Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
1,171,689 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

Ocho y Media Collection

Former owner:
Clark, Leilani  Search this
Craig, Karen  Search this
Neubacher, Britton  Search this
Novak, Eve  Search this
Quinonez, Torie  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Booklets
Color photographs
Date:
1979-1997
Summary:
The collection documents, at the grass roots level, the "third wave" of the feminist movement in the early 1990s.
Content Description:
The collection documents, at the grass roots level, the "third wave" of the feminist movement in the early 1990s. It contains numerous "zines", i.e., independent, self-published, inexpensively produced periodicals containing a wide variety of feminist views on subjects such as sexuality, lesbianism, body image, reproductive rights, violence against women, and other topics. Additionally, the collection contains stickers, photographs, handouts, mailers, a diary, and two scrapbooks.

Neubacher donation contains handouts, a mailer, a booklet, a transparency sheet, a clipping, and photographs.

Novak donation contains zines, a diary and an ID card.

Craig donation contains zines, game cards, play money, and stickers.

Quinonez donation contains two scrapbooks documenting the activities of the Ocho y Media Collective.

Clark donation contains one zine.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by Leilani Clark, Karen Craig, Britton Neubacher, Eve Novak, and Torie Quinonez in 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Feminism  Search this
Feminism and art  Search this
Zines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Booklets
Color photographs
Citation:
Ocho y Media Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1473
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1473

Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers

Creator:
Kingston Trio  Search this
Reynolds, Nick, 1933-2008  Search this
Former owner:
Kingston Trio Legacy Project  Search this
Reynolds, Leslie  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Cubic feet (4 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Business records
Business letters
Fliers (printed matter)
Legal records
Letters (correspondence)
Posters
Photographs
Programs
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Date:
1950-2014
Summary:
The collection documents Nick Reynolds, a member of the vocal music group, the Kingston Trio.
Content Description:
The collection documents the life and career of Nick Reynolds, one of the members of the Kingston Trio folk music group. Included in the collection are: a scrapbook approximately covering the years 1958-1970, and including such things as articles, photographs, and flyers announcing appearances by the Trio; letters, including fan mail, and a large set of letters and cards sent by member Nick Reynolds to his parents; postcards; business and legal papers, especially relating to a 1981 reunion; programs; songbooks and sheet music; posters advertising appearances; a book about the Trio; articles and miscellaneous printed materials.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Reynolds, Nick, Personal Papers, 1950-2014, undated

Series 2: Kingston Trio Papers and Ephemera, 1956-2013, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The history of the original Kingston Trio and its subsequent permutations has been well chronicled. The group came to national prominence in 1958 during the folk music revival of the 1950s and 1960s. At that time the trio consisted of Dave Guard, Bob Shane, and Nick Reynolds. Their first album released in 1958 contained their first gold record, Tom Dooley. Success continued for the trio but in 1961, Dave Guard left the group and John Stewart joined the group as his replacement. The group continued to have a successful run, their cover of Where Have All the Flowers Gone? and Greenback Dollar made the Billboard Top Ten chart in 1961 and 1963 respectively. The group in its configuration of Reynolds, Shane, and Stewart ceased actively performing in June 1967. Subsequent incarnations of the group performed into the twenty-first century.

Nicholas (Nick) Wells Reynolds, tenor, was a founding member of the Kingston Trio. He was born in San Diego, California on July 27, 1933. His parents were Stewart S. and Jane Keck Reynolds. His father was a commander in the United States Navy. Reynolds attended schools in Coronado, California graduating in 1951 from Coronado High School. He graduated from Menlo College, Atherton, California in 1956.

Reynolds, Bob Shane (1934-2020) and Dave Guard (1934-1991) formed the Kingston Trio in the 1950s. Reynolds left the Trio in 1967 moving to Oregon. He rejoined the Trio in 1988 after recording the album Revenge of the Budgie in 1983, and remained with the group until retiring in 2003. Reynolds died in San Diego, California on October 1, 2008 survived by his third wife, Leslie Yerger Reynolds, and four children.

Sources

Family Search, 1940 United States Census, accessed July 9, 2019. Obituary, Nick Reynolds, The New York Times, October 2, 2008. Obituary, Nick Reynolds, The Los Angeles Times, October 3, 2008. Kingston Trio Legacy Project, (http://kingstontriolegacyproject.com) last accessed July 9, 2019.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Kingston Trio Legacy Project to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution in 2018.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk musicians  Search this
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Business letters
Fliers (printed matter)
Legal records -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 21st century
Posters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century -- Color prints
Programs -- Concerts -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Sheet music -- 20th century
Citation:
Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1472
See more items in:
Nick Reynolds Kingston Trio Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1472

William L. Bird Postcard Collection

Former owner:
Bird, William L.  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (19 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Place:
United States -- description and travel
Date:
1900-1990
Summary:
Collection consists of postcards on numerous subjects.
Content Description:
Postcards, on numerous subjects including American architecture, infrastructure, attractions, businesses, and travel related subjects.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Airports  Search this
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Beaches  Search this
Bridges -- United States  Search this
Cities and towns  Search this
Dams  Search this
Highways  Search this
Hotels  Search this
Kitsch -- United States  Search this
Museums -- United States  Search this
National parks  Search this
Restaurants -- United States  Search this
Shopping malls -- United States  Search this
State parks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards -- 20th century
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Citation:
William L. Bird Postcard Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1465
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1465

