown High School, Tex., while she was a student teacher there, in protest of the lack of Mexican American teachers and curriculum; joining Galeria de La Raza in San Francisco, 1976, while a graduate student at Washington State University and the effect it had on the development of her career as an artist; the inspiration of her mother, who painted "lotteria tablas" (figures on boards; game cards); her interest in children's art; using family experiences for her "monitos" or "little figures" (cards painted with sets of fifteen numbers); and preserving her Mexican-American traditions as a basis for her identity.
Biographical / Historical:
Carmen Lomas Garza (1948-) is a painter from California.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview received from a donation to AAA from the Los Angeles women's art organization Double X.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
Carmen Lomas Garza has allowed the interview transcript to be placed online but is currently in the process of correcting errors in translation and identifying correct names. Researchers should contact Carmen Lomas Garza at: PO Box 881683, San Francisco Calif. 94188-1683; E-mail: lasecretaria@carmenlomasgarza
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.garza97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-garza97

Oral history interview with Barbara Carrasco

Interviewee:
Carrasco, Barbara, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles -- Faculty  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles -- Students  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts -- Students  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Chavez, Cesar, 1927-  Search this
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Valadez, John, 1951-  Search this
Extent:
87 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1999 April 13-26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Barbara Carrasco conducted 1999 April 13 and 26, by Jeffrey Rangel, in two sessions, for the Archives of American Art.
Carrasco speaks of the roles played by her parents in her career as an artist, her experiences as a light-skinned Chicana, and the marginalization of women artists within the Chicano art movement; her relationship and marriage to fellow artist, Harry Gamboa, Jr., who has supported women artists; and her perception of Asco ("nausea" in Spanish), a group of artists and performers who joined together during the Chicano civil rights movement. She also discusses the influence of the art professors at UCLA and the quality of the training she received there; working with Carlos Almaraz and John Valadez on the "Zoot Suit" mural in Hollywood; meeting César Chávez and how he in part shaped her identity as a cultural worker; attending California School of Fine Arts, Valencia, California, and receiving her MFA there; other Chicana artists such as Carmen Lomas Garza; and the changes in her most recent work.
Biographical / Historical:
Barbara Carrasco (1955-) is a painter and muralist from Los Angeles, California. Carrasco was born in El Paso, Texas, and a resident of the Los Angeles area since 1956. She is best known for her work inspired by the United Farm Workers Union, by her experiences as a Chicana, by historical events, and by personal issues.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 41 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview and transcription provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Initiatives Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.carras99
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-carras99

Oral history interview with Carmen Lomas Garza, 1997 Apr. 10-May 27

Interviewee:
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13540
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216257
AAA_collcode_garza97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216257
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Santa Barraza, 2003 November 21-22

Interviewee:
Barraza, Santa Contreras  Search this
Interviewer:
Cordova, Cary  Search this
Subject:
Peña, Amado Maurilio  Search this
Orozco, Sylvia  Search this
Wilson, Liliana  Search this
King-Hammond, Leslie  Search this
Tibol, Raquel  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Vargas, Kathy  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Ringgold, Faith  Search this
Quirarte, Jacinto  Search this
Bailey, Ben  Search this
Schmidt, Maurice  Search this
Reyna, Israel  Search this
Trevino, Barbina Modesta  Search this
Dodson, Nora Gonzales  Search this
Starpattern, Rita  Search this
Bustamante, Jorge  Search this
Juarez, Isabel  Search this
Delgado, Viola  Search this
Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Mexican American artists -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art -- Texas  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13254
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)246712
AAA_collcode_barraz03
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_246712
Online Media:

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic American art -- Sources  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Sources  Search this
Hispanic American artists -- Sources  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts -- Sources  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216281
AAA_collcode_ybartoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216281
Online Media:

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Names:
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Lomas Garza, Carmen  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
33.1 Linear feet
1.27 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Date:
1965-2004
Summary:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, measures 33.1 linear feet and 1.27 GB and dates from 1965-2004. The collection, amassed throughout Ybarra-Frausto's long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States and chronicles Ybarra-Frausto's role as a community leader and scholar in the political and artistic Chicano movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.
Scope and Content Note:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, amassed throughout his long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States. As community leader and scholar, Ybarra-Frausto played dual roles of active participant and historian in the Chicano movement, chronicling this unique political and artistic movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.

