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Proposal for American art: The native tradition

Creator:
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
19--
Topic:
Books and reading  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10316
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10316
Online Media:

Holger Cahill letter to Jean Lipman

Creator:
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Subject:
Miller, Dorothy Canning  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1942 January 10
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10322
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10322

Holger Cahill, Washington, D.C. letter to Jean Lipman, Cannondale, Connecticut

Creator:
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Subject:
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Lipman, Jean  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1941 Jan. 5
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9977
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9977
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jean Lipman, 1973 June 19

Interviewee:
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Art in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Editors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11779
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212850
AAA_collcode_lipman73
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212850

Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848

Creator:
Lipman, Howard W., 1905-1992  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Subject:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick  Search this
Gaylor, Wood  Search this
Lipman, Jean  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Porter, Rufus  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Primitive  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9145
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211339
AAA_collcode_lipmhowa
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211339
Online Media:

Frederic Fairchild and Julia Munson Sherman papers

Topic:
Literary miscellany
Creator:
Sherman, Frederic Fairchild, 1874-1940  Search this
Sherman, Julia Munson, d. 1972  Search this
Photographer:
Waldo & Jewett (Firm: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Names:
Boardman, David Sherman  Search this
Bolton, Theodore, b. 1889  Search this
Clark, Eliot Candee, 1883-  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland), 1880-1964  Search this
Earl, Ralph, 1751-1801  Search this
Groll, Albert Lorey, 1866-1952  Search this
Gutman, Walter, 1903-1986  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Orr, Elliot, 1904-1997  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1874-1970
Scope and Contents:
Personal and business correspondence; biographical material; photographs of Elliot Orr and others, a daguerreotype of a drawing of Judge David Sherman Boardman of the Superior Court of Connecticut, 1853 by Waldo and Jewett; art work by Albert Lorey Groll, Elliot Orr, Thomas Maitland Cleland, Theodore Bolton, and others; notes; clippings and printed material; business records; correspondence regarding the Sherman's art collection; files containing writings, photographs, letters, and printed material regarding Ralph Earl, James Peale, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and other subjects of F.F. Sherman's writings and publications; manuscripts of articles written by Jean Lipman, Walter Gutman, Eliot Clark, and others; and ca. 100 books, pamphlets, catalogs and articles written, edited or published by the Shermans.
Included in the printed material are v.1-3, v.4 (nos.1 and 3) and v. 5 (no.1) of Sherman's "The Literary Miscellany," 1908-1912; "Art in America: An Illustrated Quarterly," v.1 (no.1), Jan. 1913; "Fine Art Publications" catalog, 1919-1922, 1925-1926, and 1932.
Biographical / Historical:
Art collectors, art critics, art historians, and private publishers; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1956-1972 by Julia Munson Sherman and the Munson Estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art publishing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sherfref
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sherfref

Douglas MacAgy papers

Creator:
MacAgy, Douglas, 1913-  Search this
Names:
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Murphy, Gerald, 1888-1964  Search this
Russell, Morgan, 1886-1953  Search this
Extent:
16.2 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1916-1973
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; biographical information; family memorabilia; scrapbook; subject files; photographs; writings; business and financial records; and printed material.
REEL 2423: Material regarding MacAgy's research on Gerald Murphy and Morgan Russell included as correspondence with Gerald Murphy and Jean Lipman about an article on Murphy for ART IN AMERICA, notes for and drafts of the article; and a typescript of it, GERALD MURPHY (16 pages) with 4 photos of Murphy's work. Materials regarding Russell includes: a letter to MacAgy from Henri Dorra, February 25, 1960, about documents relating to Russell; a handwritten statement by Russell about his work, 1916 (3 pages) [an edited version appears in the catalog, THE FORUM EXHIBITION OF MODERN AMERICAN PAINTERS, Anderson Galleries, 1916]; a pencil sketch with notes by Russell, ca. 1938; a photocopy of a statement by Russell about his work, 1947 (4 pages); 2 biographical essays on Russell; and a printed brochure, MORGAN RUSSELL SOME AUTHORITATIVE OPINIONS, undated.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence; photographs and slides; biographical information; family memorabilia; Elizabeth Tillett's scrapbook; subject files; writings and notes; business and financial records; and printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, administrator, museum director. Died 1973. MacAgy was chosen to revitalize the 70 year old California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco, after WWII, then he was a special consultant to the director of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, as director of research for an art dealer in New York, as director of the Dallas Museum for Contemporary Arts, and he was Director of National Exhibitions at the National Endowment for the Arts, 1968-1972.
Provenance:
Donated 1973 by Elizabeth MacAgy, widow of Douglas MacAgy.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.macadoug
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macadoug

Oral history interview with Jean Lipman

Interviewee:
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Art in America  Search this
Extent:
32 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1973 June 19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jean Lipman conducted 1973 June 19, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art. Lipman discusses her education, New York art collectors and art historians, her interest in American folk art, and her association with "Art in America," among other topics.
Biographical / Historical:
Jean Lipman (1909-1998) was an art editor and writer from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs., 7 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Editors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.lipman73
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lipman73

Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers

Creator:
Lipman, Howard, 1905-1992  Search this
Names:
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957  Search this
Huge, Jurgan Frederick, 1809-1878  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Porter, Rufus, 1792-1884  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Extent:
46.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1848, 1916-2000
Summary:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000, with one brochure maintained in a research file dating to 1848. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The papers primarily concern the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans which included modern American sculpture, American folk art, and other contemporary American paintings. Found within the papers are correspondence files, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with financial material. The collection also contains writings, notes, and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected art critic and author.
Scope and Content Note:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000. A copy of an 1848 brochure, retained by Jean Lipman in her research and writings files accounts for the early span date listed in the title of the collection. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The records include correspondence, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with some financial material that documents the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans. The collection also contains writing and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected author.

