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The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Fort Hill House

Slide manufacturer:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Creator:
Wood, Willis D., Mrs  Search this
Matheson, William J.  Search this
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
New York (State) -- Huntington
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk County -- Huntington
Date:
01/06/1938
General:
Mount reads: "Edward Van Altena, 71-79 W. 45th St., N.Y.C."
Historic plate number: "209; III-18."
Historic plate caption: "Mrs. Willis D. Wood; 1938."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Gates  Search this
Walls, brick  Search this
Vines  Search this
Terra-cotta  Search this
Containers  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Canals  Search this
Thuja  Search this
Urns  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY100001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY100: Huntington -- Fort Hill House
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27722

Fort Hill House

Slide manufacturer:
Scott Studios  Search this
Creator:
Wood, Willis D., Mrs  Search this
Matheson, William J.  Search this
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
New York (State) -- Huntington
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk County -- Huntington
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Mount reads: "Scott Studio, 24 East 55th St., N.Y.C."
Historic plate number: "210; III-16."
Historic plate caption: "Mrs. Willis D. Wood."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Pergolas  Search this
Vines  Search this
Terraces (land forms)  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Flowerpots  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Benches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY100002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY100: Huntington -- Fort Hill House
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27723

Fort Hill House

Slide manufacturer:
Scott Studios  Search this
Creator:
Wood, Willis D., Mrs  Search this
Matheson, William J.  Search this
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
New York (State) -- Huntington
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk County -- Huntington
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Mount reads: "Scott Studio, 24 East 55th St., N.Y.C."
Historic plate number: "122."
Historic plate caption: "Mr. William J [text obscured] Rose Garden."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Standard  Search this
Pergolas  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY100003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY100: Huntington -- Fort Hill House
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27724

Portland -- A Plant Collector's Garden

Former owner:
McDonald, James Sir  Search this
McDonald, Anne Kerr Lady  Search this
Bates, John  Search this
Bates, Susan  Search this
Landscape architect:
Tucker, Ernest  Search this
Matschek, Clark  Search this
Lord & Schryver (Salem, Or.)  Search this
Architect:
Voorhis, Charles  Search this
Meyer, Ernest  Search this
Storrs, John  Search this
Landscape designer:
Matschek, Marsha  Search this
Head gardener:
Hahn, Conrad  Search this
Cole, Echo  Search this
Miner, Jay  Search this
Engineer:
Meigs, Gilbert  Search this
Garden designer:
Miner, Jay  Search this
Price, Withey  Search this
Galaher, Megan  Search this
Steel garden structures:
Schneikert, Martha  Search this
Tree pruning:
Buttrell, John  Search this
Thomas, Blake  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
A Plant Collector's Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a photocopy of an article, a printed description and plan of the garden.
Varying Form:
McDonald Garden, formerly known as.
General:
Since 1940 the gardens of this 1.75 acre property have been designed and filled with unusual specimen trees and flowering shrubs, then redesigned by a second owner equally committed to plant collecting who wanted to maintain the early gardens as much as possible. The initial design included a broad brick terrace behind the house that overlooked a sweeping lawn bordered by beds containing perennials, shrubs and trees. A rock garden marked the transition from the cultivated gardens to a native woodlands on the steep slope to the Willamette River. Behind the brick wall along the street there was a hedge of arborvitae and rhododendron had been planted along the brick wall at the far end of the terrace. A glass and brick gazebo stood in the front courtyard, topped with a hummingbird weather vane by sculptor Keith Jellum. When the property changed hands in 2002 all these features were changed too: the overgrown arborvitae were replaced with large-leafed boxwood, too tall rhododendron that blocked the view from the house were relocated, the crumbling gazebo was removed, and the hummingbird weathervane was mounted on a stand in an island bed of seasonal plantings where it can spin with the wind. The mature specimen trees including paper bark maple, Ponderosa pine, several varieties of magnolia, Garry oak, dawn redwood and a wheel tree remained but new beds were designed and planted with hellebores, hosta, fuchsias, clematis, rhododendrons, peonies, dwarf conifers and arum varieties. A new shade garden called the grotto replaced failing grass, a new green house and four bin composting center were built. The rock garden was augmented with steps and additional plantings, and wide gravel paths were laid for touring as well as working in the perennials beds that border the lawn.
Originally the 1.3 acres that were cultivated were conceived as parkland and featured rare plant material. A garden room in a warmer microclimate known as the Chilean garden was kept and included a windmill palm, swamp cypress and other semi-tropical plants; a crepe myrtle and pomegranate were espaliered on the garage wall along one side. Three copper bowl fountains of Greco-Roman design placed in the front and side courtyards were connected to a recirculating water pump in the basement of the house. The brick walls surrounding the terrace were perforated, a signature design of the original landscape architects Elizabeth Lord and Edith Schryver and the gazebo built on a curved brick wall in the front court was a stand-out feature. The parkland was planted so there would be open views from the house and terrace of Mount Saint Helens and the Willamette River.
Persons associated with the property include Sir James and Lady McDonald (former owners, 1940-2002); Susan and John Bates (former owners, 2002-2015); Elizabeth Lord (1887-1976) and Edith Schryver (1901-1984) (landscape architects, 1940); Ernest Tucker (landscape architect, 1977); Marsha Matschek (landscape designer, 1975- );Clark Matschek (landscape architect, 1996); Conrad Hahn (head gardener, 1950); Ernest Meyer (architect, 1942); Charles Voorhis (architect, 1977); John Storrs (architect, 1960); Echo Cole (head gardener, 1996- ); Gilbert Meigs (engineer, 1978); Jay Wesley Miner (garden designer and head gardener, 2006- ); Withey Price (garden design, 2004); Megan Galaher (garden designer, 2014); Martha Schneikert (steel garden structures, 2006); John Buttrell (tree pruning, 2006- ); Blake Thomas (tree pruning, 2006- ).
Related Materials:
A Plant Collector's Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (17 35 mm. slides; 49 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR034
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10137

