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Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet (Boxes 3, 32)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1882-1972
Scope and Contents note:
This series contains biographical documentation of Walt Kuhn, his wife and daugher, his father and mother, his in-laws, and their ancestors. Found in this series is a handwritten chronology containing notes on the Armory Show. Other types of material include additional biographical narratives and chronologies prepared by Walt Kuhn, Vera Kuhn, and others; identification cards, passports, death certificates and other official documents; obituaries; correspondence and notes on genaeology; published biographies; printed materials relating to Kuhn and Spier family homes; and medical records and correspondence. Artifacts include a framed dollar marked "first dollar earned by Walt Kuhn" and a medallion from art school.

Additional autobiographical writings can be found in Series 4.8: Notes and Writings. More obituaries of Walt Kuhn can be found in the 1949 clippings in Series 4.10: Printed Materials. Wills and documentation of family estates are in Series 4.7: Financial Records. Additional biographical information can be found in the audio recordings of Brenda Kuhn in Series 4.13: Audio Recordings.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kuhnwalt, Subseries 4.1
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records / Series 4: Walt Kuhn Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw927650d74-af28-46d4-8726-05bd3b7008ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kuhnwalt-ref280

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Dasburg, Andrew, 1887-1979  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1854, 1882-1963
Scope and Contents note:
Eighty years of Johnson's general correspondence primarily consists of personal letters with friends, family, and fellow artists. There is also a substantial amount of correspondence with her son, Alfred Dasburg. The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1906 to 1919.

Because Alfred spent most of his childhood living in Taos with his father, Andrew Dasburg, or away at school or camp, Johnson's correspondence with her son provides very candid and detailed accounts of her daily activities. The letters discuss her current artwork, news from her friends and relatives, and her travels, including her stay in Taos, New Mexico in 1919. Also included are numerous letters written during her stay in a mental hospital from 1937 to 1938. Many of her later letters to Alfred include reminiscences of her youth and extensive self-analysis.

General correspondence with other family and friends is extensive and most often discusses social events, news of family and friends, and other daily activities of the writer. Family correspondence includes numerous letters between Johnson and her siblings, especially her brother Van Cleve Johnson. Grace Mott Johnson corresponded with numerous painter and sculptor friends whom she met at the Art Students' League and in Woodstock, New York. Some of these include Marion Bullard, Russell Cowles, John F. and Margaret Carlson, Florence Ballin Cramer, Florence Lucius, Walter Frankl, Lila Wheelock Howard, with whom she shared a studio for a period of time, Thomas Hunt, Henry Lee McFee, Morgan Russell, Mary Riley, Lee Simonson, Lindsey Morris Sterling, and Alice Morgan Wright. Johnson was also close friends with the Davidson family, and found here is her correspondence with the sculptor Jo Davidson and his two sisters Ray and Rose. Other notable correspondence is with friend Vera Spier Kuhn, wife of artist Walt Kuhn, art patron Mable Dodge Luhan, journalist John Reed, gallery owner William Macbeth, and her psychiatrist Abraham Brill. Also found is a small amount of correspondence documenting Johnson's civil rights activities, including letters from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

This subseries also includes the correspondence of Frances H. Johnson, Grace Mott Johnson's aunt, also known as Aunt Fanny, with whom she was very close. Found here are postcards and letters from family and friends as well as numerous letters between Frances and Grace Mott Johnson, including several detailed letters from Grace describing her time in Taos.

See Appendix B for a select list of correspondents from Series 2.2.
Appendix B: Correspondents from Series 2.2: Grace Mott Johnson Papers, General Correspondence:
Barclay, Jessie: 1909