Division of Transportation Stereograph Collection

Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Date:
1867-1927
Summary:
The collection contains stereographs by various makers. Most depict trains, railroads and railroad related subjects such as railyards, railroad bridges, elevated trains.
Content Description:
The collection contains stereographs by various makers. Most depict trains, railroads and railroad related subjects such as railyards, railroad bridges, elevated trains. Also included are many maritime subjects, including steamships, riverboats, harbors and shipyards. A few of the cards depict scenes in American cities such as New York and Chicago. The vast majority of the images are of scenes in the Northeastern United States, though there are several from Colorado, and a few foreign subjects.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Topic:
Harbors  Search this
Passenger ships  Search this
Railroad bridges  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroad yards  Search this
Railroads -- Trains  Search this
Railroad construction  Search this
Railroads, Elevated  Search this
River boats  Search this
Ships  Search this
Shipyards  Search this
Travel photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Citation:
Division of Transportation Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1468
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1468
Online Media:

Paul Ma Papers

Creator:
Ma, Paul  Search this
Former owner:
Ma, Linda  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Color prints (photographs)
Letters (correspondence)
Menus
Notes
Photograph albums
Recipes
Date:
1976-2000
Summary:
The collection documents Paul Ma's work as a chef and his efforts to popularize Chinese food in America.
Content Description:
The collection documents Paul Ma's work as a chef and his efforts to popularize Chinese food in America. Included in the collection are notes on food, recipes, letters, a photograph album, menus, brochures relating to courses Ma gave on Chinese cuisine, financial documents, examples of "double bookkeeping" (in Chinese and in English) used by Chinese restaurants.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series by chronological order.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by Paul and Linda Ma, 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bookkeeping  Search this
Cooking, Chinese  Search this
Cooks  Search this
Food industry and trade  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Color prints (photographs)
Letters (correspondence)
Menus
Notes
Photograph albums
Recipes
Citation:
Paul Ma Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1469
See more items in:
Paul Ma Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1469
Online Media:

Something Ventured Film Transcripts

Creator:
Miralan Productions  Search this
Names:
Western Association of Venture Capitalists  Search this
Extent:
7.73 Megabytes (23 digital transcripts)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Megabytes
Date:
2008-2010
Summary:
The collection contains 23 interview transcripts relating to the production of the 2011 film Something Ventured: Risk, Reward and the Original Venture Capitalists.
Content Description:
Interview transcripts relating to the production of the 2011 film Something Ventured: Risk, Reward and the Original Venture Capitalists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series and is alphabetical by name of interviewee.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Miralan Productions, LLC through Paul Holland and Molly Davis, January 2018.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Rights to the collection are owned by the Stanford Special Collections and University Archives. Users with questions and requests regarding usage should contact the Stanford Special Collections and University Archives.
Topic:
Entrepreneurship  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Businesspeople  Search this
Venture capital  Search this
Venture capital -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Something Ventured Film Transcripts, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1467
See more items in:
Something Ventured Film Transcripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1467

Castor Advertising Corporation Collection

Topic:
Coca-Cola (Trademark)
Creator:
Fernandez, Castor  Search this
Castor Advertising Corporation  Search this
Names:
Anheuser-Busch, Inc.  Search this
Heublein, Inc.  Search this
International Rescue Committee  Search this
Richardson-Vicks Inc  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
8mm films
Advertisements
Business records
Dvds
Handbooks
Letters (correspondence)
Masters theses
Magazines (periodicals)
Newsletters
Photographs
Press releases
Vhs (videotape format)
Newspaper clippings
Hispanic american periodicals
Date:
1960-2007, 2018
Summary:
This collection consists of materials documenting the Castor Advertising Corporation, Castor SG&B, and Castor Spanish International, which specialized in reaching Hispanic audiences.
Content Description:
Archival materials documenting the Castor Advertising Corporation, Castor SG&B, and Castor Spanish International. This collection includes correspondence, business records, awards, a copy of Fernández's MBA thesis, photographs, newspaper clippings, magazines, a DVD containing an interview with Fernández, and advertising reels recorded on VHS tapes, cassettes, and 16mm film.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Background Materials, 1961-2001, 2018