Portland -- Teasdale Garden

Landscape architect:
Bainnson, Brian  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Teasdale Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and feature plans.
General:
Located on one-third acre, the Teasdale Garden fills a wedge-shaped corner lot comprised of lush plantings, garden sculpture, entertaining and sports areas, a koi pond and a rockery with a waterfall. The garden was redesigned in 1996 with the assistance of landscape architect Brian Bainnson. Prior to the re-design, the 1924 property included a rock retaining wall, a concrete reflecting pool, a mature tulip tree, overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel. The brick path to the front door was only two feet wide and there was little to indicate where the front door was located. Major improvements were made including creating garden rooms on different levels with painted cedar fences establishing boundaries. New brickwork added a dining deck next to the house, enlarged existing patios and widened the front walk, and with the addition of steps and another patio turned an original concrete reflecting pool into a garden room with a water garden stocked with koi. After overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel were removed a quatrefoil knot garden was installed and planted with roses. Topiary trees, columns, obelisks, gazing globes, and many pieces of sculpture by artists Jill Toberson and Marta Farris add wit and definition to the garden rooms.
A small adjacent property previously owned by the city of Portland was annexed and now is a vegetable garden planted in raised beds. There are plans to add chickens and a chicken coop
Persons associated with the garden include Harry F., William H., and Imogene R. Morrow (former owners, 1934-1981); Sherry and Douglas Fir Woods (former owners, 1983-1991); Mark and Gay Santos (former owners, 1991-1996); Brian Bainnson ASLA (landscape architect); Tarek Ghebllawi (garden pruning); Jill Torberson (garden sculpture); Marta Farris (garden sculpture).
Related Materials:
Teasdale Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (15 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR049
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10145

Portland -- Josselyn Garden

Architect:
Graham, Rod  Search this
Landscape architect:
Kiest, Craig  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Josselyn Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
A 1922 Tudor-style house with three acres, listed on the National Historic Register, required extensive renovation by the current owners to preserve the original craftsmanship. The grounds were in need of reconditioning as well, including an original Japanese garden whose pond had to be re-dug, rocks repositioned, and plantings restored with more than 40 different Japanese maple trees. Landscape architect Craig Kiest's (ASLA) plan includes garden rooms, paths and hardscape, described by the owner as a classic design that features their plant collections. A circular driveway in front of the house surrounds a boxwood knot garden punctuated with container plantings. The uphill walk to the garden runs along a wall with espaliered camellias and is overlooked by a balcony for viewing the knot garden that has a wrought iron railing assembled from old gates found on the property. A serpentine rose border with more than one hundred plants is a colorful connector along the back driveway between the house and garage. An orchard, perennial bed, soccer field and upper lawn are arrayed between the house and the streets that border this corner lot.
Several bluestone terraces with stone steps and balustrades accommodate the terrain behind the house and lead to a formal garden that is on an axis with the dining room. A pergola planted with wisteria japonica crosses the entrance to the formal garden. In this garden surrounded by a hedge of holly there are boxwood parterres centered by a circular patch of lawn with an enormous restored stone planter with white Iceland roses and white alyssum in the summer. Large cast iron planters on bluestone platforms contain Japanese maples. The formal garden terminates in a seating area backed by a semi-circle of four columns and an old planting of English holly. Other features include a grotto with granite semi-circular steps and a grindstone, a wall fountain with a bronze frog, and an Italianate cobblestone patio with beds of hydrangea. Frogs and dragonflies are recurring motifs in the iron hardware on the buildings and in garden ornaments. Flowering vines and container gardens, climbing roses, and a rose and wild geranium parterre add color to the vigorous greenery that grows in this favorable climate.
The Japanese garden features the colorful Japanese maple tree collection and a pond stocked with koi. Additional trees from the earlier garden include copper beech, gingko, and Japanese umbrella pine. There is a raised vegetable garden for berries, grapes, pumpkins and artichokes with a custom made wooden fence, and wooded areas underplanted with hosta and other shade-tolerant perennials. A large lawn bisecting these forests leads to a rectangular reflecting pool with a colonnade that was found buried in an old laurel hedge on the property and restored.
Persons associated with the garden include Percy Smith family (former owners, 1922-1994); Craig Kiest, ASLA (landscape architect, 1997-1999); Dave Sexton (gardener, 1999-present)
Related Materials:
Josselyn Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (26 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR050
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10146