Bercinsky, David: 1911, 1929, undated

Bercinsky, Rachel: 1906, 1908

Bigelow, Poultney: 1910, 1911, undated

Borglum, Gutzon: 1908

Bradenburgh, Margaret Caspar: 1908, 1910, 1911, 1915, 1916, 1919, 1940

Brill, Abraham A.: 1919, 1921, 1935, 1937-40, 1948

Bullard, Eleanor: 1909

Bullard, Marion: 1911, 1912, undated

Cahen, J. B.: 1907

Carlson, John F. & Margaret: 1907-1913, 1921, 1947

Comeau, Martin F.: 1943, 1944

Cook, Charles Bayley: 1911

Cowles, Russell: 1909

Cramer, Florence Ballin: 1907-1912, 1947, undated

D'Andrea, Cecelia (Cecil): 1907, 1912, 1921

Dasburg, Margaret: 1908, 1909, 1912, undated

Dasburg, Matilda: 1940

Davidson, Jo: 1906-1910

Davidson, Ray: 1906-1914, 1930, 1932, 1938, 1940-1942, 1951

Davidson, Rose: 1906-1913

de Kerstrat, Yvonne: 1909

Debling, Anna J.: 1909

Denman, George: 1917

Doepel, C. Henry: 1922

Drew, Aline: 1937, undated

Durgy, Caroline R.: 1908

Eberle, A.: 1930

Edson, Helen: 1908

Ennis, C.: 1910

Frankl, Walter H.: 1915, 1918, 1919, undated

Friends Intelligencer -- : 1936

Frost, Chris: 1914

Gardin, Laura: 1908

Geiger, Mary: 1914, 1922

Gilbert, Carl H.: 1927

Harls, E. B.: 1908

Holden, C.: 1950

Howard, Lila Wheelock: 1908-1911, 1914, 1918, 1923, undated

Humphrey, T. F.: 1910

Hunt, Dorothy: 1911

Hunt, Thomas: 1908 (illustrated letter)

Hutchinson, Mary: 1937

Illava, Agatha: 1933

Isler, Jacques: 1933

Jackson, Harrison S.: 1935

Johnson, Alfred: 1907, 1908, 1911, 1914-1916

Johnson, Francis: 1937, 1947

Johnson, Mark: 1904, 1906, 1909, 1918, 1954

Johnson, Van Cleve: 1904, 1908-1918, 1938, 1942, 1947, undated

Kalish Pharmacy: 1910

Kleinert, H.: 1923

Kuhn, Vera Spier: 1908-1912

Labaree, Mary Fleming: 1931

Lane, Mrs. Franklin: 1933

Law, Ellen M.: 1910, 1912, 1922

Lincoln University: 1931

Lucius, Albert: 1922

Lucius, Florence (Floss): 1908-1915, undated

Luhan, Mabel Dodge: 1919, 1924, 1933

Macbeth, William: 1911

Macomb, Edith: 1920

Macrum, Mrs. George: 1947

Magee, R.: 1909, 1910

Martin, Daniel S.: 1891

McFee, Henry Lee: 1912, 1914, undated

McKenzie, Ilya: 1909-1911

Miles, John E.: 1938

Milner, H. W.: 1910

Morgan, Helen: 1907, 1908, 1911, 1912

Morrell, Edith: 1910, 1911, undated

Morton-Morris, Mrs. John: 1946

Mott, Cora E.: 1908

Mott, Jane: 1910

Mott, Laura: 1894, 1906-1908

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: 1935-1937, 1940, undated

National Association of Woment Painters and Sculptors: 1937

The New York News -- : 1935

Noyes, Minnie A.: 1916

Odok, Effiom: 1938

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts: 1913

Pfeiffer, J.: 1912

Potterat, Mathilda: 1910, 1912

Radcliffe, C. M. R.: 1912

Raub, Ida: 1922

Reed, John: 1916

Reynolds, William E.: 1922

Riley, Mary: 1909-1911, undated

Rogers, Julia J.: 1911

Rosenberg, Elfie Cahen: 1904-1912, 1926

Russell, Morgan: 1908

Schlisinger, Gisela: 1907

Schuyler, Josephine: 1933

Scott, Leon W.: 1935

Sholtz, David: 1935

Simkins, Martha: 1913

Simonson, Lee: 1912, 1914-1917, 1928, undated

Smith, S. Archibald: 1920

Spanish and Indian Trading Co.: 1926

Sterling, Lindsey Morris (Sally): 1908-1912

Sutherland, Arthur: 1936-1939

Teague, Cecil: 1911

Teague, Walter: 1911

Wardwell, James: 1909

Watkins, Mary Jane: 1930

Weeks, Henry de F.: 1910

Weigand, Margarith: 1909-1914

White, Mrs. John K.: 1908

Wright, Alice Morgan: 1907, 1908, 1910, 1930

Yaldo, Margaret: 1917-1919
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers, 1833-1980 (bulk 1900-1980). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dasbandr, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers / Series 2: Grace Mott Johnson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw974ae77fc-aac3-43f5-ac27-c6ea42afa362
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dasbandr-ref136

