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Akron -- Harbel Manor

Former owner:
Firestone, Harvey S., 1898-1973  Search this
Architect:
Harpster & Bliss  Search this
Trowbridge & Akerman  Search this
Landscape architect:
DeForest, Alling Stephen  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Ohio -- Summit County -- Akron
Harbel Manor (Akron, Ohio)
General:
001: 10849 Firestone Residence, Akron, Ohio. Postcard cira 1901-1945.

002: 3 H. S. Firestone Residence and Italian Gardens, Akron, Ohio. 80673. Postcard circa 1915-1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Akron  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Garden walks  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Climbing plants  Search this
Tudor Revival  Search this
Italian gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File OH190
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1686

Akron -- Stan Hywet Hall & Gardens

Former owner:
Seiberling, Frank A., 1908-1990  Search this
Architect:
Schneider, Charles S.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Manning, Warren H.  Search this
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Stan Hywett Hall & Gardens (Akron, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Summit County -- Akron
Varying Form:
Also known as the Frank A. Seiberling House.
General:
Postcard circa 1915-1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Akron  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Garden walks  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Climbing plants  Search this
Boulders  Search this
Hillside planting  Search this
Willows  Search this
Rockwork  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File OH029
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1687

Cleveland -- Forest Hill

Former owner:
Rockefeller, John D.  Search this
Rockefeller, John D., Jr  Search this
Landscape architect:
Taylor, A. D.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
4 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Ohio -- Cuyahoga County -- Cleveland
Forest Hill (Cleveland, Ohio)
General:
001: J.D. Rockefeller's Residence, Cleveland, 10673. Postcard circa 1901-1915.

002: Forest Hill, John D. Rockefeller's Residence, Cleveland, Ohio. Postcard circa 1901-1915.

003: 2158 John D. Rockefeller's Residence, "Forest Hill," Cleveland, Ohio. Copyright 1908 by Detroit Publishing Co.

004: Entrance to John D. Rockefeller's Residence, Cleveland, Ohio. Postcard circa 1901-1915.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Gatehouses  Search this
Fences -- wrought iron  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Hillside planting  Search this
Parks  Search this
Woodlands  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File OH199
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1697

Bar Harbor -- Brook End

Former owner:
Abbe, Robert  Search this
Architect:
Emerson, William Ralph, 1833-1917  Search this
Denby, Edwin Hooper, 1873-  Search this
Landscape architect:
Farrand, Beatrix, 1872-1959 (landscape designer)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Brook End (Bar Harbor, Maine)
United States of America -- Maine -- Hancock County -- Bar Harbor
General:
Postcard circa 1915-1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maine -- Bar Harbor  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Retaining walls  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Woodlands  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File ME062
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Maine
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1373

Bar Harbor -- Buonriposo

Former owner:
Fabbri, Shepard, Mrs  Search this
Fabbri, Ernesto  Search this
Architect:
Fabbri, Egisto Paolo, 1866-1933  Search this
Landscape architect:
Farrand, Beatrix, 1872-1959 (landscape designer)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Buonriposo (Bar Harbor, Maine)
United States of America -- Maine -- Hancock County -- Bar Harbor
General:
Postcard circa 1901-1945.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maine -- Bar Harbor  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Woodlands  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File ME005
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Maine
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1375

The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mr.  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.

Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

Lake Geneva -- Windwood Garden

Former owner:
Crane, R. T.  Search this
Gartz, A. F.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Byron, Scott  Search this
Arborist:
Bader, Brian  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Windwood Garden (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth County -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, historical pictures and information regarding previous owners, historical timeline of property, planting lists, planting plans, and landscape design.
General:
Located on approximately 100 acres, Windwood Garden was originally part of a 90-plus acre property that dates back to 1879 when R.T. Crane purchased it. During the early 1900s, the property was operated as the Crane's family compound with fruit orchards, vegetable gardens, a bakery laundry building and four greenhouses. The property was subdivided in 1933 to Maxwell House and A. F. Gartz. The western side of the divided property was purchased in 1948 by the current owner from A. F. Gartz and included the original house, vegetable garden, orchard and large expanses of lawn with a few flowers or shrubs. When the property was purchase, the property was very basic and showed signs of neglect. Brian Bader, arborist consultant, and Scott Byron, landscape architect, assisted the owners in creating a plan to conserve and transform the property into a small arboretum and then to further develop vistas from many different angles across the entire property.
The property includes woodlands and meadows populated with native spring wildflowers and large beds of daffodils. The wooded areas have many varieties of oaks, beech, maple, hemlock, walnut, hickory, lindens and butternut trees. A white okay tree is marked with a plaque by a University of Wisconsin arborist as the largeest white oka in Southeast Wisconsin. Decorative sculptures, benches, bridges, fountains, ponds and trails with plantings of trees, shrubs, perennials and wild grasses are also featured on the property.
In a 2014 garden tour handout for the Garden Club of America, the following areas were described as distinct areas of the home and garden: the manor House, the Country House, the Green Carriage House, the Caretaker's House, teh Stable, the Woodland Cottage, the White Oak Savannah, the Vegetable Garden, the Cooler House, the Pond, the Boat Deck, West Pier and East Pier.
Persons associated with the property include: R. T. Crane (former owner, 1879-1933); A. F. Gartz (former owner, 1933-1948); The Griffith family (owner, 1948- ), Scott Byron (landscape architect, 1985-present); Brian Bader (arborist consultant, University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum, 1996-1998).
Related Materials:
Windwood Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI038
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11669

Mequon -- Little House in the Big Woods

Former owner:
Kuehn, Otto  Search this
O'Malley, Peter  Search this
Keegan, Richard  Search this
Landscape architect:
Stark, Judith Z.  Search this
Prairie developer:
Prairie Nursery  Search this
Provenance:
Green Tree Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Little House in the Big Woods (Mequon, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Ozaukee County -- Mequon
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, plant list, and photocopies of newspaper articles.
General:
The eleven acre property includes a country Cape Cod style house, nine acres of hardwood trees, perennial and vegetable gardens designed by landscape architect Judith Stark (ASLA), a prairie, fairy garden, frog pond with a water garden and a mowed meadow next to a volley ball field. Stone walls separate the perennial garden from the prairie and set off play areas, and four custom wooden gates define access to the prairie. The vegetable garden alongside the house has rustic fencing, a rose bed and a rustic rose arbor. The perennial garden displays flowers suited to the climate, while on the other side of a stone wall in the 1.5 acres of prairie the flower are less organized. Woodlands include an American beech grove and a spruce grove as well as a treehouse and a 'Winnie the Pooh' tree. The fairy garden is set among spring bulbs on pebble paths and brought inside during the winter. Each year the property becomes a 'county fair' when the grandkids and their friends bring pet animals for 'judging' and parades.
The semi-rural location included woods, farm fields and hunting preserve with a cabin in a 167 acre tract before this house was built by a previous owner. The current owners converted the garage into a library, changed windows and added a free standing garage.
Persons associated with the garden include: Otto Kuehn (former landowner, 1940); Peter O'Malley (former owner, 1979-1986); Richard Keegan (former owner, 1986-1988); Judith Stark, ASLA (landscape architect, 1990s); Prairie Nursery (prairie developer, 1995).
Related Materials:
Little House in the Big Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (25 digital images and 25 corresponding digital prints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Mequon  Search this
Vernacular gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI045
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11671