Newport -- Wildacre

Former owner:
Olmsted, Albert H.  Search this
Greeley, Howard  Search this
Bennett, Thomas  Search this
Newlin, Lilian  Search this
Fissell, Ethel  Search this
Claggett, C. Thomas  Search this
Bove, Maria  Search this
Bove, Michael III  Search this
de Savary, Peter  Search this
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Garden designer:
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Architect:
Gill, Irving, 1870-1936  Search this
Spencer, Madison  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, Frederick Law, Jr., 1870-1957  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903  Search this
Gardener:
Quarry, Dave  Search this
Landscape designer:
Flanagan, Mary Ellen  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wildacre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, oversize photocopies of original plans, images, and articles.
General:
The Olmsted Brothers' 1901 design for the one-acre gardens within a seven-acre seaside property exemplified the great interest in Japonism at that time, featuring a koi pond, tea shelter, and thatch roofed parasols. The landscape design complemented California architect Irving John Gill's 1902 house, described as an Arts & Crafts variation on the New England shingle style with oriental features. The site is a rocky outcropping above a salt water cove and the gardens highlighted natural features such as rocky outcroppings while preserving the wild character of the location. Wildacre, also known as the Japanese garden, was designed as a strolling garden with both open views of the ocean and composed garden rooms. Nearly 100 years later the garden was rejuvenated with reference to the original Olmsted plans and drawings.
The restoration included planting replacement specimen trees and adding a mixed layer of deciduous and evergreen trees as a privacy barrier along the road since the property had been reduced to 2.5 acres. A dense privet hedge clipped to resemble waves that acts as a buffer against the ocean was restored, and a gravel bocce court was installed nearby. Mostly white flowering trees, shrubs, bulbs and perennials were included in the predominantly green planting scheme. Gardens include the Japanese-themed entrance garden with a momi fir planted by Olmsted, a new Zen garden, a wisteria-covered tea shelter and surrounding garden, a pond garden, iris garden, peony garden, mountain garden and mountain top built from local rock. Many varieties of hosta, ferns, ornamental grasses, succulents, mosses, azaleas and conifers were planted throughout the property.
Persons associated with the garden include Albert H. Olmsted (1842-1929) (former owner, 1901- ); Howard Greeley (former owner, 1924- ); Thomas Bennett (former owner, 1929- ); Lilian Newlin (former owner, 1932- ); Ethel Fissell (former owner, 1935- ); C. Thomas Claggett (former owner, 1945- ); Maria Bove (former owner, 1953- ); Michael Bove III (former owner, 1982- ); Peter de Savary (former owner, 1997- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (former owner, 1998- ); Irving John Gill (1870-1936) (architect, 1902); Madison Spencer (restoration architect, 1998); Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (1870-1957) (landscape architect, 1902); Dave Quarry (head gardener, 1998-2013); Mary Ellen Flanagan (landscape designer, 1998- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (garden designer, 1998-2013).
See also 35mm copy of 1919 postcard in the Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection. Image number RI091004.
Related Materials:
Wildacre related holdings consist of 3 folders (4 35mm slides; 20 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 02221, A. H. Olmsted.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI091
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10570

Newport -- Untitled Garden

Former owner:
James, Arthur Curtiss, M/M  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of New Haven  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Beacon Hill (Newport, Rhode Island)
Untitled Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- New Port County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and other information.
Varying Form:
Beacon Hill, formerly part of.
General:
One of four parcels of land that previously made up the Beacon Hill estate. Features from the original property include the wall fountain, the semi-circular pergola, and the area of the original rose garden including a terrace and oval pool. The garden is the north section of the rose garden of the original Beacon Hill estate of Arthur Curtiss James.
See also Beacon Hill (RI035000).
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James (former owners, 1910-1941); James Foundation of New York (former owner, 1942-1951); Roman Catholic Diocese of Rhode Island (former owner, 1951-1973); Brainerd Snelling Trustees, James Trust (former owner, 1973-1978); Castle Hill Construction (former owner?, 1978-1981); Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects (landscape architects, 1921-).
Related Materials:
Untitled Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 35mm slides (photographs))
Historic photographs and site plans are located at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site in Brookline, Massachusetts.
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03558, Arthur Curtiss James.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI159
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10572

