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Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d8456fbe-98f6-4159-bd2f-c485379b84a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Online Media:

Records of Samarra Expeditions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Dietrich Reimer Verlag (Berlin, Germany)  Search this
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
186 Items (Field notes: drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals (accounts), publications, articles, clippings, rubbings.)
Type:
Archival materials
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1906-1945
Scope and Contents:
The material from the excavations at Samarra, except for the photographs mounted in Photo Files 19--3, and drawings which are in Series 5: Drawings.
"Two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913 mark the beginning of large-scale archaeological research on Islamic antiquities. During this time, Herzfeld was supported for brief periods by the swiss architect Samuel Guyer, Commander von Ludloff, various technical assistants, and finally Friedrich Sarre, who was the director of the Islamic department at the museum and initiator of the expedition. For most of the time, however, all tasks that today would be divided among a team of archaeologists rested solely on Herzfeld's shoulders: coordinating hundreds of workmen at various sites, measuring buildings, drawing architecture and objects, and cataloging finds, but also negociating with local authorities who were often uncooperative. Still working at a time when the success of a venture such as the Samarra expedition was measured by its spectacular finds in both architecture and precious objects, the immense responsibility for bringing this expedition through the unexplored territories of Islamic archaeology to a successful conclusion presented an enormous physical and psychological challenge. In an effort that from the perspective of modern archaeology must be called Herculean, he excavated and examined nineteen sites [Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil, Congregational Mosque of Madinat al-Mutawakkiliyya, Shiite Shrine Complex, Qubbat al-Ṣulaibiyya; palaces of Balkuwārā, Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the Qaṣr al-ʿĀshiq; the Cemetery at Shabbat al-Hawā; Mausoleum of Imām al-Dūr; Tall al-ʿAlīq; Ḥarba Bridge and finally the residential architecture at al-Quraina, al-Qāṭūn, al-Jubairiyya, and west of Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the baths] and collected a stupendous corpus of material, one that in many respects still forms the foundation for our knowledge of the city of Samarra and ʼAbbāsid art in the 3rd/9th centuries. What is astonishing is that Herzfeld himself considered his achievements during the first campaign in Samarra to be merely a dress rehearsal for the more ambitious second campaign which focused on the Dār al-Khilāfa." [Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, 2003. Preface, p.IX."]
Arrangement:
135 units of original materials; numbered subseries, kept in the order in which they arrived, and housed in document boxes.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 07
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, Thomas Leisten's publication, "Excavation of Samarra, vol 1," and Alastair Northedge's publication, "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Field notes related primarly to the two campaigns of excavation at Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Papyrus  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
History  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 7
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3580e42ce-5d00-4c2c-85db-fcaa3aa760e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10431

Photographic Files

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
3609 Cyanotypes (photographic prints) (b&w, 16 cm. x 21.7 cm)
343 Copy prints (b&w)
3,890 Glass plate negatives (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm)
42 Lantern slides (color, 10 cm. x 15 cm)
8,541 Photographic prints (b&w, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Cyanotypes (photographic prints)
Copy prints
Glass plate negatives
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1947
Scope and Contents:
The prints are from three sources: (1) those from glass negatives; (2) those from cut film; and (3) those for which there are no negatives.

The Archive contains Herzfeld's glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850. Of most of these he had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories--i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.--irrespective of the number on the negative. These formed the nucleus for the preparation of the Photo Files. The 16 binders of blueprints have been replaced by Photo Files, Nos. 1--6. The prints in each File are arranged in the same order as the blueprints; and the number of the negative is enclosed in parentheses. Following a brief identification, is a reference to the place where the print has been published, if that is the case and such publication has been located.

In addition to the blueprint binders there were three Albums - Photo Files 25 (Sasanian buildings), 27 (Parthian and Sasanian sculptures) and 28 (Pre-Achaemenian monuments and Pasargadae)--in which Herzfeld had arranged prints in a sequence for study or publication purposes. The order in those Photo Files retains that in the Albums.

In addition to the glass negatives, there is an even larger number of cut films. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film--sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects. Some prints to these negative were identified on the back or could be identified from other prints; but in many instances, especially of landscapes, it has not been possible to place them, except in general categories.

