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Library of Congress Copyright Office photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Library of Congress. Copyright Office  Search this
Photographer:
Alfred S. Campbell Art Co.  Search this
Alligator Farm  Search this
Art Foto Company  Search this
Bailey Company  Search this
C. C. Pierce & Company  Search this
Case & Draper  Search this
Cobbs, The  Search this
Cornish & Baker  Search this
Crippen & Reese  Search this
Curtis & Miller  Search this
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Fred Harvey (Firm)  Search this
H.H. Bennett Studio  Search this
Harrison & Harris  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
James & Pierce  Search this
John F. Byrnes & Co.  Search this
Karl E. Moon & Co.  Search this
Kendrick Studio  Search this
Kesir Brothers  Search this
Lewiston Business College  Search this
Locke & Peterson  Search this
Lomen Bros.  Search this
Mary Ann Studio  Search this
McIllheney & Engstrom  Search this
Mishler & Walker  Search this
National Art Co.  Search this
Osborne Company  Search this
Perry & Petrik  Search this
Robinsons, The  Search this
Rose & Hopkins  Search this
Smith & Hassel  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Adams, Ira Clay  Search this
Allyn, Harry J.  Search this
Anderson, J. A. (John Alvin), 1869-1948  Search this
Anderson, John F.  Search this
Anderson, Oliver P. (Oliver Phelps)  Search this
Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948  Search this
Arnold, C. D. (Charles Dudley), 1844-1927  Search this
Arnold, John J.  Search this
Baker, A. J.  Search this
Bakey, William August  Search this
Black, T. Henry  Search this
Blessing, J. Lynne  Search this
Blotcky, Abraham G.  Search this
Boag, W. J. (William John)  Search this
Boos, Edward H.  Search this
Bortell, P. Clinton  Search this
Bowman, W. S. (Walter S.)  Search this
Bradford, C. S. (Charles Sydney)  Search this
Brady, Ferdinand  Search this
Bratley, J. H. (Jesse H.)  Search this
Brewster, Arthur J.  Search this
Britain, J. W.  Search this
Buchman, Albert R.  Search this
Bunnell, S. U.  Search this
Burke, F. P. (Frank P.)  Search this
Carpenter, A. C.  Search this
Clark, R. H.  Search this
Cline, Walter M., 1873-1941  Search this
Collins, J. W.  Search this
Cornish, Geo. B. (George Bancroft)  Search this
Countryman, Edwin W., 1872-1946  Search this
Crossland, W. R.  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davis, Trevor M.  Search this
Dean, F. E.  Search this
Distin, William  Search this
Dixon, Joseph K. (Joseph Kossuth)  Search this
Dobbs, B. B. (Beverly Bennett)  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Drake, J. D.  Search this
Drum, O.  Search this
Duckwall, David Thomas Jr  Search this
Eickemeyer, Carl  Search this
Eklund, Hildore C.  Search this
Ellingson, M. A. (Martin A.)  Search this
Emery, C. E. (Charles E.)  Search this
Endner, Harry W.  Search this
Evans, Wilmot R.  Search this
Fair, Henry, 1856-  Search this
Faulk, B. J.  Search this
Fawcett, Waldon  Search this
Fewkes, John  Search this
Fine, Eben G.  Search this
Fishbaugh, W. A. (William A.)  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Fitch, W. T.  Search this
Fly, M. E.  Search this
Forrest, Earle R. (Earle Robert), 1883-1969  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Freeman, Emma B., 1880-1928  Search this
Fully, Albert  Search this
Gifford, Benjamin A.  Search this
Gifford, Ralph  Search this
Gilpin, Laura  Search this
Glasier, E. C. (Emma C.)  Search this
Glasier, F. W. (Frederick W.)  Search this
Goetze, O. D. (Otto Daniel)  Search this
Gonner, F. (Frank)  Search this
Grabill, John C. H.  Search this
Grady, M. A.  Search this
Graves, Faye, -1945  Search this
Hakkerup, N. L. (N. Larson)  Search this
Hall, A. W.  Search this
Hall, Fred G.  Search this
Hamilton, James R.  Search this
Hance, G. W. (George W.)  Search this
Hand, Fred  Search this
Haran, J. A.  Search this
Harrison, J. V.  Search this
Hartwell, Sidney R.  Search this
Haynes, Jack Ellis, 1884-1962  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond, 1861-1936  Search this
Herman, Eddie  Search this
Hibbard, C. J.  Search this
Hill, Eva M.  Search this
Hill, Harry E., 1869-1937  Search this
Homan, Edward Jr  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Hunt, P. S. (Phinney S.), 1866-1917  Search this
Ingersoll, T. W. (Truman Ward), 1862-1922  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Jansrud, J. C.  Search this
Jensen, W. F.  Search this
Johnson, George W.  Search this
Johnson, Jessamine Spear, 1886-  Search this
Johnson, John A.  Search this
Jones, Ida  Search this
Kellogg, P. H.  Search this
Kern, Bernhard  Search this
Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)  Search this
Kinsey, Darius, 1869-1945  Search this
Kip, Benjamin M.  Search this
Kiser, Fred H.  Search this
Knott, Franklin Price  Search this
La Roche, Frank, 1853-1934  Search this
Langdon, J. W. (John Warren)  Search this
Lange, William  Search this
Ledford, Duke E.  Search this
Lewis, Anna  Search this
Linton, Esther Letitia, 1866-  Search this
Logston, E. W.  Search this
Lubken, Walter J., 1881-1960  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacKenzie, Colin (Colin H.)  Search this
Markham, B. C. (Benjamin Clayton)  Search this
Markley, Iris  Search this
Matthews, George L.  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