Series 2: Advertising Materials, 1969-1987

Series 3: Newspaper Clippings and Publications, 1968-2000

Series 4: Audiovisual Materials, 1960-2007
Biographical / Historical:
Castor A. Fernández Capote was born in 1943 in Havana, Cuba and moved to the United States in 1961. Fernández first lived in Miami, Florida but moved to New York City soon after. He attended City College of New York where he received his Bachelor and Master of Business Administration in Marketing. For his MBA thesis, "Market Segmentation through Television Advertising," Fernandéz focused his research on the potential for Spanish-language media to engage the Spanish-speaking market of New York. Fernández began his nearly four-decade-long advertising career in firms throughout New York City such as Link Advertising and Palmer Advertising. In 1968, Fernández established his own advertising firm called Castor Spanish International, focusing specifically on marketing designed for to the multiple groups of people described under the umbrella term "Hispanic." In 1989, Castor Spanish International merged with the Miami-based advertising corporation, Garcia-Serra & Blanco Advertising, to form a new agency: Castor SG&B. The agency dissolved the merger in 1990 and Fernández established Castor Advertising Corporation. Fernández retired from advertising in 2002. Throughout his decades-long career, he and his agencies did work for many major American corporations such as Café Bustelo, Citibank, McDonald's, Coca-Cola, Anheuser-Busch, Kmart, Richardson-Vicks, and Heublein Incorporated.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in 2018 by Castor Fernández.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
Articles  Search this
Awards  Search this
Marketing  Search this
Minorities in advertising  Search this
Alcohol -- advertising  Search this
advertising -- Alcoholic beverages  Search this
Hispanic American businesspeople  Search this
Hispanic American consumers  Search this
Hispanic Americans  Search this
Cuban American business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
8mm films
Advertisements
Business records
DVDs
Handbooks
Letters (correspondence)
Masters theses
Magazines (periodicals)
Newsletters
Photographs -- Color photoprints -- 1950-2000
Photographs -- Color photoprints -- 21st century
Press releases
VHS (videotape format)
Newspaper clippings
Hispanic American periodicals
Hispanic American periodicals
Citation:
Castor Advertising Corporation Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1461
See more items in:
Castor Advertising Corporation Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1461
Online Media:

Matthew Shepard Papers

Creator:
Shepard, Matthew, 1976-1998  Search this
Former owner:
Shepard, Dennis  Search this
Shepard, Judy  Search this
Extent:
14.1 Cubic feet (43 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Theater programs
Travel brochures
Travel journals
Correspondence
Place:
Wyoming
Date:
1976-2019, undated
Summary:
The papers of Matthew Shepard (1976-1998) a gay man who was a victim of a hate crime in Laramie, Wyoming October 1998 resulting in his death. His death gained national and international attention leading to the formation of the Matthew Shepard Foundation and eventual passage of federal hate crime legislation (The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act), signed into law in October 2009.
Content Description:
Papers relating to the life of Matthew Shepard, his beating, death, and its aftermath, leading to the passage of anti-hate crime legislation named for him and James Byrd, Jr. The papers include items from Shepard's early life, his school life, elementary through college, and personal material. The collection includes material from his recycling campaign. It also includes items from theater productions in which he participated. There is correspondence both written and received as well as notebooks and his passports. Travel and general ephemera are also included.

The papers related to the aftermath of his beating and death include funeral memorabilia, programs, flower cards, and photographs of floral arrangements. The bulk of the material consists of condolence cards and letters, expressions of sympathy and condolence, and material from memorial events thoughout the United States. These include not only written correspondence, but graphic and artistic tributes (drawings, poetry, screenplays, and musical compositions.)

There are screenplays, correspondence, and photographs relating to the television motion pictures, Anatomy of a Hate Crime (2001) and The Matthew Shepard Story (2002) starring Stockard Channing, Sam Waterston, and Shane Meier.

The papers have been utilized prior to their donation to the Archives, National Museum of American History by filmmaker Michele Josue and Zeina Barkawi for the award winning documentary, Matt Shepard Is A Friend of Mine (2015). The material was also researched by representatives of Ford's Theater, Washington, DC when Ford's mounted a production of Moises Kaufman's The Laramie Project in 2013.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1, Shepard, Matthew, Personal Papers, 1976-2018, undated

Subseries 1.1: Education and Schooling, 1981-1998, undated

Subseries 1.2: Correspondence, 1986-1998, undated

Subseries 1.3: Theater Memorabilia, 1986-1992, undated

Subseries 1.4: Assorted Papers and Ephemera, 1976-1999,undated

Subseries 1.5: Funeral and Celebration of Life, Estate, 1998 October-2018 October 26

Series 2, Shepard Family and The Matthew Shepard Foundation, Papers and Correspondence Received, 1998-2013, undated

Subseries 2.1: Papers, 1998-2003, undated

Subseries 2.2: Correspondence Received, 1998 October-2009 September

Series 3, Tribute, Vigil, Memorial Services, Memorabilia, and Inspired Works, 1998-2008, undated

Subseries 3.1: Tribute, Vigil, and Memorial Services, 1998, undated

Subseries 3.2: Memorabilia and Inspired Works,1973-2008, undated

Subseries 3.3: Anatomy of a Hate Crime, 1999-2001

Subseries 3.4: The Matthew Shepard Story, 1999-2004, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The life and death of Matthew Shepard have been documented in numerous biographies, motion pictures, and newsprint.

Matthew Wayne Shepard was born on December 1, 1976 in Casper, Wyoming to Judy Peck and Dennis Wayne Shepard. Shepard's early life was spent in Casper, where he attended elementary school, junior high, and high school till the tenth grade. While living in Casper, he participated in local productions at theater companies based in Casper. One of his school projects involved bringing awareness to recycling. He was so successful that he was appointed as the young adult representative to the governor's initiaive on state-wide recycling. In his junior year of high school, Shepard left Casper to attend The American School in Switzerland (TASIS). At that time his mother Judy and younger brother Logan joined Dennis Shepard in Saudi Arabia where Dennis was employed by SAUDI ARAMCO.

While attending TASIS on a school trip to Morocco Shepard was raped by one or more unknown assailants. Although the crime was reported, the perpetrators were never apprehended. This emotional and physical trauma stayed with Shepard the remainder of his life. After graduation from TASIS, Shepard briefly attended Catawba College in Salisbury, North Carolina. After leaving Catawba he moved to Raleigh, North Carolina, and then returned to Casper, where he enrolled in Casper College, the local community college. He briefly moved to Denver, Colorado, before deciding to enter the Universty of Wyoming in Laramie, his parents' alma mater. He was admitted for the 1998-1999 school year to the University of Wyoming.