Prints from the cut films have been organized, so far as feasible, in groups of related material and placed in the Photo Files of similar subject matter. The negative number appears in the Photo File. Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources for study purposes. Of those there are no negatives, So far as possible, the prints have been identified and placed in the appropriate Photo File.

The Samarra material, Photo Files 19--23, is in a special category. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. The only identification was written on the backs of the prints, glued to the pages of the Albums. These notations have been transferred to the captions in the Photo Files. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of Samarra which was never prepared. The drawings for such a publication are in this collection.

With such a large number of prints, especially in view of the fact that some were arranged in different fashions for different purposes, it is inevitable that there should be some duplication and that related material may be found in several Photo Files. The only way a user can be sure he has not missed material concerning his particular interest is to examine the Photo File Lists where every print is recorded. Inasmuch as scholars study the same monument from different points of view, the fact that a photograph has been published in one context does not diminish its value in another context.

Note: Photo Files 35--42 consist of Oriental Institute prints of which the negatives are in Chicago. The prints may be published only with the written permission of the Oriental Institute.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files," which is composed of b&w glass negatives, color lantern slides, b&w photographic prints (both modern and original), b&w cyanotypes, large format b&w films, and b&w duplicate prints (both modern and original), iwas originally organized into three subseries, the glass n and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives (FSA A.6 04.GN.0001- to FSA A.6 04.GN.5075), which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,066, without any apparent organization. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories&#x2014i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.&#x2014irrespective of the number on the negative.
In addition to the glass negatives and blueprints, there are a series of 16 binders made of photographic prints (Photo Files, Nos. 1-16) and three albums (Photo Files, Nos. 25, 27, and 28). As well, approximately 1,069 photographic prints, which have no negatives, arranged in Photo Files 19-23, are in a special category. In File 19, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. In File 20, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.2: Die Keramik von Samarra von F. Sarre, supplemented by unpublished photos of ceramics. In the same file, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.6: Die Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. In File 21, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.3: Die Malereien von Samarra. At the end of the file, there are unpublished photographs. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of the palaces, mosques and private houses of Samarra which was never prepared. The only identification, written on the backs of the prints which were glued to the Album page, had a first number in red crayon used in the captions as the negative number. In some cases, an additional number is given in blue crayon, possibly indicating a revision of the list or an alternative negative. The encircled number on the margin gives the position in the Album.
In addition to the glass negatives and the Photo Files, there is an even larger number of cut films and a package of duplicate prints which are, for the most part, unpublished. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film&#x2014sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects.
Arrangement:
- Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,075, originally stored in 80 wooden boxes of approximately 50 photographs each, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
- Prints are organized in sequential number following publication series, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra." They are arranged in photo file folders which are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 4
General:
Titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications and on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3589ce572-a594-42bf-99d6-d59bb6c660db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10847

Tehran, Herzfeld's house, ca.1929. In his library

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 182
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 970.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.10: Photo File 10: "Persian Architecture and Landscapes" / 4.10.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38b4fdcce-36cd-4329-a036-2794af86c41a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref15290

Tehran, Herzfeld's house, ca.1929. Library

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 183
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 8343.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.10: Photo File 10: "Persian Architecture and Landscapes" / 4.10.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3568f51cd-3366-432b-9ef0-2dc5fc4d335e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref15292

Damascus. Great Mosque, old library in courtyard

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 8–2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.16: Photo File 16: "Syrian Architecture" / 4.16.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f4f14bc4-a4fb-422c-b110-1aec0b7b3a69
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref19524

Damascus. Baibars library, ca.1250

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 37–2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.16: Photo File 16: "Syrian Architecture" / 4.16.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38cbee234-96f3-48df-b9a6-126db1ad4b91
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref19576

Isfahan, Chehel Sutun. Library doorway. Photo, Profelt

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 99
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.24: Photo File 24: Misc. Monuments in Iran, Afghanistan, Samarcand
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc30c8709e6-d1a9-44c7-b36f-91dcf7ff331c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref20390

Folio Illustration from the Sarre Qazwini (reversed image): The Sea of Zanzibar, Saksar Island, The Soft-Legged People (FGA 54.64V)