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Bransom, Paul, 1885-  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Linear feet (Box 1-5)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1903-1984
Scope and Contents note:
This series includes personal and professional correspondence of Paul Bransom from the beginning of his career until the end of his life. Correspondence includes letters from other artists, art directors and editors, writers, nature and wildlife conservators and zoologists, curators, collectors, printers, engravers, family, and friends. Also found are letters Bransom wrote to his wife, Grace Bond Bransom, early in their relationship, and scattered correspondence to Grace Bond Bransom and Althea Bond, Bransom's niece and heiress. Many illustrated letters are found among the correspondence, including several lavishly illustrated letters from Charles Sarka. Photographs, clippings, and other enclosures such as membership cards, are scattered throughout the series.

Correspondence is divided into three groups: that between Paul Bransom and his wife, general correspondence, and cards. General correspondence is arranged chronologically except for occasional instances where letters were originally grouped together by author or subject. Drafts and carbon copies of outgoing letters written by Paul Bransom are interfiled with general correspondence, and undated drafts are filed at the end of the general correspondence. Greeting cards with significant written messages are interfiled with general correspondence, and cards without messages are arranged alphabetically at the end of the series. Many of the cards are made with original artwork, as indicated in the folder notes below.

General correspondence contains letters and records of transactions with Bransom's publishing clients, as well as letters from many authors whose stories Bransom illustrated, especially between the 1900s and the 1940s. Among the authors are Albert Payson Terhune, Donald Culross Peattie, J. Frank Dobie, Dorothy Cottrell, Attilio Gatti, Charmian London (wife of Jack London), and Herbert Sass. Artists represented in Bransom's correspondence include Charles Sarka, Joe Back, Walter Biggs, Patricia Bott, Chen Chi, John Clymer, Paul Fair, Charles Hargens, Bob Kuhn, Dorothy and Gertrude Lathrop, Bob Lougheed, George McLean, Ugo Mochi, Bill and Rachel Scott, Donald Teague, and Clarence Tillenius.

Letters and envelopes are often annotated by Bransom giving the full name of the author and sometimes the nature of their relationship or other biographical information. Additional correspondence can be found in Personal Business Records, and some drafts of outgoing letters are found in the notebooks filed in Notes and Writings.

See Appendix for a list of selected correspondents from Series 2.
Appendix: Selected Correspondents from Series 2:
This selected index to Series 2: General Correspondence, includes selected artists, writers whose works Bransom illustrated, art editors and directors, collectors, printers and engravers, and other significant correspondents. Illustrated letters are indicated in parentheses. This index is not comprehensive.

Agathon, Oshin: 1961, 1963

Agins, Freddie: 1965, 1972 (illustrated letter), 1975, 1977

Albee, Grace: 1961, 1967

Aleshire, Morris: 1929 (illustrated letter)

Alexander, Charles: 1923

Astley-Bell (Duis), Rita: 1962-1963, 1973, 1976

Ayres, Douglas: 1942, 1955, 1966-1967, 1971-1972, 1975-1976

Back, Joe and Mary: 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1971, 1979, undated

Balch, Mr. and Mrs. Glenn: 1938-1939

Bartholomew, C.L. "Bart": 1921

Beal, Gifford: 1950, 1955

Bellows, George: 1913

Benda, W.T.: 1935, undated

Biggs, Walter: 1938, 1944, 1966, 1967

Blair, W. Reid: 1926, 1929, 1933

Bott, Pat: 1964 (sketch), 1967-1971, 1973, 1983, undated

Bowden, Harry: 1929

Brand, Eva: 1972, undated

Bull, Charles Livingston: 1931, 1933-1934

Cady, Harrison: 1962, 1963

Calfee, William: 1933

Card, Helen Louise: 1950, 1954-1955, 1957, 1962

Chaffee, Allan: 1931, 1932, 1937-1938, undated

Chapin, J. H.: 1918-1920

Chapin, James P.: 1942, 1945, 1963

Chapman, Charles: 1931, 1934, 1960, undated

Chi, Chen: 1953, 1957, 1958

Clymer, John: 1964, 1970-1976, 1978-1979, undated

Collett, Farrell R.: 1951, 1959-1960, 1964, 1969-1970, 1972, 1974, 1978, undated

Cooper, Courtney Ryley; 1934

Cooper, Frederic Taber: 1920

Cottrell, Dorothy, 1931-1933

Cox, Warren: 1977

Crane, Alan H.: 1947, 1959-1962, 1967, undated

Crowninshield, Frank: 1910

Curwood, James Oliver: 1919

DeFeo, Charles: 1969

Delano, Gerard C.: 1957

Dinsmore, Elizabeth: 1929, 1937-1940

Dirks, Rudy: 1905 (2 illustrated envelopes)