It was while living in Laramie on the evening of October 6, 1998 that Shepard crossed paths with Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson at the Fireside Lounge. McKinney and Henderson later drove him to a location outside Laramie, where they tied Shepard to a split-rail fence, robbed, and beat him senseless with the butt of a Smith & Wesson .357 Magnum revolver. After beating him they stole his shoes and left him in the near-freezing temperatures.

Shepard was discovered 18 hours later by Aaron Kreifels. He was first transported to Ivinson Hospital in Laramie, and upon the discovery of the severity of his injuries he was transferred to the Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, Colorado. His parents immediately flew from Saudi Arabia and were with him when he died in the early morning hours of October 12, 1998.

McKinney and Henderson were arrested and charged. They maintained what is known as a "gay panic defense" claiming Shepard had made sexual overtures to one or both of them. This was ultimately not allowed. Henderson pleaded guilty to the charges of felony murder and kidnapping. McKinney went to trial also facing charges of felony murder and kidnapping. When found guilty, McKinney faced the possibility of the death penalty, but upon the Shepard family's request he received two consecutive life sentences, as had Henderson.

The death of Matthew on October 12, 1998 resulted in an unprecedented national and international outpouring of sympathy and reflection from the public at large. Cards, letters, and donations to what became the Matthew Shepard Foundation were received from not only the United States but the world. The response was overwhelming, many writing, "to express their concern and sorrow about what had happened to Matt and to us as his parents," in the words of Dennis Shepard. Shepard's Celebration of Life was held at the family's home church, St. Mark's Episcopal, in Casper, Wyoming. Fred Phelps and the Westboro Baptist Church picketed the funeral.

Over a ten-year period, Judy Shepard and the Matthew Shepard Foundation fought for national hate crime legislation. It was not until 2009 that Congress passed The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, also known as the Matthew Shepard Act, on October 22. President Barack Obama signed the act into law on October 28. The Foundation continues to this day bringing good from evil, empowering individuals, ". . . to embrace human dignity and diversity through outreach, advocacy and resource programs," and, ". . . to replace hate with understanding, compassion and acceptance."

Shepard's ashes were inurned at the Washington National Cathedral in October 2018.

Source

Shepard, Judy. The Meaning of Matthew, My Son's Murder in Laramie and a World Transformed. New York, New York: Hudson Street Press, 2009.

Matthew Shepard Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

St. Mark's Episcopal Church website: http://stmarks.diowy.org/ accessed August 2018.

Matthew Shepard Foundation website: https://www.matthewshepard.org/ accessed August 2018.
Separated Materials:
Objects relating to Matthew Shepard are held in the Division of Medicine and Science.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Dennis and Judy Shepard in 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hate crimes  Search this
Gay youth  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
Victims of hate crimes  Search this
Travel -- Europe  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- 1990-2000  Search this
Foundations  Search this
LGBT  Search this
Genre/Form:
Theater programs -- 1910-1990
Travel brochures
Travel journals
Correspondence -- 1970-2000
Citation:
Matthew Shepard Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1463
See more items in:
Matthew Shepard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1463
Online Media:

Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection

Former owner:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Certificates
Lantern slides
Posters
Publicity photographs
Schedules
Motion picture stills
Date:
1914-1981, undated
Summary:
The collection consists of motion picture exhibition ephemera (lantern slides, publicity photographs, and paper) saved by Robert L. Sardino during his years working in motion picture theaters in Syracuse, New York.
Content Description:
The collection consists of archival materials saved by Robert L. Sardino during the years he was employed in motion picture theaters in Syracuse, New York. This collection also contains objects Sardino salvaged when the Paramount Theater in Syracuse, New York was demolished in 1967. He spent the bulk of his career at the Paramount Theater. Included are theater schedules; blank payroll documents; photographs of employees, theater interiors, and marquees, as well as publicity stills of actors and for motion pictures; certificates; motion picture advertising and press releases. There is a large number of glass lantern slides relating to a variety of topics such as current news events, sports, scenic views, and "coming attractions."
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Personal Papers and Ephemera, 1942-1981, undated

Series 2, Paramount and Schine Theaters (Syracuse, New York), 1947-1970, undated

Series 3, Motion Pictures, Publicity Stills, Advertisements, and Souvenir Programs 1942-1968, undated

Series 4, Lantern Slides, 1914-1915, undated

Subseries 4.1, American Press Association, undated

Subseries 4.2, Brenkert Light Projection Company (BLPC), undated

Subseries 4.3, Motion Picture Advertisments, 1914-1915, undated

Subseries 4.4, Maurice Workstel, Incorporated, undated

Subseries 4.5, Other, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Robert L. Sardino was born in New York state December 11, 1897, the son of John and Palma Sardino. Both of his parents were born in Italy, and Palma notes in the 1920 census that she had immigrated to the United States from Italy in 1881. His father died at an early age and by the 1920 census Palma was listed as being head of the household. Robert joined the International Association of Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE), local 376, on January 24, 1915. According to family oral history Robert began work at the age of fourteen, in the 1920 census he is noted as an "operator" in a "picture show." His brothers, Frank and Alphonsa, were both in the motion picture theater business. By 1930 Frank is noted as a "theater proprietor." Alphonsa is noted as a "picture theater" manager as early as 1920. For the greatest part of his life, Robert worked in and around Syracuse, New York. During his working life, he was employed by Paramount-Publix Corporation, later known as Paramount Pictures, Incorporated and also the Schine Corporation theater owners and developers. He worked in Syracuse at the Paramount Theater which was demolished in 1967. Family history maintains Robert worked until he was seventy-five years old.