River Hills -- The Chimneys

Former owner:
Chester, Norman  Search this
Chester, Millie  Search this
Architect:
Hepburn, Andrew H., 1880-1967  Search this
Landscape architect:
Lipp, Franz, 1897-1996  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Tree Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Chimneys (River Hills, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Milwaukee County -- River Hills
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a planting list and other materials.
General:
The Chimneys is a fifteen-acre property featuring extensive woodlands gardens and a red brick house modeled after the Raleigh Tavern in historic Williamsburg. Landscape architect Franz Lipp's 1950 design that surrounded the house featured yews, crabapples, hawthorns, elms and an orchard, and some of those trees are still growing, supplemented by hundreds of additional trees and shrubs that have been planted by the current owners as well as mature native trees. To the south of the house there is a five-acre lawn with a view of a pinetum and pergola near the bordering Indian Creek. Near the house there is a formal rose garden protected by a mature boxwood hedge, a perennial garden, orchards and a vegetable garden. Bordering the great lawn there is a white garden planted with rhododendron, Casa Blanca lilies and white bulbs, and a garden named for the owners' granddaughter that features dwarf conifers and maples. Three ponds along the edge of the woodlands gardens introduce the layered planting style that is featured, with an understory of bulbs and wildflowers, a middle level of flowering shrubs and trees and an upper story of mature trees.
Texture, bark and leaf color were considered when the tree collections were planted, with variegated and yellow leaf trees used as eye catchers in dark corners and along the ponds. There are fifty varieties of maple, beeches, spruce and pines, magnolias, oaks and viburnum along with bulbs and wildflowers that have been planted or replanted on the property and allowed to naturalize. In addition to preserving Lipp's scheme the current owners were influenced by European landscape and naturalized gardens by designers William Kent and William Robinson and American arboretums. Recent additions include a manmade pond, a Williamsburg-style gatehouse, and a tree house with colonial and gothic features.
Persons associated with the garden include: Emerson Noyes (former owner, circa 1930 -1950); Norman and Millie Chester (former owners, 1950-1984); Andrew H. Hepburn (architect, 1949-1950); and Franz Lipp (1897-1996) (landscape architect, 1950).
Related Materials:
The Chimneys related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 digital images; and 2 photographic prints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- River Hills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI041
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11685

Hartland -- Rosecrest

Provenance:
Kettle Moraine Garden Club  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bushey, Donald John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
Rosecrest (Hartland, Wisconsin)
Scope and Contents:
16 digital images (2017-2018) and 1 file folder with historical images and other information.
General:
The first residence on this property was a log cabin built circa 1840 by a Swedish settler; there is local lore that remnants of his building were found when the sunken garden was installed in the 1920's. This ten-acre property established in 1926 was part of a larger farm followed by a family compound on Pine Lake. Donald John Bushey designed the sunken garden, which required extensive excavation, with a long pergola and a row of seven large arches. In 1995 the garden was redesigned and refurbished and the owners kept the historic, formal elements in situ, had the gardens replanted in time for a family wedding, then finished their new house. Rosecrest now includes the sunken garden with a 110-foot long pergola, one new and one restored pond with fountains, elaborately patterned parterres and statuary with deep mixed borders and towering trees around the perimeter of the lawn. Additional historic features that were retained are stone pillars and several stone benches.

Roses, for which the garden was named, were a prominent part of the landscape until depredations by local deer necessitated changes to the plant material. Knockout and David Austin shrub roses are grown still. In 2018 existing shrubs included several vibernums, winterberry, boxwood, hemlock and sumac; existing trees included several varieties of cedar, pine, spruce and maple, also crabapple, gingko, linden and plum. Dozens of perennials and annuals fill the grid of parterres and the deep borders. The sunken garden has been opened for many charity fundraisers, three garden tours, wedding photo shoots, and many family events.

Persons associated with the garden include: Gustaf Unionius (former owner, 1840-1841); Albert Chapman (former owner, 1841-1895); the Mayer family (former owners, 1895-1991); Donald John Bushey (1896-1966) (landscape architect, designer of sunken garden, 1925-1926)(Hawks Landscape Co. (garden design, 1995); Janet Gamble, Meg Miller, Al Holt, Steve Wege, Joe Pauley (gardeners and landscapers, no dates available); Lee Kaster (gardener,1977-1984), Liban's Landscaping (landscape maintenance, 2018- ); Judith Stark Landscape Architects (patio landscape, no dates available); Wachtel Tree Science (arborists, 2018- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI057
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32876

