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Photograph of Frida Kahlo reclining on her bed in Coyoacán, Mexico

Photographer:
Dale, Chester, 1883-1962  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
between 1942 and 1945
Citation:
Chester Dale. Photograph of Frida Kahlo reclining on her bed in Coyoacán, Mexico, between 1942 and 1945. Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Illness  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)731
See more items in:
Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003, bulk 1920-1970
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_731

Portrait of Frida Kahlo on the patio of the Blue House, Coyoacán, Mexico

Photographer:
Arquin, Florence, 1900-1974  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
195-?
Citation:
Florence Arquin. Portrait of Frida Kahlo on the patio of the Blue House, Coyoacán, Mexico, 195-?. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists' homes  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)727
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_727

Reproduction of Frieda Rivera by Walter Pach

Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Not before 1933
Citation:
Reproduction of Frieda Rivera by Walter Pach, Not before 1933. Walter Pach papers, 1857-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22762
See more items in:
Walter Pach papers, 1857-1980
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22762
Online Media:

Photograph of Emmy Lou Packard and Frida Kahlo in Coyoacan, Mexico

Photographer:
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
1941
Citation:
Diego Rivera. Photograph of Emmy Lou Packard and Frida Kahlo in Coyoacan, Mexico, 1941. Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5529
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5529

Frida Kahlo in studio

Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1943 or 1944
Citation:
Frida Kahlo in studio, 1943 or 1944. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19796
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19796
Online Media:

Albert Kahn papers

Creator:
Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Henry, 1839-1912  Search this
Barlow, Myron, 1873-1937  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Kahn, Ernestine Krolik  Search this
Mason, George D.  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Stoughton, Arthur A.  Search this
Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957  Search this
Trowbridge, Alexander Buell, 1868-1950  Search this
Extent:
7.02 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Watercolors
Scrapbooks
Renderings
Lithographs
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Notebooks
Drawings
Sound recordings
Awards
Sketchbooks
Etchings
Notes
Typescripts
Lectures
Date:
1875-1970
Summary:
The papers of architect Albert Kahn date from 1875-1970, bulk 1875-1945, and measure 7.02 linear feet. Found within the papers is biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, nine sketchbooks, art work, notes and writings, two scrapbooks, printed material, photographs and photograph albums, artifacts, and motion picture film.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of architect Albert Kahn date from 1875-1970, bulk 1875-1945, and measure 7.02 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, nine sketchbooks, art work, notes and writings, two scrapbooks, printed material, photographs and photograph albums, artifacts, a sound recording and motion picture film.

Biographical material includes a biographical account, marriage certificate, architect's licenses, calling cards for the Kahns, passports, identification cards, letters of introduction, award certificates and medals, membership cards and certificates, a sound recording concerning Albert Kahn's life, and an address book.

Correspondence consists of letters between Albert Kahn, family members, and colleagues including Myron Barlow, George D. Mason, Carl Milles and Arthur A. Stoughton. There is one letter each from Henry Bacon and Alexander Trowbridge, and condolence letters to Kahn's widow.

Personal business records include records of stocks and income, lists of expenses and receipts for construction, property records, price lists for paintings by others, and miscellaneous receipts.

Art work includes nine sketchbooks and drawings by Albert Kahn, a paper silhouette portrait of Kahn, and drawings, watercolors, etchings, lithographs, and a sketchbook of Cornwall by others.

Notes and writings include Ernestine Kahn's diary, notebooks, guest registers and records concerning Albert Kahn's funeral, and typescripts of speeches and lectures.

Two scrapbooks contain clippings, small drawings, photographs of architecture, and letters of tribute.

Printed material includes clippings, exhibition catalogs for others, programs, booklets, books, reproductions of art work, travel brochures, picture postcards, and miscellaneous printed material.

Photographs are of Albert Kahn, members of his family, and colleagues including Myron Barlow, Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, Arturo Toscanini, residences, and travel scenes. Moving images include five reels of 16mm motion picture film of the Kahn family at the farm and at various family gatherings.

Artifacts primarily consist of the tools used by Albert Kahn during his career including t-squares and portable tripod supports for drawing boards used on construction sites.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series. Glass plate negative housed separately and closed to researchers.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1896-1945 (Box 1, 6, OV 10; 19 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1891-1970 (Box 1-3, 6; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1891-1943 (Box 3; 7 folders)

Series 4: Art Work, 1890-1936 (Box 3, 6, OV 11-12; 20 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1899-1943 (Box 3-4; 29 folders)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1890-1942 (Box 7; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1897-1968 (Box 4-6, OV 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs and Moving Images, 1875-1944 (Box 5-6, 8, FC 13-17, MGP 2; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Artifacts, circa 1942 (Box 5, 9; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Albert Kahn (1869-1942) of Detroit, Michigan, was an architect, primarily known for designing industrial buildings with the pioneering use of reinforced concrete that allowed large unobstructed interiors.