Robert served in the military during World War I. On his registration card he is described as being of medium height and build, grey eyes, and black hair. He was then working as an auto mechanic in Old Forge, New York. In May 1928, Robert married Florence Owen, daughter of David and Charlotte Bostwick Owen. They had two children, Delores and Roberta. The marriage ended and in the 1940 census Robert was living with his daughters and was noted as being a projectionist in a movie theater. Later that year he married Irene Boniface Simiele, also a divorcee, with a young son, Joseph.

Robert died in Syracuse, New York on February 3, 1981.
Related Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) holds these objects associated with this collection: Accession number 1984.0789 includes: Basket; Frame, Exit Sign; Screen, Cinerama; Speaker, Car, Drive-in Movie; Plate, End-Seat Aisle Camp Cover; Holder; Disc, Transcription.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Irene B. Sardino, widow of Robert L. Sardino, to the Division of Social and Cultural History, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Theaters  Search this
Motion pictures, American  Search this
advertising -- Motion pictures  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Certificates
Lantern slides
Posters
Publicity photographs
Schedules
Motion picture stills
Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1471
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1471

Ada Mitchell Travel Diary

Creator:
Mitchell, Ada, 1882-1958  Search this
Donor:
Griffith, Gordon  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Photographs
Place:
Canada
United States
Date:
1938 July 30-1938 September 9
Summary:
The collection documents the forty day driving trip made by Ada Mitchell and her son Cecil from Vancouver, Canada to Key West, Florida and back, August-September 1938. This diary was kept by Ada Mitchell and tracks their experiences in all of the places they visited.
Scope and Contents:
A diary chronicling a road trip taken in 1938 by Ada Mitchell and her son Cecil. The trip began in Vancouver, British Columbia, continued through the southern United States to Key West, Florida, and concluded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Along the way Ada Mitchell commented on the places they visited, the prices of products, and other aspects of their trip. Two photographs of Mitchell and her son are included.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Ada Mitchell was born on December 20, 1882 in Birmingham, United Kingdom and died in 1958 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. She lived most of her life in Toronto, moving to Vancouver for a short period. Her son, Horace Cecil Mitchell, was born on June 5, 1908 in Birmingham, United Kingdom and died in 1966 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He accompanied her on their trip from Vancouver, Canada to Key West, Florida and back to Toronto, Canada.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Ada Mitchell's great-grandson, Gordon Griffith in 2015.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1930-1940  Search this
Travel  Search this
Tourism  Search this
Automobile travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Ada Mitchell Travel Diary, 1938, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1369
See more items in:
Ada Mitchell Travel Diary
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1369
Online Media:

Frank Paulin Photoprints

Photographer:
Paulin, Frank  Search this
Donor:
Silverstein, Bruce  Search this
Silverstein, Silke  Search this
Names:
Graham, Billy, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
New Orleans (La.)
Seville (Spain)
Date:
circa 1951-1961, 1994
Scope and Contents:
Photoprints of city scenes, mostly taken during the 1950s, but including a few later images. Most of the images were made in New York City, Chicago, and New Orleans. One photograph was taken in Seville, Spain. The photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson appears in two of the photographs, photographing the Saint Patrick's Day parade; evangelist Billy Graham in another.
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Paulin, born in Pittsburgh in 1926, spent his early life in New York City and Chicago. He apprenticed at a photography studio in Chicago at the age of 16. In 1944 at 18, he went into the Army, serving with the Signal Corps in Europe, where he honed his photographic skills by shooting images of devastated cities. After the war he returned to Chicago and studied first at the Chicago Art Institute, then the Institute of Design with the famed artist and theorist Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and photographer Harry Callahan. In 1953 he returned to New York to work as a fashion illustrator, and studied with Alexey Brodovitch at the New School. During this period he began walking the streets at night and developed his interest in street and documentary photography. His work has been exhibited widely, beginning with the pioneering New York gallery, Limelight, in 1957.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2016 by Bruce and Silke Silverstein.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
"All Frank Paulin photographs copyright 2007Silverstein. Frank Paulin and the Frank Paulin Archive. All rights reserved by: Silverstein Photography / Silverstein Publishing."

Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Photographers -- 20th century  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Parades -- 1950-1960  Search this
St. Patrick's Day  Search this
Street photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Frank Paulin Photoprints, 1950s-1994 (bulk 1950-1960), Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Bruce and Silke Silverstein.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1373
See more items in:
Frank Paulin Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1373
Online Media:

Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks

Topic:
Military
Donor:
Campbell, Jean H.  Search this
Names:
Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1861 - 1861
Summary:
This collection contains three scrapbooks filled with Civil War propaganda primarily from the North's perspective. The scrapbooks include illustrated envelopes as well as clippings from envelopes, magazines, and almanacs.
Scope and Contents:
Three scrapbooks, into which propagandistic cartoons and images have been pasted. Many of the images are on envelopes, and the entire envelopes are pasted into the books. In other cases, images are clipped out and pasted in. With just three exceptions, the items in the scrapbooks are pro-Union and anti-Confederate. Few items are dated but the dates that are included are all 1861. Many of the items are patriotic, and contain images of the US flag, refer to the Constitution, praise Lincoln and various Union generals, or contain inspirational poetry. Most indicate confidence in an eventual Union victory, depict Lincoln, Union generals and Union soldiers as fearsome and heroic. Many others lampoon Jefferson Davis, with images depicting him, or Southerners in general, as the Devil or as one of various animals. Many violent images are included, some showing Jefferson Davis being executed.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1861
Biographical / Historical:
In the early years of the Civil War, pictorial envelopes were produced by printing companies, in both the North and the South. Other images came from sources such as almanacs and popular magazines. Propaganda in general was used to enhance morale among the soldiers and citizens that lived in the North and South. It helped spread the goals of both sides in simple terms that were exaggerated, dark, or even comical.

Northern printing companies created a profitable business, primarily printing envelopes that focused on preserving the Union. In the South, the propaganda and envelopes centered around the Confederate flag and what it stood for, but this was not continued at a steady rate throughout the war. Because they lacked manufacturing, the Confederacy was forced to import paper as well as ink from the North and England. This became a large problem for them when the North established the blockade, isolating the South from their usual imports. Ultimately, the North created more envelopes and designs than the South since it did not rely on imports to produce them.

Veronique Greenwood, "Civil War Envelopes are Works of Art – And Propaganda," National Geographic, December 10, 2015. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/12/151210-civil-war-envelopes-art-propaganda-artifacts/.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Jean H. Campbell, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Propaganda  Search this
Flags -- United States  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Patriotism  Search this
Executions and executioners  Search this
Devil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks, 1861, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1372
See more items in:
Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1372
Online Media:

Costa Sakellariou Photoprints

Creator:
Sakellariou, Costa  Search this
Former owner:
Ickovic, Paul  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box )
12 Prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
undated
Summary:
Twelve digital photographic prints, from film negatives, taken by Costa Sakellariou, from his "In the Rust Belt" series, depicting cities in central New York State.
Content Description:
Twelve digital photographic prints, from film negatives, taken by Costa Sakellariou, from his "In the Rust Belt" series, depicting cities in central New York State.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in in 2017 by Paul Ickovic.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Photographer retains copyright.
Topic:
Cities and towns  Search this
Metropolitan areas  Search this
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1456
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1456

Irving Berlin at Camp Upton: Panoramic Photograph

Names:
Berlin, Irving, 1888-1989  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (1 item)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Camp Upton (N.Y.)
Date:
1918
Summary:
Collection consists of one panoramic photograph of a military band at Camp Upton, New York featuring Irving Berlin.
Content Description:
A panoramic photograph, approximately 8" x 39", of a military band at Camp Upton, New York. Irving Berlin is pictured in the photograph.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Neil Kapp, 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bands (Music) -- 20th century  Search this
Military bands  Search this
Military bases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Irving Berlin at Camp Upton: Panoramic Photograph, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1460
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1460

James Nicol Halkett Papers

Creator:
Halkett, James Nicol, 1895-1953  Search this
Names:
Crowe Name Plate Manufacturing Company  Search this
General Motors Corporation. Fisher Body Division  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Laboratory notebooks
Letters
Reports
Test reports
Date:
1924-1951
Summary:
The collection documents the life and work of engineer and inventor James Nicol Halkett.
Content Description:
The collection documents the life and work of engineer and inventor James Nicol Halkett. The collection includes blueprints, photographs, his notes about machines, papers relating to his work with Crowe Name Plate Manufacturing Company, papers relating to his work in time and motion studies while employed at the Fisher Body plant, lab notes, notebooks with some illustrations, formulas, reports, brochures from the machine companies, and trade literature such as brochures and catalogs.
Arrangement:
The collectioon is arranged into one series.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by Kim Gillet, Muffie Austin, Jan Truitt and Scott Halkett in 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Industrial engineering  Search this
Industrial management  Search this
Industrial productivity  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Metallurgical engineers  Search this
Motion study  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Laboratory notebooks
Letters
Reports
Test reports
Citation:
James Nicol Halkett Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1455
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1455

Freddie Green Papers

Creator:
Green, Freddie, 1911-1987  Search this
Names:
Count Basie Orchestra  Search this
Basie, Count, 1904-1984  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Audiotapes
Business records
Color photographs
Letters (correspondence)
Music
Obituaries
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1930-2006
Summary:
The collection documents Green's life and work, especially his nearly fifty years as rhythm guitarist with Count Basie's orchestra.
Content Description:
The collection documents Green's life and work, especially his nearly fifty years as rhythm guitarist with Count Basie's orchestra. Included in the papers are compositions, some published, some not, some merely ideas for songs, some sent to Green by others with hopes of their becoming included in the Basie play book. Some compositions are recorded in numerous music composition books. Also included in the collection are photographs, of Green, of his family and friends, and especially of Count Basie and the band on tour and in performance. Audiovisual materials include reel to reel recordings and one audio cassette. Additional materials include a scrapbook of clippings, mostly relating to Basie and his orchestra; letters, mostly of a business nature, 1980s; loose articles and clippings from the 1970s and 1980s; concert programs, including one posthumous one from 2006; awards; and miscellaneous contracts and business records.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Alfred Green, son of Freddie Green, 2017.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Awards  Search this
Concerts -- Programs  Search this
Contracts  Search this
Guitarists  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Audiotapes
Business records
Color photographs
Letters (correspondence)
Music -- Manuscripts
Obituaries
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Freddie Green Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1453
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1453