Fox Point -- Deep Dene

Provenance:
Green Tree Garden Club  Search this
Landscape architect:
Stark, Judith Z.  Search this
Lipp, Franz, 1897-1996  Search this
Owner:
Bryson, Olive V. D.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Deep Dene (Fox Point, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Milwaukee County -- Fox Point
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 14 digital images. Images 001-014 were photographed by Sandy Dawson.
General:
Located on approximately five acres overlooking Lake Michigan, the owner of this garden had been gardening on the property since she was five years old. The original design included formal gardens, beds of iris and phlox, wildflowers in the surrounding ravines, and a large vegetable garden. Landscape architect Franz Lipp designed a circle of yews, two large hedged gardens, a boundary garden and a stone wall, all placed at a distance from the house to be visited as a pastime. In 1990 a garden room with French doors was built so a new rose garden could be seen and enjoyed from inside. A nine-foot tall dark green lattice fence was installed to protect the rose garden from deer. The design is formal with four parterres each centered by a rose standard with multiple bushes in each quadrant, climbing hydrangea on the fence, and a small central pool with a statue. Lush annual, perennial and shrub borders are maintained alongside the terrace, stone wall and another fountain with mature maple and crab apple dotting the lawns.

Favorite roses include Mr. Lincoln, Double Delight, Chicago Peace, Legends, and Drop Dead Red. The garden borders include day lilies and Asiatic lilies, peonies, boxwood, hosta, zinnias, dusty miller, marigolds, geraniums and more roses. Visitors include art students and members of the Garden Conservancy.

Persons associated with the garden include: Helen and William Van Dyke (former owners, 1926-1972); Olive V. D. Bryson (owner, 1972- ); Franz Lipp (1897-1996) (landscape architect, dates unknown); Judith Stark (landscape architect, 1990).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Deep Dene  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI058
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33212

Tyler -- Royal Oaks

Former owner:
Byars, B. G.  Search this
Byars, B. G. Mrs  Search this
Landscape architect:
Pullam, Noel  Search this
Landscape designer:
Lambert's  Search this
Landscape features:
Arabella Gardens  Search this
Breedlove Nursery  Search this
Provenance:
The Gertrude Windsor Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Royal Oaks (Tyler, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Smith -- Tyler
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and photocopies of images.
General:
Royal Oaks represents one of the premier gardens of Tyler, Texas, dating to the mid-1930s - the unique era of the oil-drilling boom in eastern Texas. The gardens are located in Tyler's historic azalea district, adding to their heritage and community preservation status. From azaleas to dogwoods to a historic Black Gum, the elements are a community treasure.
Major plantings include Live Oaks, Magnolias, Dogwoods, Japanese Bloodgood Maple and Crepe Myrtles. Flowering plants include Camellias, Azaleas, Hydrangeas, Wisteria and Forsythia. St. Augustine grass, Mondo grass, native Yupons and other greenery complete the tableau.
Special features include the herb garden with Bay Tree topiary and sculptures of a little boy playing the flute, a metal heron and distinctive bird bath. The badminton courts were added in 1939, thus generating a Badminton Club that exists to this day. The original gazebo was hand-carried by eight men, relocating it when the swimming pool addition was under way. The gazebo is now draped and serves as a bathhouse in summer. The original barn, which housed Shetland ponies for many years, still stands. Visiting dignitaries have included J. Edgar Hoover, Dwight Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. B. G. Byars (former owners, mid-1930s-1979); Noel Pullam (landscape architect, 1970s); Lambert's (landscape designer, 1930s); Arabella Gardens (landscape features, 1990s- ); Breedlove Nursery (landscape features, 1950s).
Related Materials:
Royal Oaks related holdings consist of 2 folders (12 35mm slides (photographs); 5 digital images)
See others in:
Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Tyler  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX165
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13521

West Lake Hills -- David-Peese Garden

Photographer:
Druse, Kenneth  Search this
Designer:
David, James deGrey  Search this
Peese, Gary  Search this
Architect:
Coote, James Robert  Search this
Lamb, Paul  Search this
Lawrence, Mell  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
David-Peese Garden, (West Lake Hills, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Travis -- West Lake Hills
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a planting list, lecture notes, and articles featuring the property of James David.
General:
This two-acre garden in West Lake Hills, a suburb of Austin, Texas is based on classical and Texas garden traditions and designed by a professional landscape architect and horticulturist. The garden has evolved and expanded since its inception in 1978. The garden mixes formal and informal, modern and traditional elements through a series of garden rooms. Strong directional paths and architectural elements unify an otherwise eclectic style.
Features include a swimming pool, greenhouse, dovecote, gravel terrace, pond with limestone terrace bisected by a runnel leading to it, dining terrace, lawn, French-inspired garden and a vegetable garden. Plantings include agaves, bambusa, clematis, ilex, and pollarded sycamores.
Persons associated with the garden include: Robert James Coote (architect, 1979); Paul Lamb (architect, 1988); Mell Lawrence (architect, 2003 and 2007); James deGrey David (owner, landscape architect, 1978- ); Gary R. Peese (owner, 1978 - ).
Related Materials:
David-Peese Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (48 slides; 325 transparencies; 36 digital images)
See others in:
Ken Druse garden photography collection 1978-2005.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- West Lake Hills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX115
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13523

