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Interviews with artists participating in the Popular Image exhibition, Washington Gallery of Modern Art

Creator:
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Subject:
Brecht, George  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Rosenquist, James  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Watts, Robert M.  Search this
Wesley, John  Search this
Wesselmann, Tom  Search this
Washington Gallery of Modern Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1963
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19362
See more items in:
Washington Gallery of Modern Art records, 1959-1992
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19362

Joan Kron papers

Topic:
Tonight Show (Television Program)
Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Names:
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia,Pa.)  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey, 1931-2018  Search this
Indiana, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Maitin, Sam  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000 -- Photographs  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Watts, Robert M., 1923-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Paintings
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1959-1971
Summary:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.

Papers relating to Kron's volunteer chairmanship of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia include general files concerning the administration and operation of the organization, as well as exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise 1967.) Files generally consist of correspondence, clippings and other printed materials, notes and writings, photographs, and financial documents. The exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary include a typescript "Dictionary Suggestions" by Billy Klüver which contains slang terms with creative definitions, and photographs of Claes Oldenburg, Billy Klüver, Joan Kron, Sam Maitin, Niki de Saint-Phalle, Audrey Sabol, George Segal, Jean Tinguely, and Robert Watts. The files for Museum of Merchandise contain a painting on paper by Geoffrey Hendricks, a drawing by Ray Johnson, a photograph of fabric designer Karl Rosenberg, a photograph of a wedding dress design by Christo, and a 1/2" open reel videotape made by Nam Jun Paik of Kron's appearance on The Tonight Show.

The records of the Beautiful Bag and Box Co., an art entrepreneurial business created by Kron and her colleague Audrey Sabol, include correspondence, a ledger of sales and deposits, income tax records, miscellaneous invoices, notes and writings, clippings, miscellaneous printed material, and photographs. Also found are project/product files for Art Museum Store, Temporary Tattoos, Durable Dishes designed by Roy Lichtenstein, Eat Pin likely designed by Robert Indiana, Art on Billboards, and Stunning Stationery. The file for project Art on Billboards contains postcards from Allan Kaprow and Jim Dine expressing interest in the project, and a photograph of Edwin and Audrey Sabol on a motorcycle posing in front of a billboard designed by Roy Lichtenstein. There is also a 7" audio reel tape recording of a radio program Hey, Look at That containing comments about billboards from Kron, Roy Lichtenstein, architect Robert Venturi, and Evan H. Turner, Director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Series 1: Arts Council of the YM/YWHA of Philadelphia, 1959-1971 (Box 1-2, OV 3; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Beautiful Bag and Box Co., 1963-1969 (Box 1-2; 0.8 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Joan Kron (circa 1928-) is a fashion and style journalist in New York City, but began her career in Philadelphia as an advocate of avante-garde artists and co-founder of The Beautiful Bag Co. which worked with artists to produce commercial household and fashion art products. Kron worked on projects with Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Indiana, among others.

Joan Kron was born circa 1928 in New York. She studied at the Yale University School of Drama from 1946-1948, graduating with a degree in costume design. She married surgeon Dr. Samuel Kron and lived in Philadelphia during the 1960s. For almost a decade, Kron volunteered as chairman of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia (YM/YWHA.) The YM/YMA Arts Council focused on promoting and hosting new and avant-garde programs in dance, theatre, poetry, crafts, and the visual arts. Under Kron's leadership, the YM/YWHA Arts Council curated Arts1963/A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise (1967.)

Kron's work with the Arts Council allowed her to build business partnerships with several artists. She partnered with Andy Warhol to produce a line of perfume, "You're In," packaged in silver Coca-Cola bottles, with Robert Indiana for a Love Ring, and other products and projects associated with the exhibitions of the Arts Council. Then, around 1964, she partnered with colleague Audrey Sabol to form The Beautiful Bag and Box Co. and continued to explore commercial products created or designed by artists, including a line of dinnerware "Durable Dishes" designed by Roy Lichtenstein, a series of billboards displaying art work and the Eat Pin, most likely designed by Robert Indiana.

Kron began her career in journalism in the late 1960s by contributing an article about a cannabis harvest in an upscale neighborhood to the Philadelphia magazine in 1969. She continued to write for the magazine until after her divorce. She moved to New York City in 1971 and was hired by New York magazine. She researched and wrote a special issue about the blossoming SoHo art district. Kron then focused the remainder of her career primarily on writing, and worked for a number of magazines and newspapers, and published several books. As of 2010, she was living in New York City and working as contributing editor at large for Condé Nast's Allure magazine, primarily covering the subject of cosmetic surgery.
Related Materials:
Additional copies of microfilm reels 4224-4225 are available at the Free Library of Philadelphia.