Albert Kahn was born on March 21, 1869 in Rhaunen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, the oldest son of rabbi Joseph Kahn and Rosalie Cohn Kahn. The family immigrated to the United States in 1881 and settled in Detroit, Michigan.

Albert Kahn worked as an office boy in an architect's office and studied drawing in Sunday classes conducted by sculptor Julius Melchers. Melchers found Kahn a position in the architectural offices of Mason and Rice where he worked for several years. In 1890, Kahn won a scholarship to travel in Europe to study architecture and in 1895 he opened his own architectural office, Albert Kahn Associates, hiring his younger brothers, Louis, Moritz, and Felix. In the following year, Kahn married Ernestine Krolik.

In 1903, Kahn was awarded his first two important commissions: to design the University of Michigan's engineering building and the Palm Apartments in Detroit, built with the early use of reinforced concrete. In the following year, he built the first reinforced concrete factory for the Packard Motor Company. Because of the industrial growth in Detroit at that time, Kahn was in demand to design various automobile factories including the General Motors Building, textile, business machine, and chemical plants. He became an authority on concrete construction and by the beginning of the First World War, his firm provided construction for the military aviation section of the Army.

Kahn later moved from using concrete to steel and glass. In 1927, his company finished a large building for the Fisher Brothers of Detroit for which he was awarded a medal by the Architectural League of New York for the year's outstanding contribution to architecture. In the following year his firm was given full charge of the entire heavy industrial building program of Russia's first five-year plan, and they constructed an estimated two billion dollars worth of factories in Russia.

During World War II, Kahn's firm was constantly busy constructing naval air bases, airplane engine plants, tank arsenals including the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, and other government defense projects. In June 1942 Kahn was given the honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts by Syracuse University.

Albert Kahn died on December 8, 1942 in Detroit, Michigan.
Provenance:
The Albert Kahn papers were donated by Kahn's children, Mrs. Lydia Winston Malbin, Mrs. Rosalie Butzel, and Dr. Edgar A. Kahn, in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Architecture, American  Search this
Architects -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Watercolors
Scrapbooks
Renderings
Lithographs
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Notebooks
Drawings
Sound recordings
Awards
Sketchbooks
Etchings
Notes
Typescripts
Lectures
Citation:
Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kahnalbp
See more items in:
Albert Kahn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw998c9d20d-7eac-4264-8dd4-21511423e9a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kahnalbp
Online Media:

Photograph of Frida Kahlo with her painting, Self-Portrait as a Tehuana

Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1943
Citation:
Photograph of Frida Kahlo with her painting, Self-Portrait as a Tehuana, circa 1943. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Painters  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)718
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_718

John Weatherwax papers relating to Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, 1928-1988, bulk 1931-1933

Creator:
Weatherwax, John M. (John Martin), 1900-1984  Search this
Subject:
Sinclair, Upton  Search this
Scheyer, Galka E.  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Citation:
John Weatherwax papers relating to Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, 1928-1988, bulk 1931-1933. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Popol vuh  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican -- Influence  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American -- Foreign influences  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9609
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211815
AAA_collcode_weatjohn
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211815
Online Media:

Frida Kahlo's studio

Photographer:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1941
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard. Frida Kahlo's studio, 1941. Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5527
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5527

Portrait of Frida Kahlo

Photographer:
Arquin, Florence, 1900-1974  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1948 January 24
Citation:
Florence Arquin. Portrait of Frida Kahlo, 1948 January 24. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1209
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1209

Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970

Creator:
Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Barlow, Myron  Search this
Bacon, Henry  Search this
Trowbridge, Alexander Buell  Search this
Toscanini, Arturo  Search this
Stoughton, Arthur A.  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Mason, George D.  Search this
Kahn, Ernestine Krolik  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Watercolors
Scrapbooks
Renderings
Lithographs
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Notebooks
Drawings
Sound recordings
Awards
Sketchbooks
Etchings
Notes
Typescripts
Lectures
Citation:
Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Architecture, American  Search this
Architects -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7638
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209801
AAA_collcode_kahnalbp
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209801
Online Media:

Frida and Diego at lunch in Coyoacan

Photographer:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
1941
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard. Frida and Diego at lunch in Coyoacan, 1941. Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Muralists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5526
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5526