McAllister, William O.  Search this
McClintock, Walter, 1870-1949  Search this
McKay, R. H. (Rollin H.)  Search this
McKee, Thomas M., 1854-1939  Search this
McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Meiser, J. A. (Jesse A.)  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mercer, Anson Cary  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merryman, Aubrey Ewert  Search this
Metcalfe, Frederick Andrew  Search this
Meyers, Henry C.  Search this
Miller, James A.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929  Search this
Moore, F. E. (Frank E.)  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee, 1850-1926  Search this
Morris, Charles E.  Search this
Morris, T. A.  Search this
Murray, Sylvia E.  Search this
Newcomb, Alta Ida  Search this
Newton, Warren Z.  Search this
Norcott, Culver K.  Search this
Northrup, Dale O.  Search this
Nowell, Frank H., 1864-1950  Search this
Oakes, Mortimer L.  Search this
Oliver, Warren Mack  Search this
Palmer, Frank, 1864-1920  Search this
Palmer, G. E.  Search this
Parker, Robert Gish  Search this
Peabody, Henry G. (Henry Greenwood), 1855-1951  Search this
Peeso, Frederick E.  Search this
Pennington, William M.  Search this
Percy, Henry George  Search this
Phelan, A. B.  Search this
Pickett, W. B.  Search this
Plank, Henriette A.  Search this
Pleissner, Ogden M.  Search this
Poley, H. S. (Horace Swartley)  Search this
Porter, Milton E. (Milton Edson)  Search this
Powell, Tod  Search this
Prestbus, Ingemar  Search this
Price, Robert C.  Search this
Putnam, A.  Search this
Quick, Floyd Edgar  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rauderbaugh  Search this
Reading, R. L.  Search this
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rice, Thomas J.  Search this
Risem, A.  Search this
Robinson, K. E.  Search this
Rogers, May S.  Search this
Ross, D. F.  Search this
Rosser, J. H.  Search this
Rowland, Perley C.  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
San Jule, F. E.  Search this
Schwemberger, Simeon  Search this
Scott, Frances  Search this
Shattuck, Rena  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Shipman, B. J.  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Siebert, Edward S.  Search this
Smith, Benjamin A.  Search this
Smith, Erminnie A. (Erminnie Adele), 1836-1886  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Spencer, George A.  Search this
Splawn, A. J.  Search this
Spurr, E. Willard  Search this
Squires, C. F.  Search this
Starrh, Thomas M.  Search this
Stephenson, Benton E.  Search this
Stevens, J. E.  Search this
Stimson, Joseph Elam, 1870-1952  Search this
Stonecipher, C. U.  Search this
Strakal, Chris J.  Search this
Sweney, Dallas R.  Search this
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924  Search this
Tancred, Douglas  Search this
Tangen, Ed, 1873-1951  Search this
Tanner, W. S.  Search this
Taylor, G. S. (Gracie S.)  Search this
Tees, Howard  Search this
Terry, John Jesse  Search this
Thedens, Fred R.  Search this
Thomas, Arthur  Search this
Thompson, Lucy, 1856-  Search this
Thompson, P. T.  Search this
Throssel, Richard, d. 1933  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Truman, Edward  Search this
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Turner, Thomas  Search this
Van Oeyen, L.  Search this
Waite, C. B. (Charles Betts), 1861-1927  Search this
Wallace, H. J.  Search this
Warren, O. B.  Search this
Waterman, O. W.  Search this
Wheeler, C. S.  Search this
White, Lily E.  Search this
Wolf, C. A.  Search this
Wores, Theodore, 1858-1939  Search this
Young, F. A. (Fred Andrew)  Search this
Names:
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Extent:
6,085 Mounted prints (circa, albumen, collodion, silver gelatin, platinum)
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Kato Indians  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Haida  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Palouse  Search this
Duwamish (Dwamish)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Interior Salish  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Peoria  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Swinomish  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Oto  Search this
Osage  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Ute  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Yuki  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Twana  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Cowichan  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Chehalis  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Chimakum  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1890s-1920s
1860s-1930s
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs relating to Native Americans, which were submitted to the copyright office of the Library of Congress in and around the early 20th century. Many of the photographs are studio portraits as well as photographs made as part of expeditions and railroad surveys. It includes images of people, dwellings and other structures, agriculture, arts and crafts, burials, ceremonies and dances, games, food preparation, transportation, and scenic views. Some of the photographs were posed to illustrate literary works, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha, while others depict paintings or other artwork.

