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Mildred Constantine Papers

Creator:
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Names:
Cleveland Museum of Art  Search this
Getty Conservation Institute  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) -- Employees  Search this
Museum of New Mexico  Search this
Ohio State University  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design  Search this
Abakanowicz, Magdalena  Search this
Albers, Anni  Search this
Barr, Alfred Hamilton, 1902-  Search this
Barragán, Luis, 1902-  Search this
Block, Lou, 1895-1969  Search this
Bourgeois, Louise, 1911-2010  Search this
Buic, Jagoda, 1930-  Search this
Burle Marx, Roberto, 1909-1994  Search this
Cohen, Elaine Lustig, 1927-  Search this
Coiner, Charles T., 1897-  Search this
Corzo, Miguel Angel  Search this
D'Harnoncourt, Anne, 1943-2008  Search this
Danto, Arthur Coleman, 1924-  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy, 1901-1994  Search this
Fitch, James Marston  Search this
Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-  Search this
Hart, Allen M., 1925-  Search this
Hicks, Sheila, 1934-  Search this
Koch, Richard H., d. 2009  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Lionni, Leo, 1910-  Search this
Reeves, Ruth, 1892-1966  Search this
Reuter, Laurel  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969 -- Photographs  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Ten Haeff, Ingeborg, 1915-  Search this
Vignelli, Massimo  Search this
Weisman, Donald M.  Search this
Wilder, Elizabeth, 1908-  Search this
Wilke, Ulfert, 1907-1987  Search this
Zeisler, Claire, 1903-1991  Search this
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Transcripts
Video recordings
Interviews
Date:
1945-2008
Summary:
The papers of Mildred Constantine measure 5.3 linear feet and are dated 1945-2009. Subject files, writings, photographs, and a scrapbook provide an overview of her curatorial work in the Architecture and Design department of the Museum of Modern Art, and subsequent activities as an independent curator, and art consultant. Especially well documented is Whole Cloth, a book written with Laurel Reuter that presents an historical overview of how artists have used cloth in their work.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Mildred Constantine measure 5.3 linear feet and are dated 1945-2008. Subject files, writings, photographs, and a scrapbook provide an overview of her curatorial work in the Architecture and Design department of the Museum of Modern Art, and subsequent activities as an independent curator, and art consultant. Especially well documented is the book Whole Cloth that she wrote with Laurel Reuter.

Correspondence, though mostly business related, often touches on personal matters since many of the artists and art world figures with whom she corresponded were also friends. Correspondents include Miguel Angel Corzo, Arthur C. Danto, Dorothy Dehner, Allen Hart (who sent more than 40 illustrated letters), Elizabeth Wilder and Donald L. Weisman. She also corresponded with many art institutions and organizations, among them the Cleveland Museum of Art, Independent International Design Conference, El Museo del Barrio, Museum of New Mexico, Ohio State University, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Estate of David Smith.

Subject files reflect Constantine's activities and interests. A large portion of this series concerns Whole Cloth, a book written with Laurel Reuter that presents an historical look at how artists have used cloth in their work. Correspondence between the two authors, with artists, institutions, and others concerns researching and writing the volume. Also documented are the successes and failures of Constantine's decade long pursuit to publish the book. Other substantive files relate to the Cleveland Museum of Art, Getty Conservation Institute, Sheila Hicks, Jack Lenor Larsen, Rhode Island School of Design, and Soviet Film Posters. Files concerning the University of the Arts' 2003 Commencement include a videocassette.

Writings by Constantine are lecture material and notes. Also found are transcripts of interviews with Constantine and writings by others. Printed material includes newspaper and magazine articles about Constantine and her career. A scrapbook of printed material and photographs documents an exhibition of Latin American posters at the Library of Congress organized by Constantine.