Also found in the Archives are selected papers of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association Arts Council that were loaned by Judith Golden for microfilming, and are now available only on microfilm reels 3898. Another small collection of printed material from the YM/WHA records was donated by Acey Wolgin and microfilmed on reel 4340, and transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library's vertical files.
Provenance:
Joan Kron donated her papers in 1987.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Topic:
Curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art United States  Search this
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Paintings
Ledgers (account books)
Citation:
Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kronjoan
See more items in:
Joan Kron papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kronjoan
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dore Ashton

Interviewee:
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Sampson, George E., 1951-  Search this
Creator:
Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project  Search this
Names:
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art -- Faculty  Search this
Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project  Search this
Harvard University -- Students  Search this
New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.) -- Students  Search this
New York Times Company  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Devree, Howard, 1891-1966  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Orlovsky, Peter, 1933-2010  Search this
Paz, Octavio, 1914-  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Reynal, Jeanne, 1903-  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Selz, Peter Howard, 1919-2019  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Yunkers, Adja, 1900-1983  Search this
Extent:
67 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2010 November 21 - 2011 March 9
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Dore Ashton conducted 2010 November 21 and 2011 March 9, by George W. Sampson, for the Archives of American Art's Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts project, at Ashton's home, in New York, New York.
Ashton talks about growing up politically active; protesting the internment of the Japanese Americans during WWII; attending The New School and then Harvard University; briefly working as a gallery receptionist; writing her first reviews for Art Digest; Howard Devree hiring her as a writer for The New York Times; travels and living in Europe; writing feature pieces about individual artists for The New York Times; writing for Cahiers d'art; her relationships Franz Kline, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Philip Guston, Robert Motherwell, Billy Kluver, Robert Rauschenberg, Octavio Paz, and others; marriage to Adja Yunkers; teaching at Cooper Union; interest in Latin American Art; flirting; being a "dedicated reader of Nietzsche"; visits to the Cedar Tavern; being a peacenik; and other topics. She recalls Jeanne Reynal, Mario Pedrosa, Alger Hiss, Peter Selz, Peter Orlovsky, David Smith, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Dore Ashton (1928-2017) was an art historian in New York, New York. George W. Sampson (1951-) is an arts administrator in Charlottesville, Virginia.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 memory cards. Duration is 2 hr., 57 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- Political activity  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.ashton10
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ashton10

Oral history interview with Julie B. Martin, 2018 Nov. 7-8

Interviewee:
Martin, Julie, 1938-  Search this
Interviewer:
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)397104
AAA_collcode_martin18
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_397104
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Julie B. Martin

Interviewee:
Martin, Julie, 1938-  Search this
Creator:
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Experiments in Art and Technology (Organization)  Search this
Interviewer:
Zapol, Liza, 1978-  Search this
Extent:
14 Items (sound files (6 hr., 21 min.) Audio, digital, wav)
95 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2018 Nov. 7-8
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Julie B. Martin conducted 2018 November 7 and 8, by Liza Zapol, for the Archives of American Art at the Archives of American Art's office in New York, New York and at Martin's home in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey.
Martin speaks of growing up in Nashville, Tennessee; traveling through Europe with family; her family business; her family's politics and relationship to religion and the arts; the expectations of her and her academic achievement; her time at Harvard and Columbia; her interest in Russia and her experiences in the Soviet Union; her experiences and education in art in New York and Europe; working with Robert Whitman; her thoughts on the Relationship of Judson Dance Theater to 9 Evenings; her recollections of the 9 Evenings artists use of technology and engineering; her thoughts on Oracle and Billy Klüver's relationship to Robert Rauschenberg; her understanding of Klüver's relationship to Robert Whitman, and Whitman's relationship to engineering and technology; her thoughts about the differences between Happenings and theatrical performance; her thoughts on gender and E.A.T., and homosexuality and the arts community; her recollections of the 1970s and Projects Outside Art with E.A.T.. Martin describes the Osaka "Pavillion" project, including the collaborations and engineering projects; her understanding of Fujiko Nakaya's fog sculpture and Martin's relationship with Nakaya; the concept of the environment and invisible environments, her memories of David Tutor's sound works; the relationship of E.A.T. to Shunk-Kender; the various parts of E.A.T.'s work in India; the history of the "New York Collection for Stockholm;" Her understanding of Klüver's work prior to, and concurrent with the founding of E.A.T. at Bell Labs; the collaboration with Klüver on a book on "Kiki de Montparnasse;" their interviews and research on artists from 1945-1965; and other projects; Martin describes the idealism of E.A.T.; the ongoing work and legacy of E.A.T.; Martin's ongoing work with Robert Whitman and Sylvia Palacios Whitman; her marriage to Klüver and Klüver's death; her interviews with artists involved in the Real Estate Show; the reconstruction of the footage of "9 Evenings;" her work with Simone Forti on "Cloths;" and a discussion of performance documentation and technology. Martin also recalls Claes Oldenberg; Allan Kaprow; Red Grooms; Jim Dine; Simone Forti; Carolee Schneemann; Steve Paxton; Yvonne Rainer; Jasper Johns; Merce Cunningham; John Cage; Robert Breer, Frosty Myers; Elsa Garmire; David Tudor; Tony Martin; John Pierce; Larry Owens; Pontus Hultén; Öyvind Fahlström; Lowell Cross; Shunk-Kender; Porter McCray; La Monte Young; Terry Riley; Trisha Brown; Allan Kaprow; Alfons Schilling, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Julie Martin (1938- ) is the Director of Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.). Liza Zapol (1978- ) is the Robert and Arlene Kogod Secretarial Scholar in Oral History at the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
The transcript and recording are open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.martin18
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-martin18