Alexandria -- Carriage House Garden in Old Town

Creator:
Everts, Florence  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Alexandria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Carriage House Garden in Old Town (Alexandria, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Alexandria
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
A walled formal garden in the English style was designed to complement the 1801 carriage house which retains its original façade and carriage doors, comprising less than an acre in an urban neighborhood. The garden is entered through a wrought iron gate next to a hedge of Nellie Stevens holly trees that provide privacy from the street. The other three sides of the garden are enclosed by high brick walls, including the neighbor's abutting wall draped with a massive trumpet vine. An allée of hornbeam trees under planted with perennial geraniums borders the brick walk that leads to the front door which is shaded by a rose arbor. The enclosed garden receives moderate sun and includes century-old boxwood, oak leaf hydrangeas, winter blooming camellias, a variegated Japanese maple, a bed of spirea, ferns, a European beech tree, and hellebores.
The Carriage House Garden in Old Town has been recognized by the American Institute of Architects, received a local civic beautiful award in 2006, and has been opened to the public for Virginia's historic garden week on two occasions.
Persons associated with the garden include John Burke (former owner, 19thc.); Anita Barnes (former owner until 1989); Florence Everts (ASLA) (landscape architect, 1990); Robert Holland (garden designer, 1990-1991); Harry Braswell (addition to house, 1991)
Related Materials:
Carriage House Garden in Old Town related holdings consist of 1 folder (13 35mm slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA409
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18788
Online Media:

Marshall -- Orlean House

Landscape architect:
Arentz, Richard  Search this
Provenance:
The Warrenton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Orlean House (Marshall, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Marshall
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and plant lists.
General:
The land was included in the 12-square mile grant given in colonial times to the Sixth Lord Thomas Fairfax, who deeded his Manor of Leeds, named for his father's estate in England, to his heir Denny Martin Fairfax. Orlean House is within the 588-acre tract granted by Fairfax to John Winn Smith in September 1760, whose descendants built the first frame house in 1795, to which a larger stone addition was appended in 1812. That house, the oldest structure in the area, now has gardens added by the current owners beginning in 2003 under the guidance of Richard Arentz, ASLA. Their favorite part of the 18-acre property is the shade garden that connects the formal arrival court at the end of the long entrance drive to the sectors used for outdoor entertaining, which include a swimming pool edged by a wildflower meadow. The shade garden includes an understory of sweet woodruff and periwinkle, tulips and narcissus, herbaceous perennials including hellebores, hosta, autumn fern, astilbe, sedge and bleeding heart, flowering shrubs including Exbury and Delaware Valley white azaleas, English boxwood, winter hazel and hydrangea, and fringe trees.
Remnants of earlier gardens are few but include many daffodil fields, old boxwood and mature trees. Orlean House was included in the Virginia Historic Garden Week tour in 2011, and the 21st century gardens continue to develop as they age. An historic barn and corn crib dating from the early days of farming are still standing on the property and are in good condition.
Persons associated with the garden include Lord Thomas Fairfax and Denny Martin Fairfax (owners before 1760); John Winn Smith and descendants (former owners, 1760-1829); William W., James and Elizabeth Payne (former owners, 1829-1834); Albert S. and Thomas M. Hirst (former owners, 1834-1873); Marshall H. and Ludwell Lake (former owners, 1873-circa 1882); William H. and Hattie L. Tripplett and Eppa Hunton Jr., (former owners, 1885 - 1898); Edward S. and Mary E. Halley (former owners, 1898-1913); H.N. and Eliza J. Brown (former owners, 1913-1924); Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Kengla, Mason B. Payne and Mr. and Mrs. Murray A. Russell (former owners, 1924-1927); Josephine L Woolf (former owner, 1927-1940); Frank and Gertrude Henius (former owners, 1940-1943); Bolton and Florence Love (former owners, 1943-1976); John and Louise Merryman (former owners, 1976-1984); William and Catherine Osier (former owners, 1984-1998); Jennifer Austell-Wolfson and family (former owners, 1998-2003); Richard Arentz, ASLA (landscape architect, 2003-present).
Related Materials:
Orlean House related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides (photographs); 4 digital images + 1 reference print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Marshall  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA410
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18845
Online Media:

Middleburg -- The Hill School Arboretum

Former owner:
Clark, Stephen C. Jr.  Search this
Clark, Jane Forbes  Search this
Arboretum designer:
Rowley, Polly P.  Search this
Committee head:
Rowley, Polly P.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Starke, Barry W.  Search this
Tindall, Ian  Search this
Foster, Susie  Search this
Committee member:
Augenblick, Barbara  Search this
Morency, Mike  Search this
Hoovler, Karen  Search this
Gardener:
Vella, Matthew  Search this
Dornin, Bob  Search this
Looney, Greg  Search this
Faculty:
Dornin, Bob  Search this
Looney, Greg  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Hill School Arboretum (Middleburg, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Loudoun -- Middleburg
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles and images.
General:
The arboretum was created on the 132-acre farm that was donated to the private pre-K through 8th grade Hill School in 1992. A landscaping committee decided that the mission of the arboretum would be to grow examples of both native and alien trees that have adapted to the region to be used as an environmental teaching facility for children and as a community resource. The initial plan was broken into stages, planting was done over several years, and the vision for the arboretum was that it would look like a country estate in 100 years. Eight distinct areas were identified that would be planted over time with more than 200 species of trees and shrubs in combinations that emphasize differing leaf shapes and bark textures for the children to study. Planning included respect for the instinctive pathways of children pursing daily activities while also promoting appreciation and respect for the natural environment. The arboretum provides habitat for birds and wildlife, another aspect that would be incorporated into the curriculum of the school.
When there was dissatisfaction with the contractors hired for the work members of the committee took charge themselves. There were drainage problems in some areas and the location of differing stands of trees had to be determined in part by soil conditions. Young trees were purchased that were easier to transplant successfully and less costly, although some of the specialty trees had to be kept in the chairwoman's nursery for three years until they were ready to be planted out. Community support included donations of tons of manure and humus from nearby farms.
Persons associated with the garden include Stephen C. Clark, Jr. and Jane Forbes Clark (former owners, 1945-1992); Polly P. Rowley (arboretum designer and committee head, 1992- ); Barry W. Starke (ASLA), Earth Design Associates (landscape architect, 1992-1993); Ian Tindall and Susie Foster, HOH Associates (landscape architects, 1992-1993); Barbara Augenblick, Mike Morency and Karen Hoovler (Hill School committee, 1992-1995); Matthew Vella (gardener, 1992-1998); Bob Dornin and Greg Looney (Hill School grounds supervisor and gardener, 1992-1998).
Related Materials:
The Hill School Arboretum related holdings consist of 1 folder (22 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Middleburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA490
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18854