The Personal Files describe the social activities and associations of the Lipmans and include biographical information, personal and family correspondence, gift giving activities, the art career of Jean Lipman, and relationships maintained by the Lipmans with various art organizations.

The Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection Files describe the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans throughout their lifetime. The General Files section consists of reference files on art organizations and galleries with whom the Lipmans maintained relationships. Also included are particular topics or exhibitions of interest to the Lipmans. The Sculptors and Painters of Interest section served as reference files about the activities of artists in whom the Lipmans were interested and whose works they owned, or considered owning. The Folk Art Collection section documents the collecting and purchasing activities of the Lipmans as they amassed and then subsequently sold their two significant folk art collections.

The Artists Files document the friendship and projects that developed between the Lipmans and three major American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Of special interest to researchers will be some original Calder artwork mixed into the correspondence between the Lipmans and Calder, as well as drawings, sketches, prints, and posters found in the associated oversize folder. Also found in the Calder subseries are some proofs from Calder's Circus, edited by Jean Lipman.

The Research and Writing Files is divided into five sections dealing with research and writing projects undertaken by Jean Lipman. The first three sections deal with biographical projects that resulted in books or articles about three significant American primitive artists: Jurgan Frederick Huge, Rufus Porter, and Samuel Wood Gaylor. The fourth section deals with writing projects that resulted in the publication of several generalized books on the topic of American folk art. The final section consists of materials associated with the published articles and other authored works of Jean Lipman on a variety of American art topics.

The Art in America Editorial Files consists of editorial material maintained by Jean Lipman during her tenure (1941-1971) as editor of Art in America. The Financial Files reflect the early financial activities of the magazine during the brief period when the Lipmans owned it.

During the period that Jean Lipman served as editor, a variety of distinguished art historians, artists, architects, novelists, and poets contributed articles, columns, or artwork to the magazine. A sampling of correspondents that can be found in the general correspondence of this series include: Joseph Albers, Marcel DuChamp, John Dos Passos, Nelson Rockefeller, Charles Sheeler, and Andrew Wyeth. The General Correspondence Files also document the two subsequent changes of ownership and the growth of subscribers that occurred during the period of Lipman's editorship.

Editorial material related to individual magazine issues is found within this series, as well as information pertaining to the innovative advertising and special projects undertaken by the magazine as it sought to expand its readership and prestige. The Art in America series also chronicles the changes at the magazine that led to Lipman's resignation as editor in 1971.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series. Arrangement is generally alphabetical by subject heading or type of material. Items within folders are arranged chronologically by year.

Series 1: Personal Files (Boxes 1-3; 3 linear ft.)

Series 2: Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection (Boxes 3-15; 12 linear ft.)

Series 3: Artists Files (Boxes 15-18, 46-47, OV 50-52; 3.6 linear ft.)

Series 4: Research and Writings Files (Boxes 18-28, 48; OV 50, 53; 10.3 linear ft.)

Series 5: -- Art in America -- Editorial Files (Boxes 28-45; 49, OV 50; 17.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman shared a lifetime sponsorship of art. The Lipmans' personal art collection, acquired throughout their marriage, was eventually divided into three separate parts: The Howard W. Lipman Foundation collection that was donated and merged into the modern sculpture holdings of the Whitney Museum of American Art; an American folk art collection that was later sold through two separate auctions in 1950 and 1981 and is now part of the holdings of the New York Historical Association and the Museum of American Folk Art; and a personal collection that was retained and displayed in the Lipmans' various residences in Connecticut, New York, and Arizona.

Married in 1933, the Lipmans began jointly collecting American folk art at a time when few art museums or institutions recognized the historical and artistic value of early primitive, self-taught artists. By the late 1940s, the Lipmans had amassed a large, significant collection that was highly regarded for its quality and scope.

During the early 1950s, the Lipmans also began actively collecting sculpture, focusing upon American contemporary sculptors. In the late 1950s they created the Howard W. Lipman Foundation, with an initial inventory of forty sculptures and three paintings by contemporary American artists. The purpose of the foundation was to acquire significant works by emerging American sculptors and to make them available through loans or donations to various art institutions.

In 1965 the Howard W. Lipman Foundation approached the Whitney Museum of American Art with a proposal to coordinate the foundation's efforts and goals with the museum's contemporary sculpture program. The foundation offered a majority of its growing collection of sculpture and acquisition funds towards the development of the evolving permanent collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Thereafter, the Howard W. Lipman Foundation served in an advisory role to the museum's acquisitions, and the foundation supplied the necessary funds to acquire works of sculpture desired by the Whitney for its permanent collection.