Deeply rooted in American history, "El Movimiento," the Chicano movement, evolved from Mexican-Americans' struggle for self-determination during the civil rights era of the 1960s. It began as a grassroots community effort that enlisted the arts in the creation of a united political and cultural constituency. Chicano artists, intellectuals, and political activists were instrumental in mobilizing the Mexican-American community for the cause of social justice, and the movement was shaped by the affirmation of a cultural identity that embraced a shared heritage with Mexico and the United States.

Just as "El Movimiento" aimed to instruct and inspire through the recollection and conservation of culture, Ybarra-Frausto's own career as scholar and historian helped to shape the intellectual discourse of the Chicano art. As a leading historian and theoretician in the field of Chicano Studies, he has written extensively on the subject, and has been instrumental in defining the canons of Chicano art. His papers are accordingly rich and varied, and they will be of great use to future scholars.

His research material, dating from 1965 to 1996, are arranged in subject files containing original writings, notes, bibliographies compiled by Ybarra-Frausto and others, exhibition catalogues, announcements, newspaper clippings and other printed material, as well as slides and photographs. Many of these files also include interview transcripts and correspondence with prominent figures in the movement. While this research collection contextualizes Chicano art within the larger framework of Latino and Latin-American culture, the bulk of the files relates specifically to Chicano visual culture. The collection also contains pertinent documentation of the Chicano civil rights movement, material on Chicano poets and writers, and research files on the wider Hispanic community, but these also appear within the context of Chicano culture in general.

Prominent among the bibliographies are the many notes and drafts related to the publication of A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981 (University of California, Berkeley, 1985), which Ybarra-Frausto co-authored with Shifra Goldman. Ybarra-Frausto's files on Goldman, like other files in the collection, document his close associations and collaborations with scholars.

Art historians have traditionally found the categorization of Chicano art a difficult task. Unsure whether to classify the work as "American" or "Latin American," critics often ignored the work altogether. An outgrowth of this dilemma was the proliferation of artists, curators, and critics within the Chicano community, and the papers contain many original writings by Chicano artists about Chicano art, found in extensive files on artists that will be of particular significance to researchers. These often contain exhibition essays, dissertation proposals, and course outlines authored by the artists, along with the standard biographies, exhibition records, and reviews. Some of the files contain rare interviews conducted and transcribed by Ybarra-Frausto. Highlights include conversations with Carmen Lomas Garza, Amalia Mesa-Bains, and members of the Royal Chicano Air Force artist cooperative.

As a member of several Chicano art organizations and institutions, Ybarra-Frausto kept active records of their operation. The extensive files on the Mexican Museum and Galerie de la Raza/Studio 24, both in San Francisco, not only chronicle the history of Chicano art through the records of exhibitions and programming, but also offer case studies on the development of non-profit art institutions. The files on artist cooperatives, organizations, and exhibition spaces cover several regions of the United States, but focus on California, Texas and New York.

Two notable events in the development of Chicano art were the 1982 Califas: Chicano Art and Culture in California seminar at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and the 1990 traveling exhibition Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985 (CARA), of which Ybarra-Frausto served as organizer and catalogue essayist. His records document the planning and development of these seminal events. Ybarra-Frausto's files on folk art, altars, posters, murals, performance art, border art, Chicana feminist art, and Southwestern and Mexican imagery (both urban and rural expressions) mirror the diverse forms and subject matter of Chicano art.

Spanning almost four decades of American culture from a Chicano perspective, these files have a unique historical value. The legacy of Chicano art and its contribution to the cultural landscape of this country, kept alive in Ybarra-Frausto's files, attests to the richness and diversity of American art.

Henry C. Estrada

Research Fellow, 1997.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series of subject files. The general contents of each folder have been listed. The subject files are arranged in alphabetical order. While no two files are alike, they may contain résumés, printed and digital material, letters, draft writings, and photographs. Unless otherwise noted, each listing represents one file folder. The abbreviation TYF was used to refer to the name Tomá Ybarra-Frausto throughtout the Series Description.
Autobiographical Note:
Papelitos (little bits of paper), whether rent receipts, paid bills, or piles of personal letters, can become layered bundles of personal history. I have always been a pepenador (a scavenger) and saver of paper scraps. Diary notes, scribbled annotations, and first drafts are often useful indicators of ideas and gestation. Papelitos are the fragments of every-day life that gain expanded meaning integrated into the larger historical events of a period.