Newport -- Parterre

Former owner:
Belmont, August, 1813-1890  Search this
McLean, Evalyn Walsh, 1886-1947  Search this
Van Clief, Ray, d. 1945  Search this
Monroe, J. Edgar, 1897-1991  Search this
Gobb, Ray  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Architect:
Bissinger, Frederick L. Jr  Search this
Landscape designer:
Purviance, Virginia Pepper  Search this
Toland, Julia Rush  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Parterre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, write-ups of the property's history, a write-up of plans and inspiration for the garden, and an invoice for the original installation of the garden.
General:
Parterre comprises three acres of the former Belmont estate in Newport, Rhode Island, which had been maintained as parkland since the demolition of By-the-Sea in 1944. Mature trees were left in place, fronting the Normandy manor house designed by architect Frederick L Bissinger, and distinct formal garden rooms were installed by horticulturalist Virginia P. Purviance and landscape architect Julia R. Toland. The garden rooms are described as winter, black and white, potager, woodland and cutting, which provides material for the owner's award-winning floral designs. Specimen trees were planted as understory to the mature trees, and to soften the transitions between the different areas of the estate. The owner took inspiration from the elegant and understated garden designs of Russell Page (1906-1985) and the innovative and rule breaking style of Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932).
The black and white garden was originally conceived as a green and white garden, to be planted in shades of white, green and copper. Darker plant materials were introduced later. An orangerie is used for entertaining small parties, while large parties are held under a tent on the back lawn. The cutting garden beds are situated near the service area on the estate for convenience. The winter garden next to the house has a reflecting pool as well as hedges and Versailles containers and a dovecote in one corner. The shady woodland garden has a fall flame border planted with Japanese maple and a developing moss garden.
Persons associated with the garden include August Belmont (former owner, 1860-1924); Evalyn Walsh McLean (former owner, 1924-1944); Ray Van Clief (former owner, 1944-1947); J. Edgar Monroe (former owner, 1947-1971); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1971-1986); Ray Gobb (former owner, 1986-1994); George Champlin Mason (architect of "By-the Sea", previous residence on property which was demolished in 1944); Frederick L. Bissinger, Jr. (architect, F. L. Bissinger, Inc., dates unknown); Virginia Pepper Purviance (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1999) and Julia Rush Toland of Toland Landscape Design (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1998?).
Related Materials:
Parterre related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm. reference slides and 22 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI166
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10573
Online Media:

Newport -- The Whim

Landscape architect:
Thayer, Raymond  Search this
Gardener:
Brown, T. J.  Search this
Brown, Timothy  Search this
Ford, Jerica  Search this
Property manager:
Baptista, Anne  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Whim (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles, historic photographs, and landscape architect's plans, transcripts of interviews, and other information.
General:
The Whim is a seaside New England garden comprised of flower and shrub borders and a sunken quadrangle planted along the foundation walls of demolished greenhouses, with follies, sculptures, steps to the ocean planted with lavender, and swaths of lawn. The walls and privet hedges trimmed to calibrated heights protect the flowers from the salt spray and winds off the ocean while not blocking the view. The 3.4 acre property has other garden areas surrounding the lawns, including a border of bright blue Nikko hydrangeas that are fed aluminum sulfate, a crabapple border, a shed draped with a climbing rose, a secret garden with kousa dogwood and viburnum, and a shady garden walk alongside the house. Garden areas are named for the animal and other sculptures that are featured, including a heron by Walter Matia in the heron quadrangle, eagles at the head of the eagle borders, and rabbits copied from the ones that were at Chateau-sur-Mer, a Newport mansion.
This property was once part of a larger property that had gardens designed by Beatrix Farrand for her aunt, the author Edith Wharton. The Evangeline climbing rose that covers the tool shed was transplanted from the Wharton garden many years ago, and renamed the Miss Newport rose by the owner. Friends and associates have contributed design ideas and artifacts to this garden: the mushroom shaped garden furniture once belonged to a friend, the gazebo was purchased and installed by one of the gardeners, and the steps were fabricated from discarded Newport curbing.
Persons associated with the garden include Raymond Thayer, (landscape architect, 1968-present); T. J. Brown and Timothy Brown, (gardeners, 1952-present); Anne Baptista (property manager, 1989-present); and Jerica Ford (gardener, 2007-present).
Related Materials:
The Whim related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI174
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10574