Photograph of Albert Kahn, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera

Creator:
Ford Motor Company. Photographic Department  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Kahn, Albert  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1932 August 2
Citation:
Ford Motor Company. Photographic Department. Photograph of Albert Kahn, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, 1932 August 2. Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Architects  Search this
Artists in groups  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6348
See more items in:
Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6348

Portrait of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera in Coyoacán, Mexico

Photographer:
Arquin, Florence, 1900-1974  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
1948 January 24
Citation:
Florence Arquin. Portrait of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera in Coyoacán, Mexico, 1948 January 24. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)724
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_724

Photograph of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera in the interior court of the Detroit Institute of Arts

Creator:
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Detroit, Mich.
Date:
1932 or 1933
Citation:
Detroit Institute of Arts. Photograph of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera in the interior court of the Detroit Institute of Arts, 1932 or 1933. Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Murals  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)719
See more items in:
Florence Arquin papers, 1923-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_719

Portrait of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera

Photographer:
Juley, Paul A., 1867-1937  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
San Francisco, Calif.
Date:
1931
Citation:
Paul A. Juley. Portrait of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, 1931. Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists in groups  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)730
See more items in:
Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003, bulk 1920-1970
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_730

Photograph of Frida Kahlo at her home in Coyoacan, Mexico

Photographer:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Coyoacan, Mexico
Date:
1941
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard. Photograph of Frida Kahlo at her home in Coyoacan, Mexico, 1941. Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5532
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5532

Nickolas Muray papers

Creator:
Muray, Nickolas, 1892-1965  Search this
Names:
New York University -- Faculty  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1910-1992
Summary:
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1978. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

There is a 0.6 linear feet Unprocessed Addition which includes biographical material, correspondence, photographs, research notes and a diary about Africa, and a subject file on the book The Revealing Eye, Personalities of the 1920s, written by Paul Gallico with photographs taken by Muray, 1967.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1992. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

There is a 0.6 linear feet Unprocessed Addition which includes biographical material, correspondence, photographs, research notes and a diary about Africa, and a subject file on the book The Revealing Eye, Personalities of the 1920s, written by Paul Gallico with photographs taken by Muray, 1967.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1978 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 3)

Series 2: Unprocessed Addition, 1927-1992 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer Nickolas Muray (1892-1965) lived and worked in New York, New York and was known for his portrait, fashion, and advertising photography and for his mastery of the carbro color printing process.

Born in Szeged, Hungary, Muray spent time in Budapest as an engraver's apprentice and moved to Germany at the age of 16 to expand his technical knowledge of photo-engraving and photography. In 1913, Muray immigrated to America where he worked as a photo engraver at Stockinger Engraving Co. and eventually opened his own photography studio in 1920. After successfully completing a commission to photograph Broadway star Florence Reed, Muray continued to build his portfolio with regular commissions for Harper's Bazaar and Vanity Fair to photograph movie stars, artists, musicians, artists, and models. In the 1930s, Muray mastered the carbro printing process and established one of the first color labs in America. His color fashion and advertising work continued to appear regularly in Vogue, Ladies' Home Journal, Woman's Home Companion, McCall's and other periodicals.

In addition to his professional work, Muray wrote reviews for Dance magazine and represented the United States in 1928 and 1932 as a member of the Olympic fencing team. He maintained a long distance affair with artist Frida Kahlo throughout the 1930s, eventually ending the relationship but remaining friends until her death in 1954. In 1942, Muray married his fourth wife, Margaret (Peggy) Schwab, with whom he had a daughter, Mimi. Muray died of a heart attack in 1965.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1988 and 2019 by Muray's daughter, Mimi Murray.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Photography -- Study and teaching  Search this
Photographers -- United States  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.muranick
See more items in:
Nickolas Muray papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90c3eadad-84e7-46f4-ad9b-e200059aaea7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-muranick
Online Media:

Emmy Lou Packard Papers

Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Names:
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Edmunds, John, 1913-  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
O'Gorman, Juan, 1905-  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reynolds, Malvina  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Extent:
9.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Date:
1900-1990
Summary:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.
Scope and Contents note:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.

Biographical materials include resumes, personal forms, and certificates. Correspondence is with family, friends, and colleagues, including muralist Anton Refregier, songwriter Malvina Reynolds, and composer John Edmunds. There is one letter from Dorothea Lange. Also found is correspondence with various political and arts organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union and the Russian magazine Soviet Woman. Much of the correspondence discusses personal relationships and political and art-related activities. Additional correspondence with and concerning Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo is arranged in Series 6.