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Scope and Contents:
- Additional information from Finding Aid reads, "Subseries 4.13: Photo File 13 (3 vols.) "Miscellaneous, Shah's Museum and related objects," Subseries 4.13.3: Vol. 3, Image No. 23 (Negative Number: 5005): Qazwīnī Manuscript, 14th c., Jīnni attacking man. Sarre Collection."
- Additional information from Julie Badiee's dissertation reads, "The Sarre Qazwīnī. This copy of the cosmography is presently divided between the Freer Gallery of Art and the New York Public Library. The manuscript lacks a colophon, and its miniatures, which are executed in a fine though hybrid style, have been the subject of considerable scholarly debate. Friedrich Sarre was the first to publish the manuscript. In an article appearing in 1907 which discussed the illustrations of the seven planets, he considered the work to be probably fifteenth century. Later he assigned it to Iran. [...]. When the manuscript appeared in the Burlington House Exhibition of 1931 its archaic character was recognized and it became known as a manuscript of the "Mesopotamian style." The most recent research has led to the latest consensus, which places the manuscript in Jalayirid Iraq." [Julie Badiee, "An Islamic Cosmography: The Illustrations of the Sarre Qazwīnī," The University of Michigan, 1978]
Arrangement:
Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,066, without any apparent organization, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.6 04.GN.5005
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
manuscripts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.GN.5005
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39113f5bb-73ce-4111-a94d-cab5d565d366
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29863

Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Transcription of Various Arabic Inscriptions, Part 2 (N-109)