Eugene B. Johnson Papers

Names:
National Sales Engineering Corporation  Search this
Extent:
1.75 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Invoices
Laboratory notes
Letters (correspondence)
Trade catalogs
Date:
1927-1980
Summary:
The papers relate to Johnson's work as an engineer with the National Sales Engineering Corporation Records, and its machine tool products.
Content Description:
The papers relate to Johnson's work as an engineer and salesman with the National Sales Engineering Corporation Records, and its machine tool products. They include Johnson's school records including exam blue books and notebooks; his credentials; client files and information, including quotes, invoices and correspondence; and trade literature for company products.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Eugene B. Johnson (October 18, 1915 - November 22, 2007) was a salesman in the tool and die manufacturing field. Spending much of his career as a salesman for the National Sales Engineering Corporation, Johnson rose to become the company's vice president by the time of his retirement.

https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/detroitnews/obituary.aspx?n=eugene-b-johnson&pid=182719095
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Identification cards  Search this
Machine-tool industry  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Invoices -- 20th century
Laboratory notes -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Trade catalogs -- 20th century
Citation:
Eugene B. Johnson Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1450
See more items in:
Eugene B. Johnson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1450

National Industrial Conservation Movement Posters Collection

Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
National Industrial Conservation Movement  Search this
Former owner:
Borkan, Gary A.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (13 posters)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Posters
Date:
1916-1917
Summary:
Posters produced for the national Association of manufacturers' National Industrial Conservation Movement campaign.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Historical:
The black-and-white posters (approxaimtely 19" x 25") were produced by the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM)for their National Industrial Conservation Movement campaign around 1918. The posters provide a window on the early work of the NAM, a key group in terms of business history. The posters communicate the NAM's desire to reduce government regulation of business and to mold a supportive work ethic amongst factory workers.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Princeton University Poster Collection, NMAH.AC.0433

Sheldon Claire Collection, NMAH.AC.0768

Pratt, Read Corporation Records, NMAH.AC.0320

Mr. and Mrs. F.F. Randolph Poster Collection, NMAH.AC.0876

Emanuel Gerard Collection of Mather and Company Employee Motivation Posters, NMAH.AC.0877

Materials in Other Divisions

Division of Work and Industry

Division of Political and Military History (now Division of Political and Military History)
Provenance:
Collection purchased in 2017.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Posters
Citation:
National Industrial Conservation Movement Posters, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1454
See more items in:
National Industrial Conservation Movement Posters Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1454

Hugo Worch Piano Photos

Former owner:
Worch, Hugo, 1855-  Search this
Extent:
40 Cubic feet (82 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Content Description:
The collection includes photographs of pianos and other keyboard instruments.
Biographical / Historical:
b Potsdam, Germany, Nov 15, 1855; d Washington, DC, Nov 14, 1938). American collector of and dealer in keyboard instruments. His father, Christian, had a music business in Trenton, New Jersey, from c1858 to 1861, and in Washington from 1863 to 1868 and again in 1883; Worch and his brother Emil took this over in 1883, and after Emil's death his widow and Hugo continued the business as Hugo Worch & Co. from 1884 until 1895. After 1895 the firm of Hugo Worch sold instruments (including pianos sold under the Worch name but manufactured elsewhere), sheet music, and, as tastes changed, phonographs, recordings, and radios. The firm went out of business in 1960 on the retirement of Hans Hugo Worch, who had bought it from his brother Carl and sister Paulina in 1954.

In the 1880s Worch began collecting keyboard instruments that showed the development of the American piano industry from the 1790s to 1850. Later he added to his collection examples of clavichords, harpsichords, and pianos by such European makers as Shudi, Ruckers, Stein, and Broadwood. From 1921 to 1938 he held the title of honorary custodian of musical instruments at the Smithsonian Institution. Absorbed with the history of the piano, he acquired a collection of nearly 200 instruments and over 2000 photographs showing details of keyboard construction. From 1914 his collection of keyboard instruments formed the nucleus of the keyboard collections at the Smithsonian. His library of over 3000 books relating to keyboard construction and 500 bound volumes of American sheet music was dispersed after World War II.

Source

Worch, Hugo. Oxford Music Online, Grove Music Online. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/grovemusic/view/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.001.0001/omo-9781561592630-e-1002219658 (accessed October 18, 2018)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquistion unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Keyboard instruments  Search this
pianos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints
Citation:
Hugo Worch Piano Photos, Archives Center, national Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1452
See more items in:
Hugo Worch Piano Photos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1452