Newport -- Warren House-Tunnard Garden

Former owner:
Tanner Family  Search this
Gardner, Samuel F.  Search this
Lawton, Robert  Search this
Lawton, Penelope  Search this
Austin, Samuel Reverend  Search this
Henderson, Francis  Search this
Brinley, Fanny S.  Search this
Lawrence, Sallie C.  Search this
Paul, Allen G.  Search this
Paul, Florence S.  Search this
Warren, George  Search this
Warren, Katherine Urquhart  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Gardener:
Pleitez, Eusebio  Search this
Landscape designer:
Tunnard, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles.
General:
This Modernist garden was created right after World War II, designed by Christopher Tunnard. It still survives today, perhaps the only existing commissioned landscape design by the man who influenced many of the United States most celebrated postwar architects and landscape architects. At only 65' x 42', the garden has an extreme austerity in design with a hint of luxury in its fountains, thick hedges and sculpture. The plants are cut and trimmed into an ordained shape, and the pattern is designed to be seen from the ground, where its curves interlock and turn back on themselves. Only two kinds of trees are used - lime (Tilia) and arbor vitae (Thuja); and three kinds of permanent plants - ivy (Hedera), box (Buxus) and yew (Taxus). The lime trees will eventually be pleached into an architectural block to throw the ground pattern into even greater contrast. The ivy is in slightly raised mounds, edged in places with small summer flowers. The bedding plants are purple and white petunias with carnations and lemon-yellow thunbergias." The sculpture, 'Chimerical Font,' by Jean Arp, is golden bronze centered on a plinth in a black lacquered rectangular pool. The other pools (two circular, one biomorphic) are shallow and painted white. Of note are the unusual shapes of the pruned boxwoods in the shapes of question marks and semi-colons; the colorful flowers; and the 6th linden along the left and end wall, now covered in Boston ivy, and originally painted white to complete a design that very much relied on strong figure-ground relationship.
Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979) was born in Canada, moved to England in 1929 and received a diploma from the Royal Horticultural Society the following year. The period of the eclectic Arts and Crafts movement (which he characterized as "romantic trivialization" of garden design) prompted him to introduce his Modernist views of landscape design. This approach avoided decoration, sentimentality and classical allusion "in favor of functional minimalist designs that provided a friendly and hospitable milieu for rest and recreation." After 10 years practicing garden and landscape work, he immigrated to America at the invitation of Walter Gropius to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (1938-1943). Following the War, Tunnard taught city planning at Yale, advancing to professor and chairman of this department; he did little garden design from that point forward, making this 1949 garden probably one of his last commissions. For the final thirty years of his life, Tunnard put his energies into urban planning and the preservation of historic buildings; his publications in this area include "Man-made America: Chaos or Control?" (1963) which won the 1964 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion. It is perhaps ironic that Christopher Tunnard ended up of very much the same sentiment as his American patron, Mrs. George W. (Katherine) Warren, founder of the Preservation Society of Newport County (1945). In "Pioneers of American Landscape Design," (2000), Lance Neckar notes that "by the time of his death, he had come full circle to be identified with conservation-and-preservation-oriented attributes toward city revitalization which were antithetical to the Modern movement" that Tunnard had originally espoused.
Tunnard's patrons, George and Katherine Warren, who purchased the property on Mill Street in 1933, chose a part of Newport that was then considered "the other side of the tracks" by their social set, most of whom resided out on Ocean Drive. In New York, where the couple lived "off season," Katherine Warren collected modern art and was on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art. Interesting to note that the garden was commissioned in 1949 and distinguished by its functional, minimalist modern design in sharp contrast with its early Federal-style house. The Warrens also added two glass-enclosed rooms on the first and second floors of their home on the garden side, presumably to enjoy this new garden to its full extent. Mrs. Warren died in 1976, bequeathing her home to the Preservation Society of Newport County, which moved its offices to this location in 1977. While the Preservation Society of Newport County owned the property, the garden was heavily shaded by a large beech tree and had become overgrown. It was maintained as they found it without major renovation. The current owner moved into the Mill Street house in 1994 and restored the Tunnard garden in 2001 and has proven to be a conscientious caretaker of this rare, nationally significant garden.
Persons associated with the garden include Tanner Family (former owners, 1776-1807); Samuel F. Gardner (former owner, 1807-1809); Robert Lawton (former owner, 1809-1810); Penelope Lawton (former owner, 1810-1822); Reverend Samuel Austin (former owner, 1822-1826); Francis Henderson (former owner, 1826-1857); Fanny S. Brinley (former owner, 1857-1863); Sallie C. Lawrence (former owner, 1863-1886); Allen G. Paul (former owner, 1886-1916); Florence S. Paul (former owner, 1916-1932); George and Katherine Warren (former owners, 1932-1977); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1977-1994); Christopher Tunnard (landscape designer, 1949); Eusebio Pleitez (gardener, 2001- ).
Related Materials:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 digital images)
Additional photographs are also located in the collections of the Preservation Society of Newport County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI201
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10575