In the decade of the 1960s, I started saving ephemeral material--exhibition announcements, clippings of individual artists and of organizations fomenting a Chicano art movement. The social scenarios of the period such as marches, strikes, sit-ins, and mobilizations for social justice all spawned manifestos, posters, leaflets, and other forms of printed material. I somehow managed to assemble and protect the evanescent printed information that recorded the birth and development of Chicano art.

As I started to research and write about Chicano art and artists of the period, I continued to clip, photocopy, and preserve material given me by Mexican-American artists from throughout the nation. My idea was to form an archive that would be comprehensive rather than selective. I knew that it was the offbeat, singular piece of paper with a missing link of information that would attract the scholar.

Today, several decades after the flowering of Chicano art, there is still a lamentable paucity of research and information about this significant component of American art.

It is my fervent hope that this compendium of information will function as a resonant print and image bank for investigators of Chicano culture. Perhaps contained within the archive are the facts that will inspire new visions or revisions of Chicano art and culture--this is my fondest dream.

Dr. Tomás Ybarra-Frausto

New York City, 1998
Related Materials:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers are located at University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto in 1997, and in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic American art -- Sources  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Sources  Search this
Hispanic American artists -- Sources  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ybartoma
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Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ybartoma
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Lomas-Garza, Carmen

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
(6 folders; see also: CARA; Garcia, Rupert; Gronk; Box 30; OV 32)
Container:
Box 15, Folder 32-37
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
(exhibition announcements; exhibition brochures; catalogs; resume; sales receipt; book by Lomas Garza, Papel Picado: Paper Cutout Techniques, Xicanindio Arts Coalition, Mesa, Arizona, 1984; TYF's notes on Lomas Garza; clippings; oversize materials; slides; note to TYF from Lomas Garza, undated; note to TYF and Dudley, from Lomas Garza, undated; typescript of essay on Lomas Garza by TYF, from the catalog, Carmen Lomas Garza: Lo Real Maravilloso: the Marvelous/The Real, The Mexican Museum, San Francisco, 1988; catalog, Mano a Mano: Abstraction/Figuration: 16 Mexican-American & Latin-American Painters from the San Francisco Bay Area, The Art Museum of Santa Cruz County and University of California Santa Cruz, 1988; Festival Internaxional de la Raza, "Los Artistas Chicanos del Valle de Tejas: Narradores de Mitos Y Tradiciones," 1991; Handwritten transcript of interview with Lomas Garza by TYF; polaroid photographs of Lomas Garza; memo to Dudley and TYF from Vincente M. Martinez, Acting Chief Curator Millicent Rogers Museum, 04/03/1995, re. invitations to exhibition opening and loan of piece)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1011

Martínez, César Augusto (see also: Lomas Garza, Carmen),

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-1999
Scope and Contents note:
(exhibition announcements; The Canadian Club Hispanic Art Tour call for entries, Martínez painting featured; letter to TYF from Martínez, 04/12/1985; resume; letter to TYF from Lynn Goode, 10/19/1992, re. TYF's purchase of a Martínez piece; ArtPace International Artist-In-Residence Program brochure, 1997; catalog; clippings)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1059