Tribes represented are Achomawi, Ahtena, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cahita, Cahuilla, Cayuse, Chehalis, Chemehuevi, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chimakum, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Clatsop, Cocopa, Comanche, Cowichan, Cree, Creek, Crow, Dakota, Duwamish, Eskimo, Fox, Gros Ventre (Atsina), Gros Ventre (Hidatsa), Haida, Havasupai, Hoh, Hupa, Iroquois (including Mohawk, Onandaga, Seneca, and St. Regis), Kalispel, Karok, Kato, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Klickitat, Kutenai, Kwakiutl, Maidu, Makah, Mandan, Maricopa, Menominee, Miwok, Mohave, Mono, Navaho, Nez Perce, Nootka, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Paloos, Papago, Passamaquoddy, Pawnee, Peoria, Pima, Pomo, Ponca, Potawatomi, Pueblo (including Acoma, Cochiti, Hano, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, Sia, San Juan, Taos, Tesuque, and Zuni), Quahatika, Quapaw, Queets, Quileute, Quinault, Salish (including Flathead), Sarsi, Sauk and Fox, Seminole, Shawnee, Shoshoni, Sinkiuse, Skitswish, Spokan, Swinomish, Tenino, Tlingit, Tolowa, Tonkawa, Tsimshian, Twana, Umatilla, Ute, Wailaki, Walapai, Wallawalla, Wampanoag, Wappo, Wasco, Washo, Wichita, Winnebago, Wishram, Yakima, Yavapai, Yokuts, Yuki, Yuma, and Yurok.
Arrangement:
Collection is organized alphabetically by copyright claimant.
Biographical/Historical note:
The collection was formed from submissions made to the Library of Congress as part of the copyright registration process. In 1949, arrangements were made to allow the Bureau of American Ethnology to copy the collection and some negatives were made at that time, largely from the Heyn and Matzen photographs. The project was soon abandoned, however, as too large an undertaking for the facilities of the BAE. In 1957-1958, arrangements were begun by William C. Sturtevant of the BAE to transfer a set of the photographs from the Library of Congress to the BAE.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 59
Provenance:
In 1965, the Bureau merged with the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and in 1968 the Office of Anthropology Archives transformed into the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 59, Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.59
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-59