Photographs of people include Mildred Constantine with family, friends, artists and others at public and private events around the world. Notable photographs include: Magdalena Abakanowicz, Anni Albers, Alfred Barr, Luis Barragan, Lou Block, Louise Bourgeois, Jagoda Buic, Elaine Lustig Cohen, Charles Coiner, James Marston Fitch, Mathias Goeritz, Ingeborg Ten Haeff, Ann d'Harnoncourt, Sheila Hicks, Richard Koch, Nancy Koenigsberg, Jack Lenor Larsen, Leo Lionni, Roberto Burle Marx, Ruth Reeves, Laurel Reuter, Eleanor Roosevelt, Ben Shahn, Massimo Vignelli, Ulfert Wilke, and Claire Zeisler. Also, there are photographs of artwork by a wide range of artists.
Arrangement:
The Mildred Constantine papers are organized into 8 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1947-1997 (Boxes 1, 6; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1964-2008 (Boxes 1, 6; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1964-2008 (Boxes 2-5; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings, 1991-2008 (Box 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1961-2006 (Box 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1993 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1945 (Box 5; 1 folder)

Series 8: Scrapbook, circa 1940s (Box 6; 0.1 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Curator and writer Mildred Constantine (1913-2008) was associated with the Museum of Modern Art's Department of Architecture and Design from 1943 to 1971. She then became an art consultant and independent curator, and wrote on fiber and textiles, decorative arts, photography, caricature and cartoons.

Mildred Constantine (known as "Connie") began her career at College Art Association. Hired as a stenographer in 1930, she soon was promoted to editorial assistant for Parnassus, the forerunner of Art Journal.

Constantine left the College Art Association in 1937 to study at New York University and earned BA and MA degrees. She then continued her education at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. In 1940, Constantine worked in the Office of Inter-American Affairs at the Library of Congress; it was there that she met René d'Harnoncourt.

Influenced by her 1936 travels in Mexico, Constantine's first curatorial effort was an exhibition of Latin American posters. Drawn from the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, the exhibition was held at the Library of Congress.

At the urging of René d'Harnoncourt, The Museum of Modern Art's Architecture and Design Department hired Constantine in 1943. The majority of her 28 year tenure at the museum was spent working with the department's founder, architect Philip Johnson. As a curator during the 1950s and 1960s, Constantine's innovative exhibitions brought lesser known portions of the museum's collection to public attention. Among her exhibtions were: "Words and Images," that focused on graphic design and posters; "Polio Posters," the first Museum of Modern Art show dedicated to social issues; "Olivetti: Design in Industry;" "Signs in the Street;" and "Lettering by Hand." She also published books on Art Nouveau, contemporary package design, and other subjects.

In 1971, Constantine left the Museum of Modern Art to become an independent curator and art consultant. Exhibitions included "Frontiers in Fiber: The Americans," and "Small Works in Fiber" with Jack Lenor Larsen. Tina Modotti: A Fragile Life, Constantine's book on the photographer, actress, model, and political activist, appeared in 1974. That same year, she and Alan Fern produced Revolutionary Soviet Film Posters that focused on works from the 1920s. Her last published work, Whole Cloth, was written with Laurel Reuter and published in 1997. Constantine continued to research and write, and at the time of her death was working on a large, international survey of the study of thread.

Mildred Constantine and Ralph W. Bettelheim (1909-1993) were married for 50 years. They had two daughters, Judith and Vicki.

Mildred Constantine died from heart failure on December 10, 2008, at home in Nyack, New York.
Related Material:
Oral history interviews with Mildred Constantine were conducted for the Archives of American Art by Harlan Phillips, 1965 October 15, and by Paul Cummings, 1976 May 3-1976 August 26.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives in 2009 by Mildred Constantine's daughters, Judith Bettelheim and Vicki McDaniel.
Restrictions:
Use of origininal material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art consultants -- New York -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Textile fabrics in art  Search this
Film posters, Russian  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Transcripts
Video recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Mildred Constantine papers, 1945-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.consmild
See more items in:
Mildred Constantine Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-consmild
Online Media:

Scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Linear feet (Box 6)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940s
Scope and Contents note:
The scrapbook contains printed material and photographs that document an exhibition of Latin American posters at the Library of Congress organized by Constantine.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of origininal material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Mildred Constantine papers, 1945-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.consmild, Series 8
See more items in:
Mildred Constantine Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consmild-ref140