South Kingstown -- Croftmere Garden

Former owner:
Cocroft Family  Search this
Architect:
Sheldon, Walter G., 1855-1931  Search this
Landscape architect:
Smith, Sibley Coslett  Search this
Garden installation:
Whaley, Carder  Search this
Restoration garden designer:
Lapin, Linda  Search this
Gardener:
McCloskey, Brenda  Search this
Fence restoration:
McCluster, Glen  Search this
Provenance:
South County Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Croftmere Garden (South Kingstown, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Washington County -- South Kingston -- Matunuck
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of original plants lists and orders.
General:
Croftmere's sunken garden has been restored to the Arts & Crafts style designed in 1915 by landscape architect Sibley C. Smith. Adjacent to the 1906 wood shingle-style house the 44 by 74 feet garden room is part of an eight acre property that was part of a larger tract divided in the early 1900s among family members. The sunken garden is entered by descending three rough cut granite steps and surrounded on three sides by crisscross cedar fencing set on stone walls and supported by rough stone columns. At the far end of the garden room steps lead to a stone pergola draped with roses and wisteria. Small millstones are used for tables and a large one is sited on the grass terrace between the house and garden. A rectangular stone-lined lily pond with its original fountain is in the center of the garden room and deep beds of perennial flowers have been planted between the fences and the lawn as part of the restoration. Trimmed boxwood and viburnum, clematis and roses grow on the terrace and on an arbor alongside the house.
Persons associated with the garden include members of the Cocroft family since 1906; Walter G. Sheldon (1855-1931) (architect, 1906); Sibley C. Smith, ASLA (landscape architect, 1915); Carder Whaley (garden installation, 1916); Linda Lapin (restoration garden designer, 2000); Brenda McCloskey (gardener, 2005- ); Glen McCluster (fence restoration, 2015).
Related Materials:
Croftmere Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (8 35mm slides; 35 digital images; 4 reference prints)
See others in:
Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- South Kingstown  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI149
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10580

Knoxville -- Siler Garden

Developer:
Ferrell, E. V.  Search this
Landscaper:
Coker, Gordon  Search this
Landscape architect:
Thurman, Jenny  Search this
Provenance:
Knoxville Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Siler Garden (Knoxville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Knox -- Knoxville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and other documentation.
General:
The 1935 residence was part of a subdivision developed by E. V. Ferrell starting in 1924 and advertised as a "utopian getaway." There were beautiful old azaleas on the 1.52 acre property when the current owners acquired the property in 1983, but those azaleas died in a hard freeze two years later. Over the next three decades the three vernacular gardens they installed have created the utopian getaway envisioned by the original developer. The front yard garden is a parkland with mature trees and shrubs, lawn, and swathes of liriope and Lenten rose with a pierced brick wall draped with ivy alongside the driveway. Along the house there are foundation plantings set off by a low brick wall with ornamental iron fencing. Behind the house the lawn is bisected by the pool plaza, with the garage at one end, an outdoor room for entertaining at the other end, and a pergola on the far side. A perennial border and planted squares add color to the hardscape surrounding the pool. A semi-circular slate deck overlooks a hillside garden that is known as the real garden with wide stone stairs leading through lush and colorful plantings to woodlands at the base of the property. That deck serves as the roof of the semi-circular garden shed, built from blocks and covered with stucco to look like a grotto tucked into the slope. The real garden area was a wasteland of overgrown vines, weeds, invasive plants, rotten landscape timbers and debris, and was tackled in ten to fifteen foot sections each year. Each stone in the retaining walls was laid by hand; a pond was tried out in three different locations. Some of the plants came from earlier family gardens, and there is an historic tree in the front yard.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. N.E. Logan (former owners until 1929); Mrs. Edna Taylor Briscoe (former owner, 1929-1955); Mr. and Mrs. William Ernest Briscoe (former owners, 1955-1962); Mr. and Mrs. Rodman Townsend (former owners, 1962-1983); Gordon Coker (landscaper, 1993-2000); and Jenny Thurman (landscape architect, 2007).
Related Materials:
Siler Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (28 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Knoxville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN086
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10924

Lookout Mountain -- Jane's Garden

Landscape architect:
Stewart, Jimmy  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Jane's Garden (Lookout Mountain, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Hamilton County -- Lookout Mountain
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, plant lists, photocopies of articles, and other information about Jane Davenport Jansen.
General:
Jane's Garden is named for the late Jane Davenport Jansen (1940-2000), a native of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee and the founder of Quarryhill Botanical Garden in Glen Ellen, California, a site that preserves and conserves rare plants collected in Asia as well as native flora. The 200 by 50 foot corner lot in her hometown that had been an eyesore with an abandoned house is now a public strolling garden with a concrete walking path, water fountain, raised garden beds with rockwork, a wall for sitting, and a shady gazebo. Garden designer Jimmy Stewart was employed to create the garden, working with members of Lookout Mountain Beautification. The plants in Jane's Garden include specimen Japanese maple trees and Chinese fringe trees, flowering and woody shrubs including varieties of hydrangea, cypress, juniper, rhododendron and spiraea, and perennial flowers and ground covers. The garden was planned to be interesting to visit year-round, with plants that are appropriate to the climate, disease and insect resistant, and relatively easy to maintain.
Jane Davenport Jansen was an honorary member of the Garden Club of America and received many honors and awards for her botanical and horticultural work. Jansen was a sponsor of 15 seed collecting expeditions to Asia that brought back many species of temperate zone trees, shrubs and herbaceous perennials that can be found in arboreta and botanical gardens in the United States as well as in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and at the Howick Arboretum in England.
Persons associated with the garden include Geraldine and Norman Morrow (former owners, 1945-1999); Rodolph and Elizabeth Davenport (former owners, 1999-2003); Town of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee (owner since July 2003); Jimmy Stewart (garden designer, since 1999); Susan Bradley (Lookout Mountain Beautification, 1999-2009); May Mitchell (Lookout Mountain Beautification, 2010-present)
Related Materials:
Jane's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35mm slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN077
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10928
Online Media:

Knoxville -- Bonny and David Martin Garden

Architect:
McGehee, David  Search this
Garden designer:
Oki, Ben  Search this
Former owner:
Turley, Dabney  Search this
Landscape architect:
Moody, Duke  Search this
Hager, William P.  Search this
Provenance:
Memphis Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Bonny and David Martin Garden (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, detailed information about the garden's plants, photocopies of articles about the garden, background details from and about the owners, and additional information.
General:
A Japanese-style house and garden were built on this one and one-half acre property by a previous owner circa 1960, with the assistance of landscape architect William P. Hager, who unified three adjoining lots. The current owners added an extensive collection of bonsai and a bonsai house for winter storage, a rose garden in raised brick beds, and numerous decorative features from Japan, including a sake table and stools. Bonsai master and landscape designer Ben Oki designed a rock garden at the entrance to the house, placed enormous boulders moved from the owners' previous property, and also pruned and reshaped full-sized trees to complement the Japanese design. Noting that traditional Japanese gardens are comprised of water, greenery and rocks, the owner built her rose garden in a separate area beyond the swimming pool.
The property also has a hexagonal-shaped teahouse with a pagoda roof, a water garden and koi pond, a terraced garden with a reflecting pool, a moss garden, a swimming pool and pool house, and greenhouses for raising orchids and tropical ornamental plants. The bonsai house maintains the collection of at least 200 plants during the winter at 40 degrees. All the structures, including the house, pool house and carport, have Japanese design elements, such as shoji screens.
Following Japanese tradition hard surfaces, such as the stone shrine and paved walkways, are softened by surrounding plantings of ferns and trees, including Japanese maple and weeping varieties. Bonsai trees and shrubs are placed around the property and on tall stumps left from trees that were removed. Garden sculpture from Japan and a stone shrine are other features.
Materials documenting this garden in 1972 were submitted to the Archives of American Gardens as part of the Hollerith Family slide collection. It was also documented in 1987 and included as part of a 1992 donation to the Archives of American Gardens from the Garden Club of America. An additional submission of garden documentation was provided in 2009, as the Bonny and David Martin Garden.
Persons associated with the garden include William P. Hager (landscape architect, 1960s?); Duke Moody (landscape architect); EAML Architects? (greenhouse architect); David McGehee (architect, 1968-1969); Ben Oki (Bonsai master and garden designer, 2003-2009) and Dabney Turley (former owner, 1998-2003).
Related Materials:
Bonny and David Martin Garden related holdings consist of 3 folders (38 35 mm. slides (photographs))
See others in:
Hollerith Family Slide Collection, ca. 1952-1998.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Japanese gardens  Search this
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10930

Memphis -- Bickie McDonnell Garden

Landscape architect:
Pellet, Tom  Search this
Architect:
Menzer, Oscar  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Bickie McDonnell Garden (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, detailed information about the garden's plants, photocopies of articles about the garden, background details from and about the owners, and additional information.
General:
Located on three acres in Memphis, Tennessee, the Bickie McDonnell Garden is comprised of a main lawn, herbaceous border, formal rose and pool gardens, vegetable garden, and upper and lower woodland gardens. Before the house was built or any planting could begin the site was cleared of overgrown privet and mulberry vines, only the white oak and hickory trees were left in place. In 1980 Memphis artist and landscape designer Tom Pellett working with the owner initiated a plan for the property that emphasized the dramatic vistas and discreet gardens. More than just one large garden, the owner has created a series of gardens that merge seemlessly one to the next. Native varieties of wildflowers, trees and shrubs are featured, and river rocks, boulders, old cobblestones and bricks gathered in the region were repurposed as structural elements of the garden.
Dramatic vistas define this garden. Pea gravel and brick walkways, stone paths, and a dry creek bed lead from vista to vista. Hardwood trees, indigenous to the area and the most striking characteristic of the landscape, provide structure and frame long views. Several sculptures are featured in garden rooms, as well as Corinthian columns. A dry creek bed spanned by a wooden bridge is filled with fieldstone and boulders from Arkansas. The main garden paths are comprised of pea gravel edged in brick, with a brick walkway to access the formal rose garden and gazebo.
Persons associated with the garden include Tom Pellett (landscape designer, 1980-present); Jasper Jones (gardener, 1980-present); Oscar Menzev (architect, date unknown).
Related Materials:
Bickie McDonnell Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (32 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN031
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10932