Dobie, J. Frank: 1926-1928, 1931, 1933, 1938-1939, 1945, 1962, undated

Dower, Walter: 1922-1925, 1927-1928

Drake, A.W.: 1907-1908

Dwiggins, Clare Victor: 1950 (illustrated letter)

Edge, Rosalie: 1937, 1939-1940, 1942, 1947, 1961-1962

Eldridge, Paul: 1914 (illustrated letter)

Enos, Ben H.: 1913

Evans, George W. "Dub": 1928, 1945, 1961 (see also Notes and Writings, New Mexico Lion Hunt)

Evans, Joe: 1928, 1945

Fabian, Harold: 1958, 1973

Fair, Paul: 1928-1929, 1931, 1939, 1945, 1948

Field, Charles K.: 1914

Folmsbee, Beulah: 1940

Gannam, John: 1963

Gatti, Attilio: 1941, 1944, 1947

Gibson, "Pop": 1918-1919

Gibson, Charles Dana: 1903, 1913

Gilbert, Kenneth: 1925, 1928, 1945, 1972

Godfrey, W.C.: 1929

Goldman, Arthur: 1932

Hagen, Grant: 1957, 1959, 1966, 1972

Hahn Vidal, Margarita: 1963

Hargens, Charles: 1970 (illustrated), 1971-1974, 1976, 1978

Hays, Helen Ireland: 1963-1964, 1974-1975, 1977-1979, undated

Hibben, Frank C. and Eleanor: 1945, 1972

Hill, Maybel Betsy: 1933

House, Brad: 1951, 1960, undated

Howland, Karl V.S.: 1916-1917

Hunt, Lynn Bogue: 1958

Hurst, Dean: 1972, 1978

Johnstone, Jo and Jack: 1945-1946, 1952, 1955, 1963, undated

Kappel, Phillip: 1930, 1955

Kent, Norman: 1963

Kirkland, John W., Jr.: 1940

Kuhn, Bob: 1936-1937, 1961, 1963, 1967, 1977-1978, undated

Kuhn, Brenda: 1960-1961, 1967, 1971, 1984

Kuhn, Vera: 1949

Kuhn, Walt: 1905 (illustrated envelope), 1945

Kylgaard, James: 1939

Lathrop, Dorothy: 1939, 1942, 1954-1955, 1959, 1961-1964, 1966, 1969, 1971, 1974-1975, 1977, undated

Lathrop, Gertrude: 1949, 1964, 1969, 1972-1973, 1978

Lentelli, Leo and Mimi: 1955, 1956, 1962-1963

Lewis, Martin: 1930

Liljefors, Lindorm: 1969 (illustrated), 1970, 1974

Lippincott, Joseph W.: 1933, 1945, 1954, 1975

Logan, Maurice: 1929

London, Charmian (Mrs. Jack London): 1913-1914

Long, Ray: 1912

Lougheed, Robert: 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, undated

MacCreagh, Gordon: 1935, undated (illustrated letter)

Mattingly, Seth: 1955, 1961-1964, 1969-1970, 1972-1976 (with list of books), 1978, 1980-1981, 1983, undated

McClintock, Dorcas: 1973, 1974-1978, 1980, undated

McCoy, Garnett: 1966

McCracken, Harold: 1948-1949, 1965, 1972

McLean, George: 1964-1965, 1971, undated

Means, Thomas H. and Constance: 1931, 1936, 1947, 1960, 1964

Meigs, Ruth: undated

Miller, George C.: 1949

Mills, Dorothy: 1928

Mochi, Ugo: 1963, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973-1974, 1976, undated

Moon, Carl: 1928

Moore, Benson: 1939, 1941, 1945, 1959, 1964-1965, 1967, 1969, 1971-1974, undated

Morris, George Ford: undated

Moyle, Seth: 1911

Murphy, Robert: 1940-1941

Newell, Dave: 1942-1943 (illustrated letters), 1944-1945 (illustrated letter)