Lili St. Cyr Papers

Creator:
St. Cyr, Lili,, 1917-1999  Search this
Former owner:
Tombers, Mathew  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (10 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Business records
Clippings
Color photographs
Correspondence
Financial records
Greeting cards
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals)
Manuscripts
Date:
1917-1999
Summary:
The collection measures about 3 cubic feet, dates from 1917 to 1999, and documents the life and career of the prominent burlesque stripteaser Lili St. Cyr. Found within the papers are personal financial documents; photographs of her family; her personal passport holder; publicity shots of Dardy Orlando and herself; correspondence with family and friends; business contracts; newspaper clippings and magazine articles, featuring and advertising her work; and biographical materials, including notes, drafts, contracts, photographs, a couple audio reels, a recorded interview with St. Cyr on 18 audio cassette tapes, and two biographies. The papers reflect Lili St. Cyr's personality as a performer and as a person.
Content Description:
The papers document the personal and professional life of the burlesque dancer Lili St. Cyr. They include collection includes photographs, publicity materials, correspondence, greeting cards, manuscript versions of a biography of St. Cyr co-authored by St. Cyr and Mathew Tombers, open reel audiotapes, audiocassettes of oral history interviews with St. Cyr, clippings, magazines, two biographies, financial records, legal records, business records, and her personal passport holder.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged in chronological order. Artifacts are housed in boxes 6 and 7. Audio cassette tapes are housed in box 9.

The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Publicity, 1941-1999

Series 2: Personal Papers, 1917-1980

Subseries 2.1: Financial RecordsPapers, 1954-1979

Subseries 2.2: Correspondence, 1956-1978

Subseries 2.3: Photographs of Family, 1917-1967

Subseries 2.4: Miscellaneous Materials, 1980

Series 3: Professional, 1963-1970

Series 4: Biographical Materials, 1968-2015
Biographical / Historical:
Lili St. Cyr was a prominent burlesque stripteaser of the 1940s and 1950s, deemed the most famous woman in Montreal during that period and billed as the "Anatomic Bomb" while performing at Ciro's Nightclub in Hollywood, in 1947. Accused of indecent, immoral, and offensive performances, St. Cyr was arrested several times throughout her career, most famously in 1951, during her act at Ciro's. The arrest made front pages of newspapers, and her case went to trial. She performed her act in the courtroom for the jury, and the charges were dropped, marking "a real victory for the profession."

St. Cyr was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1917. Her birth certificate read "Marie Klarquist." Lili was named after the woman she believed to be her mother (although actually her grandmother), Mariah Marie Curry Klarquist (aka "Maud"). Lili's biological parents were Maud's daughter Idella and a Dutchman who left shortly after Marie's birth, Edward Van Schaack. Upon realization of her true family tree, Marie Klarquist changed her last name to Van Schaack (occasionally respelt as "Van Schaak," "Van Chaack," or "Van Schaacht"), and she periodically added the first name "Willis," Lili St. Cyr also started referring to her biological grandmother as "Alice" and her biological mother as "Adelaide" or "Mom."

By the time Lili St. Cyr learned the truth about her family, her mother Idella had already remarried twice. In 1919, Idella married Louis Sherman Cornett, Jr., and together they had Betta Lee (or Bettie Lue, aka "Betty") and Louis "Jack" Cornett. In 1923, Idella married John Alfred "Ian" Blackadder, and they raised Idella Ruth Blackadder and Rosemary Blackadder. Both Blackadder daughters had successful careers in burlesque, going by the stage names Barbara Moffett (Idella) and Dardy Orlando (Rosemary). Barbara married the American toy maker and businessman Louis Marx in 1982, changing her name back to Idella, and they had five children--the eldest named Spencer. Dardy married the adopted son of the eldest Minsky's Burlesque brother Harold Minsky, and together they raised Danny and Ava.

St. Cyr never had children, but she did marry six times, and had numerous affairs throughout (particularly with a man named Jimmy Orlando in Montreal). She first married the racer Cordy Milne in 1937. Her second marriage was to Richard Hubert in 1941. She then married the actor Paul Valentine (aka "Val Valentinoff") in 1946, followed by her marriage to restauranteur Armando Orsini in 1950. She then married actor Ted Jordan in 1955 and special effects man Joseph Albert Zomar in 1959. Every marriage ended in divorce, the last having ended in 1964. It was around this time she met Donald Andrew Markick, a man seventeen years her junior who had served as a paratrooper toward the end of the Korean War. He dreamed of becoming a magician, so she took him under her wing, renaming him "Lorenzo Holmes." His family refused to call him by that name, and they disapproved of his relationship with Lili St. Cyr. Thus, he was kicked out of his house, and he moved in with Lili. He was with her for nearly thirty years. They never married, but she often introduced him as her husband, calling herself "Mrs. (Lili or Marie) Holmes."

By the 1970s, St. Cyr had retired, and she had opened her own lingerie line "The Undie World of Lili St. Cyr," selling garments similar to what she wore onstage. In her later years she was determined to keep herself hidden away with Lorenzo and her cats--Tiny, Bootsie, Tiger, Baby Bear, Little Two Shoes, Max, Big Boss, and Lee-Enze. In 1978, Lili, going by the name Marie Garrelick (the last name of her one-time neighbor, with whom she was staying), applied to rent an apartment from Mathew Tombers. After getting to know her, Tombers began helping Lili write her autobiography.

Lili St. Cyr died at the age of 80, on January 29, 1999, in Los Angeles, California.
Provenance:
Collection donated in 2017 by Mathew Tombers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Burlesque (Theater)  Search this
Striptease  Search this
Stripteasers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Black-and-white photographs
Business records
Clippings
Color photographs
Correspondence
Financial records
Greeting cards
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals)
Manuscripts
Citation:
Lili St. Cyr Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1451
See more items in:
Lili St. Cyr Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1451
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By