C. Hart Merriam photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Boysen Studio  Search this
Diller, J. S.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Meddaugh, O. E.  Search this
Names:
Muir, John, 1838-1914  Search this
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer)  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
5,000 Items (glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints)
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Patwin  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Shasta  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Koso (Panamint) Shoshone  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Ohlone (Costano)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Yokayo Pomo  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1902-1938
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Native American baskets and portraits of Native Americans with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
General note:
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-27

Grace Nicholson photograph collection

Creator:
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Maxwell, Thyra  Search this
Extent:
374 Photographic prints
38 Copy negatives
Culture:
Hupa  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1905-1930
Summary:
This collection contains 374 photographic prints and 38 copy negatives made by Grace Nicholson, a collector and dealer of Native American and Asian arts and crafts in Pasadena, California. The majority of the photographs were made between 1910 and 1930 among various native communities in California, though there are smaller amounts of photographs in Arizona and New Mexico. Communities photographed include—Hupa, Yurok, Pomo, Karuk (Karok), Tolowa, Yokayo Pomo, Achomawi (Pit River), Atsugewi (Hat Creek), Hopi Pueblo, Kumeyaay (Digueno), Mojave (Mohave), Paiute, Taos Pueblo, Wintu, Acoma Pueblo, Maidu, Chukchansi Yokuts, Yokuts.
Scope and Contents:
The Grace Nicholson photograph collection contains 374 black and white photographic prints (38 copy negatives) made by Grace Nicholson between 1905 and 1930 however many of the photographs are undated. The majority of the photographs were shot within various native communities in California, including Hupa, Yurok, Pomo, Karuk (Karok), Tolowa, Yokayo Pomo, Achomawi (Pit River), Atsugewi (Hat Creek), Maidu, Chukchansi Yokuts, Yokuts, Kumeyaay (Digueno), Wintu. There are smaller amounts of photographs from Arizona and New Mexico which include photographs within Hopi Pueblo, Taos Pueblo, Acoma Pueblo, Mojave (Mohave) and Paiute communities.

A large number of these photographs include portraits of Native men and women posed with baskets, either made by themselves or other community members. There are also posed portraits of families in front of their homes and going about their daily activities. Nicholson was often close with the families she photographed and took care to include their names with the images, though there are many photographs where the sitters are still unidentified. Some photographs of certain dances and ceremonies have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.

The majority of the prints are silver gelatin (DOP) and the copy negatives (acetate) were made by the Museum of the American Indian sometime in the 1960s as part of a large photograph conservation project. There were also a number of photographic prints found within the Grace Nicholson manuscript materials (NMAI.AC.001) that were transferred to the photo archives in the early 2000s.
Prints from Grace Nicholson: P05451-P05497, P05505, P08339-P08368, P08469-P08479, P09400-P09453, P09463-P09464, P09836-P09838. Prints from Thyra Maxwell: P18316-P18317, P18932-P19107, P20830-P20836, P20999-P21075. Prints pulled from the MAI records (NMAI.AC.001): P28169, P28170, P28443-P28445. Copy Negatives: N35814-N35844, N36250, N41439, N41551-N41556.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Nicholson was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 31, 1877. She moved to California following her parents and grandparents death, in 1901 and was soon purchasing Native American baskets and other artifacts in association with Carrol S. Hartman, an old family friend from the East. Traveling north through California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and south and east through Arizona and New Mexico, she collected, not only for herself, but also for such institutions as the Smithsonian, the Field Columbian Museum of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania Department of Archeology and later the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Nicholson kept extensive diaries and notes on her buying trips through Native American territory, especially of the Karok, Klamath, and Pomo Indians. Her subjects included Native American legends, folklore, vocabulary, tribal festivals, basket making, the art trade, and living conditions. Native American artists with whom Nicholson established long-term business and personal connections included Pomo basket weaver Mary Benson (1878-1930) and her husband William Benson (1862-1937), as well as Elizabeth Hickox (1875-1947) of the Karuk tribe. By August of 1902 she was establishing a shop and studio at 41-143 Raymond Ave., Pasadena and she regularly paid higher prices than competitive buyers, thereby obtaining the finest pieces.

In 1909 Grace Nicholson was awarded a silver medal for her ethnological collection exhibited at the Alaska-Yukon- Pacific Exposition in Seattle. In 1924, Nicholson designed and opened a new building for her collections nicknamed the "Treasure House" where she also handled the work of a number of the outstanding artists among them, Joseph H. Sharp and Grace Carpenter Hudson. Throughout her collecting career, Nicholson maintained a correspondence with George Heye selling and donating collections to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation from 1916 until her death in 1948.