Newett, Henry R.: 1927

Nisbet, Bob: 1953-1954

Olenchak, Tom: 1961, 1969, 1973, undated

Osborn, Frederick and Margaret: 1930, 1940, 1954-1955, 1973, undated

Palmer, Loren: 1926

Peattie, Donald Culross: 1927, 1937

Pierrot, George: 1927, 1932, 1934, 1937-1939, 1945, 1949, 1957, 1960-1963, 1967, 1969-1970, 1972-1979

Platt, Joseph B.: 1926

Richards, George M.: 1913

Roosevelt, Mrs. Kermit: 1941

Ruggles, C.B.: 1933

Rutledge, Archibald: 1939-1940, 1949

Sanborn, Elwin Roswell: undated

Sarka, Charles: 1910 (illustrated envelope), 1911 (2 illustrated letters), 1913, 1917 (illustrated), 1934 (illustrated letter), 1941, 1947, 1948 (illustrated), 1950 (illustrated), 1958-1959

Sass, Herbert R.: 1934-1936, 1940, 1942

Saxton, Eugene: 1929

Schaldach, William, 1946, 1958

Schuler, Loring: 1919, 1927, 1931

Schwiering, Connie: 1958, 1961, 1963, 1967

Scott, William J. and Rachel: 1929, 1932-1933, 1956, 1964, 1967, 1973

Scriver, Bob: 1962, 1965, 1967, undated

Seimel, Sasha: 1933-1935, 1962-1963, 1967

Sleicher, Bob: undated

Sprunt, Alexander: 1932-1933

Stahl, Ben: 1944, 1969, 1972

Stokes, Frederick A.: 1921

Stolper, Joel: 1940

Stone, Walter King: 1933

Taylor, E.H.: 1925-1927, 1930, undated

Teague, Donald: 1970, 1972, 1975-1976

Tee-Van, John: 1942

Terhune, Albert Payson: 1926, 1927, 1929

Thomas, J. Sharkey: 1974-1977

Thompson, H.A.: 1907-1909

Thurber, James: 1957

Tillenius, Clarence: 1960, 1963, 1969, 1974, 1975-1978, 1981, undated

Washington, Booker T.: 1915

Watson, Ernest: 1951

Weaver, John V.A.: 1928

Wengenroth, Stow: 1962

Williams, Wheeler: 1964, undated (illustrated letter)

Wolfe, R. Dietz: 1961, 1963, 1964, undated

Wood, Peggy: 1928
Collection Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Paul Bransom papers, 1862-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.branpaul, Series 2
See more items in:
Paul Bransom papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c3ff5737-ce2a-4529-a1f6-b83080e2ab12
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-branpaul-ref24

Brenda Kuhn's remarks on her father, Walt Kuhn's, papers

Creator:
Kuhn, Brenda, 1911-  Search this
Subject:
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Place:
Fort Lee, N.J.
New York, N.Y.
Ogunquit, Me.
Date:
1965
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10662
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10662

Walt Kuhn, Paris, France letter to Vera Kuhn, Chevy Chase, Md.

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Oct 28
Topic:
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14046
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14046
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn postcard to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Munch, Edvard  Search this
Kölner Dom  Search this
Internationale Kunstausstellung des Sonderbundes Westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler (1912 : Cologne, Germany)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Cologne, Germany
Date:
1912 Sept. 30
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14484
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14484
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn letter to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Berlin, Germany
The Hague, Netherlands
Date:
1912 Oct. 8
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14498
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14498
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn letter to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Armory Show (1913 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Nov. 11
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14499
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14499
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn postcard to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Nov.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14500
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14500
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn postcard to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Oct 2
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14555
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14555
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn, Boston, Mass. letter to Vera Kuhn, Fort Lee, N.J.