General, continued

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
(18 folders; 2 folders for 1983; see also: Acosta-Colñn, Marie; Arreguín, Alfredo; Gronk; INTAR; Lomas-Garza, Carmen; Montoya, José; Valdez, Patssi; Box 30)
Container:
Box 18, Folder 1-18
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
(see above, and: letter to TYF from Gloria Jaramillo, Curator of Collections, 04/27/1983, re. TYF's purchase of a ceramic by Richard and Graciela [Rios] and sales receipt; photocopy of letter to "Compañeros", from TYF, 09/30/1983; photocopy of letter to Mariano and Linda, from TYF, 09/30/1983; TYF's notes on issues concering the museum's Board of Directors; "Annotated Bibliography of Mexican Folk Art" by Beverly Herzog and Dr. Joyce Bishop, 1985; letter to TYF from the museum, re. a lecture TYF would give for the "From Inside Out..." exhibition; administrative planning documents for "From Inside Out..." and "Lo Del Corazó", including artists' applications and booklet of artists' statements for "Lo Del Corazó"; "Bibliography for the Exhibit 'Folk Art of Michcacan'" by Susan Warren-Kunkler; "Assessment of the Mexican Museum, Museum Assessment Program, American Association of Museums"; "Communal Land Paintings From Central Mexico: An Overview" by Marion Oettinger, Jr., Curator of Folk Art and Latin American Art, San Antonio Museum Association; "But Is It Folk? Defining the Field" by Joyce M. Bishop, presented at "From the Inside Out..."; typescript of essay by Jim Griffith, no title; "Notes Toward An Interpretive History of California-Mexican Music" by Manuel Peña; "From the Inside Out..." symposium program; postcard to TYF from Aurelio and Cecilia Barrera, 10/27/1987; letter to TYF from David de la Torre, Director, The Mexican Museum, 02/08/1988, re. dinner to honor TYF; bound volume, From the Inside Out... Proceedings from the conference, ed. Karana Hattersley-Drayton, Joyce Bishop, TYF, 1989; NEH grant application materials; Christmas card to TYF from Marie Acosta-Colón; slides; letter to José Montoya, from Peter Rodriguez, 11/30/1990, (cc: TYF; photocopy; grant proposals; "The Mexican Museum Long Range Work Plan," CAC Multicultural Advancement Program, circa 1993; photocopy of letter to TYF from Jonathan [Yorba], 06/05/1996; note to Jonathan [Yorba] from TYF, 06/17/1996; artist biographies by TYF, undated: Daniel Salazar and José Alfredo Mendoza Arreguín; newsletter: vol. 7 Spring 1982; vol. 8 (Summer 1983); Winter and Spring 1988; Spring/Summer 1990; Fall/Winter 1990; Fall 1991; Winter/Spring 1992; Spring/Summer 1992; Fall 1992; Winter/Spring 1993; Fall 1993; Winter 1997; Fall 1998; Spring - Fall 1999; Winter 2000 - Summer 2001)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files / Mexican Museum, continued
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1112

National Hispanic Cultural Center, Organization, Albuquerque, New Mexico (see also: Abeyta, Ray Martín; Arreguín, Alfredo; Casas, Mel; Gandert, Miguel; García, Rupert; Gronk; Mesa-Bains, Amalia; Lomas Garza, Carmen; Smithsonian Institution; Valdez, Pat...

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2000-2004
Scope and Contents note:
(exhibition announcements; catalog; invitations; brochures; press releases; fresco project information; Qué Pasa! newsletter: Apr./May/June 2000; vol. 1, issue 7 Jan./Feb./Mar. Winter 2002; vol 2, no. 2 Apr./May/June 2002; vol. 2, no. 3 July/Aug./Sept. 2002; vol. 2, no. 4 Oct./Nov./Dec. 2002; vol. 3, no. 1 Jan./Feb./Mar. 2003)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1250

A Salute to Latinas in the Arts (see also: Alicia, Juana; Castillo, Ana; Hernández, Ester; Lomas Garza, Carmen; López, Yolanda; Portillo, Lourdes)

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box 25, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993
Scope and Contents note:
(issue of the journal Contemporary Political Analysis & Left Dialogue)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1514

General

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
(see also: Amado, Jesse; Barraza, Santa; Briseño, Rolando; Casas, mel; Lomas Garza, Carmen; González, Robert; Huerta, Benito; Martínez, César; Quirarte, Jacinto; Reyes, Felipe; Treviño, Jesse; Box 30)
Container:
Box 27, Folder 35-37
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1990
Scope and Contents note:
(lists of artists; clippings; letter to TYF from Charles Richard Carlisle, Southwest Texas State University, 08/01/1980; catalogs; press release; generic letter to members of Xochil Art Institute from Xavier Gorena, 03/1982; letter to TYF from Ida Rodríguez Prampolini, 08/05/1982; letter to TYF from Ricardo Rodríguez Burgess, 08/25/1982; letter to TYF from Jaime Labastida, 08/13/1982; event and exhibition announcements; catalog, New Works By Austin Artists with inscription to TYF from Santa Barraza; catalogs: Houston Hispanic Artists: New Views, The Glassell School of Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, 1987; and Arte Entre Nosotros: Mexican American Folk Art of San Antonio, San Antonio Museum of Art and Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center, San Antonio, Texas, 1986; catalog, Tejanos: artistas Mexicano-norteamericanos, 1990, with text by Jacinto Quirarte; letter to TYF from Harwood Hinton, Editor, Texas State Historical Association Handbook of Texas; essays)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files / Texas - Arte Chicano
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1702

Oversize Posters from Lomas Garza, Carmen folders

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box 30
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988, 1990
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1823

Oversize Posters from Lomas Garza, Carmen

Collection Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Container:
Box OV 32
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985, circa 1989, undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material / Series 1: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ybartoma-ref1862

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