Following Nicholson's death, her Native American Indian art collection was left to her assistants Thyra Maxwell and Estelle Bynum who became the executors of her estate. Her 12,000-item Asian art collection was auctioned by the Curtis Gallery in November 1950 and purchased by Los Angeles businessman Edker Pope. In 1968, Maxwell donated Nicholson's papers and photographs to The Huntington Library and sold Nicholson's collection of baskets made by the Bensons, as well as a large collection of correspondence and myths from William Benson, to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, of New York City (now the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution).
Related Materials:
The majority of Grace Nicholson's papers and photographs can be found at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California; Grace Nicholson Photograph Collection (photCL 56), Grace Nicholson Papers and Addenda (mssNicholson papers and addenda).

Additional Nicholson material can be found at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley; Photographic negatives and prints of Calif. Indian baskets and other ethnographic items handled by Grace Nicholson from about 1912-1925 (Accession 2880), Grace Nicholson's ledger of Indian baskets from about 1912-1925 in Pasadena, California (Accession 2881).
Separated Materials:
Correspondence between Grace Nicholsan and George Heye as well as Pomo myths recorded from William Benson can be found in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Boxes 262, 262A, 263. Baskets made by Mary and William Benson, as well also additional collections donated and sold by Nicholson to the Museum, can be found in NMAI's ethnographic collection.
Provenance:
The majority of the photographic prints were donated by Thyra Maxwell in 1968 and 1969. The rest of the photographs accompanied collections purchased by the Museum of the American Indian or presented to the Museum from Grace Nicholson in 1923.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace Nicholson photograph collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.039
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-039

MS 552-a Sketch map showing western Shasta villages, Karok and Yurok villages on Klamath River, Chilula villages on Redwood Creek

Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Northwest Coast  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Whilkut (Redwood Indians)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Maps
Date:
ca. 1857-1862
Scope and Contents:
Ink sketch with A. legend.
Biographical / Historical:
Comments by Arnold Pilling, February, 1969: Village locations are presumably as they were between 1857 and 1862; Kau-weh was destroyed in 1862 by a mud slide. Spellings of vliiage names appear to be same as those used by Gibbs in his published report of 1861.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 552-a
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 552-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS552A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms552a

MS 1326 Words and music to California Indian songs

Creator:
Powers, Stephen, 1840-1904  Search this
Usaka  Search this
Kekhhoal  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Pomo  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Yuki -- Songs  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1877
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Religious Song of the Ballo-Kai-Pomo. Dancing Song of the Ballo-Kai-Pomo, Potter Valley. Acorn Song, (Huchnom) [Yukian], sung by Usaka, a woman. Song of the Huchnom, Sung by old Kekhhoal (blind). Dancing Song of the Karok, Klamath River. Konkau [Maiduan] Dancing Song.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1326
Topic:
Music -- Pomo  Search this
Music -- Yuki  Search this
Music -- Karok  Search this
Music -- Maidu  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1326, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1326
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1326

MS 847 Ehnikan (Karok) vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Extent:
81 Pages
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June-July, 1889
Scope and Contents:
In schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 847
Local Note:
This appears to be a neat copy of Number 1450.--M.C.B., 11/61. "Closely related to Gatschet's Ara, q.v. (Number 845)." --J.N.B.H.
Topic:
Karok language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 847, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS847
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms847
Online Media:

MS 846 Pehtsik Klamath or Arra-Arra dictionary and ethnographic notes

Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
33 Pages
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Pages
Maps
Date:
1852-1853
Scope and Contents:
Includes a sketch map showing names and locations of Karok villages and the number of houses in each. Manuscript copy of the blurred pencil notes from the inside front and back covers and page [1] made by A.R. Pilling, 8/1970 and filed with manuscript.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 846
Local Note:
autograph document signed
Topic:
Karok language  Search this
Names, place -- Karok  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms846
Online Media:

MS 845 Ara (Karok) vocabulary

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Thomson, Joseph A.  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
January, 1878
Scope and Contents:
Also includes scribe's copy, annotated by Gatschet, in printed vocabulary form.
Biographical / Historical:
Thompson was a white man who was living in Arcata, Humboldt County, California. He had lived a few years in the Ara country.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 845
Local Note:
Gatschet states that this language is spoken on Klamath River, California, from Red Cap's to Clear Creek, near mouth of Scott River.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 845, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS845
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms845
Online Media:

MS 269 Fifteen untitled Karok stories

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Extent:
197 Pages
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Date:
May, 1889
Scope and Contents:
Fourteen stories have original in Curtin's hand (difficult to read), plus a typed copy; one story has typed copy only. Typed material totals 56 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 269
Local Note:
These stories had been catalogued for many years as Wintun myths recorded by Powell, and are so described in Harvey Pitkin's Wintun bibliography, International Journal of American Linguistics, Volume 28, Number 1, 1962, page 47, item 48. I recognised in 1960 that the myths were in Curtin's writing, and indicated this on the microfilm copy sent to the University of California, Berkeley, April, 1960. However, in 1966 I noticed that the names of the Karok towns of Katimin and Panomnik (Panamenik), the Karok term for Coyote (piqnefitc) and the word Karok, appear throughout the stories, and consequently recatalogued the manuscripts as Karok at that time --MCB.
Topic:
Karok language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Citation:
Manuscript 269, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS269
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms269
Online Media:

MS 209 Klamath River Vocabularies; Aliquah [Yurok], Arra-Arra [Karok], Hopah [Hupa]

Creator:
Crook, George  Search this
Anderson, Alexander Caulfield, 1814-1884  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
31 Pages
Culture:
Yurok Indians  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1852-1861
Scope and Contents:
With "Note" and "Key to pronunciation" by A.C. Anderson. The Hupa column contains entries on only two pages, a total of 17 words; these do not correspond with the Hupa in Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript 85, by Crook.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 209
Local Note:
The outline, including title, "Note," "Key," English words, and native names used as column headings, is all written in one hand, presumably Anderson's; words in the three Indian languages are in another hand, verified as Crook's "from material written by General Crook in War College Library," according to note by M.W. Tucker on old Manuscript envelope; note at top of title page, "By Lieut. now Gen. George Crook," is in hand of George Gibbs. Date supplied from information quoted by Pilling, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 14, 1892, page 21, indicating that Lieutenant Crook's first assignment was with the Fourth Infantry in California, 1852-61.
Citation:
Manuscript 209, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS209
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms209

MS 1450 Karok vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Extent:
111 Pages
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June and July, 1889
Scope and Contents:
In schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. (Approximately 65 microframes.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1450
Local Note:
This is apparently the original field copy, from which Number 847, a neat copy, was prepared. It includes some paradigms and other material at the end not copied into Number 847.--M.C.B., 11/61.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1450, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1450
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1450
Online Media:

MS 130 Vocabularies of the Aliquah [Yurok], Arra-Arra [Karok], and Hopa [Hupa] Languages, collected on the Klamath and Trinity Rivers Northern California

Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Anderson, Alexander Caulfield, 1814-1884  Search this
Culture:
Yurok Indians  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1852
Scope and Contents:
Includes "Note" and "Key to Pronunciation" by A.C. Anderson. 27 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 130
Local Note:
The Hupa is apparently taken from Gibbs' original manuscript Bureau of American Ethnology Number 128-b.
autograph document
Citation:
Manuscript 130, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS130
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms130

MS 1185 Fragment of a myth in English from No. California

Collector:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Names:
Coyote  Search this
Piquefite  Search this
Culture:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1889 ?
Scope and Contents:
About Piquefite = Coyote in Karok. (Cf. Curtin vocabulary #847, recorded June-July 1889.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1185
Local Note:
On similar paper etc. to legends in File Number 269- No typescript of this in file 269, however. MCB 5/66.
Topic:
Folklore -- Karok  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1185, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1185
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1185