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Copley Society (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Armory Show (1913 : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Boston, Mass.
Date:
1913 Apr
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14567
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14567
Online Media:

Walt and Vera Kuhn family photograph album, volume 9

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Kuhn, Brenda  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
1911-1923
Topic:
Family life  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14847
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14847

Walt Kuhn, New York, N.Y. letter to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Dec. 14
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)479
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_479
Online Media:

Nova Scotia Summer diary

Creator:
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Subject:
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Type:
Writings
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada
Date:
1912
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5604
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5604

Walt Kuhn to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 September 25
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5852
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5852
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn to Vera Kuhn

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1913 July 20
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5853
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5853
Online Media:

Vera and Brenda Kuhn Christmas card to Wood Gaylor

Creator:
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957  Search this
Subject:
Kuhn, Brenda  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
Between 1921 and 1945
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11125
See more items in:
Wood and Adelaide Lawson Gaylor papers, 1866-[circa 1986]
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11125

Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984, bulk 1900-1949

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Subject:
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Quinn, John  Search this
Rainford, Percy  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Oldfield, Otis  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Kuhn, Brenda  Search this
Weston, Edward  Search this
Penguin Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Kit Kat Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
International Exhibition of Modern Art  Search this
Association of American Painters and Sculptors (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Topic:
New York school of art  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9172
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211367
AAA_collcode_kuhnwalt
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211367
Online Media:

Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers, 1833-1980, bulk 1900-1980

Creator:
Dasburg, Andrew Michael, 1887-1979  Search this
Johnson, Grace Mott, 1882-1967  Search this
Subject:
Cramer, Florence Ballin  Search this
Carlson, John F.  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Frankl, Walter  Search this
Davidson, Jo  Search this
Davidson, Florence Lucius  Search this
Sterling, Lindsey  Search this
Wright, Alice Morgan  Search this
Kuhn, Vera  Search this
Lockwood, Ward  Search this
Howard, Lila  Search this
Johnson, Grace Mott  Search this
Riley, Mary G.  Search this
Simonson, Lee  Search this
Luhan, Mabel Dodge  Search this
McFee, Henry Lee  Search this
Type:
Poetry
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State)  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7320
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209473
AAA_collcode_dasbandr
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209473
Online Media:

Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records

Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Names:
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Association of American Painters and Sculptors (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
International Exhibition of Modern Art  Search this
Kit Kat Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Penguin Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen), 1862-1928  Search this
Kuhn, Brenda, 1911-  Search this
Kuhn, Vera, d. 1961  Search this
Oldfield, Otis, 1890-1969  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Quinn, John, 1870-1924  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Photographer:
Rainford, Percy  Search this
Weston, Edward, 1886-1958  Search this
Extent:
31 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Date:
1859-1984
bulk 1900-1949
Summary:
The Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records measure 31 linear feet and date from 1859 to 1984, with the bulk of material dating from 1900 to 1949. Papers contain records of the legendary Armory Show of 1913, also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, which introduced modern European painting and sculpture to the American public. Papers also contain records of the Association of American Painters and Sculptors (AAPS), the artist-run organization that mounted the Armory Show; records of the New York artists' clubs the Kit Kat Club (founded 1881) and the Penguin Club (founded 1917); and the personal and family papers of New York artist Walt Kuhn (1877-1949), one of the primary organizers of the Armory Show.
Scope and Contents note:
The Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records measure 31 linear feet and date from 1859 to 1984, with the bulk of material dating from 1900 to 1949. Papers contain records of the legendary Armory Show of 1913, also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, which introduced modern European painting and sculpture to the American public. Papers also contain records of the Association of American Painters and Sculptors (AAPS), the artist-run organization that mounted the Armory Show; records of the New York artists' clubs the Kit Kat Club (founded 1881) and the Penguin Club (founded 1917); and the personal and family papers of New York artist Walt Kuhn (1877-1949), one of the primary organizers of the Armory Show.

As Secretary for the AAPS, Kuhn retained the bulk of existing records of that organization and of the Armory Show. Minutes and correspondence make up most of the AAPS records (Series 2), as well as documents related to John Quinn's legal brief against a tariff on imported works of living artists. Armory Show Records (Series 1) include personal letters, voluminous business correspondence, a record book, miscellaneous notes, inventories and shipping records, two large scrapbooks, printed materials, a small number of photographs, and retrospective accounts of the show. The printed materials and photographs in Kit Kat Club and Penguin Club Records reflect Kuhn's deep involvement in those clubs.