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Notebook (20.5 cm. x 10.4 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Hamadān (Iran)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Qum (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Tehran (Iran)
Date:
1904-1946
Scope and Contents:
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Arabische Inschriften II."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 1 reads, "Peshawar Museum, Kufic, 482 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 2 reads, "Bombay Museum, Kufic on sarcophagus (Koranic)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 3 and 4 reads, "Mil-i Qasimabad, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 5 to 7 reads, "Khargird. Ghiyathiyya, 3 Arabic inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 8 and 8a reads, "Khargird. Nizamiyya, 2 Kufic inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 9 reads, "Mil-i Radkan, Kufic, 608 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 10 to 12b reads, "Tus, 4 tombstones in the Haruniyya and 2 in Mashhad."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 13 to 15 reads, "Sangbast, minaret, tile mosaic and painted inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 16 to 18 reads, "Nishapur. Muhammad Makhruk, building and door inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 19 reads, "Nishapur. Shaikh 'Attar, excerpts from tombstone inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 19a reads, "Potsherds from Nishapur and Bistam."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 20 and 21 reads, "Khosrogird, minaret inscriptions, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 22 reads, "Paqaleh (near Mehr (Revand)), Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 23 and 24 reads, "Miyandasht, caravansarai of 'Abbas II (restored), 3 inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 25 and 26 reads, "Bistam. Minaret, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 27 reads, "Bistan. Iwan between 1st and 2nd courts of Mashhad (Shrine)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 28 and 28a reads, "Bistam. 30-cornered tomb tower, inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 29 reads, "Bistan. Mosque of Bayazid, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 30 and 31 reads, "Bistan. Kufic on door and masters' inscriptions."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 32 and 32a reads, "Mil-i Radkan. Kufic cornice inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 33 reads, "Mil-i Radkan. Remains of Kufic door inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 34 reads, "Mil-i Radkan. Pahlavi inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 35 reads, "Damghan. Pir 'Alamdar, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 36 reads, "Damghan. Pir 'Alamdar, fragment Kufic door-post inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 37 reads, "Damghan. Minaret, Chehelsutun, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 38 reads, "Damghan. Minaret, Cheheldukhtaran, Kufic door inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 39 reads, "Damghan. Cheheldukhtaran, building inscription, 446 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 40 reads, "Damghan. Minaret, Masjid-i Jami', upper Kufic inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 41 reads, "Damghan. Minaret, Masjid-i Jami', lower inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 42 and 43 reads, "Damghan. Remains of Naskhi inscription, mosque of Khubadanda."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 44 reads, "Damghan. Turbe in courtyard of Imamzadeh Ja'far, Shahrukh inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 45 reads, "Simnan. Minaret of Masjid-i Jum'a. Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 46 reads, "Simnan. Gr. Iwan, Masjid-i Jum'a, 828 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 47 reads, "Damghan, Pir "Alamdar, painted Kufic inscription."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 48 reads, "Tow forged inscriptions on printed silks from Rayy."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 49 reads, "Floral Kufic inscription on bronze object."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 50 reads, "Tehran, Library of Palace. Illuminated Shahnama, prose Arabic introduction, 833 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 51 reads, "Tehran, Library of Palace. Further notes on manuscripts and miniatures."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 52 reads, "Kabul. Notes on 2-vol. Kufic Koran, parchment."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 53 reads, "Kabul. Notes on 1-vol. Kufic Koran, parchment."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 54 reads, "Kabul. Small Kufic Koran, paper."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 55 reads, "Nizamabad, Kufic graffito. Twenty-seven un-numbered pages of measurements for plan of Shahristan."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 56 reads, "Maima, mihrāb, Kufic inscriptions (photo, Bishop Linton)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, pp. 57 to 61 reads, "Khurramabad, Kufic inscriptions with textual references on preceeding page."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 62 reads, "Pul-i Kalhur, Kufic inscription, 337 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 63 reads, "Textual references to Barsuq."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 64 reads, "Glass seal, Kufic, 11th c. (Coil. Mrs. Parr, Tehran, 1929)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 65 reads, "Kirman, Masjid-i Jum'a. Inscriptions on doors."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 66 reads, "Kirman. Small Kufic inscription above door, 515 Shamsi (?)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 67 reads, "Kirman. Mihrāb, master's signature."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 68 reads, "Kirman, caravansarai Ganj 'Ali Khan. Inscriptions by 'Ali Riza 'Abbasi."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 69 reads, "Na'in, inscriptions on wooden minbar."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 71 reads, "Pasargadae, Tomb of Cyrus, mihrāb inscriptions Six page of satirical verse, un-numbered."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 72 reads, "Burujird, Masjid-i Shah, reparation inscription, 1022 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 73 reads, "Isfahan, Gr. mosque, door on narrow street, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 74 reads, "Isfahan, Masjid-i Jum'a, Kufic inscriptions, 481 H.."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 75 reads, "Sawah, minaret, Kufic, 504 H, (from photo, Pope)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 76 reads, "Tile at dealer's in Tehran, Kufic."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 77 reads, "Maragha, Kufic, 542 H. (from drawing, Godard)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 78 reads, "Notes on inscriptions in Damascus."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 79 reads, "Inscriptions on silver, inlaid bronze, Tehran dealer (same: N-110, p.17)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 80 reads, "Inscriptions on Herzfeld's silver inlaid bronze pen-box."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 81 reads, "."Ladjim, Imamzadeh 'Abdullah, tomb tower, Kufic and Pahlavi, 413 H."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-109, p. 82 reads, "Isfahan, Malikshah, Nizam al-mulk, Kufic."
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-109, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; N-109

FSA A.6 03.109
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- In Finding Aid, a Joseph Upton's note (missing) says, "Received from Prof. Grohmann on October 29, 1957," followed by, "The first pages of the notebook are unnumbered, but consist of the following items: 1 page of Persian words with their probable Pahlavi origins; 7 pages of measurements for a map of Shahristan; 4 pages of what seems to be a study of the marking on Kushan coins; bibliographical notes on Qa'in, Turbat-i Haidari and Khwaf; 3 pages of a parody in verse of a New Year's party. The inscriptions through 46 are numbered in red."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 03.109
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3fcb6be49-81b2-4e9b-bdcd-1d75bffde484
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref30014

Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Miscellaneous Notes and Correspondence (N-126)