Montgomery C. Meigs Papers

Creator:
Meigs, Montgomery C., 1816-1892  Search this
Photographer:
Russell, Andrew J., 1829-1902  Search this
Names:
Pension Building  Search this
Post Office Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Extent:
12.5 Cubic feet (27 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Albums
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
Georgia
West Point (N.Y.)
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1870 - 1890
Summary:
The collection documents Mongomery C. Meigs, an Army officer, engineer, architect, and scientist. Meigs's papers include scrapbooks and photographs relating primarily to his work on the Pension Building and the Washington Aqueduct in Washington, D.C. but also his interest in politics, military affairs, construction, Native Americans, inventions, real estate, and financial matters.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents, Mongomery C. Meigs, an Army officer, engineer, architect, and scientist. Meigs's papers include scrapbooks and photographs relating primarily to his work on the Pension Building in Washington, D.C., an extension to the Post Office Building, the Washington Aqueduct, Cabin John Bridge, and the dome of the United States Capitol. The scrapbooks reflect Meigs's interests in politics, military affairs, construction, Native Americans, inventions and technology, real estate, and financial matters.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Scrapbooks, 1870-1890

Series 2, Photographs, 1850-1885
Biographical / Historical:
1816, May 3, Born, Augusta, Georgia

1832, Entered United States Military Academy, West Point, New York

1837, Second lieutenant, Corps of Engineers. Surveyed Upper Mississippi River

1838, Survey engineering work, Delaware River

1839, Duty at army headquarters, Washington, D.C.

1841, Married Louisa Rodgers (died 1879)

1843-1852, Stationed in Detroit, Michigan, until return to permanent duty in Washington, D.C.

1852, Supervised construction of the Washington aqueduct for Great Falls, Virginia and various United States Capitol improvements, including a new and larger dome

1861, June Appointed Quartermaster General, United States Army

1865, April 15, Present at the death of Abraham Lincoln

1867, Postwar illness and trip to Europe

1882, Retired from the United States Army. Began engineering work on the Pension Office Building, Washington, D.C.

1892, January 2, Died, Washington, D.C.

*Biographical Chronology courtesy the Library of Congress, Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, 1799-1892 (bulk 1849-1892)
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

William R. Hutton Papers (AC0987)

Materials at the National Museum of American History

Several curatorial divisions hold material culture related to Montgomery C. Meigs and include

Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life)

Armed Forces History (Division of Political and Military History)

Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life)

Division of Medicine and Science

Division of Work and Industry

Materials at Other Organizations

Library of Congress, Manuscript Division

Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, 1799-1892 (bulk 1849-1892)

Army officer, engineer, architect, and scientist. Correspondence, diaries and journals, notebooks, family papers, military papers, drawings and plans, scrapbooks, and other papers relating primarily to Meigs's work in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, his service as Quartermaster General during the Civil War, and family matters.
Provenance:
Parts of the collection were donated by Dr. Paul L. Smith on January 8, 1971 and Mr. and Mrs. Mayo S. Stuntz on March 8, 1974. Other sources are unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Architecture -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Civil engineering  Search this
Architects  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Reservoirs -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Water-supply  Search this
Washington Aqueduct  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Hydraulic structures  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings -- 19th century
Albums
Clippings -- 1850-1900
Photographs -- 19th century
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0984
See more items in:
Montgomery C. Meigs Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0984
Online Media:

Maps showing explorers' routes, trails & early roads in the United States; an annotated list. Compiled by Richard S. Ladd

Author:
Library of Congress Map Division  Search this
Ladd, Richard S (Richard Stockwell) 1899-  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 137 p. fold. col. map. 27 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Place:
United States
Date:
1962
Topic:
Roads--Maps  Search this
Trails--Maps  Search this
Call number:
Z6027.U5 U55m 1962
Z6027.U5U55m 1962
Z6027.U5U58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_51491

Civil War maps; an annotated list of maps and atlases in map collections of the Library of Congress, compiled by Richard W. Stephenson

Author:
Library of Congress Map Division  Search this
Stephenson, Richard W. 1930-  Search this
Physical description:
v, 138 p. map ( on cover) 26 cm
Type:
Books
Bibliography
Place:
United States
Date:
1961
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
History  Search this
Maps  Search this
Call number:
Z6027.U5 U55 1961
Z6027.U5U55 1961
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_58253