The Walt Kuhn Family Papers (Series 4) contain records of his artwork, career, travels, personal and professional associations, family members, and work in vaudeville, film, and interior design. Notable among the family papers are illustrated letters and other cartoons; sketches, drawings, watercolors, and prints; candid letters from Walt to Vera Kuhn discussing art scene politics and personalities in New York, Paris, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Florida, and the Midwest; general correspondence with artists, dealers, collectors, journalists, writers, models, and fans; notes in index card files containing biographical anecdotes of the Kuhns' many contacts; provenance files that document the origin and fate of Kuhn's paintings, sculptures, and prints; papers relating to Kuhn's exhibitions and his relationships with the Marie Harriman Gallery and Durand-Ruel Gallery; and photographs and drawings depicting Kuhn's early years in Munich, Germany and Fort Lee, New Jersey; trips to Nova Scotia, New England, the Western United States, and Europe; New York and summer studios, among other subjects.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged into 4 series, with multiple subseries in Series 1 and 4.

Missing Title

Series 1: Armory Show Records, 1912-1963 (Boxes 1-2, 27-31, 56, OV 36; 3.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Association of American Painters and Sculptors (AAPS) Records, 1911-1914, undated (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Kit Kat Club and Penguin Club Records, 1909-1923, undated (Box 3, 32, 56, OVs 37-38; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Walt Kuhn Family Papers, 1859-1984, undated (Box 3-26, 32-35, 56-57, OVs 39-55, 58; 26.7 linear feet)

In general, documents are arranged chronologically, alphabetically, or by type of material. Copy negatives and copy prints made from documents in this collection have been filed separately from originals, in a folder marked "copy." Duplicates of original records made or obtained by the Kuhns have been filed separately as well.

Existing envelopes are filed in front of correspondence and enclosures directly after. Correspondence in the Armory Show Records and AAPS Records is arranged alphabetically, and correspondents are listed in the box inventory following series descriptions below.
Biographical/Historical note:
Walt Kuhn (1877-1949) was an etcher, lithographer, and watercolorist, as well as being a teacher, an advisor to art collectors, an organizer, and a promoter of modern art. He played a key role in the art scene of New York City in the early 20th century, and was among the small group that organized the infamous Armory Show of 1913, officially known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, held at the 69th Regiment Armory building in New York City. After the Armory Show, Kuhn went on to a distinguished career as a painter. He was best known for his sober oil portraits of show people, clowns, acrobats, and circus performers, but was equally prolific in landscapes, still lifes, and figure and genre drawings.

Walt Kuhn was born in Brooklyn, NY in 1877. After a brief career as a bicycle shop owner in downtown Brooklyn, Kuhn traveled West in 1899 to San Francisco, CA and earned his living as a cartoonist for newspapers such as Wasp. After two years in California, he moved back East and then on to Europe to pursue further art training. He briefly attended the Académie Colarossi studio in Paris, but quickly moved to Munich where he joined the class of Heinrich von Zügel in the Royal Academy.

Kuhn returned to New York City in 1904 and took up an active role in the art scene there, participating in the Salmagundi Club and the Kit Kat Club, teaching at the New York School of Art, and cartooning for Life, Judge, Puck, and other publications. In 1910, he participated in an exhibition of Independent Artists on 35th St. with Robert Henri and met artist Arthur B. Davies.

In 1911, when the National Academy of Design opened their annual exhibition, Kuhn, Henry Fitch Taylor, Elmer MacRae, and Jerome Myers were exhibiting at Clara Potter Davidge's Madison Gallery. To these four young artists, the Academy exhibition was typically lackluster, and the attention it received was unwarranted. Sensing that they were not alone in their attitude, they decided to organize. They invited a dozen other artists to join them, thus forming the Association of American Painters and Sculptors (AAPS). The group elected Kuhn Secretary and Arthur B. Davies President, and with the help of attorney and art collector John Quinn, they incorporated and began raising funds for an independent exhibition the following year.

In September of 1912, at Davies' suggestion, Kuhn traveled to Cologne, Germany to view the Sonderbund Internationale Kunst-Austellung. There he saw presented, in overwhelming volume, the work of his European contemporaries and their modern antecedents, the post-impressionists. He immediately began selecting and securing artwork for the upcoming AAPS exhibition. Kuhn traveled through Germany, Holland, France, and England, visiting private collectors, dealers, and artists. In Paris, Kuhn was joined by Davies and American artist and art agent Walter Pach. Kuhn and Davies sailed for New York in November, leaving the details of European arrangements to Pach.

