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Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection

Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Packages
Diaries
Place:
Racine (Wis.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
1942-1948, 1991-1993
Scope and Contents:
Includes 7 VHS videotapes and 1 audio tape produced by Florice Whyte Kovan, containing interviews and recollections by some band members. Studio portraits and snapshot photographs in 3 scrapbooks, which also contain display advertisements and newspaper clippings from about the band, 1940s. Snapshots include documentation of the band's travels and leisure activities while on the road, including swimming, horseback riding, etc. Packaged hotel soap bars collected by Betty Hansen during the bands' touring documents their itinerary, as do picture postcards written by Alice Smaus Jacoby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Unmounted snapshots

Series 2: Scrapbooks

Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's postcards

Series 4: Packaged soap samples

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials

Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints

Series 7: Oversized Photoprints

The scrapbook pages are arranged in original order, apparently partly chronological, but series 1 snapshots are in topical order.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded 1942 in Racine, Wis., by Virgil Whyte, his "all-girl" band was composed of young Racine women. Whyte was instructor, manager, and the initial leader on drums; later his sister Alice took over as drummer. After initial success in Racine and elsewhere in Wisconsin, the band began to accept engagements in other parts of the country, eventually touring the U.S. The band's success drew other acts and performers, including Jill Fontaine and the Wilford Mae Trio, Sam Hearn (known as "Schlepperman"), the Woodson Sisters, and Paul La Verre and Bro. They did U.S.O. tours, entertaining servicemen.

The principal donor, a free-lance researcher and writer, is the daughter of Virgil Whyte.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Florice Kovan, 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Tap dancers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Topic:
Travel photography -- 1940-1950 -- U.S.  Search this
Barracks -- 1940-1950  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Horseback riding -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Comedians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Band music -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Musicians  Search this
Horses -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Beaches -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming pools -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz -- 1940-1950  Search this
Portraits -- Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap -- Packaged
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Packages
Diaries
Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep862348874-be31-467f-81fb-a872a712966b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0503
Online Media:

Unmounted Snapshots

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Doris Kahl Nilo's snapshots from two small albums: 123 black-and-white silver gelatin prints and 1 color print. Albums, of recent vintage, not period, are included in the box. Gift of Doris Kahl Nilo.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 1
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep855e0f71a-1984-4aad-a2d8-69419eb0edf3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref518

Scrapbooks

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 2
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82ce30ed1-b335-43f6-94b3-39c0130e16de
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref519

Alice Smaus Jacoby's Picture Postcards

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 3
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8460d062c-2646-4159-88a8-0f84b525b8ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref520

Packaged soap samples

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 4
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8609cbdf4-dafb-45dc-afb4-f3c48d494ede
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref521

Audiovisual Materials

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1991-1993
Scope and Contents:
Audiotape and videotapes of interviews with former band members, created by Florice Whyte Kovan, 1991-1993. These tapes are copies; Ms. Kovan retains the originals. Note: there is no volume 5 in this series.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 5
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87fcae690-8701-4d87-b193-32c0ff2ce4f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref522

Framed Portrait Photoprints

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 6
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ed881848-71f0-42d6-91da-ebba1c0e103f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref523

Oversize Photoprints

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503, Series 7
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d1f7fdd7-c49c-44ac-987f-3a51ab8750cd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref524

Four photoprints of the band during performance, mounted on foam-core board

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 7: Oversize Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86b200c0e-0595-4d59-b97c-02557fbb0d88
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref525

Frames

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 8
Box 9
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The Frames are identical in style, in two basic sizes, so apparently are not original, perhaps having been supplied by Ms. Kovan. The framed portraits duplicate some found in the scrapbooks. Large professional photographs of the band members depict them with their musical instruments.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep856356376-4870-4d7a-8509-5e0140b51170
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref526

Six small framed photographs from band members' childhoods, including a photograph of a young Virgil Whyte with his drums.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ca0cfb40-f187-49e6-a954-823031a86371
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref527

Scrapbook containing samples of wrapped soap from hotels.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 4: Packaged soap samples
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep823d6ce2b-2acb-4ee3-94ee-ad9c2e9f6512
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref528

Scrapbook, ex-coll. Doris Kahl Nilo. Gift of Doris Kahl Nilo.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 2: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ed80ea61-3ded-4b6f-b0a7-3943669551b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref529

Scrapbook, ex-coll. Doris Kahl Nilo. Gift of Doris Kahl Nilo.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 2: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b400e8d3-fa52-42ce-b42c-eb3106242e2f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref530

Scrapbook, ex-coll. Betty Knudsen Hansen. Gift of Betty Knudsen Hansen.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 2: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82746a99d-d34a-4e61-9c9e-4fdb367b9775
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref531

Picture postcards

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
38 postcards (stamped and postmarked), nearly all containing messages from Alice Smaus to her parents in Downers Grove, Illinois, and to her future husband, P.F.C. Gerald Jacoby at Camp Keaney, Nebraska; mailed from locations in the South where the band entertained. Most images are photolithographs, but the group includes a "real photo" card of Amphitrite Hotel and its "gangplank," Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. The cards are in an album with plastic pages, apparently supplied by Ms. Kovan, not actually used by Ms. Jacoby. Donated by Alice Smaus Jacoby.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's Picture Postcards
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a9a2b73f-b0cc-473e-a3ed-f970fedd1160
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref532

Printout of a computer catalogue of the postcards by Pamela Hoyle, which describes the images and publishers of the postcards, but not the message content.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's Picture Postcards
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c79ed958-b666-4e91-96f9-6fe75eb530d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref533

List of postcards, holograph by Ms. Kovan, 2 pp.

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's Picture Postcards
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c3ddd1af-b26f-4025-b36c-40ae4d3d90c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref534

72nd Anniversary Program, Kenosha Pops Concert Band, containing article by Alice M. [Smaus] Jacoby, "History of the Pops."

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's Picture Postcards
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep878715c01-daca-4027-99a7-f0590579a643
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref535

Members of Virgil Whyte's "All Girl Band," taken 10/19/91 (1).

Collection Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Collection Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection / Series 1: Unmounted Snapshots
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8acc377f5-fa85-403c-8895-60b9a22452e5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0503-ref536

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