A descriptive list of treasure maps and charts, [in the Library of Congress] compiled by Richard S. Ladd

Author:
Library of Congress Map Division  Search this
Ladd, Richard S (Richard Stockwell) 1899-  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 29 p. 27 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Date:
1964
Topic:
Treasure troves--Maps  Search this
Call number:
Z6026.T86 U55 1964
Z6026.T86U55 1964
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_60260

Poland / First to Fight

Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (1/2 size; Multi-color, 73.5 x 50 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 326
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
Poland
Date:
1939
Image:
Main Image: Tattered Polish flag
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 2598
General:
Artist(s): Marek Zulawski
Note:
Cited in Elena Millie & Zbigniew Kantorosinski [?], The Polish Poster: From Yound Poland Through The Second World War, (Wash., D.C. Library of Congress, 1993), item 124.
Printing Info:
Property of Princeton University Library Received Feb 3 1994
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Morale and propaganda  Search this
Propaganda  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / Poland
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14598

ARMIA POLSKA WE FRANCJI POLISH ARMY in FRANCE CENTRUM REKRUTACYJNE RECRUITING CENTRE

Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (Full size; Multi-color, 90.5 x 67.5 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 346
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Date:
1943
Image:
Main Image: Polish soldier with rifle moving across battlefied [[battlefield]]. Soldier holding Polish flag of a crowned bird in background
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 2780
General:
Artist(s): Wladslaw Theodore Benda
Note:
Cited in Elena Millie & Zbigniew Kantorosinski, The Polish Poster: From Young Persons Through the Second World War (Wash., D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993) Item 105.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Recruiting and enlistment  Search this
Ethnic groups  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14628

Library of Congress (Washington, DC)

Series Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Container:
Box 166, Folder 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref2821

Fredericksburg -- Chatham

Former owner:
Jones, Churchill  Search this
Bailey, Fleming G.  Search this
Bailey, Elizabeth H.  Search this
Mays, Albert O.  Search this
Pratt, John Lee  Search this
Sullivan, Mark  Search this
Devore, Daniel Bradford  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Owners:
United States. National Park Service  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Chatham (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- City of Fredericksburg -- Fredericksburg
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies from other publications.
General:
Chatham, a Federal style mansion with numerous outbuildings, was built by William and Anne Randolph Fitzhugh from 1768 to 1771. William Fitzhugh (1742-ca. 1790) was a prominent citizen of colonial Virginia, member of the House of Burgesses, the House of Delegates, and the Continental Congress. The house is set on a hill overlooking the Rappahannock River and the historic town of Fredericksburg. More than 1,200 acres surrounded the house and were farmed by slaves. The property was named for the Earl of Chatham and the house and gardens were English in style. The garden was laid out in terraces leading to the river with a broad Adams style (neoclassical) stairway leading from the house. The original ornamental gardens did not survive occupation by the Union army during the Civil War, but were restored to emulate the style of their original 18th century design in ca. 1924 by landscape architect Ellen Biddle Shipman when the property was owned by Colonel and Mrs. Daniel B. Devore. Garden features at this time included a terracotta statue of Diana, box edged parterres, extensive rose gardens, Virginia red cedars used as borders, and eight bird gardens with birdhouses and runs for pheasants or peacocks.
The gardens designed by Ellen Biddle Shipman ca. 1924 included extensive flower beds planted for successive display throughout the growing season, beginning with snowdrops and daffodils, and ending with chrysanthemums. There were box-edged beds of Darwin tulips, iris, phlox, delphinium, Madonna lilies, and many other species. There were clipped cedar hedges, an avenue of dogwood, espaliered fruit trees, and painted brick piers with Ionic capitals planted with roses.
Much of Shipman's garden was discontinued in the 1950s during the ownership of John Lee Pratt, although the rose garden and boxed parterres were maintained. Further restoration of the Colonial-era gardens has been carried out since the property was deeded to the National Park Service in 1975. The Garden Club of Virginia funded a fellowship to document the garden in 2006.
William Fitzhugh and descendants owned the property from 1768 to 1806. Major Churchill Jones and descendants owned Chatham from 1806 to 1872, although the family left during the Civil War ca. 1862-1865 while the house was used as headquarters and hospital by the Union army. Oliver Watson and family owned Chatham from 1872 to 1889. Chatham was owned by Albert O. Mays from 1889 to 1900. Fleming G. and Elizabeth H. Bailey were the owners from 1900 to 1909. The Howard and Smith families owned the property from 1909 to 1914. Chatham was purchased by Mark Sullivan in 1914 and sold to Colonel and Mrs. Daniel Bradford Devore in 1920, who then sold in 1931 to John Lee Pratt, who willed Chatham to the National Park Service in 1975. It is now included in the Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park and is open to the public.
Persons associated with the garden include William Fitzhugh and descendants (former owners, 1768-1806), Major Churchill Jones and descendants (former owners, 1806-1872), Oliver Watson and family (former owners, 1872-1889), Albert O. Mays (former owner, 1889-1900), Fleming G. and Elizabeth H. Bailey (formers owners, 1900-1909), Howard and Smith families (former owners, 1909-1914), Mark Sullivan (former owner, 1914-1920), Colonel and Mrs. Daniel Bradford Devore (former owners, 1920-1931), John Lee Pratt (former owner, 1931-1975), National Park Service (owner, 1975-present) and Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, redesigned and replanted Chatham in ca. 1924).
Related Materials:
Chatham related holdings consist of 1 folder (6 glass lantern slides)
Additional photographs are also located in the Francis Benjamin Johnston Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
Additional materials also located in the National Park Service Preliminary Historic Resource Study.
See others in:
Chatham, ca. 1930s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Fredericksburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA037
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18823