Robert Rauschenberg [videorecording] : inventive genius / a co-production of Thirteen/WNET and Film Odyssey, Inc. ; directed, written and produced by Karen Thomas

Title:
Robert Rauschenberg, inventive genius
Author:
Thomas, Karen  Search this
Hopper, Dennis 1936-  Search this
Saff, Donald 1937-  Search this
Rauschenberg, Christopher 1951-  Search this
Tomkins, Calvin 1925-  Search this
Cunningham, Merce  Search this
Kotz, Mary Lynn  Search this
Close, Chuck 1940-  Search this
Javits, Marian B  Search this
Rosenquist, James 1933-  Search this
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Goldman, Judith  Search this
Marden, Brice 1938-  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Felsen, Sidney B  Search this
Goldston, Bill  Search this
Brown, Trisha 1936-  Search this
Byrne, David 1952-  Search this
WNET (Television station : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Film Odyssey (Firm)  Search this
Fox Lorber Associates  Search this
WinStar Home Entertainment (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Rauschenberg, Robert 1925-2008  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert 1925-2008 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
1 videocassette (57 min.) : sd., col. with b&w sequences ; 1/2 in
Type:
Videorecordings
Date:
1999
C1999
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
video 000372
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_610715

What are you working on now? : a pictorial memoir of the 60's / by Billy Klüver

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Experiments in Art and Technology (Organization)  Search this
Physical description:
99 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1983
C1983
20th century
Topic:
Arts, American  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)--History  Search this
Technology and the arts--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
NX504 .K46 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_651682

A day with Picasso : twenty-four photographs by Jean Cocteau / Billy Klüver

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Subject:
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973 Pictorial works  Search this
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973 Friends and associates Pictorial works  Search this
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 Contributions in photography  Search this
Physical description:
99 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Call number:
N40.1.P58 K58 E1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_525498

Kiki's Paris : artists and lovers 1900-1930 / by Billy Klüver and Julie Martin

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Martin, Julie  Search this
Subject:
Kiki 1901-1953  Search this
Physical description:
263 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
France
Paris
Montparnasse (Paris, France)
Date:
1989
20th century
Topic:
Artists--Biography  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Artists' models  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_369566

E.A.T. bibliography, August 12, 1965-January 18, 1980 / by Billy Klüver

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Subject:
Experiments in Art and Technology (Organization) Bibliography  Search this
Physical description:
87 p. : group port. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
C1980
Call number:
Z5936.E87 K66 1980
Z5936.E87K66 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_132889

Pavilion. By Experiments in Art and Technology. Edited by Billy Klüver, Julie Martin, and Barbara Rose

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Martin, Julie Pavilion  Search this
Rose, Barbara Pavilion  Search this
Experiments in Art and Technology (Organization)  Search this
Subject:
Expo (International Exhibitions Bureau) (1970 : Osaka, Japan)  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 346 p. illus. 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
Topic:
Art and technology  Search this
Call number:
N72.T4 K66
N72.T4K66
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_40758

Inventing downtown : artist-run galleries in New York City, 1952-1965 / Melissa Rachleff ; introduction by Lynn Gumpert ; interviews by Billy Klüver and Julie Martin

Author:
Rachleff, Melissa  Search this
Writer of introduction:
Gumpert, Lynn  Search this
Interviewer:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Martin, Julie 1938-  Search this
Host institution:
Grey Art Gallery  Search this
Physical description:
296 pages : illustrations (some color), color map ; 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Lower Manhattan (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
2017
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artist-run galleries  Search this
Intellectual life  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1072637

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