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
19 Leaves (Folder 1 and 2, 21 cm. x 28 cm. or smaller)
3 Letters (Folder 3 : correspondence : 7 letters ; 40 pages, 21 cm. x 32.7 cm. or smaller)
4 Items (photographic print Folder 4 : 1 photographic print, 29.5 cm. x 25.9 cm.)
5 Items (photographic print Folder 5 : 1 photographic print, 29.1 cm. x 26.4 cm.)
6 Items (photographic print Folder 6 : 1 photographic print, 30.3 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Leaves
Letters
Notebooks
Correspondence
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Syria
Aleppo (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Date:
1904-1946
Scope and Contents:
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 1 reads, "Blue pamphlet. "Composition of Ancient Persian Artifacts". Spectrographic metallographic analysis by Lucius Pitkin. Inc. N.Y., Objects probably from prehistoric finds at Nihavand or Harsin."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 2 reads, "Similar pamphlet from same firm, 1938: "Observations of the Nature of some ancient Persian iron" (dagger and bracelet). Folder also contains letter from "British Museum (1936) regarding analysis of glazes on two fragments from Nihavand; also a letter from the Chemical Laboratory of the Berlin Museum discussing an analysis of copper spear-heads and methods of drying-out clay tablets with cuneiform inscriptions found at Persepolis (1933)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 1 reads, "Letter to Dr. C.H. Becker (founder of the Journal of Islamic Studies, Der Islam, and subsequently Minister of Education for Prussia). From Tehran (Zarganda, German Summer Legation), July 22, 1923. Herzfeld gives summary of trip London-Baghdad and on to Tehran via Paikuli (see N-33, pp.1-89); comments on costs of caravan travel and notes still uncertain over permits for travel to Afghanistan and money for continuation of trip."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 2 reads, "Letter to Dr. Becker from Tehran, Sept.30, 1923. Explanation of withdrawal of permission to go to Afghanistan (accused of being Bolshevik or British agent); Parsis offered money for trip and Herzfeld asked for 1000 pounds stlg.; mentions results of trip from Basra to Tehran in archaeological information and artifacts."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 3 reads, "Letter from N.S.Nyberg, Cairo (Matarieh), April 10, 1924. Long letter on decipherment of certain Pahlavi words and about Avroman documents, which Herzfeld sent him better copies and photographs. Comments "Wenn es nun endlich über Iran zu tagen beginn, so ist das zum allergrőssten Teil Ihr Verdienst und Ihr unsterblicher Ruhm"."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 4 reads, "Letter from Nyberg, Uppsala, Nov.18, 1926. Thanks Herzfeld for Reisebericht (ZDMG) and congratulates on new Pahlavi inscriptions (quotation in No. 3 is from this letter)."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 5 reads, "Letter to Dr. Becker from German Legation, Tehran, March 30, 1928. Reviews significance of Kartīr inscriptions and prehistoric pottery from Persepolis. Writes of house, library and collections as foundation for German Institute in Persia and of lectures and teaching; arrival of Krefter for Pasargadae excavations and related difficulties in getting official permission; of abrogation of French archaeological monopoly, problems relating to it, and arrival of Godard as Director; and of his acute financial problems."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 6 reads, "Letter to Excellenz Schmidt-Ott (Deutsche Notgemeinschaft, Berlin) from Basra-Karrachi, Feb.26, 1929. Thanks for funds for Sistan Expedition and describes trip with Reza Shah from Khurramabad to Ahwaz; and his own trip from Tehran enroute to Sistan."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 3, letter 7 reads, "Letter from Minister Becker, Berlin, Dec.30, 1929. Comments on financial difficulties in Germany and changes in Ministries and Faculties.."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 4 reads, "Large mounted print. Stolze photo. Naqsh-i Rustam, Sasanian combats."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 5 reads, "Large mounted print. Stolze photo. Naqsh-i Rajab, Shāpūr investiture."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-126, folder 6 reads, "Large mounted print. Aleppo, Bab Antakiya."
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-126, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; N-126

FSA A.6 03.126
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Correspondence
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 03.126
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3108dab8d-77dd-4848-ae9d-53d2b384c209
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref30017