MS 667 Miscellaneous Hupa materials

Creator:
Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906  Search this
Culture:
Hupa  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
ca. 1888
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Vocabulary torn from Powell's printed "Schedule," 4 pages; Verb paradigms, 3 pages; story, "Old Blind Man," 4 pages; notes, 14 pages as follows, and one sketch map: "Summer Dance" (white deerskin dance), "Fall Dance," burial customs, Remarks on the Hupa."
Biographical / Historical:
Note on loose page with Karok vocabulary, Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript 1450 reads, "Hoopa finished Dec. 16, 1888, Sunday."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 667
Other Title:
Old Blind Man
Topic:
White Deerskin Dance -- Hupa  Search this
Fall Dance -- Hupa  Search this
Summer Dance -- Hupa  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 667, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS667
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms667
Online Media:

Purse for dentalium-shell "money"

Culture/People:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Collector:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Previous owner:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Seller:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Purse for dentalium-shell "money"
Media/Materials:
Elk antler, paint
Techniques:
Carved, incised, painted
Dimensions:
22 x 5 x 5 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Northern California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1880-1900
Catalog Number:
5/2374
Barcode:
052374.000
See related items:
Karuk (Karok)
Containers and Vessels
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, California & Great Basin
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6474cbdeb-dcc1-4f75-9164-0e15ecaf2f9f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_56162
Online Media:

Woman's headband for Jump Dance ceremony.

Culture/People:
Hupa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Wendy George (Wendy Ferris-George), Hupa/Yurok/Karuk (Karok)/Chimariko  Search this
NMAI agent:
Emil Her Many Horses (EHMH), Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge]  Search this
Seller:
Wendy George (Wendy Ferris-George), Hupa/Yurok/Karuk (Karok)/Chimariko  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's headband for Jump Dance ceremony.
Media/Materials:
Porcupine quills, twine/string
Techniques:
Braided, tied
Dimensions:
1.5 x 22 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Hoopa, Hoopa Valley Reservation; Humboldt County; California; USA
Date created:
2002
Catalog Number:
25/8425
Barcode:
258425.000
See related items:
Hupa
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Our Universes, Hupa
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b9206c42-7264-47e5-ade2-979490b58314
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274365
Online Media:

Necklace (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Previous owner:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Donor:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Dentalium shell/shells, glass bead/beads, velvet, cordage, sinew, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Incised, strung, wrapped, tied
Dimensions:
59 x 0.03 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Northern California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
14/9645
Barcode:
149645.000
See related items:
Karuk (Karok)
Adornment/Jewelry
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Our Universes, Hupa
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws631c92a4f-f884-47a1-86bc-2958f479e4d2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_160411

Necklace (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Collector:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Previous owner:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Seller:
Grace Nicholson, Non-Indian, 1877-1948  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Dentalium shell/shells, cotton cloth, cordage
Techniques:
Strung, tied
Dimensions:
53 x 10 x 1.5 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Northern California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
11/2968
Barcode:
112968.000
See related items:
Karuk (Karok)
Adornment/Jewelry
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Our Universes, Hupa
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c898607f-d089-4b81-915b-72f3fa9fd62d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_121743

Spoon

Culture/People:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Previous owner:
M. Alta Richards (Margaret Alta Richards/Mrs. Harry De Courcy Richards), Non-Indian, 1862-1939  Search this
Seller:
M. Alta Richards (Margaret Alta Richards/Mrs. Harry De Courcy Richards), Non-Indian, 1862-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon
Media/Materials:
Elk antler
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
17 x 5 x 6 cm
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Humboldt County; California; USA
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
18/9664
Barcode:
189664.000
See related items:
Karuk (Karok)
Food/Beverage Serving
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, California & Great Basin
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63792be3e-19a7-4d84-9bda-8c3f7d78e1db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_202752
Online Media:

Headband (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Previous owner:
Mattie Jerry (Mrs. Joseph Jerry), Karuk (Karok), 1870-1961  Search this
Seller:
Mattie Jerry (Mrs. Joseph Jerry), Karuk (Karok), 1870-1961  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
William Shirley Fulton (William S. Fulton), Non-Indian, 1880-1964  Search this
Object Name:
Headband (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, woodpecker feather/feathers, jay feather/feathers
Techniques:
Sewn
Dimensions:
77 x 20 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Northern California; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1910
Catalog Number:
20/9651
Barcode:
209651.000
See related items:
Karuk (Karok)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f2076174-6d9f-4a96-bf29-32d1c7833655
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_223962

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