In addition to their folk art and foundation collections, the Lipmans also acquired important works by Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith, through their lifelong association and friendship with these artists. Many of these pieces were retained in the Lipmans' personal collection throughout their lives.

Individually the Lipmans also expressed their interest in art through various means. Jean Lipman served as editor of Art in America magazine from 1940 to 1970, which provided her with continuous exposure to emerging artists and trends in American art. Jean Lipman's abiding interest in folk and contemporary art was also expressed through her voluminous writings. Throughout her life she wrote and edited highly acclaimed books and articles about major themes and artists in American art, and she was a recognized folk art authority and connoisseur. Some of her best known works include: The Flowering of American Folk Art; Rufus Porter, Yankee Wall Painter; and Calder's Universe.

Jean Lipman, born in 1909, was also an amateur artist in her later years, creating paintings and assemblages that often dealt with the theme of "art about art." She was represented by a gallery in New York City, as well as one in Arizona, and she had several solo exhibitions.

Howard W. Lipman, born in 1905, showed an early interest in art. By the mid 1920s he had gone to Paris to study painting, but Lipman found himself more attracted to sculpture and he began studying with a German wood carver. In the late 1930s, after returning to the New York City area, Lipman began stone carving with the Clay Club on Eighth Street, adjacent to the Whitney Museum of American Art. He was represented by a New York City gallery and participated in local exhibitions.

Deciding that his sculptural talent was not sufficient for professional pursuit, Lipman began his business career as a stockbroker in Neuberger and Berman, a prominent New York investment management firm that he helped to establish in 1939. Lipman subsequently channeled his artistic endeavors toward collecting and supporting the work of established and emerging American sculptors. He also served on the boards of both the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Archives of American Art.

Howard and Jean Lipman maintained long and close relationships with three prominent American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Jean Lipman, in particular, was involved in promoting and documenting Calder and his works through numerous articles, books, and exhibitions that she helped produce as editor of the magazine Art in America and publications director for the Whitney Museum of American Art. Calder's Universe, which she edited to accompany a major Whitney Museum of American Art retrospective exhibition of his works in 1976, was considered by Calder to be his "official" biography. The book went to fourteen printings, one of the largest ever, in the history of art books.

The Lipmans were also great admirers of Louise Nevelson and her work. They purchased her artwork for their own collection, as well as donating pieces to various art museums and institutions. Jean Lipman wrote articles about Nevelson and edited the book, Nevelson's World.

David Smith and the Lipmans established a friendship in the late 1950s that lasted until Smith's untimely death in May 1965. The Lipmans purchased several Smith sculptures, which they placed on the grounds of their Wilton, Connecticut, home. They also purchased Smith works for donation to public institutions, such as the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

The Lipmans retired to Carefree, Arizona, a private residential community renowned for its sensitivity to ecologically-based, architectural design. Howard Lipman died in 1992. Jean Lipman remained active in art and community affairs until her death in 1998.
Provenance:
The papers of Howard and Jean Lipman were initially donated to the Archives of American Art by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1965-1989. Subsequent additions to the original gift were made by Jean Lipman in 1998 and by Peter and Beverly Lipman in 2001. Several small portions of these early accessions were microfilmed.

An associated gift that was originally accessioned as the Art in America Magazine Records was made by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1970-1973. This group, which largely consisted of Jean Lipman's editorial files from her years as editor of the magazine, was subsequently merged with the Howard W. and Jean Lipman records in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Primitive  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848, 1916-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lipmhowa
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lipmhowa
Online Media:

Calder's universe / Jean Lipman ; Ruth Wolfe, editorial director

Artist:
Calder, Alexander 1898-1976  Search this
Author:
Lipman, Jean 1909-1998  Search this
Host institution:
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Subject:
Calder, Alexander 1898-1976  Search this
Physical description:
351 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Catalogs
Biographies
Place:
United States
Date:
1976
20th century
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C14 L7c
N6537.C33L56 1976X
N40.1.C14L7c
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_82848

American folk painting, by Mary Black and Jean Lipman

Author:
Black, Mary 1922-  Search this
Lipman, Jean 1909-1998-  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 244 p. illus. (part col.) 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1966
[1966]
Topic:
Portrait painting, American--History  Search this
Portrait painters  Search this
Call number:
ND1311 .B62
ND205 .B62
ND1311.B62
ND205.B62
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_9093

The flowering of American folk art, 1776-1876 [by] Jean Lipman and Alice Winchester

Author:
Lipman, Jean 1909-1998-  Search this
Winchester, Alice  Search this
Physical description:
288 p. illus. (part col.) 29 x 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1974
[1974]
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Primitivism in art  Search this
Call number:
NK806 .L52 1974
NK806 .L52 1974X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_40715

American folk art in wood, metal and stone. 183 illus., 4 color plates

Author:
Lipman, Jean 1909-1998  Search this
Physical description:
193 pages illustrations (some color) 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1948
[1948]
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Call number:
NK805 .L76
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_50523

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