Williamsburg -- Governor's Palace

Owner:
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation  Search this
Creator:
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation  Search this
Designer:
Spotswood, Alexander, 1676-1740  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shurcliff, Arthur A. (Arthur Asahel), 1870-1957  Search this
Hopkins, Alden  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Governor's Palace (Williamsburg, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- City of Williamsburg -- Williamsburg
Scope and Contents:
Folders include work sheets, brochures, garden map, and copies of articles.
General:
The first Governor's Palace and gardens were designed by Alexander Spotswood and built between 1708 and 1720. It served as the Governor's home until the Revolutionary War, when it became a military hospital. In 1781, the mansion was destroyed by fire. During the 1930's, the Palace was reconstructed. Arthur Shurcliff (Shurtleff) designed the gardens based on Spotswood's designs of the early 1700s. He based the gardens on English design with a combination of French and Dutch influences, using both "exotics" and native Virginia plants. The gardens, which include a ballroom garden, holly maze, and kitchen garden, are open to the public.
Persons associated with the property include: Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood (designer, 1708-1720); Perry, Shaw and Hepburn (designers, 1931-1934); Arthur Shurtleff (landscape architect, 1930's); Alden Hopkins (landscape architect); and Colonial Williamsburg Foundation (owner).
Related Materials:
Governor's Palace related holdings consist of 3 folders (38 35 mm. slides, 6 photoprints and 12 glass lantern slides)
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland Collection, 1900-1961
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Williamsburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18926