Personal business records found within the papers include studio real estate and rent records, insurance records, price lists for artwork, consignment records, and miscellaneous receipts. There is one interview transcript of an interview with Packard for the Radical Elders Oral History Project. The papers include a series of notebooks/diaries, address lists, and other notes.

Packard's reference files and personal papers documenting her professional and close personal relationship with Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo are arranged into a separate series. They include her research files for a planned book on the two artists, personal letters between Packard and the couple, as well as several interesting photographs. Also found in this series are notes, writings, and printed materials relating to Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, and other Mexican artists, such as Covarrubius, Juan O'Gorman, and Pablo O'Higgins.

The collection also includes typescripts and additional writings by Packard and others. Artwork consists of orginal drawings and prints by Packard and others not directly associated with projects. Exhibition and project files for many of Packard's commissioned projects are also found within the collection, including her files for the restoration of Anton Refregier's Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco. Many of the project files contain correspondence, reports, contracts, printed material, photographs, and artwork.

The papers also include photographs of Packard, her family, residences, artwork, friends, and colleagues, including Cesar Chavez, Juan O'Gorman, Malvina Reynolds, Charles Safford, Ralph Stackpole, and Tennessee Williams. Two scrapbooks are found, as well as additional printed materials such as clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs. There are also two artifact items, a vinyl record of Malvina Reynolds and a political campaign button.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1942-1985 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1919-1990 (Box 1-3; 2.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1945-1985 (Box 3; 21 folders)

Series 4: Interview Transcript, 1979 (Box 3; 1 folder)

Series 5: Notes, 1900-1985 (Box 3-4, 10; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 6: Reference Files on Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo, 1929-1986 (Box 5, 10, OV 11; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings by Packard, 1953-1984 (Box 6; 17 folders)

Series 8: Writings by Others, 1955-1984 (Box 6; 19 folders)

Series 9: Artwork, 1921-1976 (Box 6; 10 folders)

Series 10: Exhibition Files, 1950-1964 (Box 6, OV 11; 5 folders)

Series 11: Project Files, 1953-1985 (Box 6-7, 10, OV 11; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 12: Photographs, 1914-1982 (Box 8, 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 13: Scrapbooks, 1947-1950 (Box 8, 10; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 14: Printed Material, 1936-1988 (Box 8-9, 10; 1 linear foot)

Series 15: Artifacts, 1984 (Box 9-10, OV 11; 2 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Emmy Lou Packard was born in Imperial Valley, California on April 15, 1914, to Walter and Emma Leonard Packard. In the late 1920s she lived with her family in Mexico City where she became acquainted with Diego Rivera, from whom she received regular art criticism and encouragement. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley and completed courses in fresco and sculpture at the California School of Fine Arts in 1940. That year and the next, Packard worked as a full-time painting assistant to Rivera on his 1,650 square-foot fresco at the World's Fair in San Francisco. During this project, Packard became very close to Rivera and Frida Kahlo and returned to Mexico with them and spent a year living with the couple.

From then on, except for in 1944-1945 working for a defense plant, Packard worked and grew in various aspects of her art. In addition to her work in fresco, Packard is known for her work in watercolor, oil, mosaic, laminated plastic, concrete, and printmaking, both in linocuts and woodblocks. She received numerous commissions that included installations for ships, hotels, and private homes for which she executed large woodcuts and mural panels. During the 1950s and 1960s, Packard was hired to restore several historic murals, most notably the Rincon Annex Post Office mural by Anton Refregier and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco.

Between 1966 and 1967 she was commissioned by architects to design and execute a number of concrete and mosaic pieces, one of which went to the Mirabeau Restaurant in Kaiser Center, Oakland. She also designed and executed a mural for the Fresno Convention Center Theater during that same period. In 1973-1974, she designed and supervised a glazed brick mural for a public library in Pinole, California.

Packard had one-woman shows at the San Francisco Museum of Art, Raymond and Raymond Gallery (San Francisco), Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Mass.), Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, Pushkin Museum (Moscow), and March Gallery (Chicago). Emmy Lou Packard died in 1998.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Emmy Lou Packard conducted by Mary Fuller McChesney in 1964.
Provenance:
Emmy Lou Packard donated her papers to the Archives of American Art from 1984-1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women muralists  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.packemmy
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9db9feb7f-b0e9-4a2b-9d8c-9940b1d933d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-packemmy
Online Media:

Self-Portrait, [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Kahlo, Frida 1907-1954  Search this
Subject:
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1929
Topic:
Portrait female--Self Portrait  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Architecture interior--Detail--Window  Search this
Object--Furniture--Clock  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Airplane  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0033202
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_33203

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