Richmond -- Robin Hill

Former owner:
Patterson, Malvern Courtney  Search this
Patterson, Malvern Courtney Mrs.  Search this
Willingham, William A.  Search this
Willingham, William A. Mrs.  Search this
Harrison, Robert  Search this
Harrison, Robert Mrs.  Search this
Rawles, James W.  Search this
Rawles, James W. Mrs.  Search this
Provenance:
James River Garden Club  Search this
Garden restoration:
Garden Graces  Search this
Terraforma  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Robin Hill (Richmond, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Henrico -- Richmond
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and other historical information.
General:
The brick walled formal garden rooms within the 4.5 acre property Robin Hill pay homage to the gardens created on this site by earlier owners - but not until the current owners undertook significant recovery and restoration. In 1915 there was a one hundred acre farm known as Hillcrest with a Tudor style mansion overlooking the James River and historic Kanawha Canal. The pleasure gardens were laid out on crossing axes with brick paths and statuary placed in niches, in the style of the country place movement of the early 20th century. Much of the land was sold to developers as the city of Richmond grew, and the property was reduced to seven acres. During a subsequent owners' forty year tenure the façade of the house was transformed to look like a farmhouse, using brick and white stucco. Brick walls, paths and edging were added as well as truckloads of enormous trees and new garden beds and borders, and another 2.5 acres were sold. But despite prodigious planting the gardens were not tended and many mature trees and shrubs were choked out by English ivy and other vines. It was left to the current owners to dig out the overgrowth, rediscovering the hardscape structure and features of the garden rooms, and to restore crumbling brick walls and arches. New plantings replaced old yews, hollies, camellias, magnolias and other trees and shrubs as necessary, and perennial and annual flowers, particularly white flowers, were added.
The garden rooms at Robin Hill lie to the south of the house and terrace with distinct lawns enclosed by mixed evergreen and deciduous borders and a hedge of mature camellia sasanqua. Alongside the largest upper lawn but separated from the lawn by a brick wall there are ten rectangular beds planted with perennial and annual flowers that spill over the irregular bluestone or basket weave brick walkways. A concrete birdbath sits in the center of these garden beds on the axis that crosses the upper central lawn and leads to a pavilion, approached via a brick walkway between hedges of hydrangea and camellia. To one side of this cross axis there is an American holly grove while on the other side there is a woodland and small pond. At the far end of the lower central lawn on the main axis there is a wall fountain and pool with a gazebo set to one side. The axial design and plant materials used in the gardens of Hillcrest and Robin Hill suggest that landscape architects Warren Manning and Charles Gillette may have worked on this property but no conclusive records have been found.
The James River Garden Club was established in 1915 during meetings at Hillcrest, and owner Juanita Massie Patterson served as its first president. The club dedicated their 1923 book Historic Gardens of Virginia to Mrs. Patterson.
Digital images include copies of lithographs from a 1940s book owned by Mrs. William A. Willingham.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Malvern Courtney Patterson (former owners, 1905-circa 1930); Mr. and Mrs. William A. Willingham (former owners, circa 1930-1947); Mr. and Mrs. Robert Harrison (former owners, 1947-1989); Mr. and Mrs. James W. Rawles (former owners, 1989-1991); Garden Graces (garden restoration, 2011-2012); Terraforma (garden restoration, 2011-2012).
Related Materials:
Robin Hill related holdings consist of 1 folder (35 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Richmond  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA450
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18900

Orange -- Mount Sharon Farm

Former owner:
Taliaferro family, 1724-1935  Search this
Augustus, Ellsworth Mr  Search this
Augustus, Ellsworth Mrs  Search this
Eldredge, Nancy Sasser Mrs  Search this
Clark, John S. Mr  Search this
Clark, John S. Mrs  Search this
Architect:
LaFarge, Louis Bancel  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Stick, Charles J.  Search this
Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Mount Sharon Farm (Orange, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Orange
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, photocopies of articles, blog postings, and garden plans.
General:
The current owners restored the house and then set out to create a series of distinctive, but related, garden rooms using century-old boxwood to frame their creation. The garden enters through the wedding gate to a walled Elizabethan knot garden. Meandering paths lead through a hydrangea and camellia garden and a spring garden full of color and variety. Cross the central walk lined with gigantic boxwood and enter four terraces of formal parterres with arched, rose-covered pergolas and pavilions overlooking yew-enclosed formal rose gardens. The geometric parterre changes with the season and features blue and white anemone de blanda in spring and annuals in summer. An Italianate croquet pitch with fountains and panoramic view is surrounded by pleached European hornbeams. A holly-surrounded badminton lawn, exedrae with sculptured niches, crepe myrtle walk, mixed border, and oval garden culminate in a Moorish gazebo affording views of the rolling countryside. Fountain displays and sculpture abound throughout this garden for all seasons in the classical style.
The flattest parcel in the ten acres of formal gardens was designed as a vegetable and cutting garden, installed In 2006. There are 19 metal-edged square, triangular and rectangular planting beds with bisecting pea gravel paths on North-South and East-West axes. This garden can be entered down steps from the ornamental garden under a lengthy pergola planted with espaliered crabapple trees, or under an arched gateway in the spindle fence punctuated by pairs of shaped boxwood. Climbing vegetables are supported on hand-hewn cedar tuteurs or in wire cages; beds are mulched with straw. The potager combines function with classical symmetry. Plants include tomatoes, cucumber, cantaloupe, strawberries, raspberries, asparagus, dill, lavender, basil, sweet potatoes, zinnias, and daylilies.
Persons associated with the garden include: Taliaferro family (former owners, 1724-1935); Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth Augustus (former owners, 1935-1955); Mrs. Nancy Sasser Eldredge (former owner, 1955-1980); Mr. and Mrs. John S. Clark (former owners, 1985-1995); Louis Bancel LaFarge (architect, 1935-1938); Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, 1936-1938); and Charles J. Stick (landscape architect, 1998- ).
Related Materials:
Mount Sharon Farm related holdings consist of 2 folders (24 35mm slides (photographs); 16 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Orange  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA365
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18966