The resulting Armory Show exhibition opened in New York in February 1913, and a selection of the foreign works traveled to Chicago and Boston in March and April. It included approximately 1300 American and European works of art, arranged in the exhibition space to advance the notion that the roots of modernism could be seen in the works of the old masters, from which the dramatically new art of living artists had evolved. Savvy and sensational publicity, combined with strategic word-of-mouth, resulted in attendance figures over 200,000 and over $44 thousand in sales. The Armory Show had demonstrated that modern art had a place in the public taste, that there was a market for it and legitimate critical support as well.

During the first World War, Kuhn stayed in NY and was active in the Kit Kat Club, an artists' club founded in 1881, which provided its members with collective studio space, live models, exhibitions, and an annual costume ball. In 1917, Kuhn founded another group called the Penguin Club, which had similar objectives to the Kit Kat Club, but with Kuhn himself as the gatekeeper. In addition to exhibitions and costume balls, the Penguin Club held summer outings and stag dinners, and maintained collective studio and exhibition space on East 15th Street in Manhattan. Its members included Americans and European artists displaced by the war in Europe. In the 1920s, Kuhn expanded a few sketches he had written for Penguin Balls into full-blown vaudeville productions, some of which were incorporated into larger musical revues such as The Merry Go Round and The 49ers and traveled around the country. Kuhn's theater work continued until 1928, and his fascination with show business continued to influence him throughout his life.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Kuhn gradually achieved recognition for his artwork, with sales to private collectors and dealers including Edith Halpert, Merritt Cutler, Lillie Bliss, John Quinn, and Marie Harriman. Kuhn also promoted other young painters whose work he liked, including Otis Oldfield, Lily Emmet Cushing, John Laurent, Frank di Gioia, and the self-taught Vermont artist Patsy Santo. Sometimes artists would contact him by mail, asking for lessons or advice. His lengthy letters to students offer coaching in technique and subject matter, as well as in the overall problem of success in art.

In 1929, Kuhn moved into the 18th St. studio that he would keep until the end of his life. He kept a rack of costumes in the studio, mostly made by Vera Kuhn, and his models, many of them stage and circus performers, would come and sit for Kuhn's portraits. The same year his painting The White Clown was exhibited at the newly established Museum of Modern Art in New York, bringing intense publicity and sales interest. Around this time, Kuhn began to receive the support of collector Duncan Phillips and curator Juliana Force of the Whitney Museum of American Art, both of whom made purchases and consistently exhibited his work.

Marie Norton Whitney Harriman, second wife of railroad magnate and diplomat W. Averell Harriman, shared a professional liaison with Kuhn that would take many forms and last until his death. Soon after the success of The White Clown, Kuhn established a relationship with the Marie Harriman Gallery, where he participated in group and solo shows during the height of his career. Kuhn also traveled with the Harrimans to Europe in 1931, where the three visited important private collections and acquired many valuable modern paintings for the Harrimans. Their collection, so heavily influenced by Kuhn's ideas about art, would eventually go to the National Gallery of Art.

Kuhn was an artist who understood the art business and never shied away from it. For Kuhn, promoting the ideas and practitioners of a certain brand of modernism was an expression of both aesthetic ideology and pragmatic self-interest. His contribution to the public discourse on modernism situated his own work at the heart of art history and the marketplace. Regardless of his motivations, he was indisputably a key player at a pivotal time in American art, when academic art was riotoulsy overturned to make way for modernism. His paintings are now held in major museum collections around the country, where most of them arrived with bequests from the collectors Kuhn had cultivated so carefully in his lifetime.

Sources consulted for this biography include The Story of the Armory Show (1988) by Milton W. Brown, Walt Kuhn, Painter: His Life and Work (1978) by Philip Rhys Adams, and "Walt Kuhn" by Frank Getlein, in the 1967 catalog of the Kennedy Galleries, Inc.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art holds the papers of Walter Pach, the European representative of the Armory Show.
Provenance:
The Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records were loaned for microfilming and later donated to the Archives of American Art by Walt Kuhn's daughter Brenda Kuhn in several installments between 1962 and 1979. An additional accession of letters, photographs, and an artifact was purchased by the Archives in 2000. Another addition was donated by Terry DeLapp, Kuhn's dealer, in 2015.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Etchers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Watercolorists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Lithographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
New York school of art  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Citation:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kuhnwalt
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99ee222af-4da2-4011-b910-9e0933a5f81e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kuhnwalt
Online Media:

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