Travel Journals

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (Travel journals, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1905-1928
1905-1929
Scope and Contents:
The travel journals are in Herzfeld's handwriting in German. They have been transliterated into typed versions of which each page is faced by a xerox copy of the original, showing sketches and inscriptions.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel journals, 1905-1928" is composed of eight travel journals which contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people Herzfeld encountered, their economic and their social activities. The journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. Finally facts with archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, as well as topographical notes for the preparation of maps, were noted to be ultimately incorporated in subsequent finished studies.
- FSA A.6 01.01, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-47", provides first an account of a trip (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad (Iran) in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah, and second an account of a trip (February 17 to March 19, 1929) from Tehran (Iran) to Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran).
- FSA A.6 01.02, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-81", provides an account of an expedition (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur (Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran) ("Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.03, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-82", provides an account of an expedition (November 23 to January 03, 1906) from Shiraz (Iran) to Constantinople (Turkey) ("Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Constantinopel, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin to Pasargadae (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923").
- FSA A.6 01.05, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-84", provides an account of an expedition (November 15, 1923 to April 30, 1924) from Pasargadae (Iran) to bushire (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924").
- FSA A.6 01.06, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-85", provides an account of an expedition (December 1, 1923 to March 21, 1924) from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran) ("Afghanistan -Ostpersien I, 1924-1925").
- FSA A.6 01.07, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-7", provides first an account of a roundtrip (June 3 to June 29, 1911) Samarra (Iraq) - Sulaimaniya (Iraq), and second an account of a trip (September 12 to September 19, 1911) from Balad (Iraq) to Seleucia - Ctesiphon ("Samarra Tagebuch 2, Reise nach Sulaymānīyah und nach Ktesiphon Baghdad").
- FSA A.6 01.08, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-10", provides an account of an expedition (July 8 to August 27, 1913) from Samarra (Iran) to Asadabad (Hamadan, Iran) ("Tagebuch der Rückreise von Samarra 1913").
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given these journals an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) and for the Samarra material (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
General:
It is impractical to include in the Index the name of every person or place mentioned in the Journals. These were essentially short-hand notes intended to remind Herzfeld of facts to be incorporated in subsequent finished studies. Many of the items, especially in N-81 and N-82, are topographical notes for the preparation of maps. Herzfeld tended to note everything he saw and heard, so the Journals contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people he encountered, their economic and their social activities. The Journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. He even includes snatches of poetry.

The items entered in the Index are, therefore, primarily those of archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, especially if Herzfeld inserted a sketch. He was accustomed on these exploratory trips to supplement the Journals with comprehensive photographic record (see the inventory to the photographic File) and sketchbooks (see the inventory to the sketchbooks).

The circumstances under which the Journals were written often led to inconsistencies in the spelling which was sometimes again modified in printed texts. It might also be mentioned that there are differences in the transliteration of Near Eastern script according to the French, German or English systems, not to speak of the "personal" systems sometimes adopted by writers in the field. Since Herzfeld published in all three languages, all three systems occur in the catalogues of the collection; but I am confident that that fact will cause no particular hardship for scholars.
- Travel journals titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 1
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc398b63d43-935a-4991-809e-ff136c473d6b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6208

N-83: "Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diary (1 volume (72 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923 February 14–November 14
Scope and Contents:
From Berlin to Pasargadae via Basra, Baghdad, Paikuli, Tāq-i Bustān, Hamadan, Teheran, Khurha, Qum and Isfahan.
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"

- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).

- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).

- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).

- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).

- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).

- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).

- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).

- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).

- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).

- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).

- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).

- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).

- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).

- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).

- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).

- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).

- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).

- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).

- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).

- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).

- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).

- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).

- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).

- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).

- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).

- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).

- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).

- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).

- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).

- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).

- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).

- Dinawar (Iran): Pre-Sasanian monuments. Tell Nasiliyan, Tell Shahr-i Dagianus, June 27, 1923, (p. 72).

- Adjin (Iran), June 28, 1923, (p. 73).

- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).

- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).

- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).

- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).

- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).

- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).

- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.

- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).

- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).

- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).

- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).

- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).

- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).

- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).

- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).

- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).

- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).

- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).

- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).

- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).

- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).

- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).

- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).

- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).

- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).

- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).

- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).

- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).

- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).

- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-83

FSA A.6 03.083

FSA A.6 01.04
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc398aa80f2-6c11-427c-99f9-9e54fff1abc1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6367

Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad)

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Volume N-83, Page 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1923 April 25
Scope and Contents note:
"Very fine library, almost complete about Iraq"
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals / 1.4: N-83: "Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3b37f1956-35e5-4b33-a27c-54a705056774
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6392

Sketchbooks

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
35 Items (Sketchbooks, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1923-1931
undated
Scope and Contents:
All notes are in German.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931," which is composed of 35 sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher), is organized into thirteen subseries and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- FSA A.6 02.01, which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
- FSA A.6 02.02, which includes three sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher IX, X, and XI), provides a succinct but seemingly comprehensive view of the site of Pasargadae where Herzfeld formal excavations only occupied twenty-eight days in April and May 1928.
- FSA A.6 02.03, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Khorasan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.04, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Sistan-Quhistan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.05, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations related to Isfahan (Iran), Kerman (Iran), Na'in (Iran), and Saweh (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.06, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations during a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran) and Sistan (Iran), carried out in February and March 1929.
- FSA A.6 02.07, which includes seven sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI,and XXII), covers the field activities of the Persepolis Expedition, including excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and the terrace complex of Persepolis (Iran). The archaeological work was initiated by Professor Ernst Herzfeld in Spring 1931, until he was removed from his position as expedition director at the end of 1934.
- FSA A.6 02.08, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIII), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains related to Split (Croatia).
- FSA A.6 02.09, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIV), provides records of measurements for topographical maps with calculations related to Firuzabad (Iran), Khurha (Iran), Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.10, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains and prehistoric artifacts related to Nineveh (Iraq), Ur (Iraq), Samarra (Iraq), Hamadan (Iran), Harsin (Iran), Kermanshah (Iran), and Shiraz (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.11, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXVI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs, some from the Hahn Collection.
- FSA A.6 02.12, which includes five sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, reliefs and inscriptions, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs related to several archaeological sites in Persia and Mesopotamia, as well as to the prehistoric mound of Tepe Giyan (Iran) in particular.
- FSA A.6 02.13, which includes four sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXXII, XXXIII, XXXIV, and XXXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on inscriptions, archaeological remains, architecture, and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Damascus (Syria), Hama (Syria), Hims (Syria), and Ma'arat al-Nu'man (Syria).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks
Arrangement:
Sketchbooks, housed in five document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into thirteen subdivisions.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 02
General:
- Sketchbooks titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications, handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931, n.d.."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 2
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d900ac97-bffa-48b3-a0c3-9fcf04fa848a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6806

Notebooks

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (Ledgers)
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Ledgers (account books)
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Date:
1904-1946
1957
1899-1946
undated
Scope and Contents:
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks" is composed of 131 folders including a large variety of locations, names, topics, genres, and languages. As of today, only four inventories of objects (ledgers) have been digitized and are available online.
- FSA A.6 03.089 consists of an inventory book to which Ernst Herzfeld recorded archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and antiquities collected, acquired, or observed in several cities throughout Mesopotamia and Persia in 1923 and 1924.
- FSA A.6 03.090 consists of an inventory book which supplies an abbreviated and corrected version of FSA A.6 03.089 and a continuation of N-91.
- FSA A.6 03.091 consists of an inventory book which is a continuation of FSA A.6 03.089. Herzfeld added an inventory of objects collected, acquired, or observed in several cities throughout Persia in 1926 and 1927, 1929, and finally 1932 and 1933.
- FSA A.6 03.092 consists of an inventory book which displays two separate inventories of objects. The first list comprises a finds journal from the session of excavations at Pasargadae, carried out by Herzfeld and Krefter in April and May 1928. The second list, without dates, enumerates prehistoric artifacts and antiquities collected, acquired, or observed in Baghdad, Hamadan, Harsin, Kermanshah, Nihavand, Tehran, and possibly Ur.
Arrangement:
Notebooks, ledgers, notes, and sketches, housed in document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into 131 subdivisions.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 03
General:
- Notebooks titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 3: Notebooks 1904-1946, 1957, n.d. ."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Ledgers (account books)
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 3
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3ce9dd36a-d500-43e3-b75f-88fb3e0a6bb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8055