Charlottesville -- Redlands

Creator:
Carter, Edward  Search this
Former owner:
Carter, Robert, d. 1809  Search this
Carter, Mary Eliza Coles  Search this
Carter, Sally Randolph  Search this
Carter, Margaret Smith  Search this
Carter, Robert Smith  Search this
Carter, Robert Hill, d.1884  Search this
Carter, Burr Noland  Search this
Carter, Robert Hill, d.1884  Search this
Provenance:
Albemarle Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Redlands (Albemarle County, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Albemarle County
Scope and Contents:
There are 3 folders and 3 glass lantern slides and 14 digital images (2018).
General:
The two-story red brick colonial style house was built ca.1789 to ca.1809, by Robert Carter (d. 1809) whose father was John Carter. The garden was designed by Robert Carter and his wife, Mary Eliza Coles of Enniscorthy, in 1798. The house overlooks the Hardware River. The garden was laid out in squares with boxwood planted at the corners, and with broad grass walks between them. Those closest to the house were planted in flowers while the lower beds were planted in vegetables. Some flower beds were laid out to depict the Maltese cross, the insignia of the Order of Masons, which was a common practice among Masons in the 18th century. A lilac hedge screened the garden from the lawn surrounding the house. There were long flower borders on either side of the main path that led from the house.
Some of the varieties of flowers and shrubs in the garden were: cowslips, hyacinths, jonquils, white narcissi, butter and eggs, violets, peonies, bleeding hearts, Madonna lilies, chrysanthemums, four o'clocks, Jacob's ladder, larkspur, Star of Bethlehem, lily of the valley, and roses. Also mock orange, snowball, smoke tree, flowering almond, southern yellow Jessamine, fruit trees and yucca (the leaves of which were used like twine) and iris.
Persons associated with the garden include members of the Carter family: Robert Carter and Mary Eliza Coles Carter (former owner, ca.1789-1830), Robert Hill Carter (former owner, 1830-1884), Margaret Smith Carter (former owner, 1884-1894), Robert Smith Carter (former owner, 1894-1899), Miss Mary Coles Carter and Miss Sally Randolph Carter (former owners, 1899-?), Dr. Burr Noland Carter (former owner, n.d.) and Robert Hill Carter (former owner, 1944-).
Related Materials:
See also the Eleanor Weller Collection for three images. The Library of Congress also has historic images of Redlands by Frances Benjamin Johnston.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Albemarle County  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA047
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18943

[Brandon]

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "8."
Historic plate caption: "Brandon."
Photographer attribution based on Library of Congress online catalog record for the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection.
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA-2366.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Balconies  Search this
Houses  Search this
Hand-railing  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA010004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA010: Burrowsville -- Brandon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19028

[Brandon]

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "9."
Historic plate caption: "Brandon."
Photographer attribution based on Library of Congress online catalog record for the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection.
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA-2382.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Flowering trees  Search this
Garden houses  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA010005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA010: Burrowsville -- Brandon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19029

[Brandon]

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "10."
Historic plate caption: "Brandon."
Photographer attribution based on Library of Congress online catalog record for the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection.
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA- 2380.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Ivy  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA010006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA010: Burrowsville -- Brandon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19030

[Brandon]

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "13."
Historic plate caption: "Brandon; Prince George Co."
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA- 2383 [P&P].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Columns  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA010007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA010: Burrowsville -- Brandon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19031

[Brandon]

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Virginia -- Burrowsville
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "10 A."
Historic plate caption: "Brandon."
Photographer attribution based on Library of Congress online catalog record for the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection.
Related Materials:
Glass lantern slide of same image is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J717-X110-48.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Urns  Search this
Trees  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA010016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA010: Burrowsville -- Brandon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19040

[Westover]

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Virginia -- Charles City
Westover (Charles City, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Charles City County -- Charles City
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
No 35 mm slide.
Historic plate number: "14."
Historic plate caption: "Westover."
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA-1594.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Wrought-iron  Search this
Fences  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Trees  Search this
Evergreens  Search this
Gates  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charles City  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA013020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA013: Charles City -- Westover
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19085

[Westover]: tomb of William Byrd.

Colorist:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Virginia -- Charles City
Westover (Charles City, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Charles City County -- Charles City
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
No 35 mm slide.
Historic plate number: "17A."
Historic plate caption: "Westover."
Related Materials:
Negative is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA-1596.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Box  Search this
Monuments  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Trees  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charles City  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA013021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA013: Charles City -- Westover
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19086

[Shirley Plantation]: walkway and flower beds.

Photographer:
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Shirley Plantation (Charles City, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Charles City County -- Charles City
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "20."
Historic plate caption: "Shirley."
Photographer attribution based on Library of Congress online catalog record for the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection.
Related Materials:
Glass lantern slide of same image is located at the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South. See LC-J7-VA-1560.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Walkways  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Trees  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charles City  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA012011
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA012: Charles City -- Shirley Plantation
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19105

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