Charlottesville -- Periwinkle Cottage

Horticulturist:
Burrell, Cole  Search this
Harris, Leslie  Search this
Architect:
Wells, Marshall S.  Search this
Rinehart, Jack  Search this
Gardener:
Ernest, Donna  Search this
Landscape architect:
Goffinet, Francois  Search this
Stick, Charles J.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Periwinkle Cottage (Charlottesville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Albemarle -- Charlottesville
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 16 digital images. The folder includes worksheets and a copy of an article.
General:
Located on two acres, this property has been owned and gardened by members of the same family since 1940, and consists of a series of all season garden rooms each with it's own unique purpose. At first Scotch broom had to be dug up, the farmland had to be improved, paths were laid, and periwinkle dug from the woods was planted as ground cover. There were few trees - a sweet gum tree was planted for quick shade - and a Victory Garden and fruit orchard were planted during World War II. The house, designed by architect Marshall Swain Wells in 1939, was apttered after a dependeny at the Colonial Williamsburg Palace. In 2005 landscape architect Charles J. Stick designed a formal entry garden paved in brick with four boxwood parterres surrounding white crape myrtles. Belgian landscape architect Francọis Goffinet designed an English style cottage garden that spans the front of the center of the house, filling beds with continuous summer blooms, with arched gateways at either end smothered in roses. Behind the house Stick replaced overgrown boxwood that defined mid-century garden rooms with a flagstone terrace. Goffinet also designed a formal allée of four boxwood-edged beds filled with flowering perennials and shrubs that terminates in a grove of crape myrtle.
The kitchen garden, also formal, has four smaller parterres growing herbs with espaliered apple trees as wall on one side. The chapel walk passes a dog cemetery that has stone benches and markers, leading to a stone chapel modeled on a gazebo at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. A meditation garden at one end of the cottage garden has a low stone wall, white sand floor, and a large espaliered camellia. The white garden was redesigned in 2017, pruning back 75-year-old boxwood and adding white peonies and ephemeral bulbs. A log cabin built circa 1830 was relocated to this property, placed so the porch faces west for viewing sunsets over the Blue Ridge Mountains. Paths through the wooded areas lead to the pollinator garden for bees and butterflies, the birch walk inspired by groves seen in England, a secret garden, and a cabin walk and cabin garden. The periwinkle outside the cabin had succumbed to fungal disease so a dry stream, stone wall, and plantings including dwarf Japanese maples, dogwood, hellebores, astilbe, ferns and hosta comprise a newer garden room. More natives including wildflowers have been planted along the original winding paths and in woodlands.
Persons associated with the garden include Birney and Irene Sims (former owners, 1938-1973); Marshall Swain Wells (architect, 1939); M. Jack Rinehart, Jr. (architect, 1991, 2005); Francọis Goffinet (landscape architect, 1993); Charles J. Stick (landscape architect, 2006); C. Colston Burrell (horticulturist, 1991-2017); Leslie Harris (horticulturist, 1991-2017); Donna Ernest (gardener, 1991-2017).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charlottesville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA491
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18969

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