N-28: "Kriegs-Tagebuch"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Notebook (26 pages, 15.5 cm. x 10.1 cm.)
Container:
Volume N-28
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Baghdad (Iraq)
Date:
1904-1946
Scope and Contents note:
Various military notes and records of August 1915; and sketch plans of large house and two small houses in Baghdad, large building with library in Qyzqaleh, and construction of roofs in Oleszkowiczy, north of Brest-Litowsk
Scope and Contents:
- Handwritten caption on inside of front cover reads: "Herzfeld Oberleutenant; X A.K. ([Armee Korps]) Fuhrpark Kolonne Nr. 2."
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-28 reads, ""Kriegs-Tagebuch." Various military notes and records of August 1915; and sketch plans of large house and two small houses in Baghdad, large building with library in Qyzqaleh, and construction of roofs in Oleszkowiczy, north of Brest-Litowsk."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Sketch Plans of Private Houses in Baghdad (Iraq) and Short Diary of WWI Military Conflict, 1915 (N-28)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-28, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; N-28

FSA A.6 03.028
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, File FSA A.6 03.028
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3ad31fbe3-7f34-4361-afb0-340e3a333bc0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8142

N-69: Diary, 1944. His library, bought by Metropolitan Museum, taken June 21st. Packers at Princeton house Dec. 4--7th

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Notebook (6 cm. x 10 cm.)
Container:
Volume N-69
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Diaries
Place:
Asia
Date:
1944
Scope and Contents:
- FSA A.6 03.069, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-69", provides Ernst Herzfeld's personal diary for the year 1944. The earliest registered entry dates, "Jan. 10, 1944", and the latest registered entry dates, "Dec. 7, 1944".
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-69, reads, "Diary, 1944. His library, bought by Metropolitan Museum, taken June 21st. Packers at Princeton house Dec. 4-7th."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Herzfeld's Personal Diary, 1944 (N-69)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-69, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; N-69

FSA A.6 03.069
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Diaries
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, File FSA A.6 03.069
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3365db584-33c3-43ed-a04f-b4a5bc5f9fdf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8277

N-93: "Katalog meiner Bibliothek I E.Herzfeld 1918." Alphabetical catalogue by authors

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Notebook (157 pages, 20.6 cm. x 25.4 cm.)
Container:
Volume N-93
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
- FSA A.6 03.093, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-93", provides a long list of archaeological publications included in Ernst Herzfeld personal library. The list, written in 1918 probably by Herzfeld, is organized by authors in alphabetical order and contains purchased prices in German Mark currency following each entry.
- Additional information from staff reads: "FSA A.6 03.093 covers part I of Herzfeld personal library; FSA A.6 03.094 covers part II."
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Katalog meiner Bibliothek I, E.Herzfeld, 1918"
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-93 reads, ""Katalog meiner Bibliothek I E.Herzfeld 1918." Alphabetical catalogue by authors."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Alphabetical Catalogue of Herzfeld's Archaeological Library, 1918, Part I (N-93)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-93, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-93

FSA A.6 03.093
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, File FSA A.6 03.093
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc386a85b6b-5f62-4437-a503-8c7bb88c3bfa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8345

N-94: Second volume of library catalogue

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Notebook (120 pages, 20.6 cm. x 25.4 cm.)
Container:
Volume N-94
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
- FSA A.6 03.094, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-94", provides a long list of archaeological publications included in Ernst Herzfeld personal library. The list, written in 1918 probably by Herzfeld, is organized by authors in alphabetical order and contains purchased prices in German Mark currency following each entry.
- Additional information from staff reads: "FSA A.6 03.093 covers part I of Herzfeld personal library; FSA A.6 03.094 covers part II."
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Katalog meiner Bibliothek II, E.Herzfeld, 1918"
- In Finding Aid, Joseph Upton's caption for N-94 reads, ""Katalog meiner Bibliothek II E.Herzfeld 1918." Alphabetical catalogue by authors."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks; Alphabetical Catalogue of Herzfeld's Archaeological Library, 1918, Part II (N-94)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Notebooks were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) for 131 notebooks, including four ledgers and eight travel journals. Upton has given this notebook an accession number, N-94, related to the series he created for the notebooks, probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-94

FSA A.6 03.094
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, File FSA A.6 03.094
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 3: Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc35c633f6d-a0a9-4b7f-9b56-1253658935c5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8346

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