Nashville -- Wilson Garden

Former owner:
Wilson, David K., 1919-2007  Search this
Wilson, Anne Potter, d. 1986  Search this
Landscape architect:
Thomas D. Church and Associates  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wilson Garden (Nashville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Davidson County -- Nashville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a short biography of the former property owner, and other information.
General:
Designed around 1966 by Thomas D. Church and Associates, this garden in a wooded setting provided an atmosphere for reflection on and appreciation of its surroundings. Stone walls, terraces, and walkways defined spaces at the front and back of the house as well as the pool area. This hardscaping was complemented by sculpture, green lawns, and seasonal plantings of bulbs, flowering shrubs, and similarly colorful accents. The overall impression was one of openness and simplicity. The property was designated as an arboretum by the Nashville Tree Foundation in 1988.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include Thomas D. Church and Associates (landscape architects, 1966) and David K. and Anne Potter Wilson (former owners).
Related Materials:
Wilson Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Nashville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN048
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10957

Nashville -- The Mr. and Mrs. Walter M. Robinson Jr. Garden

Architect:
Asmus, Christian A.  Search this
Clark, Richard R.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Page, Ben  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Nashville  Search this
Garden Club of Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Mr. and Mrs. Walter M. Robinson Jr. Garden (Nashville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Davidson -- Nashville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information.
General:
The garden and residence of Mr. and Mrs. Walter M. Robinson represents one of the first "Country Place Era" gardens in Nashville. The Neoclassical home, designed by architects A. Christian Asmus and Richard R. Clark, was built in 1929 by F.J. McCarthy and his wife Mary Byrd McCarthy. When the current owners assumed ownership of the property in 1987, the garden areas near the house were primarily lawns surrounded by towering boxwood hedges, formal and static in design. With the desire to allow more light into the Neoclassical style house as well as to create terraces to accommodate an eight foot change in elevation and a garden room for a swimming pool, the owners turned to their sons-in-law, landscape architect Ben Page (ASLA) and architect Stephen P. Rick (AIA) to renovate the property. The four garden rooms that were designed are arranged laterally alongside and below the house with surrounding high walls and interior low walls. A pre-existing 50-foot antique wrought iron fence and a pergola built on massive piers were incorporated into the design and separate the garden rooms from the natural garden that comprises the rest of the property. The first room is a large terrace that can be tented for special events, with steps down to a more intimate sunken terrace for family use, followed by more steps to a formal parterre rose garden with a pool and fountain in the middle and pear trees espaliered against one wall, and lastly a landscaped pool and new pool house converted from a three car garage with cutting and vegetable gardens nearby. A door in the garden wall closes off the swimming area when it is out of season.
This garden features plant material and hardscape with provenance, starting with the Seven Sisters climbing roses that were transplanted from another family property in the 1930s. Peonies planted by the current owner's mother still thrive below the pool house and border the cutting and vegetable gardens. The antique wrought iron fence was salvaged from another Nashville property and bricks used for the walks once comprised East Nashville sidewalks laid in the late 1800s. A Charlie Hunt sculpture "Dove of Peace" was carved from a foundation stone salvaged from an East Nashville church, Saint Ann's Episcopal (1882-1998). Native limestone and Tennessee Crab Orchard stone are local materials used for the walls and terraces.
In early spring a row of Yoshino cherry trees blooms along one side of a brick walkway just inside the high limestone wall with tulips blooming on the other side. Pansies and tulips surround the fountain in the rose garden for early color. In summer Annabelle hydrangeas border the swimming pool, and perennial flower beds come into bloom.
The gardens on the estate provide ample opportunities for a wide variety of social, civic and charitable events. One such event was the 1993 Swan Ball Patron's Party for the benefit of Cheekwood Botanical Barden and Museum of Art. The current owner has also hosted a series of literary salons to benefit the Nashville Public Library. Numerous local non-profits have benefited from fundraisers and garden tours hosted at the estate.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. F.J. and Mary Byrd McCarthy (former owners, 1929-1931); Mr. Edwin Wilson Craig and Elizabeth Wade Craig (former owners, 1931-1987); Christian A. Asmus and Richard R Clark (architects, 1929-1939); Ben Page, ASLA (landscape architect, 1988-1990); Stephen P. Rick (architect, 1988-1990); William Ralston (sculptor); Charlie Hunt (sculptor); Pink Ray (groundskeeper, 1931-1958); Mark Owen (groundskeeper, 1948-1971); Roy Goddard (groundskeeper, 1972-1981); Malcolm Campbell (grounds manager, 1981-1990); Norman David Pugh (grounds manager, 1990-present); Michele Webber (gardener, 2010-present).
Related Materials:
The Mr. and Mrs. Walter M. Robinson Jr. Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (69 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Nashville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN076
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10964

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mr.  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.

Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

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